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AEROSPACE OPERATIONS, INC. 



Shuttle Ground Operations 
Efficiencies/Technologies Study 




^Clii|> ^^^ Alls Phas^ 2 Contractor Woricshop 

PocMent 



PHASE 3, VOLUME 3 OF 4 

Simplified Launch System Operational Criteria 



W. J. Dickinson 

KSC Study Manager 

(407) 867-7705 



KENNEDY SPACli CLNTER 

NAS10-1i:-<44 
March, 1 989 



A. L Scholz 

Boeing Study Manager 

(407) 867-2334 



I 



TABLE OP CONTENTS 
Siaplifie d Launch System Operational Criteria 

Page 
Table of Contents 

Acronyms and Abbreviations i i 

Introduction - 

SLSOC Format 2 

Example: Simplified Launch Sys. Oper, Criteria... 4 

STS--31 Manpower Data - A Designers Reference 5 

Criteria Sources and Responsibility 6 

Appendix and Data Sources 7 

Summary q 

Management and System Engineering 13 

Avionics and Software c^ 

^^^^^^ 113 

Structures and Materials 141 

Propulsion , ^o^ 

Facilities and Support Equipment. 247 

APPENDIX 

A. STS~26R Fluids Consumption and Cost Data 307 



ACRONTMS and ABBRBVIATIOIIS 

$B Dollars-billions 

SM Dollars-millions 

APD Aft Plight Deck 

AGCS Automatic Ground Control System 

AH Ampere-Hour 

Ai Artificial Intelligence 

Al Aluminum 

Al-Li Aluminum-Lithium 

ALS Advanced Launch System 

AOA Abort Once Around 

APU Auxiliary Power Unit 

ASE Airborne Support Equipment 

ASSY Assembly 

ATC Air Traffic Control 

ATE Automatic Test Equipment 

ATKB Automation Technology Knowledge Base 

ATO Abort to Orbit 

ATPG Automatic Test Program Generation 

A50 Aerozine 50 (50X Hydrazine and 50% UDMH) 

BAG Boeing Aerospace Company (Seattle) 

BAO Boeing Aerospace Operations (KSOJ 

BIT Built-in-Test 

BITE Built-In-Test-Equipment 

BSTR Booster 

C Celsius; Carbon 

C2K Circa 2000 

CjHq Propane 

CAD Computer Aided Design 

CAB Computer Aided Engineering 

CAI Computer Aided Instruction 

CALS Computer Aided Logistics System 

CAM Computer Aided Manufacturing 

HSJpS Cape Canaveral Air Force Station 

CDDT Countdown Demonstration Test 

CDF Confined Detonating Fuse 

SS S:;"^?i" £r»i.bl. Uunch V^ld. (nov Ti.„ IV) 

CG Center of Gravity 

CH Methane 

ct6 Computer Integrated Manufacturing 

CITB Cargo Integration Test Equipment 

CIU Computer Interface Unit 

CM Command Module 

C/0 Checkout 

COMM Communications 

COMM SAT Communication satellite 

CPU Central Processing Unit 

CPV Combined Pressure Vessel 

CR Control Room 

Crvo Cryogenic ^ * ^ 

CSOC Consolidated Space Opertions Center 

CT Cravler Transporter 



CTS Common Tank Set 
CV Cargo Vehicle 



ii 



DA 

D/A 

DAS 

DB 

DBMS 

DBS 

DBT 

dc 

DCA 

DDT&E 

DFT 

DOD.DoD 

DOHSAT 

DPS 

DR 

DSCS 

DSN 

DTC 

ECLSS 

ECS 

EECOM 

EIU 

ELS 

ELV 

EHC 

EMU 

EPD&C 

EPS 

ES 

ESS 

E/T 

ETR 

EVA 

FAA 

FCE 

PCM 

PDO 

FMS 

FRCS 

PSS 

FWC 

FT 

GB 

GD 

GEO 

GFS 

Gfi2, GH. 

GLOW ^ 

6N&C,G&C 

GN, 

GO'' 

G02,G0. 

GPM ^ 

GPS 

GSB 

GSFC 



ACRONTMS and ABBREVIATIONS 
(Continued) 

Data Acquisition 

Digital/Analog 

Data Acquisition System 

Data Base 

Data Base Management System 

Direct Broadcast Satellite 

Design Build Team 

Direct Current 

Defense Communications Agency 

Design, Development, Test and Evaluation 

Design For Testability DMS Data Management System 

Department of Defense 

Domestic Communication Satellite 

Data Processing System 

Discrepancy Report 

Defense Satellite Communication System 

Deep Space Network DSP Defense Support Proirram 

Design to Cost 

Environmental Control & Life Support System 

Environmental Control System 

Electrical, Environmental, Communications 

Engine Interface Unit 

Eastern Launch Site 

Expendable Launch Vehicle 

Electro Magnetic Compatibility 

Extravehicular Mobillllty Unit; Extended Memory Unit 

Electrical Power Distribution and Control 

Electrical Power Subsystem 

Expert System 

Energy Storage System 

External Tank 

Eastern Test Range 

Extravehicular Activity 

Federal Aviation Administration 
Flight Crev Equipment 
Fuel Cell Module 
Flight Dynamics Officer 
Flight Management System 
Forward Reaction Control System 
Flight Systems Simulator 
Filament Wound Case 
Fiscal Tear 

Ground Based 

General Dynamics 

Geosynchronous Orbit 

Government Furnished Support 

Gaseous Hydrogen 

Gross Liftoff Weight 

Guidance Navigation and Control 

Gaseous Nitrogen 

Ground Operations 

Gaseous Oxygen 

Gallons Per Minute 

Global Positioning Satellite 

Ground Support Equipment 

Goddard Space Flight Center 



111 



ACRONTMS and ABBREVIATIONS 
(Continued) 



GSTDN.STDN Ground Station Tracking and Data Network 

HC Hydrocarbon 

He Helium 

HEO High Earth Orbit 

HIF Horizontal Integration Facility 

HLLV Heavy Lift Launch Vehicle 

HPFTP High Pressure Fuel Turbo Pump 

HTO Horizontal Take Off 

H/V Hardware 

H- Hydrogen 

HYD Hydraulic(s) 

IC Integrated Circuit 

IDSS Integrated Design Support System 

I/F Interface . _ ^ 

IMIS Integrated Maintenance Information System 

IFA In-flight Anomaly 

ILS Integrated Logistics System 

IMU Inertial Measurement Unit 

INCO Instrumentation and Communications Ottlcer 

INEL Idaho National Engineering Laboratory 

INS, INST Instrumentation 

INT Integration 

IOC Initial Operational Capability 

I/O Input/Output 

IPR Interim Problem Report 

IPV Individual Pressure Vessel 

IR Infrared . ^ , 

IR&D Independent Research and Development 

IRR Internal Rate of Return 

Isp Specific Impulse 

lU Interface Unit 

lUS Inertial Upper Stage 

JSC Johnson Space Center 

K Thousand 

KBW Kinetic Energy Weapon 

KSC Kennedy Space Center 

KV Kilowatt 

LAN Local Area Network 

LBS pounds 

LCA Launch Control Amplifier 

LCC Life Cycle Cost 

LCCV Low Cost Cargo Vehicle (MMC) 

LCE Low Cost Expendable 

LCEP Low Cost Expendable Propulsion 

LC-Titan Large Core Titan 

LDC Large Dianeter Core 

LEM Lunar Excursion Module 

LBS Launch Escape System 

LEO Low Earth Orbit 

LB Left Hand 

LH2,LH2 Liquid Hydrogen 

Ll-SOCl, Lithium Sulphur Oxygen Chlorine 

Li Lithium 

LN- Liquid Nitrogen 

L02,L0, Liquid Oxygen ^^ 



ACRONTHS and ABBREVIATIONS 
(Continued) 

LPS Launch Processing System 

LRBs Liquid Rocket Boosters 

LRE Liquid Rocket Engine 

LRU Line Replaceable Unit 

LSC Linear Shaped Charge 

LV Launch Vehicle 

L&L Launch and Landing 

M Million 

HC Mission Control 

MCC Main Combustion Chamber 

MCR Modification Change Request 

MCS Mission Control System 

MCT Mission Control Teams 

MDAC McDonnell Douglas Astronautics Company 

MDM Mul t i plex/De-mul t i plex 

ME Main Engine; Maintenance Expert 

MELV Medium Expendable Launch Vehicle 

MEO Medium Earth Orbit 

MFRCV Manned Fully Reusable Cargo Vehicle(s) (STS II) 

MFRGB Manned Fully Reusable Ground Based-OTV 

MFRSB Manned Fully Reusable Space Based-OTV 

MILSTAR Military Transmission and Relay Satellite 

MLP Mobile Launcher Platform 

MMC Martin Marietta Company 

MMMA Martin Marietta Michoud Aerospace 

MMU Manned Maneuvering Unit 

MPM Manipulator Positioning Mechanism 

HPRCV Manned Partially Reusable Cargo Vehicle 

MPS Main Propulsion System 

MPSR Multipurpose Support Room 

MPST Multipurpose Support Team 

MSBLS Microwave Scanning Beam Landing System 

MSFC Marshall Space Flight Center 

MS/NAS Machine Screw/National Aircraft Standard 

MTBF Mean-Time Between Failure 

MTTR Mean-Time to Repair 

NaS Sodium Sulphur 

NAS National Airspace System 

NA-S National Aircraft Standard 

NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration 

NASA/RECON Remote Console (NASA information retrieval system) 



NCCS 


Network Communication and Control Stations 


NCS 


Network Control Stations 


NDB 


Non-Destructive Evaluation 


NOT 


Non-Destructive Test 


Ni-Cd 


Nickel-Cadmium 


NiCad 


Nickel Cadmium 


NIB 


Not Invented Here 


Ni-Hj 


Nickel-Hydrogen 


NiTi 


Nickel-Titanium 


Nitinol 


Nickel-Titanluffl-Naval Ordnance Laboratory 


MLG 


Nose Landing Gear 


MORAO 


North American Air Defense 


NSI 


NASA Standard Initiator 


NjH, 


Hydrazine Monopropellant 


"2^ 


Nitrogen Tetroxlde 



ACRQNTMS and ABBREVIATIONS 
(Continued) 

OAA Orbiter Access Arm 

OBECO Outboard Engine Cutoff 

O&N Operations and Maintenance 

OMI Operations and Maintenance Instruction 

OMP Operationsand Maintenance Plan 

OMRSD Operational Maintenance Requirements and Specifications Document 

OMS Orbital Maneuvering System 

OMV Orbital Maneuvering Vehicle 

OPC Operations Plarming Center 

OPF Orbiter Processing Facility 

OPS Operations 

ORB Orbiter 

ORU Orbiter Replacement Unit; Orbital Repaired Unit 

OTV Oribital Transfer Vehicle 

OV Orbiter Vehicle 

P/A Propulsion/Avionics Module 

PAM Payload Assist Module; Payload Applications Module 

PAREC P/A Recovery Area 

PC Printed Circuit 

PCBS Printed Circuit Boards 

PCP Power Control Panel 

PCR Payload Changeout Room 

PDI Payload Data Interleaver 

PDR Preliminary Design Review 

PFLB Pressure Fed Liquid Booster 

P/FRCV Partially/Fully Reusable Cargo Vehicle 

PGHM Payload Ground Handling Mechanism 

PGOC Payload Ground Operations Contractor (MDAC) 

PIC Pyro Initiator Controller 

PIDB Preliminary Issues Database 

PL, P/L Payload 

PLB Payload Bay 

PLF Payload Fairing or Payload Facility 

POCC Payload Operations Control Center 

POI Product of Inertia 

PR Problem Report 

PRCBD Program Review Control Board Directive 

PRSD Power Reactant Storage and Distribution 

PSA Payload Support Avionics 

PSI Pounds Per Square Inch 

PSP Processing Support Plan 

PV Present Value 

PV&D Purge, Vent and Drain 

QA Quality Assurance 
QC Quality Control 
QD Quick Disconnect 

RAOC Rome Air Development Center 

RAMCAD Reliability and Maintainability through Computer Aided Design 

RCC Reinforced Carbon Carbon 

RCS Reaction Control System 

R&D Research and Development 

RECON Remote Console (NASA information retrieval system) 

RF Radio Frequency 

RFCS Regenerative Fuel Cell System 

RFP Request for Proposal 



VI 



ACRONTHS and ABBREVIATIONS 
(Continued) 

RH Right Hand 

RIC Rockwell International Corporation 

RJDA Reaction Jet Drawer 

RMS Remote Manipulator System 

R&PM Research and Program Management 

RPSF Remote Processing and Storage Facility(s) 

RP-1 Rocket propellant-JP-X based 

R/R , R&R Repai r/Replace 

RSI Reusable Surface Insulation 

RTOMI Repetitive Task Operations and Maintenance Instruction 

RTS Remote Tracking System 

RTV Room Temperature Vulcanizing 

R&T Research and Technology 

RU Remote Unit 

S Sulphur 

SAFT Semi -Automatic Flight Line Tester 

SAT Satellite 

S&A Safe and Arm 

SB Space Based 

SBS Space Based System 

SBSS Space Based Space Surveillance (System) 

S/C Spacecraft 

SCAPE Self-Contained Atmospheric Protective Ensemble 

SDI Space Defense Initiative 

SDIO Space Defense Initiative Office/Organization 

SDV Shuttle Derived Vehicle 

Sic Silicon Carbine 

SIP Standard Interface Panel; Strain Isolation Pad 

SIT System Integrated Test 

SLSOC Simplified Launch System Operational Criteria 

SM Support Module 

SMA Shape-Memory Alloy 

SMCH Standard Mission Cable Harness 

SME Shape Memory Effect 

SOA State-of-Art 

SOC Satellite Operations Center 

SOPC Shuttle Operations Planning Center 

SOW Statement of Work 

SPACECOM Space Command 

SPADOC Space Defense Operations Center 

SPC Shuttle Processing Contractor (Lockheed) 

SPIDPO Shuttle Payload Integration and Development Program Office (JSC) 

SPDMS Shuttle Processing Data Management System 

SPI Standard Practice Instructions 
SRB, SRBs Solid Rocket Booster(s) 
SRM, SRMs Solid Rocket Motor(s) 

SRSS Shuttle Range Safety System 

SS Space Station 

SSME Space Shuttle Main Engine(s) 

SSMEC Space Shuttle Main Engine Controller 

SSSP SRB Segment Storage Facility 

SSTO Single Stage to Orbit 

ST Space Telescope 

STA,STAS Space Transportation Architecture (Study) 

STC Satellite Test Center 

STE Systems Test and Evaluation or Special Test Equipment 

STS Space Transportation System; 
Shuttle Transportation System 



STS II 

SV 

S\W,(SW) 

T-III 

TACAN 

TARS 

TAV 

TBD 

TiC/0 

IDAS 

TDRS 

TDRSS 

TE 

Tempest 

TIS 

TM 

TP 

T-0 

TOs 

TPS 

TRAJ 

TS 

T/S 

TSM 

T&CN 

TTL 

TVC 

UART 

UDHH 

UDS 

UEXCV 

UPRCV 

UFRGB 

UFRSB 

UHF 

ULCB 

ULV 

UPRCV 

UPRCV(R) 

UPXCV 

UMB 

VAB 

VAFB 

VCl 

VCU 

VC2 

VHP 

VHMS 

VHSIC 

VIB 

VIP 

VLSI 

VPP 



ACRONTHS and ABBREVIATIONS 
(Continued) 

Space Transportation System II 

Space Vehicle 

Software 

Titan III 

Tactical Navigation 

Turnaround and Reconfiguration Simulation 

Transatmospheric Vehicle 

To be Determined /Defined 

Test and Checkout 

Tracking and Data Acquisition Satellite 

Tracking and Data Relay Satellite 

Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System 

BlectrJIiiSI^lc emission suppression for security purposes 

Technology Identification Sheet 

Telemetry 

Test Point; Test Plan 

Liftoff Time 

Transfer Orbit Stage 

Thermal Protection System; Test Preparation Test 

Trajectory 

Transportation System 

Test Setup 

Tail Service Mast 

Telemetry & Communication Network 

Transistor/Transistor Logic 

Thrust Vector Control 

Universal Asynchonous Transistor 

Unsymmetrical Dime thy Ihydrazine 

Universal Documentation System 

Unmanned Expendable Cargo Vehicle 

Unmanned Fully Reusable Cargo Vehicle 

Unmanned Fully Reusable Ground Based-OTV 

Unmanned Fully Reusable Space Based-OTV 

Ultra High Frequency 

Unified Life Cycle Engineering 

Unmanned Launch Vehicle 

Unmanned Partially Reusable Cargo Vehicle(s) 

ulZmied Partially Reusable Cargo Vehicle vith Return 

Unmanned Partially Expendable Cargo Vehicle 

Umbilical 

Vehicle Assembly Building 
Vandenberg Air Force Base 
Visual Clean 1 (standard) 
Visual Clean lA (sensitive) 
Visual Clean 2 (highly sensitive) 
Very High Frequency 
Vehicle Health Monitoring System 
Very High Speed Integrated Circuit 
Vertical Integration Building 
Vertical Integration Facility 
Very Large Scale Integration 
Vertical Processing Facility 



• « • 

Vlll 



ACRQNTMS and ABBREVIATIONS 

(Continued) 



VAD Work Authorization Document 

WBS Work Breakdown Structure 

VEM Water Electrolysis Module 

wees Window Cavity Conditioning System 

WSMC Western Space and Missile Center 

WCS Waste Conditioning System 

WSB Water Spray Boiler 

WTR Western Test Range 

XTKB Expanded Technology Knowledge Base 



IX 



••The BETTER is the enemy of the GOOD." 

J.R.Thompson 
Director, MSFC 

IMTRODUCTION 

Life Cycle Costs (LCC) of contemporary American launch vehicle systems have been 
significantly influenced by excessive operations costs. For instance, recent 
studies have revealed operations costs for the Space Shuttle program are 73% of 
the LCC. This situation has arisen from the normally accepted practice of 
designing launch vehicles for maximum performance, i.e., propulsion systems 
having maximum specific impulse and minimum weight (leading to maximum chamber 
pressure, maximum turbo-pump performance, maximum thrust-to-weight ratio, use of 
high-performance hazardous commodities, etc.), with operations and 
maintainability analyses performed outside the design process "after the fact". 
This approach unwittingly sacrifices operational issues for ballistic 
performance, and fails to emphasize criteria such as weight-to-orbit per year 
per dollar. 

As a result, after hardware is shipped to the launch site, the onus is on 
operations personnel to "make it work". Fortunately, the launch site has been 
quite successful in making it work, but the cost has been, and is, excessive; 
unacceptably so for any large-scale future space activities. 

This document is a recipe book for simplified ground operations that can result 
from application of concepts that compromise ballistic performance for 
"usability" and "reliable launch-on-schedule". It has been prepared for 
presentation to the Advanced Launch System (ALS), Phase 2, vehicle contractor 
program management and design elements during "roundtable workshops" sponsored 
by USAF/SD and NASA/KSC. Those contractors are Boeing Aerospace (Seattle), 
General Dynamics (San Diego), and Martin-Marietta (Denver). 

Principal elements of this book take the form of "Simplified Launch Systems 
Operational Criteria" (SLSOCs). The contents represent culmination of two-and- 
one-half years work on the Shuttle Ground Operations Efficiencies/ Technologies 
Study by BAO at Kennedy Space Center. During this study major ground processing 
time and manpower "tent poles" have been identified, quantified where possible, 
and documented in earlier reports. 

CAUTION; These SLSOCs cannot usually be "picked apart" or effectively analyzed 
lor program-level trade studies as individual items. Data are not available at 
the granularity necessary to assess each contributor to ground operations LCC. 
It is the context of the entire SLSOC spectrum that can, as an integrated whole, 
enable dramatic cost reductions demanded of the next generation launch vehicles. 
For instance, elimination of ground power, multiple facility, repetitive, 
integrated system-level testing, et al, cannot usually be costed as independent 
entities. Many of the systems addressed are too pervasive throughout the 
operation to be accurately examined for cost and time impact. 

Goal of the study in general, and the workshops in particular, is to expose 
creator/designers of the next generation heavy-lift launch vehicles to improved 
visibility of ground processing dependence on basic vehicle configuration. The 
prime message here is that vehicle systems quantity, complexity, and use of 
hazardous systems/materials have a profound (frequently unsuspected) impact on 
ground processing time, facilities, GSE, and manpower. 

Quantified Space Shuttle KSC ground processing data are used as baseline 
reference points for future design trade studies. The mode for presenting these 
data is the SLSOC. Tent pole-related management and hardware systems, addressed 
in these criteria, have been divided into six major criteria categories. Those 



INTRODUCTION (Cont-) 

categories represent the prime "chapters" of this document and are: 

o Management and System Engineering 

o Avionics and Software 

o Power 

o Structures and Materials 

o Propulsion 

o Facilities and Support Equipment 

;rthe SSy oJ rtL do'uLnt .i?h th, follovini, general for^t: 

SLSOC FORMAT 

o No£ (number) and Title; 

o np....ions Reouire.ent: A brief description of the desired element. 

lllllll ty e rpe;aarns)':ho:ing potential program enhancement in manpower 
reduction/processing time reduction, or material cost reduction. 

o Sa-Dle concept: A sample of the desired elemental change fulfilling the 

envisioned simpiif ication, 
o T..l.nolo.n. Requirement: Interpretation of existing or new technology 

necessary to enable the concept . 

« .. 1 D<.f»^onoea- The bulk of this document consists of more than 450 
° lliS?§-^i^i^ abstracts ^^He ^^eferences^ were 

err"e'^:xtrLre7usin 1 e ™' Ex^Ld^Slec^^^^ 

:utomatiJn to^l thlt'sorts and lists "secondary keys" by primary topic. 

nxAi nr references were extracted from various data bases, e.g., NTIS, INSPEC, 
etc^r^vH Dialog information Services, Inc., Palo Alto, California. 

It is recognized that designers already have co"?"^^"^^^^;^ J^""f "J^? 
c luJill^lri cities- nevertheless, they may find some additional useful 
abstrlcu! 'Kr ?ioU inter«Ua in the technology, these references present 
an overview of available documentation. 

° ^|J?f|?=^.etoX?al-hiU;trL.n:'U?^^ 

related conclusions • 

The six major divisions (or chapters, as noted earlier) |f| ^"^JJJji^J 

h" aiia/%r:^v;sr'in:;nj;;*i-i^ 5pMK?:;r:r'U'r xl 

design and ground processing promoted by this study. 




o 

z 

5 

a 

UJ 

at 

(0 








I 

• •• • 









<u 

00 



EXAMPLE: SIMPLIFIED LAUNCH SYSTEM OPERATIONAL CRITERIA 

x%xxxxxxxzxxxx%x%xx%xx%xnxxx%%zxx%xx%%xx%%xx%%xxx%xxxxx%%xxx^xxxxzxxxxxxxxxxxxx^ 



X 

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Ho: M4 Title; Life Cycle Costs 
Operations Requirement; 

Operations efficiency must be considered during concept development and 
design. 

Rationale; 

Ooerations requirements have been disregarded in the past because 
?hey are brought up too late in the design cycle to be implemented in 
a cost-effective manner. 

FOR EXAMPLE (FY-85 STS OPERATIONS COSTS FOR 8 FLIGHTS) 



SRB $464. 2M 
ET 415. 8M 
LAUNCH OPS 347. 3M 
PROPELLANTS 30. 3M 
GSE 24. IM 



FLIGHT OPS $345. 3M 
ORBITER HDWRE 162. 6M 
CREW EQUIP 36. 3M 
SSME 51. 6M 

CONTRACT ADMIN 17. IM 



SUBTOTAL $1894. 8M 

PLUS NETWORK SUPPORT $ 20. 4M 
RJiPM 27 4. 2M 

FY-85 TOTAL COST $2l6^.AM ($273. 7M ea.for 8 flights) 

Minimizing upfront costs multiplies Life Cycle Cost. 

Saaple Concept; 

. Do not sacrifice operational efficiency for vehicle performance. Build 

Vellte thrrough'anrrialistic life cycle cost analysis for Congress. 
! Emphasize Life Cycle Cost - not start-up costs. 
. Implement tools listed below. 

Technology Requirement; 

No new technology required, only further development and implementation 
of the proper concepts and tools: 

DEMING MANAGEMENT AND QUALITY TECHNIQUE 

ULCE (Unified Life Cycle Engineering) 

DESIGN/BUILD TEAMS 

MAINTAINABILITY 

SUPPORTABILITY 

DESIGN-TO-COST 

MANDATORY MTBF/MTTR 

Technology References: 

NA«iA RECON- ^Abstracts attached) 86X75319, 86N2B011, 86A42678, 86A42618, 
NASA RECON. (Abstracts JJ^J^ 85A45150, 85N30966. 85A42678, 84X78919, 

ltN31062 84N26962 84N24495 84N23330, 8AA15212, 83A43748, 
SSSos; 83M9l?i; 83A48334; 82A14787, 81N11907, 81A30295 



X 
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XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX 



STS-31 MANPOWER DATA - A DESIGNERS REFERENCE 

The following tabulation of STS-31 ground processing technician actual manhours 
is extracted from the Pan Am "Shuttle II Data Base" to assist system designers 
in understanding relative magnitude of systems impact on a contemporary American 
launch site. BEWARE: Listed manhours do not tell the full story! Several 
systems ,e,g., hydraulics, hypergois, and pyrotechnics, infiltrate overall 
productivity in a subtle, pervasive, frequently unsuspected manner. The SLSOCs 
in this document attempt to reveal the "invisible tentpoles". 

The data are for orbiter Atlantis, launched November 26, 1985. The workforce 

and skill-mix ratios represent normal response to be expected of any major 

American aerospace contractor to the complex and highly comprehensive 
requirements; e.g. system OMRSDs, safety, quality, etc., etc. 

TASK ORBITER TECH, MHs ET/SRB TECH, MHs 

LANDING - DFRC 5,A28 

ORBITER PROCESSING -OPF 39,037 

o Unscheduled maint. 2,488 

o Scheduled maint. 

, 00 Cargo reconfig. 

. 01 Qual. engrg. 

. 03 Integration 

. 05 Purge, vent & drain 

. 07 Mechanisms 

. 08 Struct/handling 

. 09 Thermal prot. sys. 

. 41 Main prop./SSME 

, 43 Reaction control 

. 45 Fuel cell/PRSD 

. 46 Aux. power unit 

. 50 Launch accessories 

, 54 Experiments/optics 

. 55 Pyro/range safety 

. 58 Hydraulics 

. 60 Eviron. cont./life 

. 66 Fit. crew sys. 

. 70 Guidance & nav. 

. 73 Digital sys. 

. 74 Comm. & tracking 

. 75 Instrumentation 

. 76 Elec. power dist. 

. 93 On-board software 

o Orbiter Shops 

o Modifications 

VAB INTEGRATION 

PAD OPERATIONS 

2 
TOTAL TECH MHs (No overtime) 72,193 

(1) Includes all Morton-Thiokol ET/SRB preps prior to orbiter/booster integ. 

(2) Tech O/T hrs. approx. 50% during critical opers.; net SPC effect approx. 20X 





(34,311) 




- 




3,336 




- 




1,020 




- 




186 




- 




656 




- 




1,611 




- 




2,932 




- 




10,636 




- 




7,012 




- 




1,288 




- 




248 




- 




416 




- 


' 


90 




- 




90 




- 




292 




- 




1,045 




- 




1,724 




- 




208 




- 




780 




- 




226 




- 




135 




- 




76 




- 




224 




- 




80 




— 




1,974 




- 




264 




- 


2,905 




2, 


,606 


24,823 




1*, 


^365 


72.193 




16, 


,971 



STS-31 MANPOWER DATA (Cont.) 

The above manhours are for technicians only. To interpret functional support 
manpower, i.e., total manpower, the following ratios existed and must be 
applied: 



SKILLS 



MH RATIO (Specialty/Tech) 



Technicians (vehicle) 


1.00 (Above MH data base) 


. Engineering (vehicle) 


.89 


. Safety 


.08 


Quality 


.38 


, Planning (PP&C) 


.22 


Support (test cond/mgmt, 




computer & S/W, facs, comm) 


1.85 


Logistics 


.53 


Overhead (all mgmt, admin, 




secur , business , subcon) 


.42 



TOTAL SPC HEADCOUNT CHARGED TO STS-31 - 3,460 (2 vehicles in process) 

TOTAL SPC MANHOURS CHARGED TO STS-31 - 391,631 

STS-31 ORBITER DWELL TIMES 

. Landing Ops. (VAFB) - 4 days 

. Orbiter Proc. Fac. - 27 days 

. Vehicle Assy. Bldg. - 4 days 

. Launch Pad - 15 days 



Total Cycle - 50 days 



CRITERIA SOURCES AND RESPONSIBILITT 

"Criteria" presented in this document are the result of comments and input from 
numerous KSC/CCAFS-experienced contractor and Civil Service personnel. The 
launch operations experience base goes back as far as Bomarc and encompasses 
applicable "hands-on" time with programs including Saturn S-IB, Saturn-Apollo, 
Spacelab, Apollo-Soyuz, and, of course, Space Shuttle. The concepts presented 
in these criteria are the sole responsibility of the principal investigators, 
and not necessarily those of NASA/KSC Engineering Development. 

At first approach some of the criteria may seem less than credible. Note 
however, that enabling technology limitations are included as part of the 
wri teups , e.g., much dependence upon a presently unavailable "gee-whiz" 
high-density electrical power supply. A large majority of the innovations do 
not require significant high-tech development, only acceptance of radical 
simplification of vehicle, GSE, ground operations methodology, and elimination 
of productivity-robbing hazardous materials. Repeated exposure to these radical 
(and sometimes austere) concepts is foreseen as a necessary precursor to gradual 
understanding and acceptance. 

It is a simple extrapolation from cost data in the above SLSOC example to 
realize that full, real cost for placing a pound of Shuttle payload in low earth 
orbit during the 8 flights of FY 1985 was $5500. This is a desperate incentive 
for America to totally overhaul (simplify) its flight hardware, ground support 
operations, and related institutional culture. The most fertile area for that 
overhaul is thorough integration of simplified launch system operational 
criteria with vehicle preliminary concept design. Prime goal of these workshops 
is to stimulate the radical, even unorthodox, thought processes necessary to 
achieve the 10-fold reduction in orbital payload delivery cost sought by ALS. 



APPENDIX 

Appendix • A, "STS-ZeR Fluids Consumption and Cost Data" presents commodities 
IZTeiliT 29"' IslV tVt ^-;'-^-n-to-flight" launch o? o^EJLr^^Tscove^y 
LOX LH2 do' ril i. n ^tended to provide designers a baseline of actual 

LOX, LHZ, GN2, GHE, hypergol, and other fluid expenditures. 

DATA SOURCES 

IriL«,'*-''"T* contains a variety of KSC Shuttle processing headcount, ground 
LJl^'ig^s^Jr^es?'' '"' "''''""' quantity/cost data obtained primarily 'frr^Se 

° hZ%] 1988^' ^^^^^ ^ ^^P°^^' Volume 6, "Circa 2000 System", dated 

. Appendix A "Headcount Estimation" - SPC work scope and 
headcount by WBS to the fourth digit. 

. Appendix B "Ground Processing Timelines" - Actual turnaround 
timeline data for 51-L by major work categories and related 
prime vork authorization documents (WADs). 

o SGOE/T Study, Phase 2 Report Addendum, Volume 6, "51-L Work Volume 
Indicators", dated September 30, 1988. 

o "SPC Bottoms-Up Manpower Reviev", NASA/KSC, dated June 1987. 

o "Shuttle II Data Base Development", Prepared for Teledyne Brown 
Engineering (Huntsville) by Pan Am World Services, Inc. (Cocoa 
Beach), - STS-31 processing headcount and WAD data by vehicle 
system, including actual technician manhours with skill mix ratios 
tor all major functional support areas, dated July 24, 1987. 

o Congressional Budget Office - FY 85 STS Recurring Costs. 



SUMMARY 

What can this document and related SGOE/T references do for program managers and 
designers responsible for the next generation of launch vehicles? If the 
concepts and "tentpole influence factors" presented here are applied with a 
vengeance during initial concept and preliminary design, the next family of 
ground processing facilities, launch pads, GSE, and launch vehicles will truly 
be a family, will have little semblance to contemporary counterparts, and will 
hold great promise of reducing repetitive lifecycle costs to a small fraction 
(yes, 10% !) of today's unacceptable values. 

"^he Management and System Engineering section presents a comprehensive variety 
of management and system engineering criteria necessary at the foundation of a 
SLSOC program to conceive and implement a majority of these "radical" hardware 
and operational concepts. There are 3 management (M1-M3) and 12 system 
engineering (MA-M15) items identified. 

o Criterion M4 addresses the exorbitant operations cost that are being 
experienced with the current configuration of the STS. Actuals from FY 
1985 document a total operations expenditure per flight of $273,7M (or 
$5474/LB) . Specific recommendations are made and technologies are 
identified that may be of use in avoiding these high costs in future 
systems. These concepts are support with additional detail in M5-M15. 

These criteria are the first steps in reshaping, and totally rethinking basic 
design concepts essential to major cost reductions. Many "sacred cows", 
managerial, hardware, and operational, must be sacrificed. Fifteen relative 
SLSOCs and 51 technology reference abstracts are presented. 

The Avionics and Software section presents experienced insight into related 
elements found to have highly significant impact on Shuttle ground processing. 
All of the items discussed here are related to ground operations vehicle 
checkout and launch sequencing. 

The original ,160 hour turn-around, allocation of 5 hours for 'Unscheduled 
Maintenance and System Reverif ication' and 24 hours for 'Orbiter Scheduled 
Maintenance' was in reality 753 hours and 1133 hours respectively for flight 
51-L (SGOE/T phase 1 final report volume 2 pages 14 & 16 )• The reasons for a 
large portion of this overrun are identified in this section. 

The criteria represent existing "real-world" electronics capability. Seven 
relative SLSOCs and 112 technology reference abstracts are presented. 

The Power section contains a primary keystone of criteria to achieving a truly 
simplified launch system. The vehicle must be as autonomous in its electrical 
power requirements as technically possible. Vehicle and/or individual systems 
"power-up" for T&C/O must be eliminated as a repetitious "big deal" event. 
Highly complex military and civil aircraft are powered-up daily without need of 
complex facilities, "control tower" interface, or related scheduling and control 
overview. Admittedly, these concepts are highly dependent on a non-existent 
"gee-whiz" power source and/or completely innovative operational design 
considerations. The need is real and pressing. One integrated SLSOC 
and 59 technology reference abstracts are presented. 

The Structures and Materials section beats heavily on Shuttle-style, delicate, 
complex TPS, and also goes to combat with productivity-interfering ordnance. 
All ordnance is perceived by responsible safety elements as a serious potential 
hazard and is accommodated with stringent, complex procedures and document-trail 
safeguards. Design alternatives to pyrotechnics include use of shape-memory 
metals (Nitinol), range destruct via external ground or aircraft-delivered 
weapons, and innovative stage separation automatically (and simply) initiated at 
engine shutdown and controlled aerodynamically during separation. These 



concepts are seriously, even if radically, proposed as samples of thought 
essential to momentous cost reduction. 

Four pertinent SLSOCs and 87 technology reference abstracts are presented. The 
following include quantified study data: 

n ^^or^^on <^'\ addresses TPS and includes a quantified exercise which 

f»AZ tL Dossibility of reducing the TPS-related Shuttle-equivalent 

S:Scount by fef people; a highfy significant, but unsurprising. 

conclusion. 

criterion S4 addresses Ordnance, and also includes a quantified exercise, 
o Criterion »^^«" elimination of pyrotechnic devices may reduce 

headcount Is therefore somewhat surprising. 
The propulsion section provides a variety of ""? .'°J. ^'"f ^^"5^°"' tnt 

?i::S«"ie§ SereSsesf or hydraulics, hypergols, and gaseous purge/pressurizatlon 

systems are presented- 

^i-iii^arn!-5rrhn^;^griei:rSjr2hiirrc^.sTfSsr^^^^^^^ 

following SLSOCs include quantified study data: 

Criterion P4 addresses flight and supporting GSE hydraulics. The included 
„n«nHf?^d exercise goes to some descriptive length to conclude that 
hvdrlilics systems creSe a pervasive, surprisingly large, "invisible tent 
Sle" A decrease in Shuttle-equivalent headcount of 37 people is shown 
and defined. Compensating headcount is included. 

rrit^^rion P5 addresses hypergol systems and related ground support. An 
extensive presentaUon of Spefations, GSE, and headcount is presen ed to 

iS-rdiJtisnrxosy^irfftientif^^^^^ 

is included. 

Criteria P6 and P7 briefly discuss gaseous purge and Pfessurlzatjon 
^vstems Data to quantify manpower, hardware and processing timeline 
imoact are no? readily available. Quantified data for a typical, current 
laSncJ are shown toVoduce a nitrogen and helium commodities cost of 
nearly $.9M for flight hardware support alone. 

all in the inSfest Sf increased safety, minimized area-clear exercises, and 
simpler (cheaper) facilities and GSE. 

Nine relative SLSOCs and 65 technology references are presented. The following 
criteria include quantified work scope and headcount data: 

rr4hoK4a L6 L7 and L9 address horizontal processing, horizontal 
° ?rii:^rt,iAd st;ge ereciion/mating at the launch pad. They are directly 
related, interdependent, and analyzed as a single entity. 

Prime feature of this scenario is the elimination of labor-intensive 

10 



crawler transporters and mobile launchers with the substitution of "dumb" 
transporter dollies (either rubber-tired or rail mounted) with stage 
erection performed virtually free by a robust, innovative mobile crane 
concept. The conclusion forecasts a potential Shuttle-equivalent 
headcount reduction of 104 people, yet includes headcount allowance for 
the new, radical alternative. 

Criterion L8 addresses the concept of a "barren pad" which possesses very 
few of the "normal" towers, gantries, swing arms, flame deflectors, water 
deluge/sound suppression, pneumatics, ECS and pad pressurization systems. 
The barren pad has only an elevated concrete apron, propellant farms, 
light /lightning arrest towers, stage-mounting/support butts, and 
deep-water exhaust-flame quench pond. The only vehlcle-to-ground hard 
connects envisioned would be electrical grounding, and lift-off type 
propellant QDs. Vehicle electrical autonomy (as noted elsewhere herein) 
would have the additional benefit of eliminating need for hard connection 
at the pad. Vented fuel gasses might be burned at the vehicle to 
eliminate the need for the usual extensive "vent-and-burn" farm system; 
admittedly requiring development of new concepts and systems. Or, 
alternatively, why not devise a simple cryo heat exchanger to condense 
would-be vent gasses in the tank? The imagination should not be limited 
to conventional solutions! 

Conclusion of the L8 work scope and headcount analysis predicts a 
potential Shuttle-equivalent headcount reduction of 224 people! Headcount 
compensation for alternate replacement systems is included. 

These simple, limited-scope exercises indicate a realistic (even conservative) 
potential reduction in Shuttle-equivalent headcount of 693 people by application 
of these few SLSOCs bearing quantified data. In summary these are: 

Provide robust TPS -162 

Eliminate pyrotechnics - 60 

Eliminate hydraulics - 37 

Eliminate hypergols -106 

Eliminate CTs & MLPs -104 

Provide barren pad -224 

This Is only one of several essential giant steps in the right direction. Those 
SLSOCs relating to management, document automation, PP&C scheduling and 
reporting automation, and the entire family of on-line, interconnected 
computer-controlled enhancements can (and must) enable equally dramatic 
Improvements in time and cost reduction. 

The launch systems LCC Iceberg has been attacked by the heat of SLSOC 
examination. The main body of the iceberg (multiple complex facilities, GSE, 
flight hardware, O&M Requirements, and many many people) is a large structure 
necessarily built to house a very complex. Interrelated, intensely managed 
launch system. It might be compared to a grand seven-story mansion, whereas 
SLSOC suggests a four-story condominium is adequate and cost-effective. 

"New- think" simplification and reduction of future flight hardware systems 
quantities and complexity, integrated with the simplest overall ground 
processing configuration, are the bedrock foundation of reduced LCC. 

In conclusion, although some of the attached SLSOCs will initially be considered 
overly radical, each is submitted as a serious example of innovative design 
"rethink" essential for the large , exceedingly difficult cost reduction 
envisioned by ALS (and mandatory for large-scale emergence of America in space). 
None of the concepts should be dismissed or ignored, as each, like a lone candle 
in the dark, can additively create the light necessary for a bright, affordable 
American space future. 

11 



12 



No: Ml Title: Procurement 



Operations Requireaent ; 

Government procurement must utilize a contracting mode that establishes prime 
contractors with sufficient system integration authority to define system 
(hardware and software) configuration requirements. This will enable 
cost-effective management for the total system architecture (including hardware 
acceptance and sub-contractor control). 

Rationale : 

Contracts that specify GFE, such as engines, and dictate detailed 
specifications rather than end product performance severely limit a prime 
contractor's ability to achieve the optimum design or manage the job in a cost 
effective manner. Most detail hardware specifications limit the contractor's 
capability to be innovative and cost effective. 

Sample Concept : 

Program level specifications should be developed only for the top level of end 
product performance and include profit incentives. 

Production contracts for systems /components should be placed under control of 
the prime contractor. 

For Example: The lunar orbiter .program was a highly" successful performance 
incentive program that operated under this concept. 

Technology References: 

SGOE/T Study Report, Volume 3, Part 2, 4 May 88. 



eAGE-al^lNTENnONAtiy bunk '^ 



jj^. JJ2 Title ; Design/Build Teams 
Operations Requireaent ; 

manufacturing, procurement, ground operations, etc. 

Rationalc t 

specialists in all functional organizations. 



Saiple Concept : 

engineering design during the definition and development stage. 

individual program requirements should determine its organizational structure 

not vice-versa. 



Technology Requireaent : 
Advanced teamwork. 



Technolofi f y References t 

SGOE/T Study Phase 2 Final Report. Volume 3. Part 2. dated 5/A/88. 

SGOE/T Study Phase 1 Final Report, Volume 1, pp.U-16. dated 5/4/87, 



16 



No: M3 Title; Deming Style Management 



Operations Requirement : 

Traditional compartmented management style must be replaced with Deraing-type, 
team-style management with integrated quality. 

Rationale ; 

In maturing over the past twenty-five years, aerospace management, both in and 
out of government, have succumbed to bureaucratic disease whereby the first 
consideration of any management or technical problem is how it will affect the 
"status quo". If the effect is negative in any way, the answers are often 
skewed preventing top management from making cost effective^ decisions. Top 
nSagement also suffers from biased decisions made to accommodate their "status 
quo". 

Sample Concept ; 

Computerized databases can eliminate need for many middle managers ^^o now only 
jrather and provide information for top management decisions. This will allow 
top managers who know how to effectively use computer tools to obtain data that 
is unfiltered and unbiased by middle management protecting their turf. 

Management culture must change to a more participative management style (a la 
Deming) without wasteful department barriers. This must take place both in 
NASA and contractor ranks. 

With a high percentage of managers in NASA and contractors approaching 
retirement, there is an unusual opportunity to accomplish the change. Care 
must be aken not to replace these retiring managers with ^^eir look-alike 
proteges or nothing will be gained. Selection of new managers should be based 
on their ability to make imaginative use of the latest management technology 
and who are not Ingrained with parochial viewpoints. 

The individual program objectives should determine the organization requirement 
— not vice-versa. 

Technology Requirement ; 

A total culture change in managerial techniques. Brain restructuring. 

Technology References ; 

"Managing Quality" Handbook, Boeing Aerospace Co., September '85 

"The Deming Route to Quality and Productivity", W.W. Scherkenbach 1986. 

SGOE/T Study Report, "SOCH Appendices", Draft dated 9/8/87. 



17 



Ho.; M4 Title: Life Cycle Costs (LCC) 

Operations Requirement ; 

Operations efficiency must be considered during concept development and design. 

Rationale ; 

Operations requirements have been disregarded in the past because they are 
brought up too late in the design cycle to be implemented in a cost-effective 
manner . 

FOR EXAMPLE (FY-85 STS OPERATIONS COSTS FOR 8 FLIGHTS): 

SRB $464. 2M FLIGHT OPS $345. 3M 

ET 415. BM ORBITER HDWRE 162. 6M 

LAUNCH OPS 347. 5M CREW EQUIP 36. 3M 

PROPELLANTS 30. 3M SSME 51. 6M 

GSE 24. IM CONTRACT ADMIN. 17. IM 

SUBTOTAL $1894.8M 

PLUS NETWORK SUPPORT $ 20. 4M 
R & PM 274. 2M 

FY-85 TOTAL COST $2189. 4M ($273. 7M ea. for 8 flights) 

Minimizing upfront program costs multiplies Life Cycle Cost . 

Sample Concept: 

. Do not sacrifice operational efficiency for vehicle performance. Build a 

truck - not a Ferrari. 
. Prepare thorough and realistic life cycle ^st analysis for Congress. 

Congress . 
. Emphasize Life Cycle Cost - not start-up costs. 
. Implement tools listed below. 

Technology Requirement; 

No new technology required, only further development and implementation of the 
proper concepts and tools; 

DEMING MANAGEMENT AND QUALITY TECHNIQUE 

ULCE (Unified Life Cycle Engineering) 

DESIGN/ BUILD TEAMS 

MAINTAINABILITY 

SUPPORTABILITY 

DESIGN-TO-COST 

MANDATORY MTBF/MTTR 

Technology References ; 

NASA/RECON; (Abstracts attached) 86X75319, 86N28011, 86A42678, 86A42618, 
86A21872, 86A10929, 85A45150, 85N30966, 85A42678, 84X78919 
84N31062, 84N26962, 84N24495, 84N23330, 84A15212, 84A43748 
84A30608, 83A49578, 83A48334, 82A14787, 81N11907, 81A30295 



18 



8ffl75319GSIHlHr83HPr|: i»«98546L SDjm.784 86An/0O 226 BCES UOASSIFI^ qu 

UTIL: in intecactlve life cyde oost m mM 

MB: A/Cn«R, U. 

OEP: ShBfs •Dadnical Gaita:, The Ha0je (Netherlarfs). MEC: 00 

MDB: / HAN HKHDE SESEEKS/ MMmWEKaL mas/ NnOH AIMCIE TFEfflY (IGMffiaffiHN (MflD) 

89EB0U# BSE 18 MGE 2976 QOHIICf 81 RPI»: ^^165520 a5/12AX) 148 PA2S INIASSIEIED EOOMNT 

UnL: QntxQllii^ Iife-<ycle oost: A nEnggenait per^BctlvB 

US'. M.S. Hisis 

^UH; A/RSESl, D. L. 

CCRP: Ifayal RastgcaduatE Sdxxd, Manter^, C&lif . ABOLNIIS 

SAP: mfCHAViCa. 

QDs iwnm srony 

M^B; / ^OBT EOTMIfflSy *BIN3flI3/ *LIPE OOE OBIS/ ^lixns^ 

MDB: / /Rfl) RHES (IMnH) SEKIES)/ aWHWfNT HOOiEBIiy mvS/ HOOTOfNT KUCT 

ABA: CBA 

^* 5i*^®^5* *^ *** ***^ ^ * ®™^ *^ <*^**^ ^* are 

eooncnic a dwwtag of a total cost naggemmt ptcgaa fix avjatim agxTt egudpiHit. Hk lesatdi tes dnn 
that rfey pxgan amffss are not fiiUy ocnnitted to msf^ life-cycle cost nr is it onsidaed early 
a»j5 in the pcooranait pcooess to inQusncs desist, lb infZDve ti» llfeKyde oost nonaiBit eCfiort^ 

2ff^LS^^i''°?i^^!3?S^'^°^^^ equdpHit! 

Moce qthasis dnild te pJaoed on tig ICT as a nere of otmnicatiig the Ifay^s oonoenB ^nut oonttoilliiK 
cost ad «^ inratiai stajld be provided to the ocntiactoc to be used in de«d^^ realistic oost 
esttotes. Finally, Ufe-qrele oost shxjM be elewited to the lewl of vidt-ptodbctiai cost, sdsdule ad 
[wfu i M iuB and nade a nendatocy source selection criterian. 

86flA267B»ISaE20RflGE2938aaHIFlf20RPnh AIM BftEER 86-1309 86A36/00 10 MES INlASSDm lOTiBff G^ 

UnL:ftsiffio£iiultikilDwttaRdetswithW^VDltaBB, fixad la«th, swlri caitrollai arc disdMsas 

AUH: A/am, G. L.} B/HIMFB, T. K. I»A: B/OJadniai, Ii«., Irvine, O) 

CaO: UjnH) SDDESAIM, ASB, SfiE, ari ASEE, Joint Ekopilslcn Qrfer«3e, 2M, OntsviUe, AL, JU» 16-18, 1S86. 

MAB: /^<rcmscH(WGES/'^«c JET HEMS/ *aGneiEsiav*NDmEF^ 

MDB: / /MIES/ CfflHIEy GftS Hfli/ MfiOEIC Eim)E/ HESSUE 
ifflft: OR. 

^ SL!" *"T ?S^' pac^ulariyinaRdicatlaBrelatBdtopctjpulsive plaaiqjets or ardets, 
rqfEesaits a coqiI« field. iSsiKts of early ar^det dB«lopiett drir« the perlol betSa^ 

19 



ttiSc into aotnnt tte 1 ro itodetftcgrao, art 

SS'^ Sfe^ :^^t " *^.^- ^.:!^!?:.!!.!!^: 

Um^ life Qidfi QBt DHthodolcsy fix siBce statlm ir^^ 

/lOH: A/MECSU C. J. 

MA: A/<MwdllhtHiHtiaBL0cKPMBDckEt4ynemvM(^ 

HCMSHN 



/Bft: Aithx 



and opetatioBl support scte. T*^"°ff ^S?^«nSxl«y is dBScStod with repni to nod^ 
j,o*SS, tra^pcctatkn, and c^a^^ and . 

smctute, asMpdcns *f J^Y^^^r^lfflSte^lSmtBi to application of the 

pccwddBd* , , 

8^ ISE 8 1«S 1325 QOfflro ffl WAXVO) 5 BGES In Hea IKl^ 
ura^ life qicte oast ari asBilahmty in BOltary aaOTSidfis 

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OD: HWIS 

BciLiipaiBxts Aenmiitiqjes. 

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iBA» G^ 20 



Si^ IS^H ^^^^^^Ai' R^ is considered, takir« into aoauit the <Sts fer stu«r^ 
dH^^piBit, aoydsitiai, and opaatioi. The relative eEfiect of the dlffetait paraiBtes is disouBsrfT 5e 
ocnoept of qpaatioHl arallabdUty is exploted, arri the diffaait fectoB fe^^ It^S^^ 

^^^^^„^^l^^ adch can be used separately anl joinay in the evalmticn of a wapcre^^ 

86M0a29»ISaElBfiCEe9CI!aHIFr66RPIl: AIM BSEHl 85-3066 85/lCKX) 6 EtfES INIASSIEIH) OXIlOff 

UtlL: Lqgistlcs GcnsideEatians for design s^iBas 

ami A/IiSEER, F. J. 

BftA: A/OfcCbmall Dbqjlas Astrcnautics Cb., St. loxis, H)) 

H^B: / ^OSr FHXmoV 'SESimiWIOSIS/ 'CIFE CSOE o^ 
MDB: / IBFHBE HIDGRAM/' EDEBIER AIKEAFE/ MESSnES/ aWSIWFT 
iSA: Aidn: 

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^fS^ ^Pjfc^^c^a^tandsdtedileasactlt^ lb help desigWafl^ 

to tfris na/ eniteis. this paper defines Ipgistlc siflm, d^crlte assocSrf costs fcc^S«^ 

now caU fir other ^fstaiBB«inaerirs expertise to optiiri2E tie fliHldesiffiQcnfigqratlai. 

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UriL: Ptodidhility Ek«inaecii« wd FOaming (IH»): Rtgran DBxeaiHit guideliiBS 
TLSt Final Report, Nbv. 1SB3 - Ote. 19B4 

^UH: A/iOHl, F. L; B/MUJON, a G.; G^GLfiS, a V.; IVaNCa, R. A. 
aFP:k8isticstteE8aiBit]iBt., BedBsfa, HI. SBJUms 

SAP: Bctca/irica. 

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ABA: OU^ 

stBTt of the progEa. and omduct a TO pcQgrai that hal«« dasi^^ pcoludhSSlS iworoS 

21 



2SOT^^^nr^3«»*«'^^^'*^'^^°P^^^^ 

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Uni. A Q»lHris<x, o£ ^ferioB life (^ cost Mrfds - in i^^ 

IttA: A/(lBff, Aviixd<s£i^taiBmv.,Vd8Jit-ifett^ 

OD: INCTED SHOES 

""• S 2l^4^?^S^ Ife. Yoric IHE, 1S84, p. 1287-1292. 

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22 



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Base m. VbhnE 6; Efeta base Hxbte/Madntenaioe/ItefiiiaiHit. User's nHnal 

TLSP: Tfedidcal Vepact, Jul. 1982 - Jan. 1984 

mm: A/HIBD, v.; B/EHOTS, L.; C/ffiPMPG, J.; IVWX), W. 

OEP: GnniiEn i^roEiBce Qxp., Betti^ge, N.Y. 

CK): Uinn) SDOES; ydj^t-^^ittsezscn AFB, Odo AFU^ 

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8«01D62» ISSUE 20 Rffl 3318 CaiHIICr 83 RPTtt: tD4iy<22Sl 84/03/00 15 KGES INlAiJUriia; DOOMNT 

UHL: liipcovins £iystBn affioEdafadlity 

mSBi k/SnSE, N. N. 

OBP: Itwal Sea ^stans Ocmnend, V^ehLngtcn, D.C. MSLMSS 

SAP: K/CQ/tFAOl 

caDs INCm) SDOES; Ptesmted at the Zlst An. Tech. S^inp. of the Assa. of Sdenoe ati Bgr. of the Ifeval Sea 
S^psteoE Gbnnand, teshingtcn, D.C, 1984 

wus: / i^casssnsjs/ *cDsr i^wasis/ *aH3icNiE HjDHflny ^ocwHNoir HcaiofNr / itnE cjrie oosk/ 

ja aaTAHnnY / *<a»D«pmg!Biy ^^CAFCN SSSIB6 

MDB:/ OMUnR GRAFBECS/ OBT HracnWEMSS' OBIS/ BDCraDE iSMOSIS/ 31®^ lanSOCS/ MfllNHNSKE/ MfiRDE 
IHBOflS/ CUttirr CQam/ SEFSnEELHE/VIKIERVEHinES 

/BA: (SA 

a^ This pefier is ai emMBaait of the eqHBJm of the tfay^s Staitani Haetnaik Modtde Pt^^ a 

largs note oim-dH BivB pnctan to be kncui as SfflP &r Stndaid Hsoxtate Aaqudsiticn & BeUafadUty ft ograiu 
Ihe ^Bpx is intaded to discuss tte factocs >hich in|Bct cost in all iteses of the pcQgizn^sUfe; a oamcn 
ssBe lode at viat rn^cc oast drlvEES ace, and vlat en be dene to ocntrol than. Ihe pixr wiU analyze 
staifacdizatiai, qwlity, teliafaillty, testability, ad rapalrahility vlth a look at their iniacts m Nawy life 
qide costs, ^^"^"i enfaeis will be plaoad ai the abiUty of standardizatiai pregtans toadopt nsf 
tednoikgies. In this day of increased costs ad rastrlctkn of finds, it is imaatiMe that wepois systans 
develqas tax^iize tls fidl iqact of their efforts en ovaall lifie qicle costs ad not ccnoaitiate solely m 
tlie dEMeLopiEnt {luse. 

840696^ ISSffi 17 IMZ 26SZ OBSEO^ 22 82/OQ/OO 5 BKS5 UmSSSFIED DOCUfiir DCAP BCI7D178 

uriL: Ihe life Qide cost of intepated logistic si¥P>^ 

HSOi A/FUREO, U. 6. 

OBP: Selaiia ^dustrie tesodate S.pJL, Bone (ItEOy). CSS: QbnL ^stas Div.) moums 

S^. ECAB/tViOLlhitsRivistaTec. Selaiia, \UL. 8, Ns. 1 p 1-^ (SE I64-269S1 I7-3Z) 

23 



wjSi / Mssc EFFBcnvsGSE/ ^^iFE csoE OSES/ ^TfXTsncs/ mjiosmji 

HD6: / FIN!NCIAL WmSWU mON HOCESSES/ SPiSE FtSIS 

tB5i SdxdaUjng of prcMentiMe naintafincae vitMn the gggaL ocntext of the life cycle oost of integrated logistic 
support is discussed. Ihe principal categories of sjppact oast are ccnsideced ail a pcooeduce of optimizing 
te total cost fix the cMaLLuatLcn of a fijibicntal Iqg^stic paranetecs is developed usdi^ IbxksN models. Ihe 
MBDlxnr appcoach allcMs te eanimticn of the finctlcnal relaticnshlps betuem Sfystan reliability, maintenenoe 
policies ail the costs of integrated Icgistic si|:port. Ihe life cycle cost of ttie Icgistic sjppact is 
optimiaBdi aid the results pendt a oortect cost/effirifixy scaling of he siffiort. 

8«QM95» ISSE 14 VfCE 22A7 OOSnS SI WH^t ffiB4B-6a[>^3^ 83/02/16 3Z HCES I^o^ in GEOm ad EMUS 
iNI^^SSmm DOOICNr OCAF BOiTOB? 

unL: Profitability i mauwiHi t of projects ly early ccnsideEatiGn of life cyde cost redbctioi 

tinSi A/MUMES, B. J. 

(XBP: Messeischidtt-BoelkDh^-HLchn G.m.b.H.y Ottobcuni (Uast Getnery). CSS: ( (htesudmastesxdch IbunfiEiirt.) 
tSBJLNnS 

SAP: ECXBAWXH 

CaO: (SMINf yMERAL BEEVBLIE GF Qxif . on Ges. fuer EtojektnoiagaiEnty Huiich, 16 Feb. 19G3 

MyS: / ^^ODSr REEUCEKN^ ^^CESDGN TO OEC/ ^INMC ROUS/ MIFE CSOE OBK/ * HOHT W«WB©ir 

mSx / THSSBN WKStG/ tFFIdBU/ FCLHECS/ HOXET EE»EI£RQIiy HOUCIECN M»«SfNiy HCOBCT FURmi 

fBta Ajttn:(ES&) 



iHBS: life cycle costs, semagt mlt fly ausgr cost, aid desigri to cost are deCinad. Etaogcam costs and progtan ptoes 
in tie life cyde costs of a systen ace pcesented. Ihe political dedsicn nekir^ in the producticn of public 
goods is 0{plainBd. Ihe main milestcnes ia and main activities dudi^ life qyde of a system ace pcesoited. 
The pacaneteES infliwiciig life cyde costs ace glMsn. 

8<NZ3aaOK ISSUE 13 BKS 2QG5 CKIEZEOr 81 BPI^ ^C^^OS^ 83/00/0) 6 BICES IKIA^ 

UEIL: A cost based aoquisitlcn planing model utilizing ecpert systan ccnoepts 

nSP: Final Report 

mm A/BmiSBlI, }L a.; B/BGEEERf a L. 

OBP: VHy Inc., Ebyton, Ohio. iHOLSHS 

SAP: S PSAAT iCO. In A F Busin ess Reseacch tfaneeanEnt Gaiter Itoc of the Fad. Acquisition Ite. ^np. with Ihaie 
p 202-208 (SEE (64-23293 13-8L) 

QD: INEIH) SDQES 

CSaEOEIS 
MD6: / OlfUIBl IHaOOES/ CBOSICN HMOIiy F^^ 
iffift: ikithQr(GRA) 24 



im: A nto-pcaoesar based caii«ter nnJel udllzlig eqpert systan oaxspts tes bam de^^ pcovide cost 
famed aot^tion plaidi^ infionnatlcn to the DOD aoquisltdai oonmnity. Tte nndel, oiled tOOL is a dbu 
driven lnyiiiy-teEiaonse systan ^teein (fjalltatlve aoquisitlcn ptoflle descriptioB ate oowertad, via eAedded 
tf^rltling, to cpentltatlvB qstan atritdsitlcn cost estirates in a MIL-SnM81A \fcdc Ek^dbm Structure 
fennat. Ihe cfado e <rf oie of tvo iipit ntxfes provides fix a tqa-dom (»xte A) estimte isiig (i^ six Wrii 
tewel iipit paraneters <r a botttHHp (Mtxie B) estiinate by diacacterizing Mch of 45 WS elaiHits fine tlie 
q^ston aajrisition. Bstirates nay be acamjOated ly sitsyston fiar large scale ptcgtaiB o^ total 

ptqgian and/or life cydfi cost estimates. The model has been ectdsed for owa: 70 DbD systen aoquisitlaB axi 
IBS provided reOatively accurate estirates for eOectrcnic oonputer-hased systas. It is aiticipated tint 
ocntiiued use aid ateMmmts of tiie model wiU inpxi^ the aitodded cKpertise in t^^h~i aoqudsitiai 
areas and will provide a readily arrpss ible and eaqr to use progran manEganait SLfpcct tod in the crltlcsa. 
area of £iystaii cost. 

84A30eOB*» ISaE 13 B8GE 1954 CfflffiCEr 62 RPIf: A3B PAEHl a3-lft/AEH)-ll CNTIf: Mfil-14700 83/11/0) 6 R^ 

unL: Cbniuter-assisted en^reesAng data base 

MM: A/OJE, R. P.; E/JGSQCN, H. R. 

EftA: B/(fioeive Cbmuter Sendees, Lr., Seattle, Vk) 

OEP: Boedrig QniutEr Servloes Cb., Seattle, fesh. 

OD: IMDH) SEfflES; AnErican Society of Mechadcal B^inaers, Wnta: Anal Heetii«, Bosttn, m, Ifev. 13-18, 1563. 
6 p. 

MIUS: / *AEBDffiflffi ETGBBKINy ^^IMPUIER AEH) IESIi3V '^fflJi BAS: mffCEiW£ SXSEIS/ 'BGDERDG fWWBffNT/ 
*lMaMa3INM!!N!ajfNiy*SBCESmiICNS n««*n:iw 

MINS: / CDSr ia*HUi\©ESS/ UPE CSJE CCSES/ IHILCnCN E^GINEERINy SPASEAFT EESIQV SXSIEM EFFHai«H«ffi/ IHR 
FBXnBEhBOS ^^ 

ABA: Aithor 

ABS: Gacral r a p flWIiti e s of data base aaBganait tectaolqey are described. Infooatitn requlxBiBits posed ty tie 
^ace station life (gide are discussed, axiit is asserted that data bne marecpait tBdixikBr sifportiiK 
eiprea±iB/teufacturii« in a hetaxgaieous haRtore/ data base nenBgEnnt systan awlroiiait shuld be 
allied to meeting these recfjireiEnts. Ttds^s cmnprpial systaos do not sati^ all of these requirBnaits. 
Tte features of a» RED data base nareganmt systan beiiTB dewioped to invwtiff^ tts 

a«UKniiB^Bnjfiacturiqg awironait are discussed. Features of this systan rcpcesait onty a partial solution 
to^ace station refdranaits. Areas \fare this systan should be extended to neet full scaoe statlai 
innxnation nanaBasnt requixanaits are ttianic^ , 

84A15212 EStE 4 B«GB 5Q5 QOHIRr 83 83/08/0) 5 RBES INIASS^ 

UnL: ReUabillty investnEnt ad lifie-cycle cost 

AIJIH: A/SBGER, J. K. 

BAA: A/(IockhBed-C&ai£Gaiia Q>., Burtxric, CA) 

OD: tnnmsIXIES; IEEE •ttaMCtias on HebabiUtyasai 0018-9529), vol. Rr32, A«. 1983, p. 29M63. 

MMS: / MXBC SUfHSIS/ *IWiE5PenS/ JJIFE CSOE QSTS/ *HrnrT mmrm m/ * i iWTAimTiv a oMygrg 

nan* n«d*i\* 

25 



ilBSt A 



^SSeSTfr^XS^^iS^t'jSSX^^of^^^ 

UriL: Adoiics huilt-in-test effiactiMenEss aid lifiB qydfi cost 
MBi A/EM/MO, C; B/BOaMHD, M. 
2tAi B/(GciiiinHi AEBoepaoB Gbcp. > Beth|B^, MQ 

OD. IMIH) SMB; tei^ili^tituteaEAeraBUtteariAstraaxdcs, Aircraft I^^ 
' MEetii«, Rrt\farth,TX,Oct. 17-19,1983. 7 p. 

MDB: / aJMeff MUABDin/ raw iMfOSB/ Kra^^ 
ilBft: Author 

partlaalady for artadcui'" 
lrnrovli« EH eEfiBctivaBSS 
(i.e., increase opecatiaBl 

a»«aM#ISaE23MBa3C»HXW81EPI»: AIAA BHR 8MAS1 aVlOAD ID BOS UOmFIH) DKIMNT 

UnL: life <5cle cost iMBgHuait - Ai fngtaear's vi« 

ilflB: A/!SrnEEEV» J« I» 

B^ A/(UBff, Awmidoal S^stHB Dlv., \fci«>it4fett«sen AIB, CH) 

CUhlNnEDSMB; /teri«i Ii«dtute rf Aercmrtlcs ari Astrtmitlcs, Ak^ 
lfcetii«, Ibrt«bcth,TX,Oct. 17-19,1983. lOp. 

MUS: / *PmWim M««ffl€Niy *IIFE OOE OBIS/ *V^ 

MDCt / Mmnior AncBAFT 



(l.e., increase opaatiaBL assessaUlity). 



iBSi 



suppocUility, aii qastiaB tsspritag the aDoantahlllty fir the fixture tndv. 



26 



83AA3748ISaE20BCE3066CKI!BGaor83RPIt: SfflE EftFK 1479 82ABAX) 17 EftGES INlASSIEiro nXlMNT CIFffll^ 
UnL: life cyde cost aiiplicatiaB to conceptual desd^s 
HUIH: MSBEBL, R. J. 

ma A/((iuniai Aaospaae Cbtp., Betti]^B, MOCK): IMIH) SEMES; Society of Allied Vfe^i B«ineeEs, Anal 
Qnfiomce, 41st, San Jose, CA, Me^ 17-19, 1982. 17 p. 

MUS: / *f;[frBarr ngnru / liTSianD COES/ mnEOm AIKPAFiy *LgE CSOE CPSES 

HII6: / OBr i»«a;BE/ HNIKNSL lESmJ SBOFioanaB/ ^^ 

AB^ M.S.K. 

ABB: A cacaiBtEic anpradi to a life cycle cost (LDC) model for gwenmait ndlltaiy aircraft aocjii^tiai aid 
opratioB is traaited. The prooedLra takes into aoooint the paiaifitas^Mch affect tie we^ts,petfDDnBnce, 
teUahility, axi dBsigi of tie aircraft, including aU opaations and affoct costs. Eragtam segmnts are 
defined for tie aircraft tedware, in-service cperatiaHl costs, and tie conpladty of the desiai "°^<^ 
SiziiK tie aircraft isiiK ooiputeiaBd tedmiques permits rapid ewaluaticns of tradeoffs betwem ^anoB 
laiuJMiue pataietas ari v*icle otxiflgutations. The UX irputs ocnprise oonsideBatiaB of cost aid desiffi 
^ted fectos, a«ine details, avionics capabilities, aid operatlcns, awort, and ndss iai 
fieatures-fetiiiBtiaB are also iraiB of inflaticn, the cost of borrwing, aid the tinriiK of fiiture dishirsanaits. 

82A1A787 ISSffi 4 ME 608 QOHaKr 81 SLtB/OO 6 P/GES IN1ASSIF3H) DOOMNT COPmSSC 

WLt IHS-ATbolfQc^BtenilifeQrelehfera^nEnt 

SHB: A/SfflIMN, D. L. 

BAA: A/Ofestin^ruse ELectric Qxp., But Mky, HD) 

(30: (MIH)SEKIES 

In: l«fflXN 1981; Ptooeadii^s of tie Ititloraa toospaoe aid Hectranics Qnfierenoe, I^rtm, (H, V^ 19-3., 1981. 
Voiaai 2. (AB2-14676 OMU) Nw Yodt, Institute of Electrical and Electrcnics DigineeES, Inc., 1981, p. 
903-908. 

MUS: / iOMUnR SBIHB HOIWfi/ ^OOA BAfflS/ ^ClfflA Mfl^^ 

MII6: /(xiiBnmssmiBiisniU(Dffsiisa2EDSDuma^Tsam£a 

ItAi B.J. 

iSS: state-of-the-art innLaieitatlons of ccnpiter softwre, knam as data base mena^nBit ^Btans (IHB), nw offer 
the potaitial to effettl'wety imraBB a variety of loistlcs-Eelated data. This paper traces the ewolutiai at 
(fata^maiBit, lBBdii« to tie craticn of EBB, aii the applicatiai of IHB in logistics^^S^al 
Vfastdi^nuse EHB ^idicatiaB in kgistlcs and I£C are disossed, including the use of the ^/stm 2D0O EW to 
F-16 (fata ail tie tse of tie TME IBS in the Uestine^nBe Electrcnic Bepair Oantar. 



81NU9Cf7# ESUB 2 ME 277 OaHncr 81 801/07/00 15 KGES UOASSIEIED DOOM^ 

UTIL: DBsi0fi to life cycle oost research 

MJOi MmSJS, P. T. 

aSP: Boeii« AGEOEiaoe Cb., Seattle, Uash. mSUifnS 

S»t BCA15/Jff/flllhiGOTDBsijptoOostandlifeQicleQostl5p(SBEia-1190ece-81) 

C3Dt UtnED SDQES 

27 



MUS: / ^ODSr ESnMOES/ ^UFR CKXE (JJBES/ ^fEISnES/ mOOOXIW H/IKING/ 4VALIE ENIDGERDG 
MDS: / AnrRAPT tMUgmy/ mTNiroaNipy ffimrmrN iMftiyyay; Trnwrryig::/ waptw: imvmrr 

PES: Design to lifie q/cla cost reseeoxh applied to the area of Icgistics systms is discussed with a lock at Mstocy 
data fior typical ai ioaft systens. Dsfidaries in systms qjecaticns and support are idaitifiai aii 
described. Metteds of assessiJis the oost, ridc^ and pcqgcam affilicatiai are discussed. Areas of ei|i^ds, 
cost drivecs, and ttetr infBcts are dxMi. It is deteminBd that sa:^ deEldencdes in the ounecship of systens 
do not relate to pccgtan plans. Besoluticn ly future tednilqgy ad^^noes nust be ained touerd eLindmticn of 
oofiouer, nata^d^ and pcogran causative factors thcoMgh research of IcgistLcs sdb^stmBf i.e., irfipectLast 
material distributiait people use, and Ingistics netuodcs* 

aiA3Q2g5» ISSIE 12 EKE 2Gf?0 QCIHIKr 81 80/^^ 

UEIL: Ihe siffiLfiicance of cost in the Air Fbcoe Acquisitkakgistics DivisiGn 

tUOi A/MDC3!RIBf , J. R. 

WAX A/(IEAP, Aoquisitiafi Ingistics DLv., Vd^t-I^ttecson AFB, CUo) 

CE)! INEIED ynvynffg 

In: NABDOI 1980; RxrmtinBJS of the IbticnalAanoGpace and ELectradcs GGnferaioe, Daytcn, Chio, »fegr 20-22^ 1960. 
VohMB 2. (A81-3Q226 12-04) Hbf Todc, Institute of Electrical and ELectrcnics B:^ineers, Inc., 1980, p. 668, 
669. 

MMS: / ^KXKT ESmfflES/ *LIIE CXOE ODSTS/ *l£XaSIlES/ ^WIZDSY AHOWFiy ^WEAPON SSSIHtS 

MINS: / AtRBAFT MUNIH«aCE 

ABA: (kjthx) 

ffBSt The Air Fbcoe Aoqjuisiticn kgistics DLvisicn yas oaqg^ndzed at Wds^t-ikttBscn Air Fbroe Base stout tiiree jiears 
ago. It has tuD basic ndssicns - inpoufrirg te opecational readiness of the IMted States Air fbroe ail 
reduciiv the life cyde costs of Air Farce veapon s^ystans. Accurate ocsst estimates early in the life cycle of 
a Mcofoi system are requdred if the necessaiy infiopnatiori is to be agaiMiLe for iM^jBim t dedisias vhLdi 
vUl lead to the reductiai of total costs. 



28 



No.: M5 Title: Design to Cost 



Operational Requirement: 



Assure that adequate Design-to-Cost budget is allocated to operational 
considerations such as maintainability / supportability. 

Rationale: 

The history of previous programs is fraught with Life Cycle Cost extravagances 
casued by inadequate front-end budget considerations for operations related 
design. 

Technology References; 

NASA/RECON: 8AN19129, 81N29023, 81N11907 
DoD directives 5000.1 and 5000.28. 
See also M4 (Life Cycle Costs). 



29 



89091291 ISSUB 9 RACE 1396 CRESXFY 81 Km: iV^AL36QQO CNIf : DAgQ3-8Z-&Q339 83/10/03 36 &CES UGASSmED 
DOOlBir 

miL: ^stBD eogjixTBSBdiig nenagaiBit giuide 

aSP: Ixxidieed Ffissiles and S^Boe Oo., SUiQ^vale, QQif. 

CSS: iSpBCB Sf/stmB DLv.) A7AIL.NEIS 

SAP: mmAviai 

QD: UinED SEKEES 

HII6: / COEIQEAEECN »«9«GEieQy CESIQI ID 0061/ UFE CSOE COSES/ LOGISEECS/ t«NLEO(BIIG 

AB5: Ihe pcbnaty objectiMe of this Guide is to pccvide a woddi^ fiaodliacity vith ^sten EhB^inaeriis IfeneBanatt. 
^stan Ek^gixioariJiK has gadxied lixifHsing attention since its reocpxiticxi fioUcMifig ^btld Uar n* This has beai 
stimilatfiri ly tlie incxeasii^ cost afd tednical ccnpladty of deMeLopiEnt aid acquisitian prcgcans* Scne of 
this attenticn is no doubt due to large prcgcam failures ^hidi possibly oould ha^e been aR^dded, or at least 
ndtigettedt throMgh the xjse of Sj/stan B^gineerixs* In todays acquisition oidrcnnEnt it is not suffidait to 
affitly only basic o^gineeciiig pcindpLes* The oonfiLexi^ of a modeni nejor ^eapii system cecjuii^es ocuscious 
. ai:iilicatlon of ^stea B^gkieeriiig principles aid ocnoepts to asure pojdiirihle, qpprah1e» and suifxrtahLe 
systBns that satisfy nriwhii ccquireiiHits* Hie Qiide covecs the devolopnent of a sjystBn front inception to 
opetational depLcjnEnt and use. It is divided into five modules: S^stan B:iginBeriis Managanent; System 
Definition; GbnfigUEaticn Dsfiniticn and (fenBgencnt; Dadiiical RaLfmHmoe i^chievanait; and O^BEatiGnal 
Feasibility. 

aiIC9023» ISSUE 1 9 KGE ZTU CfflBUffaiFm: A3ffl5W»-lfi5 iaN-92-^35-1387-^ iiDnAlDlW 81/05AX) 30 WCES 
ISaJSSEFISD DOOMENT OGRRESr Report previously amomoed as (61-119QZ 

UEH: D^sigi to oast aid lifie cycle oost 

tuai A/mm, V, E. 

OBP: Mdsory Gkop for i^eroepaoe Research and DBnekpnent, Naxilly-Sur-Seine (Fkafxae)* 

CSS: (Flis^t Medaiics IteelO /SiKn^JinS 

SAP: fCKQ/WMJl 

dD: t fiiiwi SDQES 

M^S: / MDOtAFT WaOEHW CQSIS/ ^CDST VBJXISN/ ^MESDGN ID OOSiy -^UFE CSOE OGSEE/ ^SHIEBCKnilB 

MENS: / OCNDUCmCZNEIVES/ OOST ESIIMKIES/ QCKERIOIiyiNXEro S2SIEM5 QGDESOIG 

iBkt AJLtL 



AB6: Sumaries of the papers deli5ffired at the sj/nposiuiit an aooouit of the dosing round table discussiGn, and m 
extensive listing of cynrli,fe1ai^ and iw k huh riaticns in the area of design to oost and life cycle oosdnB are 
presoited. Ihe sessicns OGMered: (1) life cycle loethodolcey and its relaticn to relaticn to specifiGaticiB 
and reciuiieiHits; (2) inpact of life cycle costs analyses cxi total systan desigi; (3) cost ccntrol of 
opecatlczis ad sipport; and (4) life cyde oost of subGystans ad conpcnaits* Ihe papers deUvered at each 
re listed* 



30 



8Ml3Cf7| ISSE 2 Bflffi 277 QflHJFT 81 8C^tF/a) 15 MES IMIA^^ 
UIIL: Dssiffi to life csfcle ocst tseatdi 
Uffl: MMiaCN, P. T. 
OBP: Boedps AeDD^aoe 03., SeattOe, fesh. AVAILNnS 

sftP: KAl5/^F/allh/GOT^tei^,toQ«axiIlfeQ^cbstl5p(aE^m-llgo^(^^^ 
OD: umsDsnass 

HMS: / ^OlET ESEMflEy ^LDE cm OBIS^ *Ifl^^ 

MINS: / AJHOMFT imBIRY/ MHraaWlB' HCTOIW 
ABA: E.OJ(. 

do not relate to ptqgran pflaB. Resolutiai ty future tedixS SS^S^JLt^^^ 
naterial disttlbution, people ik, ad icgistlcs netwods. ^^ ^cgisacs ateystans, i.e., inqpectiois, 



31 



No: M6 Title ; ULCE (Unified Life Cycle Engineering) 

Operations Requireaent ; 

n^ift^A life Cvde Engineering (ULCE). This is a design engineering 
^nvironieif in which computfr-Lded design technology is used to continually 
environment ;" '^^^JJ"" P^ity ^f a product during the active design phases as 
^^^ « ?hriSut its entire life c?cle. This is accomplished by integrating 
Z^ optii^z^nf SLS a'ttr?butes for producibility and supportability with 
S^sigJ attributes for performance, operability, cost, and schedule. 

Rationale : 

cost and schedule. 

Saaple Concept ; 

Implement Unified Life Cycle Engineering (ULCE) system to provide 

birth-to-death unified design environment. 

cintrX .iSlon/rLge support, tiijh. readings reviews, resolution of 

in-flight anomalies, etc. 

Technology Requirement : 

Continued development of ULCE. 

Technolojffy References : 

SGOE/T Study Report, "SOCH Appendices", Draft dated 9/8/87. 



32 



No.: M7 Title: Risk Management 



Operational Requirement: 



The unmanned ALS program requires compliance with a non-emotional, 
veil-engineered risk management program. 

Rationale: 

Trying to provide a "zero-risk" launch program is like dividing cost by zero. 

The emotionalism and overreaction to the loss of Challenger, has impacted the 

STS program far more than a logical risk management program. In addition to 

the two plus years of manifests that were lost, future vehicle processing time 

has tripled from the pre-Challenger goal. 

Launch readiness decisions must be made by technically qualified managers based 
on a disciplined test and qualification requirements compliance database. 

Sample Concept: 

Effective use of the Design/Build Team concept which utilizes the knowledge and 
experience of all disciplines should contribute significantly to an effective 
risk management program. 

Use of the Unified Life Cycle Engineering (ULCE) concept will provide the tools 
to follow through on the risk management program. 

Vehicle systems that are fault tolerant and closely monitor health of avionics, 
mechanical systems and structures. 

Technology Requirement: 

Stringent use of the Design/Build Team concept. 
Further development of the ULCE modules. 
Fault tolerant avionics 

Comprehensive vehicle health monitoring system to include avionics, mechanical 
systems and structures. 

Technology References: 

NASA/RECON: 84N19124 

See also M2, M6, Al, A2, S2. 



33 



84II9124» ISSIE 9 IM2 1397 (XmilV 81 Fm: A&^aa6230 831/07/15 29Z B!GES INli^SSIEm 

UHL: Haneganent of risk ad insertainty in systens aoquisitlai; RjonRBtings of the 19B3 DefenBe Si^k afxl 
Ihcsertainty Uodc^iop 

MM: A/WnUMfS, R. F.; WOEOk, R. D. 

OEP: Defense Sf/stsss hfanagaiait School, Fort BeLvoir, \Jk. A\SAIL.NnS 

Sff: BCaZAffOL 

OD: IMDED SKIES; \fadcsirp tcOd in Port Belvoi^ 19B3 

MiNS: / An nsmav oosr esedkos^ isEt^ hdgemm/ ajJEOimn: HOOFEifNiy ixxasncs/ mas/ Tssaas 

ASSESSSENT 

AB&: (SA 

i!BS: Ihe gEnscal obrjectives of this ^xxJcshop \f30B to rqport on state of the art tedidciUBS and ewchEr^ infioonaticn 
en ri£k and uncertainty within tiie DEfBrtment of Defaise I^nel Sessiois ccTveced these topics: methods and 
models; buc^gethig and ocntcacting risk; ocBiuter aids in rtprisicn makiif^ maiBganent viB/ of aoquislticn 
ri^ behavior undsr risk atxl inoertainty; rl^ aieOj^sis; ad^^noad theaty; aid issues in risk and 
inoertainty. 



34 



No.; M8 Title; Reliability / Operability 

Operational Requireaentt 

To provide a vehicle with adequate system availability, resiliency, and 
schedule dependability to eliminate schedule impact and resulting process cost 
(i.e. manpower and overtime). 

Rationale; 

The processing history at ETR and KSC of both expendable and recoverable 
vehicles support this requirement. Included below are typical items which 
surfaced during Phase 1 of this Study. 

Saaple Concept; 

1. Launch vehicles must be designed with very large performance margins and 
system redundancy: 

. To allow operation well within design margins. 

. To ensure mission completion despite hardware failure. 

. To require less pre-launch testing. 

2. Systems and components must be simplified and ruggedized to reduce failure 
modes . 

3. Performance margins must be increased and more extensive qualification 
testing performed to increase MTBF. 

4. Designs must include status monitoring features so that system health can 
be easily and quickly determined. 

5. Performance must be completely mapped as a function of time-in-service so 
that maintenance and replacement can be planned to minimize operational 
impacts. 

Technology Requireaent: 
None 

Technology References; 

NASA/RECON : 86X70507, 86N28011, 86N24579, 86N21425. 86N20054, 

86A22393, 86A22391, 85X72180, 84N23813, 84A15215, 84A15212 

SGOE/T Final Report, Phase 1, 4 May 1987 



35 



86K?0GO7# GKIHZICr 3B RFFt: ^I>a]94246L ifl>{9Q0490 lEACSB^-6156 85^^ IE GJf 

fCEtnSS 

unL: HethodolQBy investi^ticn q£ BAMSKT (BpHahfility, Availability, Madntainahility Statistic Aalysis "fednique) 
fiBBsibility studbr 

US*; Final Report, Apr. - Oac. 19B4 

ami A/SANGXDCnE, V. P. 

OEP: Acsy Cbcribat Systsns Ttet Activity (RxKdsiciBl), Abecdeai ftcTdi^ Qxuxl, Md. (fC: 00 

QD: INCIUD ^^iwry; 

M(US: / MIR EHH^/ t^OOA iSOinSiraN^ i**ffiS^ / ^"iflaSEES/ ^WLLfflHHY 

it¥iSSIS/ ^iBJJBSBWES 

mEt / AVAIUSELIT!/ ODUHHIIN^ ^MNIMiABIIIIY/ TSUDIBS 

89I2Bail# ISSUE 18 BAGS 2976 CtOBIEl 81 BFH: iU>Al6S520 85/12/00 148 BAGES IKIASSEFIH) DOOlCNr 

UEIL: QontroUiiiE lifie<ycle cost: A ncnagaiEnt perspectLvB 

nSP: M.S. Thesis 

MJBi A/RROR, D. L. 

OEP: Nan^ PostgcadtBte School, Mcntec^, QiLif* AVAIL.NEI5 

SAP: KAOfZ/MPAa 

CD): INnroSIKIES 

MyS: / i<J3B£ ESDMHES/ ^DOIMCS/ ^»1IEE CSOE ODSE/ MCCTSTICS/ ^^OBSamj * HCOBBOir JMWafNT 

MDS: / mB) FORES (INdED SOOES)/ OXEEtmS HDOBEMENiy NIIVI/ BROOBBBO: FGLO 

ABA: GRA 

AGS: The objective of this tesds is to eaidne the obstacles \Mch ace pccMenting the (buy fxm cealiziis te full 
eocmnic adsoitEfge of a total cost DEnaganait ptcgtan fior aviation sqpport equd^ment* The i Tiopq trh hgs sixMi 
that Ifayy pcQgcam mnegscs ace not fiOly ocmnitted to rmegfrg lifencyde cost nor is it cosidaed ody 
cntxc^ in the pcoaasnent pcooess to inOuenoe desiffi. Tb inpxK/e the lifeKyde cost mereeBnBit eEEort, 
cxistbiS p o^c i e s ad pccpvikcns included in WD Directives should be afiplied to aeviaticn sunxzt ec]uipiBit. 
More erfhasis should be placed en the BFP as a meens of ccnnuilGatins tis tfeny's ccnxnis dbout ccntcbUiis 
cost end adeqiBte infioDiaticn shcuLd be provided to the contxactcr to be used in devciLopiif^ cealistic cost 
estioBtes. Finally, life-cycle a}st diouU be elected to the level of init-ipco^ schedule ad 

pecfiociBnoe ad made a nendatoiy source seLecticn ccitericn. 

80045791 ISSLE 14 BAGS 2396 CnHnV 83 RPr»: i«>^afi2204 8SAB/20 42 B£ES INIASSEFIH) imMNT 

UTIL: IniBCt of Reliafaillty/Itaintainafaility O^/M) <n Ic^gistics osts for USftP aircraft 

AUH: A/SEOO, A. J.; B/iaOHM, J. 

OEP: Dspartment of the Air Force, Vfashipgtcn, D.& ifiSOlMNEIS 

SlPi KAGB/IPADl 

CDD: INHB) SEKIES; PcesenDed at the 19th Amual I)E|BrtnBTt of I)sfisBe Qost Aml^ Leesbucg, \b., 

17-20 Sep* 1985 

36 



I«US: / ^ KnifflB. *MfiCiy ^OnsniS/ *!(» 0DSI7 .^^ 
MttB: / mBODODOS/ \EfIW S5BIH6 



ABA: CBA 



alrciaft in t«^ of 3c«isdcs si«m oosST Tte ORs^^^SiS^ S^l?^ "^ "* 

le«lasoip»BdtDthesiiBystanlrOTixnmtlwel.^^^^^ ^^^^^ 

"^"Sk^ "" ''^ IfflZQflmFfaiRPIf: H1^158ffl478686 8M»AD35lR,GB INI^iSSinH) imiBff ^ 

UnLiBiasBdndssim analysis (rfinaintainedsystens. A stufer in reliability axi ride aalysis 
AUIH; A/TEBPSm^ K. 

OCBP: Nethedands Bnac^ ResBEOxh Fandaticn, Itettai. ABflLJES 

SAP: BCAie/lf^^ 

OD: fEIEEBUVCB 

MfUS: /*MflINmiSKE/ ^MISSKM H^^ 

'^^^ ^oS^®^ '™™' FAIIIEEi»«OSIS/MAlNIAIMfflI^ SRWEE LIFE/ SEIffi 

ABA: Aidnr (ESA) 

s3Ste tite JS»^^te*s^^22S^^ I«sihle to 

^TlT ^7^^^^^ ^ siysten nsnaor nxm that of the ccDocrent b^Bvirr As a naiit ^^JZ^.^^^ 

^????!^"?.^««^?5f=^ 

8M0GM»IsaEK)F«GE1658CaiHIRr66RPI»: iSD^aSMO) AFn/GUWayBSS 85^AX) ^ 
urn. to^Iqrii^ scm:e sekctiai e«lmdm crltato 
TlSh M.S. Iteis 

mms A/mmt, a e., jr. 

aW:Airftrcel«t. of Tfech., ydght-fett^AFB, (hio. CSS: (Sd«a of ^^ ari L^isdcsO iflMUlIB 

SAP: vctoi/wtca. 
QDi wnmsnavR 

MWS: / ^MflMfflMmilK/ 

MDB: / Omrott/ DfflA BASES/ QDISNfNr Hraraf^ 
ASA: Aithcr(GRA) 



37 



gdectlai criteria and staibrds for reliaUHty ^djaii^i«^^ aovisltiai o£ 

^Japn^tenniBthe^lletDiHArawithccrsist^ ^ 

indntalnabillty. 

UnL: StBQB staticn reliahtllty 

irnti MSSDBOL, C. R.; aWMK, H. J. 

ms B/OiridBBiMissilesaidStaDBCbM 3i«iM anyvalfi'C^) 

(3D: mnmSDOES ,~.wrK 

MBR / iWKNM/ IBBIV UPE CJOE QBE/ Hlffl^^^ 

ma Aithoc ~ 

soaudtn Is *om to lie betMam the ectiBiES o£ tte teuaom 

a6A22m# EM 8 Bffl !« QflHIFr 3B 85AX)AX) 7 RfflS llO^^ 
urn. Hdatii« fectocy «i Add teliahillty ail nBlntai«^ 

/Um: A/MMXIUCHID, P. R* 

mx A/(USfiP, taBAteDB^QcpKntOaita:, QdfBsstfB, MO 

OD: UfflH) SIfflES 

MDGt / MUBIRW- HiMS/ lOaSlBS/ Miff 

o(ntiactualtoopacatiari(aiivlcB^««)BJMiHiaM 

'i^''^7^^^^ P3««.8^0«,718MIZAX)125«flS 

38 



UEIL: BeliahiUty/iiBintaiiiahility opeBatUmL paraneter traislatiai TLSP: HiaL Tbdnical texrt, 22 fbr. 1982 - 21 
Sep* 1983 

/Uffl! A/HftlL, R. CL; B/aBEIIIR, R, C-; (ySKKE, J. V. 

- QCRP: Boeii« teaxspsce Cb., Seattle, ^fetsh. 

GEO: INUHD SEMES; GfclfHs AFB, N.Y. RffiC 

MAJS: / ^OMRACr MfiNSGaeoy '^IBCIHMC HJIUMNiy mJIGMWOin/ ^ffBUmiH / ^iBjmStBUS/ ^SCNMre 

MDB: / gjtJiBPa s/ DDEHMiNr ViSiaMaiES/ LDGisncs/ mvfis/ mastitsnctL MULS/ MniESff (SEBgnas/ 
WBtiEsazgnav Ejnmc/ hsdecxdons/ sssieks w^c^afNr 

MC3813* KSUS 14 PiCE 2137 C«IB3E3r 38 RET*: ^©40^48 83^11/0) 3 PitES INlASSn^ 

UnL: Reliability in space: frcpsn manager and user ahcmFrwgg 

^Um: A/mJ^SN, A. J. V. 

CIFP: Nartli A nEricai Air Dgfimse Qmcnd , JBtBrgcn AFB, Cblo. 

CSS: (l^^stem CbntroL Ddv. ) AVAILNnS 

SAP: ffi KPAf tOl IhfF tcadast/ Ptoc. of the 1983 Sj/ap. en MQ. *»ano Oannui. axi Cteatlcre p 33-35 (SE 
1»W3809 14-32) ^^ ^ ^ 

CID: INEIED SEfflES 

MWS: / ^KIMIMiCanEN SfimiHES/ ^"MILnMff CHERftnOB/ ^FROHT rWWSfNI/ * RELEftHHHY HdMHOlC 
MIN5: / HJDGEnNG/ EESKW iWftlffiES/ UFE OKIE ODSES/ MfflNIENttCE/ OKLHY dMRO/ IHR REOIIREMNIS 
ABA: Author 

ABS: ^3ace s^ystens aid satellitK oomunicaticns are new a reality, is tine qrstans beooiE ncce inport a it to our 
"Uitaiy ndssicns, w nust ensure w hawe reliahle equiiBHit. The role of reliability is not jim the 
re^on^adlity of the project rdiabdlity enginBer. The prggcan wanegao and the user nust uidacstsnd tte 
inportance of the reliability pcqgcaiL The de6%iBEs aid users nust have a nutual u n dastaili ig of tte pccgcan 
goals. If the engineer is the only one Oio can uxJerstaii the system, the user will rot egree it is Oat is 
needed ad the prqgran nafEger vill not s^iport the brdii^ requirenBit. 

84A15215 ISSUE 4 BflGB 505 CMHncr 83 83/Oa^ 6 BflGBS l^^ 

UnL: Reliability oost estimatiGn - (fenggerial pecpectives 

tUmt A/IB3ULIISI, T. L.; B/OFJA, Y. P. 

BAA: A/iQxdyBBOC Aerospaoe Carp*, Qcxx%/ear, AZ); B/(Manitoha, IhiMersity, Wndp^, CkBcfa) 

ODx lOTIH) SCMES; I^ Tkasactions en ReliahLlity (ISa« 0018.9529), yoL. R-32, Ag. 1983, p. 276^381. 

MMS: / ^aE£ ESmifflES/ *LIIE CSOE GEES/ ^^WNEHNfflniTX/ ^HBHimT iWttJSE / *SIKnsniC»L HSIRIBUniNS/ 
ASSSIStS SDlIAnCN 

HUB: /GMUraEH) SMlAdOV MfiNfiQEJfNT RJtmC/ }WEBKn£tL}nnS/ HRFDRWCE HHIKHEN/ wr mnnriv 
imORZ/ HOOEEMNT rWIKBENr 

mi kxAoc 



aSB: This paper deals with selectai sauroes of inoertainties associated with ti» reUahdlity related life <ycle 

39 



(ssts am SHE of the fectnts r«pcisiUe fine viioertainty in reliability cost estiBBtiai are identified ad 

SsoBSBd. A practical anratli to tlK IK of Beta distrdhiticn in estinatirs tlK reU^ 

within tiK im&indt is dBtailad,ari is illustrated usdi« a Iwothetical eaiiJe. Ih^^ 

relidiillty rdated ICC require better understanding of sources of associated uicertainties aid ttf^Jf™ ?^ 

teUis fflriUcitly witii than. Hmerous distrlbutiaB cai be used fioc nodelii^ of cost variates berides tin 

Beta dainnstotBd in this papa:. The SiHraneta: Wdhill aii Qarana distrlhitiaB ace two eaipks. ^™j« 

^trilMtim is diosai, gi.« a sufficimtly laisp cost data base, it is^smtij 

nodtess of fit aii to validate the iiDdeL by apprqriate test of hypothesis. Hjwwa:, in estiinatiai of costs 

WvJiB laoBOiiitalaqmiitureowarapadodofyears, the data base is not like]ytobe]argp.la^ 

thai. astaSstiSrsiadficaitSBBplevhldiwjijadallwtEStiiigfiartheuri^^ 

^mdiE the cost ^te, ncdelii^ via the Beta or other aBpropriate distrihiticn pssaits a practical 

altenBtive. 

84«15m ESffi 4 MS 3G5 QOHaM 83 aSABAD 5 ME UCLASSram DOOlOir OP^^ 

unL: Hdidbility inwestmait ari life-cycle cost 

HJBk A/SHSl, J. K. 

BAA: A/GnddBBd-C^lifioDiiaCb., Burfaaic, CA) 

OD: IMHED SDOES; IEEE TiaBactlciis oi Iteliabdlity (ISaJ 001&-9529), vol. R-3Z, tug. 1983, p. 25^^63. 

mjs: / *caB£ ttunsss/ *in«esmnis/ *iife csoe dsis/ *HmEr oheubwe/ * mumin awsses 

HINS: / tmmS/miXTOmKE/VSSEifCSftDlEMIBBiS: 

ma M.SJL 

ABS- A ifeliabmty liwestiiHit Optindzatiai (KID) model is discusgai in otder to idaitify the lewel of irwEStmait in 

' a relirfdlity iK«an fioc a sfysten early in the devdopnait qyde so that the qistan llffr<ycle cost is 

miiiimi2Bl. The BDdel is ocistrainai to consida: ga«lc types of ajdpnait de to the early sa^J^ 

QdEdderatiai, ari oust substaitiate the fiariiig of reliability prograns in the q/stan developnmt ^. 

reUdbiliW pnwaB. The pngtan ocmidsBS reliability pradictlcn, idaitlficatim of Mlure nodes, effiecte 
aahisis, ad dBiffi savdUane, fiolLoiwi ly part stadardiiatim, saeaiinB;^ ^*S2f .°"^^^ 
studtoowar the KD ad devetopant, pcooucBnait, ad opasatJcns ad affoct {fases. RID is afpliai to 
evaluate the fractiarail dH«B in IflC at particular levels of the reliahlllty gccffm investmait. 



40 



Ko. : M9 Title; Maintainabili ty/Supportabili ty 



Operational Requirement; 

Maintainability / supportability must get high priority in Design / Build Team 
representation. 

Rationale; 

Analysis of STS cost drivers in Phase 1 of this study includes, for example, 

documentation of some 226 maintainability issues (problems) and 104 

accessibility issues. Most of these would not have occurred if adequate 

consideration / priority had been assigned before the design was cast in 
concrete. 

Saaple Concept; 

Strong representation of maintainability and operations disciplines or Design / 
Build Teams. 

Technology Requirement; 
None. 

Technology References; 

NASA/RECON: 86N24579, 86N20054, 86A32095, 86A22391, 86A22380, 

85X72180, 85N16743, 84N22528 



41 



89045791 ISSLE lA BMZ 2395 CtaSHS 83 RPFI(: iK>-A162204 8S/Q9/2D 42 mXS UCLi^SSinED DOCUfNT 

UIIL: Iii|Bct of Rt>^^ahf^^^tyyMa^nta^nQM^^ty (R/M) on IqgristlGs costs for USAF aircraft 

Mmb A/SEBBO, A. J.; E/UKffiMM, J. 

OCRP: DepartmEnt of the Air Bocoe, V^shiistcny D.C AVAELNHS 

SAP: azica/t^tai 

CEO; INDH} SCKIE5; ftesaited at the 19th AiibI DeiBrtiiHit of Ds&nse Qst i^^ Lasbm^, ^, 

17-^ Sep. 1985 

MMSi / VOBT ESEMOES^ *IMMCiy ^^DGasnCS/ ^^£W OBiy ^fMNIAD«BILIH/ ^MHIIMff ATCRAFiy ^SHJAHDLIiy 

MII6: / msmUXS/ UEABCN SISOKS 

ma GRA 

BS: The purpose of this stud/ is to deveLop sane cost estimatbig relationships (CZBs) that supports tie ocntsiticn 
that hS^ies: BSM results in lame Icgistics support costs, afd cat be used in a variety of ve^. Our prisBcy 
need is a nethodotkgy that enables us to quantify the inpact of REM chafges or levels on existiis ad xm 
aircraft in teons of IcgistiGS support costs. Ihe CH(s ya are soarchiis for need to be at the waapcn ^ystan 
level as opposed to the sdssysten or ccnpcnent Ib^. 

8aQD054# ISEIE ID Elffi 1658 camaro 66 RPIl: I^^-^iSVyX) ^FWOWIS^^ 

UnL: Developing source selecticn evaluation criteria snd standards for reUability anl naintairdbility 

n^: M.S. Thesis 

fiMi A/»RCN, D. E., JR. 

OEP: Air Rroe Ihst. of Tech. , Wrig^t-fetteacscn AFB, Chio. CSS: (School of Slystens an! Icgistics.) AVAIL.NCIS 

SAP: mfOIArfOL 

C3D: lNnn)SEKIES 

M&js: / iWjmsMsnin/ ^^eumdzcz/ *sascnan/ ^sqnxhs/ ^^ssssas smssis/ ^vstsw sisan 

HD6: / (EDERIA/ DSA BASES/ ONEENBir E^^ 
iBkt AithrCSlA) 

ABS: Ihis thesis studied the developnent of source selection evaluation criteria and stadante for reliability anl 
naintainahility. Ihe data base consisted of infigpTBtLon obtained ducbqs perscral intarvieus vitii pecscmeL 
&an Air Rxce A Dqiiisi ti o n k^istics Oaitet. Ifaose intaivleued ^ne ecperiend in the developnoit of source 
selection criteria and starxiards fior reliability aid naintainafaility. ReUeUlity ad tfaintairddlity (RSH) 
issues hBMe beo ane the priine focus of attentlcn within the Air FDCce in tls devdopicnt ad aociuisitiai of 
nqjcr wopcii s^tans. CM ccnsidecations oust be ccntinjausly address ed to insure readinss of our Air Rxce. 
A icc p ai systsn oust be able to pecfiocn with cQnsdstait reliability and be desigrsi £x effidait ad effective 
BBintainefaility. 

86A32095*t ISSK lA BO 1991 CnHnor 12 Bm: AIAA BffiER 86-9754 86;/04AX) 5 B£ES UOASSIEQ^ 

UEIL: (fedntainahility plaidis for the ^aoe Statiai 

Mjm: A/H»N, G. R. 

BAA: A/QiftSkf Jdnson S^aoe Qaiter, Oustcn, 1^ 

42 



OBftlbtiaBliiaxnautlcsaxiSiBoeAiiiinistiatlai. IjwknB. Jblrocn S^aoe Ctentar, axstoi, Ibc. 
"^ IS^^ 2Tl9ef 'sT' °^ ^' ^ ™^ ^' «* ^' Flight -tetii^CknfierBXB, id. las 
~' MyS: / *MftINIAINSHILm/ *SBflCE MMNIHWCE/ *SPA2 SUmiNS 
MDB: / CDSr /NttffiES/ LIFE CSCIE OBIS 
iSft: 0.& 

^ ?^Sf^'*^*^Statlm,^ch is expected to ha^ nay j«ts of 

OTfimts ^aoeraft dedffiEES with m^or (fjestioB of nalntaina^ A JfaintairahiUty QiidellnBS 

nxunart has beai distrlhitei to aU Space Statioi Definltim and RsdinriiHty Ees^ tie aȣ 

!??? /^*^,.°^**- ""^^ studies are bdi«pafaniBd to deteiirire the nest ecm»^ ha]aioe be^ 
iiiitMl (reUahOity) cost aid life cycle oost (crw time axi rpplarnimt tenfcare) costs. 

86A22391# ISStE 8 BfCE 1QB6 CSIHnOf 38 aSADQAD 7 ME5 UOASSIEIH) nXXMNT 

UTIL: Hdatixg fictay aid field reliahility ad naintaiiBhility nosuces 

faSBs. At'MACDDSMID, P. R. 

BftA; A/(UEAF, Rene Air Devekpait Gaiter, GWffiss AFB, NY) 

CUD: INDH) SDOES 

™' 5^ ^^^f'Si^ ^ JfaintainaWlity ^qposium HiUadelfiiia, FA, Jaaary 22-24, 1985, PtDceedirKS {m-7BK> 
»-»). rfef Ycdt, Institute of Electrical aid Electrailcs &guBecs, 1985, p. 177-183. 

HyS: / MDOWFT MfflNIENSNCI^ ^WflMMKEILEn/ * RnTflRn.Tr y yjftLKES 

MI^B: / IMXBIRML H/NE/ L0GISI3CS/ MEF 

AB^ Aidnr 

^^' ]^M«fJ*»9es the isM of field rdiabmty rot equEd^ It overview Air Rxoe 

andDCD poUq^ ai the isajs, review previous wxte en the aijject axi details outiBit Itaie Air Develcpnait 
Oaiter activities telated to it, including a reoaitly ccnpleted stucbr tlat develcped nniels traSatinr 
antcactual to opp ratia aL (and viae veoa) BSM paiaiEteEs. 

86A22380 ESE 8 BflCB IIK QOHIEr 38 85/00/0) 6 RICES INIASSIEI^ 

UTIL: Hxe aoasate neintaineUliQr pcedictiaB 

SSSBs. A/mHWy D.; B/BSHSlgr, J. M. 

BAA: E/(Sadas i^ssodates, Inc., ItehB* ^6) 

OD: tNEM) SEKIES 

us-^;. Nor Bxk, IiBtitute of Elactrical ad ELectronics B^tneeES, 1985, p. 44-49. 
HyS: / ^ICGISnES' 4MiaNlM«m[II£/ AHSDI^^ 
MDG: / OCKUIER HCOtms 
iBla Ajthr 

^BB: QafutBT I»:PB?ai8 that paAra the cakuktioB to ccnplete a BalntainEtm «. 

43 



at the sane repair facility. 



Sap. ises 

iUH: A/BfllL, R. C.; B^SMEIIIR, R. C; CyStKE, J. W. 
OFP: Boeii«AEBOEpaDe(b., SeattJe, \fe*. 
CB): IMTEDSBflES; GrifBs AEB, N.Y. RADC 
M^jS. / ^ONIBftCr M««BBIiy ^™HMC HMM^ 

•^^US^Sw/H^Norc/HSinnmB/sBiEffiww^ 

8aa674» BSE 8 BfiGE 1D64 tmnff 1 84/lOAX) 15 E«E l^^ 
UnL: ifaintaiiBhillty! Ai US EEfiart to Madpilate I£E 

AOH: A/BOrai, M. 

OFP: i«J-Tfelefiriflai, lllin (Vfest Genrai/). AVAIL.NIIS 

SAP: KA13/.Fi«l; ih ^ D«i^ far Tk:tical i^cs ^talxBWHty 15 p (SE I©.16731 (B4^^ 

OD: GaM»ff,FHHWLFmBLIE(F 

NUS: / *«raMCS^ *»WNIAn«BIlir£^ '^^^ 

/Bft: IU.F. 

ants o€ wkiito arf oiK «iilpBt i« eriusttt 

83/12/00 323 BM25 UCUfiSIEIH) EDOMENT 
unu Iht^atBl testing a«i uBintHHice tedmloBiffl 
1iasHiBntediiialftpxt.25Sq>. 198l-15SEp. 1S83 

urn A/iewr, lu o.? b/bsoridge, m. j.; cmuns, r. b. 

OFP: Boeli«AB«ia«Q)., Seattle, ^teh. mum 

SAP: CMMFAQL 

OD, UttlH) SDOESi VWj^-Eattascn AFB, (Wo ARBL 

„^/.«nQDES/^BaFrSBIBfi/-«IEBIH^ 

44 



mss / /RnFJOAL nmUEBtE/ OBT imssis/ D«a xansmav life ooe odscs^ mumi Anowiy skibs 

/NSLXSIS/ SSSmS MHIWrnW' WBffiCN SXSIDfi ^>»ux» 

ABA: Aithor(GSA) 

^*^ I^^^g°^°f *«Pcn systens is becairing ai iicEeasingly inportant ocnsidaatdai in vapan systm dewelopiHit, 
tocaiBe the a« of DBintamfi is a siffiificent pc3rtiai of tlK life cycle cost of the qfstan. Ite objective 
of the Iht^giatHi Ttestiis and ^feinta^anQe Tkiinkgies effort is to (Mire rat^^ otoatd t»t 

S3Stan fer the avioiic suite plamed for tactical filters in tte ISgcys. PcdHoB with outimt aboard test 
qstens were aalyzed to detennire vtes inixcwanaits could be nade. In additim, the aitidpated avicrric 
atchitectUDe and ndssdcn of the 1990's v«e evaluated to detemrire the iniact on nEdntBEnoe oBBbLllty 
HBtMranaits fix the Integrated Testing and ^feintalEnoe Sistan >«b developed an! dooiiHited in a systsn 
^edflcatlcn. Idaitified InpxManaits ower oicrent systens include better filte±« of Interadttait fedlute 
leixrts, better isolatlai of intennittent MUiies thcoMa^ the use of raoordBd (fata, ncce ectaBive use of 
Siystem-lewel tests of ndssicn opecatlcnal data and a irenHnachire interfeoe ptDvldir« mxe infioniatiai to the 
mdntoHice tediii(aai. In addltioi, artificial inteUlgaioe appOlcatitre were evalmted to detondre «here 
ttiey nd^t be effectively appUed to HM. A desigi ocroept for a feult dassificatiai expa^ systan ws 



45 



No.: MIO Title ; Logistics Support 



Operational Reguireaent: 

Provide adequate spares provisioning from the beginning. 



Bationalet 

Sp«. parts provlsl^ln. '» J« "rS'cS4iir"?Si°coJS".J!:%S5» ^s"^. 
«a not prepared foe an <'P«""»'^„'f ?°"i?' ^ "1 jXet ItMS of perceived 
if^rTiorir- T{r"porcrprrer.i\ Th r i r^ - Xed' to .Ke 
inefficiencies of cannibalization to support the flight rate. 

*!. rK-n«n~r Presidential Commission Report, "The logistics support for 
S!! JJ'ouSrJircSSllS^- ?^dUte since it -."O • "^ J" '^""J^'li 
So. |t'.«J'5Jj«" <?,J-: r.e -ca^!Sfl2S: ZU Jirii r^LeS^'fro. 
SKr'«'S>rTVc7c? for t,d 

J^icies. Sese effort! make cannibalization operationally unacceptable. 

Sample Concept: 

Accept the necessary up-front costs of adequate spares provisioning in order to 

r^Zl Life Cycle Costi with more efficient operations. 



Technology Reguireaent; 
None 

Technology References: 

NASA/RECON: 87A27619, 86A30550, 85N11996, 84N26962 



46 



87ia7619lt ISSUB U I»S 1577 QOHZRr 14 Bm: AIM B^EHl 87-^)692 87/aMX) 4 B£E5 INIi^SSE^ 

UnL: i^fQlcatdUn of artificial Intel liggioe (AI) anoEpts &r eifiliyiifr IqgrLstLcs resouroes in the 9X ONircnnent 

SMt A/BWSY, JCOI M. 

BAA; A/(IJ5AF, Bane Air D^MelcpnEnt Oaiter, Log i^ngeLes, CA) 

CUD: INTIED SDQES 

IN: ?^[«rp kgistics ^nqposiun, 1st, Bntsville, AL, Maa:« 24^, 1967, Dadnical ftpers (PSI-ZJ&B U-14). Nsv 
%ckt Aneclcan Institute of ^^eaxsutLcs ard AstroieutiGS, 19B7, p. 125-128. 

VKJSx / "^eHEDCIAL MEILDGaCE/ *LDGISnES (VINKSDOy ^^SEKCE \E«CrC/ ^^EAPCN S!SI£MS 

MINS: / ALOEEiafi/ ESERT SSSIEMS/ LDFE CSI£ COSES/ (X&nAL SBEQOEIHy 9!K£ laHSEECS/ SPACEOtAFT M/ONIir^NCE 

ABA: M.S.K. 

iSS: AI appUcaticns for managiiig the logistics of EDI systems are descdbod. Ihe inadac]UBcies of ourrait logistics 
afBlysis techniques in the tesenoe of the incertaintiesy ocnpLexities aid undquaess of SSL systeoB are 
eqiilored in depth, indudiig the algodthis xsedf maintaiEnoe methods and pcedicticnst resouroes scheduliiig, 
data acquisition aid harllingt aid life g/de costing* Sinoe nor/ subGystems of SQE sjysteis ^oild be 
inecoessihle to hnans, eiiHthl sensors oould provided ecpert ^steins with data for identifying aid isolating 
or predicting defects. Ihe definiticn of sufficient goals aid decisicn critada is asserted to be a potential 
solution to the prohlan of scfaediiling refBirs for fadled ocnponaits, estinating the costs of engineering 
decisicns aid interacting with users thnxf^ a plain-langLJage input. 

86A30B5O ISSIE 13 RCE 1799 OOEJEI 5 86/04/00 4 PAGES IN3ASSIEIID DOOMNT aPSKBGHT 

UriL: Lqglstics supportability ocnsideratiais during ccnoeptual aid preUndnary design 

AUm: A/SCaUGE, D. P.; El^EZER, S. A. 

BAA: B/(Geacgia Institute of TodiiQlqgy, Atlaita) 

OD! IMEIEDSISIES; VertifUte (IS3I 00^-4455), vol. 32, Mar.-A(r. 19B6, p. 48-51. 

HD6: / EESIEN ID COSE/ HUnSS ^UUPISS/ SOramUZffllCN 

fBh I.F. 

AB5: Ihe ocnoept fomulaticn efforts of tie 'li^^ heilioopter experineital' (USQ prcgran, \ixich is based on 
inproving ocniBt effectiveness \hile reducing life cycle costs (I£D5), are descri b ed. Ihe need to stuc)/ 
Icgistic supportahility oonsidecatiais in the s;ynlhesis pcosss of aircraft systsns is esondned. UOC^ ad 
logistic costs cai be Icwcred by redicing: (1) the nenpouar required for support, (2) the cost of siares, (3) 
the reLUnoe on test equipnent, ad (4) the cost of post de^^lopiBit software support. Six systens for the Iffi 
prcgcan aixccaft that will IcMer UJOs are proposed* Ihe uuji j ii I c aid ncneooncndc benefits of the 
^fiamfaH^aHm of aliciaft desigis ad the use of ccnnni ccnpcnsits are studied. Ihe dB^lopnait of a 
tMD-lEMel DBdntHianoe systaa ad the reductioi of nmpjm: are aialyzed. Ihe iiiptwiaiHi t of the reliafaility 
and maintainability of ndsskn ocnpcnaits ad speed to insure self-<kp3£^faility ad sustainafaility of the 
a^irmff is disoussed. Hie elindnaticn of aitonatic test equipDHit is csGEDoned. 

8a«U996» ISSIE 3 B£E 309 OaBnor 1 BPr»! fI>M^eBl6(X)AEUI>^^36SA/CB/2i^ttCS\IUJSSmn>nX3J^([ 
unLt t/ig<gHrg suRXTt costs fioc the B-IB al r c iaf t csn be reduced 
OFP: GenecaL itoonnting Office, ^fedri n gtm, D. C. 

47 



CSS: CthtioBl Secudty and IhtenBtlcral Affairs DLvO tSUSLJtinS 

Sff: miCQ/iViai 

QD: INdED SERIES 

WJS: I MMEAFE/ *B-1 AHOWFiy ^ODST FECUdKN/ *LDGISnES/ ^*MftINIEN»CE 

MDB: / AVKMES/ BCMBHl tJSCBtFI/ CDST EEfflCra®ESS/ CDSES/ OrafMBff HaUBfitt/ HCCUCEKN HGttEERINy 

ERiuxiEN twnoaeny scscujnv secfs/ se»{g bsos 

AB&: OU^ 

ifiS: UiUe the Air Rxoe's Iqgistics suifxxrt plaidiie fix the &-1 bcniia: has beEn extaislve, the iradsquacy of the 
Icgisdcs (fata deveLoped during reseexxh and deveLopnant of the B-lB's predaoessor-die B-lA-aid the coiairrent 
deveLopiEnt arxl pcoducticn schedule necessitated by a oopgEessiaial nendate that the aircraft be opecatiaBl 
mt lata then 19B7 have fiocoed Air Rxce pianos to nske IcgistLcs sui^art dEcisicre before th^ had 
suffidait data to suppcact than. Ihds has incieesBd the risk that opecating and sifport costs viU be ncce 
ticn ti^ V3uld have beai had noonal defimse dB^eLcpnoit pcocerlires beai enfdqyed before startiis pcodcticn. 
GfO tBS idaitiBed oppcrtmities to reduce these ocasts ^Mch ±ould be ocnsideDed* Ihq/ are: (1) ocnfainiig 
tts purdiEGe of investment spares (conpcnaits that can be cepaixed aid reised) with the purchase of ppxkc t tc n 
QcnpoBits; (2) hyins spares directly fraa the nsnifiacturas instead of ^iwou^ the fcur B-IB antractocs; 
(3) redLcir^ tie ruiser of bases from ficur to three; aid (4) oantializii^ all aRdonics iiBinta:Ence repair at 
tie B-IB airfrane and aigine depot repair facility and not estahlishix« afy repair shops at the planed E-IB 



8*069621^ ISSUE 17 ME 2652 CfflHIfff 32 82/OaAX) 5 MGES INIASSIEIH) DOOMNT DCfiF HD7D178 

UriL: The life cycle cost of intqgtated logistic support 

MMi A/FUIODt U. G. 

OBP: Selanda IhdLJStiie Associate S.p.A., Bone (Italy). CSS: Qfaval S^rstsn DLv.) AVKDLNIIS 

SAP: KiCaWAOlIhitsRivistaTbc. Selenia, m. 8, »>• 1 p 1-5 (SEE IB4-2e96117-32) 

OD: WiX 

mjsx rKDSC EEEBcmracss/ mibe csoe cdbss/ ^oxssnES/ mstmmz 
MD6: /mm2M.m»caB!fE/wsgujmxssss/3Bssmas 

iBta iultbacdESk) 

ABB: Sdhedulirc of preventive DEdntaEnoe within the gEneEal ocntact of the lifie cyde cost of integrated logistic 
Bjppact is discussed. Ihe principal catsgxies of support cost are ocnsidered and a procedure of optindzirc; 
the total cost for the evaljaticn of a fiidancntal logistic paraiEters is developed uEdi« liaaim models. Ihe 
MBDdao^ appcnach aUcw tie eondnation of the finctioial relatiaiGhips betueen sifstm reliahUltyt neintaiaioe 
p^HHoa and the costs of integrated Icgistic sqpport. Ihe life (yde cost of the logistic support is 
optindzed, and the results pendt a oociect oost/efficiaKy scalii« of he ajppoct. 



48 



Mo.; Mil Tltlet Operational Test Requirements 

Operational Requlre«ent: 

Valid operational test requirements should be defined by the Design/Build Team 
(see M2) and integrated into VHMS (Vehicle Health Monitoring System) where 
possible. 

Katlonale: 

Current and past LV programs, at both ETR and KSC, test and retest at the 
Instigation of individual design, test, and technical management organizations 
(Contractor, NASA, and Aerospace). All of these practice CYA to extreme 
levels. Further, "once a test, always a test", with little or no effort made 
to remove test requirements which can no longer be justified. Many of these 
tests are the result of inadequate incorporation of operations experience in 
the design. 

Even where the design includes self-test capability, old habits die hard. For 
example, on lUS, pre-deployment checkout utilizes a VHMS and verifies lUS 
readiness for deployment in approximately two minutes. Equivalent ground 
testing requires extensive manpower and GSE which manually sequences each test 
step, with serial manpower-intensive data analysis. Each time the lUS is 
moved, it is retested in this manner resulting in many additional weeks of test 
time. 

Sample Concept: 

Implement VHMS concept to fullest capability and not allow its capability to be 
duplicated at the test site with GSE and manpower in a make-work scenario. 

Eliminate test/retest requirements imposed at the test site by the subjective 
confidence level of test engineers and/or technical management personnel. 
Unnecessary requirements are often imposed by personnel with no responsibilty 
for cost or schedule. 



Technology Requireaentt 

VHMS 

Technology References; 

SGOB/T Study, Phase 1, Final Report, 4 May 1987. 



49 



Ho.: M12 Title; Quality Assurance 



Operational Requireaentt 

A modern QA program that virtually eliminates the requirement for a large force 
of Quality inspectors with its inherent inefficiencies impacting processing 
times and costs. 

Rationale t 

Quality Assurance places emphasis on inspection. As a result of the Challenger 
loss and the Presidential Commission Report » program management has amplified 
this problem by increased manpower and efforts to inspect quality into the 
product. American industry, led by Japan's implementation of Deming's methods, 
is beginning to understand that inspection is not only costly, but also 
ineffective. 

Saaple Concept: 

New systems design should place emphasis on computerized, self -check 
verification for electrical systems and require minimal inspection for 
mechanical and structural systems. 

Management and workers must be be trained and led into a total quality program 
(a la Deming - see SGOE/T Final Phase 2, Volume 3, Part 2, SOCH Reference 
Information, Section 6.2). The Oeming approach is not to automate quality 
verification, but instead to build quality into the product and promote quality 
workmanship thus eliminating the need for constant inspection. This would 
require a major change in culture as well as MIL-standards but needs to be 
done. 

Technology Requirement: 

Management reset and implementation. 

Technology References: 

DIALOG REFERENCE: 1934413 

Ford Motor Company, Product Quality Office, Dr. Deming's Concepts, Dec. 1981. 

Ron Cristofono Workshop Series, DEMING'S FOURTEEN OBLIGATIONS OF MANAGEMENT 

Scherkenbach, William W., THE DEMING ROUTE TO QUALITY AND PRODUCTIVITY 

SGOE/T Study, Phase 2 Final Report, Volume 3, 4 May 1988 



50 



CHEN: EUXS^ 
^ ISai: 0391-391 
IbeatziHit: (SGRAL, BBOEV 
EbcunEntJ^! JORKL mm 

ocntrol. The pnwss Is widely leed IrS ttelSaStei™^ ^SJ^ inptwanait, 

Dascrlptocs: ALnHDG; OLMIIT OMHDL 

lcb«l^ mm; OMUY; Hi»M^G; IBA; JAR«; DOOieiMEN; IHSCNCL MSmE; S1»«RC6; OKLDY 

C3ass Codes: BQL7QL 



51 



Ho. 



M13 Title: Safety 



o piirationa B eattlreimit; 

possible. 
Hationale; 

,H«t op.ratloii» tl«s »*'"'«"• ;?!";hlcl., and only on. task can proceed 
prevented «".«olng useful «ork on the vehicle, ^_^_^^ opatatlons -Bt be 

LtSeir.inSi"i- »d rrefSablJ-rii^tnat'ed'fro^ the procaasin, flow. 

Related KSC Schedule History; 

1. The 160-b.ur schedule had 8 hours «« "dnance InstalUtion 
at the Orbiter Processing Facility (OPF). 

2 currently U2 hours ot processing ti.» is spent in ordnance 

o^r«ioL in the following areas! 

8 hours 

^^er^i •i;Aj; (^nS^^^^ : : : : : : : : : : : :il-^" 

Vehicle Assembly Building ( VAB) . . . • . • • • • • • ^^ ^^^^^ 

^*°*(26'hours* requires' complete pad clear) 

Total 112 hours (Total on-line serial time 44 hours) 

and restrictions are placed on other activiiiea 

the 66 hour, in th. »AB (i^J-JifJ^j/Lf^Hru "Ji 
J'rbiKr'MSSn'lS Sj?" W Jo.riS'tU^c. ,o« other «rk 
In the VAB. 

"" j\ n? ?uJi;%rU'r,re<,:rr» "iarnj'lhrvhJi: 

'^"'^■u «uirbi hLS'trcirculat. ho. »ny »n-h,urs 
of other work are lost. 

Management «ist assure that P"«^f «J«J",;!SlJe«S^^^ 

y^ulre-ent to ■i»i»i" /*»• JXrL "so! thi iwSe-nt of design, safety, 
» 'X'l^r::ilo^\V.ll^^^^^^ that rJ^ulre-ents and procedures 

Ire not redundant for CYA purposes only. 

See SA. 

TedinolosLRefer^ces: 

MASAVRficofi: ttSAiiioJ ^^ 



85A131ffl»ISaE3B(!ffiOTQaHIEri4EPr»: 3iff Bm 84^ 8V10AX) 15 BCB llOifiSinro IBOlf^ 

UnL: *aoBaMttlegco»nipBDoessli« -The safety dalla^ 

MH:A/BEM,H. L., JL BftA: A/Oxxkheed S^aoe Opaaticre Cb. , TitusvtUfi, FL) 

MMS: /^*aaN)e»aJIG^*StfEiy ROBS' ^iCETFAN^^ 

MDB: / GBON) OHB/ (HXM SLHaff HinMray BZ«^ 
^BA: Aitfaar 

fES: This paper discusses the safety aspects of the grairi prooessiiK of tte 'aBoe auttle" It A««Hh« <„ 
Jt^ thetaicMi h^* associated with the space Tia^^ 

SSS;h ^n nJflrf^f^ hew these hazards arilindtatlais tHve siffiiflcaitly gteatar inact ;ia 
ctiKideradinlifihtoftheiiiitlplfiflwprooesd:«tBqiiliHltDnBetiixie^]^^ ^^ 



53 



Ho.: MU Title ;. Security 



Operation al Re quireirent; 

S^urlty re<,uire.ents which Impact costs (.ost do) should b. .ini.»l and 

realistic. 



Rationale: 

operational costs for past »f <=>■"««, ?!°nrdat^iL "^ USUi^'ir 
Impacted by security ^^•"'"Suies^'cu"?? control Md «coontablllty of 
Tal^^rJt- Sntrri!^'TUsi"rers,""UrLnroo^, TEHPEST e,ulp.ent, 
separate software; etc. 

Saaple Concept: 

Lpact (of security ",ulr..ents) should bej.flnedhytj»^^^^ 

^.^-.T^sV. 'l^'XrCSrSon^ 'Z-'t^'iU on the cost Upllcatlon of 

security requirements. 

Technoloin^ Requirement: 

None • 

Technology References: 
None* 



54 



52' '•IS Title ; Connectivity Architectures 

Operations Requlreaent ! 

Conform to computer interface standards to allow complete connectivity (both 
text and graphics) between organizations including Design, Manufacturing. 
Logistics, Procurement, Operations, etc. -ciunng, 

Hationale ; 

?"!"r "ethods of information flow is inadequate, not time synchronized (much 
less in real time), and error prone. 

Connectivity architecture is rapidly becoming available which allows ready 
interchange of data among different computer operating systems and databases. 

Significant cost reduction in LCC can be made by contractual requirement to 
utilize Industry / government standards. 

Technology Requireaent ; 

DoD Internet Architecture. 
MIL-STD-1840A. 

Technology References ; 

Final Report SGOE/T Study, Phase 2, Volume 3, Part 2 (ULCE Section 2.1). 



55 



56 



No. 



Al 



Title; BIT/BITE (On-Board Checkout) 



Operations Requireaent ; 

Current configurations require extensive use of GSE to support vehicle 
checkout. Future systems should incorporate onboard checkout and mipimize 
(preferably eliminate) GSE. 

Vehicles should have sufficient self-test capability to verify flight readiness 
or isolate problem to LRU. 

Rationale: 



Current configurations require complex GSE hookups to support system test and 
operational verification. The configuration verification, required for test 
hookup and calibration, defeats efficient operations. 

To accomplish order-of -magni tude cost reduction, we must achieve 160-Hr or 
better turnaround time for recoverable stages. (160-Hrs vas the original STS 
Turnaround goal whose actuals have grown an order-of -magni tude). In addition 
to turnaround times exceeding 1500 hours, aging recoverable vehicles will 
impose requirements for structural inspections which will require extensive 
time periods offline. ELV's must have comparable processing times. 

Saaple Concept ; 

After a firm set of test requirements has been defined early in the design 
phase, the associated hardware/software required to support on-board testing 
must be incorporated in each subsystem. It is Important to maintain subsystem 
self- test autonomy. 

BIT identifies and records anomalies during flight. After landing, BIT/BITE 
isolates problem to LRU level. After replacement, BIT/BITE retests and 
verifies flight readiness. Ideally, recoverable vehicles would include sensors 
for complete structural integrity to avoid extensive downtimes. 



Technology Requireaent t 



Further development of Vehicle Health Monitoring System (VHMS) with BIT/BITE to 
meet specific requirements. Development of structural sensors including 
corrosion. 



Technology References : 

NASA/RECON: 



87N10079, 
86A31260, 
85N20697, 
85A45975, 
8SA13194, 
84N14754, 



87A33872, 
86A23765, 
85N16900, 
85A45398, 
84X76865, 
84A46661, 



87A32118, 
85X77042, 
85N16898, 
85A45082, 
84X74856, 
83A49578, 



86N20489, 
85X70467, 
85N16897, 
85A28633, 
84X71619, 
83A45473 



86A40591, 
85N34596, 
85N16753, 
85A26804, 
84N34500, 



86A32796, 
85N22528, 
85N11594, 
85A24795, 
84N26573, 



PAGE 



^% 



INTENTIONALLY BWNK 



59 



ajMOJT* BSffi 1 Bffi 13 QQHnor 6 86AIMX) 17 E«^ 

UnL:B.peda« with the Oix^d Chada^t ^ H^ta±« ^stan (CX:«fi) of a -dlltary alroBft r«atiP5 
i„,BO«eiHits aii the QOBBquaioe for fiitute desiffi 

ianH: A/HMHGffi, K.; B/HtBST, K. 

(OP; MBSsasdiidtt-BoeIki3ifBlohnG.in.b.H., Ottohun (West Gennay). 

o*n. *. ^1 Nrr<:trA25/»i01- IFWL (bk»ne, fet Ganey, IM 150 In IFM PiwMdiiig^^ 

HMS: / ^ im soHfi^ Mvioors/ ^<fflMMy ^eoe M^^ 

MBB: / AKBfiFT lEHlV OMUiro SBIIM5 lEiaV aeafflO D^ 
ifift: tSk 

!^^^i^'TlhP m ^St^dsTvaytrasdrntfeults. In ocda: to ower these P:?^' *? *S 
sHBdtivlty of *«, ™^ *T^^^ijr !^L^ nndtoring 

the Bodtoriigaii test ssystaiB of future aircraft cai be desifipal. 

87iffi872 BSE 14 Hffi aiB aamFT 6 87/aMX) 4 BGES INlifiSr^ 
Unij Iteigpii« to MIL5II)-21fi5 - TtestabdHty — of V^ aviodcs 

AUfflrAAKKE, Ml; B/HUMSER, J»l; (yiaM,JErK. EftA: B/<fetiaBl Aircraft Stariards Onndttee, ^bddr^tcn. 

DC); cy(ferris Gap., S^fosset, MQ 
Cnh IM3H) SMB; IHE Aerosiace ari Ba^tiadc Siestas Jtegpzine (ISai 0B8S«B5). vol. 2, P*. 1907, p. 

23-26. 
MWS: /'iOraftFr EBIFUCNIS/ ^«ni^ 

MDB: //MOfflnc TEST BiirafNiy ooOT D(m^ mxEssmy aiF ^ 

^ Ttai««P«tia»aft«^ty3dx«H«sintotf^^ 

SiS^p^te^d.«iSSS™i i«ei fait *^^|^^.^^^.!!.t:!!!^: 

87A2Ufl Ifflffi 13 Bffi 1916 QflBSFr 8 87/02A30 7 BfCB INlASSTFim nXSlCff 

Unu Us Boeii« 7J7 advanoed tedmkef aizplaK 

iMH: A/SUnilPFB, FHHl L. BftA: A/(ft«ing Qanwdal AiiplaK Q). , Seattle, U^) 

OD: IM3H)SMSS; lEffi OBitriil ^st«B M^zine (ISai 0272^1708), vaL 7, Feb. 1S87, p. 9-15. 

axcioBAniic 

60 



KINS: /MBERACE/ MOVSncmOSS/ UISEIIS EEVBES/ MIEF/ B!lin£ffl&' maOIXS ASSESaOtT 

ABS: Advared design fisatuces bedr^ studied fior the 7J7 tiaK|xjit aircraft are describBd, ail the in|Bcts the nev 
tednokgies vUl have on qgcational costs are eaidnad. The aircraft, intended to cany ISO pass a i g s is , will 
feature uLtcahigh-tj^pass a^gines, advanoed digital avicnics and flat panel dispik^, oonposite and AL-LL 
structural materJals, and, possibly, pccpene pcopulslGn. A ID panoent reducticn in operating cost is esqpected 
oonpared to the A 320 aircraft to be qseratiaial in 1969. Sgde of the sadne^ will be realized fay QD/CM 
tedniques that define airfoils with natural laminar fkx/. ndnary structures will be Al-Ii ^Idle seocnd ai y 
structures are projected to be gEaphite-epco^ thennoset resins. Ihe 7J7 will also cany an on-board 
maintenance ocnputer fior identifying cc inxi Mjit fisdlures and their repHaosnent pcooedures, ths reducing 
ncdntHiaioe o^Aaiiosd* 

8aQM89» ISSUB U PAZ 1735 QOHXFY 18 Km: IIR-1B^1334. ESA^Il(PHia) ^SX^ ESA-S262/82 84ASn8 

267 ȣES INIASSIEIED IXXIlCrn: DCSF E[Xia091 

UnL: llestiiig of spacecraft attitude and arfait ocntrd ^ystens 

TLSPx Final Beport 

MJIBx A/IKD6, J. J. M* 

OEP: (fational Aerospaoe Lab., Anst e rdam (Netherlands). CSS: (S^aoefli^t E&v. ) AVAIL.NEES 

SAP: H:A12/MFAai 

OD: (EIBEBIMS; I^ris ESA 

WJS: / ^»«FWR«ME TESTS/ *HaiCT II«Q^^ 

MINS: AXmJTER SSSIEMS lERRRiMZ/ I»«HDC TSSSS/ OeC^H) IXEk IHXZSSIN;^ SEKEDC lESES/ lEST FidLZIIES 

ABA: Aidxr (E5A) 

ABS: Ihe testii^ of spacecraft Attitude and (kbit Qntrd Subeystans (AKS) &cm ttie early desigi tp to in-flie^t is 
described* Hiree gsieEic tCCS test classes, model philosopty, stsndardlzaticn, subEiysteni static test methods, 
sub^ystan dynandc test metiiods, gEnecic test equipnent, and test facilities are ccMered. It is SMggBSted that 
test scheduliiig should aim to find pcobLaiB and cnocs as early as possihLe. ^^stem lEMeL tests should be 
del^^ in fsMx of detailed testiif; of the MS (unit la^) and in particular siisEystan le^ testir^* 
Onboard iOCS sof^coce poses testiif^ pcofaHenB, especially ^thssx BAM located* Hiere is a shift fxxsn 
airfaeatii^type (i|ynandc tests to seiM>-table-type c^milc tests, nEdnly due to ino^easiiig spaceciaft size 
structural flexibility, and multibocV ^fnenics caxep^* 

86AAG691« ISSLE 19 »£E 2BS9 QOHnif 66 RFI»^ AIAA BSQl 86-11B3 SSAXVO) 5 BASS UOASSmS 

miL: Ananaly detecticn and resolutioi systan 

AUEB: A/FTOEXBDUH, a G., JR. 

BAA: A/(lBf Qxp., Fedecd^staiBUv., GaithecstuEg, M>) 

QDz INEIED siy^*>> 

IN: Sjpaoe ^rstens Tledrcicgf Oonfisrene, San Di6BP» CA, June 9-12, 19B6, Dadnical t^pea (A86-^G576 19-12). New 
iadHf AnEclcan Institute of AeEOBUtLcs ad ^trcnaudcs, 1986, p. 106-110. 

MyS: / ^tXESa SiSnSS/ ^ASBffiSBMFT CESDGN 

HDS: / OOSr BOUCZEGN/ USE CSIE (J0SE5/ IHIinBI TSOailllXS^ 

61 



Okt Axthor 

tBSt Ihe tzaditiaBl ^ jp ^^ oadiBS tx> aianaly detection and regoluticn fior npdem weepcns systaiB, sfBoecxaft, and 
QcnpLsc gtonl iistaUatias are iiBdeciuate to maet the roqidieDEnts inanteit u|XJi future ssfstms. Ebcpert 
ssfstm toinaikgy sppeaxs to offier a scilutlai, but rm types of ©tpert systens vill be reqidred. IBM has 
deveLoped ad inpLanaited a anoept for such a systeo. Ihis paper describes that anoeptt its potential 
2|plicatiGns» afil scne of tte inplicatiGns that this gsieral appcoadi has for the desiffi o£ future spaoeciaft. 

86<a2796 ISSIE lA IMS 2054 QOHIHr 3B 86AMX) 6 BfiGB INlASSinED DOOMNT 

UnL: Ihe effect of inocnplete and deleteriaus periodic nEdntenanoe en fault-txdfirait oooputer systens 

ami A/HK, Y- W.; B13ILUN, T. S.; OHHBIO, K. E. 

EM: A/(Ihilips Cbmuncaticre S^stans, Ltd., COaytcn, Australia); B/(Ia TDobe IWvETsity, ajndoota, ABtralia); 
C/Qfelbaunie, Udversity, fbdodlle, Astralia) 

CID: AESBtilk; IHE Tiarsacticns en Reliability (ESI 0018-8529), yd. iU35, April 1986, p. 85-90. 

MM5: /*AX7A7T APTTTTY / ^«MUIBR SEIHB EHKIMNE/ -^MJI TDIHWME/ ^MMNHNINE / ^*iHIfflniIY mUSE/ *SBIB! 
EKIIIFES 

MBB: /MBF/ tW!M"< ' FttCnOB/ HtEfflELEIY THSia/ KEIUlttir aMOBNES/ ffitfE BfiKES 

iSA: CD. 

iSS: The nan tire to first failure (MITF) of a systan ^Aidi is maintainBd perfectly en fsdlice and is also ai^ject 
to prevBitive naintHsnoe (HO is derived. Ihe HEFF is obtained for three classes of IM: (1) perfect periodic 
IM; (2) inooiptete Hf (system rBHwed vith a stated ptobah^ and (3) 

dBLeta±3UB IM (systan renewed with a stated pcobability, otherwise it fsdls). The third case is ei|iBsiaed, 
stufyii« te effect of varyir^ ttK IM-indioad faUure probability en MIFF, die effect of increasiiK the nnher 
of spares ^di csn be switched in airtanatically to replaoe Mled udts, and the effect of varyii« die ratio 
of repair tire of IM-izxkiQsd failure to rqpair tire of 'natural' failure. 

86A31260 ISa£ B B£E 1912 CfflHZIV 63 84AXV^ 

iniL: Gbnfiemae oi Dedsicn an! Qcntro!, 23»d, las Vie^Sf Wf rterfniipr 12-14, 1984, BDooeedlx^. ^failune 1 

CDO: INEIH) SDOES; Qaifiamue spcnsGoed ly I^ Nshr Yodc, Ihstitute of Electrical and Electrcnics Bf^gineers, 
1984, 688 p. )b individual itens are afastxaGted in dds Molune. 

MINS: /tDfPENR aNBOU CdtUIER TKOmSS/ ONBOL SEffilLCn/ EESIRIBUIED EM WEIIR SISIB6/ HjauKii; KMSl 
amiES/ ESnMKEDC/ FiUT TnUEBttCE/ UR2 StCR SHUCIIIES/ MNESIHJCnVE TESES/ NOHJICMt gSIBS/ OPEIHAL 
aHOBOL/ HCCESS ONBQL (INXJBIRT)/ mDX:nWKS!tinK;/ QEEOiGTBBEX/ SB3»L mXSSSSX/ SEKCBCBAFT 
CQQRI/ SSESEB! FAnURES/ SXSIEM iUNilFJlISEDDN^ V3LEAGE FBUilEGBS 

IBki CJX 

aSi \briaB papss en dedsion and oontrol in cngineerins ace pcesofited. Ihe gacnl topics aJdu aased include: 
otbiBtlon and filtserb^, stocfaestic adaptive oontrol mOineBr aystaiB, model order reduction, nev dm^uadta 
to stafaility problaDs of electric powr aystens, reUaUa^robust ocntrol and seme applicatians to laEge^fBoe 
structuces, pcoducticn plandns and oontrol of smifacturipg systans, oontrol systtans fpmxsd ty miUnear 
partial dlffioential ec|uatians, gafaaUaed statenGpaoe systens, and frequoxv^^kmBin desicp of nuLthariable 
antrol aystans. Also H^gniUpri are: Jdaatifiratim, IqiLaDEntBtian issues and appHcHtioB of adaptive 
control, analysis and synthesis of nchlinear input-output responses, signl pcooessiiiE, voltage VfiR modlelips 
and ocntrol for power systans, optinal control and filtering algoridms, analysis of queuelpg netmdcs and 
related systsis, ocntrol of distributed [maiHtffr aystans, ocnpulEr-aided tedraUcsi^i control of linear 
systOB, ad failure detection and fault-tolerant ^stais* 

62 



86AZ3765 ISSUB 9 BAGE 1154 QOHZIQr 6 85AXV^ 

UriL: Ihe possibility of usir^ the av-txBcd oniute: for in-flififtt diggnostics 

HJIH: MUXZJnC, M. 

CID: caCHHOWOA ZJpcavafaj VZUI (IS3I OOW-5355), ro. 4, 19B5, p. 253-257. In Gaedi. 

MUS: /AAIBHRE/9VOHRG CDfUOBS/ MDOUFT EKRES/ MIKBAFT lEBRRmE/ * IN-FLDGHT MXUKEIKV ^aHBOO? 

ITTTTJTtfnrM 

HIN5: /(IByroDfflAH«ESSING^FE«.TI)e(IfBmCN 

iBki V.L. 

^£S: Ihe possibility o£ usirg tlie cn-boerd digital ocniuter for mcnitoriiig the ocnditiGn of the aircraft and its 
oaipnaits duriing tiie flight is eondiBd. It is suggested that, in additicn to routine flight data pcooessiiigt 
such a systsn can nuiitor in real tine the paranetecs charactecizirig die tednical ocnditians of tiie aircxaft 
aid its systeoE, analyze this infiodnatiaif and issue a tinply \AUiiii^ of the inpendiiig dspgEr* 

85Xnom aaHngaSRPUt «)-B092191L Fn>-IIXiS)T-0B15^ aSA^ tCEtOES 

aFBOEHr 

UriL: Nevhociacns in tedixxLqg/ 

iUm: A/WJJtiEJ, V. 

OFP: Air Bocce ^tens Qmnand, Vdgjit-I^ttecsQn AFB, Chio. 

CSS: (Rxed^Tediialqgy DlvO 

OD: as»S.R. Tfcansl. into EMUffl fran Qgondc (IBS), no. 6, 4 FIdb. 1984 p 30-31 

MUS: / ^MOIEICIAL MmiGENI^ *^^ 

HD6: / TEWaUXS iS3S^W£ 

aSDOft67» CfflHnoriRm: AI>«K371>4LIHT-2B38-ai-l-3233USftA\^^ nMK51-82-G<XB7 EA IBQJ. 

lU-6220^^B-76 84/06AX) 8Z B£ES INIASSIEIED DOOlBir IS OV ICSOES SiD aNKACinS 

UnL: AppLUBtkn of advafioed testability desd0i and fauLt-isoIatiQn aelysis 

USh Final Rsprt, Sep. 1982 - A«. 1983 

SSBx MKMCR, M. L.; B/BfiOD, K. B.; C/OREIS, D. d IVSDCSCN, V. R. 

OEP: Arinc Besearch Ooi^m AnpdiSt Ml. 

mjSi / i^oBcsm mmasmE/ ^omiiH^iHaiDiES/^KisrEFEBcnvBcss/^aE^^ ^tai lamttx/ *Fiwr 

MBB: / EESDGN ^WttSSES/ BHJDDPIERS/ IHIAniM^ MIIIBro SBftHHHy lESES/ SBIIMS 

ENSDEERINy UHLIZffEEON 

8904596 ISSK 23 S£E 3967 QQHnor 63 RPIf: SENMSS/C/SV84252A Cm: IICX-83-1423 84/12AXI 80 BAGES In FraCB 
INIASSIFIED DOCUCNT DCfiF B0QQ393 

UEEL: IbpUcatlais of artificial intplUgpnoe m the desigri of future onboard systans 

63 



1L^ FlnalBeinrt \ 

MjsBt a/bhuhr, t. 

aFP! Sodete Pkancaise d'InstrunEnts de Mesure, Massy (Ptance). 
SAP: Avail: Dssuing Activity 

CEO: HtfKE 

WJSs / ^MHOlftFr WONIHWCE/ ^«aiFICIAL DOmJISNffi/ i«5^^ 

KD6: /AnOCHE/ffi^HCRECafUIHB/AIICRfiFriESIQVFE^^ 

ma MhxCESk) 

iBSi Tte ^Tpi^^^J^Hty nF artificial toteUiigge to ainxaft or sjaoeoaft desigi is dJaoBsed. A pnjBpess ispoct 
oi tie researdi sni dewekpnait of the »tS airbcme msdntaBnce eqpert systan is indufed. 

8aC25aB fBSffi U Rffl 19W QOHawr 25 aWTQ/O) 15 BfiGES INIA^^ 

UnL: Status of boccn cadustiai research 

Aim: A/EAEm, G. H. 

aBP: Itereyivaria State IHv., Ihivasdty Kiric CSS: (Dept. of Mechaiical BBinea±«.) 

AUniLJIEIS 

SAP:' HCA21/WMIhAHL21st JIMKFGcnbust. Maetiis, %1. 1 p 15-29 (SE ^85-225a6 13-30) 

CKh UHnSD SEKSSS 

HUS: /JfflRBEaHIN3BGn«S/«HM/*FEIM-(Il«BnnV*^^ 

MDB: / AIOflZttG/ a«fflM3S^ SilGf OafSSinV I^^ 

ilBA: AJLH. 

iffi: Tte potential pafioniHtt of bora fiuds as win as prohilfflB enoturtoad 

pRseUaits antaiidiK bora ate disoBsed. Qmwit uxtastwding of anhjstiflj of bo ra pacti cks ari 
^^, aii atHBiaiari plune prooesses of oopfaBtion ptodaets of bora ate described- J^^^-^ f'"™ 
stoBted include: atoidzatiai aid seocndoy boakap of sLunies to pcoaote bora perticle mspaaun tax 
Mid ontaticn; particte sucfm pcopecties and timtrats, to betta: wfastend flame d liidt s ari 
ncDDte iadticn; iBjaitf iMDUB ari heaogBBOus &<« efaaaistiy, to provide mcKe tatJaal mfastariing tf 
bora oaribustiai ari ms& oonwaadcn; adde ooatlng structute, to teaotoe ocnttowaay ccnoeniing the 
BBctedan a«dy this l25« irWhits boron partlde igritiai; traneport properties of particle a^tamtes, 
to detaadiB the extent of ttaspoct aisncBBBit ly peroolatlcn thta# a g glfmrnitM ; coal««tkA aid 
iiriectiai of bora particlas ftcm soilid propellait gtains, to heilp tesolvB the pMhilaiB of tiffi procle 
lodii^ in borowxntainli^ solid propeUaits; ari tucfautott mixing ari teacticn of boroHparticle-lalBi 
ffimiB to estafali^ more laticral ccBfaBtiai dsBher desigi methods. 



89006971 ESIE 11 ME ITDl QOHIiOr 61 FET*: tD^H/BSfS Om-. nMI!Dl-a3*A267 84A»30 12B »GE5 UOASSIEIB) 

oooiBir 

UriL: EEE/BEIE Ttakoff itelysis Model 

n^ Final Report 

MSOx A/SCBOfSt, E.; B/BAKHt, M.; C/BAHET, G. 

64 



CORP: Sjpeny Sj/stiam ManagEnHity antsviUe, Ala. AVAIL*NEI5 

SfiP: EC t07 /VFMJl 

TDt INQIDSIKE^ 

WJS: / ^COTUrERTZn) SDiMmW niFE CXOE ODSES/ ^^HRECHWIE TESIS^ ^IRfflHFFS / ^*«BfiPCN S3BIEM5 

MIN5: / CESr HHCEIVErESS/ MMNDENIW:^ MTTIfV SBIHB ^NSLSSES 

iSA: OlA 

ABS: Hds dxunait is a discussifin of die findamaital nethocbLogies eifxkyed in the EH/EnE TMEFF S^ISSIS 
VUSL. Ihe m ry ^p^l is desdgood to facilitate rapid evsQuatiGns of caost interactions and sensitivity to 
t^tability policies and assxiated test ec|udy[iiHit. Ihe pdinEtry objective is to develop a ocnputer model that 
will assist te user in the seLactiai of a cost-effiective test policy for the life cycle of a proposed ;«Bpcn 
systan. Ite model is designed so that difEecait appcoaches to sub^aneiLysis can be sdected en a data available 
basis to conduct tmV>ff aialyses betueen/ancng Bdlt-Ih-Tsst, BuLlt-lh-Test BqidpnEnty Autanatic, 
Said-^kitaiBtic, tfenual Test BcfudpnEnt and SenpLe Ihspectiai Bfjdpnait that will test to levels neoessary to 
support depoti inteoTBdiate rear, intccnediate foranlt afd operaticnal areas. The model is desi^ied to 
higjili^t test methodolcey <306t inpact and aspute die total life cycle costs of the systen. 

8306900^* ISSLE 8 Rffi 1D92 QOHIIff 16 85^^ 

UnL: ikitataticn o£ checkout for die stvttle operaticns ea 

AlHH: A//NERSN, J. A.; B/SNSKKSGN, ¥L 0. 

aSP: tfatioBl ^^axrautics end S^ace AdidnistratiGn. Jdn F. Kenied/ Space Center, Gbcoa Beach, Fla. AVAHmNEES 

SAP: EC A25/MF ifil In IftSA. Jdreon S^Boe Center S^aoe 9iittle Tech. Conf., Pt, 1 p 97-101 (SE reEKl6889 08-12) 

QD; INEDED SEKIE5 

WUS: / ^^4Iia«EKN/ MVKMCS/ ^aiFflHl THBDOES/ ^OKfflD DSIA I^^ *SBflCE VEfflOE 

CBBCHXir H09M1 

MDS: / AIBHRE/I^CEHRE GDMEUIEES/ CQBSm SSSID6 HCSMfi/ (SON) 9KCRr SSIDfi^ NICRIICAL (XmOU 
HGUINHIESIS 

iSS: Ihe <Y«^ Suttle checkout is difCereit fixm its Apollo pnadauesfipr , Ihe ocopladty of ttie hankBre, the 
sfaocteriBd tunBTomd time, and the software that pedBocns gcomi checkout are outlined. Gaioating nev 
tedniqus and s t atfea ds for software dEMelopiEnt and the managanant structure to coitrol it are inplaieited. 
Ihe utLLizaticn of oonputer systens for ^^chide testing is hi£^ li^^ted. 

8Era£a98*» ISSLE 8 B£E 109Z CKIHXBr 16 8SA]^ 

UriL: IhtqgratiGn of gcotid and cn-boacd sjystsn for teoninal courit 

max A/ADBl, a a.; B/TDHEEtD, D. H. 

OOBP: IfaticmL i^rcrautics and Sjpaoe i^dnistiatiGn. Johi F. KerbV Sjpaoe Oafiter, Gbooa Beach, Fla. moums 

Sff: S A2S/MP AGl in mSA. Jdiiscn S^paoe Omter S)paoe Shjttle Itecfa. Cdnf., Pt. 1 p 81-«6 (SE ffiS-lE8B9 08-12) 

QD: INnED SDQES 

MJS: / ^KHflHER SESIB6 EESIQ^ ^CBON) 9IVCRr SISIBE/ ^OH^H) EKOA mXESSlE / ^SMCE SBiniE dEHSBS/ 

ieimmLonimz 

65 



Ola EJLK. 

AES: Tte derekpiHit of ai tat^?atHl groini ail crfxHiri systen fitr ^Hce 9iittle tam^ court uMMgMait te 
,Mon««»l. The crita±i ocnsldeEed in desdffiiiig this systan are outlined. BbhObs of pBOhtens enconteEed in 
the pcDcess of iratudi^ tiie desi^ ace presaited. 

ffliIfiB97*» ESffi 8 Bffi lOa QflHaaor 54 85/01/0) 5 EfiGES ^^ 
UnL: Gtound oaMachine intecfaoes foe ccfaiter checkcut 

tank A/HAKfN, F. H. 

CIBP: Sitaratiari Business MaririiEsOoq)., C^Qrawaal, Fla. iaflaLNHS 

SflP: aztaSATfOUhmti. jaimi Staoe C&ita: space Shittle Itech. Cbnf., Pt. 1 p 76« (CT ffl5-lfiB89 C8-12) 

GEO: UHnSDSBfES 

mjSi / ^fflOiD SEtcBJim/ ma mmE asmfi/ ^bbubable sBflOCRAFiy *SBflCE sansz assms/ ^^ttz 

IRMSaaXCEON SJSIBl FLDXES 

HDB:/ OOBSOHIV FUOT TESIS/ SOND SUHCK SBIHfi/ limB VEfflOES/ OH^ SME WBHIE 

CmaEDUTHCHUH 

ABA: E.A.K. 

tBSt The dHlla«B of the ocnogrt of a rausahLe, catso canying space vshide, and hw those dHUH^es wm net for 
tte aaoB 9iitt]fi are discussed. The ccnpledty of the v^dte, the grand afpxt systan, the crboard 
oanjuter.systan, raidfiaitixxB of a reussybOfi vddcle, ari the turn aixuri c^ectives fix 9ui^ are 

outliiBd. The ApoUo axi the space traispcctaticn siysten (SES) are canared. 

8aiI6753» BSUB 8 BCE 1066 CSmSS 60 8V1D/00 6 BflSS INlAailif'iUJ DOCUfNT 
unL: hodNBC^softuBre oo-desigi fix mEdntsdnble sjystas 
/Um: A/FBttK,G. A. 

gjr Hi hTllinlr TmT nmmrrh TV-rf " '^"^i "^ AUEAIUIIIS 

SAP: EA13b^ADl]hiGliroitei0ifix1k:ticalAidaiics)fedntainhiUl^ 

QD: IKEDED SSQES 

MUS: /««anBCniE (OMUIHB)/ KMUnR AHH) EESaV ^OMUIBR SBIH6 fflDSWB/^COfUIEFS/ ^«BlinME/ 
4(DiCINg3EM ISGBS/ *1NIHS1I!CES 

MD6: / OMWHl HOJWB/ EWIA HOCESEaTC B3UIMNiy (3«MH5 (CH(«IS)/ IflSBC lESBW/ MSfflDE TR«S/a3aV 

ms BJUL 

ifflS: The oo-dBsim of soft»are/iHrfwB« *ldi can inline 55 

follcwii« BEtiJxb areoudinad: (1) agort of the dasdgi verificaticn ptDoegs to whe it mxe «m>l ete « d 
las costly; (2) ledtietiai of the oast of a systn nptificHtim ty poariiUcg ao c u nit» , nonn xmatUB 
doanBitaticn of the ^fstan deiafi; «d (3) suROCt of the deteetiai, isolation, ad oonectlai o f fiauLts en 
both softuare axJ lantere. Des^kpant of techriquas fix softwBCB/hairiHBre o>^ M^^ perfionmce 

siflBl pcooBSSocs is eendned. The nethodaJflgy is based on the imji i ma itation of both softwre ari hanfaare as 
iiKtBd ffa^* Ite aystan of ooniuta: aided desisi (GAD) tod. that afprt tUs nethodoloByistfae 
ttddtactiKe dsiffi and aMM&aiHit ^ystan (ADA). Ihe sfystan has tm types of uji(uaiits: ga^ peactesaog 

66 



"^ aM1594# BSE 2 EMGE 244 CSmncr 63 RPTtt! ^©40^4 84AD6AX) 22 RCS INlASSmED OXlMNr 
UriL: Ar ti final inteUigaxs a|)pllcatlcns to naintasnoe 
MBi A/atBOA, A. 
OEP: Bane Air D&elqpnEnt OEnter, Gfclffiss AFB, N.Y. AVAELNOS 

SftP: EA22/»A01; fc Dawer Basearch Inst. ArtlficM IhtElligEnQe in JtotamK p 23-4 (^ 185-11592 (E^^ 
CD: INEM>SI»IES 

MDCI: / lABOR/ MflNSCafNT fHHIS' HCJECT IW«GMNiy aUftLEIT OMTCL 
ABA: GBA 

^*^ 2fi.°^!^^^"°*^'^'^^5'^*^®'P^*^ BuHt-Ih-Ttest pcDvides ov-line 

SifJ^^Sr^!!!^ ^^' Aitcnatlc'tet BquipnEnt is indispaBaUe at intanHHate ad dqjot lemir 
stetloB, and autonated nednteiance aids and trainees abouri. These deveLopnaits yae dsiOTBdto Sad 

^IS^i.^ ^^^ nBonteHioe actiois, and systaiB cut of actim ^Wdi need not be. CbnBctii« thse 

problfliE yoM thetefiare ptwlde both a eocncmic advajt^ ani a fiatoe nultiplia:. Tb create ooitun 

^ijr^«nmtsinnBinta«rejdU«qM^ STpL^^ 

i^n^H^^^"^ J* 1^"^. liiteUJaare (AT) tedniques to -aintaaioe. iT^h^imhT^^ 

^S^^H .^^J^^^'^^^^''^'^^^^ rapid 

IniJlanEntatlcn into railltaiy tsystms. At present, DCD efforts in applydre AI to naintaHioB are aall kri 

Sf^SS* Jje^oftheArtmdalIhtelliga«AHiUcati«cK2«sto^^ 

a5WS975*#ISaE22B«2 3227aaHnDr6KPI»: AIAA P(m 85-1908 aSABAX) 9 E(^ UOASSIHiD DOOieir 

UTH: Desiffi of an expat-fiystan fU^^t status oaiitor 

AUIH: A/OTEDE, V. A.; BmKE, E. L. RAA: B/(NftS&, Fli^it Iteffltdi Gaiter, Bdwtds, QV) 

OFP: Ibtional Aexraitics and S^aoe Adninistratdai. PUjJit Itoeatdi Ctatw, Qhetds, QOlf . 

OD: lMnH)SDaiS-AIAA.<liid«e,Ifevi^tdmariOaitrdlChnfi=^ 1«1, 1985. 9p. 

mjsi / ^*«nnais/ <aima. sraoB lEsinv iiBaERr sxs^ 

^^isS^^ ^^^^ AKEAPrEfflas/AinaTOHJEaraMBCL^aifiK AnoMny bese«is ;n) 

ABI^ I.F. 

^i-f^ *?^ * mcnitor test fUgJits. Ihe eMpect systen is to aAOBtiaUy detect aw oriilaR in^S 
fllBlit ca«ml .ystB. (RS), intarret the i«hlJS ?rS^ 

67 



tine, has akeadjr beai tested. ^ ^ 

asflAsage* BSffi: 22 Bffi 3233 QflHiRr 12 WAXvro 

UnL: SpBOi Stadoi autcnBtion aid aUrrcny 

/Um: A/OBUSE, R. F. 

ttAs A/QASi. \feEidi«tcn, DC) 

OBP: ibtioBl Aeraaitics axi S^paoe Ahrinistratiai, fe*ingtai, D.C. 

QD: UIEIB)SEKIE5 

lato«BEfettk,lL,AiKi<aiMKlBarSodfity, 1984, p. 364-367. 

mm. aHUES 

GOfOBaS 

Statim's electrical pwar ateiystm Is presmOy takai « anaajw 

rawl. throt^theajtniBtBi, totteMlyaitaiainBcmtrDl^t^ 

8BMS0B^^ ESB 21 MGE 3Ca QflHaW lA 84A](Va) 7 Bfi^ 

ura^ tolflte^^Hsed fault ii«idtirii« aii diagnosis in ^)B« 

itflftA/aOBU E. M B/J«flBH,J.; Cmi«M,C. BftA: A/(MltrBQ«p., Bedfi«l, M^)| (y<NftSA, fem^r ^pce 

Ctetjer, QxxB Beedi, FL) 
aFP:Mltre ar^. Baifiori, tes.; fetioBl itemxtlcs «i *« AtaWsttatiau JtoP. fa«tr^ teiter, 

QxsoaBeedif Fla. 

- K.^w"^2^^^l^?^"^r^^^^^^ 

MWS: / ^BffiSRT SBIHfi^ ^OOW HINIBC^ ^«CH^ 
MIMS: /nOA BASS/ DDCNSIS^ ElimiE /NAUSIS 

ilBft: C.a 

tBdniquBS of IBS are also disoBsei. 

68" 



85*28633 BSffi 12 RCB leK CaOHnff 5 83AXMI) 6 BOS UCIASSinH) D^ 
UnL: iapBcts at autX3iBt±n - /utDiBtian and fli^t test grgjr yer irg 

^ssk tjmjfsam, v. 

H^* A/(RidQEr, ScMphoI, Netteclaxis) 
CD): MIUIKL/IMS 

IN: Fiyit tEStlrg tod^ Iruovatlve aaigganait end tedmokgy? PtocBediJTBS of tfie Rwrteaith Anal Syncosiuii, 
Newport Beach, Ck, A«st 15-19, 1983 {PS>^2Ee2l 12-01). laitaster, CA, Society of Eli^t Ttet B«inaeEs, 
1983, p. 1.2-1 \o 1.2-6. 

MfOS: / ^^ftEBCNSUnOiL EN3I^B3DNG/ *iflmnifflE G^^ 

MDB: / ODMUDER AIEED EESEW IMA TIMNMSSEaV WSMfflMNT SmSSIS/ deOH) QUA HOESSBC/ HIWHWIE 

ABnS G*R« 

ifflS: The tednical omsgygiaeB of autcmatlai in flight test pccgtans are esaidned, takiig into accouit varlatlaB 
in vcddcad, rajrireiiHits for the tranqxatatian of data, ad aspects of cn-boatd carputatim. O^velopiBits in 
aitOdHtiai with respect to flight test measuDanait are inwestigalHi. The fli^t test mar BBEiim t ccisidaed on 
be ch acacteriaed ly flMe phases, including kgistics, prqaaratlcns, test, presentaticn, aid gaiaallaitiai. A 
desctiptiai is provided of an aitaiBted sysXm \ijich MgWy inpjove glvHi to oohetHme in test activities, the 
rewtxls of alequate result predictiai, and the peerec|tdsites of autanaticn. 

85A26B04 BaE 11 B!>CE 1541 CfflHIEy 33 83A]QAX) 6 ^fCES, INlifiSEFIED DOOMNT GCPffiBGHr 

UTIL: The relaticnEhip bet\«n an advanced awicnic system arddtecture and tie elindrnticn of the ised for ai 
Avicnics Bitoinadiate 9rp (AIS) 

Smx A/MMHm, S. J. ^ 

BAA: A/(GEnBcali:VraniicsQip., Bxtttrth, T30 
ODt (MIH) SEKIES 

Dfe ^[uuussuxrt '83? Proceedings of *e GbnfieDEnce, Fbrt With, TX, NTvoriar 1-3, 1983 (i«5-26776 11-59). Ifev 
liDEk, liBtitute of Electrical ail Qecttcnics B^gliBas, Inc., 1983, p. 206-211. 

MW5: / <AIRl»Pr MMNlBilWZ^ *SJSm^ <Q]Sr /MIOSES/ ^BBOHrNir MTIf FR/ » BTHrra rmr lyry/gnay ^gygg aaqg 
MDB: / mCSKE WS^BmC/ UFE CaOE OBIS/ SESEfi HdMHONB' \BDr Ii«GE 3QaE IMHIWamV VBSEC (CHKUnS) 
iSA: O.C. 

/BS: ttdle Adadcs Ihtennadiate Shops (AEs) ha« in the past been leqidxHi for military aircraft, the Qnasiis 
\JSIAffiIC tednology has glvBi rise to the possibdllty of ravel, lell pvtitiaBl aviada sssxm 
arddtectUDBs that otwiate the \6^ spare parts osts that fiooEdy pcon|>ted ad justified the edstane of ai 
^JS^Rmie avionics m^ therefcce be adeqiBtely ad eocnonically sinxrted ty a tuD-level aaintOBne systan. 
Algptaaic gmralizatiaB are pcesaited fine the aBlysds of the spares ccsts inpUcatiaB of altoiBtive dsioi 
pactlticning schanes for ftiture aviodcs. 

aSA24795*# ISSE ID BflGE 1347 OOHIFr 18 85A2/00 4 B£ES UDASSIEIH) DXUfNT 
UHL: Bcpadii^ role fir autcncny in military spr** 
Amm A/BffiNS, D. D.; BAaUBBCI, R. R. 

69 



QMiK, Kirtlaid iffB, NO 
CUF:*. EK,.>Ma,Ub.,<aitadate.. of M,., E^s^m., Mr Rr<. S«« toJcs, 0»«. BrtM AB. 

N. Hexiao. 
ODs IHnSDSMB; Aerospaoe AnaKa (IS9I 0740-722X), vol. 23, Fteb. 1985, p. 74-77. 

VMS: ^t^UBNta/ ^Wnif^ SttSBfFI 

HaXSSDG 
/Bft: M.S.K. 

^S^3r^ w s^^lS b.r»riaJi<aUydB*Blsrdocii!md»Wiai Mai In Hie ■»» f~ 



can 



STtet^satisfymmtary^BdficBtiaBlseKpatrftot^^^ 

ffiM3l94#ISSlE3Hffl2B7QaHIEl2DFm: lAF EM® B^^A 84/lOAD U B«3S INIifiSIElH) On^ 
UnL: ffiAE/Al a«iies ari thedr aRjUcatlcn to OIV's 
i!UIH: AA3JIIH(, A. H. 

ttAi A/(caifDtnia, Ihiversity, la JoUa, C^) 

Cro: IMHED SMB; JhteoBtlaHl i^troHutical Ftotim, IhtenHtioHl Astra«d«l (^ la««, 

adt»]and, Oct. 7-13, 1S84. 11 p. 

goes/ AaSKSOEMFr HCRISIEN 

IBki GJL 

earth oridt (IH)) fia: a» apkvnmt in pgqpdJaxts. 5l'=5™,*'*^ ^Li ttet theadditian of m 

8076065 QOHaDRr 6 8MKm 2 HiE INIASSIEIH) nxn«Nr IB OW /^^ 
UnL: MB spedfiMticns fix A^320 fault detectiai qstan 

iUD: A/NAZffiECUN, R. 

Beseatdi SHvioe, Adirgtoi, ^fe. Ih its %st Bacpe Report: Sd. aii 'ftdmL 



ajP: Joint RfcHmticns 

(jre4Br-8Wn2-L) p 26-27 (SE ffl4-768S9 IHl) 



70 



CH)! HMNCE; Ttansl. intx) aCLESH fixm Air et Gosics ftttds), 31 Ffar. 1984 p 17 

Mws /^^320AiH3WFiy^*AnaMFraMia/^i^^ 

MI^B: Ar3aD AIKRAFiy /UUOtKnC (XNIXU MKKIRXESSCIS 

84X74856* QflBaiff 6 RPI»: A&aHElSL AI)(H«)-TM3"5Q12 O^^ AF 
HBJ. 2479 83/09/00 116 EfiGES IMIASSIEEED DOOMNT IB GW ECHOES 

UriL: Chboard test (CBT) inprovenait pcqject. Hiase H. (Fbirody HH/SIT) (Boat-in Ifest/^taii Iht^cated Tfest) 
iii|juMJiuit pcDJect) 

USP: Final Report, Dec. 1979 - Jui. 1983 

Ajm: A/FEKH, B. C 

(HP: Aeraiautical^^stansmv., Wdjjit-ftittasm^^ CSS: (nirataate of Si«xrt ^^steiB Ek«ineerix«.) 

OD: INHEDSEKIES 

MflJS: / ^KIR CUrr BOffl CB/ -f^FiaiE CF rfRTE/ ^"UTE CSEIE COSES/ ^HMMTO HJIIMNE/ * HOMID CDECUnS/ ^TOOlIEEhEnS/ 
*SSGnM BFFBCnVBESS/ ^*USENING SSSttMS 

MttB: / p asm am u fe tests/ avknecs/ exmukchn/ esut tohmnos/ ufe (niMBaiiry)/ MnicBr Anowny 

mWRWCE TESTS/ EKWINy PEUAHIUTr E^la^iHaK^ SEIBM HTBCnVBESS/ \OPCN SZSDEMS 

84X71619* CfflHCTY 3Z RP Itt! AD-BC76263L N!fflrOT-^tB-94C5 
EMGES INIASSIEIH) IIXIMNr IB G:W i^^ 

UEIL: Joint n«rai/IMyAFlJCyAE3C^ built-in-test desiffi guide 

OCRP: teval Material Ccmnand, \fediiiigtcn, D. C ^ 

dEh INEETOSDOES 

MftJS: / MHOimC TEST HIIIBBny ^KimNIDai^ 

MBB: / OMUHR CCMPCMNES/ OM UIIR H O ^MS/ ODST HFBdlOTNESS/ E/AUKEDaV O^IHXKS/ IffiESEICS/ CPITMIZftEIIN/ 
HDCEUGS/ RFI.TfflnJIY EtGDCSlDG/ SESIQ6 QGDBRDiy TBttBCFFS/ \EAFGN S2SIEHS{A 

84G4500* ISSUE 24 EflGE 3866 QflHIEr 19 RPR: IIIE-3244-BRE/590 84/08/0) 8 BCES INIASSIHBD OX^ 

UnL: A fauLt-tcleEant nultlproc3BssiiiB unit for cn-board satellite supetvisicn axl ocntrol 

iiMt tAEEfOA, A. R., JR.; B/MRCDB, R. C 0. 

CDBP: Instituto de Bescjuisas Espadais, Sao Jose dcs Qn|30G (Ekn^il). /SKELNEIS 

SAP: mioZArfa 

ODx mtSU Pcesaited at the 5th Cbpgr. BtasileirD de Auttnatica, and at the 1st Ckigr. lattavAiL de Aitoiatlca, 
(kqdnaOade, Efcaza, S-6 S^. 1984 

MyS: /*PAUTTnHtfNS/^*MIIIHaiSSIK; 

jsxi / mnFJEUL sffiHirn?y efrss/ oscuffiE/ Ensmsns/ miiiBm/ rbcuons/ si»ohb 

iS/^ Author 

71 



"^ ^ulS&S^^endslmari antral. ^^ ^^^^^^ ^^^\^ ^T^J'^Sj^^^^^ 
Stf^BoUatltyTWad^tatiai tDdiffierait satellites a«i tdlgaices to sfagie^xriIlt Mhxee. -Jb 

te svsS!^^S«d auLtlprDo=slr«systanisa«tltutedlyaseto£ IMLt aultiprocessiig urite . 

^Sted stre^ thdr strv ctuial i ntecielatiaiship aooDPaig to the fdUnd^ ]q«s: hardsore, 

qpaatii^ systQB ari aH»llcative processes. 

84D6573I ISSffi 17 Hffl 2» OamFT 6 8V(EAX) 20 KiE UOASSIEro 

UnL: feDutE Haitiflcatiai Module (EIM) fior digital ocntrol ssystans — aviodcs 

MSB: A/EMBi, G. 

OW: BodaBBBHerit GeraetetBdidk G.m.b.H. , UEberlingai (West Qeaav). fUtJUmS 

SftP: E A25/Jff tO. In EPVIR Etoc. rf 12tli ^np. en Aircraft IhtfigratHi tota ^^steiB p IBMOe (SE IBW6565 
17-01) 

CD): GSMNT, MEBALBEHELICGF 

1«US: /*ffinmttL/ ^tMAFHUDttB/ *FAI1IBB iWftCSrS/ *IN-fUEar MMEKFIIG 

MDB: / ADHRE/^BOHRB OMUIEFS^ AnOWPT MHNmmE/ O^ 

ABA: Ait)xr(ES<^) 

fflS: It is ai8MBdtiBttraiile*ootii«ofaviaiicsystBiBistooexpmBivB. D^^^^T^ ^SLIS^^IS^ 
Sbt crater &i3>«5lnlicataiaittenBintaa«paiaLarea£tmr»to3^ 
SotiiK. betauserfinoocrectarlnDaiiaeteoyectlaBocbBcaKofvrepec^ 

to S? udnS 5« the tiaiiLe^Si «sia: and mate "diabte andto to« «™o>^ 

defets a MluteidmtificatlainnUe (EDO is proposed. ^^ *iP5?"«**J^ *LP2^^?5l2Si J^ 
«^asdurimtheopeatlDniiBseo£thBQcntrnllBr, this Em iBocris essatti^ (btoof the cmtrc^ aid 

A?thriridrS^ris5imtheaitaiBtic«ly5isinJicat» a fiailute 

display vlth M^ pEoiability. 

8«0A75« BSffi 5 Rffl 724 QOHnff 61 83AB^ 6 KGES INIASSIEIED nXll^ 

UnL: Qtoacd softwate tasting aii qi wUfimtim 

fUBx A/UNZNE, P.; B/BQXail, R. 

aSPi umi SpxB liBtrumntatlai axl ^istans, Milai ataly). MSUfHS 

SAP: KAia/WADUhESASaftHBtteEhg. p 201-206 (SE t84-lA729 06^) 

ODt HMJ 

»«US, / iiflSEimm^ ^OMUIHl Hrattfi^ ^OH)(OT 

MD6: / AiracHe/a»cmiiE oifunps/ nxiionOTN^ FLiOT T^ 

/Bft: AithrCESA) 

iK: Itet lanitBHics ad o«ectiT» fioc <n board saftwte, test croiOTwnts, aid test wttnlolc^ je 
d«rih3rS static testiigtDintegcatiaiari^naidctestiijg^^ 

hBBd««, arifi«aa«qrta«ari<»Blificatien. 5es^^ « 

outlined! tt«B!te with ths doajnentation pwittd. Betesting, in case of failts detected after the 

72 



qualificatiGn, is covaaL 



MAA6661 BSUE 23 Bffi 3«4 QOmEr 61 83^tXMX) 18 IVaS INI^fiSm^ 
^ UriL: LrtegratBd realt±nB softwoe foe botii airborne fli^t test s^stans end KM grand stadoB 
MBt A/nCNER, V. F. 

BAA: A/(Tela]yne Gontzols, Us kiesl^, CA) 
OD: UNUU) SroiTR 

IN: HC/USA/ '83; PtxxsB^uf^ of the IhtsmatlcrHl TtelfliEtaiig CtnfieraiQe, Ssn DL^d, CA, Octobs 2W7 1983 
(ABMeeOl 23-32). ResBEOxfa Waigle ftodc, NC, liistruiHit Society of Anerica, 1983, p. 717-734. ' 

MWS: / ^sftlRBCRE/SBflCfflHB COBJIHC/ ^KIMPUIER HCGRAffi/ KOfUIIR SXSUMS DESffiTV HFUEBT TETS/ ^rsnio 
SEKEHNS/ ^fllS (HE MniifflirN •'^«**'^' 

MiNS: / DMA /oiiism ay pflA ramiiNy ma leunmi^ Dwom ronicRiNy oa^so qoa HaEsswy rm 
MHEnay wasm vhoeiemkn (omuihs)/ bbo. tdb cHRmnv sxsbms umawoEN 

ABA: I.H. 

^*^ ?^ ? °" ^^"'^ 0* s™B oanxiter software fir real-timB, cn-board evalmticn of aircraft test (fata are 
described. The softwre cai be used either cn-hoani ai aircraft or at a KM ground station. Aia« tts <fata 
prwidBd by the softiere are: stacked oc otverkiyed scroUirif BU curves, limit cMoead test <fata, alarm 
gg'gat icn; tahJar HJ data presaitatiais; hard coiy of Off ptesmtatlcrs; or classical rar (fata str^) 
remD^i^. lixxxpocated into the software are farillties for sani-autcnBtic (stlibcaticn of sobocs ad tece 
headers for aitomatlc RM tape reading by a grand statlcn. The softvare can be liiAed to (fata reductlai 
softrare en the KM grand staticn for the gBKEation loading and test of a (fata (gide n^ in the av^xHrd PCM 
systan. Several bQodc diagcans and sdianatic ^auinfp of a oonixiter system %iiich uss tie software are 
provided. 

•*» 

83A«578»ISSlE24.B!GE3543CKIHIEyiRPI»: AIAA BAEffi 83-34^ 83/10^ 7 RffiS INlASSanro DXIJCir aHREHT 

UIIL: Ayiadcs built-in-test effiectlvcrsss ard life q/cle cost 

MJOi A/BSJOD, d B/amWOL, M. 

BAA: B/(Ghiinan AeiosiBDe Obrp., Bethfage, IS) 

OD: INDH) SDOESj /nerlcai Institute of Aeronitics and Astroreutics, Aircraft £aiau SvstoB ail Tkhnlaar 
Meetipg, Fxt ttxth, TX, Oct. 17-19, 1983. 7 p. ^^ ^^ 

MyS: / MVKMECS/ *HH3RMC BJEHfNT TESE^ *LirE OOE <XSIS/ *MniD«r maa£Gl/ *SiSSH HIKIIVBES 

MBi /(Xitawrmimiiri/moRimssis/miFimiE TESTS/ \EiiwsisiBs 

ABA: Aithr 

ABB: BGEuIts of m investi^ticn into the effiectlMaEss of buQt-ln-tBt (HH) oi airoaft yeepn systm ad its 
flpact ai cperatiaBl asessafaUity ad llfie <ycle ctst (I£C) are presaited l»ein. EOT effiectiA^eiesB vbb 
ford to be M^ in axrmt <3(EEatiaBl systens sdthaii^ erxoES in data ooUectlcn ad intopretatiai precluded 
M^ accurate neasuBiBits. Ixw BIT effiactlveneas had a negUgihk effect <n l«istlc simct (josts OflO. 
partlailady fir awiodc udts with modaate to Wj^ reUahdUties. It ws oaiduded tfat a inkr reascn fir 
inixDvinB BET effiectlvBiess was to increase its ability to detendne the staUs of missicn ssaitial subsystaiB 
(l.e. , increase qjetatlaal assassahllity). ^ 



73 



Dooieir 

UriL: a^ii2ii« StBoe Sixttlfi paraiEtrlc data fiar nalntaiiBbdllty 

tUBx tJSnSRf R. C 

ftAi A/(IHlGDcp., Hcustcn, TX) 

OFP: lEM tefaal ^stans Div*, Htwtcn, Tfecas. 

Sqit.-Oct.* 1983, p. 4a7-«3. 

HISSDON n/NOIG 
/B&: itudioc 

is introducBd, using moAilariaHi standard <^^?V*^ ^PZT^^ aii 

nnr be ooiUnEd in swrol l«els fior naintaiBnoe. ^^^^^'^f^™^^ _f aj-Qe g^xttle infiooiBtiai 
S. theatakgatW^lwel. These oonoepts take adwaita^ of the rasbdlity oE ^pace siicue mn™ 

S^dS te^ of teotrfigacatiai as fli^t experiare increases. 



.74 



No.: A2 



Title: Fault Tolerant Avionics Suite 



Operationa Requirement ; 

Avionics systems must provide for higher reliability by providing 
fault tolerance in support of manrated system availability. 



levels of 



Rationale : 

To support onboard checkout and mission success the entire avionics suite must 
be designed to provide that level of fault tolerance required to assure that 
the system is available when required. This is best accomplished by assuring 
the robustness of all mission critical systems, and providing fault tolerance 
where it is required . 

Saaple Concept: 

Pntnrp gygtomc mn,g^ ho Hog^gnoH such that systems in general can be dynamically 
configured to provide for more than one function. Should an allocated 
processor or sub-system fail, another processor with a lesser priority function 
should be assigned to reconfigure and perform the function of the failed 
processor. This forces a high degree of commonality, and distributed 
processing. Integrated Fault Tolerant Avionics Suite (IFTAS) is an example of 
this technique. 

Technology Requirement ! 

Distributed processing, layered architectures, commonality. IFTAS development. 

Technology References ; ^ 

NASA/RECON: 

86X10264, 86X10263, 86N20475, 86N20472, 86N20402, 86A47511, 

86A47442, 86A37043, 86A33194, 86A28062, 86A11452, 85X10244, 

85N30643, 85N23337, 85N16896, 85N16752, 85N11610, 85N11590, 

85N10711, 85A44565, 85A43489, 85A34179, 85A25108, 85A24795, 

85A17876, 85A17344, 84K10537, 84A41699, 84A26771, 84A26768, 

84A43946, 84A10052, 84A10001, 83N36337, 83N13819, 83A22825, 

82A14714, 82A13490 

See also E, Power 



75 



aaaaa64*« ESUB 7 CamXEr 37 FFK: I«fiM»«e98 TOS 1.15:88698 SSAXIAX) 263 MGB INIA^^ QW 

tEEtdES itD caastaxss 

UnL:Ekoo8Bdii«5 of I«BA.AitoiBtlaiariItobotics3hfaniBti^ Ei^aitatioB 

IfatEdal, UahBEdsy Sessiai 
aW:!fatiaBlAffaHutl(sariStaoeAtairristratiai. lyntoB. Jdran ^pace Gaiter, ftustcn, Tac IfC: E3 

can: IHOH) SDOES; \fcdcshop held at ftXBton, Tk., 13-17 Vay 1385 

MySs /^RnEICML IMHLIEEKE/ *Fiy[IT OTHUWI/ *MW WOIC SBEB/ 'KF^ ^6^^ 

MDR AxiBnmvBiav cnoBDLHiirafNiy snmiBALii^ 



Ok: B.G. 



ABS: Ttopics ptegaitfid indutes optical saving; man nachlne intetfece; ^^^^^•^'==^^5'^^,,,^^ 

KkS; n*t>ti«s; artifidal inteUigaioe; raiDte satellite sa:vidi«; desdgi °f^ ^ J^ 
sSoctrf ntodcs; adwsnoe telapecatoc tedndogr, octttaL space statioi central qsteiB; axi caisp 

opecatkns* 

•••••#•••••••♦••♦•••••••••••♦♦•••'••••••••••***********'**********'****************'****** 

8aaa2fi3*# ese 7 csmnDr 37 Rm: Nf^TM-aoe nk i.i5:886i6 as^rxvo) 529 bcb ira^^ ow 

i£aC3E5 /N> OKIIUCnBS 

UEIL:ftaBBdii«5 of IBS&AitaiBtimaiiRtotlcsMD™ PtesartatioB 

Matedal 
OBP: tetioHl Aaonauda ari S^BOB AArdnistratlcn. I^fnta B. Jdrecn *ace Oaiter, Haustm, Tfec »C: E3 

CK): IKDED SDOES; \fcdc*Dp heOd at ftXBton, Tk., 13-17 I^ 1S85 

M(us. /^^KdHEML iNiEunEErn/^<nmaBauiHfNiy^ffliHiasiHfi/^«^ HcaMERiNy 

* *»w r«fflttE sxsiDB/ <cimMi SMS SMHOB/ «ra3ca^ *sie^ 

MBBt //eamS^ OMUnR VBinV IIFE SBKFT SSSIH^ 

YEfflOR PorocAsniG 

/»U B.G. 

AK: Ftooitatias QO««Bi tte finllo»i«t topics: prototype cjqpart systaisj life afpoct qfstan ccntrolj qstans 

S^ ptanliW Wloai aitOBtiai; power ^ystans autcmatkn; hjim factoo crgineeriiw nai nadiine 
tatafeosTtBiDtE satellite saviduR vaatha: fiocecastii« ^BtarB; and fault tBikraice conuting. 

89Q0«5*» ISSUE U Bffl 1733 QflHOTlS Rm? I«aU»rl77840 NftS 1.26j1778« MX>a3«A4«^ (Mt: NftS-28082 
aS/12/CO 7 VIS 435 IMGE5 UOASSIEEED nXXlQir 

UnL:SkaDB statioi drta sf/stan aalysia/ardTitectute stu*r. HbA.2: qptioB dewekpieit. »5. ^feUjiB2: Desiffi 

Gpticns 
aiP:Md3B«ll-Bd«lasAstraHUtic8Q)MBk«tl^ iHOLmSlPx BCA19/IFM 

<ji) t mOQ) SDOES 

wiS' /mmBSiSE (oofuiHB)/ ^amMDomi iewrs/ ^cofWiR sbeb eesiov <aifuiro sbihb mxmB/ 

^BIMJVaOIMA SSSEB^ KiOm SEWS SDOICIC/ <Sa^ 

MDB: /iaraNiff^ oMuiiR nfOMSEnw s3Fm/ Jxskvi^wmstwcsisBS/ vtox-mBiKS/ TUB ffiftareany 

UIKSUIEia6 

76 



fBla M.G. 

NSi The prbnaay cbjecttve of Ikdc 2 is the dEMelopnait of an infioPTBticn base that vUl suRurt the ocnduct of 
frp^ studies aid provide suffidait data to make k^ desisp/pccgtannatLc dedsicns. Ihds includes: (1) the 
estafalifhiHit of optLcn categories that are nest likely to influBioe S^aoe Staticn Cbta ^nstan (SSS) 
defirxlticn; (2) the identificatiai of |a.efiaial optiais in each categocy; ad (3) the characteri?arini of 
these opt with respect to pabirirmue attributes, ocnstraints, cost and ri^ Ihis voIxjib OGntains the cptiofis 
developiBit for the desigii cat^goiy* Ihis category ocnfidses altaJsttiMe structures^ ccnfigurations and 
tedndques that can be used to da^lop desigis that are resposive to the sas roquiraiEnts. Ihe specific 
areas dloT^*?*^ are softuaret inrrliiting data base managsiHit and distributed opasttii^g systeis; systen 
arcMtecturet includirg fault toleranoe and systen grovth/autcnation/autcixny and systsa interfaoes; tine 
and systan security/privacy. Also <tiqpitqgprf are space camuiicatiGns and Inral area netvnEkir^. 



89£D472A# ISSUB U »£E 1732 OOHnff 18 BFR: mSM2U177839 N!fi 1.26:177839 Ff]C^ffl343& CNI»: NAS-280B2 a5/Q&AX} 
379 IKGES IKlASSailED DOCUCNr 

UriL: S^Boe staticn data system analysis/architecture stud^. Ibsk 2: Optiais dsMelopnafit [B-5« Volune 1: 
TQchxxlqgy options 

CIBP: McDtmell-Dxglas i^trcneutics Cb., Bntingtcn Beach, Oilii,; Ford Aerospace and Ocnnuiications OqcPm 
Sui^vale, C^Iif.; lEH Faderal ^nstens C&v., C^ C^naMaaL, Flau; Radio Qxp. of kveadcaif EdLb/voodf C^dif. 
AVAELNnS 

SAP: BCA17/MFA01 

C3Dr INnor SERIES; R:€pared in cooperation vith Fbrd AeKJspaoe Cbmnunicaticns Oarp>, Sinnyvale, C^QifM IIH 
Baderal S^^stsns DLVm Cafe Canaveral, F]a« and Radio Gbcpocatlai of America, HsUyvax!, Calif. 

MUS: /*ARCHnBCniE (OMUIHB)/ ^KEMEUIER SXSIHB EESDU/ ^KIMEUIER SXSEMS HCGRAMS/ ^DfflA SKIWCE/ ^*®D-TD^rO 
MA SJSIBMS/ -KFESSXPL SB«E SKEKIB/ * SBIEMS mnSIS 

MD6: /iSHHCEAL MHLDGEHE/ OMiNIOaXGN QffiUS/ EAUT TGURNE/ mi WCSOE SJSQHS/ SB3»L TBHSSSSSW 
3JPNSET00LS/ gffCH RBODCJMiliUl 

ABS: Ihe seccnd task in the Sjpaoe Staticn E^ta ^stsn (SSS) Analysis/Architecture SUx^ is die developnait of an 
infioanaticn base that will support the ocnduct of trade studies and provide sufdciait data to make k^ 
desiffi/pcggramatic dedsions. Ihis Mxlune identifies the p refiaT ed options in the technolqer category and 
chacacterizes these opticns with respect to peifijuHme attributes, ocnstraintSy oost, and risk. Ihe 
tednolQey category includes advared materials, pcooesses, and techrdques that can be used to enhance the 
inpilaiHitation of SSS desigi structures. Ihe specific areas d1sngg«1 are ness stocaget indudixf; space and 
rand cn-line stocage aid off-line storage; nEn/teddne intor&ce; data pcocessirig hardiBre, includirg flifi^t 
ocofuteES ail advonced/fault toilacait ccqputar architectures; and softuere^ includii« data oc npce s sic n 
algocitliiB, on-boord hd^ level laqguages, and softwre tools. Also dlsawspd are artificial inteUigenoe 
applications and hard-wire oonmnicaticns. 

89004021 ISSUS U BMZ 1721 (XOSOS 6 8SA39/0O 15 BICES WUSSIFim OOCUfNT 

UIIL: Bedwdsncy nEnsganent of s^fchccncus ard a^jnichixncus ^ystass 

iHIIH: A/BffiffiQRUrS, G. M. 

CnP: Hassachsetts list, of lladu, CMxic|9e« CSS: (l2b. fx OmpMer Science.) SlMLJifns 

SAP: HC MJIAW fCO. In tCltD Rult Ibleont fttduare/SoftiBre i^idiltBctuce 15 p (9E 166-20399 ll-OB) 

JDt UNEIED i S rBIWr 

77 



MiNS: /ffinnoEs/ aNDRGL sisiEMS TJESDH/ msusnc MbmUB 

tBki Aithor 

ABS: ytdlB acjnrhtxnous systans may initially sfpeeac atttactive ds to the uioxjiiilirig tlie diemels, tihe 
GCGGS-dEnd intecactions are nuch greater thai ^tet nd^t be eqBcted. Both synchrcnous aid aGyndnxnaus 
systaiB share the burdEn of croGS-dHfiEl coisistency neintenancet the requdxenent that iiputs aid intenBl 
states are not alloued tt> diviage tcx> far &an each other. In £actt oonsistancy nadntaiaice often dcndnates 
the eng^iiBEacirg i ^ v^"^ in a coczectly desiffsd s^ystenu In as»ynchraicus systCDBt ocnsistency mednteriBnoe takes 
tte foon of croGS-chamel ecfLBlizatlati akng witli tedidqiBS for hendlirs discrete dsngss in cpecatixs ncde. 
In ^yndiroKus systsiBt ocnsistency naintensnoe is inpLEDBited witii source oongri B xg algorithms, ^nchronous 
ad asiynchrcraus systsns nust botli sjppact reliahLe resoludai of reckndant chaneL outputs, the pcooess of 
isolatiis oorrect effectuator oannands fran faulty ones. A correctly desiffied sc^xhrcnous sysXan nc^ rely en 
eact bit-for-Ut votii^ to isolate faul^ chanels, Udle m assynchnnus system nust eqiky ncce heuristic 
ncaB sudi as thcesiidd and reasonablaiess tests. Ihis r e s e air h ccndudes that data synchcoious principle is 
t}£ e|:ixoach of choice, the ^stens provide gsnecal purpose ^/chides on \iiich increasdi^ conpLex aid diverse 
fli£^t critical applicatiais wey eoecute. 

86A47S11^ ISSLE 23 »£E 3403 CfflHXEOr 6 BETft: AIM BffSl 86-2000 86/GB/OO 10 EI£E5 INIAS^^ 

UnL: Dsdgfi QOsideEatiais for fli^t test of a fault iiifiai irg ncnlinear detecticn ^ysten al^prithn for avionics 
sensors 

mSBs A/CtaXHit ti. YL; AnmaiAyPM.; cmHHL, F. R. 

FtA: B/(QHrlBS River Anlytics, Inc., CSniiAfeB, M\); C/(NftSA, la«L^ Research Gaita:, ftnptcn, VA) 

OBP: OBTles River ^kiedytics, Inc., CMxidge, Mass.; (bticnal ^ecoBUtics ad S^ace MidnistratiGn. langley 
Regeardi Oenter, Haipton, ^^ 

C3D: mnED SCtOES; AIM, Oddanoe, Navi^tion end Cbntrd Gcnferaxse, mUansbuEg, VA, Al«. m-20, 1SB6. 10 p. 

mjS: /AAmCBAFT 01010/ ^^inHUCS/ ^ALS AU»fi/ ^tiU TOJSmE/ mSST TESTS / ^CAU«N FIUE8S/ ^^UHaiGCR 

AEIUCKniNS 

MD6: /ADHRC/ StOBRE QGHEUEEBS/ AIBCBAFr UHaSS/ AUXECnBC/ EEHR OEIBCmN (JEES/ OOIXKE ^GOBS 

tela Aitter 

tBSt Ihis papa: smnBodaes the nodlficaticns made to the dasdgi of a £ault infiecrins nonlinBar detecticn system 
(EDCS) algorithm to aoQcnmodate fli^ ocniuter ccnsiraints ad the reoiltiii; iqact m tis algorithn 
parfiomenoe. ki ovcrviar of the fli^ data-driven EMS algoritln is presented. Ihis is foUowed ly a brief 
aalysis of the effects of oodiflGaticiB to the algoritim on pcogcam dae ad csoecutiai speed. Sigiificent 
i niEwmm ts in estinaticn petlbuimue for the aLnxaft states ad noonal operating sensor biases, ^hich have 
resulted fccm ininMed noise desd^i paia i e t ei's ad a nev stea^^-state wind mode!, are doonented. Hie aircraft 
state ad saisor fades estknaticn pttfuumiLia i of the algocLttin's cxtaded Kalsen filta: are presented as a 
finction of i|date &ecijency of tts pieoewlse ocnstant filter gpins. Ifae results of a nev detectim systan 
stxatqey ad &ilure detecticn pacfoaEnae, as a finctUn of ai ifdate frecMency, are also presented. 

8^74421 ISSUB 23 H£E 3409 GKEBnor 8 BPI>: AIM BffCR 86-2092 QOf: JMSS-SMMM SG/OQ/O) 10 BKXS 
INIASSIEIH) OOCIlQir 

UnL: A theory for fiault-tolaant flij^t oontrol caiixiniis cxpart systsn end analytiGal redudany concepts 

AUm: A/SraCEL, R. F.; B/BttIZU«N, D. A. 

WAX A/(Fdnoetai UiivBcslty, NX) 

QDs INEIH) i>l#H^ 

78 ■ 






AB&: Ajtixx: 



tal«a«. ^^tait Q^^S^S^^SJSSrf^'^nE^ ^^'' r«l-tte fault 
MUiteacOTimxbtlmtadcsdiediS^ri^S^ the pcoUfln of 

^^r «i control feili^TTd^S^SS^^W^^."^ .^ 

taifaiHDtor telioopt»TSJd<s^^1™^J^ disOTte-tdme detenninistlc sinulatlaB of a 

86A3X)0*»ISaE16ME2«BC«IKnCf6lCM»: ^wa■^ 86/tMD 6 E«E INIASSIEIH) DXIlflff 
Uni. Itecmfiguratim alffrithns fix tree ardiitectiKes u^ 
^WH: MOKE, M. B.; aWCB, tf. K. 

BftA: B/(minois, UriMosily, IJHhh) 
" OEP: Illinois Ihiv,, IHhh. 

CaD: Wnm SEKIESj lhtematia«l Onferaioe oi Pkilt-M-^t qo«to» -^ n. ^ .^ 

Hi»= /iiflFtns. nm u^«s. DiEim crmm/ mmiri BG^ 

AB&: Aitfaor 

86<ffil» EaE M BSffi 208O Cfflmro eO 85AXVTO 6 BflGB U^^ 

urn. F^t-tal«a,t ad fail^ ^a«»^ ^^ fi, ,^ ,^^, ^^^ 

^UH: A/SCHGd, E. 

mx A/(SlaiBi8 A3, RatlsniK, Htet Gtaay) 
ODt GBMttff, RIHMLFaULICCF 



SSS^^SSnS^directoa^Wope^ti^^^ 

unL: Rtit-tritaaBBomidacatiaB inlaid, „ultdpl^im«sor ^ystans 

taos A/Ha, J- G.; b/ihw. s. m. 

EM: B/CIowB, Ihiwasity, las. City) 

™ ««« rv«„t«r OSai 0018-9162). vol. 19. IteA 1986, p. 5«7. *««* ^Wrted ly the 
SanlotriuctocBBseatdiGDtp. ariAtny. 

MUS- /*ai«lffi SBIHB nSIQV ^«I1 T[IER»I^ ^HIII^ 

«W«^ fait tt^S?« ^ ^ "^S^iat ^««i *n>* «pllcaticn and neddrg. 
repair, and reocMacy* , 

dna 

ftxiiiiili Qaita:. Benf^an, ^ 

CT)t UlEIB)SDaE5 

. w««» Qnfiaooe. 5th, Ifl« BebA, Q^ October 21-23. 1985. Ttetinkal ftpas iiSMim 

„,»: /iOHHaflEBS/ ^ITFinM/ HEDC 737 AKBAFiy «^ 



ma tuOac 

80 



Mstel® »d statistics for the flight data sensots ate ddsoBsai. "Ms is fioUowBd ly ai anlaHSn rf 
aral^ bjr iiuectuir hdas failures into fcurtem sensor outputs over six rqietltl^ tins of the^TZiS 

^^iJ^^^'^'l^^t'''^''^'''^'^^^'^'^' In ^reaent with earlier 
^ «n^ ?»d is fester fia: filter DBaEUDaiHit sensors such as MS tiHi for filter imit sobos 

S^.^^i^'^'f^'^Sff- f^y''*«P««^^•«rfifi<^tia»oftheEI^S^S«lted^^ 
accamcdate flight oonpjter ocnstraints is discuBsed. «»'*^*u«i uoxj^i lo 

8SaiBW*#BSLE5QaHIBr62KPI*: r«SWIM-77ai2 MS 1.15:77012 

(Mi: NftSW-3541 83AEAX) 345 BflCES imASSnm) nXIlBff K 

UTIL: Rult toileEEnt acniuter systsns 

MB: A/TETT, E.; B/SCBHHOaL, H. Rff: A/ed.; B/ed. 

OBP: Ibticnal Aetcnautics and Staoe Ahrinistiatim, Ifeshir^tcn, D-C. 

"^ r*^ ^SS!^!SSf 2 Slf- 'y!5!!:^aeo)Assodat«.Hed«xriCity,(Mlf. Pte««ed at Cbnf. 
5nr«2liS^7*^"S ^*'^^- ^^H*«ches for Self-Ca^pasiis, Rult-Maait Cbnprtets aid 

2SKZ^J"JSLi!r^ ^*' ^-^ "^- ^ P 1-322 ■taHl. into i«^ ^ 
"'WiIa:tala±?Erde HediKCsystaiE, GI Fbchtagii«" Hnidi, v. 54, 11-12 ffer. 1S82 p 1-322 

AB: M.G. 

^ ^2;2^if*2if^^ ** *** cafeHtt on the state of the art n) theocetical awtoadies fir 
^'^^^L,^^^'^°^^^^ ocnpitas axi ndaxprooessors in fest Qen»y ate oai!>iled.^nic areas 

softsate, atdiltBctute, aid feult-tolaant nultioajiiuter siystets. «™*i«u«i, 

aaa)643 ESE 19 BflGB 3332 CXmnff 60 84AX>a) 1Q6 MEES irOA^^ 

UTIL: QaoefijI fault toleEaioe in laige nettcdcs of mictoocnpitas US: Ih.a BmIs 

^Um: A/fOmLy B. K. 

(ZBP: ttQne State Udv., Dettoit, VOxh. 

SAP: Awdl: (hiv. MictofLlnB (Ms N). IX8S04841 

ODt (NEIH) SEHOES 

Hyst /«QiiuimtiroHcy< n rF BinHi iH3«xEssiNy*K^ 

MIN5: /AlflEEBB/ cniinm SSSmB EHOTMWO:/ EF^ 
/BA: Dissart. Afastr. 

Rpeatai reocnfiffratlcn is jreaited in detail to hdp iifrove th^icee of SS^»^ ttJ SlaS 

81 



aiwqstaiidi^^nstic thBDiy is psposed. 

unL: ItaBUtanait a£ SIFr operating ?ysta» cweriiead 

/MH; A/MIIB), D. L.; B/HDUR, R. W. 

aW:JbtiaBlAenmid««i^^^*ninistratim. la^ R«ar* O^ta:, ^ta. ^^ AVmJCIS 

SAP: KilOQ/iriOL 
QD: umEDSDOES 

MDB: /im BAS l«««a€Nr SBIH6/ H«K /»Bl2a^ 
ilBft: BJUL 

SrfvSlo«5CK(rf the awallaUfiptocessii« tine. 

asmfiB9eHI EM 8 Bffl m QflHnff 6 aSAllAX) 12 BOS UOA^ 

iMH:A/9ttm,H. E.; B^PDUB, W. B.; C/Wa«R, J. 

»A: B.(Ftod«a IhtemdoBl Ocp., D«nV. Cfllf.)? C/(Bod«ll 3ht«BtiaBl Ocp., ttW. caif.) 

af^.^doBlAenm^csariSp^Alninistratim. I^B. .W«n *a« (^t«:, toBto. T«. mumS 

SAP: aCA25/»iOlIhitsStaoeShxttlBTteA. Qrf., Ft. 1 p 64-75 (SE fflS.l£8B9 (».12) 

QD: mEODSEKIES 

(KIN) IBIS' HOHT ^««GE^fNIy TEST EAOlinES 
/BA: M.G. 

sretaTM fU*t readbr focSES-l. The aHwadi wd inptaiwlatiai plan is dIacsBsai, aw own jkomu^ 
p^bilfliB ail aoseaoait issues are deeat vith. 



aaflfi752» ISSUE 8 Bffi 1D66 QOHnff 1 84/l(MI) 6 KGES INlifiSI^ 

miL; A wspn systaa design appcceA tD diag^xstics 

AUm: A/ICUMN, G. V.; B/BtOOaik, H. 

?tAt A/(Giocdaio ^tesodates, Lx., Arlinstoi, \^) 

dBP: Itaval ELactzanc S^fsteiB CbmEnd, \fe*ingtcn, D.C. AVAH-NUS 

SfiP: HC A13/» KIL In iGHD CBsia™ for Tactical Aidcnics Ifeintaindjility 6 p (SHE ffl5-16731 CB-Ol) 

OD: INnEDSEKIES 

mJS: /*4SmmS/ ^CCWBEMfNiyiHXBIFy BHAEHIB/ ^*MMNIIN»IE/ '•WEAKN SBIEM5 

MDB: /miFICUL IMEUIEaiE/ OOBJUR AIEED CESUN' (XmnSR AEED HtfUFACJUEaNy OBIS/ mDanOV EMIT 
TTlFR ANnV SXSIBS SGDCEKINS 

iSA: R.S.F. 

ifflS: ftovldii« a dis»rstics caiJeWUty for todsy's waapcn systens requires a nultifacetHi oniiiratiai of ha cAare , 
softsare, ad pasamel. Tte a|)prach to providing dds capability is ftacticratBd aaxtg a m*a: of diffierait 
oamuiities (e.g., tsstir^, training, luBn a^inaering, publicaticn wrltas). The reait is teflfictad in the 
field, Oae the tahridai Ibs beai fuaddied a nyriad of tools aid doanHitatiai, vWdi is ccnfijsing, canilac 
ari oftai QtntraHctory. The result is laigdy repair times and a vaste of nanpoo: aid doUacs. The basic 
reesn fine this di^iosdc d^daxy is the lade of ai integrated design apptoach to providing this capa bility 
and ti« ireJbility to trasition tedmlcglcal advaxanaits to WBapoi qstans acquisitlaB. Recait DEpartimnt 
of DfefiaBe ani U.S. industry ef fect s to solve this probLem are disajsged. 

fflOlSlDIHSaE 2 ME 2^ QOHncr 63 RPI*: i«Mai3930 8V06AX) 17 E«SS llOASSIEIED DOOMNT 
UriL: Artificial inteUigEnoe ttfi T M cheB to ncnitoring systan integrity 

turns MVsaa^yV^. a. 

(IIiP:Q)laa4)lhiv., BoildHr. CSS: (Inst, at Oaffiti?^ Sdaat.) MSUfHS 

MP: KA22/»ADlIhDa»«IteseacdilrBt. Artlfidai InteUigax* in Mdntamae p 257-273 (SEE J85-11592 02-63) 

QD: INHEDSEKIES 

mjss /tmmopL mhuoke^ M\BflLffliimy ^cowier Tsamss/ -fwoxsis/ mbjonc Huroooy ^ehrt 
sxsDac/ *mii laxsmz/ *iimsm/ mumjumnin/ *sssiem FAiiiiEy *sz5idb iWRusis 

MD6: /tSBOa/ HCHBf SGUDG/ FOIAEmiY 
tS^ Aithor((SA) 

ifflS: This pepff inttoduoM the onwpt of artlfidal inteUJaBXB-hBBBd (cBqpert) systans fioc ohaidng^Bten 
awiMjdIity tteoi^ safstan integrity nodtxaring aii systan diagnosis. Such eqpert ^Btans use kncwWBP a«i 
Infiecane nBdwdaiB to solve ptdJlaiB Orlch wxild otdlrarily raniirB the csqjertise of the best tumn 
aactitiaKS in the field. Tte peper dancnstrates the sericuBness of fiailute and eq;)]ains %*y seveal 
todltiaBlnBti«3dsofaBui±ss3fStBnavaIUWlity, reliaUUty, axi naintainahUity fail in certain inpoctent 
oases, e.g., intaudttsnt Mlures. /tt outline of the hnm diagpostic ptoUaiKSDlving process is pcesaited 
tdth a oaipjtatiaHl mim. A s^qptom^Hged eqsrt diasnstic systBt<*) is IntroAjoed with its eady ail 
^irreeefiii tcsults in £ault pcedlctim. 

ffiNUSSOl BSUB 2 Rffi 2A4 CaOHIRr 62 EPI*: )awaA56«) AED»«-0B4inR 00*: AP-AFD»4m7-80 a3A»/00 12 MffiS 
IKIASSIEIH) OOOUfNT 

83 



UnL: BauLt tciLesait ocnfutiiig tesearch US': Final Beport, 1 Jul. 1980 - 30 Jiii. 1983 

tiBBz A/BMSm, D. K. 

QORP: Qaldail lidv., Rcxhester, Mich. CSS: (School of B:cinaeni«0 AVAELNEES 

SAP: W:ta2AVPOl 

QDi UmiDSEKIES 

WUS: /^i^ffiCHIIBCIIfE (CDfUISS)/ MXIBJSRIEBKWS/ ^fiUTlOLEBi^ (COfUMS)/ mfD-dU 

tBfjOr lEHKES 

MDS: AIHEUIER mHOOES/ nESHOBUM) mCESSBXi/ FIFTIKIC (XNB3XSS/ EEHR COSECntE (ZEES 
ABA: GSA 

AB5: DUrix^ this tqiiLti ig perlal» three nain toplGS were iiv^sti^ted: (1) Desiffi of fault tdasnt OGnpitas 
usin? readonly nBsries as basic buHdli^ blocks; (2) Design of ^jtmLai i m bil e logic acra^ and sequential 
netModcs far testability; aii (3) Design of fault tolerant ouLtipcoQessor netwodc architectuces. Scne titles 
of the resultbig pepess ate: SeqiEntial netModc design using extia inputs for fault detectioi; A dass of 
midizectional error cocrectiiig codes; A udfoam rqjr es a itation of pecnutatiGn netModcs used in neray 
ptooess o r interocmectlGns; and A fault tolerarit ccnnudGatiGn architecture for distributed systEDS. 

aSNlOm^ ISSK 1 B£E 106 QOHZIDr 62 BFIt: N!SA-TH-«6304N!fi 1.15:86304 84/09/00 51 HX^ 

UTIL: QnnuiiGations protoooiLs for a fault toikEaity in^gcated local area netModc for Sjpaoe Station applicatLcns 

MM: A/^EFE^^H, B. D. 

OEP: Ifaticnal Aercnautics ad Sjpaoe Atadnistratiai. lane^ Beseardi Qaita:, Knptait ^ AVAELNHS 

SAP: KAOi/MFAOl 

QD; IMUD -^tfnsR 

iBki Aithor 

ABS: Ihe CMoilutiQnaEy gcovth of the Staoe Staticn and the diveEse activities ontxBcd ace eqpected to cequtte a 
hierarciy of int^gtatedylocal area netMorics rapflhlp of sufsporting datSy Mtxioe and video ocnntniGations. In 
additiont fault tolerant netinck operaticn is neoessary to protect caminicatians betwBEn critical syslBns 
attached to tlie net and to rpliwe the ^^sQififale lunan resou r oes onhoaud SpBCB Staticn of daQF-to-d^ data ^ystan 
repair tasks. An c»periinaital, local area network is bedi^ ds/eLoped ^Mch viU serve as a testbed for 
iiwBStig^ting candidate algoritfaiB and tectmiLogies for a fault tdleEanty integrated netwrk* Ihe 
establisiiiBit of a set of niles or protocols \iiich gcMem. coimnlcaticns oi the net is essential to obtain 
orderly sni reUafale operation* A hierarchy of protocols fix the cype rine ntal neticck is presaited and 
pDooeduDBS for data and cmtcol ccmudcations are described* 

8SM4S65 ISSUB 21 BAGE 3166 QOHZIDr 66 85/(^ 
UnL: ilnalytical failure-detectikn usixc adaptive, secondary obsecvecs 
/um: A/SmfR, H. 

BAA: A/CRafisel Annsment Devekpnant Audiorlty, HBd&, Israel) 

84 



OD: laWHL; Journal of C^Jtindzatlcn Theoy aid AppUcaticns (ISai 0022-3239), vdI. 46, A«. 1985, p. 591-604, 
MUS: AftDfllTOE OMHa/ ^KENIBCL SESEEMS TSSBH/ -^Ml TOHWCE/ lOTCTRU ARnTr y (SXSIBMS) 
HNS: /GCNIBCL SEfflHin/ CHWEPGaCE/ MfflRKES (WOUMSEKS)/ SSSIEMS SMIAEKN 
^EA: Mhor 

ABS: Ihe prcUfln of desiaibig analytical faOure-detBCtiai systsne, usb^ adaptive ohservecs, is aHr^mcac3»^ in this 
pafier. faUupe-detec t ic n srystsns can be applied to linear nuLti-irTput, nulti-ouQxit ^ystans ard are related to 
the €9cndnatlai of the n-dlneTsiaHl ohsa:vB: error ^^ectoc ^ch carries the necaessary infionnatlon en pya?i bl<^ 
fiailuces. This sppcoedi leads tcrard the design of hydy sensitive fsdlure detactiai srystaiB, obtainir^ a 
xxdqje fiiie^acpcint for evey posslhle fsdlure (abrupt or soft). In order to Veep the observes felse-alarm 
rate under a oertain sppcified value, it is necessary to hawe an aooEptabLe matdiiiig between the ohsa^«' irodel 
and the system paransters* It Is shcMi here that properly desigied adaptl^^ observers are ahio to detect 
abr upt chan ges in the systan (actuator, smsor failures, etc.) with adequate reliahility. CkrxiitlQra for 
odwergEnQe for the adaptive observer algorithn ate obtained. Good traddr^g perfoonanoe with gnall observe: 
cuQut errors, mplBJ with aoourate ad fast parameter idaitificatlcn in both detenranistlc erd stoctestic 
cases, is obtained. 

85^43489 ISSLE 21 Bjffl 3157 CfflHUCf 60 gVKVm 12 VfiC^ rOTASST PTm rmiCMT 
UnL: Architecture optimizatlcn of aPi Tisp^^^ oonputiiig systens 

miBi A/mm, a.; b/sih^ v. v. s. 

EAA: A/(Mitlcnal Aercnautical laboratory, Bangploce, India); B/(3hdian Institute of Sclaioe, Bfefsalore, liriia) 

OD: IMHA, IHE TiarBactlcns en Qrputers (IS3^ 0ai8-93«)), vd. C-32, Oct. 1983, p. 911-922. 

MyS: AflHBBEfiCE SKSIEMS/ MIEHRE/SEfiCEHRE OMUIHB/ ^««CHnBCmRE (OMUEEBS)/ ^"amilHl SEEEMS CESEN/ 
^MITIMIZmaV ^"JEAL TDE CKRfflDON 

MIN5: /AlflEnHB/ DSMftMDC HC3«MflKy EMIT TOmNS/ VnOUBITU MUEHCCESSING (OCMRIIHB)/ T TOTARnTTV 

fBfa Aittxr 

ABS: Sinul tanBcxB oc nsi d etat icn of both peifeaiiHme and reUability issues is inpcrtait in tie dmce of onputer 
architectutes for real-time aannHif appUcaticns. One of the requiranEnts for such a fault-toilerant conputs 
system is tie charactedstlc of g racgftil d^gEadatlon. A shared and replicated resauroes ocnputin: systen 
cepresEnts such an architecture. Li this paper, a ocnfainatcrial model is used for the evaluatlGn of tte 
instructiai eHeoutiGn rate of a d^gtadable, replicated resources ccoputiic; systen such as a nrrttlar 
nultiprocessor system. Next, a method is presaited to evaluate the oonputatiai reUahUity of such a systsn 
utUlzirs a reliahility gtaph model and tie irstructicn esoeaitiai rate. Pfaally, this arputatlcn relUbillty 
"Baare , \iiich sinultaneously descr ib es both pafiummiue ad reliahility, is applied as a ccretraint in m 
arcfaitBcture optlmizatlcn model fior such ocoputipg systans. 

85*34179 ISSLE 15 EflGE 2235 QflHaCBT 62 RPI»: ^W161356 AFDaWIta5-0934 CMl: AF-^WH^ftJ-OBZ 85^15/00 14 MES 
INIASSEFIED DOOlCtr 

UnL: C^randcaUy restructurabiLe fault-tolerant pcooessor netrnk architecture 

UMi A/HMHM, D. K. 

BAA: A/Olassachjsetts, IMversity, Aifaerst, m) 

CE): INHH) SHOES; IEEE Ttansacticns on CfcnputeEs (ESI 0018-9340), vd. C-34, Jty 1985, p. 43M47. 

MMS: AWCHnHCWE (OlfUIHS)/ ^KXmsm TESON/ "VBECOL ODWUBERS/ tOSKIBUIH) HIXESSIHy *FAIIT TEUWNE/ 
^MIZIEHXESSDG (GDffUIHS) 

85 



MDB:/ asams/ msmmo bsewcur sxsihb/ Muiyoumir poumES/ «ss«e wxEsswy msm. msss/ 

ttetUEL HOESSnG (OnfUIHB)/ EfiKHmNS (M«II«M«EKS) 
tBki Author 

^^^ ^ dSfierait Icgical^mfigMratdoB to suit di^ Hore inprtaitly, 

2S StrSSl^SSiS^rxrt^SSevBi after tte(xxiin«« of faite^ 

hudS-irasaiiiita^partofthB<tesign,androtasdretiaditlaBDy,ly *e 

JSTmiSk; hit^ I^ovidefirgcaoBd^Eadatlm-aninprtentaiBidaatim in ay fait-tnlaait 



ffiA2Sl£B ISSUS 3D Bffl 1446 QOHIK 60 84/iOAD 4 BftOS UOA^^ 

UnL: tefioniBnoB/rellEWllty nBasures fin: fauLt-tolaait caqMting ^ystans 

tUOs AASm., S. 

!«A; A/^inriiiina Udwersity, ffi^pshi-^irodiinB, Japen) 

CH): JftBW; 3EffiTtareactiaBaiReLiahilltyCISaJ001B-9529), vol. R-33, Oct. 1S84, p. 26B^71. 

»US: /*aifOIHl SBIM FHWRMCE/ ^MT TOIR^ 

MDB: /HSBHSBE/ MIBF/ STEADIT SBOE/ THRESllIB 

ABft: Alttxx 

ABS- SoiB feult-toilaait oan«tir« qstaiB ate discussed aii aistii« tdiaUU^rnBraro &•« 

the nan 



ffiA2«9&M» BSUB ID Hffl 1347 CfflHXKr 18 85A2AX) 4 BffiS INl^^ 

UCIL: BfaiUns i°iLe fioc aitony in odlltaiy sfBoe 

/Um: A/EI«I6t a D.; 2/QJBISl, R. R. 

I»A! A/(caifQniia Institute rf Ttodinkey, Jtt ftopulslm Idxratoy, ft^ B/(lBflP, *ace TednJcgsr 

Gaiter, Kirtlail PtBf NO 
aW:Jet ftcpiIsia.Id>.,caifDrnia]h5t. of Ttedi. , ftsadsB. ; Air Pocce ^Boe Tfedmtagy tetter, Kirtlaii AFB, 

M. Madoo. 
OD: IwnEDSMESj ABtospaoe iterlca (ISSN CI74&-7220. ^. 23, Feb. 1S85, p. 74-77. 
YtJSt ySMIKNlfi/ ''MnZDiOr SBKZSAFT 

MDC: /AUBRe/ffiSaaHB OMUOFS^ MDHIAL MHUEEKE/ BJEHff SBIH6/ RUT TCUWKE/ (MMTO DSIA 
HDQESSDG 

tOa M.SX 

i^ He Jet PtoDQlsim Idxwtory is oumntly tiHBfien±« satdllte o^^ 

» innd3lS!waBOBcnA8sanMBa£lowB±«thBgranis^^ *"* *!?"**^**!.?^ 

<n tiK VJkii« ari\*?B8KS|ae*craftadpeBaltt0ion-toacdfajltdBtoctim«d oooectim. Nar Bllltaty 

86 



^^£ ^ Sf^ y^ be periodically chBcteri an Qcnpared with ai IdaTto te LS^ 
tedatiais detected wlH reailt in a roUhadc ari mtntait eaniiScn by t^ ntorDoL^. ^ 
i?^S,**'^^.r^'"^°P^^^°^t^^^««t. Thedw^cpnartQftte^SrSstBBtoS 
paint that they satisfy mUltary spedficatlajs is espected to tdc 10 yrT^ ^^ ^^ 

85A17876»]SaE6Eflffi6B6CairaKr4RPI*: AIM B(m 84n27C8 84AX1AD 5 EffiES UOifiSIPim IIXI^ 

UnL: ^Rdcnics hanluaie design fir testability 

MB: A/msOL, B. L.; MJm^ S. L. 

BSA: B/(Qaiaal Eirandcs Ootp., Fxt Warth, TX) 

CD): INCIEDSEKIES 

^'' 2?S;, '^'^ S"' ODnfeTBKe, 6th, BaltdnDce, M), Ebrenter 3-6, 19B4, ItooeediiBS (A85-178QI 0S43L) 
ftor Yodc Anericai IhstltutB of Aeraaitlcs ad AstroHUtlcs, 1984, p. 4S&-5CE. k«>.x/cwi umu;. 

*™^' iSJ^S/SJSS®^ ^™^ (nfOHMHS)/ (BSr EFFBCUVBESS/ MERfflH) OKmS/ OQQfiED QOA 
HOESSINyFaiffllLEiy/MOSIS/SHFTESIS/SKIHfiEHnM^^ «i«««u uamia- u«UMl DRia 

ABA: TJL 

SSL^ tDiotd hifijier degrees of int^tioi in electrode equipHit. CbriBit ptohteT in feS? 

J^S. ^^"^^r^^' *etiiBliMtatlaBafnmBlocsoft«re.r«idait^^ti«slSe 
SSSS nf^rtf^oJif? ^ "^tyated^irodt-le^ oontirmB or saniantirmB self-t«tii« for te 

!n:r!!!!!!.!!^!!r *^^'°^^*°' at?ystan-test QGntmllas, ad a buLt-meeamit systmis veojamSi: 

85M7344ISaE5BCEfi34C(aB3Kre0CNI»: I6P MS«Kf7026 84/12AX) lA BMES INlASSraro DOOIBir 

UCIL: F^t-tolaait ocnpitins - Cbnoepts ad eaifila 

MMi A/mnas, D. A. 

BAA: A/(Qai£ooiia, UdMesity, ks Armeies, Q^} 

C3D: mnroSEMES; lEffi tonsactixre on CbipitHS (1331 Oa».9340), vol. C33, Itec 1984, p. 1116-1129. 

WJSi /*AuiUttilBE (CnfUIHB)/ ^QMUIER CESIQV ^CMUIER SBIDB UESOIV *miXTamnE 

iSA: Auttxr 

^ 2J^ST^i?SS^*'i^°^!^'?°"°°^ MsisfaUa«Ilyasun^ofatdiitect«l 

^d~?*°? "l.^S"*^r '^'^^^^ *° *« ^y5tBndBdffB?to^t«ptii«3«t^idSS 
rajdOTts. Classes of ^Jt-tolfinrce appllcatias are idaitlfiaJ, alci« wi A^ ^^roadi^^^ 
appillcahle, ad several pcohkm areas are idmtlfi£d in ^iddi new re»rdi rSte^^wajTreaS^ 



87 



^'^^Sa S!;r,^SHeld. caif. CSOlfcnria State Ihiv., ft^. 

TM: A/UM,R. S. A/233-1A 

EE: B/ffiMEf.A. A. FHOT SIfflUS INfiBOlME - IrxiJ^ 

^., .c^^ s^,^.:^^.^.!^^^.!"^^ 

Um. A «vi« o£ ^yndmriTado. ari mtdtirB in feuLt-tol£^ 

iMH: A/MDOE, W. R.? B/BlfiJES, N. A. 

m: A/CSoud^pto. iH^ty, South^pto. B^); ^(Bellablli^ Qx«dtants. I^., Titdifield, Unts., 

FAOIBES 
^SA: ikxthor 

partloulady suited to nd am-uufea ar aRJllcatiaB. 

urn. f^t. detB:tla. iadatlo^ ad reoovecy t«hrk»« fa ^^ 

iSJIBt A/HETT, B. F.; B/HUnXS, D. 

m: A/(BattellBQ>Iud«Ialx«txri«.Q>lu*«,(H); B/(PAA, Tedidcal Oaitar, Atlantic City, HI) 

OD: INEIB}SIKIE5 

tassminssrs/ ^&anxxmixz 



faetMBSi digital subEystens, and (3) data solidity, prior to use in subsequait ocnpitatlcn and after oonversiai 
of digital data. Ghoe a feult is detectedt systan reocMSEy oust take pla^p to assure the oczitiruad pafbmEnoe 
of the fLi)ction(s) affiacted ty the fault. The methods used to oontiol the systan recxpvety tedhniquss are 
depaxiEnt tpon the systan's ability to isoilate the detected feuLt to the lowest pcesihle level. The systan 
reowery tedfriques are also depaidait tpcn the systan arddtecture. FfeuLt isoJaticn ani systan recxwey 
tediriquBS require kncwledlgp of the qsstan status vector ad its history in sophisticated systans. 

84Aa6768 ISSUE U EME 1506 OSSHS 6 83/0000 7 PAIS IKIASSIFEED WOJtWT 

UriL: Destii^ EEIE on Boeing 757/767 in a sinulated operational ewironent 

/Um: A/IfE, H. F.; B/QBaM, D. P. 

EM: B/ifioeingQy., Seattle, Mk) 

CUD: IMEUD SEfflES 

JUk Wgltal Avionics ^?stans OcnfiEraioe, 5th, Seattle, U^, October 31-Nfcwaite: 3, 1983, PtooBedir^s (ifi4-26?01 
11-06). rfev Yoric, Institute of Electrical and Electronics BginBeEs, 1983, p. 15.4. 1-15.4. 7, 

MMS: /^flKEAFT QMHOL/ ^^ftUTCMfflnC TEST EOIIHfNiy t^QOA SMIAEKIV mJIST OMHI/ ^CBOID TESTS/ ^SSSEMS 

wmswr 

MINS: /BCEQG 757 mOPFU BOEOG 767 AnOM Piy QOA AOCUISEnaV EESEN mnSIS/ EIHCIHMIC AKEAFiy FMU 
lOLHtfMCE/ FUEHT SZMULAEEN^ FLDGHTIESIS 

iffi^V: ^thor 

ABS: lb provide 'cn-airpilane' data that siffor t s valida ticn of die systan-level operation of 757/767 Flight 
Managpnait ^^stan (HE) built-in test equdpnait (HEIE), a series of grand tests vece ocnijcted with sinulated 
airplaie fU^t aid fault ocnditicns. Ihese tests [xovided qualitative siipsrt for estahUduic rttv. 
credibility, axi us^ eqadaxe prior to airplay service introducticn. BEIE indicatkre ware correlated 
with tie cockpit effects, sinulated fault ocnditicns, and sinuIatLon lindtatiaB to detetidne prop^ 
oorrelatiai ad utility of indications. Results either indicated proper operation or infxovanaits meded. 

84A439^ ISaE 21 BMZ 3101 QOHinr 60 QOt: NSF M3-78-1B918 I6F MS-81-21696 di/OB/O) 14 BtCES IKIASSIFIED 
QXUBO! 

UriL: fkilt tpleranoe ty desiffi diversity - Gbnoepts aid etperinaits 

Minb A/tinzmis, k.i b/keuj, j. p. j. 

BAA: B/'CCaifomia, Uriverslty, Ics Agelffi, CA) 

CD): IHHH) SIfflES; Goiputa: (ISa^ 0018-9162), vol. 17, A«. 1984, p. 67-80. Researdi sifljorted by tot^LLe 
Manorial Institute aii FM. 

MMS: AM tHOMU LiIg (OCMUISS)/ "KOfUIER SXSSBS USSW/ ^VISIKIBUIH) IHXESSDG/ ^till lOJEBttlZ/ ^^SOFHSSC 
QGDEERINGI 

MDG: / HKR [EIH3ia) OIES/ IL/y HOSttflDG Um^ 

AGS: Ihe advantaees axi lisdtatlcns of desiffi di^osity, ai approach in ^ch tBrdhere and softiere elanents tlBt 
ate to be used fix miltiple ocnputatiais are not copies but rather are inkpoxkntly desiffsd to meet a 
systBD's requircDHits, are discussed. Ihe nultiptle-ocnputatiai approadi to fault tolecaiQe is described, aid 
the types of faults in nultiple ccnputatlcns are identified. Desigi di^«sity in nultiple ocnputatiaB is 
aUressed, as are the elindnaticn of related desiffi fiults and the potiential alwitegs of dsigi di^«sity. 
M csqcrincntal effort to determine the feesifaili^ of adaptii« N-fiotld naUar redund^xy to provide &uLt 



tnLaaxs of softwre dasiffi feuLts is described, and the aqperineital reaits ace pcesentBi, induHug types 
End causes of ecxocs. itees of ooncem ad suggested inpxjveiHits ace addressed. 

84AiaBZ| ISSUE 1 ME 84 QflHUCr 61 Rm: AMA PftHR 83-2409 OH*: nftAB07-834WG42 BMXVO) 9 BflGES UOASSIEIH) 
OXUBir 

uriL: Desigp of a feuLt-tnilecant netsodc opetatiig sjystan based en nested atcndc acXioB 

moi A/imtf R. c; B/uu, m. t. 

BM: B/(Ctdo State UdveEsity, CbludxB, CH) 
OD: UOnroSESIES 

Ifc Qnpitas in Aaospaoe Onfioaxae, Atli, Hartfiacd, CT, October 24-26, 1963, OaUectiDn a£ Tedidcal ftpera 
(ifi^-lOXn 01-39). Nw Ifadc, AnETlcai Institute of AETonautics and AstroHUtlcs, 1983, p. 3«>-3«. 

HIN5: /HOBSHXESSOR OltfNDCKEKM 

/BA: Author 

ifflS: Tte oonoept of veii^ nested atondc acticns as a ftaneworic fine desiffring a reiUabile distributed sy staa^ is 
gadidiK BDce ad mxe acxxplaue. \6a±XEi desigi issues in a fiauLt-toIeEait netMxlc qperatiiis sg^ten based m 
the oell imdeL are iiwesti^ted. A oell is a fiault-tolerant server vWeh iniiLaaits tJie ocncefA of nested 
atondc actios. Nested atcndc acticns are a deooopositicn of a ocnpitation into a tree-like structure aidi 
ttet eedi tree leaf, eadi subtree, ari the *jle tree preserve the atondc pro Using the pcincipilfis of Igfcted 
eppcoadi axi reajtsiT« structurdi^, a fault-tolecait netwodt operating sjystan based en the cells is presaited. 
^fecioB desiffi issues in naming, oorannicatiai, synchtadzatiai, fault toleraice, seourily, aiiwi sicn, and 
acoMitiic are also disoussed. The protocol structure is divided into tioee Iqjios: inteqrooess 
oamudcatiai, secvioe s4ppoct, and service la^ras. The ahstiacticns of nested atcndc actios and reliable 
virtual naddiss re stifxrted in the la^es. Applications cai be developed en tcp of it. 

84A100Q1 ISSIE 1 IMZ 81 GRIBIIQr S9 83/01/0) 5QZ BfiGBS IKIAiSaU^iiU DOOlfiNr 

UEIL: Cbi|ut» in AaoGfBoeQiifecan, 4th, QBrtfonl,Cr,a:tsber 24-26, 1SB3, GbUectlon of TedniGal ftpexs 

SAP: MEDtecs, $75.; luimiLas , $85 



OD: INEIB) SBOES; Ctnfiemoe mi BO wd ty the /Dcrican liBtitute of Aooneutics and Astrcnautics. Nar Yak, 
fmaiam Institute of Aaxnautics and AstcoaiCics, 1S83, 502 p. 

mjst /*mBRE/sta2a!fE omuqb^ *i«Bnscam (ccmeuisbs)/ ^qhcqeieul itmrnstz/ ^ocmuer wasmmc/ 

mS: /HA aRX3MfaiGI/IOMZ)/aM«»DAN)aMRDL/D!aAEMS 
(COfUIBS)/ BAQUnOI BfCBONV VSDT I/KE SCALE TSBStSHW 

tBla 0.& 

aSi tmx% tis topics 'i t<«"«wH an ir g*'' pEogEBnndng fix intelligEnt data bases, fiauLt-tolaait distrihue d q^staiB 
amikyiiv Ad^ fixmd reoovcxy softiere fiuLt tolecaxs, the NASA softMare mngaaX. and asasaice pnepan, 
spBOt statioi (fata nasgannt, M^ paaHeL systanB, artifidal inteUigane, softtore engineering 
pncBdwa ad staitefe, advaxsl ^OSC MD5 appUcatlaB, ad digital pEooessing axfaitBcttmB fir autmnus 
apaaaaaft. Also aonidend ace the sadiatiai hacdEning of a spBoaiaaft nany aystn, spaoeborae img^ 
prooBssiiv, fixsastii« tceob in NASA £lie^ softsare de<«lopnait tools, an eqart sjystai fir spacaxaft 
QOBBd ad omtroli TB astrrr^'^T ^"«tf tc "«tJ*y<ng ^ migtncaniiter data sjstaL the cwailiitim of a sourae 
libcaiy sgstm, an ad-to-sd data sfystae fx the Qannfrftv ObserAtocy, ad sasoc fuaicn in tactical 
Rr inUviduBa. itaos see A84-]aXS to AB4.ia]e9 

90 



8aB6^**isSUE 24 Bffl 3955 QOmKr 32 FPU: AD-A129438 RADC-TR-83-36 CNH: F30e02-81-(M1133 AF MU. 2338 
83/02/00 81 BMSS UCLASSIFIED DOCUCNr 

UriL: Ffeult tolaaiQe, relM>illty srd testability fior distilhited systars 

•nSP; Ihterim Report, Sep. 1981 -Oct. 1982 

MSB: A/ffiSr, H.; MBSE, M.; C/KIM, K. H. 

CEBP: SdOi^ Inc., Us A«el£s, CSalif. AVAOmNIIS 

SAP: WKMVfCa. 

ODt warn SDOES, Gtifass afb, n.y. badc 

(ttJS: /JOTMM) tfO dHnOv' 'KmUIER THHrajES/ ^dlSIRIBUIID HECCESSINy *EfllIT TOiRNE 
MDB: /IBEnM- aiWEBS/ RBnnEN (UlJmcrO/ FHI^^ 

iaiA: /Sudior (CSA) 

iffiS: A growiiKnBBd edsts far imxovBd fault tnlpranoe, reliafaility, aid testability in distrihitBd systans *ich 
amrt QjniHri, Qntinl ari CbnaiiicatiaB and IhteUigenoB (€31) activities. The objective of this study is 
to provide a fomfatlai for tte dewekpHit at desd^i neasutes and guideUnes fix the deEdgp of feult toilasnt 
a^stans. Ttaaniries of feult tDkcnae aid distributed siystans are devekped, and typical Air Fbtoe C3E needs 
in botli feult toilaait a«i distributed oonputa: systans are dHiacterizBd. BeHahdUty aid awailaWlity 
esaiaioe fior tai typical oo^uter systans is reported in a oonsistait fionnat, axi tJie data are anlyzBd fran 
the pasnective of a distributed systan user. Previcus vcxk an the idaitificaticn of peohlaiB in distrihited 
systaiB aii desiffi netiwis for tteir sokrticns is discussed. K^ isajes in the desifip of feult tt^Letant 
distributed systaiB are idaitified. Ffeult Iccation tedniciuas for specific ocnpjter ctnfigutaticiis fiaiid in 
cat awUcatlaB are described in detail. The stud|y is a cjitiniiiE effort, ail a ccnpcehaisive desi^i 
methodolcBy vlll be deweloped based vpxi the material prasaited in this report. 

83a3819*# ISS[E 4 ME 579 CfflHOro 60 RPI»! r«SA^»-ie95eO NftS 1.26:169560 001: N(Gl-296 S2ASAX) 54 BMSS 
UCLASSinS) DOCUfNT 

UtlL: DBsiffi ad eialuaticn of a fait-tolaait nultdpcooesscr using hardwre recoway blocks 

MB: MIEt T. H.; B/9IN, K. 6. 

CERP: Mldxi^i Ihiv. , An Arbor. CSS: (Gcnprtdng V u xai x h lab.) AVftH-NHS 

SAP: mtOMVfCa. 

QOt utnn) scfOEs 

mst yyntimvo'ma.ynBii/ vem/ iw TD£ (cnmnis)/ ^osjms (SEmsncs) 

ABft: M.G. 

ifflS: A &Lilt-tDlaant Bidtiprooessoc with a rollhack reoowecy machBiian is distiased. TheroUkBck BBchaiiaB is 
bEBBl oi lis tsnkae iBOCK«y block \iiich is a headuere e(id>alBit to the softwre ceoovay block. Ihe 
iHrdNBre xmjmy block is ooBtructed by axsecutivB state-eaNB qpaatlons axi seseal state-eawe wits in 
euecy prooesscr axl naacy voiSie. *en a feult is detected, the nuitlpEOOBSSOC reocnflgjres itself to replace 
the faulty oonment a«i then the pcooess origtaBUy assd^ied to the faulty ccnixxient rereats to oie of the 
pceviously saved stats in ocder to reame feult-feee eMBCutlcn. A nathanatical BDdel is pccposed to calojlate 
both the oovo^ of nulti-stEp roUback reoovey ad the ri^ of restart. A paJJuumm eualuaticn in toro 
of tBEk eseoiticn tine is also pcesaitBd. 

Vi 



83A22B2S>«r IS9E 8 »£E 1155 C»IHXRr 6Z cm : NIS1-1S42B 82/OQ/OO 5 BAGES INIASSIEIH) I^^ 

UriL: Ihe softuere-iiiplaiBited fault tplenaroe /SIFE/ aRxoach to £ault tolerant Qcqputiifr 

fUBt AAHIEEEGy J. 

tPAi A/(SII IhteoBticnaL Cbnputer Sdaxe labacatocy, Mailo Vask, Ck) 

ODBP: SBI Ihtematicnal Oorp. t MaOo I^xk, C^llf. 

QD: INCEED SBQES 

Iiv Real-tiine signal pcocessiiig IV; ttocBBcHnss of the MaetitiE, San DLegOf CA, kjgjst 23-28, 1981. (i)83-22794 
08-60) Belljii^iem, Vk^ SEEE - Ihe IhtexratiaBl Society for QptLcaL Bq^inaedz^, 19B2, p. 289-293. 

MAJS: /^iUBXRE/ SPACEBCRE COfUIERS/ ^^flJICmEDG FLEGHT (jmOU ^KXYfUOR EESDGN / ^iOJ TOmtCE/ iWUmUTi 
QGDiQRDG 

MDS: /Am lIWNSRia2!0(Il/ AIBCK^ 

HDGB mSL LOOHGES/ HOIMH VERIFIOKnQI (aMEUOBS) 

ABS: SIFT is ai experbnentaL ocnfuter desifffid for U^^ tpHahle fH^-antrpl secvioe in advared air 
ttansports. Its dEMsLopnent was intoidBd to integrate and dencnsttate the latest techdques in fault-tdkont 
Qcnputing. CUrbqg its dEMelopnsit, SGMecal nev probLaiB of seme geneaality woe inocMsced and solvad. Ihe 
tednoilQey dE^^loped for the ^ff^^idat1m of its desigji is seai as belis periaps as infxrtant as the desiep 
itself. Ihe SEFT desi^i is described, as is^ tie t.)^ in ^Mdi the desi0i and its validation wbeb shaped ty tfie 
leciLiirenents of its intended applicatiofi. Attsitkn is also g^VE^i to ceUability and fault taLeranoe. Ihe 
most siffilflcant featuce of the harduare design is the absaioe of elanaits that can generate multipLLe &ults, 
such as Glared clocks or data biBes. It is noted that the softuEire is realized in ady 800 lines of oode, of 
^ch SGK are in a high-level langsg^ 

8ZA1A71# ISSLE 4 IKGE 592 OSSBIEI 61 SL/OQAX) 10 BMXS UOASSIEIH) nXJiW£ 

UTEL: fkiLt secure aRdcnic ^ystGm deveLopnent 

fOBi A/JErNDGS, R. 

BAA: A/(USftP, Mcif^t fameutical labocatcries, yds^t-^ttBcson AEB, GH) 

QD: umED Si yr^ 

In: NI!HIN 1981; Fteoeedii^ of the Ifaticnal AeEospeoe and Electnidcs GonfieEcnoet Daytcn, CB, Hay 1^^, 1981. 
^bhine 1. (A82-14676 OMU) Nav Ycric^ Institute of ElfictrLcal and Qfictnxiics B:^;^^ Inc., 1981, p. 
2B«93. 

MAJS: /'AIBBQENE/ SBACEBRE (JJtKSSBS/ MVUNES/ ^^GIBailT BQIffiUZEI/ "KUffUim EESDGN^ "VAIL^AEB SESQMS/ ^iUT 
TGURmZ 

MII6: /fflCHEIKnURB (OmiEBS)/ DOA MttWSBIC/ EKILr^AEB SKSIBfi^ MJ^SOHY Biai^RDG^ SESIB6 BGD^RDG 

Oh CJL 

ABS: With the tednolQgiGal inpccMencnts that ha^e been made in ocnpiter hacdwe, major lindtaticns noir hem to do 
with pxgtamBfailily, integrity, and reliability. It is cxntended that diese lindtaticns can be laigely solvel 
at the Qcnputer aid integrated circuit architecture IembI thttMBh an o^Bsnizaticnal oanoEpt ^n«< Fbult Secure 
Aricnic GGnputec (FSAQ. Ihe keofiel of tlB FSAC ocnsists of a p r g i ainiJ ii^ prooessor, of a type suiteiiLe for 
mass production, ^hich has provisians for es^iloitixig special purpose VI2E arithietic ani d^ta 
hanluBre to expedite CMoauticn of time critical tasks. 

92 



SJTBs MniBBG, J. 

BftA: A/(att IhtenHtioHl, Merilo feric, Ck) 

(HP-, ao: Ihtematiaial Cbtp., ffado feik, caif. 

OD: IMDH) SKIES 

Ik Digital Avionics l^ystBiB Oonf amue . 4th St Tnrfc m w—j n ^n ,«~ 

ABft; S.as. 

teliahiUty is S^ lyV^SS^^ 



93 



Hot A3 Title ; Autonomous GN6.C 



O peration." Require«ent; 

Bll.ina.e vehicle dependence on GH.C GSE for te.t and checkout. 

Rationale: 

:TT,IT/HTK and vehicle Health Monitoring SysteMVHMS) for GNK can 

S5°.fnlte/HiJiIly/r4«i-uP .round operations. 



Sample Concept ; 

Boeing 757/767 ot t^Tr'^r.xT^Mon with fault-tolerant computers. »■ 
repUcr'clSul^hilrjnrtJiursJstU'Shutdovn. Basy accessihlllty. 



Saaple Concept ; 

Beeln. 757/7.7 « ^^^^^'^^illZ llinll^T^^^^Vt^^^^yf^y^^ 
self-test and fault identification with lau accessibility. See Al, 



A2. 



Technology ReQuire«ent ; 

Further development of BIT/BITE and VHMS. 

Technology References ; 

HASA/RECON: ,, ,,,3,117 87Am03 |6J7|348 

86K10299, 86A28490, 85X74761, MX73876, |=J^^ 84X10357. 

85A41019. 85A39562, 85A24795, 84X77582, |2Jlol53 84A43401, 

rs'i!?; irAir5°4^. irA^nr,; ItS^^^i: t**i«": «**""'• 

83A11175 



94 



87Nlfi5Sl#ISaE8MElD9eQaHII0r63HPr»: H>417^i2Si %/Oe>/CD V29 \tftCES OJ^mSD mJlW[ 
unL: M inttoAictlon to artificial intplHgroe aid its potential use in ^Bce Sj/stas 
ISh H.S. Ihesds 
MB: MtJXJmD, GAEQT V. 
ODRP: total Itetgcaduate School, McntEtey, CfeOif . 
AP: Avail: NHS S A}7/W /Ol 
C3D: INEIEDSIXIES 
VIkJSx/ *mS!tCE 5ISSBS/ ffiHEKIAL IMmJiBII/ ^OMUIHl VEIOV ^H3fflA HKESSBG^ *BtSnm ^0011110^ 

' «HJEICS 
MDB: / MKS«E HGDHRINy msmC ONBCU (HMO SOSnOE/ NKHBAL yKMCE (aMUEB^/ SMffi 

aia (Sk 

fBS: This sutve/ of Artificial IhteUigaioe (AE) is based lyxi a red«/ of it h^^^^^^^ctSJ;*^ 
de^kpnart; aid subcat^nrie of its cucrait tednilcgies. 5fl?*cate^ are eq«tssste^ 
S»^piooBsii«,ai.l)Ut«rvlsiaiaxipattani«xigrdtlm,arin^^ ag«J^ 

JTtt^diSSrftSr^te descrlptiai of tte fiixfeBHital dBiactadsd 

the scacK bus araxnmts, nrissiai systan ocn|xnmts, grand node fincticns, ari qstan missiaB.^ it is 
QtndSd tat MTtositeoEitsiiiraturityasascla^fi, vinptoi«tobeabaiEfidalcaiiicnaa of fiittjre 



87N11735*# BSffi 3 HCE 306 QflHIEr 61 84A]0AX) n PilGES INIA^^ 

Ura^ A raOinaar ptt«cannii« mettxxl for systm dBsiffi with resits ttet hBR« b» 

AUm: A/nim(, F. 

OFP: Boednsi^REiaoeCb., Seattle, \iash. 

SfiP: A«il: NEB K A22/W id In fftSA. Ia«L^ BBseardi Omta: Reomt Experiaioes in Hdtidlsdplinaiy Aalysis 
ail Optiadzaticn, ftnrt 1, 11 p (SE IB7-11717 03^) 

QO: uinH)SliKIES 

BC31CERIIC 
MIIB: / AraOMK EmJB/ EHEHS/ HOUSiaV FEENTO 

ABA: ILJ.F. 

AK: A ««al railing iKBianidiHalgacithnCNin)) is disoussBd. Ai acadaidc optimizatim csafilfi is givai. TBie 

vSddfi aitoS)t dB5iff»,spaDBduttlB static halatt,txaBiaittespcnsecrit^ 

ace \ 

87103249 BSffi B Bffi 2M6 QOHaDRr 63 aSAXVO) 480 BMB INIASSIEIH) nXl^ 

UTIL: Adaptive nethods fine antrol sg^stsn desd^i — Bock 

Mm AAUTA. watf M.; B/1CHN, CHI-MI BftA: A/(SaslBtd«Hi, Udvaalty, Sa*attxm Qrada); MScmheastan 



ttesadusetts lldveEsityi Krth CtertDOitht Wi) BKT: A/H).; h/Bk 

Sff: Meotes, $44.95; miimfaas , $39.96 

OD: ONAD^ Na/ Yodc, lESE PresSf 1966, 480 p. No individjaL iters are £tetractBd in this ^^dluiB. 

MyS: / ^tfKFEnE ONIHX/ ^GNSSOL SZSIB6 EESIEN^ ^KFEDUL ONIICL 

MD6; /AIKE ftPr OCN Ua/ MOKEiafS/ iamMKEIE FII0IS/ IIAEUIV FIKZEIG/ LDEA SKSIDfi^ MfflKDCES (MfflHEHKEKS)/ 
KEBL BmEBEKZ ^CMFEIVB aXOIGL/ MOESB MBASUBCNiy HVXESS CCNDCL (QUEOS)/ BtHUK NDSSE/ BBGUAKFS/ 

/B: CD. 

^QS: A coHfictlcn of ceirint popets is pcesentsod \iiich qcmecs tie adapdve methods in fsedbadc ocnttol systBos tiBt 
hem been dEMeiloped gmet the past tvo decades. Histccical perspectives and surv^s en adaptl\/e oontrol are 
given, aid tie theocy fx the dedsp of model re fi a i Enca adapti^ s^ysteoB and self-tucbqs cegulatacs is 
discussed. AiaptLve ocntrol of ursertain pilants usii^ dual ocntrol ad related a ppcoa d ieH is oovcced. Ihe 
applicatiais to airaaft ocntrol pcohlaiSy adaptive aitopUots, and pcooess ocntrol, robotics and otha: HoiAa 

• ••• • [ 

87A32117 TSaE B B£E 2044 CBEBBIS 63 87/Q2/CD 6 VtCES INIASSIEIH) DOOlfiir 

UnL: Oontrol qpecaticns in advaiced aeccGpaoe systais 

/UH: M3UHM, Wniim R. BM: A/(BSD Assodats, MeariiB Oell^, (A) ~~ ~ 

ODt INEIED SERIES; (lEAC, ^/npoedun m Qxitrol of Distributed Iteaneter ^rstaiB, Los /qgelffi, CA, Jim aO^Ady 2, 
1966) IEEE Oontrol Systsis Magazine (ISSN 0272-1706), vol. 7, Feb. 19B7, p. 3-B. 

MIUS: / "^AEROSKCE SJSOKS/ MIKSAPr ONIia/ ^^tfJDCHXEDC 03010/ ^OCNIBGL OIFDGIFQ) ^raiClES/ ^HJrglRIHJIH) 
BffWeiER SSESIEM^^ ^^liHS SB£E SI^^ 

MDS: /AIR KEftlHIN:; QGINES/ AUB\ JET PUBOtFU (JNSCL SBSES CESQl^ EXKAVBUOI/R ^CnVEEY/ GECUGIOli 
SUBESS/ BUEEUE SȣE IHESOOS/ Nlfif^ S^ 

iffi&: ILSJL 

ABS: Cdstzlbuted paraneter ocntmL systans being studied ly NAS^ fix use in advenbed aecoGpaoe systais are 
described. A 15 m dlaaeter aitona that yUl be deplqyed in Tara &aii a 2 ou m bcK Ibs 96 ocntrol csUes 
fior ccntrolling the shape of tie axtaisu Appcqpdate near and far-field tests are needed fix tudr^ the dsise 
of the axtERB cn-ocfait. Ihe Sjpaoe Station will be (ibmndcBlly stafaHiaed, dsnped and pointed with a hi^ 
degree of aoojracy, p wimn B d to a hisft d^gcee ty aitcnated systoos that adapt to a groudis structure. 
Self-<lia0iQ8is is also a neoBssary fiaatuce of future EBi ec|uiinBit and teLentotiGS, tie latter sesmdi^ 
greater inportanoe in a RcMer fix ecplocirs the surfiacae of Mens. Ihe ocnoepts are bedi^ inplanaited in tte 
}U9 fionerd SMEpt viif^ aircraft, the eLectrtniGS of the athle SpecB Tetesoope, ad in studis of tie mtioBl 



87Ald6Q3«r ISSUE 6 BKS 741 GKIHXEQr 18 86/00/0) 400 ttCES IN2ASSIEIH) OOOMNr 

UEEL: Artifldal intiplUgmoe fix Sjpaoe Statlcn autCBBtion: Qcev safiety, productivity, aitomy, agmted 
GBpafaility — Bock 

AIIH: A/FIBSCSIN, 0.; BASSOS, M. P.; C/BHK, V.; IVCBESEmN, P. C; EtZUBBG, J. mx E/(N^ 
Adwnoed IfachnLqey Alvisaiy Qaimlttee, Houston, 1^ 91 Ihtenatknal, Hoilo Itek, CA) 

OSP: Ifaticnal AercneutiGS ail Staoe AUnistxaticn. I^nlon B. Johnscn S^aoe GMer, Houston, Ibc; SH 
Ihtematlcnal Cbcp., Hehlo ftdc, QOif. 

SAP: $48 

96 



OD! IMDH) SEflES; Heseardi qxnsotBd ly IftSA. feric Rkfee, NJ, H,^ RUlcatioB, 1986, 400 p. 
HyS: / '•sfiOIEaiflL MEUJIJNCS' :«iil^^ 

mSt /ttPCSttE TH3NiayTRflN5HVB?FHffS!SIHfi/MaMa3CNS3SIHf^ ^mwinwn/ 

MBA SBflCE HOGRfl»B^ BEfflra i»o lEimiMray imnnrs/ S^ 



are 



52SS^ ^iJ^^^J^ Cfil) MDpnTJecte fe the a ^^ 

2SLSSJ^S?'iI!L*''^^'"^P^^^^^^^*^^^ fertloular atteition Is gi^ to 
^Z^^...T^.!!!!^' ^^'^' ^'^ ''^'^^' ocmwtets, planiiv, and nHMBdrine intecfeoe. 

UHL: Iht^gtatBd landi ^jMcIb and spaoectaft adoiics: A feasihle optim 

TISP: Final Hqxrt -- 

Mink A/GIUHRISr, J. D. 

(XSPi iseo^Bce Qrp., El S^gnto, caif. CSS: (GUitfaiQe aid Qntrol Edv.) hfC- 00 
OD: INEIH} SBOES 

*SB«HBAFr OMOBflS/ '•SRffiEAFT aima/ * SR^^^ "w^vmiuisy TiftViUUJiw 

MDB: /cmm) amwoE/ msnsnin ^jrlhes/ onac/ REOiiEHfNis 

8800299 OtaMW) CNlt: NliS3-24627 EUf: 7 0Q1M79 

^^'Sf^^S^^A.'^^.vff^^i^**^^**'*'^^ I«iste«cdi Gtoter, Oevelari, (Wo. 

ftatt and Vhltn^ Aircraft, Vest ?alm Beadb, Fla. 

TM: A/MIBKK,B. A/77-1 

FT: B/mim, J. c. FEBdas Bssan) 

86A2B490rISaE12BfiGB16aQaHnDr8(M»: NflGl-28B CUT (IP 1 LDB iCFBCftlL AIN HCM CRIB. VSI. 

UIIL: ki cMpert planer fee the <tranic fli^t awitoiiHit 

MDH: AA»I, D. a BAA: A/(B^BtaiB, Lr., G^lad Elv., CfeOJas, H) 

OFF: E-^stans, Inc., [kUas, I^ 

OD: INnro SDOES; IN: NeXM 19G5; ItamHi^ of tte fetioal Aeraiaoe ari Qectniiics (Infiet-*. n«rt«. 

97 



oTiMwurma/ iSSPum SKUMS/ mS3B£ BSIB5 / ^OGBT H/IB/ «KHS 

MDB: /iOKMFr iOmBDS^ AIBrafiFT BftZH^ 

fflA: Arthnr «« „j„t ^ 

^ This P^r^-tsan^r^tplaj^t^^^*^^^^^^^ 

«rid <te«B5 by laaDy patdrirg ™!l*!,5^j£^rS]^?«Sti^ plant* ^ 

iddtecture^is based « *b ^«:tio^ decoil^itim rf to^^ fatelligait flifijit 

SLypIanii«. ""^ ^^"L'^'cS^^^^SS ^f^eSd to de^ 

UriL: IB» Kpoct: Qtenedcs, ocii|utas ari arto^tlcn tedi^ 

(HP: Jbtat RiJUcatiaB Beseacdi Service, Arlir«tcn, Va. 

OD: U.S.SA -aaBL taco HOIffl fran ^ariOB Rjssiai articles 

MKSoaifuiHS/ cpnwzsnav 

Ura. selects thnstrod^t/attltuiBQcntroLTlSP: Ehri Feprt, Jau lS83-Jan. 1584 

am A/SHGOT, W. H.; IWICEB3DN, a? (VHHHL, M.; IVafHEf, K. 

aSPs Atlaidc Beseacdi Oocp., GBdmsvllle, ^fe. 

OD: IMiroSIffllSj ya*t-tett«scnAffl,(WoAirta« 



HCBISKIV BDOfEr 



QGDGS^ 



fflC2229*» ISM 12 Hffi 19«7 QflHnor 63 85AJ1>TO 20 BOS UOA^ 

UnL: Bwiluatlcn of eqcrt ^fstem 

mOb A/IONUY, H. A. 

aBP:AU«lWv..Bli»iiiNu CSS: (P^. of (b.l«t«: «d Mooatim Sd««.) /smJttlS 

WSll713l7)2Dp(aBfflM221D12«) 
QDt U1EIH)SEKIE5 

98 



MDS: / /ormiE Qotmay NuomsOi ONBOL/ 9V^^ 

tBki G.L.a 

jffiS; The only s^y'f^pggfiil afplled area of artifidal inteUigenoe is that of expart ^ystens, pcqgcaiB ^ch o ollec t 
and arxa:^ infiooatiGn abcut the soIutiGn of difficult pcohlais in a wUniefinBd and ^cU-Kdramscribed area, 
anl are tiiai capable of ndmiddis eipart behavior in findiif; solutiais to na/ pcohlfiiB* NASV intends to 
investi^te the applicatiafi of this tBdnoLoey to nEnagamnt eni oontrol sitiBticiE in a space staticn 
eivironeitt spedficalLy for power, heat, ocmnunicaticns, and attitude ontrolt areas \ihere nuch of the time 
hiiEn nenEgsnent is laborious, repetitive, and e^itually eciar-pcoie. 

aa\A9971# ISSLE 22 aCE 3232 QflHiro 9 RPTIh AIM RffiER BS-im 85/08/00 5 I»GE5 INI^^ 

UnL: The Cbillins AFDB ffeintenanoe S^stan for the Boeing 757/767 — Aitopilot Flight Wiectcr S^^stem 

HJIR: AAREFDER, J. E. 

Wix A/(Bodcuell IhteoBtiaiaL Oocp., Oadar Rapids, lA) 

OD: tHEEED SKIES - AEAA, QjidanQe, Ibvi^tiai and Gontrol Qufcimue , axMiBSS, OD, kjg. 19-21, 19G5. 5 p. 

tttJS: / *0!CM«IIC FLEGHT OONHa/ ^^UPManC EHfllS/ ^EIBCIHMC HaHMNT TESTS/ * BWUEHT KNEKFDiy 
^AHUNEEN^CE 

VSQE: / HEDG 757 tJBCBm/ HEDG 767 AIKBAFiy EPHR EEIBCIKN (HES/ GRIN) TESSS/ SF TESTS 
^SA: Autfior 

fB5: The AEES nHintararoe provides a flight line nHintaTenoe capability for fault detection and fault isolatlcn. A 
capability is provided for sque&k related testing of a line ReplaoBabLe Unit (IHJ)* These tests verify 
opaatlon of tie IHI aid tie estabtlishiEnt of interfaces to that IRJ. The tfedntaare Systan ocntains a self 
t^t (^abdlity. The MsdntaBncae Ocntiol and Edspilay Ekiel (HEP) is Ae oentraliaed maintaianoe coniuter 
located in tie equdpnait bey. The MXP ocntains buttons to initiate tests and respond to sinpLe questions and 
contains a dispil^y effidait for oananiGating abbreviated Ehglish laqguage messages. In flightt only faults 
kraun to create a Flif^t Deck Effiact are reported* Each of the fli^t ocnputars provide fault reporting and 
groml test caqpability. Tt^ provide maintaaice data to the MXP via AEONC 429 Bues. 

8SMiai9tt ISSLE 19 B^ 2756 OaHnor 8 84AX3/0O U B^ IhJABUGS; UOASSinH) DOOMNT 
UnL: Gpticeil technolGgy fx fUfi^t control systans 
iflllH: A/»QQ!NI!GE, H. 

OD: JWBN; Japen Society for itorautlcal and S^Boe Sdaioes, Journal (ISa« OGZl-4663), vol. 32, no. 369, 1984, 
p. 583-593. In, 



MUS: / ^MjrownC FLKHT (JNKL/ ^<XNKL SSSDEMS EESOai^ ^OBQffiD EfflA HOESSINy ^"CPEDDftL HCUmfiOy *SEfflIIIlY 

imcNifflTEi^ ^qHBimzr AsssafNT 

HD6: /iCnVB OSOBOL/aCNIia. OIF^^ 
fBkx SJL 



ABS: Ot>tiGal applicatiaB to the fUj^t control systan indudiii; optical data bus, SEnsors, and trarrigyns are 
aelyaed. fienfiles of optical data bus include airfaome li^t optical fiber technolcgy (ALOFT), P-S, TC-14, 
YA-7D, MOi-SID-lSSS fiber optic data bus, aid NftL-optic data bus. This NAL QbtioBl Aerospace 
IdbaratQry)-optic data bus (based en the HIL-SID-1553B) is aRilLed to SDQL, and its characteristics are 
stressed. Mndples and adventages of optical puObe^digital tra'sduoers are discussed. 



99 



ffi«39662| ESUE 18 Bffi 2625 QOHQCro 8 85ABAX) ID EflGES llCLASSraro DOam^ 

UnL: Must missile autxfdlot desi»i usdng a gaieraliziad slii^ilar cptinaL ccntrol tedidc^ 

am MIS, C-P.'f B/Iffi,S. p. m: A/(Boeii«Cb., Seattle, \ft); B/(UttGn Ihtetrtes, WwDand ffiUs, (A) 

OD: IHOH) SDOES; (QiiifaBB axl Oantrol Qnfiaxnoe, Seattle, U\, Aupjst 20-22, 1984, TJedidral Eapeo. P- 
124-132) JbunBl of QiiifaBe, Ckntrol, ani Cbraidcs (IS3I 0731-5090), vol. 8, .UjMmb. 1985. P- ^98-507. 
Previously dted in issue 21, p. 2998, Acoessicn no. iBM341A. 

mjSi / *assm!nc mnss/ ^mssiie (iMia/*Miss[iETB/UBa!ciaES/<cpnM(a.aMBCL/ «Ma« hmig mbsiies/ 

' vqBMiaiG (FQSEEKN)/ ^fBMECSXJBS CETDCEZAIiai 

MUK. / tfMTtUE ONKU mmiE SMEITS/ OMBDL SZSIH6 EESHaV FBHMK (XMBO/ FHD FDHBTO (XNBCL/ 
KHBDES (MOHEMffllCS)/ THMINSL GUIimE^ llHmC FUfflT 

aaffl4755*# ISSIE 10 Bffl 1347 QOHIEr 18 85/02/00 4 EflGES UOASSEEIED EDOMNT 
UTIL: Btpoidiic role fir autcnaiy in ndlitEoy space 
Mmb MSmS, D. D.; B/GyEHSI, R. R. 

WAi A/(Qaifi]mia liBtltute of Ttedroki^, Jet Ptcpilsicn labocatay, fesadena, C&); B/OBfiF, ^pece Ttedmolijor 
Center, Kirtlail AFB, NO 

OCfftJet Ptopilsiail^.caifiniialhst. oflbch-, ftsadaa.; Air Fbra ^aoe Ttedmlflgy Gaiter, Rirtlaid AEB, 
N. Madoo. 

OD: INdH) SDOES; teXBpaDe ABErixa (ISai 0740-72230, vcd. 23, F*. 1SG5, p. 74-77. 

MD6: /tJaXRE/SfOBRE OOfWHS/ iKDEIlCIAL lOBLLDGatE/ EXKRT SSBUMy EMIT TDIHtfME^ (MQfflO MA 
IRXESSDG 

ifflA: M.S.K. 

tmi Ihe M P rT..i«rf/« laiwatrgy is meigitly tMsfiecring satellite avtoatd autonoiy tecfanloB^ to the IBAF fir 
use in ndUtary smoBciaft as a mam of lowerirs the gRuri si?|nrt retiJiiB^ The tedidcpw \wb pro«i 
en tte Vlldi« ariVfcsgqgspaoBcaftgripajnittBdat-boatd fault detectio n ari oopectiqu Har mUltaty 
satellites will inoocpoEate oi autcmnB retkndGny and nEdntaane uBftVflHil ajfaQStoi in an cn-tesrd 
oanita^, \Mle tiK systan wiU still be aiject to gnuiWasai safing onimis fir situatiais daiBilii« 
de«aalyses. A level 5 aitoniiy wiU need 256 kb nano^r, 10 Mb noiwlatile data stoEoge ad S) V pcua: a^ 
idll wi^ 20 li. ^stans wUl be pericdioaUy chBckai ari cai|BrBi with m i deal in the data base. 
Oeviatiaa detected will result in a toillbadt ad takiriait epandratien ly rso ndaqixioessacs, tiiich cai 
initiate ootrectiai amands uitil opeBational critada are net. The iltNi^apmit of the eqart ^fstens to the 
point tiat they satisfy ndlitay spedficatUzs is eqactai to take 10 yr. 

8«77SB» QOHIIDf 18 HPII: ia«)B26B3L aX^^S^^WOfr^Ora ARBL-m83-3076^»^ P3361M1^3019 83^37/00 

2 VOIS 485 BKES UOASSinED DOOIfiir IE GCV AGaOES 

uriL: idvand MilLtaiy Spaa^ii^ Capability (/MZD tBimk& idaitification stu^r, Moilune 2 

11£P: Final Beport, A«. ISBl - Mn:. 1SB3 

HJnbMEUDtO, A.; B/iNBSCNt D. A.; OBOtMN, M. D.; IVBOiR, D. L.; E«1H»6, R. E. 

aSP: Ganall^nagics Corp., SaiDleep* Calif. CSS: (GbnuBdr Dlv.) 

ODt IMEIH) SERIES; Vd|^-«ttteEScn AEB, Ghlo tSVfL 

100 



Nus: / *majimac aMEWsnoB/ nma mnass/ ^uwmc/ ^^mirtBi sttBx tFt/ *acBisa^ ^twasi 

' VBHIOES/ ^^OKET MaieS/ *SINGI£ SKffi TO (PBIT VEfflOES/ *SBfiCE EUffliy *^^ 

mss /Mooimm: sumin/ am ummc/ odst pmssis/ (ssmac mms/ lmkhbg shes/ MftaMfflNflBiLCH/ 
mazsfOB sf£Bsm/ sime mbskns/ sime aurnE ?mms/ sfcsms/ thbif/ mwirorAL RMOsnNy 

8ffl72233»CfflHnff4Rm: iO«f76e09L FID-IIXFS)T-<)935^ 83AB/31 207 KGES l^^ 

UFIL: Kn/Jg^tLon, guidanoe ax) oonttoL cptimizaticn 

OFF: Mr Rroe l^staiB Qjmail, WdsJit-^ttecsan AFB, CWo. CSS: (Fbteiffi Tbdiiokgy Dlv.) 

OD: U.S.SJI. "ttaBl. into HCUffl ftan noio. "♦tfed^ptsiiia bfeB«ietdj« i {^t±ni2atsiysi Mprav^^ 
pl-12 

fBUS: / «XBIBR KXXET HGUES/ '<IMH®I3S/ AfUEHT PifflB/ ^NflWEfflnOV 'WJCKET HCBB dMHO/ *SMCH»APT 

MDB- /AlflKnHB/ /ffiHIUE aMBOL/OMBCL TMIS/ COnSOmS/ LOBR SXSIHfi/ NSflEKinaV CITIMEWnaV aWET 
* SB^HBfiFiy SMHEAFT HjnOV SSSIHB 

a«ia357*# BSE 8 aaSOEI 16 aiAJ7/00 14 EWES IKLASSmED DDOMNT DMSEK 
UTIL: Oaaxpts and tednoikg/ for advanced space traisportaticn systars 
MM'. AASfBEOS, E. A. 
OEP: tfadoBl AeroButics and Space Aininistraticn, Vfediington, D.C. 

-SftP: United ly ID« In MSA la^Ley Itesearch Oaiter Advan. In IPS aid Struct, fine S|pace Tiaiqpoctatiai ^tems p 
1-lA (SEE ffi4-ia356 GB-16) 

QD: UNEIH) SEKIES 

VHJSt / i^nCSta vraOES/ ^IAUCB VEHIOES/ *MISSIN Hi»NINE ^kh^ hbskns/ *s«ce 

IBtlSCRIAIIN SXSIBl/ "^SBKHBAFT SIEiniFES 

mBNss/TaEm.mjsscna( 
mx a^b. 

fBS: RicnH mjuirBiBits fir tdtaxsd Space TfcaBpoctatiai ^^stans (ASES) ate assessed in tens of amt fffSk 
ndssiai mxieLs. Qroepts aii terfrakgy requiranEnts fir ASES are discussed with partlailar aiteste on 
Etoi»-tD-ocbit aii ortltal trasfia: veWdfiB. Wssioi-telated tedTOkgy tanjiraiHits fir fli^t 
ooifiaKatiaB, fljyit ocntroL, aa» heating, axi matadaOs axl structures are aninslaed. Tednik& drlvm 
fir the varioB adssiciB are IdantifiHi and h^ tednolflBy issues related to thanal pcotectian systenB and 
structiial reciuiraiHits are ei|iBsiaBd. Otha: issues, such as space basins of crtital tia sfa vehic ks 
(OrVs), e(paxfeUe or reusetOe transportaticn systos, and aero bcaidng fir (nVs, are also a ddress ed in 
telatdcn to thanal protactifln systens ail structural tequitenHits. TlinB line fir tedx6k& devekpiait fir 
the Mecious fUj^t configiraCions are indudBd. ■ 

8417Z7S0|QaHZnr4RPIl: 1886-116441 tSMOr-l 81/07/00 164 UBflGES OASSiiJf'HiU DOOieir 
JIIL: MicxoMOve landine system transiticn plai 
OEP: Federal Aviatian Adninistratim, Uadringtcn, D.C. 
CSS: (OCEioeof AdatioiBalicy and Bias.) ^QiAILJlEES 



Cny. INCIEDSEKIES 

WJSi / ^<XE£ ESmeOES/ ^INSQUCNT UN2DG SSSOMS/ ^taOOeSE lAODG SZSIEM5/ ^flBLIC BOAiniNS/ *lTnWlfTy 

MINS: /AVDKECS/ ENmOICNr QfBdS/SaN) SUFFCKT BCUmCNC/ BARAieiSl lEENEIEECKEEON/ SCffilUS/ URSADDG 

84046031^ ISSUE 15 P/£E 2265 QOBZEf 12 RPIf: iCffiD<F-3S0 ISN-9Z-a3S-(S49^ ^^^ In 

BCLES ad FRENCH; UCU^SSIFIB} DOOlCNr 

UFIL: GuidanQe and OcntiQl Itadiiiqifis for Alvanoed Space Vshicles 

OEP: AMsBy Gtaup for Agospaoe Research and DsveLopnaitt NRfrilly-Sur-gedne (Fkaioe). AVAELNHS 

SAP: HCMS/MP^Cl 

CEO: miXE; Sf/np. held in FLorsKe, 27-30 Sep. 1983 

)«us: / ^«nBtc[/ *ta\xaxss/ ^^nniiE gcnuo/ ^wa mxsssasE/ ^gocsjxes/ * NiaaEKnai/ ^^tSNSis/ ^^sekcb 

rotEZUaE/" ^€B)CHItAFr 09010/ ^SH^^ 

HDE: / OOMRIIER EBOQMfi^ OOST ESDHKIE^ UHS SBKE SnUHCES/ HOHlHXKJtUE/ GFEIMIZma^' OOmL FOSHDN 
ESEDKnOt/ (SECEAL SRKinKV SBACHBAFT DOCKDC/ SPACHEAFT tSraiNEBS 

/IN: Ihls sj^iHiosiufi deEdt with spacecxaft prohLsiBt the topic bediig guidanoe wd Gonttnl tedniqLES for dLMiKHl 
< ?pyp vEhicLes* Hllitasy appUcatiaB of space for nendgstticni ocnnuiicatlcn ad intplHgaxe inpose 
increasii^ lequirBnaits Gn spaoecxaft capadtyi crfait ccntxol ad pointiif; aooucacy. lb maet the requirBiEnts 
for futuce spacecraft the ptaiixau i ttm e of €xist±:s ooipxientSt such as acUBtccs and sensors, is inprovBl or net/ 
concepts are dB^eLoped. Ih partioular tie use of ndcroprooessors ad other data distrltuticn systam peodts 
nuLtLfinctiaBl use of various sasors or infoonaticn sources to producse effective, sucvivaUe systene at lav 
cost. Increasing cn-board ccnputing capacity aiahles the use of sofhLstLcated soft^iare for effective ocnplcx 
spacecraft control. A udqie aspect of large spacecraft is the control of the structural configuration in 
otder^tD achieve a specific podnting accuracy. Large structures, with tfaeir mechanical fLexifallity, present 
particular probLans to tie control engineer ad control/structure intaacticn (CST) is a driviiig force in meq/ 
currait prqgrans and figured laqgely in die papers presented. Fbr individual titles, see 164-2460^ thropg^ 
IB4.2462S. 

8«I12237^ ISSUE 3 Bffi 345 QOHISr 20 8a/12AX) 6 PAGES U^^ 

UIIL: QonUned attitude control ad wesgf stocsee 

MMt A/HDFR«N, B. 

OCBP: (bticnal ^^ronautics ad Sjpace ikhdnlstraticn. Goddard S^bdb Fli^^ OGnter, Gteotelt, Md. AVAILJinS 

SAP: S A1Q4P m In NASA. Ia«(L^ B^arcfa Qatita: Integrated Flyuteel 1^^ 93-98 (SE (64-12228 

(&20) 

QD: UOED si j^i^ 

HIUS: / "^KEIZIUZ COOBOI/ ^QBGT SECBAGE/ ^^HX^HS^ ^^SESIBfi INSGRSDEN 

MINS: /EmUE MDCES/ KDEQC BCBG3/ WaSJEES (MKiaHKEES)/ IHINMCT QCGDDC/ SON SEffiUZSnO^ mOHIS 

iBAx B.G. 

AB5: Ihe effect en attitude caitrol ty nultipiLe ^ieeis (used fir energy storage) is described. 

8«10744 Qfad-OQS) CNTft: ^51-17633 UNI: 008383812 CECiN 2QG3S02 FbtioBl Aecoaitics ad S^Boe ikhdnistratiau 
la^gL^ Ifaj u uLiii Genter, B^toi, Vk* Rodwll LitmBtlaBl Obrp., Dnray, Cblif. 



Unuihe aHJicab ility of acnpsite materials tedmlaor toaiattltiite cmtrni »i «-», ^ 

UOifiSIEIEDJBNWCraO, 1S84/JIJ31, 1585^^^ roanamtute oontrol ad eiecgy stxxgse systsn 

•Qb A/WUJMB, J. L. A/161 lEPCRIS Fmnm 



Oi HSUOGEN 



^ COB oHv ■'SSis^ssisr^'^si^i^iSssrs^siB^'^ 



IHIL: FUjJit cokM fbfi^t ccntrol q»staiB stateKjf-tedrol^ 1S83 / JUB 30, 1S85 

TM: A/^naR, a R. a/472 

EI: B/EmESS, H. BBOaS QEBQH) 

!^\1..?!!'!!!!^...!^.. "'^ ^^^'"^'^ '^^ °^^°*^ *^^''"^ ^maiMGr As^afNT 

«AA3«a KEIE 21 BSGE 3ia QOHIICr 63 SVOVO) 7B0 I»^ 

UnL: Qddanoe axl GDnttoI QxifieraiQe, Seattle, \ft, A«ust 2^22, 1984, Ttednical ?apas 

SAP: Hailas, $55.; naniHibers, $70 

^' S«^'t,^°^''^'^^^L5^'rl5^*"'^^ Ifa. York, 

/maton^ Institute of Aetcmatlcs aid Astrcneutics, 1384. 780 p. Fbr iixiividBl itais see AwSJ to 

M(US: / MJJtBWIS/ 'HINIPDL THEEFS/ 'KimMCE (HJIIEN) 

'®^il«S?SJ''°^°'^'*^^*^^^^^ anna, seibk 

M»nEm)CN/sBm»OTaMBa/siRft^ ™^ '^'^^^"^ sbrce 

ABU O.C. 

^ 2s 5Lf^'^;°Lfl«^ ^ S«^ aecossistHl orbital 

fe^ **«^*?lJ^iaJatimina^JStanwith^«ri*leplaltIa^^ 

affjirahk to missile jpii<tatt Also ocnsideRriWAe 

«^ of a oontroL oaicept fir ^eztim seats, latge fladUe sttucte caitroJMilSriSS^ 
iiiiltl>al lacBB aitoaft, airbooie wind shear detecticn. rohmt M«««tr^ «J-^nnr^Lr!!?^5S 



«g^, a modd-fi»U«di« cmtrol ss^ fir hdloop^ 
<* • flsdble 

84A«nA3 ISSE 19 Bflffl 2816 QflHIEr 63 83ltXM» 328 EtfES In F^^ 
JDL: Airoaft ad sfaoeaaft ocntrol — Rssiai bode 
iUIH: A/mSOf, B. N. 

ODt as.S.R.; teoo,r,l2riatel'stVDlWa(B. N. Itew Izta,^ Thi^r. Vblu« 2), 1S83, 3ffl p. Ihlteriau 

103 ««*»•. 



^S„«^,S^S^fSr SS ««wuj <H»=» sn«^ 



MIks IJl. 



SSt ail spaoBoaft pBDpilsicn ^stens. S?^?S^*S1i«BSftrSi *b ,iai<atkn of data 
^, am data '««^«i„^S» S^iT^^a^e also Sly discussed. 
jix3Bssii« tBdirioar to iadiosardix« experimme m s^ 

Unii Riture fli^t ocmroL caiBhiHty de«k|^ 

iMH: AmnW. E. H. »A: A/(lBfiF, Wrifijit-fett«sai AEB. (H) 

B«lnaacs,']iic., 1383, p. 4^7. 



iSA: OR. 



«,«, digital fli^otiiCioL.«dlnt^t5wirrf««B^B.^a^ 



usi,« eKgii«dwd£p«te in tactical WtTO 

raal-tiiiB basis to altamate ««8Pte o£ "*« Igoci^-^ "^J^ ^^^ ^ 
^Sicted tJ-tthein^BctoftteegGdrntod^^j^^ 
S^d«dq«tod«i9i^S^^"*J2^ aU naintairahility. 

ura^ Pli^t ocntni ^^st« devdcpiHit oi tl« B-l pcDgtan 

^M^ a E., imUPS^G. C (yMH^,F. W. I«A: cyatod««aih,«natiaBlC^, KL Se^ 

B^BSi'te., ISO, p. 2»^- 

tmN. aNHX/ ISit^ RU'QIG ^^^^^^^^ 
ilBAt AulfaGC lOA 



ifflS: The B-1 is a la«-««B stiat^c bate (tesigrBd tD pecfom safidy in a ho^ 

Sriiillty of nri^^KXBSS. The fli^t axitml ^ysten addeves these objectlT« with isAi^ 
SSmdoB of fl3My4dreaiian«iticmldesi€ntBdni£jBS. 5« Prf|S"°* °^^*^i?*,^ Jj 
fail-a«atlaHl, Ml-^afie, fljMy-^dre with sinultaieoiBly oinratii^ nechmicaL <xn^ The flight antioL 
SWis described, axi sekctfid flight atl gconi tffit etperiaxES ard reailtHit dwekpnait activity are 
Sd^ Ite«elDp«.ts irelude miittiai of focoe fight in sirfeoes with nultiidfiactrntno^ rejjctiai of 
hxiatntal stabiliia: ontmL f^stecesis, eljinimtiai of pit* cmtrol/st^^ 
S^rudder load osdOJatiois, irxzrase in the ciHatiaHl reliabiU^ 
the suso^tihiilty of tte aigiHitatiai systen to electrical powr trasiaits, and other itaiB. 

84A26M KSffi U ME 1504 CfflHIIff 6 83ADQAB 7^ PAGES IN^ 

UnL: Digital Aviaii<s ^iStaiB QrfaHBe, 5th, Seattle, Vk, October 31-Mwate: 3, 1983, Ptooeediii^ 

SAP: MERias, $28.; ncnnaiias, $56 

an. \mB3 SaaSSi Ctufierane spoKorad by the Institute of Sectrical ari Eaattoijcs B^^ Anerian 

SutB^AacmiticssalStomitics. Na, Yoric, Lstitute of EOectrical and mectradcs EhguieeES, 1983, 

746 p. 
WUS: / *«II«R«/ SIMIHRE OOfUIHS/ MVECNKS/ ^'OMJFaCES/ ^DEGIEftL SSSIHB 

Sb M^av sssiHB sMiiffliN/ TBMOixnaa. FaeafiDNy v/^ 

ABft: G.R. 

Affi- The airiects discussed are related to feult tolerant avionics, awioiics awoct systens, advanced tedrol^ 
S SStal systHiB, nw^enmt tedroqiiBS te sof tvare de^kpnmt ari iiBlntaiBna^ 
SectiLess walmtim, fli^t aperiaxs with digital flijht omtmL ^ystoB, advarsi avioiics 
^VS V/SRL arirototSft. axl a^merdal aircraft ^^^^ 

aviaries are ocnsideted alot« vith VIEIC aipHcatiais ail technlflBy JJit^tri Ottoj^^ 
SSSatai "HP tednicuB, ovteard ncnitorir« axl siwoct, smsoc and si»Bl PJ°°f^, Pf °?°^ 
SSk (H^tal fuST omtni ^ystans, (fata bus tediii(>« ari 5pUca^,;aJ^ s^tt«e» 

te3i« to the digital adoni«r««lutia.,adii«BiHitsaiddidl^^ ^^^S 

staSrds, digital avioria <tel»» *=isi« i«^^^ "» <T?^ ^"''"^ 

SSr ^ a pilot's perspective. Rr individual itans see ^^'^ |^ J^^^^ 

8(4Alfi5a6 BSffi 5 MB S35 OOHIKr 1 83AXVt)0 1565 BflGES IHIASSI^ 

UnUMmW 1983; ProoBBdii«s of the Ibtioral AErapaoe ari Qactrorics Orferare, I^rt^ 1383- 

Vq1uib51&2 

SAP: Mob of tuo ^raluiES, $53.50 

OD: IMHH) SDOES; Qnfaene spatsorad by the Institute of HatricaljriQfi^csB^^ 

SlpSba: Sci^ Obrp..etar NBftolt.]«titute of Electa 1» 

748 p.; vd. 2, 817 p. 

WJSt / <iffiK3a<ffi SBIBB/ *«mMES/ KTMHENCE^ *S»CBBAFr HHm^ 

BCBCOCS^ SOSitt, HOESSDG 

■^ /DA: BJ. 

iiS: Tbpia disoussai indaie tte all electric aircraft; aeroqace power $ystaiB dwdcpnajt; eOactranaffietic 
oojatihllity; robotics; OaVQiM; air data ^staiB; iHvljpticxi sgratsiB; centrals ari diqilqB; RaUnai 



fllta ±g ad signal paxes^rg appLicadas; Oat panel displ^^ techrnLqey; aixbocne inEge pcooessiis snd 
taige tiig aHpHcaticn; airtxme autnnatlc target rao^Jiltlcn/acxiiiisltdcn; podntdi^, traddi^, and 
stabilization; airbocne xadar ad fire ocntrol tednoikey; aidxxne rmpitiar? ad nultipLQq adhocod 
avicnics systans; ad digital systans. QcnsidecatiGn is also glvai to naintHsnoe trainees, visual ad 
dfictrooptlcal sensor sinulatiai; softvare managanait and q^g in aa-iiig tediriqtiBs; liiiBn/macWnB systen 
aalysis; wddoad assessneit; enviromEntal interactions; pi^dolcgicaLteiical interfeoes; AFII/F-16 
fiyit dewekpnent annary; In^gcated ocntrol; flyir^ qusQitifis; and flight naraBiHit. Fbc iidivldual 
iXBiB9B&fB^i£Sn totBM6£S6. 

WA11999 issue 2 PAGE 213 CfflHIRy 63 (HW: SnW2-3430 83^/0) 16 HCES INIASSIFIED O^^ 

UriL: Ihsoiy and appLLcaticns of alapttve ocntrol - A suorvi^ 

^Um: A/ASnCH, K. J« BAA: A/(Iud Institute of 'DadmLccy^ lud, Swedoi) 

CID: 3HIN; Aitoiatica (IS3I (D0&-1D98), vdL. 19, Sept. 1983, p, 471-«6. StaBOtship: Styrelsm for laatisk 
Utvecklir«. 

MMS: / MMPnVE OMBCL/ ^ONXL THBQRSC^ ^EHBfla OHIia/ ^SIOHftSnC HO^^ / *IHHilflGy ASSESSMatt/ 
^narr winrY iTrTT.T7tfn ryi 

MttB: / iMEMSnC PUDES/ HIBLIDGRfifflEES/ aNJEBCBtEE/ EBASIHILnT i»«LEIS/ Pi«»EIEREZ«niN/ RBHAEOS/ SEES 
SCfEHin/ TMfNi 

iBfc tistbac 

^BS: Ptqgr ess in thaory ad appUcaticns of adbptive control is reviewed. Edffierait 4 4J iubdfcs are discussed with 
partiailar eijiTasis en nodel uefeiBiahi adaptive systems and self-tuiii^ rqgulatocs. TSadniquBS for aalyzir^ 
adaptive systenB are disoussed. This includes stability and ocn v e ^gai u e analysis. It is dtmn tiHt abptive 
central la»s cai also be obtained ftan stochastic control theocy. Issues of inportarce for ^plicaticre are 
ocMered. This includas paraneterization, tmii^;, ad tiaddng, as veil as diffierait veys of vsii^ afeptive 
ocntrol. Ai ovecvies/ of applicaticns is givei. This indudes fiaasihility studies as viell as products based on 
^*P^^ m^ tedniquffl. 

84A1117S ISSUB 1 B«S 13 QOHIIOr 8 SZAXVO) 12 WCBS IKXASSinED DOCUBir 

UHL: Integrated sdrfcanB/propulsicn ocntrols tednokgy 

aSB: A/aPtt, N. K-; B/IRffiasSDS, R. H. BAA: B/(Iht?gpatBd ^^stans, Inc., Mo Alto, Ck) 

am INOED SI8IES; Im NfflXN 1982; Ftoceedir«3 of the Nsiticnl i^co^pBce ad ELectrcnics CbnferHce, Ikyrton, 
OB, »ty 18^, 1982. U3lunB2. (Aa3"11083 01-^) Nar Yodc, Iretitute of Electrical ad Electratics 
Inc., 1982, p. 7B0-791. 

MIN5: / AIRBHB/g iflCBBCRe OlRflHB/ AUCRAFT EESDGW ifflCHEIHCHIE (OHUIEBS) / OMHDL TMEI/ FMII TOmitE/ 
MIZHRXESSDC (OCMUDERS)/ WmO. HCCESSDG (QMUHS) 

tBki CD. 

iBBi IhtqgratBd airaaft control tedndlogies ad issues are cxadned ad potaitial s pp L v mim to int^tated 
air feanB/p ccpdsicn oontool developnaxt ate reviewed. Classical ooncrol arddtectute ad the nonar in %hidi 
it neets aircraft caitrol requdrenents ate shMu Aircraft oonttol rec|udranEnts and encrgii^ tednolcsis 
^«dr%dll help meet firtute ndsslm requiraiEnts are discuBsed. idvenoed nuItivarUble ocntrol nettodb sudi as 
WMJ*lcal <aixrcl ad &Bquanc3Hshapli« nethods liiidi ate useful fa onputation are 

described. Integrated c aitpol systan atcfaitectutes ate addressed, includii« tie ndti^arkiile Qntrd 
ftocessor, the Baiidant Cbnnan as Rrooasgor, and the CfentEaliaed ftooassor ffafcnfent ActiBtot/SMor l^ystan. 



106 



86M5a96 BSE 4 BflCE 522 GHHasy 74 RPI*: SPE-SK 85iAXMX) 152 BCES INIASSIEIH) DOOIBir 

UriL: Fiber optic ccnmiiicatiai tedmolpgy; ErooBBdii«s of the Maetii^, S^ Ei^p, (A, A«u5t 23, 24, 1984 

/oak MaiBft», C. W. BAA: A/(Mitre Cbtp. , Bedford, MA) IKT: A/H3. 

SAP; MEDins, $33.; imu j iim , $43 

OD: IM3H) SDOES; Maetiqg sponsorad ly SEE - The Ihteratianl Society for Optical B^inBerim. BeUrrian, MIL 
am - The IhtEnHtUnal Society for Optical Eiigineerirg (SK PtD0B8dii«s. VUuie 512), 1985, 152 d. Rr 
individual iteiB see A8&-15397 to A86-1S399. /, , p r«: 

MAJS: / ■HJHuMXtilS/ miBi (PUCS/ -KPnCdL COftmamrN/ *nTTWT OG y ASSESaPir 

MDB: / Am NUSmW CD-BFFKnENES/ D«EA HOCESSMy DStt TMQflSSEN' EEMlUHBONy HH3RWPEKS' HBIENCr 
FESOffi/ lASER APHICaEKNS/ IflCAL i«EA ^CWTKS/ UJG \ftVE RflDEAEHIV leiAL BflJEES/ hEEA 

cBans/MinHBONy sbot uswe RAnro tiw»iissicn^ snawL msiCRniiv scud sboe usss/ THmuxs 

rKtiX G*R« 

ABS: Fiber optic oonpcnEnts ate consddecBd, takiiig into acaxnt a revdew of 't^rlnpimtr "glatfrl tn ryriml fibers, 
a reviw of fiber optic cable tedixjloey, aspects of fiber systan testing, fiber optic splloB, a ccltlcEa 
redaf of fiber optic otniBctots, and fiber optic ooraiuiicatlon tedrolcgsr btanrfrirs devices. D^vekpiBits 
conoenring fiber optic sg/stens are also discussed, glviiig attaiticn to optnelBctniiic issus in fiber optic 
camuricatiaB, digital fiber optic systans, wideband aalpg fiber optic systans, fiba: optic local area 
netModcs, and vaueLength division nultipLExii:^. 

85A1C576 BSffi 1 EflGE 30 CSIHIICr 35 SiAXiAXi 279 PiCES INXASSIEIED DOCMNT 

UtlL: Adwaiced in&ared sensor tedixxLoey; R nrmtin gB of the Meeting, Gaieva, Swit2srland, April IB, 19, 1983 

AUm: A/EESSCN, J. 

BAA: A/(Societe Am^rae de Tlplencinaiiicaticns, I^Dcis, Ftane) 

BKT: A/ED. 

SAP: MadEcs, $36.; nnnaitss, $U 



OD: INEIH) SDOES; Meeting sponsored by S3B - The IhtaiBtiaHl Society for Optical B«ineecJi«, Association 
IbtioBlfi de la BBctenteTtetalquB,As9odazicneEIfittrot8aiicaedElettraiica Italian, etal. BeUii^an, 
Vft, ffilE - The IhteaatiaBl Society fix Cptical Ek«ineerinE (SHE ftooBediras. ^feiluie 3S5), 1983, 279 p. Fbr 
individual itaiB see iffl5-lC577 to A85-11B97. /» . k. 

MUS: / ^QNEEEWCES/ ^IKBfflS) lEEBCICBS/ *ECBAEa) BW2P5/ '■fEMHE SE^GCBS 

MITB: /fflMAItffi mOES/ CHHCE OOUEUD EBnOS / FIBER CPEECS/ HX2g. Hi»C EEtfUES/ BMZ FEgDUJOOV IMMSD 
ASgQOff StSmUSE/ JfBffl ED TBISaXES/ MHSAQD OBOJnS/ LDCAR SStSS/ CPEDQiL CEmMDfliaV 
Vtmnnns/ amjriKY miss/ SBflgBare Asnopg/ TBrrwinry TirnrMrnrw 

ABA: 6JL 

ABS: Oetectns fix optical aomiuiicaticn are discussed, taidng into acxxuit reodvcrs fix lo^er \«eLa^ opti<al 
<xi mMikati m ^istans, (hotxdetBctos fix lot^g wvekrgtii cptical fiba: oomuiicatlai sfystos, Gfe oil IhGbte 
awdaidiB photodiodes fix la« ws«laigth optical oomuiicatlai use, aCd % Tb (1.3 ndam - 1.55 ndan) 
aoJaxte [Intnllode, 9JBll£icatiai test results of pdgtaUai P(pi)EN AHXs, M^ fiequaxy wveLasth 
noddaticn qpecttosoofy with diode lasers fix cptical nanocy appUcatlGns, and a oaqBriscn of in&ared sarar 
tedmlqgifis fix tetlaxmnnicatlons aid thameO. incging ^ystens. ^^pects relatal to fixal plane ansnr 
tBchioilflBy are also eqilased, giving attaitioi to qBpflfeinfiaradfiDcalplaKarnBfsfi^ apecUu i Bitt 

appUc^iaB, a neaikr daneL CED in&ared inasa: with a pilatliUB sOiclde Sctottfcjr batrte , In Sb infiared 
i^is with S<n) leakMt, ad the infBct of fixal plaie tBdndLggieB on IR systaa dniffu Ifapies relatal to 

107 



s,«bon» «d ^timmal SB«crs ad te aRxUcatlm of infrarel sb«xs to dvlliai ar«8 a« also 

COSIkIblcu* ^ ♦««♦••••••••••• ♦•••♦ 

ffiW) Zro EMS IHlASSIEim nXIMNr US GW AHOES 

SBcretaS of Defiase teUabiHty ad Madntainabdllty) stufy), part 2 
TLfftHmLHeiJact, Jli. 1982 -A*. 19B3 
aSBx tJQJSOi, li. S.,JR.; B«flZ, R. S. 
aSPt liBtltute fioc DefaBB ABlysas, Aksadria, ^fa. 
CSS: (Scdaice ad TBdndkey Mv.) 
CEO: UI]nH>SEKIES 

Asasaoir 

* sBCuan/TBMOfloruniiaaniivwftKNSiBiHfi 

a^'amro 74 FPHh mjttb^lmw^tscm*: fi9628^-c^ af mm. ^ avcsAX) 80 Has 

UO^BSIEIH) DOOMNT IB GW /GaOES 
UnuiiiLtipucpose fiber optic trasfiiver(Mra«pcqgc^ HrHlTtednical Bgnrt 

iMH: A/HmM», C W. ^ 

GDRP: Mitre Oocp., Bedford, Mbbs. 

CDO: mnH) SBOES; Qdffiss AIB, N.T. BADC 

Mfus:/ .aii«oiioaMra/*EiHR(Fms/-MssiiEaim/^^ 

MDB:/ i««UICBnBIE^ nEEML CBMN) SBIDB/ EEIES/ UGBT iMHHN DEIES / MBSUB SBIBB/ MIB6^ 

iiS^S/M-JiNanaB^iEiBCPnnNyTMErA^^ 

8«11473 (SuiMnO) (Unh NIC3-5711M»i 071124788 

OOhlOegsro 55^56 SCMWltetionalAetaHrtics ad i^ lads Rseatch Oaiter, Cl«dad, 

drio. AA»SrjaiiCtaollUiiv.,CUwBlad, CWo. 

um. Digital optical s»ccs «ir« ««lH«th divlslai nultlptadnB ad IntaAn-Bter taink^ UOifiSinH) 
QCKBER 1, 1984 / FESUiEnA, ISee 

IM: A/BfllfilZK,R. J* A/Zm 
K: B/H(nSGB,K. fHaaSOESaED 

MMs. / ^ocfflBnoi QMHi/ -(FncfiL »®suarc 

EFFlOBGr 

84A264S0 EM n MB 1S36 QOHIIff 32 82A]0lAX) 5 MGES IKIifi^ 

- 108 



UnL: Hi^ speed fiber optic data bus for hxsl <bta 0Qniiuii<at±iB 
MMt A/HHHl, a R.; BAIHH, P. R.; G/SCHLIN, J. W. 
_ BAA: a(m, HT HectovCptical Products Div., ItoerckE, VA) 

°°* iS®,^^ ™' ^'*=*«=™'82-<3x*alTteleocmaidcatdaBQTtf^ 2 

Mffi, Onfi^mce Hbc^ \falxBE 3 (A»WWQ1 U-32). Na, Yodc, Iretltute of H^trlcal ad Elatnnic; 
BnfpnEess, jSBZ, p. 956-960. 

**^iSSS^ ^°™* TIWSflSSICN)/ *FIEER (Flics/ 'ViHB (MA SmiM)/*aTIDiL(nMMi^^ *EDe DKISKN 

MDB: / QOA EASE MHCGBCNT SSSIM/ HWDR i»«LBIS/ NftSA HC3WG/ CPEKAL COULDG 
ABA: Author 

ABS: Ower the past decade the Malune of data ocnpilBd in industrial, military, ad sdaitlflc (fata faeses las 
inaB-iad to anrnxB pcqxrticns. TWs increase has lead to the devekpimt of re tedniqitt for eonxiidcaLly 
^.'?^■'f^^^°"S?j°°^?^"^ data rates. LeadJi^ aiOK these tedidques is the serial as^nds^ 
njltitenrin^ tiniB divd^nultipla«l data bus. This paper describes a 100 ifc/s fiber optic (fata bus systan 
far ocm ectiig 16 tendnals separated hy ip to 2 km. The systan ws deweLoped as part of a IBSA Ebta Etae 
Hu^^uuit ^fsten fior archiving and retrieving of sateUltie (fata. 

8a«76663» CfflHIEr 32 REI»: 1881-860710 SMEAB 223 BOS UOASSIFIED OXlJDff _ 

UnL: MaiBd commlcatiais. fltaticns frcm the Infiannaticn SetvicK for the iiysi(s ad esinesiiK (amnitie 
(fata base 

US'. Ekqgcess Report, Jan. 1975 - .fen. 1981 

OEP: fetional Tadnical Ihfonnatiai SecvicB, ^x±^fifild, \fe. AVAIL.NEIS 

SAP: ac $30.aMF $30.00 

QDi wnsDsctssss 

mjst I -massstssss/ *D«MBa) sraoRA/ ^<smiL oimnoeiin 

aW12a4# ISSE 3 BflGE 329 OOHIinr 32 RP»: AI>MH18 BCWR-1940 aiAI7AX) 29 BCES llOASSIEIED DXaifiC^ 

"™^fP.^*^ 5a>m4gdwidth fiber-optic siflpalliik fix E» ad gE»ral labocatocy anlicaticns 'Iia>: 
Pectineal Report, Sep. 197B - Ncv. 1979 

AUm: A/HAOCBIM, J. a 

OBP: Any Diamd labs., Afal^lii, Md. mSLM^ 
SAP: C/CB/tF/Ql 

OO: INnSSEKIES; S^xibocbI in pert ly Oefiase Ndfiar i^oxy 
MMS: /*«Q«B«OAmiEIERS/*HHaRCH(!aEIICHiaS/ 
HttB: / CALimaniC/ NUeoraL OMBDL' FHEKHB/ lOClIE 01^^ 
ABA: Aithor((SA) 

ABS: Maas ha« beai ficud to (xntrol nnbl nodse in a fiber-optic qstan udi« sii^teHB* kevoiKceiQe 



is miiQad birdithadm, a«J carefii attaitioi Is gi^«i to fiber ocmBctkns. These ^^^*^fj\'=°!f^'f^ 

onite intenSl tatteries. tednm iipit smsitlvlty is a fiw ^dm^«lts into 50 etas, ^S-^tm ttediK mM 
ra, OTi ^ciaBBisgreatBcttai30dB. Traodsdm distsnoes vjp to fcOoiEtas arc possible, althoi#i 
fiha: dispasicn will leduoe beniddtii at long distances. 

a2A2B5B5 BSE 13 HCE 208Z QflHUDr 37 SIAXVO) 38 BflGES INI^fiSiniD nXUW£ UMiuuii 

unL: Idxxatoiy testii^ of rutba:-to-nEtal bends 

/UB: A/OinS, E. 

VtAi A/Ofelassiai Rttff PtoducEES' Itesearch Assodatlcn, Btictexknluy, Herts., B«lad) 

QDi INnEDKDnXM 

Jns D6vela|iiBitsina*Bsivea-2. (A82-428576 13-39) Ixiriai, AppliHi Sdaioe RiflidHS, ^ 367-^0^ 

MDB: / iCffiSISE BMIING^ M<HME EN3Mffiiro' H^^ 

iOA: GJL 

ifflS! QmoHrtsusiiBrdbber-ttHiEtalbaxbarcwiddyusBdina^^^ 

SoSS« a^ofattadiEitaranBaisofntriifyirsthepcqsrt^ ^""^^tr^ 

EsBda^beariira fioc te booster nxtet notors of the SjBoe 9uttlfi. The ^JS^to^J^ 'tf^ 
sSmxix nite-t«HnBtal btnb are disoussed, taking into aooomt the ASM W29 nethodsA^ vWch arc 

Serri. ari attmtii is gi^«l to the direct tenslm test, the pBd^,ari^cmet^ 

irfluadS borri stm«th are iiwastifi^ted, ^^^ ^^'^f'^J^J^^f "^^^^J^^^l^J^ 
boidiis qStan, the effect of the rubber otnpMri, aii the effiect of the nnilding coxJitiaB oi bend stra«th. 



110 



No: A4 Title ; No Hardwire to Vehicle; Minimal Launch Control 

Interface; No Ground Power 

Operations Requirement ! 

Minimize hardwire connections to vehicle to simplify vehicle erection and pad 
connection sequence. Also, drastically reduce quantity of control and data 
functions from LCC to pad. Eliminate requirement for ground power. 

Rationale ; 

All systems must be dramatically reduced or simplified to achieve required cost 
reduction. O&M of vehicle hard connects is costly and labor intensive. 

Sample Concept ; 

Vehicle electrical power is self-contained via high density power cells. 
Essential ground control functions are relayed to the vehicle via RP, infrared, 
or equivalent non-hard-connect and related GSE to vehicle. Vehicle connects 
limited to propellants, holddown mechanism, and electrical ground. 

Technology Requirement ; 

Remote RP and infrared control techniques are in existence. No technology 
breakthrough required except development of high-density energy cells (see E). 

Technology References ; 

NASA/RECON: 86A15396, 85A10576, 84X74058, 84X73435, 84K11473 
84A26450, 82N76663, 82N12314, 82A28585 

See also E. 



Ill 



^5 Title; Software Conunonality 



Operational Requirement; 

The vehicle should utilize the same software for ground operations test and 

integration as for flight. 

Rationale; 

current «S ground op.ra.io„=Uacco.pli.h^ .1th sever.1^^^ 

irt^Z 'the'^n °cL5SlU"S;..i;'"" Pri-P?. thi; .in.l pr.l.un=h load 
requires 14 dock-hours to accomplish. 

Saaple Concept: 

The Avionics should be designed as a distributed system with one or more high 
IJeedbises providing communications between subsystems as required. 

» u ».K-«oto» should have the capability of autonomous ground operations by 

vehicle integration is complete each subsystem would be commanded to the flight 
mode without additional computer reloading. 

Technoloipy Requirement; 

Distributed architecture. 
Technology References; 
lUS software. 



112 



No« 



E 



Title: Eliminate Requirement for Ground Power 



Operational Requirement: 

Ideal Innovation: Vehicle systems that operate without requirement for ground 
power connection at any time during checkout or launch operations. This 
directly implies an onboard power source capable of providing sufficient power 
for ground O&M, T&C/O, and launch operations without connection to facilities 
or GSE. 



Further, provide a low maintenance state-of-the-art energy storage source, 
energy source requires LOX, it should use propellant-grade Oj- 

Rationale: 



If 



Vehicle "Power-Up" is one continually repetitive "BIG DEAL". Each power-up at 
the OPF, VAB, or Pad requires a "daisy chain" of scheduling, extensive command, 
control, and communication between the orblter location and LCC, and dozens of 
people manning consoles and computers. The requirement for ground power also 
requires complex GSE, sensitive umbilical connections and, usually, towers with 
swingarms. These all require extensive checkout time and personnel (engineers, 
technicians, mechanics, Inspectors, and clerks) to support. 

It is very highly desirable for Individual vehicle sysytems to have local, 
autonomous test and C/0 capability Independent of vehicle master power status. 
Ideally, vehicle power would always be available and each system could use, or 
be isolated from, power at local discretion. 



Requirement for special high-grade Oj for fuel cells creates additional 
logistics, GSE, personnel, and timeline needs creating an "invisible tentpole" 
far in excess of the 5-to-l commodity price differential for the modest 2443 
lb. orblter system capacity. 

Sample Concept: 

High density energy storage systems, such as regenerative fuel cells or 
sodium/sulphur batteries to provide adequate on-board power for ground O&M, 
T&C/O. Fuel cells should be capable of using propellant-grade Oj* Circa May 
1988 fuel cell grade 0^ cost 4.8 times more than propellant grade ($264/ton vs. 
$55/ton). 

Technology Requirairent: 

Admittedly, a "gee-whiz" power system (not yet available) is a great need. 
Accelerated development of energy storage systems is needed with emphasis on 
fuel cells and consideration/development of sodium/sulphur batteries. This 
criterion, with 59 tech references, is no doubt one of the most severe. 

Technology References: 

NASA/RECON (abstacts attached): 

87X70518, 87N22801, 87N19811, 87N19809, 87N17397, 87N16453, 

87N14860, 87N12998, 87A33793, 87A33790, 87A33787, 87A33778, 

87A15901, 87A14170, 86X73564, 86X73563, 86X72121, 86X71138, 

86X70734, 86N28331, 86N28329, 86N27586, 86N23047, 86N17886, 

86N16734, 86N16495, 86N14764, 86C12215, 86B10483, 86B10277, 

86A37201, 86A36369, 86A24845, 85X76813, 85X72247, 85N71096, 

85N33588, 85N31372, 85N16292, 85N13880, 85N13850, 85A45422, 

85A33144, 85A26700, 85A26501, 85A12599, 84X75772, 84N31535, 

84N12246, 84N10493, 84A30956, 84A30107, 84A30103, 83N14683, 

81N22305, 81K10462, 80A20128, 75N24837 

DIALOG (abstract attached): 1384056 



D6C 



iiili—INTENTIONAtLy eiiANR 



115 



87X70618 

AGaCEES UTEL: litMun aquaous battay far airaaft pxpulsiGn 

TLSP: Interim Itepart, Sep. 1983 - Fsb. 1985 

ianH: A/EUHErr, H.; B/HNMI, R.; C/aHIN, A.; IVRfllKHl, R. 

OFP: Gould, Ihc,, Caevelari, CWo. CSS: (Ooean ^^stsns Edv.) MFC: 00 

CJD: INCDED SUKIES 

MUS: / ^HffilRIC BtSHBOSS/ ^«HH3KIC BEOULSKN/ ^^ECHaXEIC (SIS/ ^flH- CHIS / ^UIHIIM SLUIR BMnHOES 

HD6: / AIREAFT QGDG^ COL ^MXES/ CELL QOHZES/ EISaBOCKBOSIS/ EIKHRXaMISIIS/ HaBOGEN muuLis 

87rC2B01# ISSUE 16 Rffi a40 QOHaaff 20 RPR: i»^7B8e9 AETMSyE»/86D-l 86A1/00 71 ^^ 

UriL: Irwestigatlcn of nxtet powered, open cyde, lOEepetd^uJ^uidc gEneratocs for high, pdsed pcwer needs In 



TlSh M.S. Thesis 

^iim: A/FOHER, JCBI V. 

CDRP: Mr RxQB Iret. of Tech. , Wrd^t-^ttason AFB, CWo. 

CSS: (School of B[«;ineerLns.) 

SAP: Avail: NHS HC iOVMF ifil 

GEO: IMCIE) SDQES 

AJS: / ^"HHaiamL RESISnVnY^ ^WOERBai^ KHER 

SUEIUES/ ^QSUBI 

HDG: / EBFIHnaS/ ROCKET EKaiiS/ BOQ^ HBHEI7 SGU!R (SIS^ SOBQIIX/ Sta SUHSSS/ aj^COUTEOBS 
ABA: GRA 

tB5t ttda iimsti^tim eaidiBd tie pofisdbdUty of vsizig a rodoet powoed BsepetotvdDodb^neDdc genaator for pda 
pouBT in speceof aOOnqpuBtts (MO* Ihe result is a preliodnaiy desipi of an (fl) gan^ an open 

cyde di^ dacrel ad a sii«(Le sjpeaxxxAjcWe solafnld coil. Ihe didc demel acts as a thrust defLector, ad 
intoxBl vama oouitoact incboed Morticity. Ifae use of a solid fuel wsfier gcedn desigi rocket notor is 
proposed for increasBd dectdcal ccnductivity ad pulse opecation of the gaieEBtcr. Ifedns oonservative 
pacaietecs, a gasator desiffi capeUe of beizig carried oi one or two space sluttle launches is dwekpod with 
estineted ness of 24t^Ckg ad estimted power output of 134av. Ihe ncndnal opecatLcn tine before 
refiKfad^mait i 115 secuds; the restriction operation tine is deteriocaticn of the chemel throat. This 
^ ^ffy<gi eoaeetb present ndear ad solar cell power systBS in power output per udt mass. 

SmSBllt ISSK 12 H£E 1649 OgHnor 44 FFIf: EEB7-OQ1A74 
Cnie.86QQO-39 CNEIh \^3L-10MK;-3 86/00/0) 15 VtCES 
IKIASSIEIED DOdlCNr 

UTIL: Hcmlltfaic fuel cells 

iUSBx A/fBEf D. C.; B/BUICKEUN, P. E.; C/BUaH, D. E.; tVOAA, T. D.; E/CEES, D. V.; E/HEEK, J.j 
G/EASLER, T. B.; H/OUNSSGNy V. A.; I/n/NZRCZQl, B. K.; J/FCUBBR, R. J. 

GGBP: Argcme VatimL lab., III. 

116 



SAP: Awdl: NEES BC ^CE/MP AOL 

mjSi /HEssw itfussE/ *mBBxnav '«fia cms/ '«bghbweiin (HdMHoiG) 

MUG: AHUMIES^ OIIDir IB6IT!/ HlCmifi SnuniBES 

iffii^ HE 

/BR The iDcnoIithic desj^i egpk^s the sede thin oeEamlc ooipjiaits used in od» odde fueL obUs in a stroK 
Jl^tMd^t hcnsiccnb sttucture of anaU oeUs, aid tlus can achieve v&y hi«|i powo: pa: udt beqs or vdUbe. 
^ IJjJit wi«^ ad ]w ^ral^lne, as >eU as the effldaxy aid reliability of rf^tHnil systas, are 
adiait^epous in space systans. Oansidetahk peqepess has bem nade in devdcpdi^ nanUthic fuel cells. rvn«» 
of tfie mtndlthic desiffi ha»e been fabricated aid opetatBd. High current daBdties tewe beai adiiewd. Amws 
of the annlithic desd^i hawing ptototypdcal diraensicns have been fabricated aid opeated. 

87MSBCB|ISaE12BflGE]«8CfflH3Kr44RPI*; II86-(B6619 8DE^EC^6^B41 5/m^ 61 BtES INlifiSIEm 

UTIL: Rjel oeUs TIS'. Tachnolqey Status Rqxrt 

OBP: Hxc^towi TlachiolQey Oaita:, V. Vk. 

SAP: Aiodl: NHS E i!04/HP A3L 

OD: UOHED SERIES 

mUS: /*<IMMCniB/ ^ITBL cms/ ^HIWEIWfNiy^^ 

^ms:/imss/ aaaxEs/ ^FinRO/ usmxmnsis/ Fmiasnav imFfcajm;/ mni^ solid 

HBCmiHES 
i»U QE 

«Sj The status <rf the US Departneit of BHjy's Rjd ObUs PkpB?an at the etri of FT 85 Is dsctibe^ The raact 
OTsIsts of: (1) ai overviw of the RkL QeUs ftogtaa including a brief disoussiai of hw fuel oeUs wdq 
£) a qropsls of the ft oetfaric Add Fbel GaLL (EATC) , Maltai G^rixnte Rjel cai (M3q) , ad Sblid Odde RbI 
Ofll (SdC) ftogtaiB ad their 1985 pccdects; (3) a dlscussiai of tie Fbel CfeUs AKaned Iteeetdi ad 
Ttedtaataor De wJcpng it (iR and ID) Rrogtan ad pcqjects; ad (4) a sunnaty of tie Rjel G^ls ^fstes ad 
ilndicaticns ftqgtan. A oamm direction of fuel oall dewekoiBit has hem tn «nhini» <nrW v4A«T <^•\^„ into 
0ca^ caUed stads or mkilfis in ocder to increase pouer output. In 1985, the scaler of Bac stads to the 
4CH« level ccntJiuBl, ad a pcqject involving the nenuficturii^ of 46 powr plaits wb oomleted. SDTC 
scate^f) (zooBBded to the 24-Qell subnodile stsige. iln H3C 1-ft stadc dBBXBtiated effective omaaiBit of 
electrolyte, ccnttol of end<ell shorting, ad resistane of sepaiatx pdates to axicsicn diKim 4000 hjits of 
opoation. « ad TD provided infionnatlcn on teaetlai mechaniaiB ad naterials for M3Cs, SDKTs, ad MCs. 

tmn20M ISSUE 9 BMZ 1238 (SOBIRr 44 BFnh fVSMMBJW 
JtL-«B-86-1 4 Wg 1.26:180^7 Ofltt mS7''918 86/7/15 99 
BAGES tNlASSIFIBD DOOIfiir 

UtlL: Ihe NASA Aanspaoe Battay Safety bxlxxk 

MJOi A/BUHRT, (StAID B/ SBOttO, SUMfUI; C/BCJiZnE, 
JOBI J« 

^JSP: Jet Fkopulsicn lab., C^aifGnda list, of Tbdi., IteaioB. 
SAP: A«il: mSfCiCEtriOl 

GKh wnn) sratiBR 

117 



ta^/SOES/ ffifflBEB/ UmW aWHBflFT KWR 3SBUES/ 
SMHBAFT HaUSUN' ZnC 

ABft: Aitliac 

MK. TW., hnbdc IBS bBBi wlttsi fa the puTposB of aajBliitinB tiiosB iiMJlvad with batteries ^* *e 

C^aItJ^I Tteffillaiihattayteatds are related tD user aid/or nBnufecturar-inAJced cajses. "me 

^S'^SecS^S.^^vSd'teto zIxk: a«te ^ 

SlsTaA^BH^^teay d«=ribad. tyidcalaipllcatkrsaregivai, a*«ite8P5ad dIsB*«iteBB8 are 

StotHi7aldSr!lv'rt^rafietyte2ardsas^ 

g7N16453» TS3E 8 ME 3075 QamKf ^ BPHI: II8Mtt4953 
a]CE«E43121A 6AI1AX) 45 BfiOS INIASSIEIED EDOMNT 

UtlL: BOectrochaidjcal energy stora^ Fcogtan Tia»: Amal 
Etcgrffls Beport, 1 Oct. 1984 -30 Sept. 1S85 

OFP: DEpartnott of Basgf, lfe*ii«tai, D. C CSS: (Office of 
Vkwrgf Stnaee and Distributkn.) 

SftP: Arall: NOS BC iCQ/W /Ofl. 

caot uanH)scKiES 

j aaBrrra nrmflEtt. CHI^ ^IB. CEIIS 

MiKRi /EimipaaMasis^ HBcncmEy ihhiw sumRBg imuiia/ 
leoL AIR wnmEs/ ninsajWKEW jsgnssass/ scdom 

sunt BffllHaES 

ffie. n ,„h m tiie MLoidiK tcnles Is sumariTBd: netaO/air batteries, aibUnt teB|aati» UtWinhattertes, 

"^ SS^ ^tSTHttS/Stn sulfide batteries, fuel odns,»vtaip.Add«l«^ batteri«. fl«r 

taatteEioB* 

Smm ISB 6Hffl8CBQaBQ0Rr54HPIl: EnW7-»eO 86AXVa) 23 pages In G«« llOifflSinH) DOOIWr DtSP 

HXB6ai 
Unu life s«a^ «i «8y siwly ^ystaiB fix nm«i BjEopem ret^ 

illlBt A/MUUftKLV R> 

aSP: D30iis-Ntake Gja.bJL, FriedrididBfen (Hast Gemafy). 

Sff! AmII: mSE:KQA9iaL 

Ctth (Sam^mSBtLmaUCCn Pt«mted at IIA 86 ^nposiua, am«, \fa5t Ganay, 6 an. 1986; spMoally 
HB»ivOba:^v<3B9eUscteft e.V. 

Must /^BiixEHi sta mxsm/ ^use awFr sbeb/ ^m«ib) samtfiy otwtd bwh sta tuaa/ 

118 



MINS: /RJQi CELLS/ MESSKM lUHWiC/ SZSIEM5 BNGIDGERIKV IHBCLOGSr ASSESaCNT 

m^ mi 

AB5: Ihe requiiBnaits and tednolqgical pcejBmticns of the life soppcrt and energy si(ply subGystsis for Buropeen 
nBned missions are iBdiBed* GLnuaiiii^ life SL^ppott systensy ndssiai requliuiuitSy specifications^ systBn 
ocnpcnaitSy ]:ec]uirEnEnts for ectiHf^Ehioular activities^ and ES& tednotlcg/ pctgcanB ace pcesented. In the 
f^olH of eneqgy sjppfy (fuel cells), ndssicn requirenEntSy fuel cells and systens ocnpcnents, and ESk 
tednolcgical pnepacaticns ace outlined. 

Sm29m TSSE 4 £¥££ 513 aOHZEf 44 RFI»: [£86-011070 aiF^6(B10-9 IXI^ E-^£[S-84GRr21400 SSAXVO) 5 BAGES 
INXASSIFIH) IXXUCNT 

UnL: Ossnelopnent of ii4gaiBah 1e enes^gy stacage for space nuLtini^e^BiBtt applicaticns 

smt A/aszBisn, m. 

OORP: 0^ Ridge Ibticnal lab., I^Eni. 

SAP: Avail: WE BC tCQAT XA 

QDi INEIH) SEKDES; ftresaited at the Ihteisociety Bieigy Ocr^iecsiai Qig^^ 25 

Ag., 1986 

mjS: /^fidRIE BftdHOES/ ^QOGT SKBMS/ ^'flEL CELLS/ -f^SStiE \CAPCNS/ ^ aMZEBAFT FOUQl SUEHJE5 

MlIB: /FEASBBILny M42SIS/ TEaNIOCT imUZmOV WEAPCN SK5IHB 

iS^ DGE 

ABS: A pcqgcan has cecaitly heEn initiated as a part of the naticnal Stca^c Defense Initiative (SOT) to develop 
enexsy stocage tednclqgy for space power appUcaticns. Ihis pcqgcam is jointly ocnducted by tie Dspactment of 
Bnsscgf and the DEpBttmait of DefiEnse* It is firxigffd on the deMslopnent of adv^noed tednolpgifis in i.<ya rT i Aile 
energy stocaep that will be cequiced &r gaieraticn of iniltimpgiHntt levels of sprint power for SI space 
ndsslcns. Enecgy stocase tedrdkgf ocnddeced in the progcan celate to devices that ho^ a hi^ specific 
capacity for eieacg^ stQcage, ^idch cEn pccndde hig^ levels of electcic power en denrnd, aid ^Idch mey be 
ledamyd with eLectcic power. The dERdces of principal intanest ace electcocfaendcal batterlest cfaanlcal fid 
cells, and elfictrcmBcfaanical flywheels (the latter includes tie nDtocs and gEnecatccs used to provide the 
electrical to mechaiical oopliis)* The intent of the [rcgtan is to resol^^ tedidcal fieasihiHty issues 
associated with an ela:trically regEnecabte easy stocase system satisfyi^ SJpecifically, energy 

stoc3gie tednolcgy will be deMelcped thcoiig^ the proof-of-^ociioept stsigie within the next six years that prcTvides 
a specific power greater then 2.5 Itf/kg with m entsfSf storage density of at least 450 kJ/kg. 

87AS793 ISSUE 14 BAGS 218Z QIIHZEf 4^ 87AXV00 3 BK£S IKIASSEFIH} DOOlCNr 

UEIL: Hie^ capacity nickel-l^^icceEn cells for space applicatiais 

MJOb A/UHNXK, D. BAA: A/(IBff, Vri^^t i^roaitiGal labccatories, ttri^t-fottascn AFB, CH) 

dD: INQED SDOES ; IN: Rxgcess in batteries and solar cells, ^falune 6 (AB7-33776 14-44). CLeMeland, CH, JBC 
ftns, Inc., ldB7, p. 21&-220. 

HyS: /msasaC FOHB/ ^^FIEL aUS/ ^VnEKEL EBKGW BSnEKIES^ ^^sbacebaft fohr suhies 

HD6: /imu/ jJEsm mixsis/ umxas/ mi^ 

Okx O.C. 

119 



«5t A dwdopMt status eakatiai is prasEntad for rridoEl-lvdEqBai batterias intended ly the U.S. AlrRcoefor 
SDBOBoaft iBBS iH!ydrii« <s|Bdties of ijp to 30O aqpecfrJiDucs. These cells use a» anflac etectrode \Mdi 
faHHtatwa tsat trasfiar ari aHoB the eLectrlcal leads ocmBctiiig the eLectEodas to the temdnals to he 
QdimtBd to t*3 oi the iiside padnEta: of the ekctrodes ari thai routed thtoiJi the insdde of thedecttode 
stadc The aiooth diauilar outa: perimeter resultiDB fixm this oonfiguratlcn further pranotes heat traB&r to 
the pEBsaite vessel across a undfiDtmly nanow gap. A m^oc imovatiai is fte use of catalytic 09801 
EBOoiliimticn strips oi the inside of tlK ptessure vessel wQl. 

87ifl3790 ISSUE 14 BCE 2182 OOBIIS 44 87/00/00 4 BfSGES UDASSIEIBD nUMNT 

unL: Edzect fiueL cell 

iUm: A/BKBR, B. S. B6A: A/(BiBcg7 Research Cbcp. , C^luty, CT) 

OD: WnB3 SHOES; Ttk Pccgress in battades and solar cells, ^fekme 6 (ie7-33776 14-44). COfisielaid, (H, JHC 
ftess, Ihc, 1987, p. 172-175. 

MD6: >nai. Awrag/ WHrmnr RMR PUNES/ HHmTTffMTSlTg/ atBGf OW/HSJOCN igKimaCT 

iSA: 0.C 

iffiS: Ai evaluatiai is nade of the dewelopmnt status ari na-HumaiLe dHracteristics of adwnoed eHectcical 
gaaation Sfystais eipLcyii« hydrocarbtxis, especially methaie, to directly fuel a moLtai carbcnate fisl oeU 
(MOO. MetiHK Ibs been suDoessfiuDy usai in miltloen stacks; since the effiectivB aidothenal ccnwerioi of 
oettas to IvdEceai is sustainai ty the stadt's vaste heat, thas is no nasi to afpily fijrtha: heat tiira«^ the 
cariustlai of Ae ande etaust. It is in prindple possible to reach lOO penaait q?stan effidexy in aich a 
siiqde, admsphaic ptessure M3C without a bottamng cycle, sincse tha» is negUgilile aitroiy chaip fix 
nEtlBe ddd^dou Ai elactrlcity output cost of $130O/l«-hr is projected. 

87i^3787* ISSIE 14 ȣB 2182 QOBIIff 44 87/00/00 4 2tCES UCLASSIFIED DOOMNT 

UriL: AlvoxHi tecfanikg/ fix cxtaxkd enducanoe alkaline fuB^ 

HJOs A/aEBS, a W.; B/IMa3N, R. A. EAAx A/fflftSA, Lads Hu - n ii 1 h Oenta:, Oewdari, CH); B^CfotanatiaiBl 
FUeLCtilsObrp., SculfaVIndsx, CT) 

aSPtfbtiawl AaoBUtlcs ari Sjpaoe AiidnistEatlcn. lads Ikuiu i .l i OEntec, Qewilari, (Mo.; Ihtaiational HbL 
GeUs Obcp., South Wndsxt Cbm. 

ODt IKDH) SDOES; IN: ftcQsss in battadas ad solar oeUs. Wlune 6 (A87-33776 14-44). Oetclail, CH, JBC 
fteas, liic, 1S87, p. 1S5-1S. 

mjs* /*My/tfi?" BtfTiwnBR/ <iiwiCT Tgapflg/ msL mis/ <g«CE smntw pcher sufhjes 

MD6: AXSr FQUCZKIV QBCar ONUEBSDCN SFDOEKS/ SEFSnCB UFS' SOLID QHJWLLirUSi^ \BB3B£ MUZnil 

aSi AKcnool oMiagits Itw bem dwclcped fix alkaUne fiael oeUs \)ith a viar to the satlsfiKtiai of HBSA %Bce 
Statiai '^^m leqjiraBits fix CKtaded arioanoe. Ihe ccnpsants include a pilatiiun-on-Garibon cata]yst 
ande, a potnsiui titaateOxnlBd eLecttolyte natiix, a U^ibci^ 0a|hite dectxolyte tesarvoir plate, a 
oold-plated nideUperfixated ML eLacttode substxate, a ^pafyi^mviam sulfide cell t^ fam BBteriaL, ad a 
,M,mm u fM Muh m oooiLs conoGpt. \hsi incocpxated into the alkaline fiueL cell udt, these coimnts ace CKpected 
to yield i^BBative qaaticn in a lov earth oriiit S^Boe Statlcn vith a desiffi life gceaXBC then 5 : 

87433778 ISSffi 14 THE 218L QOEQOEGr 44 87/00/00 5 BAGES IN2ASSIEIH) DOOUQir 

UriL: IfelBcial studies on nbLtai catfacnate fiuel cell 

120 



MBx A/RCDAH^ T. BAA: A/CQsaka^ Gcpvenraant IhdustriaL ttesearch Institute, Ikak, Japm) 

can JtStS; IN: Ftcgcess in batteries aid solar ceUs. ^kHum 6 iPS7-3Sn6 14-44). CLeveknd, CH, JBC Press, 
IhcM 1987, p. 7-11. 

MyS: /^CSRBCNSIES/' mEXS TSBUOSI/ *FUEL (SIS/ ^WLQN SflIT EmdRlMES 

MD6: /aXCDSIENlESIS/tCmiSUBFAX^NIQCaiAL^^ 



ABA: O.C. 

^B5: ki Bfaimtiai is presEnted for leoait test results related to nbltai carixnate fuel oell bdiary and teoary 
eLectrode aid eLectrolyte matrix natecials systans end tlieir pt^cal pcq^erties, such as ndtirs point, 
electrical anfcctLvity, and vapcr pressure. FIb- and (&-based alleys aid electrically oonductlve Qecandcs for 
eLactrodss, and ncnocnductl^ or ionlcaUy ccnkictlve OBcanLcs fior eLectrolytic matrloes, hove beai 
iiTOStij^ted. Alkaline earth metal carbcnates such as €^033, BbOB, and SrOQS have been adklod to a 
Qcn^mtlGnal LijO0S4QO03 bdrery ^ysten in ocder to reducse oocrosivenEss* 

87A1S9Q1# ISSU3 4 BAGE 468 OaHnor 20 RPIf : lAF BSER 86-153 86/10/0) 7 PAES INIASSIFm 
UHL: S^ace power systeis for the next decade 

AUm: A/DOUGmOT, T. A.; B/Vi!N CMCRDC, G. ; CyPGLLABD, H. E. BAA: (y(Fbcd AeroGiBoeaxi QonnuilGatiGns Cbq>., 
V&Ho Alto, Ck) 

OD: wnS) SnaSS; lAF, IhtenatiafBl Astroiautical Cbngcess, 37th, Ihnstcuck, Astria, Oct. 4-11, 1986. 7 p. 

MWS: /'HHaiaE BffnHOES/ ^«flIL C^^ 

HD6: /BJOtQSC i^tOSCS/ QEECY SHEAGE/ UX (XE£/ VmtD SEWKBAFiy FOUER OMimiNIK; 

87A14170 ISSLE 3 B£E 365 OaSJFI 44 86ABAX) 6 21CES INIASSIEin) DOOUCNT 

UnL: Stress and fracture behavior of monolithic fiel oell tafies 

AUIH: A/MAJUCiAR, S.; B/OA^ T.; C/FIAMHIMESER, B. BAA: C/CAEgns (fatlcrBl labocatocy, IL) 

OD: INdH) SEKIES; Anedcan Gasndc Society, JoudbI (IS3I Q0QZ-7B20), 69, Aivol. g. 1986, p. 628-^33. 
DffiB^rS^pported research. 

MMS: / "KIBMOIS/ '^fBACIURB MBmiN^ 

MI^S: / QGWOSnE SnunUBES/ U^ONKIES/ SIRESS MENSnY FfCSOBS/ TAEGS/ TSEWL BSKNSKN 

fBki Autter 

AES: Ihis paper sumBrlaes the stress ad fiacture analyses of a thcee-laycr ceranic con|XBite Wdch is a 
ftndamental buildiiir block for the mcnollthic solid osdde fuel cell currently bedns developed at Acgone 
National labocatocy. A sibII differenoe in the ooefCiciaits of thecnal eqsnslon of diffecait l4«s can 
result in latge stresses and case czaddx^ pHranel to tie plafs of the levees. A sinfiLe fiacture model for a 
threB-]£Qfcr ocnposlte has been developed. Ihe ctaddrg behavior predicted ty the model is in reasonably good 
0grBencnt widi the fabrication eKpeclenoe to date. 

J6)t73S64» aSEESF I 44BFFI: Tia5-91Cf777 CE-TBfit6-7723 82/01/0) 31 B^ HD 

(JNBtCSFS 

UEIL: Generation of electricity fcan t^^lrqgari 

121 



MBx A/VQKXaar, H.; A'aBIRCBCatt v.; C/SmWEU), H. J.; IVEBXSB, V.aFP: GendaL ELectdcity 
GoBcadis Boesd, Londcn (fingiand). Wd 00 

CEO: EQ£aUf TokbL. into BCUa firm Int. Saninar ^fdtcgai as an Eheqgy \fectior (Bcussels), Feb. 1980 p 547-564 

mJSi / MJimn r nwRwrns/ *he. asis/ ^Cfts lUiBPiS/ ^'amxsi/ *SIEAM IIPEDES 

HII6: /GOfilNQ) CSOE BDBER GBEBffllliy CDSr EFIBCHVEtESS/ BBCg (HMRSIEN EFEEOHOy BtRJ TBONUDGT/ FOSSIL 
nCLS 

8SI73S63» OOHnff 44 mh /l>^097612L AFV»L-'m^&-2094 dOf: E33615-83-023B1 8S/12AX) 42 BACES UXUSSSFm 

axxMNrusav/aaoES 

unL: Hi^ cneig7, td^ pcMer density sodiun/ndxBd dBlocgenide batteries for space pouer afplicaticns; HSP; Final 
Iteixxt, JuL 1SB3-^. 1SB4_ 

turns MUfifJBSQl, J. R. 

OFP: CfeEanatec, Inc., Salt Laiae Qty, Utah. IfC: 00 

c m* i wrnn SDQES 

mJSs /*mOSt£E BCDQRINV 4;(«H}SWE SmB6/ XELL CffillES/ KSmXSOIXS/ '•QH3KIC BffllHQE S/ mBCSBBZ 
FOraiEIAL/ J MBraw iynr (HIS/ '•fUK COSETS/ * SfflHIHE TOfBUmfiE/ *SniMZ OmSOES/ *fBSa£CS 
UnUHtEKN 

HD6: / CIBCUnS/ H^fB/ QGGf STCEUCE/ OETDaZAXHN' FBAS WGBH^ 3JS1W SIFESS BftEHV SUUIR 

8Q{72m« CnHnor 44 8S/Q2/14 1 BliGES INUSSIFm) DOajCNT US GCX^ /GETOES 
UnL: JaiHi to dewelop 6neqgy-e£fideit fieL cell 

COEIP: Jbdnt RtUcatlcns Beseeoxh Secvloe, Adingtxitt Vk. Wd 00 In its Japn Report: Sdaioe ad HBchnology 
(JEB&JSr-a6-QlB4,) p 83 (aE 96-72101 OB-31) 

C3D: JABMBepc. &cm f^ob (SoiqiD, Jepen), 24 Jan. 19B5 

MIUS: /«HB3RXmfISIB2^ ^)flIL GBLL RXQl H/NIS/ "iflH. C^^ 

MD6: /oiBCMMEy BBGr (PWHSgN BEECiHca/ uCTiiy scDiiiy imwinfTr umizanni 

8EX7I13BI QOBnor 33 8SA)4/29 1 BSQES UCXi^SSIElE} DO^^ 

UnLt RjeL oeil ^^stan for use in space tst pcoduoed 

GCBP: Jddnt Rtilicatians ncocaich SKvioBt Adii^^tm, Vh. IfC: 00 In its Japen Bepoct: Scioooe and IktanLog/ 
(JBSJSr-&(QM.) p SO (SB 286-71135 04-31) 

aOt JtttKi ftepc. fixn1heJs|nEQinadcJbumBl(Iki9D, Japen), 19 Ite. 1985 p 12 

mJSt /«BB3iaC G&BUOICBS/ "WEBS CXl«iEESI£N SFICIB^ 

Hn6: /imUMff KXBi SOKES/ HBBCT FOHER GBCBARBS^ ENBGST TgWlCGf 

80707341 QOHIIGr 33 85/QB/13 2 EI£ES INlikSSIFIB) OXIlQir 

UnL: fldlips devekps hettay with h^bogEn eLBCtrodes 

122 



aFftJodnt RiilcatiaB Jk ua axli Setvioe, AdJigtm, ^fa. JfC: 00 3h Its West Europe Bept.: Sd. and Itediiol. 
(JHS4Sr-85-QL44.) p 4-5 (SEE ffl&-7D732 CQ-31) 

W. GHMWr, MHWL FfflHJE CF; Tiansl. into aOlffl fran ELektrcn. (Mulch), 8 Ifer. 19B5 p 34 

wjSi /iUBBPnsif/ ^BS3BEtmm:a.(ms/ ^ffimoGSN^ ^skbagb b/oieries 

aaOBSSl* BSffi 19 Hffi 3003 QflHIIff 33 RPH: EEB&^IBiaB S»&«-1446 KMf: EWfl)4-7aP-00789 aS/ltVCO 97 BSCES 
INXASSDIH) DOCUOO* 

UnL: Bqdccatay batteiy tednolQBy dewdopnait and tasting report fiar 1984 

AUIH: MVam:, N. J.; BAl^iK, R. P.; C/BUffl, D. M.; IVBUIIJER, P. C.; E/(HM«BLIN, J. L.; F/FMEEE, J. 
M.; GOOIMB, K. R.; B/MHHf, K. D.; I/ffllMfiKER, P. E. 

OFP: StaUalbtlcral late., AlhiiJeniis, N. Mac AVAIL.NEIS 

CEO: IKHSSERIES 

MUS: /*HHaiaCBffllHaES/^iHH3I0CaMIIM-ailS/*aHCySD^ 

MD6: /EEaHCH iW CEUOOlBay IGSEfiCH FtCOinES/ FESfflCH MftVIG&Crir 

iiy^ DCE 

ABB: SmHa fetiaBl Idxjratocles, Albuquenjue, has beai desiffiatal as Laad Oaitec fior the Bqpilcratayflattay 
Ttednokcr DweiopiHit aii Ttetii^ Ptoject, ^ch is sponsored by the IB Departmait of Bogy's OEHce ct 
B«ay Stance snd Distribution. In this capedty, Sendia is respo n sible fioc the engiiMring devekpmnt^ 
advsnoed redHrgaJUfi battoies for both mobdle and statlcraty a«gy stocaeje applicatiaB. This report 
details tte tednicaL acWewJHits rBeOizBd in pursuit of the Lead Gmtar's goals during calaiiar yaar 1984. 

86ICB329ft ISSUE 19 BCB 3003 QOHaEr 33 Bm: 086-013019 OM^ffiUAfr^BST OHIh IE^OD6-7»W3ia30 85/llXD 329 
EMZS INIASSIEIED QXIlGir 

UriL: BctBdal atetiacts: Seventh Battscy and ELectrodBnical Qxitractos' Gkzifecaice 

MBi A/SB&SDi D.', B/BBOICH, J. EUtr! A/ocnp.; ^ccnp. 

CDBP: EatteUeObiluilMsLEte., CMo.; ItelflcNDrthHest l£te., RicMaid, \fash. mJUfnS 

SAP: BCMS/lVAOl 

Cao: IMHSD SKOES; Ptepared in ooope«tlanvith IkdficMrtiiiBSt labs., Richland, Vb*. Ptesarted at the Anal 
BBttBy ad ElectrodBdcd. Baqgy Stncaege Ctetractns' Meetiic, \tashii«^ ISBS 

MUSt /KlMROaB^ MHJiaC BffllEBmS/ ^BBCT STOACE^ <Ba CHl^ 
KINS: /iffi5IB/OS/tCZia.AIRBffllBaES/SQniI]1SaHBBffllBaES/SSSIBfi 

iSf^ DCE 

IS: SevBity-tuD peias pcessitied at tfie Sevaith Battscy and ELeetrochanLcBl Gbntractocs' Qnfiaxnoe are ananE^ 
viOs the fioOouiic sssdcn tadine^: JBH stocage pngtan, rcvlev of lo^ pragEsm activities, sodiun/'aiL&jr 
battery developnait, akiaioed batte^r u m aaxh (two sessiDns), flw battay devekpiBit, sodluiv'sulfir battery 
research, sgstans aalysis and tedinloBy transfia:, pa-JuuHiue and testing (tw sessicns), £l»f battay 
research, m^al/air battades, and fuel oeUs. 

123 



aaCTSW ISSUE 18BCE2B99aaHIRr33Fm: 1186-006529 (nF-«ai3B-2 W3I»: -31-lDWrc-3B 86/00/00 7 BfiGES 
IKLASSmED Qxiieir 

UriL: UthLuiHalLcy/iiai siilfirip battedes 

AIIH: A/reaCN, P. a,; R/SBM3DSKE, e. BftA: B/(Mxx> (^ CbM fbperville, 111.) 

OQBP: AEgcme thtkiBL I^., HI. A\KIL.NIIS 

SAP: YCKBJWiOL 

GDo. llllin> SDOES; Etapared in oooperariofi with ksoco Besearch OaitJer, IfapecvilLe, HL Itesented at the 
IhtooBtiaBl ^nqposiun en ReL Qell ail Mvaiced Battay, TdQPOy Japai, 22 Jan. 1986 

l«^: /^^lECIKIC BfflmERIES/ ^lOBCIRIES/ "KOGEGT SRBAGB/ ^HHDM ALL0SS/ ^^SICBAGE BffTDERIES/ ^^SIMES 

MINS: /CESIDi ^!(«OSIS/ EtCEGir QN/EBSKM WFSSSSO/ US& (HBABILCrZ) 

i!BA: DOE 

ABB: Utixiuii-alky/FeS ^n^ vitii a theoEedcal cafadty of 20O to 400 i4i hen^ been developed. Ihese oells ha^ 
addevBl hii^ « pHf<<* ei^ (100 tticg), Mfiji poMs: (150 \h/kg), and long ll£e (1000 cydes). Electrode 
eqaincnts ad design studies indicate tii possibility of inpcoidic specific enacgf aid pcMsr ty SO to lOGK 
arit perhapst retadniDg q/z\B 

9^Q3Xf% TS3E 13 KCE 2143 OOHIRr 44 RHt: IBW)18441 aiF-8S0915W (M»: \^31-1DWJE^38 85/00/00 3 BfiGES 
INIASSIEin) DOOlBir 

UriL: Bost-test aalyses of (fa/S cells and aqieous batteries 

ilJIH: A/BfflTLES, J. E.; B/SffCA, J. A.; (VMSR, J. J. 

OBP: AisGme ^btiG^al I^., HI. AyHJUOIS 

SOP: mtaiAsiaL 

OD: INEEBD SCKIE5; RcesEnted at the IhtomtiaBl Battoy Tsstips ttxtc^op, TWdplbPTg, Vast Qeom^, 29 Sep* 
1985 

HIUS: / ^MmiBR HKtiy^J^J *PATTJBE MTtgS/ ^fctEffi JOD BtfFIHQES/ ^TOTKH. IHCN BgTffiRIES/ ^^mgOMWE TESB/ ^SOPffiH 
SOHB BftnEEOES 

MINS: / ELBdKIE BSnEEOES/ OBdRIES/ INSfflCHO^ SKBAGE BffllEPIES 

mia OCE 

^£5: Post-test eKandrntiGns ace oonducted at Aigcme rbtioBl labccatcoy to obtain quoititative infiocmaticn en 
eLectcode mq^dk^jf^ oocxosiai aid dBgrarfarIm of the cell hacduacet and nechaiiaiB cesponsihle fioc existing 
or fiiture oeLL failises. Ihese finUi^ ace reported to the ocganizatlcns cespcnsihle fior the oonstcuctiai of 
ttsse '^i''g and s^nrt ttsdr effiorts in addevi^s inpco^ oall perfiooiBnce, cyde lifiet ad reliahility. 
Results of post-test aalyses of xeoant hd^taqpasatuce sodiun^sulfur oeUsy ad of aqueous lead^add ad 
nlckel/ircn batteries ace pwaai ted. In parttailar, the celationEhip between electcDde peLJummje ad 
electcode mq^xSjagf is examined for each of tls tticee faattecy systans. 

86^ll78B6»ISSUB8»£E1^07C8IHZH^44I(PI»: 105-018177 IXE/(E^nS2 185/00/00 4 BflGES l^^ 
UTIL: ELectnxhaBical stocase ad ocnwEsiont Batteries ad fuel oeUs 
ODBP: Departmoit of Bng/, \fadri n gton, a C. SimJSnS 

SftP: lactcpjwtoi 

124 



aOt wnaifamvR 

HMS: /«CESIQI AMOSB/' ^^IHaraC BOlHaES' i«BES^^ 
. MDB: /Bfflirar CHSreaB/ EIHaBCOSIS/ EUdPCtnES/ ETBCy aWERSKN^ ETBCy SKWffl/ HH, (BIS/ TSBumr 

iiB&: OGE 

ABS: A brief look at both recent and histjoclcal research end devekpnait effiocts en electric batteries is peesaited. 
Both the prinHry (ttow a^) and seooxfary (rechaiBBahle) batteries are inwestigatBd. MoxhI batteries ttet 
win beocme aRaUabUe In the future are briefly HisniBg»4, 

8906734* 3SaE 7 BflGE 1327 QOHIFr 44 RPI*: 1185-015241 HL-5W8 CMl: IBAD&-7a?Wna30 85^36/0) 18Z ME 
imASSLFJH) DOOlBir 

UnL: Status of the DOB Batteiy and ELectrochanical Teiniks^ PrcgEan 5 

iUm: MCSRES, R. 

ODRP: Roberts Goisultants, Inc., Chevy Chase, W. ASflOLNIIS 

SAP: mxs/vpfca. 

C3D; INIIB} SERIES 

mJSi / ^HHJJKH: BmHOES/ ^BBOICCffMICftL (TIIR/ mvi. fTTiR/ *fzirvir5?, mnrnOES 

MINS: /IEflD/C3DBmBRIEyffXftLAmBA!niKIES/FES«CHi*DlIVEl£^^ 
ilEA: DOE 

ABS: Theptpgran consists of tw) activities, Tfedndoey Base Itesrdi OK) no^ed by tls laraioe BerkeLe/ 
Iflboratoty (UL) and Biplocatoey TedinlflBy tewdopnEnt aii Testii^ (EDT) nosBBd ly the SMia ^btloHl 
laboeatories (at,). The status of the Battery Bieqy Stocage Test (BEST) Rcillty is preaited, indudiiK the 
s^tus of the batteries to be tested. BCS program oontrihutlcns to te aduanoencnt of the lead-add battery 
and qw ific eseniaes of tectadxjgjr tcansfier fiDom this pcQgtan are gi^fBl. Iheadvanes dixiic tls podod 
DBoater 1382 to Ane 1984 in the chaiacterizatiai and petAjmam of te lod-acid, iravWctel-oKide, 
ixai/air, aludiun^ir, zinc/branidB, zinc/fiendcsfenide, and sodiuiv'sulfiir battecis ai) in fuel oaUs for 
tonsprt ate amnarjaad. NwaL tedidques ad the aFpUcation of estaUidsd tedidqus to tie stuchr of 
eitectEak processes, espedaUy the dectrode/'electrGiyte interfaoe, are described. Research with the 
^^'^^ a^ lading to imrowad caanlc eleetgolytes ari positive deettode cmtaiiBr a»i ounBit-coUectots 
fcr tteacOm/aMr battay is pcessitol. Adwraas in the electrocatalysis of tie opqigai (air) eLectrode ad 
ttie relatlcnEfaip of these advaxs to the ircn/air ad aludnm^air batteries ad to tie fuel oell are njted. 
, J^ .^ IB' hattay QOMdfls and battay naterials is reviewed. Itev developiHits in the ndeliiK of 
elfictrochanical cell ad electrode p a fc auHUi with the affamLiitM to test th gg aodels are refxrted. 



8M6495I gUB 7 BflCB 1090 QflHIEy 33 Fm: 1185-016497 IHr.19545 (Ml: D&JaB-76M0C88 a&«^ 134 BCB 

UriL: HBdnoiLogy Bae research Ftoject fix electrdianical wecgf stasge H^P: Anual I^nrt, 1984 

AUH: A/KINDSEE^ K. BIT: A/ed. 

OBP: C^lifioodalfaiv., Balaeley. Laoexs BedceL^ I^l). tumjms 

SIP: VClOJAftaL 

GKh UinH)SIXIES 

MUS: /<gHaRICBa'MUiay<EIH3Rg;H3im^CTinEy*aH3Hgro^ 

125 



WK: / HHaHXBMSBs/ fEftsmnirj i»«OSIS/ HC^ 

Ola OCE 

p»rrf«Tis tD DaAm amortiiK research fior the advanced batteqr qwoB ot« ^T^hT* , ^/«^ -«t 
Ftogect IS ro iKtaxwu =*^y^^ ^ ^ nntwiHallv qwiprjor va&XJSoxBf ditability an/or cost 

««m.>u4s,«=i « ^ ^ «««r^ai «i i i MfetMHit actlvities relewit to the Tw ragect in u j:w. 



.- _.^ ^ tte^^siHit of fiual-oBll tednik^ fix tEaBportatioi applieatdcns. M^ 5?™ ^ 



oSal ptnUflii areas aktesad -" *" '-* ^~'^"*' ^*-*^««**l 

advonad battEties, detandmticn 

QU^UUltS 

given to afplied iEseaixh\*ldi viiL ff^^.^*^°L^~^_^ an-iigj gciane rraearch, aii air ^ystBB 
is dividad into ttiee mBdcc project elanaits: etpkratay researcft, aRxuea sootk i««iiu , 

immich . 

8ailA764ft BSE 5 MB 800 QflHIEr 44 RP»: IEaW1139K) IBL-ISBW ONI*: EWfl&-76SPMH»8 BS/CSAIL 22 BSOS 
Urn.Tfed«nk«yBtoaR=BaKhPttdectfDcdH:trod^ aBOitivB SimBry teport, 19B4 

am: A/HDOfflmW K. BRT: A/ed. 

OEPtCaifDmialhiv., Bad«eL^. lawtBioe Bedoel^ lab. AVftluniS 

SAP: BZtCQA/PlOi. 

QDt INEIEDSDOES 

f«VJS: /«H3RIC BffllHaES/ ^UORIC M3im VEHOES/ ^^^ 

MDB: /HHGT SraWS/ HiBGI THHOna/ ML cms/ TBmifl^ 

/«. A iKte«Bla£thlspK«anisto<te«dcpd«tnxhanlcalpcw^ 

^SL^EJSSS^^SSL^ tHB&?toito^^ HD ftqject fa r firte 

^j^TxIrrrr m h. mi rrir T|-1 ^ ^^^^^ ^^ ^^.!!7„Z^!^Z7^. 

8ea2215roit: Bn«436-O19«85/0QAX)liaASSmEDnXXMNriXlBa3D 

utiL: leyiBf OP aiACE Ecira iBBOixsr. 
iiuiHt A/iABia:, JJt. 

OA: A/ SDOE Uny. OP MW UK AT HFMD. HfMO. Mf , USA SAP: OW254 MWNIMV. MS. J. HB. THHll; 
Vn. 4,M). 4; ff. 2^32? OCT. 1S85; 153105^7821 

^^^^ 126 



te spBCB staticn within a decade. Bx ndlitaiy applicatiaiSi an^age power appcoachins 1 H/ \dtli pulsed poucr 
in 00X83 of 100 MVf ney also be lequiied ty futioie spaoe-faased Vjeepns by the turn of this oentucy. Gbsts 
pcGsently nn arond $10,000 per kilq^can of peyloed en the shittle, aid thec e fioret hig^y efficiefitt Qcn|BCt 
afxl lif^t-wi^t pjiKBo uju|xiHits ace reqixLced for future space applicatiais. lb dEMeLop axt use these 
Mg^i-poweced farilirifn in spaoe, it is estimated that just for the nasa space staticn akne, the mriber of 
shuttle lanches per year will increase bf at least 4 by 1990, and by 10 thccgg^ the yaar 2000. (Edited authcr 
afastiact) 6 ie£s. 

8fflM)«3^ QflHnff 1 hS^aom ae/lLTO lD,Ib. 6, p. 32 INIASSIEIH) nXIMNT DMSnC 

UnL: RbL-C^ StEuctuce Iteveits VbAxwb Dcyii^ 

IN3C: (Bnbossed plates direct flous of reactants and ooolant. Maitcaie-type fuel-oell battery has iinptoved reactant 
fkv and heat reiXTval. GbniBCty li^^yedght battay pcoduces hi^ cuciait and poMsr without dryirig of 
DBilxanes*) 

mmx A/KSKJi, J. PM: A/(GaieEal Electric Q).) 

wus: / mE3sac b^ieeiies^ ^Fin. (sis/ ^^tfrowES 

86B1D277* CfflHIRr 7 lBt-14235 86/05/00 M. ID, fb- 3, P. 118 INIifiSIEim roOMNT DMSIIC 

UnL: IhecnaUy^Iht^gcated nd-OeU/KLectrolyzer ^stens 

WDC: (New and moce effideit method of thmnally int^gratiis fuel cell and electzolyzer ded^ied. Design ^iJiyfWRS 
thesnal int^gcatiai of &el cell and tater electrdyaer in regeneacati^ fuel-cell systeiu Systen oonfigMcatiai 
pccKddes thecnal integraticn with sir^ coolafit loop. Cbnflgiratim does not have thBsmL limitatiGns 
associated with tzyir^ to txansSa: heat betvieai two coolait loops. Dasigi less ccnplex end moce reliable then 
prior designs, ^^dsptable to staidalme pouer systens in ocnjincticn wiA solar panels for remote-area 
appUcaticns.) 

MH: A/GfflOV, J.; B/Mia»ELS, K.; C/»«nN, R. PM: A/(lhited IbchiQlqgies Cbrp.); B/(lhited Tednolqgies 
Cbrp.); (y(ltiited Tbdiplcgies Cbrp.) 

HUS: /ARHi caiS/ ^fiXHOGEN GDQtZN FlJBi (HIS/ ^WOaiBSSTNE Fin« nTT<: 

86/^37201/2 86^^37201 ISSK 17 E»CE 2533 (^OH^ 

UnL: Solid state battedes; PcoQeedinBS of the Advared Studt/ IhstituDe, ALcahideche» Bartge^l Septente: 2-4, 19B4 

MHBx A/SXEER&, CX A. &; BAkxjtti^ A. 

PAA: A/(Lisboa, Ihiversidade Uaodcaf lishon, BortME^); B/(Atcndc Bnexgy Besearch Estahli^hnafiti hfeitadals 
Ds^Aekpnent Dlv., Baoell, B:^eLEnd) BKT: A/ED.; B/H). 

SAP: $80 

QDx IdOBUNS; Institute s pon sore d ty NKID, DCE, Acny, et al. Ebtdre ditt Martinus Kijhoff Ridi^ier QWD PSL 
Series, lb. ElOL), ISBS, 598 p. For individal itsns see A8&-3720Z to ifi6-37221. 

wjSi /Mjjimstiis/mmsTBsaas/'^snDsi^ 
MD6: / (XitoBHEivmaiis/ mesiEBit as^^ 

jmarAsurrm/ vtnwm BtfnroTFR/ gn m WBrranyrov gn>w. 
fBkt V.L 

ABS: Ihe papers presented in tlds vdhim deal with various aspects of ourzeit theoretical and csqperinEntal rcaooorch 
in solid-state batte r ies. Topics discussed i nclu d e basic oonceptSt solid eLectxotlyteSf elffcdxxte processes and 
BBtecialSy qcperingrtal tedidquesy solid-state battoiesy and na/ tecfanclogy. ftfiers are included oi 

127 



QOBasite natedals as solid dectrblytieB, poeous and ooipsite electrodes fioc solid-state hattadffl, UdAn 
oi^nic liqjid-elBctiolytE batteries, solid-state rechaiBBahLB batteries, aid fiitucB pxsgects fioc 
all-solid-statB batteries. 

aaoea© ISSUE 16 Bffl 2332 CIDHIBr 25 86ABAX) a BfiGES INliSS^ 

unL: Ahanoas in tie chaidstiy of conducting o«?pnic poljTOss - A reviar 

amb A/HEBODS, J. R.; BftA: A/CDsras, Udvetsity, Arlingtoi) 

ODi IMEIH) SDOES Jbuoal of Moleoular Electronics (1331 0748-7991), vdL. 2, Jau-Jfer. 1986, p. 1-21. 

MttB: /CHL iWIES/ (HL QflH3Ey OMOSnE ttOHlIAlS/ aB3iaC Bmi^^ 
* CEII£/ leBANEOO. BEOERnES/ SOUJBnilY 

mki Aitfaor 

iffiSt A i«deir Qw«ii« reoHit rfwawB in tie chaidstiy of electrcnicaUy oariucti^ pnesaitBd. 

RBSortdi directed touardb Qaitmllii^ the pIvEdcal aid dectroiic properties of the systans ttsoMgh structunal 
imdifiaitiai has led to DBterials haviiK continued inpxwBiHits in strength, flfldhUlty, eOasticlty, 
soliMtity ad stahilily. CtnkJcting poUj/mecs can be obtained fixm s oltHe pceoursor poljiiicEs or soliide in 
tie oariuctii« ari oanxsite fiooiBtlcn tes bam used to increase the prooassWlity of typdcally intractaUe 
mUsiaia. BEsic studies, oon|Bring a variety of poljihatawgides, have yieildBd infiQcnatiai tn the codrtiai 
nedsnlaB aii the etectnidc structuce of the ooidME^tBd chains. HmBDCws appH mrin is, eaai|>lified has ly 
tte IBB of polyaQetylene as a lechargBafale battesy or catalytic fiuaL cell electrode, YesK beai cKplcoed. 

86A2«« BSffi ID Bffi 1397 CfflHnCf 44 85/01/0) 8 MGES INIASSI^ 

UriL: The ndsslai ari status of tx U.S. DepartiiHit of BKgy's battay enersr stocage ptogtam 

tmx AAJIDN, J. E.J aOiUnEE, A. R.5 C/HHffltH, J. W.; IVffilBER, S. G. BftA: ^(JXE, \fe*ii«ton, DO; 
iy(BBttelIe Itetfic Nvthuest laiaoEatocles, Bidilari, U^) 

OD: i wnm SDOES: IN: itaCeraodety ihatsy Qitwrsicn Ihginaering Ctafiasaioe, 2C^ Beach, FL, A^st 

18-23, 1985, ftnoaadlrBS. VbhnE 2 (tf6-2«778 1CW4). \tarHriale, Bfc, Society of AitanotlvB Ehgineos, Inc., 
1985, p. 2.3-2.10. 

HUB: fi^BSvua/ i^aasBstis/ ^vsssxEisaBSS/ i'Sssic^^Bi^s^ 

MDG: /QB3B0CmfIDa.Cm&^MIKEriGSEffiCB/lBaiirOC»LRXBCASnN^ 

pact O.C. 

tSSi Attoiticn is givm to the U.S. Departnait of EhaBy's battay enasy stocage pcopan Msttiy, assessing Ae 
iincrtane it tos 1»1 in tls natioHl inceoest to date in industrial, vehicular, ari electric utility lead 
levdiiK sf|)licatk». Ds devekpoafxt status of faatteiy technoloBy is also eoluafied fior the cases of 
sodiuMulfir, dnc-teanine, ziis-fieniqiailde, nickBUvdroBen, aluidiUMlr, UtWuHDeCal dlmlfidp , ari fid 
cell siystae. DeveLopBent trends are pcojected into the fiowotmhlr fiitize. 

aSKTCBDI CaflBHOr 33 BPUN i&B )92S12LiP^OD90HlW«-00M.-1RCNr»; iafl03^4-C<XB9 TMSk OUR 4U4 
84/091/21 76 BAGBS INIASSIEIED iniMair US GCV ilONCnS 

UriL: iMysis of electrochanical pouer sources llSx Final Report, 15 Feb. 1964 

ttaSi AAUXKID, T. P.; B/TAOSfSr, G. B. 

OlPt SNOacp., Mdeen, \^ 

128 



CBk U1IIH}SEKIES 

^ WSngE ClL WIHraES/ MflaiOYIES/ * MHCy SIOMGE/ ^^JOUnB/ ^Cin *SOLID 

HEdBOUnES/ *SUJD SESEBEEVIE&S 

MIN5: /HHaREC FOKHl SUEHIEE/ HBCaKXHMIDiL CHIS/ POWER/ SOKES/ SICRCE MnBEOES 

8EK72247I ClOBIRf 44RPI1: ilI«B7667L FSIC-Hr-«a-«4 8W»/12 7 BCES UOifiSIEIID itO 

aNKOOBS 

UTIL: Rjel cell ooUfictcr 

MB: A/mran/i, o.; a^rccnsEExr, p. 

OBP: Aay Foceign Sdaxs and tbdnxLog/ Oaita:, CharlottesvllLe, \j^ 

OD: CmsSUJ/snAi Tkansa. into HOISB from \festn. Ibadu Pko ^^malezy a Objevy (Ctodrslowsida), v. 13, ib. 
9, 19BLp72 

HUS: /^sACOMIARBS/ "KDCOaBfflXBS/ mEL ngiR 

MNS: /BDHUNV HBGT THTHTOGY/ GRIIB/ IKHNIS/ HiflES/ ffiftLWy 3CMI ailH3CBS 

8SN71D96» QflBaET 44 FPI*: II85-Oa3448 nE^-17(B7-Tl-\CL-l DCNTft: E-AIDl-a(Er-17(B7 82/08/00 79 BGES 
INLASSEFIH) DOOIQir 

UTIL: USftP tequirsnaits analysis of advanoad power systans study, vdIuie 1 

QJPi DfcQrtcn lidv., Chdo. CSS: (School of Q^ginBedis.) AVAIL.NEI5 

QD: IMIU) SDQES 

M!U5: /AOIE^ QGI^GS/ iiELEdSBZ GEraRfflCBS/ ^'flO. CEII£/ ^fGAS lUGDC EK3ICS 

mSi /DBGf lEHOOa/ UFE CSOE OSES/ SEH3FIEKEKNS/ SHBLDGCSIE 

aaoaSBBI ESE 22 BSGE 3B08 aOBiro 44 FPTH: na5-009868 iSM/aG-25 WM»: -31-10MrC-38 &i/(BAX) 57 ttCES 
UOiffiSIFIED DOCUfNT 

UnL: "Daisfiar of faattety tednolQey devekped ty the US Dfepartnait of OKgy 

MB: AMfim, V. J.; B/S1MI6, P. a 

OBP: fxffm Ibtianal lab., HI. MJUms 

SAP: E:tCMVtOl 

Mys: /^OEcaRic BunmFS/ <Ha cms/ *iitD tap amHtiEs/ *umnM ainB vnnrnms/ nmrm. zac BftrmoES/ 
ifsssasiDiBiEusmfc/isjmMauiRBKnisaEs 

MD6: /BHCar RUES/ QBGT SRBAIZ/ SSBtCEBtSTMISS/ TBJNUXSTB^iSESi 
mki Aidnr 



/ES: Dds stuV eanim liiieages betMBen goMemnent and the private sectxr in battay laorch ad deveLopiBit, 
liMstlgatES indusdys use of adwnoBS in battecy tBdnoioey deMskped vith finUi« bxn the IB DqartDent of 
Bnmgy (DCE), ad €9^00168 the affxopriate fedoal toiLe. A nqjor £indii« is tet iidiBt^ on pcaipdy ad 

129 



effiBcd^«Iy traslate hattay adwaioes with ocmnerdal pteitialintp naf prodjcts, a^ *b* fPSS 

«teat\S^ te«d3oHBdaji|HTiffl to build proprietaiypcBitlons,aritBdi^^ the 

KeS^ca^iiw«d^dSt. It appears that DCE <an best iirr«9e the tarfer of techio^ to 
wX^^<^S«advax«vithaiinecdalpotmtda]^tafesta:mte^ J^J^^ '=«?5='^ 

SSte wT^KimwIhdscry role fcr iniusty; (2) ^"^'^^P^^^S'^^f^ ^^"^ 
^Sained at quanSiadvaxHs; ari (4) iix3«sed tediiical aitcno^ fir intetrial ratra^ 

ffilB1372*» ESffi 2D Bffi 3ftO QOHnff 33 85A37/0O 9 BfiCB UOASSE^ 

UTIL: I^HHativB fiueL cell sjistaiB fine ^Bce staticn 

M& A/HDBSHHT, M. A.; B/SffimET, D. V. 

OWtJbtiaHLAacaaiticsaxiStaDaAtainistiatlcn. Lads ftSBBrdi Gait«:, devdaid, (Wo. SOSLmS 

SfiP: BC A25/» iflllhMfiA. Gbddtod SIbob Eli^ Omta: The 1384 QxManl %ace EU^ tota: Battay tekdup P 
a-29 (^IB5-31371 20-33) 



OD: mniDSIXIES 

4aMZ SESTENS/ ^SRBMZ Bffl3ERIES 



tBkt EJLK. 



/BS- BBHiaati^ fijEl odl (KC) siystaiB are the leadijig ena^y stoca^ cardi^tss fir ^ Sfa^ 
feSS^ the aiJai is of tedixtor^^arihij degree ofs,^^ 
Sirfow teedinass we <tainstrated thra«^ testinff at the singlfi odl, ceE stack, nedwl^ !S* 
Z^ S^SbreadbcH«i]«^rteignfladbiUtydHractBri^ 
SS^ «S^to«BportiaBaftte?ystan,int^tatimofociiiimr^ °*f J^^^ 

^SaT as the sole daSctedal €na?y storage tadnjk^ 



8906292** BSE 7 »fiB 951 QOBIIOr 44 KEIIN 1WSMIW748QI Mfi 1.26.174801 lS[-TRr37^30 CMt: !«SW1287 
84/09/00 91 BfiOS IKIASSIEIH} DOOlfiir 

UnUB«iMaii«iiDdd.systB»studbrfiranBawrati5«firiodl^ Stut^r report 

/UftMHSC, B. J.; B/aHBERT, P. H.; (VHMiffl, A. J.; nAWNBEEN, R. A. OFP: life ^BteiB, Inc., 
Oevelailr Cfaio. iaSOUmS SfiP: HC A05/tF iO. C 

wus: /^Haraasny mamsnc aus/ ^eor anwrn/ ^<ron»L a«CE sixnENy <ioa«R«nvE hh. cms/ 

iSBKZBAPr FOCR ailUES 
MDB: /USE SKCIT SBDfi/ WqmimDa- MmS/ POIfflE wmR/ SI^ 

ilBU BJLK. 

iffit Kar <tai»i issues o£ the n8H«atl^ furi oeU ^ystsB oaic^t ^ sOj^ « 

SidSdectmlyte based «Bli«rii«natt?ysta«<rloi.B^ 
teTSffi ls»B fix a r^a«ti.« fi«d odl ssf^ 

SBnwdvTfiS ^ «dSrsi« m ths total 5 5« 

130 



\S cnsinBBdns nofel systen. An open loop n-gggrati^^ fuel oeill oonoept is onsideretl fior int^gcadcn of the 
eiaqgy stjcacae^ system with the life support systen of the space staticn. Tednical pcobilenB aid their 
soiluticnst pedis techiolcgles ad iequi]?Bd deMelGpnents and d Enmstia tLcns fior the nqgEnesatlve fuel cell 
systan are defined* 

8303880* ISSIE 5 EflGE 608 CfflBHOr 20 RPI*: NASWP-235Z lE-2305 tftS .55:2352 8MMX) 322 FWES INIASSIFIH) 
DOCUfiNT 

UEDL: SjpaceBsuer 

CEFP: tfatioBl AennautLcs aid Sjpaoe Aciidnistiatiau Lehds Research OsiteaCf CLB^elail, Chio. AVMLJinS 

SAP: H^OAATMR 

am INEIED SnsSS; Maidngtm ^kxMtlp held in CLevelaxl, lD-12 Apr. 1984 

r«US: /^OCtfERETIES/ -^fiE SSXHOiE/ -^^SfCSSm FCXER SHUDES 

MDS: /OMINIOOQN SfflmHES/ EIECIHXHMC5IIS/ BiWS SmUGE/ FUWEELS/ GDUEFNCNiy INIEIIV ROAEKN^ HIS5ICN 

eukon;^ EHTiiMxaM; EFFOciy SOUR tFuas/SMEWi^maiOBS/ moans tssEsawiy isFMxificiKic 

OICRffltFS 

i!W: Appropriate diiectiais fior tlie applied research aid tednoikey progtais that will d^^elcp ^y^i^ POMsr systais 
for U.S. future space ndssicns hs/and 1995 are eq^Lored. Sjpaoecxaft power supplies; space statUxiSt T«f^ 
pCMET reactors^ solar arcsySf thenceLectiic genecatorSf tsneacgf stor^gei aid ocnnuiicaticn satellites are anoig 
the topics discussed* For individual titles see ^B5-13BB1 thrope^ t6S-13909. 

aSNl385CWf BSE 5 PAGE 604 OOBJEI 20 FPU: i»Sf^^'23/6 L-15876 WS l.S:23i6 8V1MX) 419 PXES INIASSIEnED 
DOOMENT 

UriL: An Assessnait of Integrated FQyvteel ^stan Tednolqgy 

MMi A/myim, C. R.; B^EHHBUIL T.; OtHXM, N. J. 

BAA: a^(NASA. tfarshall Sjpacse Fli^t Oaita:) EST: A/ed*; B/ed.; (Ved* 

(XEP: (fatlanal AecoBUtics aid S^aoe AdninistratiGn. la^^ Besearcfa Gaiter, BanptCHt Vau AVMLJOIS 

SAP: BCMa^AOl 

00: INnroSDaES; Uashiitrtoi Ubdcshop heOd in On^^ 1984 

MIUS: / -^fgniBSE QNSOU ^KJNEEBXIS/ ^Q&GT SRBtCE/ ^OSIBEELS/ ^WSBBBOB) B6Gf SiSCBS/ ^"fOUBR QCNXrnNDC 

MD6: / QdCar 'MBCLOGS/ POUSl SgBJRV imNlOGy ASSESSfNT 

/(N: The oxcreit state of the tednoloey in flyvheel stocage systems ail andUacy anpnattSi tie tednolcg/ in 
lie^t of future requLcBDEnts, and tednolcgy develqpment needs to rectify these diortfalls were Identified. 
ISBchnolQey efforts ocnducted in Ebtope ad in the United States were cevieued. BesuLts of deveLopnents in 
ujiyu R iLte nBterial cotocsi nsff^etlc suspension systems, sotoc/generatocs ad elfictnnicsy and system c^^ndcs 
ad Qontrol were presaited. Ihe tednolqey issues fior the ^nlous disciplines ad tednolcg/ qfa n eae m ait 
soBBrlos are discussed* A sumary of Ae wodcshopf ad conclusions and iwi jiiih ifaticns are presaited* Fx 
individual titles see (B5-13BS1 thraqg^ I6&-13B79. 

1^^45422 ISSUB 22 BAGS 3301 CXIEZEOr 44 84y^^ 
UriL: Uthiun power sources gmbt the next decade 
iiUIH: A/BSGBl, C* 

131 



ttAt A/(U.S« Amy, ELactanics Tbdrnkgy and DewIobs labccatocy, Fxt Mcniruth, NJ) 

OD: INEIH) SMES; IN: ttttt '84: idmted eassgf Sffstem - Their rolfi in cwr future; ftoceediiiBS of the 
WiKtBaith Ihtasociety Exs& Oonyesicn Ek^ginaErii^ OnnfiaOTce, San Ftandsoo, (A, AngjBt 1*^, 19B4. 
^failuiB 1 (A85-45351 22-44). la Qa:«B terk, n^ itaadcan Nucker Sode^ 518-23. 

MUS: / ^^BffllHg (HKHS/ ^HLBORIC BgnHOEy m™^ TOrrotfYy/ MTlfflm gUlR BtfTEOES/ *SKEACE BftmKiig> 

MINS: /fflWH) KHE5 (INEIH) SMES)/ CHHGE HHCIENn/ FESEfflCB PUD JEIEUBWT/ SttflR DDDXIIES 

iS^ 0.& 

^fflS: Aalytlcal pcoaaduces tewe been dEMBtloped foe the eluddatJoi of reqakangits fir all red pxtskJB hattacy 
systaiB of the U.S. Amy. ftwer suHdy dioloB Is oonstrainBd to a ndninun luiter ty neens of a care&illy 
definad natrix, ^id<h is estakiMied en the basis of a iniltiyBar research and deMekpnent prcgcaiu Attaitiai 
is glvHi t» lithiun batteay tedndLggy pcocurenaxt, ^Mch onistltutes a critical elanait of the oyecall 
pccgcan. 

85A33IA4* ISS[E lA E»ffi 2D06 QOHnor 20 (N»^ NK3-3S9 SSAB/O) 4 BflffiS INIifiSinro 

UriL: A rotatirs supertxnductbqg soLenald for IDO Wh wecgy stoeaep — in space 

MSB: AAKMRT, J.; R/EZSSA, Y. M.; C/MdNIDffl, G. E.; IVFHG, Z. BftA: IVOflsoonsin, lhi^«sity, Madiscn, WE) 

(JBPz WlsooisinUiiv., Madison. _ 

OD: IMEEH) SMES (Applied S^perocnductiYity CbnfietoicB, Inc., APS, and I^, Applied Superoondjctivity QmfiecaKe, 
S^ ni^o, Ckf Sq)t. 10-13, 1984) IEEE TcaisacticiB en MpBietics (IS9I 0018-9464), vol. MftG-21, Maordi 1985, 
p. 664-667. 

MftJS: / *0EGy SRBtaS/ ^HSHHS/ *SDUN[nE6/ *SEMHIWFE H3UER 3SPUSS/ * SUHBOlllEKRS 
MDB: / ASHCF BtSHD/ EESDGN imSSIS/ B3JIEMNF SSJFSMBIB/ CPEMIZmEN 
iBfc /kithor 

ABS: Tho Qonoentric sqsonictiiis solaixUis, cne rotatinE, the other stationary are aialyzed fir siargy sUaa aa in 
Mra. Bficgy is M^*'^**" * ^ fcan the rotatins >dbss thrajgh a shaft oaqptLed to a RDtor-gBnaatcr. The ixner 
winlii^ intsact with the neffteOc field of the cute: solenoid to oanoel the centrifi«^l ad self-field focces 
of the flyOseL rim. GUrxoit is ixduoed in the inier solenoid ttis retidriis ro ^hile 

the airrait in te outa: solemid nust vsay vith the angular velxlty of the flyOMl. The effect of *e jpp 
ad scalii^ las are developed. The efficiency in energy per udt ness Is nmglnaUy attractive. 

85A2670O ISSUE U iU; 151 (3aHIFy 23 84/0000 1019 

UEIL: AiwnoBB in crycgadc enSflneaAs materials. VqIuie 30 ftooaediiTBS of the Fifth IhtematiaHl QyoBaric 
Ifaterials QGnfiecan, QxLocato Spciu^f 00, /Mgust 15-17, 1983 

AUm: A/CMK, A. P.; B/FEH), R. P. PftA: B/Obtknal Bureau of Staifaris, BouLda:, CD) EST: A/BO.; B/HX SftP: 
SB5 

OD! INEIH) SDOES; Qnfiecenoe apusoc e d ty Hb Institute of Electrical ad ELectrcnlcs ^jgiueeos* Nar %dc, 
FLnn Ikess, 1984, 1019 p. No individual itsns are abstracted in this voihine. 

KINS: / KOEnC EMCSSEIV iSEIENIXIC SIAINLESS SIEELS^ OMQ^ (B^ mSSnES/ 

QH3BGmiGnc aomiaiffl/ f/otqe tesis/ glass eeeer mumuuud hascdcs/ yeaiimsL m jMmati/ 

MEREinnilE/ MXUIB OP msnOTI/ VaOISISaiDETSSES/ a^EW OBmiiS/ POtSSfR MKERIX OMCSnES/ 
VMSRiB£tUlSGI/MEgnaiiI^»9aS/ SUEHCINXX3TVEE£^ TffiMIflOCtt^ Hnra^ 

132 



iBla CD. 

iBSi A ooIlBctlcn of p^Jets on aycganic materials is ptesEnted. The gaeraL topic addtessed Indute: canjosites 
ad pHyBBS, rariestructive ircipecticn, aBtadtlc steels, welding and joinirK, fetisje and ctBep, ncnfienous 
aUws, thencpl^caa propertlffl of materials, and electranaepetlc properties of materials. Also ccnsiderad 
ate: nBtaials fir aj|acariuctii« electraiics, ndcrostructure of dewekpnaital sjfeaxaAxXas, fatticatdcn 
ad optladTatlcn of A15 supeianductocs, mechanical bdHvior of ajperanijctois, tC bdiawia: of 
si|]ercxnductccs, and supeccxnductoc maasuiBiBits aid stability. 

ffiA26B01/2 8BAa6501 ISSffi U Rffl 1326 QOHIBy 31 W/OC/OO M^ 

\jnLitAismss In aycgadc asinBeriis. VUuie 29 - PwceedirBS of the Q^icg^c B«iiBeEii« Qnfia^ Ookrado 
Spcirfp, 00, tugst 15-17, 1SB3 

ksAtt M»Sr, R. V. 

Wii A/CEtand teticral AaceJeratoc labocataty, Batavia, IL) EST: A/H). 

SAP: $95 

OD: IMOH) S TOIKS nnfaam s^ yrted ly ADO, Inc., ^BS, NSF, et al. Na/ Yoric, Eleun Ptess, 1384, 1071 p. Rx 
inUvidiBl itans see /fi5^SQZ to ^5-26527. 

HAJS: / * ONBINXS/ * CBSXENIE BlIIHCNiy * OODGENKS 

MDC- / ca«OT ociE/ ai««ssat&' owDGaoc Hiiro snF«E/ E^^ 

* UOHMIKN/ UOffl) NDREEN/ FHREEPffllFS/ FEaiRfflEES/ SmOG CSOE/ SUHBDCMXIinG HflQECS/ 
SUEBGCNinnVII^ irasr EQiRIIGS/ 'IlFEI:^G5 

iSA; G.R. 

iB5i AppUcatiaB of aiaooiiEtivily are disoussed, tskirg into acocuit the thennal paAnnrce of the IFIF 
DGOBts, the desiffi aid testlr« of a large bote supecoondutting nasiet test fedUty, the dewekpnmt ct a 
12-tesla miltifilaiEnlaty Mj3ai nagjKt, a siperonirtiis napiet fee solid MR studies, adwnMd affj laofiB 
of suBoocniictocs, tiasitiai ad reoovey of a qnxgaiically staUa apenxniEttr, ad fInitfr<ttftoaioe 
mdeliiv of the ccyostafaillty of heliun H ooilBd oorductoc packs. Other topics eqJc ced ate related to 
lOOiKoe availability, teat esxhwaas, heat tEsrefia: to He I, Uqirid nitrq^n, heat tcaBfer in Be n, 
le&iflaation fix sn«aiductir« ad cryopuip systans, refrigecatlcn of crjio^nic q^tans, refrigtatim and 
Uquefecticn, dilutioi ad m^jetic refri«eBatiai, ayoaxOas, refrigaatlcn fir space afpUcatiaB, ayc^nic 
afOicatias, ctyt^adc insttunaitation ad data aoqulsitlm, ad preperties of fluids. Attaitim is ^im to 
M/«»H».i aiiillcatiaB of aycgBdcs in CWna, Ims-tam oyoepi stoage in ^aoe, ad a passim* ortitai 
disconect stiut. 

85A12999 BSffi 2 Bffi 183 QOHIIDf M 84AXVa) 1D75 MGES IHlASSmH) 0X1^^ 

miL: Handbook of batteries ad fueL aeUs 

mSBi A/LINB4, D. 

BAA: A/(DuiaQeU, DfK., Bethel, CT) 

BKT: A/BX 

SAP: $75 

Cny, IMDH) SDflES; Ifa/ tak, MoaafflilL Book Cb., 1984, 1D75 p. M) Individual itens ate ahstracted in tWs 
voilune. 

YHJSi / rnvrim r. BMTHffES/ mwL (SIS/ mamn BffllHaES/ *snBAGE Bftimmg) 

MD6: / aXfUX BfflHRIES/ C»RZ SFTCIENa/ HHaRIDa* MKRHES/ EtiBG? TSOmfGl/ WKBOfS/ IBAD AOD 

133 



BffliERiES/ liXD TESTS/ mx:a.cfDmMwnsgiss/ mj/o^wnECGW tees/ ^ax^«fEeE 

CBSACIERESEIES 
AB&: CO. 

AB5: Detailed infooBticn is givei en te propartLes, pafuuiaiLe dharactecistLcs, and affjlicatdUxs of all na^ac 
battay aid &el oell pcMa: souroes oucteitly beirg mam&ctured. Ihe basic ocnoepts, oonfBmtLve fiatures^ 
ad seJec t lc n critBda that ap^ to all faat^iy systens ace first disGussad. QjujujukI mb awexge is thai 
givBi to prinHry batteries, seocndary batteries, advaxaad seoondary batteries, reserve and gppr^fli hattodes, 
and fuel q^Us. 

84XZ5772» CSflHUOf 44 RPr»: ^C«0B1461L FSID^-622-aj 83/12/31 7 MGES IKIASSIEIH) DOOMNT US GCV AaOES 

UriL: Rjel oell pouer ganeraticn 

OEP: Acny Fbtei^i Scdace aid IbdncLlcey Gaiter, Charlottfisville, Vsu 

CD): JAEKN; Itensl. into ENUS of Japaiese patait no. 57-80674, 20 May 1SB2 3p 

Mysi /<aL cfflHiES/ ^<ma£fL wtcnas/ ^fcirb: GatRanns/ ^^aacnixBEMisiKf / ^^iBcncLnES/ ^©Hcar 
Tscaijuj3[/mn.(sis/^^msTMsm/^Ksa^^ 

mS: /CSBCNKIES/ (HL ^NXES/ CHMCE OEKIEFS/ FIPHRIC POBER SUEHIES/ HSUOGSI HES/ HSUCGBI EIB/ ERENmiB/ 
BfflBUS/ BPIECfiS/ VE^Cnai jntiEHCS/ TaEHEB^RO: WH^ 

8«315aS» ISSUE 21 EflGB 3393 QaHncr 33 RPIt: II844112248 iar-17741 DOOMENIf : E^^CD3-76S'-<»098 84/05/11 19 RCES 
IKIASSEFIH) DOCUGNr 

UriL: Ttednokgy base research project for electrochanical eieqgy stac^je TLSPx BoecutiMB aimary Iteport, 1983 

mSk A/OOSnA, K. IKT: A/ed. 

OEP: ftliftamia Ihiv., BedceL^. Laucaioe Bai(el^ l^b* MSUiins 

SAP: H:ia2ArtaL 

QD: IMEEED gpnigi 

MyS: /^BWS SKBAGE/ ^flEL CSUS/ ""tCCAL AIR BmSOES/ ^^SQLID OfiGQaSIES 

MD6: /HMkJL; MBER ^ffiHBIES/ EtBCUPCffiMiraL ORBSgiy BCTGg THBIlfry/ M13TO !MT Hirm rf yns 

iSA; DGE 

^05: Ihe research base in tlB dsNeiagmtt of eHectrodndcal tedmlqgy for electric viddde ad statioBty msgr 
stD^BB a gliqiticns is discussed. The objective of the tedrokgy base researdi (DR) pcqject is td provide 
admued electrochsrical systens that satisfy striisent per i S auMme ad eccncmic requirenBits fix electric 
vchide ad stationary enajy stocscp appUcaticjis. Ihe lER project is divided into four nqjor pcqject 
elaiBfits: electrochaidcal systans research, sifpcrtiis research, electrochsdcal prooesses, ad fuel ~Ttg &r 
vdddes. Ihe research, financial and nsnaganait activities reLeuoit to the IBt pccrject in CT 1983 ace 
suraBriaed. Hl ^iliajits of each project elenBit are sumBriaed aooordinE to the approiriate battey systan or 
• elifeLitLuttiffnl cal immixh 



84N12246f*» ISSUE 3 B£E 346 QIORnQr 20 83/12/0^ 

UnL: Assessoait of potHitial fior battedes in f jpra ^ipllcatlaB 

AUIH: A/RH), F. E. 

aBP:»iti0nalAeccnaiticsandStaDBAiidnistratiai. Goddard Staoe Hij^ Ctat», Gteatelt, W, ABflUins 

134 



SAP: EC AlCWF tC&. 3h I«SA. lat^^ Jteseatdi Cfentar Ihtegtated Hyvheel Tbchiol., 1983 p 171-174 (Sffi IB4-12228 
03-20) 

QD: ummSESIES 

MUB: /MXBABnin/ ^ElHaHXHMISIK/ *SmGl SIOWE/ *ErHCy THHOCGX/ *mK EBBCTX/ *IEflD iOD BffllRIES/ 
«SKIW2 BftTEEREES 

MDB: /BHCriHSmiBUntN/NiaCELQIMIlMBmHaES/Sifl^ 

ilEA: EJLK. 

AB5: niffierait battey teiiioilcBies fior aHB/ stx)i3Be in s|Boe miss^ ^ J^ ^vSj?® ?f *** 

mssiMlitiffi of W* enaar dasity battades ware detandned by loddis at nnce cawmtia^ 5**^^*®:: 
ladSd, iddiEl-cadiduii, nickEL-hydn«Hi, etcO-Ihe theorctlcal specific ene^ dend^ ^Lf^ ?^ 
batteries aii the usable enasr dasity far reascnahle life expectancy are oidJiiBd. The npst nature oE these 
ooudLbs is lead add, Oddiadiieves nearly 2DRfaf its theoretical capacity. The rddoeL-caiiniuii cnple, has 
SSS to vte the i:tlT« capacity is 17% o its theoretical capacity. Ttea±i«BBiiB are used tx> ma»ire 
the practicaUty of nnce adwsnoed battade and to estimate vtet is needed for fiiture hijji pawr space ^/Stam. 

8«ltti93» ESE lBCE75QflHIIff33FPI»: IEB3-aU254 OOF-ffiim-aHL (M*: EE^flni-79Er-25204 82>T2AX) 308 

B£ES iKXAssiEiH) nxueir 

IHTL: Electrochanlcal-Stocage-^stans R^ogcam ajnrary 

AUmt A/HMT, Q. ~ 

OBP: AaxEpaoe Cbcp., UaEhdiiitcn, D. C. AVMLNHS 

Sff: ECMVFFitai 
- CEO: INEffl) SEMES; Ptesaited at tie 5th HE Battay aid Electrochan. Gmtr. Gcnf., OystaLOty, %., 7 Dae. 
1382 

Mus: /«aflaRiE BfflHOES/ ^a«Kff siowGE/ ^fia cms/ <i^^ 

MDB:/TOfflES/ lEftD AOD BimHOES/ MOM. m BOTEFES/ NIIML IBCN BfflDFm^ wrmSS/ SCUD 

OBCIBOUQES/ ZDC 

ABA: HE 

iSS: A brief decriptiai of each omtiact arri suboaitiaet that vas a part of the EkctrocfaBidcal Bie W Stocy 
Systa (BCS)ptwra«tiK»^FnS8Z is provided. The wdc deseribed oowrs datrodadcd^gteiB reseanh, 

KiHtiaacus hattades, aii battay testing. 

84^0966 ISSffi B Bffi 1927 QflHncr 4i 8VC2/0O 8 BfiGES INlASSinH) lOTMNT 

UnL: Bqpected develcpnant of dadcal pcMS scucces 

tsmt A/ni£Sffi, S. BAA: A/(VU]agosipari Ritato Ihteaet, Budaist, OnePiy) 

OD: HNMDT JoHHl of Rwer Sokqbb (ISai (B7B-7753), ^nL 11, Jm.-ftb. 1984, p. 6W6. 

musj /<<HMiDiLErBGz/<aHaBaHMiD4. Gals' *MBCffTHHaaay^ra^^ 

4DB: /BDOOfflC FACHBS/ HHaKK BOTEPma' Fia ailS/ THBOflS^ 

ilBA: JJt. 

iffi: M inuestiffttiai of dadcal poMa: soutobs oonsidacs their use ly pcafiessiaBl coeuees in 

135 



ImfWrill ty, wdehtf llfst purchase prioet apeacatiiig prioe, nEdntesnoe requlreiEnts, ad reliability. He 
adtada for novfrofiessicnal oonsunsES are neinly purchase ptloe and ^iiether the system is nBintasnoe-&ee« 
The si^sle pcMr souross evaluated acoocdiic to tednlcal reqdreiEnts, ffrmnic pcoportiest ocn v qiiaioe, ad 
pcqgnosis iidude lead-add axuadatocs; m-Gd annimlatons; NL-^ axundatccs; Nl-ai anrndatQcs; I^^ 
accunilatxxs; ai-Bt systan aoamilatDcs; ad acamilatacs operating at hdjji ad avcc^p tenaetatures. Also 
ojisidared are Ledaxheoells; aUcali-ina^^nese dicxide opIIs; elenaits vitli li ande; ad fuel oeUs. It 
is Qcndufad that pcesGnt pcx«: souroes will pcohaUy oontirue to be used fiar the next 5-lD years, ad further 
dewdcpnEnt is pcoposed in various areas, induHrs power siypUps for spoaecraft ad satellites. 

84A30UJ7 IS5UB D BO 1849 C^raEOr 20 83^0)^ 

UEIL! Gboparative aialysis of enaqgy stocage systsns fix ^on^ stations 

MMiA/BSJ, L.; E^UM*HiU!,J. E. BftA: B/(HocfaeIL IhtenBtlaHl Qarp. , Siittle Iht^ratiai ad Sfeitellite 
Sffstem Oiv., PLtt^ui^^, Vk) 

C3D: INCM} ^^tfTRS 

IN; IBCBC '83; ftooeediiiBS of tiie Bi^teEnth Ihtersociety Ehaqgy Gtiv«siGn BiginBeri]:^ Gbnfieraioe, Otlado, FL, 
Agust ZL-Se, 1983, ^kHum 3 (A»K3aiffi 13^). New Tak, Anerican Iretltute of Chaidol BainBacs, 1983, p. 
957-962. 

MflJS: / ^^IBdRIC E^HGir SICIWE/ ^RE- CBtIS/ ^WWEL HSOOGW B« SHUES/ *a»CE 

MDB: /aWIHNWraL ONIBCL/ EWIIIEKN (HXffiLCBBir)/ ESMIOHE SIHEHEES/ LUE CSOE ODSCS/ UFE SIKFr 
S3SSID6/ 'IE^fHlfflIBE CXNDROL 

ABA: 0.a 

^BS: mdQel4ydrq^ batteries, open-Ooop fuel oeUs, ad CTgnprative fuel ^n^ yece subjected to tradeoff 
analyses, in ocder to asoertain the optinun evolutiGnaiy de^xelopiEnt appcoach in the axstructim sequEnoe of 
the ^Boe station that wxild aipLcy ere of than as ai electrical power suhsystsn (EPS). Tte aalyses ectaded 
to all the interfedqg subGystans that cai be readity integrated with the EPS, suA as tte awiroiiHital 
ccntrd ad life support subsiystem, the ttieoal control subejitan, ad the reaction ocntrol subEiystan. <Y«ro 
station ewduticnaiy stage matching witii BESs is notably influarad ly xm tedrelcBr, life qfde costs, evd 
'~^ station da^elopnaxtal expensian oetixds. 



84^301(8 ISSUE B BAGE 1849 QQHIRr 20 83A^ 

UnL: future oilltazy spaeae power ^Rstas ad techrnlcg^ 

Hm A/B«raHff, R. R.; B^MSffi, L. IX BftA: A/(lBfiP, Si;aoe ApplicatioRS Ib^cc Thrust QffioB, 
Wdj^t-fettfirscn AEB, CB); B/(lBftF, Vci^ toxnoitlcal laboratocis, \ki^-fettasai AEB, CB) 

OD: INDH) SEKIES; IN: IBGBC '83; Pcooealings of the Bie^teaith Ihtpraxiety Biacsy Onvosim Beinesiis 
Qnfietenoe, (Wado, FL, Afiust 21^, 1983. Wlune 3 (AB4--3Q10e 13-30). fter Yodc, kmicm IiBtitute of 
Chadcal Ehgtneecs, 1983, p. 932-940. 

MMS: /«BCniXHMIEftL CEOS/ «BGr SOStCE/ mUBlS SBfiCHBftPiy *SDMl (BIS / *a«HIWPr FDHER SLHU^ 
MII6: AJNBU BUnnS/ BBS. TOXKES/ MBSfflH) EliPGY SISIBfi/ IHIiniSMa. OINHSKN^ mmXCUOJC COUaSOl/ 

Oh o.a 

tSBi Attmdon i s given tp the cfcdectives, ouraent status and future dlrectiaB of U.S. Air Rxoe sfBoeaaft pous 
tedndqg/ sesearch. Hiese efforts enocniBSS advand ocninnait-, sufa^ystao, and systa^lemL »Tiw«W*ff 
fldnd at ■Bel±«neBr-tentDndd-tMBsteBdbrstatBp»«tBqul«nwts<rfthB<«^ Mtcnoed 

solar cdl, electnxhailGal cnoar stoEqge, and M^h ^alt«e power gEnetatkn, distrifaudoi nd dcmv 

136 



otnttdoriiK technkgiBS are imder liwastijptdon. QnoEptual desd»i effiorts and integrated total eoB^ 
systan stxittes ate aJdrasBii« aiBBii« reqiiireiHits In tte ai» rf pilsa^ J™ 

need for novel aijicadie s to thesiBl antral, heat liaJt4)crt aid radiativB themal rejectlai has deai 
xsccffiizEd, tceether with te naoEBsity of matchirs hijji wltage power Qcnditicnii« tetimlflBy to the wiqxi 
iH|jixanait5 of spedallaad laads< 

83NU16B3** BSE 5 ME 7C8 OaHUff ^ARPI*! ^BSAr■I^^829«) E-1340 IIE/I«SAn2726-18 NftS 1.15:829«) (Mlf: 
IE-AID4-8Mr-12726 8Z/12AI) 73 PAIS INIASSIEIH) DOOMNT 

UEIL: The MfiA HedcK Stocage Systan Devekpnait project, 1980 

OFP: fetiaHl Aarraitics aii Staoe AWnlstiatlan. Lads Researdi Oaiter, COeyelail, (Mo. /SBOI-Nns 

SAP: K/OVtF/Cl 

C3D: INEIH}SEKIES 

rftJS; /*0«Hy SIOWZ/ ^*«SA ER]GR»6/ ^ranK cms/ *IHB^^ 

MII6: AIM«iaALH«Bai/JWKEriEE«CB/HO]ECriWMni^ 

iSA: J.M.S. 

ifflS: The tadidcal aoooiiilidinaits pertainii^ to the devekpnait of Bedoc system ari reOatad tedndoBrare 
oudinad in tens of the tadt eLaiHits: prototype systens dewekpnmt, appli<atim aalyaB, aii^ «gf^ 
tadiskar. Etotots^systoBdewlopimt provides foe a najorproajTBiHit to deve^^ 
to 5te the outrart NftSA Lewis tednoloey ari gp on to the desigi, derekpiBit, aid cc miBTH al i mtiai of 
irawteoiriuB RadKstocgBsystaiB. AppU<atlm aalyses pnwides for the defimtjn of anMcaticn^^ 
ad tedinkar reoriianaits, spedfic definiticn studies, arl the identification of neriget sectors ari their 
precSnTtaS. Sufprtii^ tednikgy includes both in house ari omtiactual effcrte that aicoifass 
j^iLaiBitatiin of tedndker inproweiHits in raaiiiaies, electrodes, reactait processus, aid systan desoffu 
Ihe status of all eUanents is discussed. 

81N223C»ISaE13B«E1755QaHIEr33RPI»: affi-1589 aOAXVO) 8 RICES UOifiSIEim nXIMOT II»F H3^ 
Unu to iC lossK in IMl ari Miaa wires — d]rii« si?iensn4rtlr« paw ti^^ 

anBi A/ASBOE, M.; i/ommi, G.; C/RCD^ a. M. 

OBPtCbitroMoniBzitniStuttapalenBB, Mtlaataly). CS: (Oxsnaitatlcn Sarvics.) ififfllUIIIS 

sff: EiiaiArKa. 

ODt Wil Storaorad in ooopeatlai with CW axi Bite MeI. pa: I'BKgia Elettrlca Ptesaitai at 8th Ihtan. 
Ckju^Hiic B«. Qnf . aii BdriMtlm, Genoa, 3-6 .in. 1980 

»«US: / <«aaHlffl3N3 Oirony ^NDBIIM moE/ <aH^^ 

MDB: / iOflMM iOflSS/ OOIiaL TiMEBmE/ EIHmC P^ 

ata Aithx^SA) 

iffi: Rmt losss (ac)iniBn)aiinidtifi]aiHrtary!«3ttwir«witha]^fBHistructt^ 

wires were nfflsuTBl ly a very sensitiT« dectrodc BdcroattiiBta: as a finctim rf the gB^ 
tan«atute5iaBli«fean4.2KtDTsubC. The po« loss P ^«m aarait I dnw a tatojrprc^^ 
SS. Rr fflth«isawd2greaimtwithBeaiteiiixiel(A-3)aiitha»isalso«ditaiceo£a s^^ 
0^: l?MSr5^5at43^rit«btD3fecTtmbtoTs±c. The nultlfitoitary MflAl wire ca. 
carry 20O A at 4.2 K, about three timas that of the ntnofilaiHitary wire. 

137 \ 



aiK1046Z (Sjp^XXO CNIt: NK3-I7D lUi: 0^1188822 011: 26B4S04 307-01-02 IbtioBl i^^zEutdcs and Staoe 
iktainistraticiu lads Research Oaitier, ClEMeOlaidy (tdo. A/QAST Vlsoonsin lidv., Madiscn. 

UEIL: a^eEankctive eneaqgy stsocgge for spaoB applications IKIASSIFIH) WRS 30, 19B1 / AUGUST 28, 1382 

IM: A/SWL, D. D. A/5531 

FE: B/BOGH, R. V*, CXESSSA, 7. H. HEPtKIS BIH3ED Fbcma: tedh. noiitccs: F. 'Osnfananil* G* bsai 

Mys: /^^ficnac EMi'mujfi/ mjEosac e^cisbobice/ mE^sscmiERSiHnES/ -^WBecx snoBitE/ ^^cher amz 
cnains^ *smce Fiasiy ^seoeraft po^ 

8Qft2ai2B* ISSUE 6 BflGE 991 Oranff 33 cm NASA Omi A-437QB 79/12/CD U IMES IN^^ 

UEIL: S^Boe af^slicatians of stfEEOcnducdvity - Hig^ f^olH nQgnets 

iiUffl! A/EttXETT, F. R. PAA: A/Cbtlcnal Bureau of Standards, TheniDfiysical Rxpertles Dlv., Bailda:, Qdo.) 

OBPz MttLcnal Buisu of Staidaids, Boulder, Cblo. 

ODt IMEIH) SESIES Qycgenics, t^. 19, Dae* 1979, p. 691-701. 

MySi / ^**EHOa»CE SZSIDB^ *ASnaCNIlCS^ ^mnfnos r ifrnTTtfrnrw 

MINS: / SGEar SSXBtOE/ MAGtEdC mmXCO WBDDOES/ SEMCE (XMSaALEZUQICN/ SMCaEAFT FOtER SURUES/ ^CHEAFT 

ABAi V.L. 

ABS; Ihe papa: dlsnissps develqpments in sii3erQciidLJct±fs magnets and their applicaticns in spaoe tedmksy. 
Su(«oonductii« noffiets are dBcacteriaed iy high fields (to 13r aid higiar) ad M^ ajcteit dositiffi 
anUned with lev mass afd snail sisae* Ihe siiserocnductiic: inatedals ad ooil dsdgn are beii« is^^ ad 
im MgMtrensth ccnposites are being used iac neffiet stxuctucal cxnpcnaits. Sbdi pcohlans as naintainirs 1w 
ax3lii« taipeEatures (near 4 IQ for lois periods of tine ad d^gcadaticn of edstb^ Mgh-fiekl superoiductocs 
at IcKT strain levels can be rensdied ly rcgsKuiUi and a^gin Eaai ig. Some of the pcoposed spaoe sndicatUiB of 
aJixscocnductiiiS mgpets include: cobbAc ray aalysis with ncenetic spectrcraetecs, enagf stocsc^ ad 
odMudofi, eneaqgy genetaticn by DogpetxiQ^bcynanic and thamaruclfiar fusicn tedidques, and pcopiilsiciu 
SevcEal cpetatUiBl superocnduotLRs seffiet systans are detailed. 

7304837* ISSUE 16 KCE 1929 OOHaCKr 20 RPTIh NftSM2SE^«>-13308-l lB4MaBir-3,875,435 l&BflBD^AHElraW57295 
U5-aiBir-CtASS-310-«) US-lfflHiMlASS-310-52 U5-IfflHir-aASS-31O-10 U54fflBMr-aAS&-31&4 

lRflnBIKIASS-eO-530 US-BMBir-QASS-e O-Sie UWfflBir-aASS-ffi-3 U5-Bfl»ir-aASB^62-«7 

UWEHIBir-0[ASS-33&-a6 75/(MJL 8 BMZS UOASSIEIH) DOOIBir Filed 1 Apr. 194 S^poseds N74-ig7Dl (12 - U, 
pl2S0) 

UnL: Heat operated cxyqeenic eLectricea gaHator 

nSP: Kitait 

/UH:A/H»G, T. G.; B/SftFEFBI, M. M.; C/EUItm, D. D. BAA: A/(JEL); B/(JFL); C/(JPL) 

BKT: (yin»it3ocs(tDNAS&) 



(XBP: Ibtianal AooBUtics ad S^paoe Mdni^ IteBdenaQEEioe, CiSLLlf.; J^ impulsion l£i>., QOifccnialhst. 

of TBCfa., 



SAP: Awdlt 15 Baitait QEfloe 

ODt IMOH) SDOES Sjponaxed ty NASA 

MUSt / 'QQKCBIBC HUDIBII/ 'tOECnaC CaiBfflCBS/ AUOnDOJIlf 

138 



MDB: / Hwraoo: sPEOFSxnais/ wctEHc wmnv wmrs/ boixss/ suHONXJcnN; miEss/ SHHiNxnaB 

AEA: Offlrial Gazette of the U.S. Batait QEfioe 

^BS: ki elfictrlcal gEnerator useful fior pcovidli^ electrical pcwa: in daep spaoe, is disclosed. The electrical 
aenaatDr utilities the inaaL hiydro^ranic pcoperty erfiihited ty liquid hellun as It is otnverted to ari fcan 
a s^acfhM state to cause opposite dlrectlcns of rotary motlcn jBor a roto oeU tiiereDf . The pJysical rotlai 
of the rotor cell wb eipkyad to mcwe a nEisietIc field pcovided ly a chajqgad sipenmductlve coil nnjnted en 
the exteriar of the oeU. Ai ekctrical coniictor yes placed in surrojndiJTg ptCDdmity to tin cell to interact 
with the moviiTg ircgpetlc field provided hy the siperanductive ooil ari thecdy generate electrical eagy. A 
heat ccntrol arrangpnent vbs pccwlded fior Ae purpose of causdi^g the liquid hellun to be partially omverted to 
and ficcm a superfluid state by being ooo 



13840B6 ^85-33144 A rotatiiig SLperocndjctiiig solaxrid for 100 Mh enetg/ stocEgB (in "yv^ ) Wffl^KT, J.; ESSSA, Y^ 
M.; MONICffl, G. E.; mc, Z. (Wsoxisin, Uiverslty, fbdiscn, WI) ttisocnsin Ihiv., JWism. 

Gotp. Source Oode: W456CX09 (Applied SLperocnductlvlty Ckxifieratt, Inc., AES, ari IEEE, AppUed ajperanductlvlty 
OanfiemiQe, San Dd^go, ca, Sept. 10-13, 1984) IEEE Tiarsactlora on tteietlcs (JS^ 0018-9464). vol. WG-ZL. 
Mar* 19B5, p. 664-667. -^ v , 

RjhUcatlcn Efete: Mar. 1985 5lte&. Gcntiactrto.: fW3-3S9 

Ia:^Buaee: Bi^llEh 

Qcuitry of Odgin: United States 

Cbmtry of Rjbllcatlon: Ifaited States 

DioJiHit TVpe: JDUEWftLMOOE; OMEKEKE PAPER; Most docuieits available fiOT AIAA Tkiiiical library 

JouQial kituxsiBiti IAA8S14 

Tm ccnoaitrlc afHroiriuctirs solaioids, one rotatii^, tlie other stationary are afialyaad for aiogy stDtage in 
space. Bneacgy is transfietred fcom die rotatirig obss throMgh a shaft coqiLed to a nDtor-ga«ator. The imer 
windiiTBs intaact with the napietlc field of the outer solenodd to caioel tte OEntrlft^ ad self-field fixes 
of the flyvteel rim. Oirrait is induced in the imec solaioid thus requirli^ m s^acaXe power suf^ly, Oiile 
the current in the outer solaiodd nust vary ^Ath the angMlar velocity of tie flywteel. The effect of ttie gap 
wd scalii^ laG are developed. The effidaxy in enecgy per udt mass is mBOcglnally attractive. (Author) 

Source of Abstract/Sifafile: AIAA/nS 

tescrlptocs: ^WTCT SttWGE; ^UVHES; *3DlflDIDB} *SRCHIMEr PO«R SUHUES; *SUHBDM1EDIB; ASfflCT 
RSCDD; IXSDGN iWftLXSES; EVIRBf£ SSUFSXHOiB; CPntSHSESN 

Subject caassificatlcn: 7520 Sjpaoecraft Propulsion & ftw^ (1975-) 



139 



140 



Ho: SI 



Title; High Strength Lightweight Cryo Tanks 



Operations Requireacnt t 

Develop cryo tank designs and materials providing greater leak-proof integrity. 

Rationale ; 

Contemporary propellant plumbing and tankage are leak sensitive and require 
constant ground operations vigilance. Any configuration simplification has 
positive consequences on ground support operations. 



Sample Concept ; 

An integral tank containing concentric fuel and oxidizer tanks, (fuel and 
oxidizer must be thermally compatible), eliminating intertank structure and 
through tank plumbing. 

Propane and methane are cryogenic fuels that possess potential for common 
bulkhead concentric tanks. The least expensive propane for instance is well 
suited for this application because its normal freezing point of -305^8 F 
allows it to remain liquid at the normal boiling point of oxygen (-297.4 F). 
Another potential benefit of this concept is the densification by thermal 
conduction to the oxygen during propellant loading. 



Te^'hnology Requirement ; 

— 1. Research in lightweight, internal insulation, easily applied and reusable 
without maintenance. 

2. Development of innovative alloys retaining higher strength characteristics 
at cryo temperatures. 

3. Development of an integral tank configuration with concentric fuel and 
oxidizer tanks? made possible by cryo-compatible propellents, i.e., LOX 
and methane or propane where cryo temperatures and/or fuel freezing point 
are compatible. 



Technology References 

NASA/RECON; 



87A33190, 
86X74233, 
86N13349, 
86A3147S, 
85A45739, 
85A35389, 
83X72974, 
82A47042, 



87A13055, 
86X73534, 
86C12705, 
86A31465, 
85A43126, 
8SA27119, 
83X72199, 
82A38699, 



87A13051, 
86X10270, 
86C00011, 
85X74649, 
85A4100S, 
84X73372, 
83A37861, 
82A24804, 



87A13011, 
86X10066, 
86A40487, 
85X10084, 
85A39283, 
84A34010, 
83A33961, 
82A23752, 



87A11843, 
86X10045, 
86A368S4, 
85X10074, 
85A37401, 
84A32676, 
82X73554, 
80N30494 



86X75033, 
86N22593, 
86A36335, 
85A46526, 
85A37376, 
84A28232, 
82X71731, 



WGE_ih^2l__INTENTI0NAtLY BMNK 



143 



A 



87A3ai90 ISSLE 13 BAGS 2000 QOHZIDr 37 GMXVO) 6 BAGES UOASSEFIBD EOGUENT 

UHL: /utCDBtic tape laninatdai 

asmt A/SDDte, KIFBr L. EM: A/(Cindniati MUaoxn, Inc., CH) 

(30: IMCIH) .^jtfTT?; 

IN: Alvaioad ocnfsosites; RronBRrtingp of the Gonfieraxe, C^arbom, HE, Dec. 2-4, 1985 (^-33186 13-24). Metals 
V&ikf (Bf Anecican Society fior Metals, 1965, p. 101-106. 

MD6: / Q9BCN FIBER BEDHKB) RJSHCS/ (XNOFS/ (SAEHHE-HCKf OdfOSCIES/ TSEWSUSnC FESD6/ IffiMDSTEDG 
FESD6 

iS&: Auttior 

ABS: Ihe incxeased utllizatlGn of aduanoed oonpositB matadals to pcodboe parts havii^ sugrior strcnsthAieight 
latios has lesiiltBd in a need for ajtcoBticn in the pmopssing of ocntinxus flber-reinfbcoed naterial systans* 
Aitnnatlc tape laidnatii^ systsns, flist ds^eLoped ly aecoGpaoe nwrnfapturgs, are nov ocmneccialJy srailahle. 
AutnsBtlc tape l^^scs can pcocess oontiiuous £lber thEoiDset resin systens such as cartxxi £lber-€pcpy systcns 
on flat as yeil as oxitoured sucfiaoes. R esearch on autcmatic tape IsffBcs fioc thprmnplastic cesin ^ystens is 
also bedJHE ocnducted. Most cuncnt ad^^nced ocnposite parts are ncnjfiactured with heavy reliance on skilled 
nanjal labor, itdaptii^ future desi^s to autanatic moifacturing tednlquBS wHl rec]uire ocnsideraticn of the 
pafi o inHm e characteristics of autcnatic tape layas to acMeMe eCEicdeit uriUmHm of ttiis equdpnent. Ihis 
paper will cevio/ the dB^ek|xiuiL of autcnatic tape layets, and dly^ipw part desigfi oonsideratiGns \)hai 
plciiiiiU fioa: autcnatic tape laninaticn. 

87A13QG5 ISSLE 3 IV£E 349 OSSHS 37 86AXMX) 9 PASS UOiSSIFIED DOOlCNr 

UnL: (bterial deveLopnent fcr autcnatBl fafacicaticn 

MH: A/IEEQ/ET, F.; B/BUD, L. VtAx B/(Iaid«l-Gaifamia (b. , Burfaok) 

OD: INdH) SERIES; IN: Ihtemational SAtfE E^nposhm aid BdiibitiGn, 31st, Los /ngeles, G^ April 7-10, 1966, 
Itoceedii^ 087-13051 03-23). GMxia, Q^ Society for the AdvenoanEnt of )feiterial ad Itooess B:^ginQeriic, 
1986, p. SB-66. 

Mus: / i«m¥snai/ ^cososhe sinnuGS/ ^FMaasnns/ moEBiiis sjbxz 

MD6: /Q!I0CNF3EQlRCDiaKXDIIASnCS^(^ 

tBki 0.& 

ABS: Attenticn is given to ocnposite naterials that yield optinun stiuctuzal pcoperties fccn autcnated fafcricaticn 
and iiricure processipg, in the case of latge ocnposite structures* Ihe tM) naterials presently hlghTififtted are 
'Edsoty , a carixn fibec/epcpy pccpug tape of alibied disocntlnjous fibers, and 'FUooat' , a carbon 
£iber/epcD^£iBed resin-coated tape, ttiile Dtsoo lands itself to easy pcoductiai of the ooniiLex shapes that 
are chacacteristic of suhocnpcnent gecnetrles, Fllcoat is dedicated to autcnated lac^ processes typical of 
la^ge structure fabdcation* 

87A13051* ISSLE 3 B£E 310 GfOHnQr 23 S&tXVOO 1897 BKES UOASSIEIED DOOIBa: 

UTEL: IhtenBtiGnal SAME S^nposiun and fiddbitiai, 31st, Los Angplas, G^ April 7-10, 1986, Etooeedir^ 

AUIH: A/BAIER, J. L.; B/ONECZ, R. WAx A/CC^QifoDda Iimitute of TadnxLogy, Jet Ftopulsicn labocatoiy, 
RsadafB); B/(fkjj^ Aircraft Cb., EL S^gmdo, C&) BKT: A/HX; B/EDl 

OOBP: Jet Itopulskn lab., CkLifbmia Inst, of Dach., KKsadarB.; Bl|^ Ahcaaft 03., EI S^BLixb, Cklif. 

144 



Sf: MEotecs, $S0.; imiEntes, $60 

OD: WHED SESEES; ^nfsosiun and Bddfaiticn spcnscxod by the Scxdety for the MvanoemEnt of Material and Ftooess 
Ehginaerbs* OoKdm, CA, Socdety fir the AivaiosnEnt of MattadaL aid Etosess Brc^inaeriJig (Scieioe of Alvanoed 
tfaterials aid Itooess Bog^macire Series* Vdhjie 31)t 19B6, 1897 p. For indlvidaL itBvs see ;^-13GG2 to 
AB7-13ia5. 

MyS: / 4<nfEREK£S^ maSBMS SOENX 

HI^s: / mogeME wsmgitc/ Anowpr oigquxecn »«ierims/ tmmn msxs/ ocrvosriE smoiiss/ oebc/ mss 

CDfONX/ BOSr MKIRIX COTOSHSS/ SCDOT BESD^ ECU^CNT VINMV OASS EHER WD^OKED RfSHCS/ 
GRffiHdE-EPGSr OHOSnES/ HSHSGS/ ER0CES5 ONBOL OmEQCO/ BGBOIICS/ SPi£E OMEECIMIZmiCN/ SPtCE 
VmFICaEniC/ SMHBAFT COGIIUCZIEN MTERIALS/ SQGSS OKZNIBmiN 

ABA: 0«a 

ABS: Ihe presait oj ife axaxB en the de^^eLopnent status of advared structural naterials ocns i det s txpics arisii^g^ in 
such areas as autcmated structural imrnfiyturiigy ad^^nced materJal and structure design tedniquest 
aivircnnEntal effiects an naterialSt oonposite natrix prooessirigy ocnfuter mxielii^ for naterials and pcocessest 
DBterials devBLoprBit trends in ELirope and in Japan^ fiber ad \iii^cer rednfioreanEnt dB^elopiHit status^ aid 
ncMBl ttieanoplastic materials and tiiedr aifilicaticns. Also (ti.qnRSpd are pressure-^nsitive adiesive systaiB, 
materials suitable far space a[pLicatiaiSy pclyimide resin systsaSf electnxiic materials^ nc^el resin 
chsidstries, ceranic and metallic systanSy aid the infact perfoDnenoe of state-of-the-art materials* 

87A13aU# ISSUE 2 BGE 191 CfflHIEr 39 85AXMX) 4 PAGES UOASSinH) DOOMNT^ 

UnL: Structural desigi with ns/ materials 

fiM: A/BDSQN, B. C. PAA: A/(D^Brtinait of Defence, Aeroiautlcal Research Iabarataries» MeUxume, Ajstralia) 

OD: ^SJEIBALIA; IN: Joint (faticnal S^mposiun en the Influare of Adaticn en Ek^gineeriiig and tiie Fliture of 
AercnautiGS in Astral ia, Melboume, Australia, Agust 8, % 19GS, Itqprints (AB7-130Q1 QZ-Ol). Bartcn, 
Australia/Ancxicfield, VT, Ihstitutiai of BiginBers/Brookfleld Rjblidiirg (b., IdGS, p. 4M7. 

WJS: /Mn tBAFT dlGinnXN («aiRIAL^ A^aBOtAFT AmCSAFT TESSW mmmS/ -^^PUSnC HI SraEniES/ ^^SHUHBAL 
CESIQ) 

HOC: / FAnnF TESTS/ (StBSn&^gSS OCMEQGnES/ IMEVCT D»MS/ UMINKIES/ SIEUOIBAL ^MttXSES/ SmJCIIBAL SIBAIN 

iffiA: O.C. 

ABS: AttentiGn is gi^^i to the dB^eLopnait status of the ad^^nced structural design methods \iiich ocnplflnent 
state-of-the-art li^^it^icis^t materials' use in aircraft prinary stcuctures* Ihe wffs in \iiich the introducticn 
of fiber-rein fJnr.Hl polyner matrix ocnposites has afFrftoJ airfcane structure design ail aialysis procedures 
aiB characterised* Attanticn is givEn to sing^le-ply medianicSt symnetrict orthotzcpic and c]uasi-<arthotrcpic 
lasdnate propertiesy the laidnate stress-strain lav, axl such in-secvioe oonposite structure fsctocs as 
cnviromantal effiectSi nsar-invisihLe inpect danoge, and fatigue* 

87A11843 ISSLE 2 IMS 185 GKIHZRr 37 86A)7/0O 8 B£ES INXASSIFIED DOCUfNT 

UnL: AutomticaUy y^rmi thtee-directiaial anposite structuces 

MSSBx A/HUD, P. S.; B4CEIIH, 0. 0.; C/^HEtEIDf A. A., JR. BAA: (y(HercuLes AeroGpaoeCo., M^ffBt UT) 

OD: INEm) SDOES; SAfB Qjarterly (IS9I 0QQ6-0B21}» vol. 17, JUIy p. 101986, -17. 

MINS: / AIBORAPr SDUnUGS/ GKQCN EEBER BEMCBCED PIASEDCS/ CffiBGN^GffiBCN (nttOBHSS/ BBHET NGEZLES/ ESL TXVS/ 
pti M^ DDBOCNAL (HCOSDES 

145 



tBkt Either 

iSS: Ifaree-diiectiaBl (S-D) f Wm - idnfioroad ccnpssitBS WESce danonstzated with advantaeas fior oertain ndssile and 
jy^rp structures. The sRilicatians zapge ftnn cartxiMaEbcn (orc) to aaxixn^&pa^ strucrtuces. 1hcB&-D cacbcn 
fi by ptefixms wEre wcwai using autcmated tedniquBS developed ty AEsrapatlalfi of Ranoe and thai ln|»5g^ted 
ad t) i i i'^=ys=H into &<: or cartxivqpcDV stcuctuces. Denmstzated structures include c-c IIEs and €9dt gkubs fior 
rodoBt no&Les and carbon-epcpy adapter rii^ fior rocket cases. Otiier potential appllcatlcns, i nrliitin g 
satellite truss joints anl meteocoid iniact drields fior S^ace Statim ocnixxiaits, are IdEntified. Advantagas 
of ttese structure include aLxtcnaCed fiabcicatioi, inpccMad inechaniGal pcopertiesy aid gceate: reliability. 

86X73033 oaHncr 26 RPr»: iiyecBBKBL¥nyTD(^yi'(say^ 

UTEL: Ihe 11th Gcnfieraioe on SjpedLal Steels and Alleys in Aesconautics 

mSBx A/aXEBJOf J. 

OFP: Air Rxoe ^^stens Gomnand, Wfci^t-fttttescn AEB, (Wo. CSS: (Pocedgp TJednUcgf Dlv.) MFC: 00 

CD): U.S.SJL Gbnfiarenoe heOd in Lb Bcutget, Ffcanoe, 6 Jin. 19B5 TiansL into BiGLISL fran Aders et Metaac 
SpBsiam Avlaticn (Rsnoe), 6 .An. 1985 p 1-236 

mJS: / -f^^CStiS SXSIDB/ MIRHWB WflERIALS/ *AUMIMI1 AUDB/ ^KUffOSEIE WflEREfiLS/ ^ffiUUUflUS/ *HDGB SDFENSIH 
SEEELy *UN3ttC (E«U ^MBSIIE SIFII311E/ *SINGIE OO^^ ^HEflNILM 

AlUnS/ ^'OUREirE QLiVES 

HUE: yADGUFT aNSHUdlEN MKISaALS /ONFQDC&S /SSUCIURAL tCICEBS 

86X74233» QflHIIff 24 RPI*: ^©^098512 CEIArHHr^Sl Qir»: WXXB4-85^5a01 SSAB/DO 453 RAGES U«1ASSIEIED 
nXUWC us OV AGEtOES iW (XNBidXBS 

UnL: GbRpcsitB Ove:vrapped Metal lined Pressure ^fessds. CHS \fcckshop 

iWH: A/SDffNS, L. 0. EXT: A/ed. 

OBP: Jdns Hopkiis Ihiv., laselt Mi. CSS: ((hanlGal ftopulsicn InfiooBtiai Agafxy.) 

SAP: UndtedlylDIRtfC: 00 

OD: mnH) SBOES; Uadcshophdd inEl S^guntot GaiLif., 27-29 Aug. 1985 

mJSt / ^KIlffQSnE WAECDG/ ^KUCEEBCES/ ^lUNDGS/ '^tCISL FDQSINy ^^HGSSUE VESSIS/ ^EOBLIilNr SRBMZ/ 
ASinUGB 1»«S^ ^SLFFACE lAQBS 

MD6: / OMOSnE VHOSBmS/ EESBH ^NfOSlS/' SBIAniN^ tmiKCn^^ nSFGRWCE 1E5IS/ SU&XCE FINISDC 

86JC73S34» QDHUDr 3BRPI»: iC-H]96a6aL Uia:-m«-33 AFHSU^^ P33615-82-C-5a39 85/06/00 112 BflGES 

UdASSinH) DOCUENT US QV AGSOES 

UEH: (XC evalmticn of naterials ani prooesses HSP: Final Beprt, 15 Jtn. 1982 - 14 Feb. 1985 

iUIH: A/ASONS, D. R.; B/tZENIfft IL IL; OTUUZ, G. V.; IVSKT, a L.; E/BREST, a J. 

OBP: EtaytCKi Ifaiv., CMo. CSS: (Besearcfa liist.) IfC: 00 

GDO: INEIED SDQES 

mjst / iiOBsaEs/ ^4^asta wnBomas/ mdowfi HUHCNiy ^^MiifMii aucr^ rnmBt/ KSBj»<3tBai 
catasnss/ -faBOjns/ ^khvosub verEEWs/ * ohosiem besesesce/ ^ouoc mBKxnns/ 4<ba(kdg 

(ERMUKDG)/ 4QMKZ/ * EBIMPOSEnCN/ ^QDE mOtFU miSSOBS/ iOSCEBINC EJEBmC/ ^OCSBW 

ieasamc/ ^tsnoE qmeruls)/ ^^eihe scimirx/ ^tiH.vtfs/ Msisms/ ^^ aetsBS/ ^ws iemhuoube 

146 



^MttUEACnuaK^ * tfiEttOEAL HOBOIES/ ^'tCD^ RMfi^ ^^fiM. FIELS/ ^ R^ * FCLmOIE 

BESirs/ ^qqagRi cEmE/ ^^asEscpzurE/ ^ffsnoE bjhrwc/ * salebs/ ^a^uhs/ ^vibbmal onibol ayasNS^ 

HD6: / MKSIVES/ CDCWrmiLEn/ DflA Afr yTTgmrM / ISOE VSHOJES/ FAHIFE/ MKINII^$MZ/ IRINIH} CIHlins^ RfflES 
(IHl THE)/ BHJflEQfNES/ SBOEKJmttB/ TOURMES OKHWDCS) 

asaano^ issue 8 aasns i rph : NftSA-sp-Toee Nfts i.21:7db8 86/06/00 324 pa^s hoassieibd doomnt lb qw 

AZK3ES i!^D araBACDCES 
UriL: European aaxnautics and astronautics: A bibHography with indaoes 
OEP: (btLofBl Aeaxnautics and S^Boa^klninistratiai, Washiiigtcnt D,C. 
MFC: 00 
MAJS: / ^^AESCNAUniCAL EHHHEEOIG/ *^EB09S/£E WSO^SSIC/ ^iSSSCNfiESS/ ^^QELUXSAEHIES 

mxi / MOBet£E mjsnuE/ AiiawFr ONSiRucniN {^aBOALS/ mkbapt usaw aukeaft etgns/ avknks^ bueoe/ 

SBKE ESPUmnaV aSACHSAPr ai6IRJCnJCN WQEBIALS/ SBKHBAFT IESSBV SP^CHEAFT IfCHLSKN/ 
MHXYfWECKEIQN 

i£A: M.G. 

ABS: Hiis biblicgcafh/ ocntaixis 1433 annotated i t J e mmba ; to r qpo its and journal articles of Eucopeen intellectual 
origin entered into the NASA sciEntific aid teditLcal infionnaticn datsdxise djcirg 19BS. Repcesaitative subject 
areas include: aerod^randcs, aircraft design and i nstiumi tatian, aerospace naterialst ocnnuiicaticns, 
spacec r aft desigi aid rdated epgineenngy natural space scioioest axi aerospace medicine* 

86XlD06e*# ISSUE 2 OOHnff 24 85/12AX) 12 P/CES INlASSinED DOOMNF DMSEEC m 

UnL: EEfiects of ticcnal cydii^ on thermal eqaiisicn and medadcal pcopaties of alv^red cartnvcarbai oonpjsites 

UMi AAHHSSr, C V.; B/MBIE, ?. 0. 

OBP: Ifational AetOEUtics ad Sjpaoe AdMnistxaticn. langb^ Research Oente:, Hanptcn, Vau 

SAP: limited ty lEAR VfO 00 In its Metal )feitrix» Qu±cn» and Oeranic VbXrix Cbi|)osites 1965 p 277-2B8 (SE 
ffl6-ia)45 02-24) 

OD: INEOED srafTBR 

MUS: / KlWm FEBBS/ ^CSOON-OiOCN QOffOSnES/ ^^IBfiEBffllEE WFSdS/ ^^J^WL OCNDCL OUXDCS/ ^viBER^ 

MD6: /FmUSS/^mSISmSB/ St(ESUnSE(imSS/ SPfCB^ 

iBki ksAcc 

ABS: Ihooated ad^^nced cartxzMBrbon (AOC) ws csqposed to coatlns ^ ndssion-tenpeEature cycles in a vocuun to 
assess ti)e effect of thesnel hdstocy en inta^Iandnar pcqparties. Ihtedaidnar shear and out-of-plafe tensile 
sttm^dis are neasured at rocm tenperature for cycled and uricycled material. IhEDic^the-thickness thecmal 
eqpenslQn fran roan terpetature to 2800 degrees F wb also determined. OotHsf-pdane tensile ax) interlaidnar 
shear stwigtlis are not degraded ty ticrmal cydirs in vaaun. IhroMB^the-thickness ttcrmal expansion of 
inooated ADC is not stable as daisifled due to inocnplete lyrolysis of the matrix resin. 

aSQ004 »# ISS LE 2 CKIHIiff 24 RPIf: NASMr-2«K L-ie072 NftS 1.55:2406 85^20) 334 EWES UOASSIEIH) DOOMNT 

mesne 

147 



unL: Ifetal Jbtrix, C&tbon, ad OEranic Ifatrix Oanjosites 19B5 

MSBi A/BUaOET, J. D. BRT: A/ed. 

OCEP: fbtiael Aacreudcs ari S^bob AMnistraticn. Ia«L^ ReEBardi teiter, Hanptoi, Va. 

SAP; limited ty HXR tfC; K4 

OD: IMTEDSDflES; QnfietBioBhaldinCbooaBeafdi, Fla., 23^Jai. 1985; spcrsorad ly NftSA and KD 

MUS- / ^QSHN FIBHB/ <Q»Hl«MmJ OMOSnES/ *<H(MC MffllOX OHCS^ *EIIiR OOffOSDEy 

* ^tfflRE iKsssms/ nem. imax omposeies/ * kmir jEEftLUKa/ mxiss omkl omEm/ *siLinM 

q pHlTKR/ *IWW«L OMIHCL ODSniCS 
MDS: / MRHWfi HfllRIALS/ /aiMNH/ BdCN EIHPa' BdCSELIDflE GLfiS/ GOfOSCIE S mCMEy fflDOfCSmaV 

MiiiiE/ aaiMnmrasisBNE/ Hm£/ pra:Kis/ FESiiB' s?(^^ 

\flISCQ6 ((ISSEAI2) 

iW The Drooessim of te jodnt NftSA/DCD Qnfietenoe on Metal Ibtrdx, Cferixn, and Cferanic Matrix Cbunsites, he3dat 
Gboca Badit Elcriib, oi J^iHiy 23 to 25, 1985, are tsprtad. The purpose o£ the cmfietgioe ws to ptesmt 
tahnlxsy rElated to tte nwufactuce arid fabcicatiai tedidques of metal matrix, caitcn, and ceranic matrix 
oapBitES. Ai assesaiHit of oaaidc fiber ooatii^ effects en oeranic fiber ccnposites, sillccn ariride 
%hld«H^ reinforced giagg axl oaaidcs, and the use of carbcn-carbcn ooipBites for aKaiced sjaoetxaft are 
aarg tiie topics discussed. 

89C2593I ISSUE D »CE 2Cf74 QOHIFnB RPW: Ea^^-532 lS3W37^-6566 SSmAJO 293 BflGES UOASSinH) nJCUfiff 
DQAFHXB091 

UEIL: Ptooaediiss of Third Huropeai S^flipjsivjn on Spacecraft Materials in ^ace BwircnnEnt 
MJO: A/QUXa««, T. D.; B^HNT, J. J. BKT: A/oaip.; B/ocnp. 
OOBP: BjropeEn ^^pa^ /^amy, Vaads (Fkaioe). INKTLSnS 

SAP: BDA134FA01 

CD): HWME; ^wjasim Wd in NborAdjk, Netheclaxb, 1-4 Oct. 1985; spasored ly ESA, OCS, and CJsntre d'Etufes 
et de BedierchBS de IbuLouse 

wjsi /*aBcaf(zwmm<mfss/KarsBaas/^^BiasatnasssB^^ 

mst/ cnfcsnEMflERM&'SB«Eooi«PciALiz«nava^ sttBsm 

(XKDMNKCBM^ SMKRAFT SISinUCE/ IBEMAL QGNIHL CDflCEDGS 

ilM: StBoecraft ooitaidnatiai; material behavior in Iw otWt? siBCsa^ d^r^^v^^mXadais', ad 
ttasBl ocntiol natedals «ae disoBsad. Par individuaO. titles see tBM29% thnxiE^ 186-22626. 



8an3349*# BSffi 4 ME 5BB CaaHaur 16 RPnh NftSArT!M7626 MB 1.15:87626 85/lQ/ro 30 BME llOASSIFim ira^ 
UEIL: Sttuctixes ad materjals tednlog/ Issuas foe resBfaiLe land) iffMclfls 

iiilB: A/DHH, S. C; B/THIBr, D. R.J OHMUR, D. R.; IVWEniG, A. R.; E/BOTO, R. M. BAA: E/(AR«L, 
Ikyton, (Mo) 

QGBP: (btml i^xmitics ad Skaoe iddnisttaticn. Ia«l^ Vu x u u h Oenter, hapten, ^ /NRIUinS 
Sff: BCiUBWiOL 

Caot iwrimgnnBR; Ftesatted at the EASOK 85 18th iinu ELectrcn. ad AaoGpaoe SffStacB Oonf., \falili|{tai, D.C, 
28-30 Oct. 1966 

148 



MENS: / AEBDMEMI8NAMICS/ AIR ERE fflHTC BOOSEERS/ COST RECimnV aODGENB: HUID SHIWGE^ EEff TKNSFER/ 
RSBOXY MKIERML£/ SftimilE UFEntfi/ TIBH^ HOIEGIIIN 

^ffift: Authar 

ABS: ftqject space nrissicns fior both civil and defaise needs rec|uire slffldficant inpxwEnHits in structures and 
materials tBdinLqey for reusable landi vehicles: reductions in structural eight Qcn|Bred to the S^Boe 
Shuttle (kbiter of ip to 2SS or ncare, a ptyrrihle factor of 5 or noce increase in ndsslcn life, increases in 
mBKloun set t aip e rat ur e of the extenal surfaoe» reusahLe ocntainnait of Gi^:eaiLc t^idrcgai and OD^igai, 
sigTiffcant reducticns in opecatioBl Qosts,aid possibJy less lead tine betweai tednoJcg/ reactiness ad 
initial operatiGnal cafBhillty. In addition, there is increasinE interest in t^^pecsanic airfaceatMi^ 
propulsicn &r launch and traisncGiiieric vehicles^ and such systens require c^BEnecatively ooaled structure. 
Ihe tecindqey issues are a dd re s s e d , giviiig brief assessnaits of tie state-of-ttie-art and proposed activitis 
to meet the techfioilog/ requirenaits in a tunely nanner. 

8602705 BETI: EK«S-U-<]9920 85/OQ/OO Ul^^ 

UTEL: ^EBOGBACE OCHPOSnES. 

AJIBx A/EKUS, UNREKE K. PM: MtaSOALS EtdNEERDG, OEmJUDj CH, USA 

SAP: 096479 ^«aIR EN3. (OBSM©); 71* KE, ^D. 4; IF. 32-36; SP. 1985; 1834 025-5319 

MyS: / ^^ftHOSME ENGWEBRIKy ^<EMPOSnE MfiEEREfflS/ mSSSIIiS/ ^MffllRMS SCIENCE / *SME (UMPQALEfflnN/ 
*gEWEfflini£S/ ^"UnUZSEHIB 

ABS: The waddng arvircniEnts of aircraft, spacecraft,* and low eeurtii arbiters pose uuque mBctenical 
tiKDml/radiatlve, aocustict snd other stresses. Ihis article disn-isses hov aid xiiich corposites appear to be 
the material of the future for these demsndiiis appUcatLcns. Subjects covered include reinfioroanaits, matrix 
resins, the special needs of design for space, ad appUcatiais in the space buttle. 

86CaX!ll BPTIh Tt&WM6<f736lS^-m^^6-OK^ 

UnL: Ihizd Rircpeai ^ynposiun en spacecraft matadals in space oivirainait (ESA SP-232). 

UCC: Ifaird EUrcpean ^nposiuii en SjpaoBCiaft ^terials in Sjpaoe EhvircnnEnt; Nxcdwijk, Netherlaxls; 1-^ oct. 1985 
xw* 1985; 2BSP.; VDL. vm 

HfUS: / iiWSBta mnSCRWIS/ ^CBPFEOE/ ^CaSOSnE WOEBiaS/ ^(JNBEWSS/ * ONIWOIKCIIN^ VEOieCE/ 
mFOBSSi SBCE AGDO/ ^iWWUiS/ -f^ICE/ ^^SMCE CDfBCIALIZSEIEN^ ^^SBtCBBtPI/ ^flBSEtVL (JNBOL (XMOmS 

ABS: Ihe foUowiDg topics ^«re dealt with: ocntaninatiai; materials in lav crfadt; chargii^HP avl disdHiges; 
ocnposite materials; ad^xanoed materials and applicaticns; and, thecmal CGntrol matadals. 

BSMmi ISSUE 19 PACE 27S1 GKIHIE7 24 85AXV00 307 ttOSS 
INIASSIFIBD DOOICNr 

UTEL: Qaixn fibers and tiieir ccsposites 

tUSBi A/FH^R^ E. BAA: A/O&adsnjfae, Ihivecsitaet, Vest Gasnay) BKT: AMI.SAP: $58 

ODi GEOVNI, FBZRAL BEEIELIC OF; Berlin and New Todc, S^]±iBa:J«a:l£«:, 1985, 307 p. Rr individual itens see 
AB6-4048B to A86m«)^. 

MfU5: / KSBH EQER BENGBCED HASEBS/ 'KIlfQSnE WBEKIfiS/ "KINFEBENIES/ * WWH fJ? [ ASSSSaCNT 

(ONS: / ADOMFT CDSHUCIICN HfiHOALS/ FAEBXQaiEN^ EOBl SUBGD/ lAMDiKIE^ MSEIL HJIIRBay GFEMZaXN^ 

149 



RiafiR MffiaxaMOsnES/HiDCEssaMKi-CMUsiKO/iRni^ t*™™ 

m wCTniR/ gpofBriMT cnKumiEN iMSgALy siisgMS acPERiKy miNinFff unuzamM 

;!BI^ O.C. 

ABS: Tie prasait mi Fw ■ = ! ■»<» ansidacs tiopics encoiiBSsing the fields of advznoed onixslte reinfioccdiis fifaecs, 
polynalc natrloes, feteicaticn and design raethodokgies fir carbon flberHsinfiaroBd otnineitjes ( QCTis) , the 
tBStliH aii fracture beiBvicr of ORfe, CTRP aRjlicatlcns in aEsxjspaoe, and the RED acdvltifis in carbcn fiber 
productlai of Bcazil, Iiriia, Orira, and Soutii Korea. Slpedfic discussiais are presoited ocncenring the effect 
of nBCdx resin dioiae en prepreg ptocaessing, the deweikpnait of thenmsrtting poJyimide laatrj x resin s, 
aitodave >T^?T»pgHrti imldiiit, desigp preparations for latse space structures, CUP testing and pnopertifis 
optMzatiai, intetrial and marine applications of carbon fiber rednforoansnts, ad bdanadiGal appOicatiai of 
CHIP. 

86A3ffl5<M^ ISSK 15 B«S 2368 OaBEOff 39 aSAXVO) 7 BMXS INIi^SS^ 

UriL: A prototype csqpert Siystan fior the desijp and analysis of c aip osite natetial structures 

HJOs A/aiBIHS, J. R.; B/FHERA, D.; OTHDCBA, V. J. BftA: ^(Lxkhaad MoxhI Softwre laborattiy. Mo Alto, 
00; C/(Qydlntus Qnfuter ^ystaiB, Mo Alto, CA) GB): INEm) SEKIES 

IN: QBBUtas in eginettiis 1985; PrrrpprHngs of the Ihtematlcnal OoiiJutas in Bneirea^ig QnfieraioB a«i 
BdriMtlcn, Bosttn, »tt, A»Bt 4-8, 1985. \falune 2 (/fl6-3685l 16-31). Var Ybdc, Anericai Society of 
MedBiical B^bsers, 1985, p. 137-143. 

HBtEi / LMmiES/ tfi[H!NIG». HUUKLli^:/ HmnJOMSS/ WUlVVMiV BilES 
ifiA: Aitfacr 

tB5i The dewelopiEnt of tte Gksixsites Deedgi Assistait, a prototype cBjpert ssstan fix aooqaoe structural 
aciifia±v, is described. lbii« a BROO^^Bsed bed»Brd-chaining expert systaa fiaietok to^th^ 
inoorpoca^ knovlac^ about sandwich posl desigi and aalysls, the prototype systan finctloB as m 
assistait to the a«inea: during the desiffi prooess. The eqpert systan coordinates access to a database 
aBEga* for mtalal pcopstles, aal to a lanimte aalysis code fix aeniutaticn of t he ef fiective elastic 
mmrtifl? of ooDixsite laidmtes. Several softwre issues cnoomtered during the da«lq;iient of die system 
«H«»^««»i, ad m eaqple of ds applicaticn of Urn system to a aailukh panel design is described. 



86^36335 ISSffi 16 BI£E Z329 QQESOr 23 86/0^0) 7 EMS INIASSIEIB} IXXUfiO^ 

unL: StxuctiKal nBterlals in aerorBUtlcs - ftoqa c t s and peEspectlws 

MSB: A/HXE, G. G. BAA: A/(Rc9el Aircraft BstafalMnait, Fkmboro^i, Bfflail) 

ODx INDH) KDiDCM iaxspBCB (IK) (ISai 0905-0831), vol. D, April 1986, p. lfi-22« 

)«US: / ^^SBOttST OISinECEGN VOSSUiS/ MKBAFr SIRJCIIEGS 

HUB:/ AUMHM mOE/ QMCN FIBER IKBFKED RASnCS/ HO^ UFE OKIE (XSIS/ 

aSt Ihe facXxxs inBaadi^ duioes of materials fior aixccaft ocnpna i ts ace levieffid, alas ^th reafitry adrances 
in ooilaUe naterials anl tfaedr ansUcatiGns. Ihe prisBcy oonoan is wed^^ irii rim i g a Ha it MlcMd ly 
aBDdiiiiaed stracth ad stl£&ns, aooegtaUe life cyde costs and fetigue resistavae. Ihe opaattenal 
ewimiiBit is of ooiMm, espedally near ooeens dL« to oonradoi fior metols (ytddx can be aBtai)and 
%ieekBnix« of ocniiGsltes (due to ^ter absoqitlGn). New aixoaft pcopilsiQn ^stem designs ccntiiuBlly lecpiire 
hUK opecatirs tBi|»atuces with the ocncxinLtant dasixe for loie^life aaterials. Ihe fsatuces, peEfixmanoe 
ad pcQssit ad pcqjectBl sfplitatiaB of vadous ocDiXBitfiSt Tl alleys, steels ad AL alleys, partioilaiily for 

150 



ndlitaty pucposest ace CKUiLiul* 



86A33A7S ISSUB 13 PAZ 1812 WBUBS 23 aS/OCVQO 376 miS UCLi^SSIEIED DOOie^ 

UnL: Hatedais aid pcooesses; RcDoeodii^ of the Fifth IladTXilqgy QiifiaB iue, MontrajK^ BAtzEsolsrdf Jixie 12-14, 
19B4* ^tdhjnesUZ 

SftP: Ptloe of two volunes, $51 

CEO: SUnMIUDi CbnfieEaioe j^xiiax e d by the Society for the Aivanoanent of Material and Vroasss EngjimErirg. 
Geneva, Shdtzerlardt Society for the AlvaioaiBit of (fatsr^ Vol. 1,185 p.; 

vd^ 2, 191 p. tb individLaL itaiB ace abstzacted in these Moluies. 

MyS: / ^>CDMBOSIIE MfflSOALS/ "KXl^EBBXIS/ ^WaSOAL^ fOfHE 

MDB: / fSBCBPFT aJBrPLCHJCN ^fflHaAl£/ AUMHM AUDB/ /aHOtHTTR ETCMS/ CMBO W FIBE R KKUtU CED HAS EECS/ FIBER 
EEIIKHID OaKSnES/ ¥IUiW£ WDDDiy GIASS FIBER FEMDBCED HASTES / GRfi EHIIE-EHlgr OWPO^E/ HEUOFini 
TAIL BODGES/ YEJUR (1BA[XW!R0/ WOKIX (VaHOAL^ MDOSIIBE QMENS!/ 

POMR MSnOX GMOSETES/ SaERHASnOTZ/ TEXIIIE5/ TffiHHASm 

ABS: Ihe pcesait oonfecaxB en advaioed y<T>gp»^ matedals givss attentLcn to hd^ palimHambt theoicpilastlc matrix 
QOifnEdtes and their mamfacturingr tedniqiBS, the fUanent winding of coipLsc ocnfxxiaits, the machanisBd 
narufactucer of FBP ocnixnaits for airctaft seocndlacy, a wbL Me^ stzain-to-fadluce pc€ixiqg^, the manifactuce 
of accucate glass and cacbcn fiber [jcefiom s for resin injectim, a heUoopter ocnposite tail udt, AL4i 
alleys, tte ducabdlity of Arall, the potHitdal wi^t sacvii^ obtainable in future trasport aircraft throi^i 
the use of advanosd natecials, sifieqilasticaUy fooiei Ti and AI alloys for aetospaoe applicatlGns, and 
assenUy bcndiiig vith room teipecature-<uring adhesives. Also disagaeri are novel ocnposite systens fcr use in 
prinary aircraft structures, acoelaated moisture ahsocpticn in carixxwepcey, the thennoenalytic 
dBractad2atiai of natrix resins and oonposites, the definiticn of ndcrostructures in hybrid reinfioroad 
pilastics, oecandc ooDpcnaits for autcnotive powErpilants, Kevlar-reinfiorced autanotLve ocnponents, metallized 
tectile fsbrics and their applicatLcns, and the role of S-2 glass fibers in advanced ooiposites* 

asesoMd ISSUE 13 imge I812 aasns 23 as/txMX) 376 imges uoassepied DoaiENr 

UnL: (fettedals ani prooesses; Ftooaediic^ of the Fifth Ikhfiokey Qcnfiearcnoe, McntraiK, Switzerlaxl, Jiiie 12-14, 
19B4. VoiluieslSZ 

SAP: Moe of tMo vqIlhes, $51 

QDx sunSUHDt ObnferEncae spu i s o ce d ly the Society for the Advanoanent of Material and ftocess Kgineeriiig. 
Qsaaf adtaedand, Society for the iUvancsenBit of Material and Ftooess B^gineeriic, 1965. M. 1, IBS p.; 
Mol. 2, 191 p. No individual items are abstracted in these volunes. 

WJSt / XnVEIim MfflHOALS/ ^mFF^^ 

HINS: /AnCRAFT (JSSSiEnW mORIALS/ AUMNUM HUXS/ ^UIKHEILE EtGNS/ Q9KN FIEEl HKIMO IH) PLA SEB S/ FIBER 
FEDidCID GOfCSnES/ FIIAfOT WMINy (lASS FIBER iCT«lCED HASII^ 

i»iL WJOBS/ mnjR OBSB/m:)/ wasaKWSEERiiis/ m^ hisiiic conBoy 

RiafR ^«aKIX aif(saES/ suEGREiAsi^ 

ABAt 0.& 

iyaS: Ihe presait oiiiiaB i ue on advanced aerospace materials gives attentim to hd^^ ptufutimfcae ticcnopilastic matrix 
oonposites and their moiifactuciis tectniques, the filanait windixs of coipLEX ocnpDents, the madsniaed 
msnifacture of IRP oonponents for aircraft seexndary structures, a no^ high strain-to-fiailure pcep3^, the 
msnjfacture of accucate glass and carfaoi fiber prefioons for resin injecticn, a helicopter ccnposite tail unit, 
AUi aUcys, the duEability of Acall, the potential weig^ savii;^ obtainable in future transport airccaft 
thoDM^ the use of ahoioed materials, s^grplasticalTy foDned U and AL alleys for aerospaoe applicatiais, ad 
assenUy bondii^ with room tenicratUDe-ariiig adhesi^^s. Also discussed are noMel ccnposite systems for use in 

151 



pcimcy airccaft stzuctxjcesy acoeLerated ncdstute absocptdoi in caAxxy^spaVf the thennoenalytic 
dHiactadzation of matrix resins and ocnixBiteSy the definltlai of ndcroGtructures in tiyfacid rednfiorced 
pHastLcSf ro rff'rif* ajuo ients for autonotive powErpIaitSy Re^lar-redxifiaroad autonotiMe (xnpnents, metalliaed 
tactile Mxics ail their appLicatiaiSt aid the roLe of S-2 glass fibers in advanced ocnpcGites. 

8SX74649# WSIEl 24 RPI»: «^B090«1L iaM9Q0666 NgWCyMP-»H2SB (M»: \B6SS. P615W 8M(MX) 190 EftGES 
^fnA<yTFrm rmfmr us crv jJcaoES iJN3 ctNlBMiniS 

UTEL: ftoceadir^ of the Qdtical Issues in ffaterials IbdmloBy Vodcshop oi Ttansverse Strength in 
C^cten-|!lbec/AIu!diun CtaqpCGitses held at Uiite Oak, Silver Spcirg en 24-25 April 19B4 

tumi A/IIE, R. N. OFP: Ibval Sur&oe \feBpcns Qsnte:, Silver Spring, Md. 

CDO: mniD SmiES; Vbdc^ held at \tiite Oak, Md., 24-25 Afr. 19B4 

MyS: / ^i>ALIlflIUl/ KSeCN FIEEBS/ ^GMOSEIE WOSa/iS/ MXItSBXSS/ ^SBFUS EDnSDG 

HD6: / CmCSniV (SAEHEIE/ MEBFAGES/ imSFtOfL TE^BW WOSDL WOEEmS/ VEmUOL mXBXnES/ VAPCR 
EHOBmCN 

8S!aOGB4*# ISSUE 2 QOBJSS 24 84/12/00 22 P/GES INZASSIFIED DOOlQir DagSEK 

UriL: ftofierties ad potaitial of advaioad carixxMarbcn for siace structures 

iftllH: A/RHfER, D. R.; E/SARBRt J. V. 

OFP: tbtioBL Aaorautics ad ^^«rp iktadnistraticn. larigL^ Research Oaiter, Hanptcn, Va* SAP: lindted by ID!R In 
its Ifetal ffatrix, Cfetrbcn, ad Gstanic fetrix Ocnposites p 14^170 (SEE JB&-10074 02-24) 

Cn>i UQXED SBQES 

MftJS: / *tfSDS»CE VEHKIES^ KSBJUCimN CBMPOSnES/ -^WS TEMHWHEE EMnKNfNES/ *IEtEIlE SDOGIH 

HD6: / HfXDC/ SKE SJHOIS/ IBEEVML (JNUXNIXI/ TSEmfiL WOiSCniW WOSr (MASS) 

iBfc B.V. 

fBSt Iteseardi nmuLts on the thamnBchanlcal ad tliainoiiQ^cal properties of advared carfacn-carbcn (fCC) ate 
discussed* Bqphasds is placed on the eCfiects of prooessing and prior theonal treatmaits on the rocm 
tenifiEature and elevated tEsiieature pcopecdes of this udqiB dass of matedals* 

8300074^ ISSUE 2 (^OHXRr 24 RPFIN NASMP-23S7 L-1S918 ms 1.25:2357 84/12/00 261 BK^ INIASSIEIED IXXUDir 
DOMESCK! 

UEIL: Metal tfatrix, Cbrfacnt and Qgaiiic Matrix Qnposites 

SSmt A/BUOOEf , J. D. BKT: A/ed. QOBP: Ibtiaial AeroraiitiGS and Sjpaoe Addnistratdcn. la^^ Research Gaitert 
HBn|ytQn,Vsu Sff: Undted ty HXR 

CDO: INnroSCKIES; S^poraoced in part by DOD Gonf . held in (booaBeadiy Fla., 19-20 Jan. 19B4 

mj5t / KseaictSBjii cnnsnES^ ^<Hmic wodeox co^ Mmax 

GMOSnES 

MII6: / AEBOEBCE TSDESI/ HBCN FHBS/ QOSEIKS/ FIBER RENOCED (HfOSEIES/ SOJZXN (2EBIEES/ SUBFACE FROSSBXS/ 
USISCER OMGSEIES 

/Nk Topics Qovcred inclirie desigi, manafiactute, and fabricaticn of carimodxn QGnpGsites fior a erospace ^chicles, 
bocon Hhpr ^iiiirintn, sHiccn carfadde \M2ker aliminjB nBtrix, ad fiber rednficsroad oecanic mtdx coDpsites. 
Fiber tednolcB/ is pr es ai ted oi techdqjes for incxeasiiig the strength of boccn fibers. Ihe coat±« ad 

152 



sjcbcB traatment of fi b e r s is (tifnrgwl as a nethod for inpxTvij^ the mediaiical | ? tr|M li es of both metal ad 
OEScanic iiutiix ocnposites* 

15MSS26 ISSUE 22 PA2 3249 GKIH3Ey 24 85/DQAX) 738 PAGES INIASSIFIED DOOMNT 

UriL: HacHit advances in oaipoeites in the IhitBd States and Jspn; FtooaediiBS of the amosiun, Efenptcn, VA, Jine 
6^, 1983 

AHH: A/VIN30I, J. IL; B/ESXA, M. BftA: B/(ndaware, Ihivecsity, Nesetk) PAT: A/ED.; B/ED, SftP: Maiters, $60.; 
noniBiteSy $75 

CD): INEIED SIXIE5; ^qposiun spcmxed ly fSm. HiUadelfhia, B^ ASIM (tsm ^^p^^^ DednlGal Rtlicatiai, Nb. 
864), 1985, 738 p. Fbr individLal itans see iffl5-^65Z7 to Aa&-46563. 

MIUS: / ^KJOfOSnE WSSRUiS/ ^^FR^dURE (fiB^^KS/ ^mmOCfL HCBERnES 

MI^: / AOCUBnC EXZEKCKN/ ^£SSKN^JBE^DTESIS/ CHQCNEIEERFED^^ CEB/VflC VKSSIX OGMPOSEIES/ 

CP tttoa iU?! lESES/ FACDGUE TESTS/ FIBER CRIENCmiN/ FIEQl fEllHHlU (XNFOSnES/ FIBER SERETGIH/ 
GRAHin &gqiCr CCMBOSEIES/ JAPilN/ (QAL MKQOX COtOBHSS/ ISSCBfflED HAEES/ HCBAEOUIY HfiSZ/ RESIEIKL 
SIRESS/ SfflNT ^®»Nr ERIhUHE/ ^BSl SIREKaH/ SEHOCN OREOEES/ SDGSS GCKSIIRffllEN/ SERESS-SIRAIN EOCMS^ttC/ 
SlFEflffi EMSfflNy THHUflGY ASSESSfNE/ UUIRASCNIC SBCIPDSOOP!/ INEIH) SEMES/ VISDCHASnCEly 

l&ii O.C. 

^BS: ktoog the topics difnFrwrt are load onoEntzatlcn fiactocs in a chainof-bindles pcobabdlity model, tie fcacture 
behavior effects of gcafMte fiber/epoy malxix aiieslcn, Hb fcacture behavior of an SiC msitrix rednforoed 
with helical Ik fibers, damgge inirlatim at curved free edlges, the fcacture ^xgh^ess of a fHyr-palymgr 
csiEnt Qoncrete systen, tie fatigue behavior of aluidna fibernreinficroed aluidmn ocnposites, metal matrix 
Qdiposite residual stresses due to tap eaa ture chsr^, the stress and defioonatian of sandvich panels' curved 
farcpla tes vnfer pressure loading, aid the inpact resistance of fiber oaiposites. Also discussed are 
fiecrite/resin oonposites fix vibcaticn danpiiTg, dxart fiber reinfiaroed meigpetic powder ooces, carbcn-carbcn 
Qcnposites msnifacture with fine ocke, SiC-reinfioroed aluidnum ocnposite fabricatkn, meta matrix ocnposites' 
W3ck of fracture, the fiber-matrix reaction aone growth kinetics of SiC^^einfiocoed Ti-6A1-4V, the oorrosian 
resistance of metal matrix oaiposites in marine awironnaits, and the shear modulus of epaxy resin ixider 
ccnpressicn* 

85M5739 ISSUE 22 BOB 3248 QUHnor 24 85/07 AX) 5 IMGES In FRBNOa INIASSIFIED OOCUfNT 

UEEL: Ihe state of the art of rednfiorced plastics 

AUIH: A/IAEISCH, N. a BAA: A/(m Bant de Nedojos Ihtaroticnal, SJL , GEneva, Switzerlard) 

CBO: SHn^ttiN); MateriaK et IfedniquBS (ISai aB2-ffl95), vol. 73, JlnfrOdy 1985, p. 293-297. In Fteidi. 

MAJS: / "^UBOMFT CDSSUCnEN MKIERIALS/ ^^CIEER BEDKKH) CDfOSQES/ ^^EDFKH) HASCDCS/ ^nf^n^rtcpf ASaSOENT 

HINS: / OaOCN FISR illlMUCiU HASCDCS/ (nCOSCIE SHUHBES/ HSERID SninUSS/ VBJUR GRffBtfRQ/ )BB»a£»L 
HOHOIE^ HOQCIIIM EtOGERDG 

AB5: Ihe material properties, mam^tucing tedniquGS, ad tests of fiber-4?einfbrced plastics interded for 
inplfliBitation as aircraft ocnpcnaits ate nadeued. The attractiMaess of the otnposites is due to louo: 
pcoductiai costs ard li^^xter wi£^. Gtxposites are beiic designed with microsttuctures ^Mch resaitle tlnse 
of bene ad ^xxd, tuo strong natucal materials. Iheanosettii^ epav ad phoiolic resins receive the most 
attoitlcn as matrix materials, the fioDDer for stre^^ the latter for fire retanbtion. ALtin^ glass fi bpr g 
hEMS \ffill kncMi, satis&ctQcy properties, tli^ are hesRy. DeveLopnait effiorts are t hge fio re ocnoentxatirs oi 
KBrlar ad carbon fibers as reinfiarQEncnts. CiBD±Gn fibers are gaxrally s tnuja * ad more esqiaisive, \iiile 
Kevlar has a higher puUing resistance ad is ttiB prefiecable in seme applicatiae. Kevlar-^arbon fibo^ 
tyfarids pcovide atienoed properties. Since interlarinar defects are the pcedondrant cause of feiluce, 
OBufacturing ad inspection tedniciues (psrtioulacly ultrasound ad acoustic ineging} are beiig evakated for 

153 



iBJkx±v the jnddance of faulty pcodkcts. 



85643126 BSffi 20 Bffi 29!a QOHIIff 26 SAAXVO) 8«) BflGES llOi^^ 

UnL:Hl aerapaoeiiatadals; ProoBadir«5 of the IhtaiBtiaBl Oaifieraice, Bern, 9wit2a^ 
Mblunes 1 & 2 

ServioBS, LtdTlSB*. %!• 1» 323 p.; yoL. 2, a? p. Fx iixiividBl itans see ifflW3127 to 

* *Sil£HBAFT aNSQUCEKIl MfaBOALS 

HUB:/ AUMMM AUDB/ ffiff ^BDOT AUDE/ HOT BOSim: HESIMy HOT H^ ISM- 

* RJHK/ MinOSranilE/ NHXa m£liB/ BKnOLE SEE 

AES: AioK the topics disoussed ate aenspaoB appUcations of potrier natarials, pn»^ 

isoSd ^te nmSSe of rapidly sdidifiHi lifi^t alUy pcwias. the odciostnicture of lapi^ 

golidifiHi Al alley po«daspraiKHilyultrasaTicg3salnnizaticn,dispersic^^ 

S^SirtfaSd ^TaSfs, sillaxi nitride for tot isostatic pressing, aid caaricH^infatced caanics. 

ffi(yil£Xe» ESffi 19 Bffl 2773 CaiHIIff 24 avaVO) 9 EME In JABfi^ 
UriL: Aivaxaad ooopositES - Ptesart status ari fiiture traid 

MMi MfOfStSIL, A. 

OD: JARW; JaiHi Society fix teOHUtical ad SlBOBSciax»,Jamal(ISai(m-4663^ 32, no. 367,1964, 



p. 45S-463. In 

' (xif€snEy*iaafRM(aiaxai«HiES/*iHHaa2rAsssafNr 

HSfOIM/ \BiacSl CXICOSEIES 



/Bft: S.H. 



m a««t statiB ad firtute potaitial <rf ai««d_ODB|po^ 

oxrmtly «8d fix aaosiBoe induHrs Biglass, ad «?*«». '»rai.«da^ S??L^^?^L-2S!S 



n^irflf poilyiinide, ad netal mtrix «ith alurirun ad £iba:-«infbrad titadun. Akentages of gl^enic 

Simd QoriioSr oBtfirials, sudi as apaJ cater, n iltibodbr, ad flatbal types, are described. BHgjr 
ooraovBtiai of advenaal anposite natadals is stcessed. 

ffiM9aB3 3SaElBMB2649QaHnir26RPIl: Sffi 3^-597 84AXVro 106 IWES INliffiSlEIH) nXXlBC 

unL: idsBttd aanepaoB BHtttJals tBdinlflBr? PttxjBBdinep of the Aerospace Gangi»s ad Bqpositiiii, Ia« Beaii, (^ 
Octcfaer 13-18t 1964 SAP: Maiias, $20.; ncnsDte:, $25 



OD: IMIED SDflES; Cki«E«s ad Bqposlticn spcnsored by the Sodety of Aitcrodve B^^^ *'^!?SSL ^ 
SdSr of itatn»S«B«ine«rto:. (Sffi SP-S97), 1964, 106 p. Rx individBlitaiB see /fi5-39264 to 
A85-39291. 

wjst I *iB!osf(E Musm/ ^oMosnE vamas/ *<n«HOiEy xxxsiaxssm wamas/ *ronR mtuiscs/ 

154 



HINS: / AUMNlf mJXS/ CfSHNS/ (E«N SI^ OWEHnE-PGLZHIEE CCMCSCIES/ INIBCCDCN MOUIN;^ USI TBSSTl VtdWIIiS/ 
maw SIIC SmiRESS SQOS^ (GMOiaa. HCEBOIES/ RI^^ 

PBS: Ancns ^ topics discussed are pmBitas in the cgpHcaticn of ai csdde c Hs persion-s ti BTB tl iaial alley for anall 
engine tucfadne blades, the deMsLopiEnt status of lev density aluninun allcyst a ncMel method for the rapid 
solJdificaticn pcooessins of high sliutttl i powder metallurgy aluidniin alleys, aid the d^^eLopnsnt of fine 
gcained\ cast axial ai radial turbine heels of the nickeL-tase superallcy K!R-tG47. Also ocMered are the 
injectloi molding of 1*4 ffl stainless steel, die properties of poily (anine-iiiiide)/gca[hite advaioed oonposites, 
the prcducticn of danqge-tolficait aerospace structures ty meens of k-poljner ocnposite materials, ad material 
ei^luaticn methods for seoond gaieratlcn ocnposite tuiKputt virgs. 

a5A374ai ISSUE 17 PAZ 2477 OOSSKl 24 84/OCVa) 9 EMGES IKlASSrEIED roOMNT 

UriL: Nev developiEnts in carixn fiber rednforoanait MH: A/MHAON, P. EL; B/DAUHT, G. P. FM: E/(QeIaiese 
Plastics and SjTprlalties 03., ChathaDi, NJ) 

CDO: innB) SIXIES; IN: NatiLcnal TedniGal Oonfereioe, 16th, AUxqueniue, bM, October 9-11, 19B4, Ptooeedings 
(i^BS-37376 17-23). Cb^dna, Q^ Society for the AlvaioEnBit of Fbtarial and Process QiginaeriDg, 19B4, p. 

eoo-eoB. 

WJSi / KtlBN FIBEBS/ ^flSER STEWSSB/ ^mmOCfL EHHRHES^ i^ISSarGI PFFFFHWT 

HDS: / awaH FIBER FENOCED R^SHCS/ IfDIlE GF EIASncm/ SVCHPAFT CDSIRIIECN ^WIERIAL^/ SIIFRCS&^ 

SU^iCE EMHlINy mSELE FHHREIES 

AEA: 0.a 

ABS: M aoQomt is givoi of the developnait and peiliuiumuj of the state-of-the-art GY-80 ultrahi^ moduliB carbon 
fiber, Unch offecs hij^ stLf&iess and louer thermal eqaisiai co e fflci m t A^alues then pcEvious fibers of 
this type. Atteition is given to tfie advaitages to be derived fron the ooatirg of carfacn fibers with sLaes or 
£lid£hes, €n route to their oorroxsian into faixics, pcepr^, bcaids, etc« Riture space structure aiplicatian 
ad^^ntBges of the G£-8D fibpTS are noted* 

8S\37376 ISSE 17 B£E 2476 aasnS 23 84AXVa) 79Z &CES IKXASSIFIED DOdMNT 

miL: Ibtional Dednical Qxxfieraxse, 16th, AlbuqL£n]Le, Nf, October ^U, 19B4, ItaoBBdij^ 

SAP: $60 

C3D: INEIED SBOES; Qnfierenoe sp o n s oLB i bf the Society for the PdmKBBOit of Material and ?cocBsa Ehgineerir^g. 
Gbvina, CA, Society for the iklvaioEnHit of (faterial end Ftocess Ehgi neerii g Qfaticnal SAMEE Itednical 
GbnfierBioe Series. Vdhm 16), 19B4, 792 p. Rr individual itons see A8S-37377 to ^05-37414. 

HD6: / ssESOES/ fmsBf£E ErGDGQONy BNsac/_^ai^mmcarosnss/ czBMfEcs/ (xmjmanB) imFPcaiws/ 
(QSL mnax (jokshss/ fiiscrs/ Rfflimm effbcis^ bemoo^ woEguiJS/ taams/ 

iBtix 0.& 

ABB: Ihe present ouif i atam e gives attention to the de^^elopmait status of materials tednolcgies in such diverse 
fiflris as elecdxnic harduere, ad^snoed ccnfsosite pcooessiif^, materials repair netiiods, educaticnal resources 
for materials sdenoe and s^gineerii^, cobatic and autnnatBd industrial pcooesses, radiation effects en 
materials, mptal matrix ocniXHites, glass/cerendc systens, carboVcarfaon re&cactcxy ocnisosites, aid acheslve 

155 



systBB aid jadidiv methods. Also discussed are ctnposite matrix chanical and medaiical properties, pdjimEric 
nBterial devekpiBits, tte testing of ccnixjsitB materials, end the inspectlm of oanpoedte sttuctuses. 
BiiiBsis is giwi to the predictlcn of oonpsite s^stacB' paluLiujiiue , nowel mBnifecturing methods, ari 
advamsd desi^i ad aeOysis tediriquBS for oonposite structures in aerospace applicatiais. 

esfossam esue 16 me 2312 aasns 16 ssadsax) 7 pages unjesmm doomnt 

unL: Structural conoqits fee futXJBS space traBportaticn systan acbdtas 

aSOs A/Wam, a. H.; BAMKSCN, L. R.; OmVB, R. a; EktHTO, J. A.; BOTJEH, S. J. BftA: C/OftSA, 
la^li^ Rseardi Oanbar, ftn|>tcn, \&); E/Q^trcn Ihtecnatianal, Inc., BaD|>ecn, VA) 

OBP: FbtioBl AaaHidcs a«i StaoB AJirinistratiai. laigl^ Research Oaiter, ftnptm, ^feu; KEntrcn IntexnatiaBl, 
Sac, ftnptcn, ^fau 

cao: IMEIH) SHOES; (Aialcai listitute of ^rcnaitics axi Astrcnautlcs, PecospBce SdaiOES Meeting, 23st, Reno, 
W, J^ ia-13, 1983, AIM feper 83-0210) Journal of Spacecraft aid Rockets (ISa» 0022-4650), vol. 22, 
ttV^Xne 1985, p. 333-339. Ereviousily cited in issue 05, p. 606, Axesskn no. ifl3-165B5. 

WJSt / *SW£ SBiniE CEBdEBS/ *SEMSBtPT HSBIV ^SBAtHEAFT SHUCHfES/ ^SISUCIIBAL EESDGN UumuA/ 
jf irmanrrarM . OTgnftsroc _ 

MDB: / AIIHWES^ Q*B0M3»BCN (DffOSnES/ CMDGENIC mflD SIOWGE/ WHllilNr TWRS/ aflCKBfflT OKIIHEmN 
(VaSOAIS^ SIBU3IBAL UEDSr /1BERM. HOHHniW 

85*27119 ISSUE U ME 1516 QflHnor 26 84/aVOO 22 RCES UClASSIEim 
UTEL: Alunbun-lithiun allqys fcr aircraft structure - An overvia/ 

MB: tJOnSC, W. E.; B/NHWaffl«N, G. H.; CADNIFT, A. L. PAA: C/CBoelngCbnnErcial Airplaie Cb., Seattle, 
Vk) 

aOi t wrnn SBOES; IN: AhininLin-lithiun alleys II; ftooeadinBS of the Seocnd IhtenBticral AluiriiiinJithluii 
Qxifiaaioe, toitaqr, QW April 12-lA, 1983 (A8&-271D1 11-26). teiwdale, tk, MetaOliigical Society of ADfi, 
1984, p. 313-334. 

mJSi / 4«IRCBAFr CDGDUCIXN MOERIMS/ AIOI^ 

mBi / i^QIHlffi IinjSIRL' AIBHMe MIOSBIALS^ ICmil^ 

ilBA: Author 

iffiS: Ihe use of UtMuB barii« aluninin alleys fix aiiczaft stiuctuce began in 1957 with the use of allojr ]Q020 oi 
the Ikvy RA^ Vigilaite. Sins that initial aipticaticn, productian poobknB aii ocixsns abcut brittle 
bdwior tlKBrtBl further use of theEe aUcys in the aizaaft of wstem nations. an«ar, tie increasing need 
for mxe eCCidait aiifiaies axl infEoved naterials of oastruetian has lekindLad interest in Al-4i type 
alleys, priiBtily because of the suhstaitiariy lower density that these alleys offier. SericuB reseatdi ail 
dewekpiHit effiorts Inve beai iniecwor sinoe the early igTO's in the U.S. ail Ckeat Britain, ail these studies 
iBve idaitlfied the primaiy tedidcal reasons for the brittle beheRdcr of alunbua-lithiuB type alley s ari h ewe 
also siBBBBtal solutias to this pooUen. Cbtxcnt pcoepects are tariff fior the near ton dneloiinait of 
sevoal M^ stxa«th Uthiu boring alaidiim alleys that vilL be suitable fir aanEfBoe appIicatlaB aii that 
stoM find a broad aiiOication in this industiy. 

• • • « 

8(0733721 QflHnor 34 WSh iaKD33061 i!D^B0ll2« INIWR-82-30Ja^l CM*: n«Cai.€2-C^)069 DA HOI. 09M3HD 
82/09/30 2 \ns 766 6MS5 aOET imiCNr IE G07 iiCENC3ES i!tD C^ 

UnL: ftoaeedings of the 9ixk Rysics iiesoEpaoe ^stens CanfeEcnoe, ^rolunB 1 (U) 

HSBs A/ailuaiB(, J. I. 

156 



CCBP: Kanen TSBspot ALscandda, ^b. 
CD): UtnB) SDOES 

' HEUBiro H5BCT/ ^«0[1MI VBftEOC/ ^ROMnm Dft^^ 

MDS: / iHOGEWE SBiHfi/ Am HBOHirc Hcn«s/ ^»aE CF /ar^ 

aW3401D» ISaE 15 Rffi 2122 QOHaFnS RPI*: AIM I»HR 84-1121 84/00/00 9 FWES INIAsiiJ'itu DOOlBir 

unL: Ifaterials ax) sttuctuces fioc space applicatlcns 

MB: AAMOBOni, J. P.; B/WHS, W. E.; atDSH, N. R. 

BftA: C/(Hl Taction, Inc., Irvine, CA) 

CH): UttlH) SDOES; IN: Staoe ^stars TJadmolcgy CtnfieEBice, Casta Mesa, CA, Jib 5-7, 1984, Tednical ftpas 
(ifi4-340Oi 15-12). Nar York, Anerlcan irstitute of AaoHUtlcs aid Astrcrautics, 1984, p. 50-98. 

M^: / *gEMHEffr (DBnWinN MfflHOALS/ *SEW3CRAFr SmUCHIES/ *IHHlIX]GIEfiL KFBCftSmG 

HDB: / (SftEHnE-miefaitcsnEs/HmEgi^mEgmHytt naLMim ^ 
Tiwsaafflnni sxsiHV THHOOS AsssMwy THEEMM. Hcra^ 

/BA: GJL 

iSS: The ptegait iroesti^tlon is ocnoenied with the state of the art in materials aid structxjces for qpace 
amUtatlais, tddi^ into aoootnt also fiiture trmfe regtcdii^ these tedrolDgies. It is pointed cut that idie 
dewelopiBit of the Staoe 9«ttle Otbiter requirBd si^iificait a*ranoes in the tednJcgies of structures aid 
HHtadUOs. Stjne of tiege adwatxss are related to the reusable thernBl ptotecticn systan, the li^htv^^t, 
WA stra^th nain ftana trtss structure, and the extaBive use of li^tveight ooniDsites for irajor ccnpnaits. 
Attaitim is ^vm to tte tUfi/pad/substrate profile, the terote naiipulator systan, the annbocm desi^i, the 
space toioonrpa uEdcT subeysteiB, ari coBtnictlonal dH^as fran grsfhite epcey t» gcaihite aluniiiin. 
Structure, nBdiniaiB, ail naterials tedrokgy needs for space statios are discussai, aid a fiiture qpace 
txasportatlcn Stystan is described. 

84A32676 JSOE 14 IWZ 2D16 COSXEI 26 82/OG/OO 424 BMZS IKXAStJlKlU) DOOlCNr 

UriL: ajpopitetlc fomdis of structural aUrys; Ptooaedin^ of the S^inpHiun, Srn Me^, CA, .Kre 21-34, 1982 

iMaA/RaCN, N. B.; B/HMLIIH, C H. EftA: A/(Bockj«U IhtEtratiaal Qxp., Elttshfl#», BA)? B/'(Bocteell 
IhtaoBticiBl Sdane Oaiter, Hxusad Oaks, CA) EftT: A/EX} B/ED. 

SAP: Menias, $24.; miiHiias , $36 

CKh INEES) SDOES; ^fnpBhjn spcnsarad ly the MetaDutgical Society AM and Anericai Society fioc Hetals. 
ttnaxkle, », Metallurgical Society of ADC, 1982, 424 p. 

MUS: / <<nHraKE5/ *RIMIG TSSmiS/ *IEff FESDSDWT AII£SS/ «Iffl SDEGIH tUOE/ ^iEOL VKHOMy 

MD6: / moBBta DnBDOt/ AtBOfon: ssuj\iss/ mxiiwmnis/ issBUia^Tsscs/ BKN toNXBiES/ mmacfL 

grmmpg/ jbm. awgrc/ NECKH, AIIJ3ZS/ HASEE PLW/ HOUJ EEUHilMM/ SBRAIN RAIE/ TEDMIIM AII0B 

ifflA: JJi. 

iSS: TkLiuiih <n a;|)etpla5tlcity as a Icv-oost productiai method for the menifiacture of cchiiIex ooqpcnaits is 
crassitad in tans of faesic nedEnics, s^perplastlc natsials, s^serplastic fiooirii« processes and anOicatiaB 
ad cavitation in s^spilsBtic aOlcys. Specific areas of study indude the supetplastic beheRdoc of metals; 
ayorpiagHHty in tltanduD^xBe alleys, hicMtnngth aludiun aUcys, ad nicfceL-base alloys; ad 

157 



gyflrpTacHr facing o£ sfaBGt iiBtal. Atteitlcn is alsD gl^^i to aenaspace appLications of S^ and SfOB and 
Gcmnendal anilicatdaB of supesrpilastic dieet fiooniiig. Fbr individual itens see ^94-3677 to ifi4-326B7 

8M28232 ISSUE U Pi£E 1521 GRmnOT 24 83/0(MX) 12 VtCES WO^SSFISD UXJilWr 

UriL: SEM £cactcgis^c aialysis of metal-natrix QcqpQsilBs eqxsed to eLsMaited taipecature, dhact dxtadcn 
cfivitiiiiuits 

MJSb A/HIN, a Im BM: A/CIbss, Udvessity, Adingtoi, IX) 

QD: UNEQD y^^m^ 

IN: Hechadcal behsRdor of metal-iiBtrix ccqposites; R^ooBediiiBS of the ^^iqjosiijnf EbOJaSt IXt FeixiBiy 16-18, 19G2 
{lBMEa2h 11-24). \fartaidaLe, B^ Ihe Metallurgical Society of SHE, 1963, p. 83-94. 

WJSx / 'QECIBCN mKBJFU ^^OiXStSBU ^WE IDffERffllBB lESES/ ^tGI»L (VOKIX (XMBOSDES/ ^WSSIIE lESO 

MINS: /AlIllDUl ALKKS/ AlUmW HBGN (ZMEQSnES/ FAIIIIC HI£&^ mirm CPBESSS/ lETSHE lESES 

i!B&: Aithor 

^£5: Elected Ujujtaature, short time ecposuce tsnsile fadBvior of netal nBdrix ocsixsites is of hig^ Interest in 
adf^noed nrifrrile desdgis. Ttensile tests ha^e beai ijafbi ii Hl en titaniuB dad baroi/alunirun (B4CE/AI) and 
sillccxi carbide pattinilate r ei n ftytTf5d aluidium (SiC-p/AL) at various taiperatuces in air after a 2 ndmte soak 
to chararteriae their behavior. Ihe tariaeratupes that vob esondned inclirie 700 F, 9CX) F ad IKS F for tiie 
B4CB/AI ocnpssite ariSOOF, 7CDFafKl900Ffarthe SiC-p/Al ccnposite. IMs paper reflects tte SEM ^ndc that 
^«s pe if ia n n ad en each of the failure surfaces of the various teisile specinHis. Fladlure nodes ^«e readily 
identified for the ccntixuaus fiber rdnforced oonicsite (BKS/M) but vere not as obvious for the 
disccntinjously reinforced gjnposite SDC-p/AI. 

83!C72974# Cbt^gocy 12 BFH: ^I)^(}7Q157L a)-m^-lQ2 82/lfi^ 

UnL: S^aoe ^tans and DadnotLog/ Vbckdiop 2. Manufacturing panel pcooeedii^gs 

1I£P; Final Report 

OBP: Air Fbroe Sjpaoe Dlv.| las i^ngieles, Ckllf* 

OD: INEIED SERIES; Uodcshop heU in AlbuqpeEque, N. Mex., 2&-24 Sep. 1982 

MUS: / ^'qffillSV^ E^raIOIfNIS/ ^«li!RZ ^^ 
/ ^SBACE mUFiOlEIIG 

HD6: / AER05MCE ENStEBONS^ CCHPOSIIE MfOEKIALS/ FIFCFRIC (BERffltEC/ MUSIKIfiL VUiXSS/ lEEAlS/ OFQICAL 

HinBBlC/ aSACE OMCBCIAUZKnEN 

83X721991 GKIHIFY 26 BFIt: i»>JQG29B »«^^16 QQf: R3a657-«»oa]lA 69/06^ 72 B£ES GQfllB^ IE 

GCV /C&OES i!W aNntfCDDBS 

UTEL: Sc^det activities in the fieild of aludnni tednaLoey (U) 

OBP: MdGkatf-&lII Infiornaticn ^^^stenos Cb.t Vde^t-^ttecson AFB, Ohio. 

Mys: / ymm w ^muonjm auirs/ Ktsnss/ ^khrseie wsmms/ ^^sasasss^ * wsgdsg/ ^vcuei vemnss/ 

^fRXESS ONIBOL (INIJ5IRZ) 

KINS: /lESBIRH IffNflGErCNr /IHBlia^ 

158 



83A37B61* ISSIE 17 WCE 2516 OOHIEf 37 83AXVtXI 6 B«£5 INli^SSIEIH) OXUfNT 

unL: Na/ metal taJnologies in airtene QcnstructLcn 

iVJIH: A/SfiM, K.-F. 

OD: UMOW Ednrier-ftst (B^gUsh Editiai) (ISa^ 0312-5563), rx). 2, 1983, p. 46-51. 

NUS: / ^^JPCSPFi: CneiRJCEEGN h«DER[AL&^ AMBER^CS/ ^AIUONUM ALIOSS/ ^'KUZR )€XUIIH3/ ^qiDMIM AUISS/ 'AyEKSr 
BQXXnniN 

HD6: / CDSES/ HJT TFrCT/mr PRESSING/ MBCBftUD^ EKHRHES/ tEISL 9EES/ HKEOSmEIlBE/ SMJCIIEAL UEDGHE/ 
TKHBLDGSr ASSSS^fN^ 

AB^ A.L.V. 

ABS: Ihree advanoad metallLcs technoikgies with the potaitial for iedLX±f; the structucal \«ieight of future aircxaft 
are presaited. Bsuder metaUucgy is shoui to enable the (xoductiGn of £iner ndcrostructuces and infxoved 
ncdianical prqperties in oGnventiaial and nc^^ aluidnjn alleys. Ihe tediuqis of supecplastLc sheet metal 
faring cxnidned with diffusicn bcndiiig is under de^elqpmait as a means for the lov-cost pcoducticn of in te g ra l 
titaniun sheet metal oxistructiGns aid is also bedif; in^^sstigated for use vit sufficieitly siperplastic 
alundjim alleys. Finally, the advanced aluidnm castiic tedidques of sand-<2istir^ and peed si en castii)g shew 
pcaidse for the redicticn of aircxaft pcoductiai aid qsecatlrs oosts. Ihe potaitial of other metals 
technoiLQgies such as lithiun alindiun alleys, the ocnidnatiai of binding ad spot weLdiiig, hot isostatic 
pressing and aii|XKites is also noted. 

83A33961 IS3LE 15 ME 2136 QOHnff 26 82/OQ^ 

UnL: Aspects of mstallcgrapiv aid menifecturiiig techrlog/ rqg^rdiiig the supecplastic fonidng of TiAL6V4 

AUm: A/BECK, W.; B^VaMOER, P. J. EftA: A/Cfeceinigte Flqgtechnische Wedce GhtH, Bcenai, Wast Germaiy); 
E/(Mes9e£5diidtt-BoeIkDV-fiLchn QribB, Mnidi, West Gecisry) 

OD: (SN!Nf ,FECERAL BEEUBLDC GF 

IN: Hi^y stressed materials, with aRdatioi considered as ai €9QB|ile (A83-33961 15^). Obenitsel, \fest Qegaten/f 
Dbutsde GbseUsdafatt fuer Hetallkuide, 1982, p. 129-135. In Qsaasm. 

mJS: / ^jufprfmrp. imRray/ ^wthmtw: TrrajTryER/ msTMicmmr/ *gigmAsriCTiY/ ^ imfTTrrY AsasaoflV ^TmOTiii 

ALioes 

MD6: / AUMDW AILCSS/ OST ^fflC^VE^ESS/ WaSdOS 333X2/ ISOL SKXS/ VQEHT FHXEIICN 

/BA: G.IL 

ABS: Ihe titaniun alley TiALSVi has high strength, hi£|i-taqperatUDe stability, and satlsfactocy cocrosiGn 
resistance. In this amecticn it has beocme an iqportant structural matodal for the a e c j spane industry. 
Hcwever, oost ^tocs related to an aifslcsffnait of tliis alley are hi^^ GbiixxiEnts made of titaniun hoMe, in 
most cases, a coipLEX fioon, and material losses of moce than 90 pecoait in ccmecticn with nachining qpecations 
are not UKcmncn. Ihis situaticn provides the moti^tiai for efforts to dewlop isv moce oost-^effiective 
nEmfactucing procaedures. S^perplastic focndng in ocndtncticn vith diffusion ^«lcUng, or vitlxut it, metes it 
possible to pcooess titaniun sheet by meas of ncMel atyoat h es ^hidi oould not be eifiLcyed on the basis of 
QonvcntlarBl prooeckxres. It will nov be fisasibLLe to utiliae inorthodeK ocrqponent ccnfigmatians ^hich ne^ ked 
to savii^ in cost wd wsie^t. Attoition is given to wdc \iiich is bedi^^ ocnducted in West GeEmay with the 
objective to utilize tiie ccxBideced techfxslcgy for scne specific aBxasfBce applicaticjB. 

a2X73554# CKIHnff 15 RPI»: iMOSia^ laE^^OOJ)/^ ND0QlMa^3027 /RB^ 

OGERAQlOAFHnJ. 2666 81^/00 3 \aS 14 IKGES INIASSIEIH} OXllBir IE 

UTEL: Cbrbowatbo tednoHqgy for future strategic ad ta:tica missiles. Uslune 1: Beoitive surnary TL^ Final 
Import, J^ -Nov. laO 159 



iiJIH: /RKHT, B. A.; B/BSSBi, I. E.; (yiHEB^, D. H.; WVdOSR, J. L.aEP\fcM*t Cbtp., ttUas, Tac 

C3D: INEIED SERIES; \fci£^t-^tttEEsm AFB, Chio AFUNL 

BUS; / *0*BCN-^«BCN COfOSnES/ ^GAS ■HFBDC ENIMS/ 'WSSHE mSH 

MD6: /BEDERMS/MIIIHRyTHHIiaX/IHINMGyAS^^ 

82X71731 aaBQDRr 26 RPH: fl)-3ra«9 lW-66-29 66A)6AX) SB PGES OMIIHaiM- DOCUfiff US W «^^ 

unL: Soviet activities in tite field of aluiiiJiin tedmLogy febtlcating and casting practloes (U) 

OBP: DoclBie (F. V.) Co., Nar Tcdc 

CEO: IMIH)SEKIES 

WUS: / **UMMM ALUMS/ ^KaBEDC/ ^KfflaoanOV i^aaXEIBCN iTCMHOfG 

MD6: /HlOPmC/tEB^L WRONG TTnWT(ryASaS3Bq:/U.S.SJL 

a2flA7(»aHSSUE 24 Bffi 3780 CfflHaK 39 RPTft: lAF B«R 82-385 82A»/a) 12 RCES IN3ASSIT3H) DOOlBff 

UnL: Iteait [ttBiess in ooiiJasite materials applicaticn for space systans 

AflH: A/KIIE, J. L.; B/KMK, K. W. BftA: B/(M^N. - NauB TtediiolQgie, Hjnich, Vfest GeniB^yr) 

CEO: GHMMf, FHBEWL PEEIHJC OF; IhCaiBticnal AstronauticaL Pedecatlcn, IhtenBtiaial Astronautical OcngoBSS, 
•33ni, teis, Ffcanoe, Sept. 27-Oct. 2, 1982, 12 p. 

J«US: / *^ffiHHWEEN3IIHRINy*nmiiei«KH)(n«]SnES/^S^^ 

MDB: / /«IMC uaKH \iHinE/ QiOW EIEffi EEMOOD HASHES' CSOnODa^ BftEKV SNHBCH 

snumEEs/ squhbal (ESBH^ snuES 

/BA! N.B. 

ifiS: Ihe ise of fibewHtafioroBd pilastla (FCM) as structural aapnnts of lancha: rodoets is eraliBted. The 
influane of a lodaet's stMCtucal msBS en the attainable peyload in ttasfcr otbit is detaaidned fam *e 
uttJJuuttme / T^i^'iaHma far seveal diffieEcnt rockets, the vodoet structuoes «hich ooiild adwantae^ously be 
»«ria~< by structaes of KM are ccnsldEDad, ari the mass of the Qcnpsitie natsrial stwcturas are cstinated. 
MintaaiBiiate stage stnictuce fim tl» seocnd s^ 

of te (Be of FCM ocDixnaits. The strsngth ]ay-out and the pracisiaMdnHng profactiai process are gantoed 
ad QODEBred to tte anvcntkneQ. netal ccnstructiai. The structutaQ. otnoept fir the FM caapanmts is based m 
a dKll of sariBidi aiBttuction, Odch consists of two ddns with interposai strinBas <* arniilar ribs. This 
Qon^t is ^om to be fLadble atA the structural desigi cai be adapted to loal pcoUeB of fiane infactiai 
or cut-outs. Ih additiont taBlcn/conpsssien struts made from OFF are devekped ad CMaluBted fir aeDOE^Boe 
ad atdatkn aplicatiaB. Fx load trasedssion bet»eai CHIP tifas ad akndnn fittines a posiaMe 
oaneeticn fir both tasiai ad ocnixasicn is usal. It is fiud that the use of CSSP struts cai save abut 
SGK of ttc «ei^ of oomaitiaBUy fefcricafim aludnm struts. 

B2t3XB9 TSSB 19 BCS 3088 GKIRZIGr 37 82/07/00 9 BfiCES UGASSIEIH) DOOlGir 

Unu laser ^eldins - State of the art rcsdev. 

miBt MUtaaaSRf J. BAA: A/COIlnais, Udvasity, lUana, IL) 

ODt i wrrm SDOES; (Mfios in MetaUusr, HstaUucgical Society of ADC, 1982.) Jbmal of Metals, moI. 34, Mfy 
lSe2, p. 16^4. 

160 



(ttJS: / Ksean mxHE u^s/ ^atinnDE wub lasers/ ^kb mm u^s/ nj^ ueuhns 

MDB: / asiPimn/ aumwjm audb/ mnaw mstanm. aawms/ ssms/ immnTf AsasMwy tehniim ailcks 

fBSi The advaitsBBS of laser welding, rivalal only ly electnii bem w^^ (BEW), are enjnerated, ari its 
principles ad A^ariables are eKpLained. Studies of laser wids in aluidnLin ail its aUoys, steel, tLtanLun and 
its alloys, srxl iridiun alleys are pcesaited. The wkHng of aluriiun allays hewe proved to be difficult 
because of W^ sucfaoe reflectivity, aid high aiants of porosity oftei appear* A systanatic studljr of the 
lasa: \jeldi2« of 1/4-indi Aide Al-ife alloy (50B3), using a ID Id/om laser and a g^ shieLding qsten, 
pcoduoad poraity^fceB wakb. The BEW tedirique has been the nnst popular method for wddirg the TI-6A1-4V 
titaniun alley, but it tes been ficuid Aat OE laser beoms raey be a iicce efficiait method of welding this 
alley. X-^^ radicgK|te teve drwi no cracks, poradty or inclusions in suooessfiully waldai TI-6A1-4V. Also, 
it is reported tint, inter proper conditions, the fatigue characteristics of dris wld cai be the same as in 
tiiB Htt!c*» nEtal. Cbnposites showing structural variaticns and die traisnrission electrcn micrcgraphs of the 
Tl-^6A1-4V weld are included. 

82A2^«yf ISSU: 10 RCE 1397 QflHIICr 39 aiAXVOO 18 MGES In (HWN INIASSIEIED DOOMNT 

UriL: The fiacture characteristics of a ruitor of notched carbon-epcodde laiiinates 

/4JIH: AAXHEAI, S-; B/IHEFS, P. W. M. PAA: A/O^to Uriversity, I^to, Japai); B/(D5Utsch e Fbc sdngs- wd 
VfersucteaBtalt fuer Uift- urri Rajnfahrt, Ihstitut fuer \ferkstoff-^brsdhu:«, Chke:^, Wast Geniary) 

OD: JAP/N 

In: Qirpoeite naterials; Lecture ari WsoBslai Meeting, Qnstaioe, \fe5t Geaanary, April 17, 18, 19B0, Reports. 
(^-24801 10-24) Obeiursel, \fest Gecnay^ Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Hetalllande, 1981, p. 197-214. In 
GecmEn. 

WUS: / ^Q»BCN EIBBR REHfaOD HASEKS/ ^'SOff r«IRIX OOfOSnES/ -ffBtCOFE ^f^^»^CS/ ^^AMINSIES 

Mne: / awx mstcaiw/ faiiiie mcces^ ronH tests/ sisess pmissis 

fBki GJL 

ABS: Che of tte remaB for certain deikys with respect tD a more vidfr-spread eipLoymant of lij^t fiber-reinfiDroed 
pikBtics is related to the ocnpIeK mechanical diaracteristics of these materials, in particular also with 
respect to fracture madHiics- The oansidered investlgaiticn has the otrjective to find art ^tether 
ficacture-raectedcs aHix a d g i eiplqyed in Qomecticn with ocnvcnticnal materials cai eJso be used for 
fibar-^rinfocoed natecials. The matadals studied ocnsist of ai epodde matrix in ^WLch carfacn fHanaits are 
eiisedded. Qjiposites in Oddi tte fibos are aUjpad in diffierait directions are studied, taking into accoiit 
effects related to te oriaitatlon of die individuea layes aii the Isyer thick ness. It is ftuxl that 
ptooedures based en the otxxaept of crack resistanoe are not suited for a predicticn regarding fracture. Point 
ad mean stress criteria fa-tl also to pR^ride this infiotmaticn. 

82A23752 ISSUE 9 I«ffi 1390 QOHnff 37 aiyaVO) 40 I^ 

UriL: Dlffusiai welding 

MJOb A/SCHMOZ, M. MA: A/(lhitBd TlBdmlqgles Gocp., SikocAy Airccaft Edv., Stratfiotd, CT) 

QD; UinH) SERIES 

Im Meldii^ tedixxkgy for the ^¥=*' niy>r^ industry; ftoceedings of die Otnfaxnoe, Las W^gps, W, Octcaber 7, 8, 
1980. (A82-23751 09-37) Waid, FL, Anericai Wdding Society, 1981, p* l-«). 

WJSt / ^fSFREBU \BintC/ ^MdEtSnUtV ^SUD SBSSE/ *IHINlfCf ASSSSCNT 

HOC: / AUMIUf AUOXS^ EIBLnXSffiSIES/ ERffiD^ 

161 



tBfa V.L. 

ABS: Soljd-state jodndts pt D ce s sBS Qcn5titut±s a gsneral caXegpay of diffijBlai ^^eldirier are redcsiied with refigB i o e 
to the metalliirgicsJ, aspects axl k^ ^^riables o£ the pcooessesy eqidpnEnt and tcoUiiSy natadalSt ad 
appllcatiais. f^yrific p i;ayfs si ffg eKandnsd indufe Edcticn vieldiiigy CKpTosive \tieldiic;i hi^^i-pcessure and loU 
wddliiS (yield^stiess csntrQllQd), focge waldirst S^ pcessure x«ildirg (Isostatlc), vaaun diffusion \«LLding 
(creep QcntrQlLed)^ pcess or die pcessuce veLdir^y and Uaal erat liquid phase bcndiDg. Other p mrpfcwp g 
rtigrswgpi^ jncliide Gditixixius ssBDi diffiuslon bondipgy creep isostatic pcessiif^y s^pe!:plastic fiocnijn^diffijsicn 
bondixigy and difriKlui bcazdi^ tednicjues* 

BOt&y&^ TSaE a BflGE 2B23 CMHIRlf 26 RPTft; M>4CBeAZ7 omz CA-EBO-77-G-aU miHU. m-6U0Z-EH-57 SQAMX) 

39 HVZS INlASSinH) DOOlCNr 

IHTL: The role of h^drogai in the stress oortosiai fiailnne of hig^ strength Al-Sh-Hg aUqys and sensitized austadtic 
stainless steels TLSx Final Annual liadnical Bepcrt 

MM: A/CSasnmUOU, L.; B/IA3CEf, M. &; C/FUjm, H. H.; D/BMHCSS, F. J.; E/SU»N, P. R. 

OQBP: InperJal GoU. of SdencB and TachnoilQey, London (Biglfini). ^ADLNHS 

SAP: HCAQ3/»FAD1 

OD: 11inH)KDI3XH 

mJS: / ^c^ttEHNITIC SIANESS STEBS/ "iPAIIIFE MIEE/ ^WS SIEEN3H miXS/ "^SIBESS OCROSIJCN 

MD6: / AUNNM PUSKS/ (JN^SSmW (ffKOSmW)/ YBPCOIE VEStmS/ (S«N BOINXRIES 

ABS: An investigEition into the effect of exposure of Al-ai-Tts alleys to \ater vapca: has shoMi that lydrogen, 
pcoduoed by tlie reaction is ahsocbed ty both tie alley grain boundaries aii netrix. Ihe anount of absorbed 
t^drcgEn depends en the local chendstxy and the metal/cBdde interEaoe aid is inOuenoed by allcyiiig additions. 
AttainiEnt of a critical omoEntratiai of dissolMad b^jrcgen in the boundaries leads to brittle inteiigramlar 
fra cture oi the subsgjJEnt appUcatiai of stress* Attainnoit of a critical b{^drqgEn conoaitratiGn in the 
matrix leads to riHFg«nlar cLaeR^fge ficacture. D^paiUng ipcn te aUcy oonpositim end heat treatDBit 
fauttiLes of ffaecva tydcogen can be fiocnBd at suitahle sites within the alleys such as gcain boundary particles. 
Ihe fixBBtion of grain bomdary htbles rediKss cofcrittlement by reduciit[ the local ocnoEntxaticn of dissolved 
tvdrcBen. It is proposed that the interacticn of stress and afivizcnnental ^oriahles with the above criteria 
gCMEDB the enKdronosital failure of Al-av^ alleys in aqueous and wter vspx ccntainiiig enviromEnts. It is 
s^ajtplcd that such fsdlures are l^^iitBEn cnizittlBnent dcndnated* 



162 



Ho. I S2 Title; Structural Integrity Verification 

Operational Requireaent: 

Provide on-board structural verification for recoverable vehicles. 

Rationale: 

To avoid extensive recoverable vehicle downtimes which severely Impact 
manifest capability. This downtime causes drastic increase in life cycle 
costs because of reduced flight rate. 

Saaple Concept; 

Recoverable structures designed and manufactured with adequate built-in strain 
JaS^es, corrosion sensorsfand BIT to provide adequate warning of structure 
deterioration. 

Technology Requireaent: 

Determination of sensor requirements for structural integrity. 
Development of required sensors to detect corrosion, etc. 

Technology References; 

NASA/RECON: 87K10697, 85A47011 



16:^ 



87100697 OOMD) QOt: Nlffi3^2S141 IXN»: GBiaOlACiaN 24700Q3 SS-62-81 IfatlcnaL Aenraidcs aid Sjpaoe 
ikkdndstratiGn. lads Reseeoxh Oente:, CScMelandy (Mo. Ratt and \liitn^ Aircraft, East Baartfocd, Qm. 

UEIL: SensGcs for OEcandc ocniicnaits in advanced pcqpulsicn systens INIASSIFIB} MAKE 10, 19G7 / Mffiffl 9, 1990 
CHOOS EXEK3H) l)a± nodtor not availab^ 

MAJS: / Ktumam;/ ^cswh-csbn ocMBOsnES/ ^KSRmirs/ ^aMwrmnm/ * cnfosnE MUHOMf/ ^muie ^mioses/ 

^EESr TBSEEEB/ ^^teaSOiGlJiESSaWE/ -t^EBCBimW SJSIS6 

CaCUNGlESIS 

aSA470U I5aE 22 »![X 3292 GSIBZEY 38 00$: \^74(£^G^ 84/OQAX) 7 BMX5 INIASSIE^ 

UEIL: Infessice of ccRfrasslve stiirffwes at jodnad intacfaoes usixig ultrascnic refLoctivity 

SMi A/JBOtSOSf D. 0.; E^KbUUN, D. K.; C/aOILIKS, B. J.; D/SfCIH, J. F. BAA; IV(DCE, Anes labacatncy, 
Anes, lA) 

OD: INEIH) SDOES; IN: Nbndesttuctlve netbods fior nataiial pcqcrty detandiBtiai; tnoceaiirgs of the ^npsdun, 
BBCEh^, B^ April 6-8, 19B3 (ABS^TOQl 22-3B). Nbv %dc, FLaun Itess, 19B4, p« 171-177. 

FttJS: / ^CaSESSSSN IMS/ ^»SIBC8S/ ^fOGONES ( JIKHXCIC)/ ^NEEDCL AIIDES/ :«>S]SES5 ilNAUSI^ ^tlUBASCNIC lESES 

HD6: / NEOCEL ALI02S/ BmECIXN^ 

iSA: GJL 

ABS: A pcohlatt of ocxsideEable interest is related to the na^destnJcti^^ detGcmnatiai of the Gcnpressive ocqpcnait 
of sdress in ^^odous kinds of interfeLsioe fastHiecs* Ihe utsual tachnic|ijes sqplcyBd &r stress neasuroiHits 
are not suited for the omsidgred case* Ihe pressit paper is oc ncen T B d with results \ti<h were obtained in a 
stuct/ of Nltinol oxplflcs ly neens of a pcooedure utilizing uLtrasonic reflectivity and suitable intaqxetive 
Qonoepts. Nltinol, a nidoel-titsniun alley, is a shape menDty naterial ^ihlch indergoes a rather special type 
of aarteisltlc transfiocnBticn. Ihe Nltinol fasten: is a ^lort, ttddc-walLed hoUot/ cylinder. Attentioi is 
gl^^n to aspects of sanpLe pnepaiation and stress characterization, uLtrascnic HEBSurBnents, and cggperimgital 
results and interpcetaticiu 



164 



No! S3 Title ! Integral IPS 

Operations Requireaent : 

Eliminate time consuming critical inspection, repair, and test of orbiter-type 
TPS. 

Rationale : 

Orbiter tile has structural characteristics akin to high-density styrofoam, 
i.e., it's brittle and delicate. Strength of the bond to vehicle substrate is 
critical and very difficult to ascertain. Repair/test/validation of TPS is very 
time consuming, requires expensive GSE and high-tech test equipment, emd 
multiple eyes to observe/verify procedures. 

During Nov. /Dec. 1985, 514 people were assigned to the OPF. SPC WBS 1.1.1.7 
"Orbiter Tile Operations" was staffed at 123.2 people. 82 of those were 
assigned specifically to 51-L TPS support and performed the following work: 

WAD TITLE SERIAL HRS. 

V6028 Orbiter post flight TPS inspection 

V9024 Orbiter TPS maintenance/operations 60 

N/A Orbiter TPS waterproofing 168 

V9022 ET door cycles/TPS operations 120 
V6035 RSI pre-rollout inspection 

and upper surface waterproofing 71 

Total: 419 

The 51-L as-run schedule shows the first three above operations starting as soon 
as the Orbiter rolled into the OPF but does not identify how long they continue. 
The STS-XX schedule allows 60 hrs. for both the inspection and the maintenance 
operations and 168 hrs. for the waterproofing. 

419 hours is 17.5 days, or 2.5 weeks. Each of 82 persons can be expected to 
have worked a maximum of 60 hours/week for a total of 82 x 60 x 2.5 - 12,300 
M/Hs TPS support for one flight I 

TYPICAL TPS VAD WORK/FLOW 



o 


Tiles replaced 


250 





FIBs replaced 


30 


o 


Gap fillers replaced 


550 





PRs worked 


850 





DRs worked 


200 





PCR data sheets 


2,900 





OHIs 


7 



To corroborate the above data (and further condemn shuttle-style TPS) the 
following data are provided for STS-31, orbiter Atlantis, launched November 26, 
1985 (flight 23). Data source is the Shuttle II Data Base Development prepared 
by SPC subcontractor Pan Am World Services, Inc., dated July 24, 1987. 



165 



TASK 



Technician 


10,636 


Engineering 


9,466 


Safety 


851 


Quality 


4,042 


PP&C 


2,340 


Support 


19,677 


Logistics 


5,637 


Overhead 


4,467 


Total 


57 115 



SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE, SYSTEM 09, TPS 
MANHOURS NOTES 



1. This data for STS-31 only 
Z. Headcount 264 

3. OFF Dwell Time 27 days 

4. Orbiter Challenger vas in parallel 
processing during this period* 



The following supplementary data are also extracted from the reference Fan Am 
Shuttle II Data Base for STS-31. 

STS-31 TPS TECH MANHOURS ONLY 



OFF 
TPS Post Flight Inspection and Repair 
OMI V7253A, Orbiter Window Polishing 

VAB 
OMI T5245A ET Nose Gone Fairing c/o 
OMI T5245B Nose Cone Fairing Trim 



Total 



TIHE 


TECHS 

64 
2 


M 


aRS 


164 
70 


10 


,496 
140 


19 

4 

257 


6.4 
6.3 


121 

25 

10,782 



MANHOUR COMPARISON FOR THREE MISSIONS 

The Shuttle II Data Base also provides the following TPS manhour tabulation by 
VBS for missions STS 31, 32, and 33. 



DESCRIPTION 



MISSION AND HHRS 



WBS K1117 TPS 
. Repair/Replacement 
. Waterproofing 
. Modifications 

Totals 

Saaple Concepts: 


STS31 

9,331 

1,184 



10,515 


STS32 

2«,'3«a 

147 

2,405 
2« 912 


STS33 
10,345 

1,158 



11,503 



Provide simplified, skin-integral, large panel, "old technology" TPS, i.e., 
temperature resistant pyrolytic graphite, metals and composites as proposed for 
earlier STS concepts* 

Reexamine and redefine reentry mode to multi-skip, once-around reentry a la 
Sanger, and reexamine cross-range requirements impact on TPS configuration. 



Reguir 



t: 



Development only. Previous studies /designs utilized much less sensitive TPS. 



166 



Technology References ; 

NASA/RECON (abstracts attached): 



86X10037. 86A18037, 86A15201, 85X103A6, 85N12085, 85A38450, 

85A28801 85A17092 84X74531, 84X10382, 84X10381, 84X10379, 

84X10376 84X10375 84X10374, 84X10372, 84X10371, 84X10366, 

84X10356 84N32505; 84N24709, 84A47046, 84A42651, 84A41928, 

84A37496, 84A37494, 84A37493, 82N23262, 82A31896 



Conclusion ; 

r. ibxbsn-::- JSa ix2.f rs8r<r4e%5 i^i rife j f 

trihrfh SaSl'ab^Je p/okdes a conservative 'd""™'! jf-«">" °* "^ =■ '^^ 
. 39j Jot a total potential headcount reduction of 162 people. 



167 



86X10037*# ISSUE 2GKIHIiff 15 RPIt: N!fi&-(B-3755 NAS 1.26:3755 CM*: NftSl-15&!i6 85/10/00 192 RfflS IMIASSIEIED 

TDOiiwr mtesnc 

UEIL: Fbbricaticn of pcqpackggad .siyprallfy hcnEyocni} Ihecial ftotectdcn Sf/stm CHS) psnELs 
MMi A/OJJR, v.; B/mHEl, J. E.; C/«mOB6L, H. A. 
aSP: Rchr Ihlstries, Ihc.^ Quia Vist, CIelLI£. 
SAP: limital Distxibution MEC: J4 
QD: IMM) ^tfng: 

Hys: -fwa FcsESEtto: Piisjus/ -fmsc gEnamiG/ ^abxekhb sDuauss/ iramL huibgcien 
HiNS: / Fmactinav ikxio. hmedmbio/ bmcls/ silqxn mxnE/ wmai 

fBfa Aithor 

tSBi Hie^ tai|«ature materials ^ne surv^yBl, and Ihocnel 617 and dtadun vece seLectBd fcr sndicatlai to a 
hanqpooni) IPS oanflgiiraricn designed to withstand 20OO F. Ihe oonfigqcaticn \bb areilyaad both thanally anl 
structurally. Cbqpcnatt and full sLsed panels wece fafadcatBd and tested t obtain data for Qcnfarlscn with 
analysis. Results verified the panel design. IVaity five penels were dalivered to l9Sk Isr^Ly tegearrfi C^ta: 
far addittanal ealuation. EEfT: S7/11/Q3 

aMao37*# ISSUE 6 Biffi 701 amnff 18 85/12/ro ~ 

unL: ^ferificatiafi tests of durable tfaerBal protecticn ^stan oonoe p ts 

AUIH: A/SfflHJER, J. L.; B/«Effl, G. L.; C/EETIMflN, C M. PM: <y(NftSA, la^l^ Iteearch C^ter, Ifaipton, VA) 

GCFP: Miticral ^^ercnautics aid Space AhdnistratiGn. LapgL^ Research Genter^ ftnptait ^ 

CEO: IMDH) SEfflES; (AIAA, Theanopiysics Canfierenoe, 19th, anunass, 03, Jire 25-28, 1984, AIM ftper 84-1767) 
Jcwmal of StBcectaft aid Rockets (ISai 0022-^4650), vol. 22, Ncv.^lac. 19B5, p. 598-604. Pteviosly dted 
in issue 17, p. 2439, ikxaessiai ix). Jfl4-37493. 

mnscnw 

HUB; /ADDtS nC )fiASUe0Iiy AEROIBBBHXnNttlllS/ ADOGEffi^ GCMPOSCIES/ B«IHNBn»L 

lESEs/ nam* ostnafSK)/ tcdniim/ vfom tsses/ vibuccdcn iesxs 
f • ♦ 

86AISa01 ISSLE 4 BMZ 444 CfflHXIff 27 8S/B8AX) 692 ȣ^ 

UnL: Amal QnfiErenoe oi Onpositfis aid Alvaraed Oecandc Materials, 9th, Cbooa Bsdi, FL, Jfenary 2053, 19B5, 

QD: INniD SDOES; Cbnfieceioe spczBored by the Anericai Oeradc Society. Cyanic Ek«ixBBrli« ad Sdau 
ftooeediiiP (BEM 0196-6219), vol. 6, Jbly-A«. 19B5, 692 p. Rx iniividLBl iters see ^86-15202 to 
iffl6-^lSZ42. 

MMS: / ^CHMtflC EIEIS/ <(HMMIC MfflRg QUOsnES/ <aRAHlCS/ ieTWummi/ JMinuNtni. vmB ama 

ND6: /ERUHE MfOTOMS/ OBMMIC OCMCDIS/ OMCK BCBUQUmN^ EDtnE QBCNT mBOV GRDODC (MOHaiAL BeCRffiL)/ 

sfff snamc/ mxcMOfs/ vua^ asffiONS/ ERnsnivE a]«nNs/ fesiiwl sugss/ irai«L miuoma^ 

IBERML IICnH33CN^ HaBOUEZ/ VEffi/ ZSOCNIIM GEOIES 
iSA: O.C. 

AS: Ihe iRsait QGnfiecenae disoBses tsstirg methods fx oasdc mtrix oaqpositK, devekpnils in n—W'^ fft»>^, 

168 



SfBoe transportatiGn systaoB' tfaanal protectiai mateEdalsy Gecandcs for heat enslnes and other sevece 
erRdtoinents, tfaecnal speared ooatii^y the de^^lopiEnt status of asaceadc triboikey, aid the fatxicaticn q£ 
oaanics and hard netals. Sjped£lc attentioi is glvai to the nBchanlcal chaxactedzatiai of oexanlc ad gl^qg 
matrix Qcnfjositest the appilicaticn of feactuce mediaiics to fiber Qcnpsites, the degradation properties of 
I&calcn Sic fibers, oeraidc natrix toq^ieniiigy SiC/glass ocnposite ptoses, oecanic ocnposite marufactuce by 
infiltratiGn, aid ce raid c ooattngs for the S^aoe Sixttle's suc£aoe insuIatlGn. Also treated are dsi^t 
pri n ci ple s for adsotrcpic brittle materials, oerandcs for intense ladiait heat applicaticns, oecandc-ooated 
tip seals for turbojet engines, onposite productLcn by lov pressure pHasna depositicn, tribokgy in military 
systems, liiricaticn for oessndcs, a systeiB approach to the grinding of structural cecanics, aid the 
^Ixicaticn of inocg^c foens by mlcnMMe irxadiaticn* 

asaD3-4e*# issue a OaHnor 24 RPTI: l»Sk^JBr-17m7l9S1.26il7WS7n^^ fftS9-17235 aSABAX) 43 

B£ES UOifiSIFIH) DOCUCNT IXlCSnC 

UnL: Quixn^carbcn hsGemL tile thermal protection system for an aerofacaked orbital n^iis r hT' ^^ehicle 

ILSP: Final Beport 

^UH: A/H), T. 

S/ff: Limited by IDA 

CE)! INEDED yrtfn?: 

»«US: / ^AERCEBAONG/ KHeomfSmH (OTCSHSS/ 'MIBIT WtSEESL VmiOIS/ fIBEeWL WDtECnW 

Mn6: / ORAMECS/ lEff ffllEimNy fflEH TEMEERffllTO^ NDffi UPS/ TOES 

tBfc B.tf. 

ABS: Qaioept studies of ai aerobcaking crfaital tiaKfec vehicLe (ACOV) are cunently beins ocniicted. Fbr near term 
ccnoept validatiai, a Uftins brake aero^assist fli^^t CKperimait (AFE), a sitryale of the POfT vehicle, will 
be desiffied ad fabricated for flight dencnstxatlau Ihe theonal protectiai system of the heat shield for the 
AFE vehicle is tlfi conoem of this progcam. A ncodnun teqperature m the heat sfaieM surface can be eqiected 
to reach 25S0 F dxcins te aerobcakiiig mansiMers. This high tcnperature calls for materials such 3s advaioad 
cacbaxarfaai (KC) or hdg^ ptafummuB cecanics to be used. A thermal protectiai system (SS) ocnoept using 
PCC was proposed. Ihe ccnoept uses CMeriappdng AGC bescagxel tiles \iiich ate pra st ressal during the 
instaUatioi by mechenical fias t aier s ad \iiose ec^ are stiported on insulati\« blocfcs. Ihis {£E hEsqgcnal 
tile can survive a hi^a: operational tanpetatute envizcnnait than edsting ofrairfc tiles used oi ttie (kbiter. 
Ihe hacigicnal tile oanoept is extended to the TPS desigfi of the nose tip area of the AFE article* Both AX 
(adraiOBd carfaoi-carbai) and optional BQC (leinfioreaBd carfaoKcarbcn) systems are deslgiBd for this partiLailar 
applicatiai and both ace reported in tlds ceport. 

8ail20BSA« ISaE 3 BMZ 323 OaHnor 18 BFI»: NASWIIi^EaU Nf£ 1.15:863^ 84/09/00 12 B^ 
Fteviously a ix xn oe d as A84-37493 

imL: \ferlficatiai tests of duratsiLe IPS oonoepts 

/IQH: A/SamMf J. L.; BAEEB^ G. L.; C/Fmtm^ C H. 

OBP: tbttoBl AeEonautlcs and Sjpaoe ^dninistxatiai. laigL^ Research Qenter, Heopton, Mb. mJLJiinS 

COh umED SEKIES; Ftoesented at the 19th AIAA Ihecnciivs. Gcnf., Sxmibss, Gblo.t 25-28 

HM5: / 'AffiRr BEEXSDNT ALIOS/ ^OIGiaie SIFU3IIGS/ ^^^ ^^SEttZ IBACFCREKEKN/ ^WHVifL 

EBOIBCnQI 

169 



HD6: /taJEHC ISiaiBWC/ tBXnSBHXWfMBS/ ADOSBERIC FIFTI KICm y QfCCN-GHSCN COtCSHSS/ WnBOtWOL 
lESES/ OCOGL CIMXHHQ/ TEDINIllt/ ViKIUf lESCS/ VQBffnON lESES 

ifift: Aitfacr(IM) 

iS6: TltHriun nulthoU, superallGy htn^raib, axl Alvanoed (Srtxn-carbcn (ADQ iniLtipost ThEsral Ptotectdcn ^ten 
(IPS) onoepts are hedrg developed to provide ducEdble pcotectioi foe- sucfaoes of future space ttaispoctatiafi 
systens. V^dfication tests indudjjqg tfaesmL, vibcatkn, aooustic, \ater absocptiGn, Iig|itnix« strike, and 
a ^^^ U iMtTTH l t^ts are described* RreUinuBry results indicate that the three IPS oonoepts are viable up to a 
surfaoe tHiperatuce in gqoess of 2300 F. 

&3BfG»4TS3E 17 tXE 2306 (XISnsyiTmi AIM EfflER a5-l£B6 85AD6AD lA BfiGES INIA^^ 

UnL: ItemL r espcnse of integral nuLtiocnpcnEnt OGoposite thermal protecticn systons 

^4IIH: A/SIBMff, D. A,; B/IEEER, D. B.; CSMTIH, M.; IVHDLDCEIEJ, P. EM: a^ftSA, Anas Research Oaiter, 
Moffiett Field, CA); IVOhfoniBtlcs, Ihc*, Mo ALto, CA) 

OEP: IhtiaBl AsoBUtLcs anl Sjpaoe iktadnistratiau Anes Research Gaita:, Haffiett FleLd, CkLif.; liifoanatics, 
Ihc., MoAto, C^ilif. 

CEO; IMEIH) SBOES; Anarlcai IhstitutH of AenxHUtlcs and Astrcnautics, Thenicptysics QnfierHtt, 2Dth, 
wmiansburg, VA, June 19-21, 1985. lA p. 

mjs: / ^^BOssRtuimms/ ^^fsbl oitosnES/ ^fmsss smddc/ -f'SBttssm reenos/ ^fJsmL imjiuiuh 

MD6: /FINITC IXFFEREKE TMSS/ SEKE SUTOE (SEEIEBS/ IHEEfttL aNUJNSII/ TOEUO, I^BIACECN 
AB^ Author 

ABS: Iht^talHiultiocnpcnait tfaenaL-pcotectiai naterials are disci-tssfld in tiom of their ttcDnal respcnse to an 
aro-jet aixstrsnu Ih-depth teipezature neasuranaits are cummetl with pcedictiais from a oi&Kiineislcnal, 
finite-diffioece code usii^; caladatBd thenaL Qcnductlvity values derived fran an enginBa±s model. Ihe 
effect of Qcnpcsiticn, as well as the q>ticsLL pccpertLes of the banding material betweea ccnponaits, on ttEonal 
response is discussed. He petlbuiaiae of these int^gal-gultioonpcng i t ocqposite materials is ccnpared with 
baseline Sjpare buttle insulation. 

8CiA2BBQl ISSE 12 H£E 1747 QOHZIOr 37 83/(X>tX) 283 WGES INIASSIEIH) DOOlOir 

UnL: use '83; Rxxsedir^ of the Taitfa IhteaBtiaial IheoiBl Spcaffirg QnfieEcnoe, E^sai, Vest GermBry, ffay 2-^, 
1SB3 

SAP: $47 

CD): GEOWlfMEBtL REHELDC OP; Qiifia CT o e a p on so wd by the IhtecnaticfBl Institute of \feldii«. Duesseldarf , 
\fest G^Boy, DeutsdEr^tsriagfuer ScfaueisstechdkQ±^ \felune 80), 1SB3, 2B3 p. In Kentish 

and Fborh. Nb individual itass are afasttacted in this ^/olune. 

MENS: /AUMDUl/ OHDSIIN RESESDNE/ BGDC WOS/ GAS TUBDE QGDCS/ ^EEAL SUOKES/ TSBUtL IHUHJUEN^ 

zmNEUHaniEs 

tBfc IJEL 

OBSx Fbpecs pcesEnted at the 10th Ihtacnatiaial Ihenal S^isyii«[ Gb^^ assarided. Aoons the topics 

^yiwgprf are: finisfains i^ o o bssbs aid altesiative ooatix« materials; quality ccntrol and tl» safety aspects 
of tfaaanl ooatiz^; aid basic ad applied researdi conoa o ied with coatb^ ad pt o o e sse s. QonsldaBticn is 
also given to: theonal barrier Goodies for fps turbine ccnponaFits; flane spof/ei sur£aoe5 for oorrosicn 
protBctiyas of offi^oce structures; and loinnssure plasna spayins* Scne additiafial topics include: fire 
barrier ooatii^ for protection of aludmra surfaoss; the devekpent of aro-Gpcai^ ccnposite ooatipss for 

170 



use in tte O-60O C taqpecatuce range; and the dHtacterizatdai of plaaiBHspcayad 1203-e tahl HthI ziiania. 

a5A17D92 ISaE 5 FME 579 GSEBaET 27 8V12/00 6 WGES UCLASSIEDED DOOMNT 

UTEL: Ifev ooatdx^ for M^ taipeaature naterials pcotectiai 

AWH: A/BEMETT, M. J. WAx A/(Atanlc B«gy Itesearch EstdbllshiBit, Mat^^ Mdcot, Ocn, 

(30: INEIH) KDCDCM; (Aiolcan Vaouun Society, AnuoL S^mpQEdim en CbatiiBS for large-Scale Metallurgical, Optical, 
aii ELectnxiic AppUcatlcre, lAtii, Arandale, NJ, Jvne 13, 19B4) Journal of Vaojm Scisnce and TedmoLDgy B 
(ISSN OTSmiX), vol. 2, Oct.-Dac. 1984, p. 8Da«B. 

ttUS: / ^<IRMC OMEINS/ ^BDIBCIKE OQSEBCS/ *SrLaiN UBXnE/ *IHEFMflL HDIffiEKN 

MiNS: /omiazaG/ mxmnsis/ unsfR mcsFS/ (kekekh/ sdkil hoesses/ vapcr eehkhien 

aSi The develcpnait, dHractErizatdoi, and paluLnMi u e evaltaticn of tvro new thin (approdmately ec^al to or less 
tten 20 ndcrais) oaanlc ooatiTBS for H^ taipacature naterials ptotecticn is revleei. These ooatings \«e 
silica pradLiced ty two vapr (fepositim pccxHtees atd oeria fioniHi ^ sol-jpl tedrokjgy. The airrait 
positlcn r^ardiig tte use of these ooatirgs in the IK luclaar industry is described. 

8ffl74Sai# QflBaCRr 14 Bm: lsyECnW2ELFnyiIX^yT-W^^8i/l^ 

unL: launch pcrint - PLesetsk 

MH: A/GLBWEV, V- 

OFP: Air Fbrae ^tare QjniHnd, Wdfi^t-fetterscn AFB, CMo. CSS: (Foceisi Tbdnokgy DlvO 

C3D: U.S.S.R. Tcaisl. into eCLEffl fran Pcawfa (USai), no. 171(23697), 20 Jui. 1983 p 3, cols 2-8 

f«US: / ^«aiEIEIfiL SfflHIHES/ «BSEER BDCKET HCDES/ ^«WIKHIN3 SEIES 

MINS: AIlGinJCnEN/ (KUD SUEKKT HJEEmoy SHE SEIH33GN 

8ffllDQ82*» ESIE 8 QflHIIff 16 84/07/00 20 BflGES UOASSEFIH) DOOIfta: DCMESEDC 

UnL: Eteiffi, fedbdcaticn and test of a nultipost fCC TPS oncept 

AUffl: AAEBB, G. L.; B/EUMN, C M. 

CDRP: tetioral ^fercnautics and Sjpaoe Adninistratlon. langlcy Beseardi Oaiter, Baiptcn, Vk. 

SAP: lindted ty UMl In its Advan. in TPS and Struct, fior Staoe TkaBportaticn ^^staiB p 489-508 (SE ffl4-KB56 
(B-16) 

CUD: INdED ^^w^ 

f«US: / i«Q«BCrMMOCN OCttOSnES^ ^ASIMRS/ «BUBfflE HEKT fflEELCmiy *SMCE SHJEIIES/ ^ITOMflL ttvilaJESW 

MDB: / HREOMWS TESIS/ RMHfflnm EFfflCE/ SDWHIB^ lESIOl OOTKIA/ THFMftL ONI^^ 

i»^ Author 

ABS: The desigi, feteLcatiai, and testing of a iniltlpost adinanced catbcn-carixn (AOC) thennal protectiai systan 
(US) oonoept are disoussed. The nultipost ACC 1X5 coioept uses AGO faoe sheets to protect FadcEgad filzajs 
iisiilaticii. The iCC is attadsd to the vehicle with nultiide standoff posts ttat aUw theniBl atpensian. A 

171 



nockl, re[xe9entins the intasBctJcn of four psnels, was fiaixicatod spedficaUy fior testii^ in the LangLey 
RsBEDxh Oaiter (JLsBC) Z^W tacatbessaL Arc UneL. It ^lBB l i is tiu iH i t a d with theanocxqples betmen the 
izsulaticn pedGagss to detesidne if hot gases wculd penetrate the cMedaffdiie: ediges of the design ocnoept. 
Mxx to the arc-jet tests, tiB ncdeL ^las testai in a ttiajnal vacum doAer at laBC to obtain a baseline 
theonal pesrfonnance with no airfkw. Ihe nofel desigi, testiiigi and test data ace disar-gyri as are plais fior a 
seoond-gEneraticn nultipost desigi aid test effioct. 

Bfsaasin tsse b oobifi 16 avoz/oo 16 h£es inxassihed wouwr Datsnc 

UnL: DteigHf fabcicatiGn and test of a sii^^L&ixst AX US cxnoept 

mmi A/EUN, T. J. 

GCBP: Ifational AEmeutics and Space Ahdnistiatlcn. lyndcn B. Jdnson S^Boe Gaiteti Hcu5tGn» Tex. 

SAP: Limited ty ID!R In VfSk. langb^ Research QEnt€r Mvau in IPS and Structures, fior Space T tansp o ita ticn 
S!/st3iB p 473-488 (9E y&^WaSb QB-16) 

1«US: / KSBH-CSBH COSOBHSS/ KUBSD mOS/ ^SHCE SUEIIES/ ^^SEEWL mJSSCnnH/ ^^TEIES 

MIN5: /CSttKBCS/ ME HMERfflUC/ UFE (EUUEDLin)/ BSSCEMNCE TESLS/ SSSISl WFECHM^SS/ ISFMAL EXBSOCN 

iBlix B.G. 

ABS: Ihe advsntages of ad^^ioed carbon-carbcn (fCC) systens gmet the USE IPS are pcesaited: ^o; is a more durahLe 
natedal tiai high-taqperature reusdde surface insulaticn (HRSI) with respect to iniBct and high teiiierature; 
tlie sJi^ile-post tjiestieaaed installation is laterally rigid, allous free thennal expensicn, and atteiBtes 
shock and cyclic loadings. Ifais installaticn uses insulative material as part of the suRxrt system; the 
overlappiiig ec]ge design provides fior ttymnl CKpensiai and eliminates ffp heatiiig and setter iiigesticn; 
mechsnical &tstefxijqg is used fior straigth, reliahility, axl reiCMafaility. Pn tCC oover protects the recessed 
fa s taiec; and ACC IPS daisities are eeGily tailored to suit widely varjdrig heatixs rates. 

8400379^ ISSUE 8 CSEIEI 16 84/07/00 13 BMXS UOASSmH) 000100* OCrGSEDC 
UnL: AOC IPS/structure anflications CMerviar 

max A/zsxKSts, e. a. 

ORP; BockueLlIhteQBtiicnalCbqp., Dmi^, Cklif. CSS: (SjpaaeTkaFcportaticnand ^^stansGteip.) 

SAP: limited ty TOR In NASA, langb^ RBsearch Qenter hSNSU in IPS and Struct, fior Space Itaansportation ^ystans 
p 433-M6 (as S4-1JQQS6 08-16) 

C3D: INEUDSIXIES 

HyS: /4QIHX^X3!EOGNaMQSIIBS/«n^ 

MDS: /HEGH IDfiRfflUC/ VBEtBE tEtSE WnmG/ SBfCBStFI TSSm/ SHUCIIBAL JJESOU OOnRIA/ IHBCLOGar 
UCmZSQEN 

ilBA: Aitfar 

IBBt Researcht developnEntf and testii^ of adt^anced carfaofKcarbon (AOC) systans haM pcooeeded sporadicBlly 
thraM^mt the aerosfBce industiy. Ihese i n depe n dent j^frii ts zBflfict ai indbsdy realization thE^ this 
DBtadlal will be a fiuilanental eloent in fiutture space applicatlcns. AX is tie chly efficient hot-^structuce 
BBterial with a laqg llfie Tiddi cenedns toMg^ and duEaUe at taifiescatures abcMe 2,500 F. Bdmvet, the low 
property allnwHhlfs of early carbcnorbon systens hove liadted its use to fspprlfic apTTWiB i y aipHcations. is 
a result of this lav voliine danand, the sjppfy of certain key ocnsHtUBits ws useUahLe. Ihe potential 
property iqproManEnts of AX systens inoease the probability of wider industry uriHgarlm and likeuise, 



ijmfiqgu atd the nBtedal sReUafaillty fioc the aeEaqpace industry. Che appcceth to acoeLeEate this pcQcess is tn 
daiOBtiate widEr tntHStEUCtuce utilizaticn by aFpLyirg near-tenn desdgp cxitcria to the ietta£it ad fU^^t 
testiif; of a hot stnictute en qaaticnal ndssicns of the ^ace 3uttle. 

aauBTe** isaE 8 oamiDr i6 saaji/qd 17 pa3es iniassieiid naMNr dmseic 

UnL: Catalytic heatiis studies fcr DEtallic IIS 

mSBi A/3BNI, R. T.; B/WXD, G. M.; C/BBON, R. D.; IVIKHBCH, B. R.; WtUm, G.; F/MIIUR, I. M.; 
G/HKT, R. F. 

WAt iy(Oild Dcminiai Udv.); E/(Qld Dcndnicnlhiv.) 

OFP: fetioHl tenrautics and S^aoe i^ninistraticn. laigLEy Research GEnta:, ftnptcn, \fe. 

SMP: Undted ly ID« In its Ahai. In IPS aii Stnct. for S^aoe Ttaispartatim ^staiB p 381-398 (SE 284-10356 
08-16) 

CEO: UO]B)SIiKIES 

(ftjs: / ^cfflacrac tamn/ *eEtsisnin tmzsis/ *ffi«r ssmmc/ *SEflCE ajruES / ^seovl nuuudwi 

MINS: /AEHOOManaV QOCRMaHB/ (HWMKS/ MIMUZWy NEIBDGaV HEFCRWCE TESES 

OAi B.V. 

iSS: Tte catalytic hmtii« aqjoiuHit oi the second Spacs 3xittlB fli^t verified that the thennal protectim tUes 
are niwatalytic to rexjittratlon of dissociated air. As a result peak surface tanjeratures are sxistantialLy 
reducBd fran thHr value for equUlbrlun fkw. These reduced taipaatures are baiefidal to the ceranic heat 
ddeld ai tite 3iittle. Efawewe:, a q^nrilar taipeaature reducticn for metallic heat shield airfiaoes can neke the 
diffioaJOB betwem fieasibmty axi ixn-fieasihillty of such a thanrea protectian systan. Therefore, the 
developimt of mwatalytic surfaoes is vital to the use of nEtallic heat shield en future trai^Joctaticn 
vdddffi. Tte otrjective of tWs research is to acrniire the basic vnierstsndirg naadad to get ncn-c atalyti c 
heat *iekb. The sffroadi used in tihls pccfject ws to first develop the catalytic paJUumue recpjiraiHit. 
The goal of this reEjuiraiBit definition effort was to provide guidanoe to oaterials research and devekpent. 
Ttei ai inaratus vbb dewdoped to nBasure the catalytic activity of the surface. The intait is to ccnfim 
labocatocy results with arc-tmeL tests. 

84KUB7S*# TicsiR 8 QOHZR; 16 84/07/00 20 2tCES UCLASSIFIED lXaiW£ OQCSnC 

unL: ttectenical/raUative palJumHiLe of Rene 41 in IPS afplicatian 

AUffl: A/O/IK, R. K.; BA^ G. L.; C/IEIE5, G. A. EftA: C/^aitrai Intern.) 

OBP: Kiticnal AaxnutiLcs and Sjpace Adidnistratlai. Lat^L^ Research Caiter, Henptcn, \^ 

SAP: Undted ly ID» In its Aivai. in TIB and Struct, for Space Ttansportatioj Sb®tHiB p 361-380 (SE 384-10356 
08-16) 

Cnh U1EIH)SEKIES 

YBtGt /Fmaatnav lamw^ ?ttas/ SBKZTBti^iAiaMm sssBV shuhbal/nslsses 
ms B.V. 

' iSS: The netaUlc heat sMeki ccnoept is being studied for the raUatively cooled theonal protecticn systsn (TIS) 
for advoKsed reusable «ip*^ trasportaticn ^ysten vEfaLdes and lyperaonic airctaft. radoel-faBse snwallf ys 
tame beoi tls fixus of strcng interest for heat sideild anplicatieiB because of their high taqscatixe strength 
ad oddaticn resistaxs and because of their potential for fiormiiig M^MnlttanQe oddes on csqxaxe to 

173 



elevatBd taqpecatuce. HiLs py ** pcesaits results fcan aa odi e nnal and £atigje tests of flis^tweic^t Rae 41 
perals ihich delEine the residBl medianiGal and metalliiigical chsracteristics of Bare 41 after exposuce to 
sinulatBd ITS secvioe oonditiGns. IMs paper also pcesaits results that define the enlttanQe and diardstry 
characteristics of Bae 41 after lo^tliie eqposure to IFS coiditiais. 

SmESim ISSLE 8 QOHZEff 16 84/07/00 16 P/GES IKI^^SSIFIQ) DOOICNr DCMESHC 

UriL: Aerothesrol a:sdrcnnait of an apparatiB fix testii^ curved IFS ocncepts 

max A/AUEEOHN, & V. 

OQBP: tfatdcnal AaccnautLcs and Space Mdnistraticn. la^gL^ Research Centar, Banptcn, Vau 

SAP: Limited by IDR In its iklvan. in TFS and Struct, for Sjpaoe 'D3:spQrtatiai S^rstaiB p 345-360 (SB ffi4-10SS6 
08-16) 

(30: INCIH) SBQES 

t«us: / vtok Bfss/ -^fia/ msiRiHjntry ^^ESSPOEWiXE issss/ ^^rastKL mnEcrBH/ * laRfxnHES 

HIN5: /ifOE GF AED£K/ OlflJIER BEOXmS/ FIUID UimmS/ HBKT FESESIM* ALUKS/ UFEIN; BGCKES/ NIIMDEEUSItKES 
HIKEECN 

PBki yiuthor 

iBSt Generalized test apparatus are used in tie I^ngL^ 8-Foot lii^Taipecatuce Hmel as test beds for detailed 
flov studies and Ihasnal Itotecticn ^ystsn OPS) conoept e^fiduations* Etevious aerotheoiBl testit^ has been 
limited primarily to t»o-<]imEnsicnal fkv fields vhich are obtained using tie tMo-dincnsicnal (2-D) panel 
holder, lb extail test r^HUHgg to three dimaisiafBl flov fields^ in \iiidi large surfaoe pressure and 
haatii^GH^te gcadiaits are pcesait at large angles of attack, a generalized test apparatus represaitati^^ of 
tic forvBnl puL'tion of a liftiiTg boc^ yaB desi^ied. Ihis appatatusi refiEned to as the curved surfaoe test 
apparatus {CS£k) vill be used for three dimsnsiGnal Qm studies and IPS evaluations. In sL|:port of these 
future e£fiortSt an €9q»±nEntal data base ccnsistins of baseline surfaoe pressure ad oold-uall haatingHate 
distrifautiais wb obtained for the CSDL Ihis data base vill also be used to €R/aluate several QCRfutaticnal 
fluid (itynanLcs (OFD) codes. 

BOaaSTm ISSUB 8 OOHZICr 16 84A)7/00 26 EMGE5 UOASSIEIED DOCUCNr OCtGSnC 

UEIL: ^ferifLcatlcn tests of atenoed nultiwall and prepadcEeed metaUic TFS 

MBEx A/SmiHlt J* L.; BAEEB, 6. L.; OTEffillC, V. L. 

BAA: (yQ«S^ KamV Sjpaoe GEnter) 

CCBP: tbticnal ^ercnautics and Sjpaoe ^didnistxatiGn. lanf^ Research Qaita:, Haiptcn, %• 

SAP: limited ty WR In its Advan. in US and Struct, for Sjpaoe T tans po t taticn ^^stens p 30B-32B (SE S4-1CQ56 
08-16) 

MINS: /SftT FESCSEUNT ALUnS/ SttDHES STOUCHFES/ VIBMEHN^ WIN) TiRtL TESTS 

tBkt Aithor 

iSSs Utaxhni nultiyall and s^xrallcy honq^ccni) TFS ocncepts he^e been developed to provide themal protection for 
future space transportaticn systsas for application at suc£aoe tenpeatures betDsen 700 F and 200O P. Ihe 
niltiiAll omcffpt ccnslsts of lag/ets of dinplfld tiLtadun foil ootnected togethar dinpLe-to-diiipLef and the 
stfietallcy hcneyoonb ocnoept oosists of ai outer Inconel 617 honQ^ocni) sandtdchy filixus insulationy axi an 

174 



iiner dtaikin l uiy oiiij sandwich. Die edges of each oonoept ace oc^^Eed with beaded doGures, ths fonidicc 
dLscretB penels rrndjially 12 indies square. Ihis paper redeus MEcLficaticn tests aimad at establl^iirs a 
limited ckta base fran xWch die desiggs of future aitry vehicles can evaluate the appilica biH ty of these 
oorepts to tteir vdrLdes. Ptelinrinary results fran theaanal, wind tunel, vihtaticn, acoustic, water 
absGcpticn, aid li^tmr^ strike tests are pcesaited* 

84nflS71*# ISaE 8 QaHUff 16 84/O7/00 41 MIS UOASSIEIED DOOMNT DOESEIC 

UriL: Manufacturiiig eqperiaioes for advanced nultivall aid prepackaBad metallic TPS 

mm: A/BLAIR, V. 

OEP: Itahr Iixtetrte, Inc., Quia Vista, caif . CSS: (Research ari EtevekpiHit EkiginBering Wv.) 

SAP: Limited ty WR In NftSA. laTglqr Itesearch Center Aivai. in TPS aid Struct, for SpacB Transportatiai ^^cns 
p 261-302 (SE 3»Hia356 08-16) 

CH): IMEED SHOES 

HUB: / OMUIER IBDGRWS/ FtEEOCSnOV SftDHKH SIHUCnJPES/ SHUaUWL iSNftLKCS / THFMfiL ONXEnvnY 
ISk: B.V. 

MBSi A titadun nulttwall panel ws designed aid fabricated fer areas of a reusable space vddde ^here re-Ofitry 
teipaatures ra«e betweai 450 K (350 F) and 811 K (1000 F). A .siypmllfy titauim silica sandwich paiel ^as 
desigpad ari fehricated for areas ^tere tte re-aitry tenpeEatures rapga between 811 K (1000 F) and 1366 K (2000 
F). A naterial survi^ vos coriucted. Oaiputer structural ari thermal aialyses were peiformad. The materials 
vttB checked for anittance. S^aecimaris \jere tested for elcpgaticn, yield, and ultimate strength. Sandwich 
speciirere were tested in flatwise face tension, ccnptessiai, and beem fLesoire. These tests ve?B ocnducted at 
roan ari elevated tenpeEatures. Pressure and thennal ooiductivity tests were perfomBd on fullHsi2e panels. 
In this paper, cnLy the desigi ari nenu&cturii^g experiences will be discussed. 

84aa36e*# ISSLE 8 OaHIIOr 16 84/07/00 14 BflGES IKIASSIEIED DOCLMENT DMSnC 

uriL: FLexihle thexnaL prptectlcn materials 

fiSBi A/SOH), P. H. 

OBP: tfatioBl taxxBiStics erd ^^«^ Ahdnistraticn. kaes Besearch C^ter, Moffiett Field, Cklif . 

SfiP: lindted tylBRIhrftSA. Ia:?fL^ Research OEnter Advan. in TPS and Struct, for Staoe Tisnsportaticn systais 
p 179^192 (SEE J»i-1D356 08-16) 

QD! INTEED ^tfH?; 

HfUS: / HSBtMSS/ -^tOdCHnSW mJEXMUH/ ^JtBUSnOS/ 'WBUEfflLE SKT SHimiDG / -ffJSBVL HCOBCIIEN 

MD6: /AUMHIf BCBGN COtOBHSS/ KKN aMONS/ FEUS/ SIUiQCN Cffi&ms/ IHN5 

/BA: Ajthor 

iSS: Tte fdrication of advsnoad fl^ yjWo cecamic TPS naterials is described ari sane acocnplifiinEnts are 
stimarized. Ibe of alunirobccosilicate fabrics and tfaceads as the outer surface for flgrible TPS is feasible 
aoQOcdixc to tlBse pcelimiiBry fabrication studies* Qreater sUmtti i retentiafi at hi£^ tsipecature appears 
pyy^Mp with this ^lagg of QEEanic yams. Three-dimaEdcnal ^x^^i structures fran silica yam were fabricated 
ari r^ults of a preliminary aeroaoaustic screaiing test in the Anes 2- ly 2-foot tcanscnic wind tunel were 
obtainoi. MliticrBl fabricaticn studies of three^limensicnal core structures using aluninobooQsilLcate and 
sUiccn carbide yams are inder wf^ urlUzing ^«ied core gecnctry construction with both rigid ari flwrible 
ooanic fiUecs. This seoiri generaticn naterial is dasigBted as tailrrahli* ad«ioBd blanket insulatiGn. 

175 



8«ia35e *# ISa E 8 OOHXIGriB BFH : NASA^-2315 1^15790 N(fi 1.55:2315 84/07/0) 516 B^ IHXi^SSIEIED DOOMNT 

mesne 

UnL: Adkoices in TPS ad Structures for S^ace 'Kansportatiai ^^stens 

MM: A/mU, H* N.; E^CHBOCR, J. E. Bff: A/ocop.; B/oJip. 

GQRP: tfatioBl ^^ctoautics and S^aoe AlninistratiGn. la^^L^ Regearth Qaiter, Haiptait ^^ 

SAP: Ufldted ly lESl 

QD: INHH) SDOES; ^np. hsLLd in ftnptcn, ^^i 13-15 Dae. 1983 

HMS: / ^^OfSBCES/ "«€»££ 9UniE CBEEIERS/ "f^S&a HUNSaaKCBCN SSSaXH/ * SEHCHBAFT SDUCIIBeS/ ^tOBERttL 

HomcnicN 

MIt5: / AEKIIHEFHIHNmiCS/ GSQCN-QlieCN (DIFOSnES/ (HUMECS/ (XMBMIE SIRJCHBES/ VEEfiS/ SEBUCHSAL QGDEERDG 

/MI: Fli^t esqjerieices with the S^Boe 3ixttle ocUter flgnHl pcotectiai systan are described aid e^Quated, aid 
xeseBDxh on na/ concepts in metallici ceranrtc, ad advanced carixnorbcn US ad structUDes is pcesaited. 
Ah^nced and altenate coifiguzatiGns and ndssions for nact-genecatlGn apace transportatiGn systems and issues 
and tednology nseris are discussed. 

84G2SQ&^ ISSUE 22 R!GE 3S54 QOHZRr 26 RPI«: IttS/WD^86293 NAS Aa.l5:86293 M.84-176B SVGBAX) 9 mSS 
Udi^SSCFIH) nXUCNT 

UriL: Bespcnse of Ihoonel 617 .siypranry to oj i iilnBd groid-based and SES lemtxy esqxBure 

MBx MUWi, R. K.; BANm, J.' PM: B/(ikBlytical Sacvice and Materials, Inc., Tabb, \^) 

CORP: ^bticnal /lesxnsutics ad Space Acfainistzariai. la^^ Research Oanta:, Hanptcn, \^ AVAIL.NIIS 

SAP: BCPCOAVfCa. 

OD: INDED SDOES; EDesEntied at te 19tli Theaafa^. Gcnf., axMBSS, aoilo.| 25-28 Jin. 1984 

WJSx /^AffifflCSlSKNrALIOS&y ^«BSlBf^^ 

MD6: /aWSS/ BBIWXE/ ENKIBCNCNr EBFS3S/ ffiff SOUIDC/ CnDKOEl^ HEB^L EHnSXIEN 

iBta Artto: 

iSS: IhoGnaL 617 is a nickel-based SLfaallcy ^Idch is beb^ Gonsideced fix heat-^fihLeld afpLicatUiB because of its 
his^teniieEature strenEtht good CDddlaticxi resistance and hig^ cmLttaue of CKidiaed surfaces, \tiile the 
effiects of siinilated iBentry oxdltlons on endttance ad (xidation of Ihocnel 617 hove beoi studied, the 
GcnUned effiects of the gromd-based envinnnait with soa salt exposure and the reEntry erRdrEiiDEnt \iBNe not 
bean ealmtBi. Bfserijnental results are [resented to ^aa the effects of cnvironnental similaticii indudii^ 
graid4Bsed and reentry exposure on the anittenoe and oDddaticn of Ihoonel 617. SjpecisBis ware exposed to 
sinutated reentry at a surfiaoe tenpetature of 2000 F in the la^^ ncaeard i Gaiter ^/peacscnic Materials 
Awircnnecital Itest ^sten (EBt£IS) fkdlity with and vitixut alteoBte exposures to an atnospheric seadioce 
axdxmnent or a labocatoiy sea salt endimnent. Ihis paper pcesaits endttaicey mass loss, (xide chanistryy 
ad alley oonpositicn data fibr the specimens. 

84Q4709K ISSg 15 BflCE 22B4 GMHIRr 20 RPg; i»>^a39903 AEREL-m«3^S9 CNTft: AFHQJ. 5730 84ACAX) 118 ttCES 
UQASSinH) DOOlBir 

UEIL: Loif-oost insulator 

nSP: Final Report, Ncpv. 19Bl-RGb. 1984 

176 



ilUIH: A/TOGCAND, E. B. 

OEP: Air Rxae Bodoet ftapulsicn lab.^ Bduards AFB, rhUf. ifiiULjais 

SAP: BCPCe/VPiCl 

QD: IMEEED ynvyTTR 

MyS: / '^ffiLffllVE ^«mR£AlS/ ^^TOERttL GCNQCL OXUNS/ ^^aORML HSIACDI^ * IHERML RUIECEnil 

HD6: / CHBN^ OmDSIXM ICSIS1ME/ OION;/ £H]5^ LDV 

GO^ rtONIENIME/' FOUCEBED ALUflNJH/ S«OE/ SELDON OKSaiE/ SOLID HCEQimT BOCKEX EGNSS/ SOLID 
HOQUNES 

ABS: Ablati\« materials pcotBct aeioly i Mui c surfacBS, propuMcn structures, aid gromd equipment &an the very high 
tenperatures ad the velocity of the fpses in the ediaust. Ihis paper describes Gucrcnt effiorts to evaluate an 
ablative ooatiiig based on a lo^Msost poljnEr aid a lo^f-cxst filler* Ihe objective Mas to deveLop a lov-cost, 
ablatLve/insulatiiiS material for toutine afplicaticn to protect oostly test facilities. BcperinBits were 
ocnducted at the AEBEL usdi^ the staxlard 13-paund BnTlligric Test and &;aluaticn ^stan (BfflES) solid 
pcqsLIait rcxioet motacs cxntaining aluniniggad pccpellaits. Ihis type of pDcpeUait pcoduoes ai erosive 
edeust gas \iiich is the best ocndition for e^luatircr the ablative ooatibfig fiomilatiais. Other motocs \«re 
also used for evaluaticn purposes, such as Beaodoeeper Stages I, 11, and HI; Siort-Ia^gth Slj|3er Eiigh Internal 
ftessure-ftodicing Qrifioe (HEETO); Sufser BfflES; aid die SIS-5 Sjpace SuttiLe lanch. Ablative saiples were 
tested, €raluated, aid o cn iaial to QcrnnerciaUy available ablative materials uxkr the same ocnditiais. It \es 
found that the IcKMXst ablative/insulatiis materials withstood tie hi^ tenperature otsust as wll as, or 
better than, the ocmnerdally avaiMde ablative pnducts. Using the best caxlldate, the Inw-Cbst Insulatar in 
the cnB-^allon ndx, oost apprcBdmately $13.CD omiHied to $147.00 for die same amcuit of the Qannercially 
awailahip ablative naterial* Ihe AFRFL ablative material can be pn ¥> MLj»:ju! in the field for easy applicaticn 
ad the material cures at anMait tsiperature* 

84M70^ ISSIE 23 KGE 3403 CfflHUOf 37 RPH: A9C EttEER »M3-292 (Ml: MC3-164 Nia-27 84A)6AX) 5 PA2S 
UCLASSIFIED DOCUENT 

UITL: Acoustic edssicn e/aluatioi of plaana-Gpcayad thernal barrier cxHtiiss 

tiinb A/EBNIT, C C 

BAA; A/(mSA, Levis Besearch Gaiter, Cleveland, (H) 

OEP: IbticxBl Aeroiautics and Sjpaoe Mninistraticn. lads Besearch Qenter, CLeMslaii, Chio. 

OD: INdH) SEfflES; Anerican Society of MBcfaaniGal B^ineecs, IhtematiaBl Gks Ibrfaine Oanference and Bddbit, 
29di, Ansterdan, Netherlands, Jine 4-7, 19B4. 5 p. 

MAJS: / -f^CJEHC EHESSECN^ ^tSBFCRUICE 1E5IS/ ^^IIAa*^ SEBAQ^ CCNIBOL ODffllNGS/ 

mSi / ACffiSDQN TSSSS/ CHUMIC QXCNS/ FADIBB iMIOSIS/ lEEfL (JXnNS/ TEER/lfL C3CLDG W=^ 

atiz ksthx 

ABS: Aooustic enissiGn techniques haw reoaitly been used in a ruiter of studies to investigate the petlUuaiue and 
fiadlure behavior of piassBspcs^ thennal barrier coatings. Ekllure of the coating is a oaqplec p h a xn HH t 
especially ^tax the oc np osite nature of the coating is consideted in die light of possibTe fadlure mectadans. 
Ihis it can be expected that both the metal and cetanlc coopxients (l«e., the bond coat aid cecaidc overlay) of 
a ooiinsite thermal protecticn systan influence die macroscopic behandor and perfioraenoe of tie coating- He 
aim of the present ycKk is to sunnEirize the 'state-of-the-art' in »gn«F of this initial ^ok anl indicate \iiBEe 
future pcogress we^ be node* 

177 



84M2651 ESE 20 Hffi 2B71 CHHaaDr 26 aVOO/OO 371 HGES UOASSIEIH) DOOMNT 
UriL: Hi^teifjaatuEe protBctisre ooatduBs; PtocjaBdingp of the ^ninsiun, At2aita, GA, March 7, 8, 1983 
mOs A/SnCffiU S. a IMA: A/Q/estir^ase Research and DeveLopnmt Oaiter, PittsiwtsJi, ?k) EKT: A/ED. 
SAP: MaiisES, $3Z.; miuaii ae r s, $S) 

OD: IMIH) SMES; ^infjosiuii spcreorad ly the MetaDutgical Society of ADE aid Anericm Sodety &r "e^- 
toiBxae, B(CmbSjS«1 Society of ADB, 1964, 371 p. Fx irdividBlitaiB see ifflM2fi52 to ifflM2668. 

mB:/ ^CDMHOIES/ *aBff reSOXOT AUDE/ *aOT OCiKBiaV ^tGISL Olffl^ *IKIIHIKE 

* CDfflnNS/ 'VimHfiL cooia. ooaniGS 

MIIB-/ AlIMNH AIIXJB/CBR«1ICamN3S/(HafflMim)5GS/aBAIlALl£8^ OCraDGIEN TESTS/ 

* H«IKN®naLTESB/G/BTIIHINEaaMS/NinCEL ALLOTS/ H^ 

iSA: 0.C 

iffiS: The pcraoit uiifjaa ioe aaEddecs gas tucbdne airfadl pcotectlMe oaadrf^ deinsitiBd ly electxcn been [iysical 
MBBor dqnsitlon, \B|Jor {tese almdnlzaticn, and lasar-traatBd pilasia spaying, as ^ell as intenliffiBicn 
effiBcts <n odiktiai/iesistait ooatings fix advaxed singlfi crystal stperaHoBis, aocustlc eirissdais firm adde 
aaddic durii^ aQlty addatdm, end the optdndzation of Mi alley coating Qon|jositiais for marine g^ 
tutbtoes. Also disossad are tte ndcrostructuial chaBacterlzaticn of a sa:vio&«posed, QOtia owday 
Goatiic, tie coraosim feUuce of a ^b turtiijne aluidnide coating, steels with aluidnized coatinep, OP-S IC 
ooatii^ for aaaidc hat eafangBr tubes, the degradation of caandc thEsaral barrier ooatinep, and the erosdoi 
of hard metal ooatingS' 

84AA192B ISSUE 20 IW2 2862 QflHIKr 18 83AXV00 lOZ PAE5 INlASSmUD DXIMNr 
UriL: Iteviev of GenEn wait on ocntroUed re-entry tedmlQey 
MBs AAXESr, tf. 

2fAi A/(DaitsAe ftodu^s- und VeEsuchsanstaLt fiuar lufturi Haunfiahrt, Institut fijer BqperiranteLIfi 
StroaiuiBEnBchaiikt GoettinBait Vest Geaav) 

ODs (SMNr,F&&tAL. FHIHJC CF; ftegcess in i^Eoepace Sdares (Bai (B76-0421), vol. 20, no. 4, lS83t P« 
217-318. 

HDIEZIIN/ ^«U]N) KNH. 1E5IS 

MDB: / taaxtmc samin/ anunR HoawB/BSEHSMEWDO'nNBS/ upedg bcdies/ raHORr ammc/ 
suEQSNC FuiH/ iB^iractac vno iiKHs / viscns 

ilBA: TX 

iffiS: The milts of studis en lypascnic aexodbmaidcs and reentiy Xsdrdkef carried oit ty HG aeroqace flniB, 
gfmnmA institutiaB, ad inivosity iistitutes fixm the b«gindng of the Ibtioal Sjpaoe Ftopam in 1962 
ttco;^ the ad of Us artivitles of the Arfaeltsgcuppe Rjeckkehrtednaikgie in 1975 ace aniBriaed and 
illustrated with jjtatcffa^f dxauings, graphs, and diapans. Ihe a ero t waic pcofailanB of oo ntroille d reoitry 
are «tt« n««*<} tls acnpite: pccgcaiB devekped to desiffi teoitiy-boc^ aonfigiBatiaB are desc ri bed ; and 
pcddflB in lyparvelodty loiwknsity flw, aerafemBmic heat trasfia:, ail the dasiffi of heat-pcotectiai 
systos are oasidaed. ttm devekpnait of the \ariauB test oonfigucatiaB is tiaoed, ad vind-tuid and 
fre&-flj^ data are presaited. 

84A3749&H^ I5SUB 17 mZ 2^ QaHHV 27 BFHh AIM EftlER 84-1770 84/06/00 ID BflEES UdA&UKllfl) COCUfNT 
UnL: m ^ tai|cxatu3e paiiuuimuB of fladbiLe tissmal pcotectian materials 

178 



Jtjm: A/SWXE, R. T.; B/IDJE^ V.; G/PlfKI?nffR, F. 

BtA: A/(Edeix« i^ccGpaoe CbM Seattle, \lk)i E/(NAS^ Anes Besearch Qaater, VbifBtt Field, Ck); C/iQooi/eBC 
Aspospaoe Qscp. , i^kroi, OH) 

CTEP: Boeirg PaoBpxB Ob., Settle, VfeA.; tetknal Aercnaitics aii S^aoe Mninistratlcn. Anes Researdi Oaiter, 
Moffiett Field, CfeQlf.; Gocxtyear Asapospace Cbrp., Akroi, Chio. 

CE): INEIH) SKIES; Anadcan IiBtitute of toxnaitics and Astroraitics, Thennciiysics Qnfieraice, 19th, SiCMnass, 
CD, Jire 25-2B, 1984. ID p. 

M(US: / ^<I1WECIIVE ffiST TR»EFER/ ^MOCS/ ^^HEOBIE SPiCEOWFiy -^WS. TMBRffME TESTS/ *IffiPMftL HOIBCEICN 

MDB: / iffiRDftSSBiy FEUS^ EIEEPa^ ffiff FUB^ CBBET TIWCFER ^ttHCOES/ RBUSffllE HEff fflElIHNy SEAQIKEKN HESSLEE/ 

iffiA: Aithor 

ABS: itecD axivective tests of seveal fladble thennal pcotectlcn ^ystan (FOB) concepts wane oxriucted in the NftSA 
ktBS Iteeardi G^ter 20 W arcjet aeco heating wind tumL. Ihe ocncepts ccnsisted o£ quilted inadaticn 
UaioBts vith next nicakn Hbrlcs. The spedmans \«e subjected to onvective heat fliwes rangiiig &an 7 to 
35 Btu/per sq ft per sec at stagHtion pressures of .006 to *(V atm. fY^""^was tested bptii with ari 
without trsrepiratlai ooolii^. Rsults indicated Aat both te nactel and nicaloi fehclcs offier the potaitial 
for hi^^- teipaature applications than offrent FUB, aid nicalcn appe ar s to be cap-rfile of withstandixig 
tepaatures vieU above 2S0O degrees F with ndninBl d^gtadation. 

84A37494*# ISSUE 17 RCE 2456 CfflBGCTO 26 RPr»: AIM BftEHl 8^1768 84/06/00 8 EfiGES INIASSIEIBD DOOMNT 

UnL: Itesponse of Ihccnel 617 siperaLloy to caAdned grand-based and SIS reaitry eqwaire 

AM: A/OAK, R. K.; B/IMIAM, J. 

IM: A/(l*SA, Is^jsy Itegeardi Off;tsr, teiptai,VA); B/(Aialytical Services and Materials, Inc., Tab, VA) 

aSPi feticral i^xxHutics aid Stace Ahdnistratlai. laigL^ Pesearch OEnter, ftnpten, \feu; Aalytical Services aid 
Matterials, Inc., Ihbb, ^fau 

CH): INdBD SMES; Anerican Institute of toxnautics aii AstroBUtics, Thennophysic GcnfietBicB, 19th, SfXMBSS, 
CD, JuiB 25-28, 1984. 8 p. 

j«us: / mwnamafL tesss/ ^^ffiff FESisMir ailms/ ^aoErascNic f^or? *iaR«L HOEBcnEN 

MDB: /aUTIMCE/ DOa®- (JMBim:)/ ooDiami^esiSEt^ sboral 

wsnn 

tBfc Ajthor 

tB5i Ihcmal 617 is a nidoal-based superaUry Odch is being oonstderad for heat-^iield appUcatiois becajse of its 
M^teipecEitUDe strei^th, good oKldation resistance and hig^ eidttanoe of ODddisod sur&oes. Utile the 
effects of sinidatBd reaitry ocixiiticns on anittancae and addaticn of tonel 617 hwe beai studied, the 
coiUisd effects of tis groml-beGed cndnnnait with sea salt eqiosure ad the reentry envirofinait hsR« not 
beoi evaoBted. Bqsedocntal csjlts are pcesaited to ^tm the effects of environnoital sinulatlm including 
gronl-based anl reentry ecposure on the codttanoe end coddadcn of Ihoonel 617. S^sdmais wee CKposed o 
?ipiiiat«H reoitry at a surface tenpecature o 200O F in the Ufrgii^ Research Gaiter ^perscnic Materials 
aiviraiiBital Dest ^stan (HSFQS) Itedlity with and without alternate esqposures to an atnospheric seashore 
environait or a labxatory sea salt ovdrcniait. Ifais paper presents enittanGe, mass loss, oxide chendstry, 
and alley Qcnposition data for the specioBis. 

84A37493Mf ISSIE 17 IW2 2439 CfflHIFY 18 RPTIh AIM MTO 84-1767 84/06/0) U EfiGES lIOASSIHe) OXl^^ 

UnL: VerificatLcn tests of durable IPS ocncepts 

179 



MSSk A/SBSmm, J. L.; B/\EBf G. L.; C/EITIHm, C M. 

BAA: C/Q»&^ Laigl^ Research Osnter, Loads and i^ecoeLlastLcity Edv., Hanptcn, VA) 

aSP: tfadonal AenxEUtics and Sjpaae AhdnistiatiGn. iBngiey Research Genter, Knptxn, Va* 

CDO: INdH) SI^aES; AnerLcan Institute of AercnEUtics and itetrcnauticst Iheonoiii^cs Cb nfi Ea;ame, 19thy SfimiBss, 
CD, Jine 25-2B, 1984, 11 p. 

wjsi / ^wa BBSESDwr Aums/ ^^fixEsiifi sraxniFES/ -^iBsmE ma smmc/ ^^sme TsamFsxcsw ^vimvM. 

EHnBCnCN 

MDC: /imEdC tCASUEeCNI/ AEBCOmMIKNAMIICS/ AIMDGEHERIC ELBCIKIOT!/ OSSOi-CSBEaH OGMEQSEIES/EmiKNOniNL 
lESES/ INHCL CIBADEMHQ/ TEIMIM^ VACULH TSSES/ VISfflEN TESTS 

SAx Author 

ABS: Titaniiin nuLttoll^ sjpeaoaUjjy hcnE-yoonb, aid Advanced Quixn-Carfacn (AOC) nuLtipost Iheonal ItotBcticn ^^sten 
(IPS) ocncepts are beips developed to pccvlde ducahLe pcotectiai fior sut&ces of future spaoe transportation 
sjystans. VeriflGaticn tests indudii^ thenna!, vihatian, acoustic, \mXsc absorptiai, li^tnii^ strike, and 
aeroteraaL tests are described. Preliminary results indicate that the three US ooncepts are viable tp to a 
surface tsqperature in eKcess of 2300 F. 

8aC3262*# ISSUE 14 RCE 1907 oaHUff 18 RPIf: ^BSfc-CR.3548 MB 1.26:3548 SIS-81-0B4^1 CN»: NftSl-16302 82/04/00 
66 EKGBS UGASSraED DOOMNT 

UTIL: Pn essessment of altenate thesnaL protecttcn sj^stsns fior the S^Bce Shuttle arbiter, vdhne 1 HJSP: Final 
BoBCUtiMe Sunnary 

asm: A/mYS, D. ' 

OBP: Rxkuell IhtematiGnal Gocp., Ddun^, C^lif. AVAIL.NIIS 

SAP: HCADVMFAOL 

OD: UNnSDSDOES; \ia^di«tan NASA 

HD6: / OOSr iKVOSIS/ HQJBCT VURWS/ SEMZSAFT EESEl^ SDUCIlBtt. EESDGN (SDEEOA/ 1ECHII0GY ASEESaCNiy 

TsmvLTHBusnan 
m^ S.L. 

IBSi Alternate thermal protectUxi system (IPS) oonoepts to the S^Bce Suttle Okfaiter were assessed. Metallic, 
ablator, ad carbcx>-carbon ccnoepts \iiich ate tiie result of seme ptBdous desdgi, msnifactutljng and testLps 
effiort vexB ccnsideced. Bqphasis yaB placed oi iiqproved IPS durafadlity, vhich could poteitially reduce life 
cycle costs and iii{xx]Me Gkfaiter cperatiafTal characteristics* IhtBgrated oonoept/orbiter point desigis wae 
gEnecaited and analyzed en the basis of Sixttle desiffi cndrcnnents and criteria* A merit fincticn efflliHticn 
methodolcsr based en missiai iii|Bct, life cycle costs, axi risk wb dEMeLoped to oonpare the candidate cxnoepts 
and to idmtify the best altenate* \feids and deEideicies in the tednlcey were identified, akng with 
reoonnoxlBd activities to CMBrcome tlfin. Finally, prcgcaonatic plans, including RCH costs and schedules, were 
developed for all activities requized to faripg the selected altenate system up to opera t icnal readiness. 

82^0ia96A# ISSK 15 I»GE 2357 QOHZRr 16 BF^ AIAA BffiBl 82<^(B» 12B2A]&^ B!GE5 l^^ 

UnL: Assessment of altecBte thessnal pcotecticzi systans fior the S^Boe Suttle Qrbiter 

MUBx A/HBLUr, H. N.; BAQB, G. L. BAA: B/(NASA, la:^^ Research Gsnter, Loads and Aetoelasticity Dlv., 
Efaniytcn, MA) 

180 



OBP: ^htiGrBl Aesxnautics and Space AMnistraticii* lafigL^ Research Gaiter, HanptxHy Va. 

CE); IMESD SCtOSS; Anerican Institute o£ Aenraitics aid Astroiaudcs and kseadcan Society o£ Machanical 
BginFers, Joint Iheono^iQ^cSy FMds, Flasna and Heat Transfer QxrBsaooxBf 3rd, St. Louis, hD, Jme 7-11, 
1962, fSAA, 12 pagss 

WJSi / "^REUSABLE ECAT SMDINV -^fiE aJTHE CFBEIIFS/ ^^AZHEAFT ^EEUHNV ^ ISHUnS i^SSS^CNI/ 'VneMAL 
IBOIECrKN 

KINS: /Q«BCN-0«BCN (IMPOSnES/ CZBtfOiCS/ UFE OKIE GOGES/ TOES 

AEA: D.L.G. 

^ffiS: lladiiiGal aspects of the altenate thernal protectLoi systan CIFS) stuc^ fior the Siittle Ocfaiter are reviewed, 
and a status report on alterTBte IPS tedrxdcgy dEMslopnaits is pcessited. MLssicn in|Bct, life cycle costs 
and ri^, and selected candidate ocncepts are idaitLfied. Hie best system yodld ocnsist of mechaiLcally 
attached netallic and carfaGn-carfacn 1FS ocncepts enpLcyir^ a titaniun nuLtiiiiQll prepackaged concept at 
teiperatures belov 1000 F, a sipaallcy I m- y ujiL prepackaged ocnoept at teiperatuces betueai 1£XX)-1BOO F, and 
an advanced carbcn-carixn nuLtipoGt stan d o ff Qanoq)t abc7« 1800 F. ALtemative ocncepts offer significant 
inpxMEiiEnts in daability and are mass ccnpetitive >dth current ceramic tile reusable surface insulatiGn. 



181 



Hox S4 



Title: No Ordnance 



Operations Reqaireaent ; 

Eliminate all ordnance devices, 
additional criteria: 



See the following items for directly related 



54.1 Independent Weapon Destruct 

54.2 Laser Ignition 

54.3 Non-pyrotechnic Separation 

Hationale ; 

Eliminate all ordnance devices or provide ordnance which is inherently safe for 
handling purposes. Eliminate or drastically reduce "area clear" for ordnance. 

The following data are provided for processing of STS-31, orbiter Atlantis, 
S^chS SoiSber 26, 1985 (flight 23). Data source is the Shuttle II Data Base 
Development prepared by SPC sub-contractor Pan Am World Services, Inc. , dated 
_July 24, 1987. 



SHEDULED MAINTENANCE, SYSTEM 55, 
PYROTECHNICS/RANGE SAFETY 

OFF OPERATIONS 



TASK 

Technician 
Engineering 
Safety 
Quality 
PP&C 
Support 
Logistics 
Overhead 
Total 



MANHOURS 

292 
260 

23 
HI 

64 

540 

155 

123 

175S5 



NOTES 

1. This data for STS-31 only 

2. Review of OMI data indicates 292 technician 
manhours/64 clock hours for an average of 
4.56 technicians. 

3. Total MHs/technican MHs indicates a 
ratio of 5.37 for a total SPC headcount of 
24.5 supporting this function in the OFF. 

4. Landing operations dwell time 4 days 
OFF dwell time 27 days 
VAB dwell time 4 days 
FAD dwell time 15 days 

5. Orbiter Challenger was in parallel 
processing during this period. 



VAB INTEGRATION 



Technician HHRS 

ONI total time, hrs. 

Average number of techs. 

Ratio of total pyro MH/tech MH 

Total headcount supporting pyro for 38 hrs. 



242 
38 

6.37 

5.82 
37* (1,406 HHRS) 



PAD OPERATIONS 

Technican HHRS 2,244 

OMI total time, hrs. 3 J 

Average number of techs. f ^e 

Ratio of total pyro MH/tech MH „, ^^ 

Total headcount supporting pyro for 34 hrs. 373 



(12,682 MHRS) 



182 



OMI DEFINITION 

The following presentation of major pyrotechnic/range safety tasks is intended 
to provide further insight into the direct hands-on impact of those hazardous 
systems. The indirect impact (numerous "area-clear" periods) has not been 
quantified by this study, but is known to be highly significant. 

SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE 

OFF OPERATIONS 

TIME TECHS MHRS 



V5012 - Ordnance Installation and Checkout 

A. Pre-Operations-Pyro Flight Cable Installation 8 

This task prepares the orbiter for ordnance 
installation in the orbiter processing facility. 

B. Ground Support Equipment Cable Installation-Aft 8 

This task installs a ground support equipment cable 
assembly to support installation and electrical 
connection of pyrotechnic ordnance in the aft 
section of the orbiter. 



C. Install Aft Separation Nuts 

This task installs new separation nuts in the 
orbiter aft fuselage. 

D. Forward External Tank Fittings and Yoke 
Assembly Installation 

This task installs the external tank attach 
fittings and yoke assembly on the orbiter forward 
fuselage* 

E. Power Down Ordnance Installation and Electrical 
Connection 

This task installs and electrically connects 
orbiter ordnance. 

F. Power on Pyro Initiator Control Test 
Stand/Ground Support Installation 

This task installs ground support equipment as 
required to support pyro initiator control system 
testing. 

Totals 



16 



16 



8 



10 



16 



32 



128 



80 



32 



^55 



252 



183 



VAB INTBGRATON 



TIME TECH MHRS 



V5029 - Oribter Pyro Installation 24 153 

Installs and electrically connects Orbiter pyro 

separation devices in the VAB and at the Pads. A 

stray voltage tester is used during these 

operations. Pyrotechnic devices are installed to 

separate the external tank and umbilicals from the 

Orbiter in flight. This document also disconnects 

and removes pyro devices if necessary. 



V5027 - TSM Pyro Installation and Removal 3 19 

Procedures for pyrotechnic devices used at the 
mobile launch platform (MLP) tail service masts 
(TSM). They cover stray voltage checks^ the 
Installation and checkout of pyros, and the removal 
of expended pyros* 

T1099A - Connect ET Shuttle Range Safety System 1 6 
flight battery 

T1251A - ET tumble system checks 3 19 

S1015A - SRB Shuttle Range Safety System checks and 5 32 
safe/arm rotation 

T1499A - ET Shuttle Range Safety System stray 2 13 
voltage checks 

Totals: "35 252" 



PAD OPERATIONS 



TIME TECH MHRS 



S5009A - Ordnance Installation - Part lA 8 408 

S5009B - Ordnance Installation - Part IB 6 816 

S5009C - Final Ordnance Installation/Connection, 20 1,020 

Installs, electrically connects, and performs ^ 

resistance checks of Pyro Ground Support System 
devices which will be Installed at the Pad. 
Shuttle Safe *i- Arm (S&A) devices are electrically 
connected and circuit resistance checks 

performed . 

Totals: "35 17255 

Saaple Concept ; 

Eliminate explosive ignition devices : replace pyrotechnics with lasers. (See 
S4.2). 

Explosive release and separation devices : replace with electromechanical and 
Nltinol initiated devices. (See S4.3) 

Explosive range safety devices : eliminate by using military veapon systems to 
destroy errant vehicles. Use vehicle-borne beacon to assure identification and 
assist veapon. (See S4.1). 

184 



Technology Rcgulreaent ; 

Development only. 

Technology References ; 

NASA/RECON: 86X70834, 86N27356, 86A23512, 85N13959, 85A47011, 84A42759, 
82N72580, 82N19033, 80X73875 

C<mclu3lons : 

The above rationale shows that technicians supported mission STS-31 
pyrotechnics/range safety for a total of 2,778 MH. A maximum shuttle launch 
rate of 8 per year was achieved in PY85, indicating the possibiility of 22,224 
technician MHs per year for pyrotechnic support. The reference Pan Am data 
indicates the SPC apportioned ratio of total pyro MHs to tech MHs is S-J^- Jhis 
implies that total annual MH's in support of pyro/range safety is 22,224 x 5.64 
- 125,343 MHs or 60 many ears /year. 

Within limitations of the contract-wide headcount apportionment method, it 
appears possible that total elimination of pyrotechnic/range safety devices can 
reduce the shuttle-equivalent headcount by 60 persons. The ground processing 
timeline of 50 days would also conceivably benefit by recapture of the serial 
portion of the 163 total OMI operational hours noted above; i.e., perhaps as 
much as 1 day per flow. 



185 



86X70B34# QOHIIff 37 BFI»: lO^CBEOiSL mWaJIAO ^B^IMj^S^^T^ GCV 

AGSOES 

iniL: Ihe role of robotics in reticiis ecposuce to hazardous cnviroinEnts 

tiJBz A/raiG, V. 

aSP: Acny Missile Cbmnanl, Badstcne AcsaBl, Ala* CSS: (Structures Directocate.) 

fK: 00 

QD: t Nl'lH) SEMES 

MDS: / amvsnc onihi/ mmimiiftsnw/ eibchoc mcoicbs/ qmrnqos/ fieqi gpeks/ eibe ognibgi/ oim^ 

IGSUCE^ ^BBMEC^L EREVES/ HOUfflY (IHIfflTO B/ HILn»Y maOOS/ MDGS ((KN»QE)/ HOU^iat^ 
FBSnBQflaS/ RI9C/ lOlQSr BOGS/ SISOH EFFBCnVEtESS 

89073061^ ISSUE 18 ȣE 2B61 COSXEI 18 8S/12/0O 5 BAGES INUSSEFIED DOOlBir DOF B0QaO91 

UnL: Features of the solar arcsy drive medisnifin for the Sjpaoe Telesoope 

iOH: A/HSISKWP, R. G. 

GCRP: Dxnler4ledQe G«iiub.H., Ftiedridishafai (Vfest GeDnary). A\KILJQIS 

SAP: BC Al5/tP ^; ESA, £teis FF 150 or $18 Maiiser States, iV, CN, K) (^2X othas); In ESA Secml Buropeoi at! 
S^Bce Mechausis and mbolqey ^nposiun p lS-17 (SE rB&-273S3 18-18) 

QD: GEBMANir, FHXBAL BEHELDC CF 

MyS: / ^aiELE 9M£ fSHSCOPE/ ^mEtfOEfL mOES/ ^^OUR ^HIASS 

MIN5: / DKIA IBAtGOSSILN/ FIKilKii; FOHSl 'IIM^BIESSOQN^ NEEDCL ALKRS/ SSSIEMS EICIDEEBING/ HBCUB 

iNI: S^BOBCxaft medienisms; notocs and actuatccs; tribQikey; space staticns; and medienLsn analysis and testing 



mz ESA 

AB5: Ihe SoUar Ansy Edve Hechenlsm fix the Space IMmcnrp ^ descxibed. Rwr and signaL dansfier is acMcrad ty 
a flcKible wire haniess fix ^ixich the chosEn stduticn, oonslstiiv of IflB standard vires, is desoibed. Ihe 
toR{je perfiooiBnoe data of tfie harness CNec its tapeEatuie range is pcesented* Ihe off load stystan \tixh 
pcDtects die bearings fron die lainch loads is relessed ly a trifflpr made fican Itttinal, a manocy alloy. Ihe 
baiefits of manocy alley and the cawaats fix die desisi are discussed. Hie desigi of the off load is outlined 
and test cxpedaioe ityuttbd . 

86A23612ISSX9I»S116BGnBaEr20BFFIN Sffi BffBl 8S1322 Hffi/0f7/OO 6 (£S IKIASSIFIQ^ 
UTIL: SpBCB anplicatiais of Nltinol haat engjmes 

MSBx MSmSBHA, JL H., JEL; B/GADT, E. C; C/taOOaSj J. L., JR.; IMSSLK, B. R., JL IMA: A/(Lt36 
Aladtos Hifi^ School, Cl^); D^(McDnieU Domb^ ^txcnau^ 

QD: wnH} SCKIES; AIAA, SAE, ASC, ADQC, and A9i^ Ihtecsodety GDnfieEcnoe on Biviiancntal S^nstaiB, ISth, Sm 
FtandscOf QW July 15-17, 1985. 6 p. 

MAIS:/ ^BCEGT OCri^BSDat^ ^NXINl. AUJQIS/ ^^G^ 3IPUSS/ 

^ASBKHBAFT FCftER SUraiES/ ^^i^ 

186 



tBkx Anhor 

tB5*. The NitimL fett Ek^ine (NE) uses a shape-flenocy alley of iddosl and titaiiun to ocrwert thennal enes^ 
directly to nedaiicaL power and througji a gEnscator, to dectrlcily. Ai I» ^os analyzed and desi»ied to 
produDB powtt fran solar irradiaticn in space, with radiative coding to a deep-space heat sdric A model fffi 
WB built and tested in a gp^P dHiber sinulating the radiaticn and space erwiranHit, and pcoiEed r esult s 
ggceeiig with paluuiau-i pcedicticns. Other space fffi using S^Bce Staticn ^este heat are also disojssed. 
aril space Iffi are dancretrated to be oost-ocn|3etitlvB with photovoltaic odls as a source fior ^Bce pt»«:. 

aaa39»» isaE 5 pas 6i9 camnff 26 pm: B/PT-f^^d-sfhimisa^-oiT^^ euisi 

sumary; IKIASSIIIB) nXUCNT DCAP B0G2631 
UriL: Nltinol devices, itese 2, int^gcatim of sUp rir^g systan and traddig nechanian with mamty drl\« 
TLSE: Flral Report, ffar. 1980 
AHH: A/JBE, J.; B/ECSS, H. G. 

OFF: Rriff (ErifidO G.m.b.H, Bssm (Hast Gaaiav CSS: ^ciff PstschLr^pinstO AVAI^ 
SftP: K l(Mf ADl; fedunfiociaticnsaafitnin, RacLsnlie, Mest Qennary EM 12 

OD: fflWMr,FHIBAL FTOBLECCF; Buiteanlnisterlm fuer Rxschis iiri T)^^ andesniinistEriun 

fuer FbcschjT^g lid TIacTiolqgie 

MttB: / ^muR veuxhy/ ruc sihehfes/ sbaee «Micf auiks 

^ffi^ ^thor (ES^) 

iSBS: teversihle maincy effects of MLTl alleys are treated. A traddig raechaiian with menDiy drive eknHits ws 
nmifacture and tested, and int^pated in the slip rir« systen. Results shew that no gearing i s required to 
protoe qwll ar^qlar steps (0.3 are dqg.) becajse the manoty drive eLanents tharaelves perfoon this task. A 
slip ring traddi^ inQchatdan nodule is aR^ilaUe. 

ffiW^TDU ISaE 22 IWS 3292 OOHnff 38 (M»! W-7405-Erc-82 84/00/00 7 BflGES INIAbbmiiU DOOieir 

UTEL: Ihfoane of ocDfinssive stresses at jcdned interfaoBS usiiig ultiasGnic refLectLvily 

fUmi A/TBMHM, D. 0.; B/REHEIN, a K.; C/SOILIKS, B. J.; IVaiOH, J. P. BftA: IVCIXE, Anes labotatay, 
5, lA) 



OD: IMdH) SMES; IN: Ncntetructive metiiDds for material property detetminatiai; PtoceediriBP of the ^mposiun, 
fe^^, a^ April 6^, 1983 (iffl5-4700l 22-38). New Yoric, Hflun ftess, 1984, p. 171-177. 

JAB: / ^<nB«SSnN IMB/ *FASIBroy ^^^ 

MDB: / myOj AUDB/ FSLECHKE/ SBSEE mOS mSJlS/ SUD-SOUD IMHffMES 

eEAx G JL 

iBSi A pcohLan of ocnsidasfcile interest is relatBd to the ncntestructLvB detenidnatiQn of the ocnpJBSsii^ c anpcTB it 
of stress in various kinds of interfiocnce fastHHS. The usual tediriquas eipkyBd fior stress nBaaicenaits 
are rot suited for the ocraiderBd case. The presait paper is Qcnoaned with results which were obtained in a 
stufy of Wtini co^ilas ty neare of a pcooetoe utllik^ interpretive 

onoepts. Nltiml, a iddkeL-titaniun alley, is a shape manocy material *ich undagoes a rather qpedal type 
of BortaBitic traBfiooiBtion. The mtinti fiastEnar is a diort, thidwalled hollw <yl^^ Attenti ai is 
sdvm to aspects of sancile prepacaticn and stress dBtacteriTaticnf uLtrascnic measuccDEnts, and e(perinEntal 
^ 187 



results aid intsEpcetHticn. 



84M27S9 ISSUE 21 BACE 3019 CfflSOOr 26 aa^OVTO 12 »IGB5 INIA^^ 

Ul'iu Ihe use of shEfs mamy effiact alleys as ai sng^neesirg material 

MBi A/EQHN, R. V.; E/FIDT, R. F.; C/SHiEBBSE, C L. BAA: aCSsffdmOxp., Mailoltefc, CA) 

C3D: INCIED SIKIE5; IN: Ifatknal Ikhdcal Ob nf aiai c e, 15th, dndiiBti, GH, Octdxr 4-6, 19B3, ftooeediiiBS 
(/\8MZ726 21-23). Azusa, CA, Society fix the ^IvsnoEDBit of Material and Iteoess BiginaeEJif^, 1SB3, p. 
403^4. 

WJS: /4NIQCa.A[I£«S^'«taZINlMl£«S/ Affile iMsa^^ 

m&i / tamiaxss/ bjx astasw oeec yanzss/ vipnvnr. gcmhuibs/ peees (tibes)/ imuzenas 

tBk: /uthor 

aSi The unique dtmpe nanxy pcqsrties of idckel-titaniun oEke it useful as ai o^giiieeEiis naterial in may anas. 
ItttinQl, as it is usuadJy lefiened to, ws diso^icsBl in the early 196Q3. Shape mEnciy effiact alleys fior 
ccBinRrrial use aie beings develcped in tie Mlaiirg product aceas: (1) pdpe aid tube jodniic; systans, (2) 
elfictri.cal ccniBctocs, and (3) eQectzanedarical actuatccs. Ihis papa: describes the metaHmgical f h anouam 
of the nBrtoisitic to austEnitic structural char^ and tiiai oonoentrates on the prarHra\ application of this 
(iuuiuai in the afiGcenentioned pcoduct arsts. 

8ai72SB0l CfflHUDr 44 FPU : iO-aCE073 tBJCAf-T^^l om: DCE-Er-78-I-(B-5919 QF^aEB-78^IWB919 78/09/27 269 
BMXS UOASSEFIB) nXIlQir 

UnL: ftooBBdiii^ of tie NEDNGL Haat Engine Cbnfiexcnoe 

ILEP: Final Report 

tUOx A/QJUSSSmt a M.; E^HUmffiA, L. J. Off: A/ed.; B/ed. 

aSP: tknaL SUc&oe W on pc m Genter, SilMEr Spcir^i, Hi. MJUifnS 

QDi WHB) SStOESi ftesaitsd at Silwr S^zii^;, (teylad, 2&^ Sep. 1978 

HD6: / BQGT aiNSISKN/ FOIIHI )eDaXIR2&' S2SIEH EnSCnVBG^ 

SS09Cm TSaE 9 race 1297 QOEXKr 74 Fm: m^^iOEBm ieHyiR-81-129 I««EBWSS62-78 O/W/OL 71 B£ES 

ucxAssiFin) Dooieir 

UEEL: NETINCL intsEoanect dEvioe fior optical fiber WMeguddes 

TLSP: Final Report 

MBt A/TniKIV.IK, D.; B/T2DDG5, J. 

OORP: MnbI SUc£k£ Uaapons Qaiter, Silver Spcir^, Hi. /NKELNEES 

&Pt w/tMrtca. 

QDt wnEDSDOES 

MUS: /4GQIH3mS^«fiaR(ITICS^4Nmiaiai£«S/4CFnD^ 

188 



ABft: kjOaoiCBk) 

iBSi Tta) dLffierait intoramect devicaes fix optical fibecs hewe been developed. Each uses the shape raaiciy eEfiact 
alley 'NEHNCL'* The sinpilfir of the t^o Is of ttiular de^ ndcrcn 

diaiBter. The mate coipilec nultl-ocnpcnait design acoamodates 125 nriaxn dianetar f i b e r s^ The ocnpiLac desdgn 
is gln plF*' to use, easier to navfactute and loucr in oost. It pamts less than 1 db loss and is re-natable. 
A descriptiGn of NTITNOL manifiactute is glvHi. 

8CK73875 CSIHIEr 26 W^i IR.851-2(1> CN»: F33615.72^1190 72AB/31 64 MGES INIASSIHED DOOMNT IB GW 
ASOES 

UriL: abricatiai tedniqjBS for rivet fiastaas utQlzatiiTg 55-nitinol HSi Interim Beport, IJui. - 31 tvg. 
1972 

MM: A/SCBUEIK, V. 

ORP: GcumHi Aerospace Corp., Betf^Bge, N.Y. CSS: (Faricaticn Bcaxh.) 

CDD: IMEUD SIKIES 

MUS: / ^^flKBAFT SIHEHEES/ *FASIIMFS/ ^*NIIIM1i AILCKS/ *SIHEHEAL REUfflHIiy 

MnC: / FAEEUE TESTS/ FaEMDC THHUOIS^ ffiST TBBfllfNiy MEOaDSIHEIlPE/ TW^EHIEN TEMHRAME 



189 



No: S4.1 Title; Independent Weapon Destruct 



Operations Requireaent ; 

Provide ground-based anti-missile-type battery of circa 1995 veapon systems to 
provide near-range vehicle destruct. Eliminate extensive non-productive 
manhours for "area clear" during range safety ordnance installation. Minimize 
"safety army" and procedures that accommodate contemporary systems and methods. 

Rationale ; 

Elimination of vehicle range safety ordnance and associated non-productive 
manhours and operational cost is highly desirable. Consider current range 
safety regulations negotiable. 

See S4 for quantified data. 

Saaple Concept ; 

Delete the extensive vehicle/ground remote destruct system. If an unmanned 

vehicle goes awry during the first minutes of launch (or close to launch site) 

use ground based anti-missile weapons to provide range destruct. Use beacon 
on-board space vehicle to assist in identification and guidance. 

See also, S4. 

Technology Requirement ; 

None. Use military antimissile system of circa 1995 vintage . 

Technology References ; 

N/A 



190 



No,! S4,2 Title: Laser Ignition 

Operational Requirement: 

Eliminate pyrotechnic type ordnance where possible; At least, provide system 
with less stringent safety requirements. 

Rationale: 

There are four types of ordnance devices currently used on STS: ignition, 
release, separation, and range safety. The special handling safety, area clear, 
and training requirements make this a major cost area in ground processing. 

See S4 for quantified data. 

Sample Concept; 

A laser ordnance initiation system provides the capability to reliably control 
ordnance functions on launch vehicles. Examples of ordnance events which can be 
controlled by a laser system include motor ignition, stage separation, thermal 
battery activation, shroud removal, destruct, etc. There are significant 
improvements in safety, weight, cost, and processing time offered by laser 
systems over conventional electro-explosive ordnance initiation. The additional 
capability for safe, positive on-board system interrogation and test can provide 
an assurance of launch vehicle readiness never before attained with traditional 
ordnance systems. 

See also, S4. 
Technology Requirement: 

Continued development of laser-initiated ordnance for specific ALS-related 
requirements. 

Technology References: 

Vendor data (Ensign-Bickford Co., Aerospace Division, Simsbury, Connecticut). 



191 



llo£ S4.3 Title; Non-pyrotechnic Separation (Acceleration/Clevis 

Separation) 

Operations Requireaentt 

Simplify vehicle separation design and related ground processing. 
Rationale; 

Contemporary stage separation hardware and ground processing are complex, 
hazardous, and manpower Intensive. e « ^-ompxex, 

Snirhv"lS**r^rf f ^lect'^ical systems for ignition of pyrotechnic devices Is 
lengthy and wasteful of manpower during repetitive "area clear" operations. STS 
51-L preps for mating required a total clock time of 72 hours directly related 
to separation hardware and pyrotechnics installation and test. 

See S4 for quantified data. 

Sample Concept; 

The concept of individual vehicle transit to pad and Individual erection 
suggests the geometric possibility of a vehicle "back- to-back" or parallel 
mating and a separation system requiring no moving parts or pyrotechnics 
Examination of the following process is suggested: » *' ^^ ""^ pyrorecnnics. 

(1) Design booster and orbiter propulsion/ acceleration mechanics such that 
the booster acceleration component exceeds that of the orbiter i.e.. the 
booster wants to outclimb or run ahead of the orbiter. 

(2) Erect the booster first. Subsequent rotation of the orbiter to vertical 
about its landing gear (over the flame pond, onto a thrust butt) may 
m«Wf.™"i "*'}*' attachment of the orbiter to the booster by means of a 
male/female clevis (or pintle and gudgeon arrangement) having no moving 
booster?" Py"'"^^^*'"^"- The orbiter is effectively Impaled on thi 

(3) When the booster propellants are expended, aerodynamic drag provides 
stage separation. Propulsion for a second parallel stage, If used, could 
be terminated by stage-autonomous acceleration-sensing avionics. 

See also, S4. 
Technology Requireaent; 

Detailed examination of aerodynamics and related shock-wave interactions would 
be necessary to assure validity of concept. 

fworn..?„^T^""?VJ^ booster, an exterior payload bay, parallel mating (or other 
alternative) will be required -to eliminate structural interference of the 
vehicles during erection of the orbiter. Terence or tne 

Technology References; 

This document. 



192 



Ho: PI 



Title: Simplified Robust Propulsion System 



Operations Requireaent ; 

Simplified, integrated, robust propulsion system that uses the same oxid 
fuel, and integrates the essential elements of: 

. Main propulsion 

. Orbital maneuver/de-orbit 

. Attitude/ rendezvous control 



Rationale : 

Current propulsion systems started with an engine design and then the 
built arotind it. 

There is a necessity to simplify and integrate all propulsion sys 
radically minimize the supporting operations and maintenance. 

Sample Concept : 

Fully- throttleable engines/multiphase (see Pl.l) 

Soft engine start (see PI. 2) 

TVC by delta thrust and/or RCS/or aero (see PI. 3) 

One oxidizer/ one fuel (see PI. A) 

Eliminate separate OHS and RCS (see P2) 

Eliminate high-maintenance turbopumps (see P3) 

No hydraulics (see P4) 

Technology Requirement : 
(See Pl.l through P8) 



Technology References : 



NASA/RECON: 

87A32466, 
86A42731, 
85N29965, 
84X72894, 
83A29534, 
74N71316, 



87A18475, 
86A42620, 
85N26862, 
84N32430, 
83A28693, 
74N70964, 



87A11334, 
85X77367, 
85A39670, 
84N71351, 
82X73602, 
74A12920, 



87A10698, 
85X74308, 
85A13519, 
84K11473, 
82A44488, 
74A11559, 



86X10270, 
85X70592, 
84X78616, 
84A38153, 
79X75706, 
73N12847, 



86N70079, 
8SN25389, 
84X78036, 
84A35137, 
78A11082, 
73N12840 



PAGE, 1^^ INTENTIONAbiy BUNK 



195 



87A32466 ESE D Bffl ISZft CBSSOEI 15 86/OCVa) 6 P/SGES IM1ASSIEIH3 DDOMENT ODPHOEBr 

UnL: lis statxjs of H-IE rocket deveLopnait pcogcaii 

SJSB: A/ESOt VKtO; B/SDBfflED, YOJL 

mn E/QbtdoBl S^Bce Develqpment ^gaxy of Jafai, Ibkjio) 

OD: JABm 

IN: IhtamtdoBl ^mfjoskni en Spats TladnoilflBy aid Sdaioe, 15th, TS±so, Jafsn, Hev 19-23, 1SG6, Vaxxedirtp. 
Vbiluie 2 (ifi7-32276 13-12). Tfckjro, /QE RjbiLarii«, Lr., 1986, p. 1/C3-M(B. 

NOS: / ^<]ABfGS SB£E ESOQtAH/ njtNB VEBSOSS/ ^«ES«CB /N) Ee/mBCNT 

msi / tmsBS/ BXBsm bocket qgdgs/ boqcet oiniis/ asEniHG 

ABA: I.F. 

OS; The dsi^i ari dewekpnEnt prqgran of the B-II nxket are desc ri bed. The lanch vehicle ocnsists of ayoepnic 
fizst ad secxid stagaa of 4 m in dianeter ad a pair of solid nxket boostas, and has a peorlcad caiahilily of 
2 tons. The <z>cgEnic first stage is pxessd b/ Hx IE-7 aigine *hich produoas 91D K thrust at sea lewe l and 
iim 141 thnst in vacum and hes a total bumii^ dotaticn of 316 seccnds; the desi^is of the e^cine aid stage 
are aoidrad. The seoond stage pcopilsicn systan uses an IE-5 ai^jne vith a thnst of KB Mi at a cheaho: 
pressue of 3.7 MEfeu Gcreddaation is givm to the peyload fairing, solid nxtet booster, and aRdodcs sjystan 
for te H-n rodoet. EdagcaiB of te H-II and its oaqxiEnts ace pcovided. 

87A1»W5 ISSUE 6 ME 734 QOHIEy 15 FPnt: MS Vim^ S5-(M ifBSAXiAX) Vt BPCES WnBSFISD VDOmS 

UHL: H-n lanch vEhide 

/MH: A/TH«aaKA, H.; B/EBH, T. BftA: B/^tlcrBl E^Btfi DewlopiHit ^gaxy of Ja(ai, Tokyo) 

OD: JfSm', IN: !^[^»rp etpiLoitaticn ad utilizatim; Rnoeediiies of the ^nposiun, ftnoliilu, Hi;, D eo aiter 15-19, 
1S85 (ifi7-10i51 06-12). SanDiegD, Q^, lidveLt, Inc., 1986, p. 351-364. 

MD6: /ismms/ BXBsm Ktms/ cebt ehhuotms^ vmons/ scud HcrawNr bdckbt bgdes^ sta 
QMBCUintsnin 

ma D.H. 

mt Ovoall features of the ocnfifljiatlan, capUUty, ad dmiLofnEnt FDqgian of the H-n nxket are discussed. 
Ihe H-n nxtet is J^foi's nev eqaddble launch vehicle fix the 19903 vith a cafabUity of landdng a 2-tan 
pyinaH tD GB>. lift-off iiBSS vlU be 2S5 tens. FropeUaits for the first stage wilL be I£K ad Iffi, for the 
seocni stEge a ccniXBite, and the thixd stage apin I£K and IBZ. 

87AU334 ISSE 1 tttE 9 GKIHZRr 16 85/00/00 360 IK^ In RUESQN UOASSEEIED DOOieir 
UCIL: RxdeDBitals of flic^ MeMcLe desiffi (tcansport sgstOB)- Rssiai book 
HMi MBSm, V. P.; B/BEBIEEBIL, V. K.; CyBftRtfflCV, B. M.; IVSm/SKV, D. N. 
GEO: U.S.SJL; Moeootf, Matel^stvo H dilnaLtuail fi, 1985, 360 p. IhAssiau 

mjSi /i9iujss:wssiis/^vxsmKcms/^isasmzsacEaiFU*stcsjEtffirE^ 

MD6: / MJBJUKSSXV DESSH /NttSSES/ 0011} SURCKT HJIDEHNiy mXHD HOHl/Nr RXKET BGDGS/ BnifflFinY 
BGD^ONV BOtKET BOIC IESIEN< SBKZ aUniES/ SBKHIUOT CQCiaBffliaG/ SKHBAFT LANIIG 

196 



a^x V.L. 

taSi ^feriojB aspects of tte desigi of fL^it vdrirlps, r1a?rififf1 infer ballistic rockBts aid carria: roctets, are 
eanlnad in tte li^t of reoent vxk in this field. Tbpics disnwsiRd indxite desigi 0Qnfi»jcatiaB of 
liquid-pcopeDait rockets, detenninaticn of tte principal design paranetecs of ballistic rockets aid carrier 
rodoats fron specified flifijit palbumjue data, and tte desiffi of reusable flight vehicles. Tte disoBsicn 
also oovecs ai eqadnentaL verificatlai ptcgran for ensuriig tte r eliaMH ty of fligjit vehicles aid tte 
or^nizaticn, planrrii^, arid aitoiatlcn of tte design and producticn of flij^t vehicles. 

87AlJDe98 ISSUE 1 PAGE 51 QflHIiff 38 RPI«: iO-A1700S7 (M*: I»«29-844W)I73 86/00/00 7 EfiGES INlASili'IiU DOCUBir 

ccpaoEHr 

UnL: Ocntrast nechafdstns in tte tiiernoacotBtic microscope 
MMi A/FAWD, L. D.; B4M), P. K.; OTHMftS, R. L. 
MA: (y(VfeQme State Ihiversity, Detroit, MI) 
CDD: INEIEDSEKIES 

IN: Iteview of ptcgcess in quantitative naidestructive evalmtiai. Vdhite 5A - Ptoo aedin gs of tte Twelfth Amjal 
Iteviev, Williairixjrg, VA, Jib 23-28, 19G5 (AB7-1D676 01-38). Nev Yadc, Plaun Press, 1986, p. 439-445. 

WJS: / ^^tCOEHC MKKKHES/ ^TME OMBASiy *I!«GOC TEDMOES/ ^maSIOXnTJE TESTS/ ^lOncaMIIff 

MBB: / ACDUSnC SOfllERIMy P^KDELE WnOV THHMAL BWDKEKN 

^fflA: T.K. 

ABS: Ite medEniaiB of im^e formation in ttiermcBcoustic micrDSC30|y (TAM) are investi^tGd tiiaaretically, 
suBUHriziiK and applyii« tte aalytical results of fevro et al. (1984 arri 1985). In TfiM, a 
l-lD,0004fiz-raDdulated particle beem heats tte saqple specinei on or near its airfece, pr oAjcing 
scnio-to-<iltrasaiic acoustic ^wes vliich are detected hy a pigpelectric transduoer attached to a diffiereit 
part of tte spednen; tte acoustic slgrels produced ty scaring tte tean over tte qpecimm airfece are 
interpreted as ai imege aii teed to locate disocntimlties. Rxnr processes producirB ine^ ocntrast are 
idaitified: (1) pure acoustic scatta±s, (2) tiiennal/aooustic oote oanverslcn at tte surface fiolkwad by 
aooustlc scattttir^, (3) pure ttennal scattering fioUowed ty surfeoe mode ocrwetsicn, aid (4) mode ctxwersiai 
at tte scatterirs defect itself. Tte relative effideries of these pcooesses are evaluated, aid it is Awi 
ttet process 3, tte mednian oamaily assuned in interpreting XAH inegas, is dcndnated by processes 1 ail 4 in 
ncet cffles. TM4 opaatlon near tte near-field (FkearBl) or far-field (Ftaitio&r) limits is eaidned, ail tte 
results of reoait eq^iments are (tisnrywl in tte li^t of tte presait results aid tte ©ctrane-near-field 
tteory of Ir«ldiart et al. (1983). 

86XKE70^ ISSE 8 QflHUff 1 RPTIM MfiA^-TOffl N(S 1.2l!7ra 86/06/00 324 HGES l^^ DOOMNT IB OJJ 

iGBmSS no (JNBKBSS 

UnL: ELiropeai aennaitiGS and astnxieutics: A bthlicyTfty with indooas 

OBP: Ifaticral iteroBUtLcs aid S^ace Administration, \fa^iingtcn, D.C. 

IfC: 00 

QD: INEEQ) SEKIE5 

MyS: / ^4miWnCfLWSBi^aSS/ ^^SBCStC&WS!^^ ^tSSaminSS/ ^WSJOStWIES 

me:/ MOBE^iS, MDICPE/ AmCBAFT OlBlHJnim fNSNSS/ ESOEE/ 

3ME BH£Rffl3aV SB^HRAFT ONSIFLCnEN MSOIRMS/ SBfiCaMFT EESDGN/ ffifiCHEAFT WCBISIW/ 
IHHIMUaCKCBGN 

iBta M.6. 

197 



AB5: Ihis bdbLlcgcsfiy coitaiis 1A33 arotated leC anioe s to tcports and journal articles of BucqpeBn in tellectiwl 
cdgin eiteEed into the r«^ sdsitLfic and tednical infiooaticn database dudng 1965. Befxesoitati^Ae sufaject 
areas ixnlude; aEcod ^ namicSy airaaft desiffi and iiistruiBitatiarit a a xj a p ace natedalsy cxjnaidcationsy 
s{B0Bcxa£t desiffi and related a^ginaeringF naticaL space sdaxsesi and aeDOspacae nedidne. 

89170079* GamSY 20RPr»: Mfi<WI^178eQl MB 1.26:178601 aEr85-2a M^ NftS8-35771 SS/MVID 81 EKES 

imiBSIFIH) DOOMNr 

UnL: Hic^ area ratio noole ccncepts im^estigEitiai 

HJSP: Bdnmthly Techiical ftqgress (fanative 

mmi A/Bmj, r. d. 

aSP: Bodcuell Ihtecmticnal Qxp., Canc^ Vaskf Caiif. AVAIL.NEIS 

CD): INEIEDSEKIES 

YlfJS: / ^ffiOOGEN OBOGEN EtGI^ES/ ^^HttMED SEME FLUSiy nXSZlETESBJS/ ^itZOE EEFJHEtlS/ ^HEZLE iMHiiKI/ ^KFBCT 

MII6: / amsmN CHMCEBS/ HDGH WSS3IE/ UEE (HBffiHITY)/ IBSCBMHCE lESES / EELUBEUIY 

a6AA2731# ISaE 20 IMS 2951 QOHnQr 28 RPIt: AIAA ISEffi 86-1387 86/06uW 5 EflGES IKIASSI^ 
UnL: ItapeUait paiuuMiLe of (fars-pcoduced carixzi nnxKide 

ami A/aAH>, w. m. 

»A: A/(USMP, Fbreigi TBdroLogy Dlv., ttrf^t-Jfeitterscn AFB, CH) 

OD: wnm SEtSSS atAf Aae, SAE, ad ASE, Jodnt Ptopulsicn anfocenoe, 22nd, Huntsvillet AL, Jire 16-18, 1986. 
5p. 

ASBKEMISSIIM5 

HINS: / nnagg. QdNeS/ FUEL (BIS/ HOGLIiMr OCMBUBniN/ RXXET EICDGS/ SEME QMQICIALISaXN/ ISEMXHNAMOCS 

iSA: Axthr 

ABS: Ihe paliummue of the liquid carixn noncpdde (LOO) - liquid a^fBPt (lOiQ pcqpeUait oonixlnatiaf) is ncdeLad in 
detaiL CkLoutlatiaB vece petf o u na d to nakl thcee propilsion afpLkatiflns: rodoet and intamL ocntustlGn 
amines, ail fuel oeUs. It ws detecndned that rocket engines txErdi^ carbcn mcncDdde with aq^gm are capabiLe 
of specific in|ulses in the 280-300 seocnd raqge. This IgmbI of pa.liuLimi3e neioBS possdhle sudi ndssicns as 
sii^le stE^ to ocfait and evBi single stage to tvperfaolic escape. In addition, I£D m^ be used as a fuel in 
intoral Qdrisustiai epsines. Ihamx^raDdc cyde calnilafims dic3v that such erg^iies cai adiUMe pcMer 
doBltles QCD()etitive with batteries, apecioc paiuim i ue is possibiLe if UD ad I£K are used to opesate an 
eLBctrochaidcal fuel call. 

86AA26a0ftISSK20B£E3Q10OaHZRr83BFIl: AIM IKEER 86-lAGB 86^36/0) 12 BKES IKXi^^ 

UIIL: life cyde ocsst considaaticns for lauxh vehicLe Uqudd pccpeUait rocket engines 

MSBs MESuf C J. 

BAA: A/(BodcuellIhtaiBtiaBlCbcp., Bocloetc^ 

CD): INTED SEKIES; AEAA^ ASE, SAE, and A^ Jodnt ftopulsicn CbRfiecenoe, 22ndf antsviUe, AL» Jne 1&-1B, 1966. 
12p. 

198 



mjSs /*aBrEnBCIIS®ESS/*IimHVEHiaES/*LIFECSnEG[BIS/<^^ 

MDB:/ BGDB TEE/ HmOME SM S (SBffl BftFp/ HCOJmai OSIS/ P^^ EEICW SWE 

* SUmE MON QGDE^ SK£ SUniB GBBEIEBS 

Oki fuUac 

ABS- This BBper disoBses the a«ine cost ooitributicn to the life qyde cost (LDO of landi M*iclfis, «J *at 
QCBt SScaxfis erist bet»ai amines dedgied for aqpaxadfi aid fix raBahite 

theaKtederekpioitariptDductimiiBses, aridn±«^^clBflifi^tq?erati^ AhI^ of 

Mstxriral cost <bta aii paraiEtric cost nnfelirg were used as a basis for the cost chservatlcrs. Sweral 
DBBSUtes fix potaitial a«inB oost taiKtim are discussed. These indufe the eady use of a test ted, ad the 
sdectiai of the SM ~HaHH ty ari tet aRroadi fix developnait oosts; the iirtnxijctiai of muti^WBr h^g 
fix wpaiHile amines tD cpitalize on the cost adwaitages of Hfih prakictiai (jBotlties aid r^ thro^ 
loMXSt *?»»^«Hrn nettads vith autoiHtitii; and the decrease in operatlai aii a«ixt oosts fix r™Ve 
amines due tn the use of ]a« life axi W^ Meai Time Betwai BeplaoanEnt (MDR) canxnaits, aid ly 
srtHBiveLy ai|>lcyii« ccrditiai monitorirg aid diapiostic instrunaitatlcn. 

8aJ77367# CtaBJJS 20 85AB/16 4 MfflS INIASSIEIH) nXIMNT UB OW AJfC3ES 
UnL: lyHidcs of liquid-fuel roctet aiginB udts aid aflply ^ystons 

Mjab A/msimfOf, v. f. 

OBP: Joint MJlications ResBardi Secvioe, Arlingtcn, Va. ]h its IBSl Kept.: Bg. ari Buipnait 
(JHB-IHWW111W-) p 1-4 (SE fflS-77366 23-31) 

CB): U.S.S.R. TtasL into BOIffl ftan tte bock -"Dliiaidka StiAcstiij*^ 
Ktanya" Mdsocw, Mashinostixyauye, 1983 p 2-5 

MUS: / *iaO«Un!CfiL HGMHONy ^AKEAFT ML SXSEEMS/ ^tHNAMIC (SmmiSmS I ^mm mmim. HDCKET 
MttB: / AUia«fflC OMBtl/ OMUSniN Ca»ffiS/ RiL HMB/ G^ 

aaC74aB» OOHnff 20 mkt ia«)90116LRE/ro84-W6R«n>.TR^«12CN»^ F30ea2-aMM)W6 aVUAD 72 EM2S 
UOASSIECm nXXlOir us GDV ASOES ^N) OCNIBOCBS 

Uni: Uqudd todoet eigine schanatic model 

TISPj Firal Bepoct, !«). 1S83 - Apr. 1984 

SSOi A/NSmXl, L.; B/THODUDCHE, M.; C/JICS, R. D. 

CXIiP: ftxtoell IhtenaticiBl OxPm QroEp F&ric, Qdlf . CSS: (RockEtt%meniv.) 

C3D: (MIED SEKIES 

mjSi/ ^oofuiHaaD sMMmv lijwnjmsBijmKcmBniits/mamfsnEfL nms/ moiissw/ *siEfflr 

MD6: /mnOE OmCU COD GAS/ LKUID RXXET mmUUfSS/ HNBXmnm/ Bits/ StCE FLDffliy 3SCIS/ 

' (Mf: P33615-78-CJeOO 83/12AX) 589 BfiOS INIASSIEIH) DOOMNT IB OV ABOES 

UnL: Ductal toetetprapulsiaitaiinkeyvalidaticn. ^feluiES: Pl^it tBst veWde aalysls a«i dewdcpiBit. ftrt 

2: EUdit ocntrds systai 

199 



Tiafi Final Befxrt, Sep. 1978 - Dae 1963 

MnSz A/EERSR, J. H.; B/OIZN, a D.; C/fflnUFSt B. R. 

CCBP: BMBhes Atrcraft Gb., C^ncga ^axk, CkLif. CSS: (Missile ^^ens G^xijp«) 

OD: INHB) SOSES; Vdg^t-^ttecscn AEB, Ohio. tS^dOj 

wjsi / 'f^PcajtmcBS/ *air to air messhes/ ^tmjHsnc nuns/ ^^ocmeuibr ebdgiwb/ * mm) rxket hcdes/ ^fldght 
Tssrmanis/ msoEOitaiBias/ -^wmc^^ 

mSi / B0060ER ROCKET WSStSS/ FIFTIRIC BtOHglES/ HHnBCiemiEmL CEKECES/ OfidBGNIC HUHCray FLEGHT ONIRCL/ 
SQOIAL IIAIKESfi/ RAUET ENGirGS 

8aC9965*# ISSffi 19 PAE 3220 QflHUCr 7 RETS: t«SWIW1749K I«B 1.26:1749B FHMI^183^ 
N!fi3-22902 85/C7/ai 113 EWES INIASSIFIED DOOMNT 

UriL: CbnvQiutQd nomie design &r the RUO derivative 2B af^ine HJSP: Final Report 

OEP: Itaatt aid Utitn^ Airoaftt Vest Kdm Beach, Fla.; TEXtrcn Bell Aenxpaoe Cb. , BufEabt N. Y. 

CSS; (GoMSEniHit Ftoducts Div.) AVACLNHS 

SAP: GCAOfi/MPAOl 

OD: IMEIEDSEKIES; Rrepared in (SGperaticn with Ilextrcn Bell Aensi^ 

HAJS: / MJNXUmW INEBGRALS/ ^«SZLE UESBH/ "KBEU IRAGFER VWniS/ -^ FEERACDXY WOERIALS/ ''RL-IO EtGDCS 

MQsS: / nam) msmJiU: RDCKET ENGIDGS/ rocket ENGIDES/ SnUCHBAL ^^KLISIS/ 1£EFI«^ ^musis 

iSA: E.AJC 

ABS: Ihe Qonvoluted nozzle is a ocnt^itiaBl xB&actocy metal nozzle ectensicii that is fanned vitfi a porticn of tte 
nozzle QaMduted to shew the ectaidible nozzle vithin the IsigAi of the rocket engine. Ihe ocnvoluted noole 
(CN) WB deplcyei ly a systen of four ^s driven actuatocs. Fx spaoeaaft afpUcatiais the a^imsa (N mey be 
sel£*<)epilqyed ty intenal pcessure tetained, djdng depLkgnnait, ty a jettisGnable edt dosure. Ihe ozMxluted 
nozzle is induded in a stucV of extendible nozzles for the RUO Br^gine DeclA^tive 2B £x use in afi early odxit 
trasfiBT ^^dde (CnV). Rsur extendihle noode ocnfigqcaticns for the RUO^ engine \«e evaluated. Hiree 
anfigiirarions of the tuo positiai nozzle waoe studied including a lvcin:B3i diq) oooled metal nozzle and 
ladiaticn oooled vfm\ps of ppfractoq^ metal £nd cacbcn/Garfacn ocnposite oonstiuction tespectively. 

8aQ6B62*#ISS[E16RAGE2733Q!aHXEQraORFF»: raSAH(7-^372 1«S 1.55:2372 BSAMX) 7S3 BXES U^^ 

miL: Advanced Hi^^ Pressure OZ/BZ IkiiiolQey 

i!UIH: A/MCBB^ S. P.; BAV, S. T. 

BAA: E/(AlabBnBltalv., aiitsvilLe)Eftr: A/ed.; B/ed. 

aSPi Ibticnal ABccnautics and Space Adbdnistiatiai. (tac^haU Sjpaoe Flij^t CEnter, Ontsvilley Ala. MJLJfns 

SAP: tCfSSATEBi SCDHD 

OD: lNnH)SEKIES; \faEhIngton Qcnf . heild inHintsvilLei Ala., Z7-29 Jin. 19B4 

MyS: / MJIBEHW (StitEBS/ 'Kja^ESWJS/ -^WE^ 
^ASBACE aum£ HON EtONE/ ^qilB^ 

MII6: / BBARDGS/ (XRAOCS/ OSflEniN^ OB«iaC SIHUCIII^ ffiff FESESQNT AU0B/ 

200 



iMk Activities in the dewdcpiHit of adranoed Wj^ ptesaire aqfgpv^^^^ ^£E.w 

rqxrtHi. ftrtiailar eqteis is gi^«l to the Space Shittle «Bin eigte. T^earas of «^ te*^ 

iBterials, l»rii« tBdnokgjr, structure dynaidcs, fluid dynEndcs, axi instruiBitatiai tedrailflgy. Rr 
iidivldual titles see ^8M6863 tihtcMBh tB5-2691- 

ffiN2S389» BSE 15 Rffi 2495 QOHIEr 20 RPI*: AIWU51368 AEFEWR^lOl CM*: AF HDJ. 9991 84/12AX) 89 EfiOS 

UOASSIFIB) OXUQir 
UnL: APRIL (Mr taoe Rxtet ftopuldm labotatoty) techiical (tjectlve docunait FT 85 TIS^ Ttedidcal Rqnct, 1 

Oct. 1985 -30 Sep. 1986 

amis A/VESHOLtR. L. 

(JSP: Air Fbtoe ItodEt Ptopulsiai lab., Edwards AFB, Calif. AVAIL.NIIS 

Sff: K/CB/tP/OL 

OD: WEIEDSESIES 

iftjs: /*iAKFfflmiES/*LinuroHam;OTPDacErmaiB/*Hau[^ 

MIN: /lAINHVEfflOES/MISSIIES/mMS/iamEHmySDLroireH^ 

Ok: (Sk 

AK. This ranct is a sunraiy of tedidcal oyectlves aid appixadHS for researdi, esqiOtra 

^Sx^rfSd^^t^Lbdi^pursuedTaritobepu^^ »«»^ 

FY 84-90. 

' a5A3967OIHSSa:l8Piffi2636CKIHIFy20Em: AIAA PAITO 85-1231 85AJ7/a) 9 HOS INIifiSIFIH) DDOlfNT 

unL: Rnpellait nEnagaiBit in tocddal tanks 

AUIH: A/nMNHK. S. M.; B/IHGOT, J. R. BftA: B^(Martin Marietta Aarapace, Pfiopilsiai Sectioi, Dawar, CD) 

CID: IwnmSIfflBj AIAA,SAB,Aafi,ariAaE,JcrintPtopulsimQxifiaOToe, a^^ 9 

p. 
MWS: / ^OOT 1E«Bfm VEfflOES^ ^HOmANT TfiMB/ *H^^ 

MOB: / BAFHE/ IHT TOHB/ FUm D»BMirS/UI^ 

ABA: M.SX 

AS: TheresuItsafapcqri3aitnH^a«itstur*raRili«itDa^cpTictt^ 
«Ltry fee oSat of the <Kldl2Er offiEB a note effidrnt ga^ 
S^lflaispace. Ttoidal tate pre^t proUflB in the oaitr^ of the po^ 
dSriS. Tte^»H« teen pecfDOBivith total capillary oom^ 
Xal9-f« fi-^ to the titter, t=p dedoBS to hdd prcpdlait aw^^ 

StU^oSgjratiaB to now fiud to a positim ewer the tak outlets Ttest rwits fixm 

hare, fiDuc ani €dfi>Jt-ta£flai toroidal tsrics are discussed. 

ffiA13519» BSffi 3 Bffi 257 QOHIFr 5 FFI* AIAA em 84-241A 84^0/0) 6 B^ 
Unu TtareatJiBBjiKic veWdas - A ehallB«B for the noet cartury 
^ iUm: A/TBBWie, S. A.; B//««Tr, J. B. BftA: A/(lBftP, Aeccrautical ^stans Mv, Wd^-tetterscn AFB, (H) 

CD), iHEIH) SDOES; AIAA, fflS, ASE, Aircraft Daslffi SfcfStBB aii (^JeatlaB JfcBtii«, Sai ni«EP» C^ Oct. 314tj«r. 

201 



2, 19B4. 6 p. 
VfflDCLES 

HD6: / mnnaPL mmmsxE/ Kssr vehdcie^ vitoEEms/ miRissw surrt sissas 

l&ii O.C. 

iSSi The U.S* Air Rxce ^stBiB OcnnEnd's Aenxeudcal ^stans Edvisiai has bqgin to ins^esti^te the 
Haga t n psFherLc ^Achide (Wf) ocnoept, vMch is seai as a global la^ military aiiciafty q)erat±ig fran 
ocn^entioial airfields^ ^JboBe h/pesscnic spead cndse nqgine \ijculd be at tiie \jppa: reaches of the a tmosf l ie i e* 
Attention is gi^^en to the difficulties iiteBit in te 1AV design's recmdliatian of aero tl iaj iix ^ yiH uicalLy 
hdg^ stressed outer skin surfaces and ayogaiic fiel taricage* Both aixfaceathirig and rocket pcopuMai 
Qcnoepts are iixler ocnsidecatiGn, as are ewtic fuels and cDddLzecs ptassessJng hi£^ eiaqg/ densities. Ghe 
such fuel, netastable heliun, ^oild yield six tines the pcopuLslcn efficiexy of currait crycgadc fuels. 

84X78616# aSSBJFI 2DFm: ^&<XB48S2 H(C-a307O-VX-4-^ (M*: F33615-78-C-2e00 

aa/12/(KI 780 ȣES ODCIIBaiAL QXUDir l^ 

UnL: Ducted rocket pcopulsicn tBdnaLggy validatiai. ^fdhuB 4: Brcpulsicn system inLet, part 2 (U) 

ILSP: Final Bepcrt, Sep. 1978 - Dae. 1983 

AHH: A/EEEQCSl, J. H.; B/FHTTJ.TPS, B. R. 

(JSPx Bjfjxs Aircraft Q>., C^noga T&xkf Qilif. CSS: (HLssile ^ystais Gbxp.) 

OD: INEUDSEKEES 

(«US: / 'WCSSR aXKET EN3NES/ ^OlSm BDCKET QGNS/ ^AfiOUSIEN/ mKlEr QGNS 

MD6: / mtG/ UnS/ WSOE SIEES/ GAS G&QMTQBS/ m£t¥E SISIBS/ mSSHE CCMPCrENES/ ffCUNV SUBSMC FUW/ 

8ffi78QQ6 QOHnff 28 CM*: RX6U-82.&(XC 84/(&/00 12 BKSS l^^ 

UEIL: RxpeUant henHing oonoepts for fixture lauxiMJwlanand vehicles 

MMt A/BSS, L. R; B/HEE, • J. 

(XBP; Martin tfarietta A etuspaoe , DenR«r, Gblo* 

SAP: Undtal by IDB; In AR. Ihe 1964 J»l«f Etapulsiai Maetiicr, M. 4 p 14S-1S6 (SEE ]S478Q22 21-20) 

CKh INCIED ynvnrs 

HyS: / '<RSDGaaCBOCKErEHIEUiNIS/'i^^ 

HD6: /ODSr /NOSSIS/ CR9X&QC FUIID SOStCE/ ODN) SLHCRT BCUIBBOy (HUO SUFPQRT SSSIBE/ lilNB ^fflKIE 

(UdOBftniNS 

84K72894 QOHZBY 20 BPI»: i&»9SlAl CFIA4J583-36 CNIf : N0QQ24-83-(>2aQL 83^/0) 57 »£ES (IGASSIF^ DOOlBir 
IBOffPGBUSS 

UEIL: Bctefdibla edt ones. A hihUcgraiiy 

OEP: Johns H^iidns Uiiv., Silver S^Kdi^;, Mi. CSS: (Oiaidcal Ftopulsiai InfixnatiGn i^jency.) 

202 



SAP: iMtBd ty nmR 

CD): WEIBJSESIES 

.«US: / ^fflBLDDGRAffllES/ ^OBflDO- HOOSEN/ ^KJNLCPL BODIES/ KtNKAL NDEIES/ * MEZIE GEOEOS 

vta&i/ amnasBN oMosnES/ oofunR Hraws/ qbt ^wfoas/ (Fbct hgde 

CfBES/ SftESUniES/ SIBESS ^^NAOSIS 

8W1^# OaHBOff 2B Rm: iawa321S ADffl5C>105 RM6-1321 76/12AI) m BKE INIA^^ 

UnL: PtopeUait ooifaBtiai ad peopulsiai: Nine year indac aid ahstiacts of jublicatiais ly Pdnoetai Ihivejsity, 
196B-1976 

OEP: MncetxnUiiv., N. J. 

CSS: (Dept. of Aeccspaoe aid Mechaiical Sdares. ) AVAILJffilS 

ODt U1QB3SCKIE5 

Mus: / *tEssMis/ -i^acmiMia (noEnav *mBisBW *s^ 

MDB- / OOfflUBEHN SOBOin/ OMCSnE HOQWNIS/ OCtWHCmN/ DCIHE BASE IRHIliOTS^ ERFS (LDMES)/ WCSOXV 
' BgrnnrrfHiwy fWB HOVCfflm/ UOITO RES' tEMS' PCreSDY/ RffiOOT 
SSESX SEtSSE/ 3SOSS _ 

aWffiCOIHSSUE 22 IWZ 35W CKIHaiff 20 FPI*: ^©^4^79 WSWB32-TR 83A»/a) 26 HGE5 IHIASSmm OXIMOT 

UnL: Static thrust atenaitaticn of rotet motocs by air aitrainrHit 

MSBi A/mntE, R. D. 

OBP: Vaafos Si/stasB Rseardi I^., Adelaide (Astralia). AVMUmS 

SAP: HC/0Q4F^ 

OD: iyySIBALIA 

wjst /^wR/^caaDiLN:raES/''«NiBAiHeay*siffl^ 

MII6: / UnS/ DBWDE HESUE/ NEHE EIEinENS/' HESSUE RfflD^ HCMStOV IBCKET HCMS/ BDCXET ESSfiEC/ 

mxETvasais 

tBSt Tte efiBact of duct gBanatry and primary jet dHractalstics oi the level of thrust a^gpHitatiai of cxiwaiticral 
nxtet notoc jets, with cordcBO. nosilfis edHustdng Into a statloMy atnositene, has bem inwstifiated. Rx a 
rane of strai^t, qrlinkicaL ducts with beU-flOUth inlets, it is ficuri that the duct thrust is ptimartly a 
finctin of duct la^ ati primaty thrust. Chante: pressure ail nozzle conditiaB have little effect otha: 
then their effect oi prinary thrust. 

8401473 (Sup^nO) OOl: NIIG3-571 EUH: OTimTBB 

act: 1029370 506-40-3 SOB-ffl-Ol IbticmL itemities ari Staoe Atataistratlai. lewis Research Gaitor, C3evela«l, 
QMo. A/QASr Jdn CkrxoU Ihlv., Oevelad, Chio. 

' UriL: Digital optical sosocs using wewdflsth divisicn nuLtiplExinE and interfexanetar tednicyBS UOASSIEIB) 
QCSOBSL 1, 1964 / fEHUURT lA, 1968 

IM: - A/BMIfiECK, R. J. A/2(B4 

203 



FLi B/ERnSCH, K. WFFTS BSBdH) 

wjsi /KaBE nw ONsay ^kfedq^ massnG seeeuenis/ moBisaw moRisBjs sism iebrrmce/ ^^racEiisiuB 

QAtSBOSif^ TSaE 18 I«GE 2594 QQEXfOr 20 82AXMXI 10 FAES UCLASSCFIH} DOOlCNr OFSOair 

UnL: TadnxLogy status repGrt on t^drocarbcn-fueLed engines for space transpai:lat±Ki systeis 

SnHi A/IA Bcnz, R. J* 

BAA: A/(AsEpjet Liquid Bcxket Cb., Saoanento, Ck) 

OBP: Aarqjet Liquid Bocket Cb., Sacranaito, Calif. 

QD: INEDBD SE^OES 

IN: Ihtematicnal S^nfXBkm en Space Technoikgy and SdsncBt 13tfa, Dol^, Jafsn^ Jine 28-July 3, 1982, PnxBadiiigs 
(ifi4-38127 18-12). IfakjiD, i0E R±ili^iii«, Ihc:., 19B2, p. 2U-220. NftStt^Mpprtei t^srdi. 

WIS: / ^BQQ SIER JOCKET EN31CS/ ^VmOSIOGN FIHS/ ^'SEMZ 1^^ HGHI^IEK^ ^^IHINIOGY 

ASSSSENT 

MD5: / HEKT 1B»EFER/ LDJIID GBOGOy HraREBS/ WOPSX/ TES£ HRIN; 

iSA: Aithor 

ABS: Liquid (SQ^gen/t^dhrocarixii (UB/SI) fueLsd engines are bedif; ocnslderad fior use in future hi^vpressure engines 
fior lajxh A^ehides and as possible replaconaits fior tlie odntal mana^^eciiig s^ysten and reekcticn ocntraL systen 
engines ai the Space Shuttle* Ri^ pet f om ame, reusability^ and lov life cycle cost are required for these 
applicatlcns. A tednaLo^ base for these engines is vcm heirg establidied. Ihis pT*^ pcovides a vedm of 
reoait results fran US/EC tedmLoey ocntracts for the (hticnal AGnnaitics and ^^;w^ Alidnistraticru 

84A3S137# ISSUE 16 BAGE 2290 QOHZRr 20 BFI»: AIAA BffilR 84-1223 84/06AX) 9 IMSS INli^SSIFIB^ 

UnL: DeveLopnent cf UBABl engine IE-5 

mSb A/YtmSfOfi, K.; E/FIUIIA, T.; CKHE91EA, H.; IVMnilUIHA, H. BAA: E/OfatiaBl S^aoe DevekpiHit ^^avy of 
J^pan, Kakuda, HLyegi, Japan); C/QfatiGnQl S^aoe E^velopiEnt i^gaxy of Japan, Ibkyo, Japan); Iy(^btiaBl 
Aetospaoe labocatxxy, Kakude^ Hljiegiy Japan) 

OD: JABm AIAAt Sffi, and ASE, Joint Ftopudslcn OnfiennQe, 20th, CindiiBti, GH, Jne U-U, 19B4. 9 p. 

MAS: / -^WStE UESBIt/ ^WStE VmS/ -KSS (SCBftKFS/ ^fWKGBH (SSGEN QGDGS/ * REEEHKB MX) EEUELGMNE/ 

MD6: / CIieEnEN(B»aiS^ENaiGlE5IS/]NH^ FEUISDCNS/ 

lESr SEdNS 

fBAx tuthx 

tBSt Tbe IE-5 is a seocnd stage engine of the B-I ^di is a future lauch v^djcie in Japan, (hticral 5Y»op 
OEMBlopiEnt i^gEncy of Jbpen (ftSDk) initiated the developnent of the IE-5 in 1977, and is to ocnptlete it by 
1SB5. Ihe desigi fiaasibility phase mbb oonpleted in 1982. }933k ocnducted the flight type engi» tests in a 
simulated altitude oonditicn fccm Septaiiaer 1982 to Febcuacy 19B4. B^gine -spp^ffr inpdse r«d«5 
appcodsBtely 448 s, esaoeeding tie dosiffied vaUijes The IE-5, with a inicije start method, starts witli hi^^ 
DeLiahLUty because of its sisple structLse. Ihe tests shov the ooniBtibility of the IE-5 with tts B-I. 

8aA29534* ISSK 12 BAGB 1708 QgB33V 20 8a^^ 

204 



unL: liquid rotet ptDpilslai: M aalmtim of our mtdoal ca|Hhmty - iln AIM positioi iBper 
OD: UWON; IfafYcdc, AiHdcan Institute of AEOTBUticsariitetrcrautics, 1983, 7 p. 

*ga«HIWFr HCfllSEaV *IHHIIflS ASSESafNT 
MS. The A«icBn]xBtitutea£AeaiBUtlcsariA5tramti(sTbchdcalQMdttBesaa 

aaA2Bfi93» BSffi U BIffi 15« QOHIFr 20 aM)4A]0 10 R!GES INlifiSIE^ 
unL: Liquiid-nxtet pcopiLsiai tednology 

smi A/sfoasm, r. l. 

MA: A/CUM Etefiaree and Sjpace ^statB (iop, Feirdo Beach, CA) 

ODj imSD SERIES; Astnraitics ad Aeronautics, vol. a, Apr. 1983, p. 46-52, 54-56. 

' M(us:/*unummimANriixKEreG]iE/*Li^ 

MDB:/ flMLMTO BKHISKIV aoOINIE lOOET Kim^WE^ HTOXaR^ OTETTEftHHl 

vmniES 

iiBA: V.L. 

^ stetiS,^rtit3tiaBfa:v*icl«,arispaoB4BSBdwBB|OT Qxriimtim of ptqgraiB viB air effldait 
tednoikg/ dwdqpmait. 

azjcTseazoaHUfffflcm: ewsu-tb^mixj? smbax) 28 rie iniassieih) oxiiot 

unL: DooBtratlm of Iw oost noBzLeless and noezkd rocket notocs 

HMt A/BCRS, 6. P. 

OFPtThittol Q«d«al Qxp., antsvliae, Ala. In AIL The 1981 JfiMW Ptopilsim Meeting, ^tel. 4p 33^366 (SB 
ffi2-73SB7]&^) 

(3D: Uinn>SDaE5 
^ HWS:/ -AIRTO AIR MBSQES^ MIR TO SFRffi MESSIIE/ *!HFISim SBIEM aOTOBAEniC/ *MWSKN SXSIIM 
IQKRMIZ/ 4HXXEr BGDCS/ -WSET (OmiS 

MDC: / ifflOJfflWIIC CHWOnasniS^ MIIlIMff THHII^ 



82A44488A# ISSUB 22 EMGE 3456 C«HnV 18 82/CBA^ 

UEIL: fAraxed rocket pcopulsiGn tednokg/ assessnait fioc future <=rarp trasportaticn 

asm: A/HUflEIE, A. W. BAA: A/(NftSA, langiBf Research Oenter, Sjpaoe ^tans Civ., Ifenptm, VA) 

OFP: NaitiaBl AecoButics aid Space AtaixiistratiGn. l^ngli^ Research QEnta:, Hanptcn, ^ 

OD: IMEUD SIKIES; Journal of S^aoeciaft aid Rockets, vdL. 19 July-Ag. 1982, p. 314-319. 

MWS: / nJiNE VfflKIES/ ^tfOULSEN SBIEM FHKRWCE/ ^WDCKEr EK3M; EESIQV *SRflE TR«BBCFEKEinV *SPiOQMFr 
HCHISDCN 

MIIB: / HHBOCSKN HJELS/ HHHXIN RES/ MASS/ SWE aUTHE tMN EK2NE/ THHCLOGY ASSES30Eiy TRAHTORT 
GFUMIZftnill 

mi ikjtitBc) 

ABS: Single-stage ail tto-stage lauxh vdiides \ae evaluated for various levels of propjQsiai tedndcg/ ad 
p^loeds. The evaluatitn induded trada pffis between asoait flij^t peifummue an vddde slzii^ tlat yoB 
driven ly egine mass, spedfic inpjlse, ad pcqpeUait requiranents. Nimenous mission, fiyit, ad 
MEWde-related requirEnHits and oonstraints moe satisfied In the desi^i process. The results dewed tint 
a*ranc3Bd tedTOkgy had a large effect on redudng both sdngLe- ad two-etEge vehicle size. Highiressuce 
tydrDcarixn-fueLad engines that were burled in parTilVl with tvo-positicn ixezle l5drcga>-fuelad allies 
reduced dry noss ty 23t for the tvo-staga vehicle and 2EK for the siTgLe-stsBB vdiide as oai|Hred to m 
all-l^drcgavfiielHi systen. The dbal-^esqpBnder engine reduced sii^gle-stage vehicle dry nces by 4K. Ibii^ 
advaioed tedmolqgy, the sine^le-stgge ^^de became oanBrable in size and sensitivity to ttet of the 
tuo-stEsie vehicle for anall pe^loads. 

7^£75706*# GSIHIIff 20RP»: NASArCRrfl3069 Rh6744 (N»: N!fiB-40O 66A39/ro 196 MES IKIASSIFIED DOOMff JftSi 

ms. Qu 

UHLi Advaioed oaitusticn chanter /tocodd/ AJ/ Hnal report, Jin. 1965 - Sep. 1966 

Mjmx A/IAFFSR, J. R. 

OFP; RxkweU Ihtecational Gbcp., Caxfpi Etek, CUif. 

QD: INCOED grflfTPR 

MIUS: / ^OlflEnm CBAICBS/ KDOLDG SKSmC/ 'WC^ 
MD6: / HEKT IRttCEER/ SBRRmZ lESCS 

78AOD82 ISSIE 1 B!GE 59 QflHIEr 44 77AXVro 4 EflCES UOASSIEIBD DOOlOir CEPaOEHr 

UnL: Gbal dpRulfiirlzation by the Battelle ^ydrothearal QbI ftooess 

ABH: A/SKMMJGB, E. P.; B/MUIER, J. P.; (/DM, S. S.; IVtMMN, S. P.; E/EHDWN, H. F.: F/CMON. H. 
B.; G/POSBR, J. P.; B^WK, N.; lAMEr, J. H. 

BAA2 I/(BateUe GbilLiifaus Ifbxatories, GoLhnfajs, Oxio) 
QD: INEQD ?iyros 

In: Bnsy des^kpnait m. (A78-11069 01-44) ffaf Ybdc, Institute of Electrical a^ Inc., 

1977, p. 12^127. ^»- f » ^ 

206 



IWBt /OM-QfimDflinVHBGrTBMarGSE/PXHCOSIS/Sim^ 

Ok: (fuAac) 

ifflS: A pcDQSS finr dianicsil clMiir« of ooal prior to ocntustlcn is the BatteUe ^fdEothajnal Goal Process. This 
process rot ady oonietes fevoc*ly oi an eooncndc scale with other desulfuriatian processes, hit It also has 
si^dflcait tedirlcgical advant^es. The Battelle ^/drotheniBl QhI Prooass staild ptoAjce ro siffxificait 
amnt of sliifee for disposal. Its prinBry aid products are deen solid fuel and elaiHital adfia: - vhidi can 
be narioBted or easily stncad - aid potentially rexiverabile metal values. In additiai, Ae BatteUe 
QidrothaaiBl Cbal ftooass, or imdlficatlcns of the ptooess, has the potential fior producing inixcwBd feedstDcte 
fior Qo^nn axi liquid ft^lg srd for prDdut±ig coal solutlcns vMch ooiild be a scuroe of coal chanicals. 

7«7131fi* QflHnff 99 FEU: I«SM»-D6eOO R-3962 (M*: N!e8-40D 6M11/00 65 BfiffiS INlASSmED DOOlfiir 

unL: BvaluBticn of advanced oaitusticn dianiier (toroid). \fdhstB 1: ajmBty 

TlSPt Final Report 

CCBP: Rxiouell fiiteoBticnal Gbrp., Canc^ I^xk, C^Qif . ^AELNHS 

OD: IMEUDSDOES 

HUB; / naJW. rESTTW HOT TRAIEPm/ HBGatBffllVE CDOLIIG 

7«7D9&i* OaBQCIOr 99 RP»: IKSMB-136625 R-3962-\a^ (Ml: ^ftS8-40D 63An/0O 319 BfiGES INIASSIEIH) COOMNT 

UriL: Evaluation of advsnoed ccnixBtian chsntaer (t(»roid), whine 2 

"US'. Final Bepxt 

OBP: Itodouell IhteDBtiaBl Cbcp., Cacc^ Itek, GEQlf. /SffiIL.NnS 

GEO: (NCIDTKIES 

MGi / mamim:(stitasasnDS/fBaTsti!SiEB/T!OBanB 

7402920* BSE 2 MB 2Sl C3aHIE5f 2B FPIt: AIM MIR 73-U79 73/11^ ID EflGES INIASSIEIED immff aPfflOEHr 

UnL: linear rodoet engine desigrv-febclcation-testins 

MSBiA/BIim, P. N. 

IMA: A/(R)dnell Jhtenaticnal Qzp. , Bodoetcfne DLv., C^nq^ taak, Oalif.) 

SAP: teCQS, $1.50; NNOfraS, $2.00 

Cao: i wrnn sdoES itoclcan Institute of Aeraaxdcs and Astrcreutics ail Socdely of Artonotive Bagineas, 
Ftqiilsicn Qnfiaaioe, 9th, las Veg^, Nev., Ibv. 5-7, 1S73, AIM 10 p. 

mjs: / *wf nigiTO CTRiTM fTtgmimnpK/ docket acne nsiay *giKE NoeaES/ * tbust cHfltffBS 

KINS: / MRSWE SSIEHS^ EIH3B0RIMDC/ FiaODEnm^ HOUSBlt SSSQM ISSCR«!NZ^ RXKET EAfSS/ BOCKET lEST 
UKUlXnES 

/Bfti (Author) 

207 



fSS: A na/ rocket engine ocnoept tint is presaitly beiiig evaLBted offers sigilflcant pecfoonenoet cost aid 
QonfigLsatiaBl advaitages. Ihe linaar Rocket Bnf^ Sf/stm ocnidnes die iitlqie yaf c oa ice and qg ra t i cn al 
advaitEges of the aecospikB nozzle vith the ocnfigucatiai MscsatUity o£ lov-oost modular oaxtustocs, \iiich 
tsults in a hi^vperfacmance rodcet engine package desisied specifically fiat use in advaxed ocnfigucaticn 
^/^cls. IMs paper describes the desiffi, fiabricaticn, and testir^; of the Linear Bo^ra S^em ocnoept to 
evaluate its potsitial for vehicle intqgcatiai. Ihe pccgcan lyas ccnducted mder the sponsorship of NASA's 
tteshall S^Boe Flight Oenter. 

74A115B9* ISSLE 1 RCE 120 CfflHIIff 2B RET*: Sffi EftHR 730944 73/KVOO 13 EflGES UCLASSIEIH) EDCLMENT tUflKUiU' 

UdL: linear rocket agine desigrv-fabricatiQn-testirc 

iUm: A/HUUER, P. N. 

ma A/(HocksienihtenHticnalG(ap., Bockettfe^ 

SAP: mtSSSf $1.25; NIIC»aBS, $2.00 

CDO; INIED SIKIE5 Sbciety of ilutnnotive B:igineess, IbticiBl Aenspaoe Dqgineerirs aid Manufacturii^ Meetiis, Los 
^k^geles, GallfM Oct. 16-18» 1973, 13 p. N^SA^pcnsoced ceseEOxh. 

MftJS: / KOHBTKN CMffiRS/ ^^tEttE TESTS/ *HBRISIIN SEE! aMEUWEKlB/ * BDCKET HGDE CESDaV *SEIKE 
taSLES 

HD6: / Fmansnav muis/ mzoE cesdgn/ Houusim sism besrimanz/ rxxet nd^es 

fBki (ikithor) 

i^t A nev rocket a^ine ocncept that is presaitly beir^g evaluated offers si^iificait perf omttme , oost, and 
QonfigucatdkxBl advafit^es. Ihe Linear Bodcet Q:)gine Systeot (lEES) ocnfaines the ufuque peifou mme and 
opaatioBl aivaitages of the aerospike noszile with tiie ocnftgnraticn versatility of Im cost ncdular 
Qoniustarst ^Mch results in a hi^vpecGofniBnoe rocket a^ine package desiffied specifically for use in advaxed 
configuratiai vehicles. Hiis paper describes the desj^i, fahdcatiai, end testily of the IPES ocnoept to 
evaluate its potential for vehicle integration. The [s?qgcan wb oonducted under the spcnsGcship of NASA's 
HjiTJian Fpre Flifi^t Oaiter. 

73N12B47* ISSIE 3 H£& 349 OSSBJEI 2B 72/08/00 12 B£ES INlASSinED UXUBE 

UnL: Ehgineeciis ad^oioes in aensspike rocket engines 

UOC: Rafiaumo e, Qci±usticn stabdHty, and ccntusticn efficiaxy of aecospdke rocket a^gines 

max a/bahet, r. 

QQBP: fbtioral Aerorautics avl Sjpaoe Aidnistratiai. Jto^iall S^aoe Fli^t Genter, OntsviUe, Ala. In its Res. 
AdiieyanEntsItev., ^fal. 4, lb. 6 p 75-86 (SE N73^12B«) 03-27) 

HfUS: / -KOBEEBJtlWnCSMS/ -KnBEHWSE^^ -^fSBFCRVIfCE/ ""iDCKEr EIGIIGS 

MD6: / QiaiE DESBK/ NXZLE EEEDCIBO/ RBGEtHVaiVE CDC^^ 

iBki B.H.V. 

AB5s The ad^^ntBges, disad^^ntaigesy and inpcGMesBits in the desi^i of aerospdke rocket engines are discussed. EMa 
QOMsr (1) ocnfaustion pffirjfncy, (2) aeroGpdke nozzle perfonicnoe» (3) steady state and dynamic cperatixn of 
full size thrust cherisers, (4) ccntustiGn stability» and (5) regenerative axsliiig of ocniustor and nozzle 
wlls. 

208 



7an2B40fr fISaE 3 IWZ 3«8 QaHncr 27 FPnh !«SA-'I»HE-64e90 72AB/00 138 EMSS UNaASyH-iMJ DOOMNT 

unL: Eteearch A±ieveiEnt5 Rewlev, mdlIiiie 4, no. 6: QTBiriral pcopulsicn research at MSPC 

WJd Berfiatmanoe, stability, and design of aa?oepikB aigines and aTgine systan cjiixieits 

OBP: Ibticnal /^oHUtics ari ?^**^ Atainistratlai. tfardHll S^aoe EUjJit Gaiter, antsviUe, Ala. AVAIL.NEIS 

sftP: a: $9.00 

CK): INQED SBQES 

WUS: / KTOOlCaL HBRISIDN/ ^flOMBUSniN SffiBIlin/ ^^EDE EESKIV ^*fHWIM»CE TESTS/ ^"KXXET EN3MS 

MIN5: / OMIBL HXIIHfiJr/ MEZIE EESmV HOUSKN SXSHM IHWHMtE/ SiBEBB EKaNBERWy TBSBT CBMHB/ 

iWt Cfetailad suniHries hi^Tlij^ting the scope and intaisity of wade dene, and bedrig done in ocniusticn stability, 
liquid/g^ hjdrcgEn puipirig, nozzles, fluid flov systen ccnponaits, and aecoepikB aigine thrust are ptesaited. 



209 



No: Pl.l Title: Fully Throttleable Engines (multi-phase) 



Operations Requirement : 

Design and develop main propulsion system rocket engines that are £ully 
throttleable from near to lOOSS. 

Rationale : 

The SSHEs can be throttled only from 65X to over lOOX. With multiple restart 
and lover thrust capability^ the MPS could be used for orbital maneuvering and 
de-orbit (OHS); thereby saving cost, weight, and T&C/O of separate OMS 
systems. For upper stages, this is possibly an alternative to simple 
pressure-fed engines, but has higher related operations cost, since it doesn't 
eliminate turbopumps. 

Sample Concept : 

Use tank-head start phase. Add a percentage of propellant to the chamber with 
a turbopump to increase mass flow* Gradually delete pressure-fed component to 
achieve maximum propellant mass flov. Thrust can then be tailored to mission 
profile to accommodate acceleration requirements. 

Technology Requirement : 

Must develop: 

1. SSHE multiple restart capability 

- Spark plug/arc 

- Hot resistor 

2. Throttleability 

- Multi -phase concept 

o Pressure fed 

o Turbopump assist 

o Full turbopump 

- Multi-segment toridal chamber 

3. MPS propellant acquisition technique for Zero-G restart 

Technology References : 

NASA/RECON: 84X10295 
See PI. 



210 



8ffil(E95H» ISSffi 6 CfflHIFr 20 aZ/MVO) U H(E INI^iSS^^ 
UHL: Bf^ines with broad xange of tfmst dcnge 
iUm: A/mSfOiaf, v. v.; B/BAZAKV, V. G. 

CDRP; Vbtiael Aooaitlcs sfri Spxs Aininlstratlcn, fediiiigtai, D.C In its Sd. BeadiiiBP a» Arfaticn and 
tBQxxBOtic, ISeO p 140-150 (SS XBA-IOBZ 06-82) 

CHh U.S.SJL TtaraL into BMUffl of the mono. "Tfeudiwe Chteniya po Aviatsd 1 KoenniavikB, 1980" Mcbow, 
VaiaVcESS, lSBlplB-121 

iBUsr 
HiN: / i^Manc oMia/ oieBncN (»»ffips^ HH. ooeiffnnv ML 3^^ 

ilBft: Author 

iiS: ImilaiHitatlcii of a aia>tii cte«B in a^ine tJmJSt oi« a hraad lange siffiificantly oqmb the wpadneital 
potaidaUties of tie liquid pcqpeDait rocket engines. toblaiB in the dasigi oE the iJcyid-iixpeUant jet 
amines with this amoth dBi«e in their thrust are eanined. Ai aialysis is inede of diffecent methods of 
rrailatiis the thrust \iridi guarantee satlsfactnty eooncny aid stability of the ocnlwstiai. The desiffi rf ttie 
jets ai dfeita fran testir« caitusticn cheribers equipped with than \*ich guaraitBe IS-fioW throttling of the 
thrust are described. 



211 



No: PI. 2 Title; Soft Engine Start 



Operations Requireaent t 

Revise rocket . engine start-transient time specifications to provide 
significantly lower thrust build-up rate. 

Rationale ; 

Existing SSHE rapid start can reduce life expectancy and increase 
refurbishment frequency of turbopump bearings > seals, and propellant valves. 

Saaple Concept : 

Same as Operations Requirement above. 

Technology Requireaent : 

None 

Technology References : 

See PI. 



212 



Ho: PI. 3 



Title; TVC by Delta Thrust and/or RCS/or Aero 



Operations Requireaent ! 

Provide TVC or some form of vehicle attitude control during MPS operation 
gimballed engines are eliminated. 



if 



Hationale ; 

Simplifying the vehicle systems and ground operations by deleting gimballed 
engines and associated systems requires alternate method of TVC or vehicle 
attitude control during MPS operation as proposed in Item PI. 



SaMple Concept ; 



differential 



Using multi-engine concept, and off-center thrust vectors, use 

throttling for trajectory control. Accept less than -normal" TVC angle 

specifications. Possible use of aerodynamic surfaces, also. 



Technology Require»cnt : 

Throttleable engines; see items Pl.l and P2 concepts, 



Technology References ; 

NASA/RECON: 



87N16551, 87N11735, 87A33249, 

86A28490, 85X74761, 85X73876, 

85A39562, 85A24795, 84X77582, 

84N24603, 84N12237, 84K10744, 

84A29544, 84A29543, 84A26701, 



87A32117, 87A19603, 86X75348, 

85N22229, 85A45971, 85A41019, 

84X72233, 84X10357, 84N72750, 

84K10153, 84A43401, 84A40143, 

84A16526, 84A11999, 83A11175 



213 



gM65Bl# ISSIE 8 Bffl 1092 QflHncr 63 FER: ia>^74250 86A)6/(I) 129 IIMGES O^^ 

UriL: kt intnxkictlcn to artificdal intalligEnce aid its potaitial use in space systans 

HSPi M.S. Thesis 

MSk A/KHNUD, GffiT V* 

aSP: tfaval BostgcalBte School, Manta?Ey, Calif* 

AP: Ai/ail: WS E: PCPAT tCO. 

QD: INCOED SDQES 

MUS: / *fflEBSW:E SSSDEMS/ /KIIEICML MmJGHCE^ ^KIMUIER VISHW ^^MA HCXESSINy ^»«aiHN EEIXMIiaV 
^VCBOCECS 

MII6: / MEOSME eO^ON:^ iSIDCHim: ONHI/ (HUD SESEII16/ NKHBAL lilNBUKE (OMUEEBS)/ SEME 

aituaoaiiii/ sememisskig/ sisiems mheaedgn 



i£S: IMs sucv^ of Artificial JhteUigEnoe (AT) islaseduiaia review of it histooy, its pMlosoiiiiGal 
devekpnenty ail subcatqepries of its ourzcnt tedndkgies. Ihese sobcategpcies are esqsrt systenB, natutal 
lar^JEge pcooessiiSy ccnpiter vision and pattern reocgpiticiit and tobotics aii autcncmous vehicles. Eh|iiasis 
is ttei diiected touani tte dascription of the findaDBital charactadLstics of a generic siBoe ^ystan^ indudiiie 
tte s ty^ ^ oLmum ts, nds^cn systen (inpunaits, gEXxnd node fmctionSy aid systan ndssicns* It is 
omdutei tat AI, in site of its innaturity as a sdaioe, vDl prove to be a baipflrial ocnponait of future 
space systEins. 

80NI1735** ISaE 3 PAS 306 QOHnGr 61 84^11/0) 11 ?fCES INIASSIEIBD DDOMNT 

UnL: A ivxilinaar pccgcanniic; nethod for systen desiffi with results that haEve been inplfliFn ted 

AUm; A/HAUEER, F. 

OBP: Boeins Aaxspaoe Gb., Seattle, %Gh. 

SAP: Auail: NHS h: A22/)F AOL In NASL lapsL^ Besearch Oaita: Beoent Bcperiencaes in Mul HrtisHpHn aty ikialysis 
ad Ottiiid2atlGn, I^rt 1, U p {SEE 167-11717 G3-G5) 

Caih INdBJSDOES 

WJSi / iKJSIBnSi AIEED TESOif/ i<nKSm KCHUME/ ^OSSW i!NALESIS/ ^KSEDIIZSEICN / ^"SDBUGHFAL ISSB3H/ ^SESISS 

mst / anantsnc moEs/ iqeegs/ mBisnif/ tmasi vramES/ sbace smnES / suface efibct ships 

iiBA: IU.F. 

AB6: A ga»al milinBar nugiaiml ig algocltfan QQtD) is discussed. An academic optindzaticn csenple is givatu The 
MX) nuLti-iiiutf iiulti-<utput oontrol system desigfi is disarffwd. NBD appLicatlcns rdative to lauxfa 
vdxide aitopLlot desigi, gpiro shittle static faalauet transient lespcnse critecla in the desigi of a rea:itry 
vddde control systen, ad vatecjet pDopulsLcn and lift systen QODpanents sized to a large sur&oe effiact ship 
are noted* 

87A33Z49 ISSK 13 H£E 2(X6 QOHZIff 63 aSAXVO) 480 H^ 
UnL: AlaptiMe methods fx oontzol systan dasigfi — Bock 

^OHx AA2FBL MOttI M.: B/IQBI, CHE-HAUBM: A/(Sefikatd»ari, UdMeaityi SaGicatoont Canada); B/(SoutfaBasta3i 

214 



ItesadiMtts IWvosity, Hrth Etetncuth, M\) EST: A/HX; B/H). 

SAP: MEnbeES, $44.95; ncnnadbexs, SS9.95 

CIDt CSma NwYoricI^Ptess, 1986, 480p. fe individuBl itare are abstracted in this ttoIuie. 

ttus; / *«QffnvB oMna/ KmncL skstems cesdgm' ^MPrmftL ombcl 

HfflOmS' HHnS/ ffiLF ia»PnVE OMBCL SSSIHB/ sioBftsm 

/B: CD. 

AHS- A oollBt:tima£r«rimpa|«sispcramtBdaridioo««stheadaptl^«tnBl^ 

LThSd^toS^^^^IBSttvo decades. HistDrlcal paspecti^« aid ajr^ m adapti^ ca^tt^ a« 
S^.^lftoy fior S^d^ofnoMrtoKBadapti^j^te^^d s^f^ ^^T^ 
Ssoj^. AbptiT« ociitiDlrfiixHrtainidaitsusir« dial caittoL aid rdatsdap^ 
J^SSoB Tairaaft control pcoUfliB, a3apti^« aitoiibte, a«i j«^ 

re addressod. 

87Aai7 BSffi 13 Bffl 2(M QflHIHr 63 87/CE/a) 6 EfiGES INIASSIEI^ 

UTIL: Qntrol operatlaB in advanced aero^Hce qstens 

iMH; AA»fflM, WnLDMR- BftA: A/(BSD Associates, Marina Ifel B^, CA) 

cm: IMEIH) SiaiES; (IFAC ^nposiun en Qntr^ Mstrihited ^ter^*^' g *8Pl«' °^ ^ ^^^^ ^' 
1986) IHE Qntml ^Btans J^zine (ISaJ 0272-1706), vol. 7, Feb. 1S87, p. ^. 

WJS:/ *tmSBt(Z SISBS/ ^fflKPAFT aMBO/ *AUnMmE QMBO/ ^CNKL dmSFS) mOW iDISMaSED 

MirS./AIR MfflHDB BGDfS/ AliW JET AHOWPiy OMBCL SBIDB EESIQV EJOMfEBinm /Cnvm/ (HMGECftL 
' SUn/BSS/HraE^CElHESQDR/NASASKSHnSAM^BCECOCS 

mx M.SJL 

- ssr n?rdi^.r^5£^r^^ 

fSf^^^tJL toaIb«^teeUatir«ttesutfeDBofltes. The oottite are beli« inplflmted in the 



87A19eOB* BSffi 6 Bffl 741 QOHncr 18 86AX1AX) 400 BM2S INIASSIEIH) ^^ 

Um: Artlfidal irteUigax* fx Skaoe Statim aitomtlau Qw safety, irotetlvlty, aitaw, a«iHitai 

a^dbmty — BodC 
tim A/EIFamN, O.; B/OTKEFP. M. P.; C/BSK. W.; IVCHHMflW, P. O; B^JI™* J- ^ ^^^^ 

aw. HrtiaBl AetoHudcs ad Spaoe Ahdnlsttaticn. lyndm B. Johsn *aoe Ga«a:, Bourton, TJac; Stt 
Ihtemticnal Gxp., Menlo Itek, Cklif. 

SAP: $48 

215 



OD: INQH) SEKIES; Besesrdi sfxnsocad ty NASA. V&± Ri^ge, NJ, Kyss Bidicatiors, 1986, 400 p. 

MAJS: / "i^SCnEBCIAL MEUUEENOB/ I'sftUmiimE: QTNlRiy *gvrR snmTMy ^^yffnWTCGY ASEESagHT 

MDB: /ffiCEEflCE THHOIXar TR*BFBR/ DDEHff SEEMS/ MOWOICN SffiUMy WN MCHBB SXSEB/ MBOff (CQfUIHB)/ 

ABS: Ar rifirlal inteUlgenoe Off) BSD pccijects fix the .surmyrfiil aid e££icient opeEatiai of tls S^BQe Stadai aie 
ebscribe d . Ihe book eqpikxes tis nxBt advaned M-based tednikf^, levies the leailts of oonoqit desigi 
studies tD detanrine tequiied AE rapahilities, details deDOBtzadais that cauM indicate te edstoxs of 
ttee capafaUlties, and d»elqps an BSD plai Imtting to such damstiatiaB. Rnrtlailar attmticn is gi\ei to 
tele op erat ion and lofaotics, saisocs, eqiert systans, ocnpitas, plaiiiis, and naMoeddne intofice. 

QBXJSSm CaSOaS WFPH: i»«99257L TR-0086(64eCWE)-l aMR«-66 OOf s E0«Dl-a^oaB6 86/0ZA)4 21 ttCES 

UnU Iht^gcatBd lanch vehicle and spaoecxaft avionics: A fieasibile optLcn 
TLSP: Final Beport 
tUSBi A/GELUKO', J. D. 

OBP; AerospaoeCbrp., ELSegundo, Qdlf. CSS: (Quddanoe axi CknttoL Dlv.) l«C: 00 
C3D: IMIQ) SCIBE5 

H(VJS: / ^flOHffiaEKN (IBOCS)/ *timvinc ajmjU *AYKMES/ *I^HaIAL GUEMCE/ * LflNH VBOOIS/ ^WVDaflHlV 
^•SBACHSAFT CnfOBOS/ 'iSBICHIUVFr OIQBC^ * SBCBCBAFT GUn^aCE 

MII6: / COMAN) GUIDttCE/ lEASQUZTr iiNAIXSXS/ (XTIOG/ BBOIIBEFENIS 

86A2849(> ISaE 12 BMZ 16S1 QOBZEQr 8 (NTIh N!!G1-28B CUT (IF 1 LDC iOCOOL AIN HCH dOG. VSN. 

UnL: tn €9qpert pSaner fix the ^cadc flight aiviicniEnt 

AflH: AAON, D. a BAA: A/(E^istaB, Ihc, Gadail Uv., IlfeOls, IX) 

(XRP: E-^staiB, Inc., EbUas, Tex. 

OD: INHH) SlfflES; 1». NfBXKigGS; RasBdii«s of the IfatdoBl iteRSfaoe an) QectzoxUs OnfiaeioBt IkBrtoi, 
CH, Iter 20-24, 1965. Wluie 2 (A86-2B326 12-04). Nw %dc, Institute of ElectrlaL ad Electniitcs fistoas. 
1985, p. 1347-1354. 

mjSi / *msamn: msns/ ^cEwmnom) smiAnny ^Bagtr sssdms/ tfTjmr rotbr / ^lamr numy ^ffpiTS 

MII6: /ADCBAPT tCOIBaS/ ATCMFT BAZARS/ TBAJBCnSY ONIBCL 
i»^ Aittn: 

/St iMs paper pwsarts a ichust robot cJanar that fuKtioB in the caipkK ari t^ytwrir fUtfrt- «w»<n ihenbot 
piloc flies ai aixcnft betHem tK> aixports ad coi aetjust in flielit to dB«BS in tls awixnnnt sudi as 
dosed destinatian aiipxt, tfandostora in the fli(^t path, and fidled a«im. Us pilaner adjmts to tte 
weld chaiBBs ty local^ patcMic; acDutd the fareek pcdnt insteed of coaiilete tepaaidi^. Us pdanbs 
axhitectus is based on the vtstiasl deoonpositlon of domedn londedlBe, tesultlii^ in MOat plaidis ad 
leooMay jfimdrq. IMs tobot fU^ plana: cai be utiliaed n tte font ad of m inteUiflBit fU^ 
fflcnitor. Ihe fli^ planer ^ynendcally genaates the leCattum that ate used to deteodm iliethar the flidit 
cxar shcuLd be notified of potoitial pcobLans. Ihe iDplflDEntatlon of this zobot pilai« is also «w«wiy »^, 

216 



ffiK74761QflHaCiCreOFET|: JHIS«I>«^XB4. 85A)4/ra 156 MGES INXASSDIED OX^ 

unL: USai reprt: Q/beaxXixs, ocnpitecs aid autanaticn tedmlflBy 

OFP: Jbdnt Ridlcations Reseaixh Sendee, Adingtcn, ^fe. 

aOt U.S.SJL TcansL. into HBUSB ftan varioB Resdai articks 

MDB:/ia»PnVE 00010/ iMlMflATmia/aMUIffimXJWfflNyaMUIHlSOEMSI^^ IBDCESSINy lEBav 

a5SJ73B7e» QOmiff 20Fm: i&flOB9^i»iLAF«M,-TR^30BO(Ml: Fm^^&^m. QMB/2D 221 BflOS INIASSIEIH) 
OOOieir IB OV AGDOES /N) aHQUCIIFS 

uriLi SdecteUe timfit nxtet/attitude oontrol Tiff : HibI Report, Jan. 1983 - .in. 1S84 

iymB: A/SfflGaff, W. H.; WmCSeaH, C.; (yMBElL, M.; U/3BJZI, K. 

CCRP: Atlantic Reseaixh Cbtp., Qadnesvllle, Va. 

QSy. iMnH) SDOES; Vti^t-ftitteEgcn AFB, CHo Air Fbrce Wtyit Aaxnaitical Ids. 

mjst / *majiimc amasasncs/ *«rmuE omhi/ *sjanms/ *csnmc hessube/ *B]BcniN sas/ ^Egcsre 
SBiHfi/ *flna AianiiE/ *BnB HESsuiy * Hiffl SHHV 'yET own^ 

MDB! /CHimwmiMIWS (HlIEyFUfflrRffiB/G6SmW/GAS(S«RAnK/HIfflTIM^^ 
' HOULSECN/ BOCKET ETGDCS/ IML ASSEFELIES 

aaC2229*# BSE 12 ME 1947 QSSSSBI 63 85/01/00 20 EflGES INXASSIEIED EDOMNT 

unL: Bvaluatian of aqpert ^ystans 

AUm: A/HDHNIIT, M. A. 

OBP: AUMBlHy., Mmdi^Hn. CSS: (Dept. of Gcnixita: axi IhfioniBtim Sdaice.) fflMUttES 

SAP: HC m/VP HB; In Akfana IWv. Bes. Hept.: 1S84 NftSA/A^ Sunna: Ftailty FeUarfiip Ptcgcam 
(MfiMIHTBIT) 20p (SffiIB5-2221D 12-aO) 

C3D: IHEIB) SDOES 

HOC: / /OimiE OMBCL/ NUflODa. QMBOL/ ffilffllAFr EMnBCMOnS 

AM: 6.L.a 

AES: The <rfy suooassful affdlai aim of artificial totdlijptt 
ari atOT infionatlm atout tte adutlm <rf (ttffiadt pcob^ 

ari are to caiHlile afiidiiiiddi«eqwtbdHwi«infiniir«ajJu^ NASA liWarfs to 

liMBtlete the afpllcaticn of this techidflgy toiiHMBB«Hit ariocnttolsdtiBtiaB In a^B» statim 
mixm^, spedficaUy fiK pot«, heat, oOTiuiicatiaB, ari attitiite ooitrol, ^ time 

luen naxeaiBit is labcdoB, cepecLtive, ad evettuaUy enor-fEcne. 



a5AAS971» BSUB 22 Bffl 3232 QOBaDEDr 9 FPU: AIAA BAHR 85-1911 85/tBA» 5 BfiGES UOASSIEIH) nXUfiff 

Uffli Tte ObUJiB ifflB iWntamK Astern for the Boeiis 757/967 — AitqEdM Fl^ 

217 



MSIBi A/GRETDER, J* E. 

BfAi A/(Itockuell Ihtanatianal Qxp.f Gadar Rapids, lA) 

CEO: WnS) SERIES - AIM* QuidEnQey ^fe?d^tial and Qxittol Oc nfi EtBre, Sxmibss, CD, kjg* 1^-21, 1985* 5 p. 

MyS: / ^''AUICHKEDC FL&ST (XNBOU ^tUSJOtVOlC HUJES/ ^^IBdHNDC mJIBOff TESTS/ * IN^OGHT MNESOEWS/ 

mstmmE 

MD6: / BOESN; 757 AOGMFiy KEDG 767 OBCStFU mCR nXECnnH OCEES/ GROIN) TSSS/ 9LF lESES 

ABA: kjAac 

ABS: Ihe AFDB naintaiancse pccnddes a flight line mdntienence capehUlly for buLt detectdGn and fault isolation. A 
cafBbility is poGvided for sciUESik lelatBi testirig of a line Replaoeabile Ihit (UU)* Thex tests verify 
opaatJoi of tiie UU and tiie establi^inait of interfaces to that IRJ. The MsdntSBnoe System ooitains a q^l f 
test capability. The MEontEnenoe GbntmL and Displsy Vansl (MGCP) is the CBitraliaBd nEdntenanoe ocnputer 
located in the equLpnent bey. The HUP contains buttons to initiate tests and respond to sinple questUns and 
Qcntains a display efflcimt for oomtUTlcatirg abbreviated EkQ^Lish laofsjag^ nessages. In flight, cnly faults 
knofti to create a Flight Oack Effect are reported. Eech of the fli^^t ocnputers provide fault reportii^ and 
gnxnd test capability. Th^ pn^dde nedntensnoe data to te KIP via HWC 429 Btcs. 

8SA4iai9|» ISSUE B BKZ 2756 CfflBIKr 8 84AX^ IhJABSGS; INIASSMED DOCUfNT 

UIIL: Optical tednolcgy for flight ocntrol systens 

mSBx MKOIXGL, VL 

OD: JAEflN; Japan Society for iferonoitical and SpecB Sdaioes, Jbunial (ISSN 002W663), vd. 32, no. 369, 1984, 
p. 583-593. In Japanese. 

Mys: / mnoKnc fldgrt qdnho/ ^KJotasoL skihs cesiq^ ^kigomed qkia hccessiic/ ^(pmxL bjebwc/ ^^sobohy 
^ AUG^BiIma^^vIEaaa7ASSEsacN^ 

MII6: /tCmR (INIBOIvXIKIBOL GONFIOBED VEHKIES/niEnSL 1BAN9DUCEBS/ FIEER (FEBS/ (FEECAL DfflA IBOCESSIN; 

IBkt &H. 

ABS: Q[)tical appUcatlGns to tie fli^^t ocnttol system jndudii^ cpdcal data bus, sensors, and <T?nCT|inpn? are 
areGyzed. BenpLes of cpticail data bus include airborne lifi^t optical fiber tedmLggy (ALQFr)» F^5E, liC-14, 
m-^ M[[r5ID.1553 fiber optic data bus, and N!y:r<]ptic data bus. This NAL ^ticral Aoo^aoe 
Iabocatory>-optic data bus (based on tie HEL-SID-1S53B) is applied to SDDL, ad its dBracteristlcs are 
stDBSsed. Mnriplffi and adwnbuges of cptical pulse-digital transducers are discussed. 

a»39562» ISSUE 18 RACE 2625 QaB3SC7 8 85A^ 

UEEL: Robust ndssile autopilot design usii^ a gEnecaUaod si^gjlar optinaL ocntrol technique 

^IHH: a/UN, C-F.; B/LEE, S. F. BAA: A/(BoeingQo., Seattle, \K); E/(IittQn Iidustris, Vbodlaxl Hills, CA) 

CaOt INEIH) SEKIES; (Qddanoe and Gbntrol Ctanfercnoe, Seattle, ^ Aigust 20-22, 19B4, TSachdcea Bapets, p. 
124-132) Jcumal of Gbtdancae, Qntrol, and E^raolGS dSEN 0731-5090), mqI. 8, JUly^. 1985, p. 498-507. 
ftedflusly cited in Issue 21, p. 2998, Aooessdon no. i)84^43414. 

Hius: / mnoKnn vnncs/ ^wssoe cniiRCL/'AMEssimTB&iBcnKiES/'^^^ ^vmxr hmdg rassuEs/ 

^nstanm (fosmm/ ^f^stijEcs^ 

MD6: / iOffnyE (XNBOJ AEHniE SEffilLZn/ ONIROL SJSmS TSSS3V FEOBMX (XNBOU EEB) FQFUIH} COaPOU 
RCBUBDCSS (HKiraimCS)/ TEEHDW. (im^ 

218 



a5ft2ft75B*» BSffi ID Bffi 1347 QOHaro 18 85A3MI) 4 BflGE U^^ 

UnL: B([m)ii« roile for aitcncny in military s^ece 

iaSk A/EBMB, D. D.; B/GftJHKI, R. R. 

mz A/(Cai&mia liBtitute of Tfednokg/, Jet Ptcpulsim labomtocy, Iteadaa, tt); B/(USff, ^Boe TtedmlcBr 

G^itEr, Kirtland AFB, Nf) 
OCRPtJet ftqMlsimIab.,caifcmia3iBt. of Ttedi.. fesadaa.; Air Fteoe *9ce Ttectadcgy toter, Hrtlaxi AEB, 

N. Hadoo. 
CID: IHnSDSMES; AttCBpaoB Ansrica (ISai 0740-72250, ^«l• 23» »*• ^1S85, p. 74-77. 

HUB: /AIBHR«/S«fflHE dMUUBS' MnEOAL MHLHEIE/ ESHKT SBIHfi/ Fittl TOIRKE/ (MOfflD DOA 
EEKXESSIIG 

ilBA: H.SJC 

Si^^Sf^ to sIstaiB vin beperiolitallychadcaiarloaiparedwithai ideal in the date base. 
^,t^.^^ ^S^L^JlnrrSteSa/rBinfaiteanimtiailytsD ndacprocessats, Oridi an 

point tlmt th^ satisfy military specifications is eqected to take ID yr. 

843C775B2»QflHnffl8Km: AD^Bm. aX>Aff.^W]0&-^a^ AFVM.TI^307fr.Va^ OW^ F3a61S«^3019 8^37/00 
2 VOS 485 B£ES INlASSiniD DQOlQir 15 O^ A3NCIES 

UnL: AdvaxHi MlUtary StBCBflJ^t (MriHty (AMSC) tBcta^ 

TL^ HibI Iteprt, A«. 1S81 - Mar. 1983 

ilUm: A/ffiftlD. D. A.; B/iMHBCN, D. A.; C/BaWM, M. D.; rVHOBR, D. L.; E/IBWB, R. E. 

aW:Qa«alIVtHidcsODrp., SannUgo, CaOlf. CSS: (Qnwair Dlv.) 

OD: UNDH) SDOES; Vri^t-tettascn AEB, (Ho AFIBL 

VUNERfflLEIT 

♦••••••••••••••••••♦••••••••••••••********** • 

84X72233»QflHiro4Fnt: M376e09L Pn>.n)CBS)M93^ aVCB/31 2D7 BKS l^^ 

UnL: Itaid^ticnt gjidance at«i control optfadzatiai 
aBP:AirtaQe^«taisOaii««i,yd^t-&tta3cnAFB,(hio. CSS: (FwiffntedndflBr Dlv.) 

"^ OD: U.S.S.R- tosL intD BOIffl frm nm>. «»tdffttsiya Ihwedadj* i (^rtiriiatsijia l*^ 
pl-12 

219 



WJSi / -fWXJBim HXKET BGPCS / ^^OCNFEEBCES/ ^^UEHT BOBS/ ^WIIMOmaV 'WCKET WSOE (JJtaSOU i^tOSStFT 
OJEDtmS/ ^SSKHBAFT (BBEES/ ^^^BFUBT (INIHL 

HIN5: /MOFnaS/ ACmUE (XNDII/aCNinOL IffiSS/ OCNliaJUEBS/ LDEfiR SSSIQ6/ NISUIESCDIV CFEDOZftCnii^ SCWIEr 
SttSBfFU SfCSStFT WnaV SSSIEKS 

84ajQQS7^ ISSUE 8 OOSSEI 16 84/07/00 14 EMXS UQU^SSIFIED DOOlCNr DCIGSnC 

UnL: Qnoepts snd tednolqey fix advanced space txanspartatim systens 

HSSBx A/GfiBOS, E. A. 

(XEP: (btdonal Aectrautics and Space AdninistratiGnt Wad rfq gtai, D.& 

SAP: United by IEI!R In Nf£A langlj^ Research OEnte: iklvai. in IPS aid Struct, fior y ^?R ro Ttarsportaticn Systeis p 
1-14 (SE JB4-ia356 08-16) 

QD: IMCIED -^tfTTS 

MIUS: / ^ <<HP6B flCE VEmOES/ ^lilKH VmOES/ ^^MESSIN IliiNlDG 'KIBIT TEtmSFER VEHECUS/ '^SME MESSDGNS/ ^^SlXCE 

HINS: /mJfn^lE WaSdflS/ AEHHUKINV MCCtPJME/ (sens/ EBENSOT VmECLES/ FQEfiBLE StaSOStFU SMHSAFT 
mONERS/ TBERi^ !IOIBCinEN 

ABA: AJLH. 

AB5: Future rociuiraiBits £dc Adv^anoed S^aoe 'Danspcrtaticn Estate (ASIS) are assessed in terns of Gurreit fVSk 
vAssim nxxlels. Cbnoepts and tedmLqey requiraiHits fior ASES are Hignwaprf wltii particular ariiBsis en 
EEortli-tcMxfalt and oitital t cai s fi a ' vehicles* HissiGnH:eIated tednoikey requiraiEnts for ELi^t 
Qonfigjratiais, £lj£^t GGntrol, aero heatiiQ:, aid materiaLls aid structures are eqphasiaed. TadnoLcg/ drivss 
fior the vaodous ndssions are Jdentifiai and key tednolqey issues related to theimL protectiGn systsns ail 
structural requirements are enhasiaed. Other issues, sudi as t*¥^ basiis of ccfaltal tras^fier vcMcLss 
(aiV's)t esqiEndahle or reiBahle tcansportatlcn s^ystsns, aid aero bcatdr^ fior OlV'Sy are also addcBsed in 
relatiofi to thennal protectian systens and structural recjuireiHits. Time line fix tednotLcg/ devekpcnt fix 
the \arious filJj^t ocnfigiirRtfcns are included. 

84N727SOI GKIHZRr 4 BFIf: EBB4-116441 AP[>m-l 81^/00 164 IKKGES O^^ 

UnL: HlcxoNeMe ladx^ systsn txasdticn plan 

OCBP: Padoal AdatiGn AdninistratiGnt \feh ii gtai, D.C. 

CSS: (OEEioe of ^!viatiai Balicy and SlafBO A^BOLI^ 

QD* INEDSD -^jCTSR 

MAB: / -KOBE ESDHOES/ "ONSnUfiir UHSJSG SOEMS/ ^WOOSSE UHmC SXSID6/ ^WUC tBJSrSK/ ^nBOODSl 



MIN5: /AKDONECS/ QMRNBir BFEHnS/CBGUND SUHCRT BJEBBHC/ ttBUBISR HWnFBXnntl/ SISDULES/ UOlfflDG 

BMASm JSaE 15 EKE 2265 aaHTRf 12 RPIf t Mm><:^3S0 Jmi-92r«i^^B/^ In 

BUJSl and ¥BSCBi INIASSIEIH) IXXUBir 

UnL: Guidance and Cbnttol Tadidques fix fAfaxed Spece ^Mdcles 

OBP: AdvisQcy Qoajp fix AcrosiBce Regsarch and DeveLopnait, NEuilljfuaflr-^eiK (Raioe). AKAIlMNns 

SAP: BCAlS/lFAaL 

220 



OD: HMNC^ ^np. heOd in Fkraice, 27-30 Sep, 1383 

YtJS: I *fCJJBfCI/ *tCaKS!aBB/ MTEmiE (XSmL/ *IMA HOCESSINy ^GfflDSCHES^ * NfiHEMmV *fflSFS/ *fflfl£E 

MBB: / aresm Hoa^MB/ (bst EsnMMEy l«ce sro: sipuciifes/ m^^ poseekn 

* ESDMEBIV OEHnaL aRHIONy awmWFT EOCKIMy a5ACBCPAFT MfifELNEFS 

i»N: This sjiniiosiuii dealt witti sjaoBcraft ptoUaiB, the tuple beii« guidEnoe and ocntrol totnitpjes for advaiced 
SEEKS \ddclB. Militaiy a^pplicatlcns of space fioc navigation, cananicaticn and inCelUgEnoe inps e 
inxeasiis raquirBiHits on spececraft capadty, oridt oontraL aid painting acxMacy. lb meet the tafdcanaits 
fine fiiturc spaoacraft tiK p a li umaiLe of esdstdug oonponaits, sudi as actuators and sensoes, is impamed or nw 
onoEpts ace deweloped. In partiojOar the use of ndcioprooessQcs and other data dlstrihitiai ^fstans pendts 
duLtlfinctlcnBQ. use of gracious saisors or infionnaticn souroes to produce effiactive, amvi'vahleqgtais at lar 
QQSt. Ihcreasai« ai-boatd oonputing capadty aiahiles the use of sqWsticatBd software for effective ocnpllsc 
spaoBctaft ocntrol. A urique aspect of laige spacecraft is the ocntrol of the structural ccnfiffjnatlaiin 
otda: to acWewe a specific pointir« aooutacy. large structures, with tiieir medBnical fladhdUty, pssait 
nartioular problfliB to tie ocntrol aTginaa: and ocntrol/structure interaction (CSI) is a driving fincoe in may 
outreit pa^sBB ani figured largely in Us papers presaited. Ebr individual titles, see 184-34604 throq^ 
r64-24626. 

8«n2237*# ISaE 3 BCE 345 aOBJKI 20 a3/12A]0 6 PA3S UUJSSIFISD DOOMNT 

unL: Qnfaiifid attitude ocntrol and acigy storage 

mSB: MBEtmH, H. 

OFP: fetioHl Aaoreutics aii SiBoe Adninistratiai. Goddard Spaoe Eli^t Center, Ckeaibelt, Md. /SMUOnS 

SftP: ac AID/MF tCO. In MSA. la^L^ Eeseardi Ctoter Integrated Flyvteel Itednol. , 19G3 p 93-98 (Sffi IB4-12228 
03-20) 

QjOi INCM) SDQES 

MIUS: / 4«riZIUE ONBGL' ^'OeCf SICEUGE/ *FI2naS£/ *^^ 

M06: /PAriIIEMIES/HICnCB«BGZ^MaFKES(I«!arofflro 

J 

fBh B.G. 

OBt Tte effect en attitude ocntrol by nultiple ^heeils (used fix enecg/ stDcagB) is described. 

8*10744 dtaWXBXNIt: 1*51-17633 EUfi O0B3B3812 CI»! 2DB350Z Ibticral AEronautics and ^aoe AMnistratlcn. 
la^ Research Gteter, HEoptcnt ^ BockueU IhteoBticnal Gbrp., Dmi^, C^lif. 

unL: The aR)lic*mty of ocnposite matsials tednaLogy to an attitude ocntrol and Btxgf storage systan 
IM3ASSIFIED JMUHGT 30, 1984 / JUUT 31, 1985 

1M: AAQUIMfi, J. L. A/161 18005 BQB3B) 

i«us« /*mamtsic nwy ^^smojE awna/ *aH<osnB mmhoms/ oooGanc FumB/ i&bcs sbkcb/ m soEis/ 
*<uiE ooE OSES/ moEnc mass/ mssBmoB/ mammcPL nms^ ^mmouv *neckh.' esnoai 

BgnHOES/ * FADWn: FUK EEBEH/ ^WGaiBmVE FUEL CHIS^ *S12E (mOBUlB)/ *gOUR tfBMB/ *ffl(KE 
SmnCNS/ ^)fiBmiMFr ONIiay *9!(miVffr HJIBl SUEfl^ 

J«am53 (M3d4XB) cm: »Sl-1740a IM»: 041162330 OD*: 1013309 fetiaal /erorautics and S^aoB Ahdnlstration. 
— Ia^9 Research Gaiter, Hanptcn, ^ Textroi, Inc., Irvine, C^Qif. 

UriL: Fli^ crucial fli^t ccntrol systaiB stat&<jf-tBdnjlqBy axv^ imissurmi Jll S, 1983 / ME 30, 1985 

221 



Df: A/SPTEZER, & IL A/472 

HE: B/mSES5, E. lEKRES ESOOSi 

mjsi / ^'fmjKnc fldgbt onscl/ mvenks/ -f^ism ocNna/ ^seuess/ ^^iBcaiiixzr ASSEsacNT 

84A434QL ISSIE n BACE 3U)4 GOHXEOr 63 84A^ 

unL; GLddance and Gbntrol Ctnfieacencei Seattle, Vkf hj^JBt 20-22, 19B4y IkiniGal Efefsecs 

SftP; Menisecs, $55.; im i mijas , $70 

OD: wnSi SSasS; Qi ifa tmue sponsogB d ty the Anedcai Institute of Aaxnaistics ad i^trcrautlGS. Itef Totk, 
AnerLcai Institute of Asnnaudcs aid Asttcneutics, 1984, 780 p. Rb: individued itesB see PB^-A^KH to 
ABM3486. 

MAJS: / ^KUCERBCES/ ^ONROL TKEO/ ^KUDJINZ (MCfEON) 

MnC: / Jg Cft SSESiy ADOMFT OMIHX/iOaffllC FDiJ^ ONIICL SZSIB6 

CESDGN^ FEEBAtK OMIBOL/ FLDGHT (XNSOL/ GUSAL FOSEEKNIIG SZSISl/ HCBTIAL mnnOSN/ OFEDHL 01010/ 
CFmOZftEKN/ CPBTIAL SEVICDG/ FOKNOK; (XNIia. SESlBtS/ HCBEU^ KKDG MISSOES/ SB£E 

mmxnav sPitSK^i (jnsou smAEnui imam, osdhxe 

f&a o.a 

fBSi imxig the giddanoe arid ocntrol topics dlsniBged aie aitovnoB space c raf t navigitiGny aenassisted ocbital 
plaae chapge, s p acecraf t anpUcatLcns of inertiaL aieaqB/ stocage steels, adss distance ^f/remcs in hasdrg 
ndssilest robust mifgrilp autopilot desiffi, the S^ace TeHesocpe ALtennte Fine GuidanQe Sensor, iratrunent 
fail) me detecticn and isoilatiGn in a system vitii ^^ardafale plait patanetecs, tlie CGntrol of foc^tacd swept wii^ 
ocnflgifrfltims damnated ty flight (^yranic-eBCoeOlastic intecactLcns, Global Ibsiticnirs ^nstan applications to 
geodesy, airbocne gravity measucBnait vith a astroinerdal systan, discrete optimal ocntrol sQlutioi:s 
applicable to mii?ri1p guLdanoe, and msKinun infiocmation guidanoe for hcmiiig ndssiles. Also ocnsideDed are the 
analysis of a control concept for ^ecticn #Gats, laige flwrihle structure ocntroiUability i n p rovoua its, 
nulti\ed lazge airczaft, airbocne wind shear detectiai, robust ocnpafiator synthesis ly frequen^i^^haped 
estimatLcn, cUgLtal flij^t ncde ocntrol systems for hd^ pe rf D u n axB airtnaft with flight pcopulslcn control 
Qoupliic;, a modd-fioILwing ocntrol systan fir hdiooptas, the inBnaxve±s of disddbuted spacecraft, rolL^ 
Qcntrdof fladUIe 

84MQ143 ISSUE 19 Bf!(2 2B16 OraXIV 

UnL: Aircraft and spaoecraft ocntrol — Rjssiai bock 

AUIHs A/BEKV, B. N. 

OD: U.S.S.R.; Mosoov, ladatBl'stvo rfaica (B. N. Petrol Izbcaiye Ibjcbr. ^folune 2), 1983, 32B p. IhRcsian. 

MAJS: / ^f^JBCBtFT ojtmv ^<ntm^ 

MINS: / AHOAFT INSDUBOS/ AIIXniE ONBCL/ ilUIDMmC F^^ QMOa/ NfiOEKnEN SGHUfiOS/ 

OGOffiO DSA WCaSSaC/ EESOFY GUEKNE / BOCKET BGDC OXOBCL/ StCBOStPI II6IIU0IIS/ SSIBS 
EiGNSESSE/TEEtfStLQISEtiifS/ ISUST CDNDCI/ VARDfflLE GSIEIRf SIEUCIIBES 

mx I.B. 

ABB: Ihe second editkn of a oaUection of essEQ^ and articles en airczaft and yi^^ raf f ocntrol ty ora of tte 
fiurios of te Soviet space pccgrara is pcesented. Attention is glMcn to genecal techfilcal pDohLems of 
adrczaft ocntrol systems, induUng attitude oontrol, antvol of y^^''i^F t durix^ reaitzy, and oontrol of 
airczaft and spacecraft propulsion systems. Sooe technical issues in the dasiffi of aitcmatic flight anted 
systems, flig^ data neneeaiEnt ^y^tens en board aircraft and spaoecraft, and the appLicaticn of <fata 
pcooBssing tednOcgf to radioso u ndlig caqaerimgits in space ace also farieEIy discussed. 

222 



aM29544 ISaE 12 BCE 1£8B CKEHIIDr 8 Fm: Sffi Rffiffi 831486 83/00/00 5 EflGES UOASSIEIED nXUWT 

unL: Rituce £lJ£^t antmL cafsfaUity develcpnait 

AfflB: A/FLON, E. H. BftA: A/(IBAF, Wdjjit-fttteison AFB, CH) 

aD* WEM) SBOES; IN; AarjEpaoe f1»rlt< power aid Qontrol systans; PTOoBeitags of the Aero^Bce Ocngrass and 
B«positiai, Ia« Beaidi, O, October 3-6, 1983 (AaW9540 12-08). \fetra«ble, Bi, Sodety of AitanotivE 
Eng^ieas, liic., 1983, p. 43-47. 

wjs: I *SBas^ swaoDBE cofuiHs/ ^^sssm. oNna/ MEip,Anx; fldgbt coma/ ^lEnaL MHEGannv *sibihb 

OQBGBIiaia^^ '''OHBaaSDCML HFBQ^SIDG 

HDB: /iaWBfflffil AIR MaOEfflnV ^KHEIBCnFE (OWHJIHB)/ BO«R AERCBAFE/ QOA MflNSGaHOy nuiUK AIKMFiy 
' NEBT ELDEHIS (AEROMFT)/ OBMD EKIA HCCESSWy FEfiL TDfi CHBAEKN 

Ski CJL 

ABS: A brief overdar of eiasii« fL^it ccntzol tedixilkgies is pregaited >hich oovos tactical flifi^t uu^jbuuit, 
advanoad digital fiyit ccntrol, axi intsgtated teferaice systans. The fl^ter-tariber pilot of the fimire, ly 
usii^ enatgii^ dwekpnaits in tactical flJ^it mBragaiHit, will he abile to cperate at ndjjit i nadw aae weather 
Qodltias. He wUl fly ani maawEr at lew altitudes to adilewe survivahle penetiatiai and ttieat awoidaioe. 
% win iHvigate precisely, arriving m tine at vay specific locaticns, and will be aUe to be radiiBctEd on a 
Mal-tinE basis to alternate tat;^ts of Wjjier priority. Li discussdng adwnoed digital ccntrol, it is 
ptedicted tiat the inpct of the eqilosion in digital ccnputer devekpnait will be to alltw the fli^t ccntrol 
systan devekpar to dKigi systan antttectures that will offier flexibility in iiBetii« advanced tactical qistan 
otrjectives *hile providiis inptwEments in ^ysten perfamBnoe, reliability ail maintaiiiabillty. 

84A29543 KSIE 12 RCE 16B8 QSSBSJSi 8 FPI*: Sffi PAEIR 831485 83AXVTX) 14 PAGES UOASSIFIED DOOlOff 
UnL: Flie^t Qontrol system devekpncnt oi the B-1 pcogcan 

AUIH: A/HDZECL, D. E.; £^8111155,0. Z.\ 01EIHSN, F. W. BftAi C/^ockwdl IhtaratiaBl Corp., EL Segjirio, 
a) 

CK): INEIH) SMES; IN: Aanspace fluid power axl ccntrol systans; ftooBedirss of the AeroeiBce Oa^neES and 
Bipcsitiai, \a% Beach, O, Octobff 3^, 1983 (AB4-295iO 12-08). Uarrerdale, BA, Sodety of i!utcoDti\fB 
Bnginaers, Inc., 1983, p. 2M2. 

WUS: / *AMBAPr ONIBtl/ «-l ATBOWFiy *FAIWAFE SBIH^ <«Urm 01^^ COOBCI/ i^SOmiSn. 

BCDBRDG 

MDB: / AcnMO^ isura«fl3c PLnar oiraa/ EUCLumw (iB^^ 

M!NS1< aiOBa/ ISitAlN fCUIXDG AIBCRAFT 

ABA: Aithor 

ABS: Tie B-1 is a ^tx^^cac^ strategic \a±ec desdenl to perfoon safely in a hostile owircniEnt with a \A^ 
probability of mission suooess. The fUjJit oontrol systan achieves these objectivas with sednlBnt kybrid 
QCBUmtiaB of fly-ty^^die ari oaMndoBl dBsi»i tediiiciues. The prinaiy Bode of oontrol in each aods is 
&ll-cpaatiaBl, fidl-safie, fly'-^yHdre with sinultafiously operatiic nBdnioal control. Ihe fU^^ control 
systan is desoibal, ad selected fU«^ aid ground test eqxriaKes and cesultait deveLcfDnt activity ate 
dlsoussed. Devekpnaits include reduction of foroe fi£^t in surfaces with oultiiae actuators, teihcticn of 
hxiacntal stafaUizer control hysteresis, elimination of pitch oaitral/structual mode ccupUng, raijctia) in 
Ions rudds load osdilatias, increase in the opesaticKBl reliability of the flap/slat system eliminaticn of 
tl» susceptibility of the aupaitaticn systan to eLectrical pnec traraiaits, ail otho: itaas. 

' 84/^6701 ISSX n BVZ 1S04 QOBnir 6 83/aVOO 746 Bl£&5 INIASSIIIED n 
UnL: Digital kAaixs S^^staiB OxSecsa^ Sth, Seattle, U^ October 31-Nbveiter 3, 1983, PtnceaUngs 
SAP: Maihers, $2B.; mimiLaa , $S6 223 



CDOt INEIED SBQES; CbnfisBioe j^imwx^ ^ ly the Ihstitutie of Electrical aid HLectnzilGS Bffpiiieacs and Anerlcan 
Imtitute of Aerasutics aid Astrcnsudcs* Na/ Yodc, IistLtute of ELectrical wd ELectrcnlcs B:^siiieeES, ISGS^ 
746 p. 

MfUS: / ^^iSSBBiE/ S'AQEHRG GCMEUIEBS/ MVECNDCS/ 'KIlfEBSCES/ ^VOEZIXL SiSISC 

MII6: /AIBCKAFr ajmCL/ tmiKHC ¥a[S£ OJimLAXM/^^ HBGH 

lEUBL yWQUKES/ IN-^UEBF MBCTJPiy (IHMP MA HIXES SPiy IK^^ EEMEUBCNiy R7RHSAFT ADRCBAFiy 
SJSIB6 INIESWna^ S2SEEMS SDUACBIV IHaCLOGXCM. FOEB::tSnNS/ V/SDQL AnCEAFT/ ^fiSIC (dBCIEIS) 

iSS: Ihe subrjects *tignigapr4 ace lelatsd to £ault tolecant sndodcs, ^donics support systanst atonoed tednoLQBy 
£cr rtigHtai sjystBiBf iiHBBanait tedidques for softUBce d0^eiIq;iiHit and mdntBEnoet s^^stBn slnulatim for 
efEactLvefiess e/abuaticny Oight esqjodenae with digital flight ccntrol systassy ai\^nced avlcnics systanst 
avioxics fior V/SOOL aii r o t orci aft, and ocmnerdal aiictaft systens. Aspects of opaatixxial aiccraft digital 
avioiics are ocnsidared akpE vith VBSIE a[|diGaticns aid tednolqeyi int^gcated CNE on-boacd teoidiais, 
intBgtated nap tedniquest ov-bcBcd nmitociiv ad supporti saiscr end signal pcocessingi nev ccnoepts 
i^Kdiiv digital fli^t control siystaiSy data bus tedidquss aod applicatiaiSt sndailGS £li£^t softMacet 
ganal aviation dNianicSf integrated systansy ai int^gcated cebv statian, aid on-boacd ADC systans. Attaiticn 
is givai to the digital avionics revolution, adde^eiBits and dsUac^ viA respect to digital dsrianics 
stavfacdsy ^g^i^l adodcs ded^p decisians inmlviiig nar ooniiBcdal transport aircraft aid the-^c^^dr- 
aircraft fcan a pilot's perspective. Bar individual itens see AB4-267Q2 to A84-26806 

auoffiae isaE 5 ȣE 535 oaBnoT 1 aaA]^ 

UnL: I«BGCN 1983; Froceedirss of the Natioial Aa^ospaoe and ELectroilcs Oa nfi ergioe, E^Q^ton, CH, Vay 17-19, 1983. 
MblunBsl&2 

SAP: Price of two volunes, $53.50 

CEO: INEIH} SIXIES; OonfieroiQe s p ag o r ed ty the InstitutB of Electrical and ELectronics EtiginaeEs, Itek Ooq)., 
Gtnputer Sdafioes OQcp.,etal. Nsv Yoirkt Institute of ELectrical ard ISoctronics Bie^^ 1> 

748 p.; vol. 2, 817 p. 

MIUS: / ^f^EOBBttZ SSSIBC/ -f^tSBSBS/ ^ONFEBENCES^ ^^SKCHBAFT EIEdKNDC BJJSBBia 

MIN5: / mBRE/SEfCEECRE (JO^nSBS/ MSOKnC FTilFHT aNBOU WA SZSIBfi/DDGaXAL mVOSSEKN/ US3BIC EO»R 
SiaiES/ UB3KJ»CtEnC OlffKnEIIZrr / EOS ONBOL/ KAl^ IBAOOKy 

KBjnis/ SEtftLmxEsac 

IBSt Ibpics discussed include the all electric aircraft; aerospace powr siystans deveLopnait; eLectrcne^ietic 
oaqpatibility; robotics; OaVQIH; air data systans; naRdgaitian systans; oontroils and dispfkf^; Kalnen 
filtiering and signal pcoosssiic: applications; Oat panel display tednolcgy; airbcnie iseee pcoQsssii«[ and 
tmgeting application; airborne automatic target reoogpition/aoquisi ti ai; pointii«, txaddpg, and 
stzUlization; airbome radar ad five oontrol tedmkgy; airbocne oonputers and nultipilfiK; adwanoad 
avicnics systans; ad digital systans. Qsisidexatiai is also givai to nedntamoe trainees, visual and 
electrooptiGal sosor simdatiGn; softMR aeneganait ad eqginBa±« tednlquBs; hnan/taaddne systan 
analysis; woddoad assessncnt; cnvironnoital intecactias; jiyHlolngiral /tettcal interfaoes; AFII/F-16 
£Li^ devdbopnerxt sunnary; integrated ocntrol; flying qualities; ad fli^ luammmt . Vac individual 
itaiB see A84-165Z7 to AB4-16e96 



84A11999 ISSK 2 H£E ZU CinHZFY 63 QQIh Sn^82-3430 83^39/00 16 OGES IKIASSIEim im^ 

UnL: Iheocy ad applications of adaptive control - A survEy 

amt A/ASIBCM, K. J. BAA: A/(Iind Institute of Tadnolpgy, lud, SuedEn) 

CDO: SMBitf Autonatica (ISai 0005-1098), vol. 19, Sect. 1S83, p. 471-^486. ^xnsocsfaip: Styrelsai fix Heknisk 



UtveddJiB. 

Mys:/ ^MMPnvE dMBDi/ i<xsmL TMm/ *mstaamou ^^sxsfsncmxi^ / ^maiiffif msafray 
wx:/ tinamc pnxns/ HELiratfHiis/ cnwEscm/ feasts skihb 



ilBA: Author 



/«. Rnzcess in theoy aii appllcatiaB of adaptive ocrtrol is reviaed. °lf^f* ^ipxaje are dtooised jdA 
^trnl la« (M also be obtainai fran stDdBstlc OTtroL theoy. Isaes of imxrtanoe far agillcaOas are 
adaptive tedniquBS. ^ 

UnL: Iht^rated airftane/propuilsicn centrals tednolcgy 

iMH:MJEIA,N. K.; BTRffiffiSSDS, R. H. EftA: B/Qht^fiatEd ^ystars, Inc., Mo Alto, CA) 

rm. iKTTm «?ifflK- Ih: 1«BDDN 1982: ProoBadii^ of the fetiori AetospaM aii Oectniite Qn^^ 
^S^'lS^^S^z!(l83SS^)Ne.Yodc,Ir^tutB of Electric 

Inc., 1982, p. 780-791. 

HUB./ AIEHR^ff«IH»EODMH]IHS/AIICI«friISEJI/;«^^ 
' mUHCCESSING (CEMMHS)/ VltmiL FBDCESSIIG (OMUinS) 

/QA: CD. 

trSte^Sft oontmlraiiiieieitsaredwn. Aircraft ocntinl rajilraiate and ^^^^^J^J" 
^S^ ^tjl^^^^S^^ areaHressai, induBi« the H^tdvariaUa tojttol 



225 



No: PI. 4 Title: One Oxidizer / One Fuel 



Operations Requireaent : 

Simplify propellant procurement^ transport, storage, pumping, safety equipment 
and procedures by designing vehicles using only one oxidizer and one fuel. 

Rationale : 

Each individual propellant ground system requires its own little army of 
engineers, technicians, safety, and expensive, hazardous facilities/GSE* 

STS has five propellant components, each of which require separate procurement, 
transport, storage, pumping , GSE, safety, operational procedures, engineers, 
technicians, etc. 

Saaple Concept : 

Propellant-related ground support operations and the different vehicle systems 
test and checkout would be immensely simplified if only one oxidizer and one 
fuel were required. 

Technology Requirement : 

Development only. 



Technology References : 
See PI. 



226 



Ho.: P2 Title; Eliminate Separate OMS and RCS 



Operations Requireaent : 

Delete OMS and RCS as separate systems from MPS. 

Rationale ; 

If MPS can be utilized for OMS and RCS, It may significantly lighten vehicle 
and will simplify ground support operations. 

Saaple Concept ; 

Use one of MPS engines at greatly reduced throttle for final orbit insertion 
and de-orbit. This eliminates separate engines, valves, thrust structure and 
tankage with a modest increase In on-board MPS tankage. 

The integrated propulsion sysrem, for ideal simplicity and minimization of 
"systems- should Include, as a design goal, the attitude control functions of 
an ERS system. 

Concept dependent on booster and orbiter having Independent propulsion and 
tankage as proposed in ST AS. 

Technology Requirement ; 

1. Develop throttleable MPS; see Pl.l and P2. 

2. Develop orbital restart capability 

3. Develop Zero-G propellant acquisition techniques 

Technology References ; 
See PI. 



227 



Ho: P3 Title; Eliminate High-Maintenance Turbopumps 



Operations Requirement ; 

The ideal requirement is to eliminate high maintenance turbopumps. 

Rationale ; 

Turbopumps are very costly to develop and manufacture: heavy, very high RPM, 
cavitation-sensitive devices. 

Rocket engine cost, refurbishment frequency, refurbishment cost, and T&C/O time 
consumption are largely driven by turbopump sensitivity. 

Pressure- fed engines with plug nozzles are a viable prospect as specific 
impulse is relatively insensitive to chamber pressure per se. 

Sample Concept ; 

Develop a lov-pressure-fed engine in the interest of providing minimum tankage 
weight and simplifying associated transport and handling GSE. A 
non-conventional (plug) nozzle will be necessary to shorten length, reduce 
weight, and compensate for the low-chamber-pressure thrust deficiency of 
conventional booster nozzles. 

An alternative is to develop a turbopump that is robust and essentially 
maintenance free. 

Technology Requirement : 

1. Lightest possible PFLB design (competive with turbopump- type vehicle) 

2. Pressure-fed injector design 

3. Igniter design 

4. Plug nozzle design, toroidal thrust chamber, or other concept to shorten 
nozzle and increase low altitude thrust coefficient. 

Technology References : 

See PI. 



228 



No. 



P4 



Title: No Hydraulics 



Operations Requirement ; 

Provide high thrust actuators for vehicle systems using a system 
hydraulic* 



other than 



Rationale : 

Hydraulic systems are heavy, complex, and plagued with O&M GSE activities. 
Vehicle and ground support operations would be greatly simplified if simpler, 
more reliable alternative is developed. 

The following data are provided for processing of STS-31, Orbiter Atlantis, 
launched November 26, 1985 (flight 23). Data source is the Shuttle II Data Base 
Development prepared by SPC sub-contractor Pan Am World Services, Inc., dated 
July 24, 1987. 

SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE, SYSTEM 58, HYDRAULICS 



TASK 

Technician 

Engineering 

Safety 

Quality 

PP&C 

Support 

Logistics 

Overhead 

Total 



TASK 

Technician 
Total manhours 



MANHOURS 
T7U55 

930 
84 

397 

230 
1,933 

554 

439 

5,612 



MANHOURS 



1. 
2. 
3. 



4. 



OFF OPERATIONS 

NOTES 
This data for STS-31 only. 
Headcount 26 (5 techs +21 "other") 
OPF dwell time 27 days 
VAB dwell time 4 days 
Pad dwell time 15 days 

Orbiter Challenger was in parallel processing 
during this period. 



VAB INTEGRATION 



NOTES 



88 (actual) 
473 (ratioed) 



is 



2. 
3. 



1. Total manhour-to-tech ratio above, 
5612/1045 - 5.37 

Headcount 32 (6 techs +26 "other") 
MLPs contain extensive hydraulics systems for 
test support subsequent to vehicle erection. 
During 51-L the 6 techs rotated between the 
2 operational MLPs for test support and 
system O&M. 

The hydraulic systems manhours (6085) and headcount (58) identified above are 
not an obvious burden when compared to a major tentpole such as TFS (3/,ii3 
manhours and 264 headcount). However, hydraulics activities are pervasive 
throughout the entire process. For instance, elevon and body flap areas are 
TFS-intense work locations, but access by tile techs is denied during any of the 
numerous repetitive "hydraulics-up" periods. 

The following presentation of major hydraulics tasks is intended to provide 
further insight into the far-reaching impact of flight vehicle hydraulics and 
associated support. 



229 



HYDRAULICS SYSTEMS DEFINITION 

The Orblter hydraulic system consists of three independent hydraulic systems* 
Each of the three auxiliary power units provides mechanical shaft power to drive 
a hydraulic pump, and each of the three hydraulic pumps provides the hydraulic 
pressure for the respective hydraulic system. 

Each hydraulic system provides hydraulic pressure for operation of actuators to 
control orbiter aerosurfaces (elevons^ rudder/speedbrake, and body flap), the 
three main engine gimbals (thrust vector control) t main engine valves, external 
tank umbilical retraction, landing gear deployment, main landing gear brakes and 
anti-skid control, and nose gear steering* 



OFF OPERATIONS 



TIME TECHS MHRS 



VIOIOA - Hydraulic System Configuration/Deaeration 8 10 80 

V1131 - Hydraulic Accumulator Checks 24 5 120 

This task determines the precharge pressures of the 
Orbiter hydraulic system bootstrap accumulators and 
the main engine return accumulators and charges the 
accumulators to flight pressures as required* 

V6012 - Orbiter Hydraulic System Check 68 7 476 

This task performs a detailed visual inspection of 
the orbiter hydraulic system for damage from usage, 
corrosion amd mission environment* 

V9002 - Orbiter Vehicle Hydraulic Power Up/Down 8 7 56 

A* Hydraulic System Preparations and Valkdowns* 
This task prepares the orbiter to accept 
external hydraulic power to support hydraulic or 
associated subsystem testing* 

B* Depin Nose Landing Gear 8 6 48 

This task removes the attach bolt from the end of 
the nose landing gear actuator piston rod to 
prevent inadvertent movement of the nose landing 
gear. 

C« Raise Landing Gear 2 2 4. 

This task applies external hydraulic power to the 
orbiter for the purpose of raising the landing 
gear* 

D* Position Aerosurfaces for Rollout 4 4 16 

This task secures the flight control aerosurfaces 
at the completion of processing operations* 

E* External Tank External Commands 4 6 24 

This task checks the external tank umbilical 
retraction external commands* 

230 



p. Hydraulic Compressibility /Deaeration 

This task runs the ground hydraulic power system in 
advance of its connection to the orbiter to 
condition the hydraulic fluid to meet established 
requirements for purity, water content and 
dissolved air content. 

G. Landing Gear Reservoir Pill 

This task fills the on-board hydraulic reservoirs 
with hydraulic fluid. 

e. Lower Landing Gear 

This task hydraulically extends the left main 
landing gear. 

I. Lower Landing Gear 

This task hydraulically extends the right main 
landing gear. 

J. Orbiter Disconnect and Reconfigure to 
Dedicated Systems 

This task disconnects and removes the external 
hydraulic power and returns the orbiter hydraulic 
system to a flight readiness configuration. 



8 



24 



48 



12 



144 



8 



32 



"T57 



17555 



Total: 
VAB INTEGRATION 
Note: Manpower quantifiers not available for VAB Integration 
V9002. Vol. 1 - OFF - Vehicle Hydraulic Power Up/Down 

Applies hydraulic ground power to the Orbiter in the OFF to support hydraulic 
and associated SVC system testing. Also secures the Orbiter and ground 
hydraulic systems when hydraulic power is terminated. 

V9002. Vol. 2 - MLF - Vehicle Hydraulic Power Up/Down 

Applies hydraulic ground power to the Orbiter on the MLP to support hydraulic 
and associated subsystem testing. Also secures the Orbiter and ground hydraulic 
systems when hydraulic power is terminated. 

V9002. Vol. 3 - Vehicle Hydraulic Circulation Pump Power Up/Down - Reservoir 
Quantity Adjustments and Sampling* 

Applies hydraulic power to Orbiter with onboard circulation pumps. 
V9002. Vol. 4 - GSE Hydraulic Power Up/Down 

Powers hydraulic ground support equipment to condition hydraulic fluid prior to 
orbiter power up. 



231 



V9002, Vol. 5 - Flight Control and Aerosurface/SSME/OMS Actuator Positioning 

Configures the flight control system to support Orbiter hydraulic application 

for subsequent subsystem testing. Provides aerosurface/SSME/OMS actuator 

positioning for operational support. Secures the flight control system upo 
completion of testing or operations. 

V9002. Vol. 6 - SSME Power Up/Down 

Configures thrust vector control (TVC) actuators and SSME's. Applies SSME 
helium or controller power to the Orbiter to support hydraulic and associated 
subsystem testing. Secures SSME's and TVC actuators when hydraulic power is 
terminated. 

V9002. Vol. 7 - Hydraulic Power Up Walkdown/Vehicle Preps. 

Prepares Orbiter and work areas to support hydraulic power up. 

V9002. Vol. 8 - Vehicle Support Tasks 

Performs vehicle support tasks prior to hydraulic power up and after 
hydraulic power down. 

V9002 . Vol. 9 - GSE Hydraulic Power Up Preparations 

Configures ground support equipment to support hydraulic power up. 

V9002 . Vol. 10 - S70 - 0952 Flexhose Installation and Removal 

Installs hydraulic flexhoses (program model number (PMN) S70-0952) and support 
trays in the aft Orbiter compartment to support Orbiter hydraulics. 

V5057 - TVC/ SSME GSE Installation/Removal 

Procedures for the installation, use, and removal of ground support equipment 
(GSE) used for testing of the space shuttle main engine (SSME), hydraulics, and 
guidance, navigation, and control (GN&C) subsystems. 

S0008 - Shuttle Interface Test 9 (LPS) 

Functional checks performed from the firing room to verify; 1) orbiter/MLP 
interfaces, 2) orbiter/ET electrical and fluid system interfaces, 3) 
Orbiter/ SRB interfaces, and 4) operation of the SRB systems. 

S0020 - Shuttle Flight Control Integrated Tests (LPS) 

Interface checkout and functional tests of the SRB flight control system from 
the firing room. 

V9005 - Hydraulic Standard Power Up/Power Down 

Provides 3000 PSI ground hydraulic pressure to the Orbiter for operation of 
aerosurfaces, body flap, thrust vector control (TVC) actuators, landing gear 
retraction/extension, and other hydraulic operations. 

V1149 - T-O Umblllcals Interface Leak Checks 

Performs leak checks of the interfaces between the Orbiter/ external tank and the 
umblllcals which disconnect at the zero second countdown (T-O) at launch. Also 
checks the timing of the disconnect valves and verification of purge of L02/LH2 
from the disconnect cavities. Checks are performed after umblllcals are mated 
to the Shuttle system but prior to introduction of any fluids through the 

umblllcals. 

232 



S5008 - Orblter/ET Umbilical Mate 

Connects umbilicals to the Orbiter and ET» Installs umbilical purge curtains at 
the Orbiter/ET interfaces and configures Ground Support Equipment (GSE) to 
monitor ET tank pressure. 

S0004 - Orbiter/ET Mate 

Lifts the Orbiter in horizontal position and retracts the landing gear. Rotates 
the Orbiter to vertical position, extends access platforms, and mates the 
Orbiter to the ET. Mates Orbiter ET umbilicals in accordance with OMI S5008. 



PAD OPERATIONS 
S0024 - Prelaunch Propellant Servicing 
Controls and sequences the following tasks on the Integrated shuttle at the pad: 

1. Load hydraulic and nitrogen for each APU prior to flight. 

2. Service the SRB hydraulic power unit with hydrazine and gaseous nitrogen. 

3. Perform SRB hydraulic power unit hit fire. 

Saaple Concept : 

State-of-the-art high-torque electric motors coupled to low-friction ball-worm 
linear actuators and high-leverage mechanical linkage hold promise of great 
simplification for ground support operations. 

Technology Requireaent ; 

Develop motors with ball-worm actuators and self-test status reporting for 
specific applications. 

Technology References ; 

Design development only. 

Conclusions : 

Ground support to flight hydraulics is a surprisingly large, ill-defined 
tentpole. Innovative design and development of an alternate energy source 
promises to provide a significant reduction in KSC shuttle-equivalent headcount 
and GSE. The resulting simplification of processing procedures and operations, 
unquantifed by this study, can produce a very significant enhancement to the 
ground processing operations. The hydraulics timeline, as shown above, requires 
197 hours in the OPF alone (25 shifts). 

If hydraulics can be replaced with self-tending, health-and-status reporting 
electro-mechanical systems, it appears realistic the VAB hydraulics support 
force (32 people) and about 20t of the OPF O&M support (5) can be eliminated 
from a future launch vehicle (theoretically converting OPF hydraulics support to 
electro-mechanical actuator O&M). This represents a decrease in shuttle-equiv- 
alent headcount of 37 people or 37/58 - 64X. 

233 



No: PS Title; No Hypergols 



Operations Requlrenent ! 

No hypergols for launch , orbital propulsion, or APU systems. 

Rationale ; 

A very significant qucmtity of non-productive manhours occurs during each flow 
for ''area clear** required during hazardous opening/entry/operation of OHS and 
RCS orbiter systems. There is also a snovballing effect in facilities and O&M 
requirements for special ventilation, scrubbers and a multitude of safety 
equipment, including a small army to use and maintain SCAPE (self-contained 
atmospheric protective ensemble) suits. 

The cost of hypergolic propellants is also a factor. For comparison, a pound of 
MHH or N2H4 hypergol costs $10.00, and N204 costs $2^75/lb., whereas LOX costs 
$0.04/lb} RP-1 - $0.50/lb; C3H8 - $0.27/lb, CH4 - $0.71/lb, LH2 - $1.62/lb, 
and 90Z H202 - $3.20/lb. 

SPC HYPERGOL OPERATIONS 

The SGOE/T Study report "51-L Work Volume Indicators", dated September 30, 1988 
reveals the following SPC operational headcount. 

Hypergol Maintenance Facility (Area facilities) - headcount 27. 

Tasks; Operate HMF, process repair FRCS and OHS pods; certified repair facility 
for all hyper QDs; O&M GSE at HMF; operate ordnance lab; operate LiOH 
lab; perform astro arc welding for all KSC. 

Pad Operations; Hypergolic Systems - headcount 42 

Tasks: Maintain GSE, piping, valve complexes and pressure distribution stages for 
storage and transfer of hypergolic propellants at Pads A/B, including R&R 
of components. Provide support for servicing orbiter ONS/RCS systems and 
orbiter APU system. 

Pad Operations quantifier - OMI S0024. Hypergol Propellant Servicing - 70 
technicians 

The Phase 3 addendum to Phase 2 Final Report, "Sl-L Work Volume Indicators**, 
dated September 30, 1988 (page 3) shows the SPC skill mix includes 32. IZ 
**untabulated administrative** (OA, safety, secretarial, analysts, clerks, 
security, business, human resources, etc.). Applying that ratio to the HMF 
headcount (27) and hypergol pad operations (42) yields a conservative SPC 
hypergol headcount of (27 <f 42) x 1.32 « 91 people. This headcount is 
conservative because, as documented from the SPC Operations organization data, 
it does not include Process Engineering, Sustaining Engineering, Data Systems, 
LPS, Communications, Support Operations (facilities), Logistics, etc. 

EG&G LIFE SUPPORT SERVICES 

The hypergol Impact at RSC does not end here. EG&G is the KSC contractor 
responsible for life support services to the SPC during hyper operations. The 
following data were current May 1988 and are intended to convey the complexity 
and Impact of hypergol operations, all of which are perceived by the 
institutional culture as extremely hazardous. 



234 



!• The number one cost driver for self-contained atmospheric protective 

ensemble (SCAPE) life support is procedural and organizational response to 
OMRSD requirements, perceived hazards and audit trail. Any hypergol 
operation at KSC requires the following EG&G life support headcount 
as a minimum ! 

ACTIVE OBSERVER 

1 Supervisor 1 Safety 

2 Mechanics 1 QA 

2 Life Support Techs 1 Environmental Health 

2 Fire 

Total - 10 heads 

Note: LSOC/SPC duplicates this cadre during the hyper operation. 

2. Scope of EG&G life support includes: 

Pads 39A & B, OPF, HMF (OMS & RCS FACS M7-961, M7-1212), VPF (M7.1469), SAEF 
#2 (M7-1210), PHSP (new vert. proc. fac), SPIF (CCAFS), SLF 

Responsibilities include: 

• Provision of SCAPE suits to all KSC/CCAFS user-contractor personnel except 

Martin Marietta/TITAN 
. Procurement of all KSC propellants and gases 
. Storage and delivery of hypergols to users 
. Maintenance of tankers and related GSE. 
. Contaminated/waste handling and disposal 

3. Relevant EG&G headcount data for 12 launches (STS) per year: 

HC MISSION 

7 Storage and delivery of hypergols - (cape fuel farm) and collect 
waste from field flush (contaminated fluids) 

4 Maintain 11 ea. tankers and ^ 100 sets of transfer equipment (flex 
hoses, valves, connectors, etc.) 

1 Supervisor for above 

6 Engineers (propellants) 

10 Other support (health, safety, fire, QA, etc.) 

39 (about 60X of total life support group) provide SCAPE suits to 
LSOC/SPC - includes techs, engineers, management/supervisors 
(administrative and business "bureaucracy" not included). 



9 Sampling and chemical analysis (all support - QA, material, etc.) 
cleaning and component refurb - Wiltech Corp. subcontract to EG&G. 



Total 7? 



235 



4. Equipment quantities and other costs factors 

EG&G has; 

• " 150 suits - $11K ea. (current $} 

• 50 liquid air backpacks - $5K each 

11 tankers (replacement eminent '89-' 92 to meet DOT requirements 
for rollover protection of valves and higher pressure rating) 
. Hypergol scrubbers - trailer mounted are large and expensive 
2 ea. trailers and 14 fixed scrubbers " $150K each 
Hypergol stockpile storage system (construction at CCAFS undervay 
for existing requirements, 200K gal. fuel, lOOK gal oxidizer - " 
$5H - requirement driven by USAF position relative to states 
enacting legislation to limit or eliminate manufacture of 
significant quantities of hypergols on environmental concerns. 
(4 year stockpile) 
. Contaminated fluids disposal (Viltech subcontract) - each 

scrubber contains " 750 gal. - $1.07/gal disposal charge each 
hyper load sequence* 

/ Disposal - $33K/12 launch year 
/ Alcohol flush - $10R/12 launch year 
/ Freon/N20. mix to clean oxidizer systems $2.6K/yr. 
Scrubber liquors (NaOH, citric acid) present environmental disposal 
problems and tail gas bubbled through NaS solution contributes to 
disposal problems. 

/ $38K fuel system waste (contaminated rinse waste water) 
/ Undefined cost - new fire training facility (can't just dump in 
pit and burn anymore) 
Design factor - Where designing hyper systems minimize (eliminate if 
possible) system low points. Each must have a low point drain, requiring 
much additional work by the '^circus'*. EG&G presently funded $124K for 
design and procurement of low point drains in 1988. (about 50 or 60 ea. 
required) 

. Potential significant cost saving: Lightweight SCAPE suits are available 
and used for fuel only. Umbilical hoses are used instead of backpacks, 
and are comfortable for long-hours of use, cost 5X of normal SCAPE price, 
and are 25% weight of normal SCAPE. They are not certified for oxidizer 
because they are rated for liquid oxidizer for only 30 minutes. These 
suits should be allowed for oxidizer - limitation is arbitrary and 
unrealistic. 

5. Other headcount factors (LSOC/SPC): For 12 launches per year LSOC/SPC are 
forecasting a headcount of 40 each Pad A, and 40 each Pad B to support 
3-shift hypergol systems and operations. Hands-on hypergol headcount 
support estimate for LSOC/SPC 2-pad operation is 200-to-300 people for all 
GSE. 

Saaple Concept : 

Utilize portion of main propulsion for OMS. Adapt Space Station Oj/Hj thruster 
for airborne/orbital RCS. 

Technology Requirement ; 

Develop systems using prime propellants for OHS^ RCS, and APU applications. 
(See PI.) 

Technology References : 

(See PI.) 



236 



CWiclusions : 

Contemporary launch vehicle designs require some type of OMS/RCS capability. 
The use S^ hypergols is well known and provides satisfactory propulsion 
performance. The fSll impact of hypergols on ground operations, however, is not 
Sell known by designers, and leaves much to be desired in respect to potential 
safety i^ident, Ichedule impact (through unquantifled, repetitive area-clear 
e?eSts) ^d th; basic labor-intense response to system OiM requirements. 
Sypergolic propellants are highly undesirable from a ground support viewpoint. 

This criterion has shown at least 91 SPC persons dedicated to KSC shuttle 
hvoerwl support, and another 76 heads for life support (a total of 167 people). 
StlSfation'^ of a safer propellant family can potentially eliminate the external 
life support requirement (76) and reduce the s5""l«;««»"l^f ^J^^^^f ^J^f 
headcoun? by 1/3, i.e., a potential reduction from 167 to 61 people, for a net 

reduction of 63Z. 

Theoretical simplification/enhancement of ground operations and processing 
schedules are Snquantlfied herein, but are believed to be highly important. 
Procedures for th2 post-landing safelng and deservlclng "camel caravan" can be 
much simplified and accelerated. OPP OMS/RCS/APU hyper operations, habitually 
scSedu?ed for second and third shift, can also be sl mplif iPd a nd "«; ;«. clear" 
periods eliminated. Pad safety and countdown timeline Impact can also benefit 
Significantly by use of a safer propellant combination. In addition to the 
abS^ep^entlal safety enhancement and headcount reduct on, a Potential 1 to 2 
day reduction in shuttle-style ground processing timeline is estimated as a 
potential benefit for elimination of hypergols. 



237 



52* P6 Title ; No GN2/He On-board Purges 
Opcratlona Requircaent ; 

Delete launch vehicle on-board GN2 and He purge systems. 
Rationale : 

Subject systems add weight to vehicle and electro/mechanical/pneumatics require 
special small O&M army and much time for ground processing and launch. In 
November 1985, a typical month, the SPC expended the following on propellants and 
gases : 



GHE e $S6.00/NSCF 
GN2 @ 6.00/MSCF 



LH2 e $ 1.35/lb. 
L02 e $86. 00/ ton 
NHH e $ 8.00/lb. 



5,930 MSCF 
65,000 MSCF 



430K lb. 
1,910 tons 
32,480 lb. 



TOTAL: 



$332,100 

390,000 

$722,100 

$580,500 
168,500 
226,600 



These "cost volume indicators" reveal for designers of future vehicles that cost 
of purge and pressurization gases can be much larger than usually suspected. In 
this sample, they very nearly equal the cost of LH2 and L02 combined I KSC Launch 
facilities and GSE also consume a very considerable quantity of GN2 for purges. 
If GN2 is readily available in large quantities to support flight hardware, a 
mentality to use it at any desired location unavoidably creeps in with resultant 
rapid escalation of commodity and systems costs. 

Further quantified data are extracted from EG&G Technical Operations consumption 
report for processing and launch of STS-26R, launched September 29, 1988. 

VEHICLE GASEOUS NITROGEN CONSUMPTION, STS-26R 



EVENT 

WCDDT (Ist attempt) 

VCDOT (2nd attempt) 

FRF (1st attempt) 

FRF (successful) 

LCD 



DURATION 
(DAYS) 
5 
3 
4 
3 
3 



Total: 



USAGE 

(MSCF) 

177550 

19,000 

19,000 

19,000 

12,000 



Cost ($4.00/MSCF) . $346,000 
Note: Normal daily usage for other C-39 facilities not included 
in above data. 

VEBICLB GASEOUS HELIUM CONSUMPTION, STS-26R 

USAGE 
(MSCF) 

TTTOo 

1,900 
2,000 
1,900 
900 
Total: 8,500 

Coat (64.00/MSCF) . $544,000 
Mote: Normal daily usage for other C-39 facilities not included in above. 







DURATION 


EVENT 


(1st attempt) 


(DAYS) 


VCODT 


(2nd attempt) 


3 


FRF 


(1st attempt) 


4 


FRF 


(successful) 


3 


LCD 




3 



238 



The above STS-26R costs were calculated from the KSC contractor conaodltles 
price list circa May 1988. The following are extracted from that list. 

GHE @ $64.00/MSCF 

GN2 @ $ 4.00/MSCP 

LH2 @ $ 1.62/lb. 

L02 € $55. 00/ ton 

MMH @ $10.00/lb. 

NjH^ @ $10.00/lb. 

Note; L02 (fuel cell grade) is $264. 00/ ton 

Sample Concept ; 

Eliminate sources of hazardous fluid leaks (and consequently purges) such as 
bolted flanges with seals, flared fittings, etc. Utilize welded or brazed 
assembly techniques and/or Nitinol compression fittings. 

Design vehicle with multitude of small, lightweight, inexpensive electronic 
fuel and oxidizer sensors capable of verifying leak-tight vehicle 
configuration. Best of all: use innovative concepts to devise systems that do 
not require inert purges or pressurizations. Shuttle expends hundreds of 
manhours per flow in manual use of mass spec for leak detection at all welds 
and plumbing fittings. Load fuel first. Verify system leak-free, then load 
oxidizer. _ -■■ 



Technology Requirement ; 

o 
o 
o 



o Develop MPS engine requiring no purge prior to firing in atmosphere. 

o Develop MPS engine requiring no propellant tank pre- pressurization. 

o Lightweight, low cost mass spectrometer for launch and flight environment, 

o Consider Nitinol fittings, particularly for hard-to-reach connections. 



Technology References ; 

NASA/RECON (abstracts attached): 

86X71562, 86N21849, 85X76796, 85X76476, 85X73181, 85N21386, 85A47011, 
84R10941, 84A42759, 82X78166 

Conclusions : 

Innovative reduction of vehicle inert purges and pressurizations can 
potentially reduce cost of inert gases up to $.9 million/flow. 

Innovative elimination of "normal" purge and pressurization systems will lead 
to a grossly simpler vehicle, requiring greatly reduced ground processing GSE, 
headcount, and time. 



239 



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/!BA: GJL 

fBS: A pcobLan of ocnsidecabLe interest is reOlatBci to tie ncndestructiv^ deteoniiBtiai of the Qcnp^essdve ocnpnait 
of stress in ^QD±3US kinds of intecfiecenoe £astac£s« Hie usublL tedniques eifhoyed for stress ReaEurenaits 
are not suited fix tlie oonsidQced case. Ihe pcesent paper is omiwuttl with results ^hich mbcb obtained in a 
stuc|/ of NLtbid /y»T>lgrfg ty meens of a pcDOBdute utilizixs liltiascnic reOectlvity and suitaUe intGEpcettve 
Qcncepts. mtinoly a nLckel-tltaniun allcyi is a dtepa mancxy nBterial ^idxh u ria q gpeB a rather .spprlal typa 
of nertensitlc trsnsfiaDiBtiafi. Ihe Nitinol fiastefier is a shcrtt thdck-mlled hoUcK/ (ylinder. AttefitLcn is 
given to aspects of saniiiLe preparaticn ad stress chaocactPrlTatim, uLtrasonic measurenaitSt and eqadmaital 
results and intecpDetaticn* 

8400941 (MIMXX)) (Nlf: NftS10-lO916; SBBr^M-ATTO um 0476Z7732 OCft: 13B4155 (btional AaxnautiGS and 
^parp Atadidstzatiai. Jdn F. Kemadl/ S^aoe Qenter, Iai|xxrt Qdif« Sjpectral Sdaioest Inc., ButLi^gtcxif 



UnL: ^ndrcg3]/GP9gai ocnoaitratiai nmitor UOASSIEIH) OdXEER 2B, 19B3 / AEIOL 2B, 19B4 

EC: BASBB^ H. BEFCKT SIKIU5 INAVAQABLE Ihrtnplete pcooessiis 

WJSt / mS^KH OPBIE/ Kt6SM:iSIS/^Q&(IBQmJS(fSBI/Kt&TEm^ ESKEEIV mSS SECSeQEUBS/ 

84AA27S9 ISSLE n B£E 3019 QDHIKf 26 SaAC^ 

unL: Ihe use of shape msnocy effiect aUoys as an engineering material 

MMi A/EBGCN, IL V.; B/FIHT, IL F.; C/SttiKBG, C. L. BftA: C/OtEvdisnCacp., Hailo I^dc, CA) 

CD}: INTDED SERIES; IN: Naticnal Ikhnical GbnfieEcnoe, ISth, CSncinnati, CB, October 4-6, 1983, ftoceedings 
(ifiM2726 21-23). /^susa, Q^ Society fix the iOmcBmit of (bteadal and Etooess Bf^ginaering, 1983, p. 
403^14. 

HUS: /^NIOELALUS^^NmNXAIUR^ 

HD6: / AdUKIOBS/ BJJ£ (ZNIHB) OEEC lATIICES/ ELBdHIC (JReCBSS/ FHSS (BBES)/ UEmZSnCN 

SSx Ihe uxiqLB depe memxy properties of nickel-titaniuii neke it useEul as an af^ginaecing material in maq/ areas, 
(tttinol, as it is usuelly refiarted to, wb ^accNcced in ttie early 1960^. 3epe many efifiact alleys fix 
ocmnprdal use are being deMekped in te fioUodns pccduct areas: (1) pipe and tibe joining systEms, (2) 
electrical QcmectQcs, end (3) eLactrtmediiiiGal actuatxs* This paper describes the metallu^giGal [haxncixn 
of the nHLtBwitic to austenitic structural change and then ocnoentrates en the prartiral appUcaticn of this 
pliBVjuam in the afiocBositicned pcoduct areas* 

jMtGEsyacussiFsmnxnwsiEdJfiasaES 

unL: B H.JU i iHiue dHtacterization a£ ocnfastifaiLB gpB ocnLtocs used fior ndlitBiy sndadai ad idssile fuels TlSh 
Final Beport, Oct. 1979 - Mo:. 1980 

MSIBs A/BSaSt L.; B/BUCmt, T. J. 

242 



CCBP: Hifcai tD H m t Hr cfa Oatp. > Cbytni, Chdo. 
OD! IMEIH) SBOES; Wd^-fttteson AFB, Chio AEVIftL 
/IMS: / MIRPAPr FIES/ *FIi»M«E GAaS/ ^ 1^^ 
MDB: / GftS HMESnEN/ MmMff ATBOWFE/ SAEHY ROCFS 



243 



^: P7 Title : No CfNj/H^ Pressure Systems 

Operations Requirement ! 

Delete GN2 and He valves control plumbing and propellant tankage pressure 
systems. 

Rationale t 

Elimination of GN2 and He storage bottles, supply valves, manifolds, plumbing, 
and multiple test and checkout, will significantly lighten the vehicle, and 
simplify and speed-up ground support operations. 

See criteria item P6 for gas quantities and costs for STS-26R. 

Saaple Concept : 

Provide electromechanical valve actuators with electrical self-test/status 
capability. Propellant tank prepressurlzation at launch provided from cryo 
propellant boil-off with vent valve cycling as needed. Use gas generator or 
engine hot gas bleed/heat exchanger during flight a la STS. 

See criteria item P6 for specific data on gas quantities and costs. 

Technology Requirement : 

Design application of existing technology. Innovative vehicle design. 

Technology References : 

This criteria item P6 for related references. 



244 



Hq^. p8 Title ; No Gimballed Engines 



Operations Require«ent ; 

Devise thrust vector or vehicle attitude control system which eliminates need 
?^r gimballed engines and associated hydraulics, seals, pivots, bellows, etc. 

Rationale : 

Glmbal systems are expensive and heavy, and add a severe burden of O&M, and 
test and checkout to ground support operations. 

Sample Concept ; 

Using multi-engine concept, and off-center thrust ^^^^°"' „"^,/*^J'^*^^ti 
throttling for trajectory control. Accept less than "no^^l ^rth*. TVC 
speciflcafions. Reexamine the flight dynamics models to determine " ^he TVC 
JeqSirements can be reduced to a point where methods other than gimballing 
would be acceptable. 

Technology Requirement ; 

Throttleable engines; see Items Pl.l and PI. 3 TVC concepts. 

Technology References ; 

See PI. 3. 



245 



l!io>: P9 Tit let No Extensive Recovery & Refurbishment 



Operational Requiregent: 

Eliminate crash and salvage operations similar to STS SRB* Any lauid recovery 
should be benign smd easily transportable. 

Rationale; 



Experience with the STS SRB's has proven it is not cost effective. Any water 
recovery vith propulsion/avionics units would be even worse. 

Size and weight of recovery module dictate firm landing site with good road 
access. A typical module of 50,000 pounds, the size of a small two-story 
house, presents a severe transportation problem. 

Environmental problems also exist with residual hypergols onboard with 
land recovery. 

Saaple Concept; 

Expendable or runway recovery rather than parachute type recovery. 

Technology Requirement; 

Simple integrated propulsion system design that can be built cheaply enough 
to be expendable. (See PI). 

Technology References; 
See PI. 



246 



LI Title ! lOOZ Coaputer Connectivity 

Operations Requirement ; 

All computers associated in any manner with operations, flight, or ground must 
provide and maintain complete connecting (bridging). 

Rationale ; 

The vast amount of data required to support and maintain any operational system 
requires maintenauice of maximum efficiency. 

Paperwork currently requires a large portion of the allocated operation budget. 
A potential reduction of approximately 30% of ground operations cost can be 
achieved by automation of paperwork. 

TYPICAL STS PAPERVORK PER FLOV 



Flight OMIs 

Facility O&H OMIs 

Job Cards 

Problem Reports 

Test Preparation 
Sheets 

Totals: 



AVG. 
NO. 
PER 
FLOW 

513 

215 

682 

1,250 

339 
2,999 



AVG. 
REV. 
PER 
FLOW 

195 

N/A 

628 

N/A 

N/A 
823 



AVG. 
PGS. 
PER 
DOC. 

210 

43 

7 

15 

46 
321 



TOTAL 
PAGES 

148,680 

9,245 

9,170 

18,750 

15,594 
*201,439 



AVG. 
NO. 
COPIES 

95 

25 

35 

N/A 

N/A 
155 



Plus Scrub Turnaround: 



TOTAL 
DIST. 
PAGES 

14,124,600 

231,125 

320,950 

18,750 

15,594 

14,711,019 

4,300 

i4, 7 15;319 



* New paper cost is $1,200 per page; electronic is $600. 
Update paper cost is $200-300 per page; electronic is $100-150. 



Sample Concept ; 

Utilization of commercial DBMS which support heterogenous file transfer and data 
import and export via MIL-STD-1840A. 

Technologies References : 

NASA/RECON: 

86N27948, 84N31144, 84N23296, 84N21107 

DIALOG: 2034798, 2011582, 2011580, 1979702, 1978939, 1964804, 1947009, 
1877817, 1876159, 1868213, 1852081, 1842967, 1836336, 1823013, 
1380555 



^^J^^mmmAtiY 



249 



BUHK 



86M279«I ISaE 18 BCE 2964 CHIHII0r62 FPE»: IS-3-0a34W ESA-CR(P)-21214W CNTI: ESIBC-eDl7/84-lirBI 
SEak.2066-5 8S/D6/0B 82 BAGES INlifiEIFIB^ 

unL: Aclvanoed data system intBroroecticn stucV 

nS^ Final Report 

OFP: Sistanl di Tfeleinfiannatica ed Aitanazicne, Bane (Italy).; MSORA Bspacae, Tbulcuse (Ecaicae). AVAELNHS 

SAP: BCAXi/lFAaL 

GDO: IffiU; Iteis, Fteme ES& PdeibebI in oxpeciticn with WOBk Hspaoe, Ibukuse, Rare 

MftJS: /*«CHnH3UE (OlfUIHB)/ ^OMUIIR SESIEMS EESIOV ^*OflA M»BGB«NI/ ^*IESIGM /NftCBE/ ^^INHENSL HSBGN 

HD5: /AIBBCREya^V^CECG OQHEUIEBS/ OCtflKKXCIIN IGMIK^ SZSIEMS EKaiQRINy USQl FEOIIBEIBQS 
IBki Axthr(ESf^) 

iSS: Oriboacd dbta nereeansit systm ceeiuixenenCs vesB ledanL Ifae stuct^ includes the identificatlcn of the 
ssvioBS to be provided to the aii useaeaf-ft e axOysia -Qf- t iT e d a t a oc nin . f tLcation netvndc architectutes, aid the 
desiffi of tte (hta system spedficatiai axao^ng to spare ewironiEnt ocnstraints. Ihe logiGal appxach and 
the thcee axis natrix sne^sis pcoue to be well suited with re^oxl to result validatian prooesses. Ihe r 
include the distribution of connuiicaticn seEvioss into arcfaitectiiial Ic^osy a definition of Inter&oes with 
tie physical sunnrts^ aii a nepidiig of architectural la^Gcs into (j^cal equiposit. Ihe stud^ is Qonsidored 
a >wrir step fior the fiinctiaial specificatiais toweoxl the inplanentatiai of tiie ocinnunicaticn ardtLtecture. 

8»G11M# BSLE 21 PAX 3332 r /nvmr r 15 FPT*: ^©402560 82/11/00 10 EfiffiS UOASSIEIED DOai©ff 
UIllj Applicatioi of 1338 to ^lttSM (Medim Rangp A^ Asystanslook 

MJSBx A/LES, J. E. 

SAP: C tS5/VP fOL IhASFtoc. Kpos of the ^li AFSC Ariaiics Standardizaticn Qcnf ^ Vol. 1 p 295-304 (SEE 
164-3112121-^) 

QD: IMEEED SERIES 

mSz / (XJtlBJISS/ DDA WHSER (OdfUIEBS)/ SSmXOS/ SISIB6 QGDEERING/ UDLraCHCN 
Ofa Aitfar((SA) 

ifflS: (fU^ Qtadiun %i^ Air to Sutfaoe Missile) is the first missile to inc^^ 

pdmsy meero of data tcansfier waig the eLanents of the missile. He standard, bdlt aronl applications 
^Mdi oould dedicate we^cc oonputiic pouer to manage the afEairs of the data bus, posed a cfaaUaqge to IfiftSH 
tT«w» tlds bus fmBgpBBit fincticn mded to be p e rfctm e d en the input/output card \iiicfa fit in an csdstin? 
Qcupiter desiffif lidle not udlizii^ its host QGoputer on a ocntiiidis basis. Ifais paper revieus the pcooess 
ty iMdi tte data bus opGntian\BS defined, desodbes the pnytoool adopted fix tim^ ad 

acgUBS the case fior the systsn desi^i dedsians. 



B4C3296tI5SUB13ȣE2QG0QaHZRr81BPr|: i!IMaS749 83/OQAX} 5 H!GC5 INIASSIEI^ 

UdL: faperlegs solicitaticn and ccntractiis 

nah Final Bepoct 

250 



HJOs MifBSaiS, G. T. 

COPt Any AoHiBit Mnlticis ad ChanicaL GtmiEnd, Bock Islafd, HL. tNOUm. 

SfiP: BC A24/fF A31 In iff BusiiiBS Itesearch JfenagaiHit Oaiter Ptoc. of the Fed. Agyisitlcn Res. ^yqp. with Thane 
p 12-16 (SE IB4-23293 13-81) 

CD): (ianH)SEKIE5 

mjs: /woMfMJMniNrenaK/aMuimmHraiuEs/^a^^ 

MINS: /iOIMKnaV (XXBSISS/ OMROS/ TECamX3DCftL KFEEftSEDG 

/BA: Aithor (GR/^) 

AB5: This pajer eaidnffi tte omttact siiplificaticn effirt airaitly imdagDing prototype derekpiHit in te 
savioKUiiar the DefiaK Acquisition InimjwBnait Etcgraiu This effiart has led the author tn aplcee the 
state of tig art of omtractiig ari Oat chaigES win have to be made to nsthods of ocntiactin g to ke ep pace 
with tte oomBtdaL nBLfcetpOaoe in the nert decade. FUrthar.the ocniuter is beoantag as camai as the 
teloixne in &ay offioB. Tte use of the oauMter seans to be mljinited, ia«ii« firm go es to sendiis 
dectnnic bbH. This peper provides Ont the author petoEiVES as a step by step adwancanHit needed ly the 
Govenneit in the use of ocnputets to traisition fixm paper oontracts transported ly man to p epedfiss 
omtiactiiH traHidttBd via tekftane line or satellite to ocntiactocs axi betseai ccntracta: and GwaniHit 
jnaides. This peper aqOains the audxar's ocnoept of the various elanaits of peperlffs ocntEact ewolutlai 
Sh oust be adrievBd to allcw the release of SQlicitatiais via oonputecs, aid the ewBitual aerd of ccntiacts 
via Qcnputecs. 

8«C1107» BSE 11 MGE1704CfflHIFreOFm: AI>^a37688 PfflC-TR«3-107-Var-3 (N»: F30eoe-«l-GOI42 AF HDJ. 
5581 83AMX) 351IWIS INlASSinHD DOOMNT 

UnL; Distributed ptooessii^ tooJs definiticn. Volune 3: Ai integrated softvare engineering awiranHit for 
distributed processing softsere developnait 

TLSP: HibL Tbdnical Bepart, Jiu 1981 - Jan. 1983 

Mm A/OW, H. C JR.; B^HlflQG, D. L.; C/tBLSCN, S. L.} IVHMMN, S. L.; E/XH«W, S. A. 

(HP: GsKalliranics Cbcp., Rrt %rth, Tebc. CSS: (Cfeta ^Btans Dlv.) AVftH-NEIS 

SIff: ECALS/tF/Ol 

QOi i wim SERIES; Qdffiss AFB, N.7. BADC 

MDB:/ iranBdlBB (OMUIEBS)/ aM«W i»0 OMBCL/ OCMfMCmO* lEWIKS/ O^ 

KHICL RlCnaC/ IJIE(DUWBIIiry)/JfSSMEHaESSDiyMIIIHiDrTHH^ FHUnOBflJS/ araErcKEEiB/ 
S1SIS6 Qiai^aKV TEBiII3Qr ASSESaCNiy \CAFCN SSSEEMS 

/Bft: aVi 

fBS: The objective of tWs ttae^itoe effort is to idmtify the hardwre/saftjro technkey p^tinait tote 
innlfliBitation of tl^itljKXXiilai aiteidBd distrlhutai ssystas for M) aR^^ 
amrarii tmttdiiK tte total Mfe-(yde softta* dew^^ 

edstiw^ar-teon softwce ggtaeering methcdDilflBy. techriqas ari toda to each llfe^ide iteset ad define 
the fiicticiBl dasiffi requirBiHits pertlnait to the far-tan dewekpnait of needed softMce ^m^ m^irg 
m^ixAUcfff tediiiquB ari tools. A product of rWs effort is Ae leumiumtal desiffi of a systai apport 
eiviraant awin«Bii« ti* integrated inplamntatlai of cerdidBte softoate a«ineeEing tools. 



251 



2004796 



CCCBk 



IS9T: 



CEB0Q265B; A reaqpiiticn algocithn of da^ied and chained lines for aitcDBtic inputdis of dEaKb^ 
Sdoada, S.; Kakusoto, S.; ^iri, M. OsnttalBBS. lab., Bltadii Ltd., Kokiunji, Jefsn £!)fst. 
Gbofut. Jaisn QEH) vdL.Vi, no.6 23-37 Jine 1967 

SCIDEP 

0B8Z-lfi66 



TteatmEnts 



HWdESL 



ItooinaitlVpe: JORKL BACER 

EK2IS (U Befis); Beoqgnition of Unas in drarirg^ is a nc^or task in sutiCDBtic data aoquislticn £Qr 
GAD (Gcnpiter-aicfad dBsd^i)* This pappr pcoposes ai algocithn for die reoq^iitifln of da^iBd and 
dioinad lines in gcsfhlcal ioQgBS. This aJgocitiiB Qcnsdsts of Xm objot steps: the local iwiudticn 
step vhidi extracts local oGmectivity of line s^giEnts, and the global leoggnitijcn step ^ch 
Y%m fiw iiM rcxite flndiis of ocmectHi sognents based on ^s^tsK* Ihe sg/ntax is usually specific to each 
type of dcsBidrgt ad is repcesented as rules. The peifatnHJoe of the proposed algacithn is 
(luiuisLLated based en €5<peciinents usli|{ LSI qbU dzsKb^ and tffrgra[hical neps ocntainins (tehed and 
chained lines as graiMGal ocnpcnEnts* 

Dsscriptocs: CAD; ccnputer gtafMcs; ocnpute ri sed pattan ceocBtxiticn 

Identifias: LDE BHIXNITIICN; DASSD IKES; OD; fUBOtKnC DRflHDC MUr ; BBDOGNEmU ALXREIBf; (BOHn) 
LDGS; CBffiDCS; GRAEHECAL IMMXS; UX»L (Zl«H33VnY; BDUIE FDGDG; SSNmC; ISE CELL CB/SONS; 

masftEHDCAL mps 



Class ODdes; €5530; C5260; CSiaOB; C7400 



20115B2 

GCCDI: 

IS9I: 

TbaatBEnt: 

DmiBitJIVpe: 

IsngjBfgBsi 

OBSdiptocs* 
IdEntifiecs: 

CIass_CbdBs; 



GB706S561; lEM has nev pnxicts for better naiEiging of voice/data netviodcs; Office (ISA) vol.106, 
no.2 40ALS. 19B7 

(FESAD 

QOOMltZB 

G&GMU ^BHEH 

JXRKLBffiER 

ENaiSB; A fandly of pcoducts that vDl afihle OBtanecs to better manege ad amect its and other 
mEnufiactucecs' oonnuiiGaticns ecfjipnent has been anomoed ty Ihtenaticnal Business Machines Cbcp* 
Ihe key eLanaHs include Moice and data applicaticnsy benduidth numjHum t, enhanced netuodc 
f axi incteased support for inteoHticnal canectivity standacds* 



CDffUIER benUtCS; DKIA CDMNDOQIM HlIIIICNr; IBtODfUIERS; V[IO GCMtNBCKEIEN 

m; V3II2/DKIA msKEss; MunnmmffCEtBH£i jxnaRmncEmSi TmEfxsnam. onbciiviit 

SDNXRS 
CS620 



EB7DQ2g71; Qmctivity! BEzwxd: fact or ficticn; Eteubedc, FJL Afa. (fenee. QSk) voLM, 
m.B3S^hjg. 19B7 



OJBb 
Ttoeadnent* 



iVMMFISait GBB4-a9G5 

GBCBAMEUIEtf; 

JORKLBKR 



252 



WUSi In txjdBff's active wxU of oamuilcatlons, one wid sbebb to be acaii±« v ox aid 
more^xiiBctlvity. In the wxld of data, this meais ocnpitets ocnmnicatii^ with ocnpitHS, i *»y«° 
with pemaiB, ari axi usas with a«i usera. There are sewsal steiB %hidi eai be tafcai tx) address 
the oomBcHvity isste: stabllA a goal for a lindtied set of vHifccs; estahiish a set of iiwialate 
staidtesds; assure trasparaxy to the aid usa^ fixce aU netwodc aHrassiiB to be logleally global; 
allotf fUfi tediriquBS such as virtual file/didc stocage ati global file addressiis to be ari-usa: 
aooessihle; esti4}iLidi global routii« fca: all netvoric traffic; distrlhite netwdc central aid 
Boxltorii^ qsteiB? vjse off-tte^Elf hardwre; aid involve the axi usa:, netxndc desigria: and 
nt in the comectivity dedsicn inakii« process. 



Otecritrtocs: MEEUXmHER Urics 



IdoidficEs: 



IMHWUfUIER OHlMESniN; VEPXW. MNEKFIIG; OWBCnVEIT; SBNMDB; EHE maDOES; 
arBftLBDUinG; fEWCIKTSAFEIE; NEnMJKONIBCL; BWJePE 



Class Gbdes: E6GQ0 



1979702 BB7062594, (87064118; IHl's advaxed oaniuiicaticns ardiitBctures Dyle, L.W. Int. tota Qxp., 

Fkanfa^an, m, USA Bus. Oamui. Itev. QJSk) wl.l7, nD.2 2&-31 tech-Apdl 1S87 



GCCEN: 

isai: 



BQCBED 



aiffl-3BB5U. S. Cbpyri^it Ofiaraioe Gaiter Code: 0162-3885/87/S0f50 



TbBatHBit: 



GaCBAUBEinEV; 



DoanEnt lype: XUENSL BAHOl 



LacMSges; 



HOIffl; rHqnK«« the trati towards nultivaitor integration and hw ia tfip oti^ nizatiais canirtjliae 
IBM's advauad oamuiicaticxB pcotoools for electraiic nail, docunait eKhange, data file egchaige, 
ad ndcnHicdn&aie applicatlcns. lEM is praiDtiflg its SJ^-^tans NetMxk AcchitBcture-ail its 
ypgiHatcri protocols as the camm lai^LBge fix miltivwdM: oonnunicaticrs. ftit a critical (jKstiai 
te bem \tetha IHCs major oorifidtocs aii other thinHarties wwld sun>a^ the aiMasal 
arddtectiKe. Rr iw the wbubc appeeca to be that th^ will. Despite resa:\fatiaB, Wgtal 
Bniipnt, taris, Vxq, Bwlett-ftKkard, Data Genaal aid aiBlla: third-party vmdocs are pxiv^ng 
Uiics betweai tlsir offioe siystans ari lEM hosts tuning niSOSSj aridudng 1987, other office 
vndKS are expected to oortBom to aft axi its rdated architBttiKeB. QjUjuuihiub to HM protocols 
nnr, in the fiitae, allov dissimilar equipiHit to esdH^B doonents and electronic nail with or 
witixjut QdiBctioB to aa axi im equipnait. \U2b aft and lOVs electronic nail protocols have beai 
sucossfiul in fipnKlng tMrd-party suRxrt, IW's newst architectures, Bntaoed Qniartivity 
Itemty ^ff) ari DistrlbutBd Efeita Itreganait (HM), have ady limited sfplicatiai and vendor 
smxKt. Bxem, owa: tine these protocols wiU also pick ip sifport from third party softuare and 
hBEttare vailors. 

Cteoiptors: (DfUaR rEMIKS; HOIDQOLS 



Idaitifiers: 



oMunR WMWS; oMfMaannB tstmscasssi canmmoB Hcnraisj HHaioac mkil; 
nxu«r KHNS: MA pnE HDwis? macymJXBtm tFOJcunoB; im? aft; ssm g newhc 

fl mrnpn uB. niCn»L BURfNT; BHOS; VI»G; mmXT-BtafSDi DHOAGQCBAL; mSOSS; BOttCH) 
ONQCIIVnY FiOIZIY; DESIKIBUra} DfflA MAIVfflfiNr 



caassGodes: BSOtU (SSD 



197B939 07069071, C870BBB17; fflecarchlcal-lwel Cffi q«tan features snap and siaplicity Madejovdy, M. 

fetlett-fodatd Salt I^ OetIcx Opar., UT, USA Electini. Des. QJSk) vol.35, no.4 113-16 19 Beb. 
1967 

COBi: H£DI!tfISai: 0013-4872 

Ttaatneit: HMODCAL; WtDXIlWmi 



253 



DKunoitlVpe: JUNAL BftEER 

la^jjBgjsi ENUS; ElectxaxLc Dssigii Sffstmf a CAE tool fior designiif; printed dtoiit boetds, ojstxia VISI 
dicuits and fSSEs is built aEomd an im^ative data-base tednoikg/. It lets an engineer mtxac 
sdxDBtics intascttvelyy simdate dtoiit designs» create parts Ubcaries, check electrical desiffi 
rules ad specify critical desigifi rec|LiirBiEnts. A user can intocactiMely check ccmectivltyy specify 
siflulaticn stinuLi and assigi ptiysical refiecefioes. Ihe desigiautciiBticn systan includes an 
easy-to-leain wxk awiraniBit ^di sinpHflffl interactiqi with a ocRfuter. ksang its hplpfiil 
features are iocns^ nultiplp vindowsy pci>-^> Qcnt£Xt-€pecific naus and a ccnsistent graphics editor. 

Etecrlptocs: aBOOT ilNIOSIS OOMUCDC; C3ICIIIT lATOUT Cffi 

Idaitifiecs: mHLEIT IfiXSDi lEER INIE8FACE; aKaHMOC CESEll SJSIQi; CSB'TOCL; HUNUD C3RCUIT BQffiCS; 
GUSICH VIS[ aBamS; ASKS; DKD^-BAS MaOJOOT; lESIQI-^^UiniKCnil SSESIDl 

COassCbdes: B113GB; (7410) 



19648M 
Sjpcnsor: 

RM: 

TkeatDEnt: 

Dxunait 



EB7QG5548; Hidtivendx netucdc reaUzaticn teoQ^ISIIIbshim, H.; VcBCffn, IC; T^lor, P.; 
VBDiBt P. Aiv. Micro Davioesi Inc., Snv^fsiBt C^ ISk; Kctn, P.J. (Bditocs) 

Int. Obuicil Gbqput. Ogbiiiii; Nof GbonuiiGaticn Sendees: A Challeip to Ooniuter TBdmLcg/. 
ftooeediiBS of the Eic^th Ihtermtiaial Gaafieranoe en OcDiuter QjmuiicatiGn 413-16 1966 15-19 Sept. 
19B6MLnich, Qenmy 

Nbrth-HoUand, Aistenhnt Nethedands 30^783 pp. TSi 444 70060 9 

WtCn£fL 

1^: (HfEEDCE E6EER 

ENGLES (4 BeEs); Ihe integrated services digital netuodc OHN) an evolviis standard far end-to-axl 
digital Qomectivity and seivioBSy is expected to haive a netjor inpact en tie reaUzaticn o£ 
nultivEndar system and netMxics. The audiors first describe present teLeocnnunicaticns and data 
pEOoessing aivircniBits. Ibers' needs for a nultiMendor integrated network in this environiEnt are 
djy^ypqpH. After brieEfy sumatiziJi; IHM, the audioes shot/ hov ISN fiilfills these needs. Finally 
th^ discuss activities that will lead to the suooess of ISH. Ihese activities include initial 13H 
inplfliBitatlcn throic^ the digital nultipiLsaBd interface EME and inootporaticn of ISCN in VISL 

dE5dcBS* 



Descrlptccs: TSN 



Idoitifias: IHRWaB; ISN; MIZneUR SISIB6; NERXIKS; MHXIMJNDCKmiE; EISIA HDCESSDG; INIHEfflH) 
IGTHCEK; USEH^HIIIEESEDTSEEBFItE; EME; VLSEEHOEES 

Class Qxies: BG210; B623CF 



1947009 



OIEN! 



C87(M8125, CB70Q219S; UNS: bringii^ infiopnatJcn todls tqgetlier Mod. Off. TIachnl. (ISA) mq1.3m 
n>.5 604-21 tfeer 19B7 

KFimiSEN: OQB6-820B 



Ttaatment; GSBBttL, JBHSI; EBACHCAL; 
EbaiiBitJ^pet JUMALBSEQl 



ENUEB Local area netModdiQ^cr, at least the inderlyi^g oonoept, shoring infionnaticn and 
resotKces-is an idea that has beoi aroijnd alnast as lopg as ocnputecs. Ibdey, gfXMixjg int^gcaticn of 
Gcaputer tecJipLQgy calls for a data oammicaticns capabdlity equal to that of the vcicB netuoddz^ 
taten fior granted in the teleihone netwodu ttvn tts Integrated Services EMa Netucdc (ISN) is fuUy 
inpLsnaited (it's being tested in sacral pQaoes this year), it will provide the sane uiiMersal aooess 
ID li>» and tBdd»lBsedst»oaa£iiig^timthatisrnre<i>e^ »« as nar 



tednoilcgies develop, liW voidocs are still trying to cnie to grips vitfi comectivity: creating an 
instated iBtwcdc wiA Iranifcare and software fran divecse vexiocs. Standardizaticn cr c aqpatlbll lty^ 
anns diffacait devioes ail also diffiprmt netwoddrit tednoilcgies is stllL at the fiorafrcnt of 
omoans of infiaoBticn oBi^as. The L»l industry is forecast to imease by aiotha: 2D to 30 
percait this year, and g^dn in 1988 \tm prices are eqpected to drop. 

Descriptors: UJCtL iiEA ^EIMHS 

Idaitifiets- L«B; IDCfiL mk lERmm;; SEMMDESnEN; MOWaUN TOOS; MHBfflKN; OMUIBR 
TSSanSl; QOA OMlNKXnilB; \raCE fEWCHOTC; INIHIWIH) STOKES IMA ICWIK; laW; 

(jjtsanssiin 

Class Cbdes: CS62QL; TB3X) 



1877817 
SjpcRSor: 

RjhL: 



BB702B175, C87DZ3292; 0pm systans for factoay ocraiuiications Kbchar, V. 

Intel Iht; ISfflA 86 ErooaadiiBS, 15th Ihtematicnal ^?npoeiiin en Aitanotive Tednology and 
AitcBBtion with fertioular tefioaioB to Gcn|Xita: Integrated Marafiacture ISSIA 860M/15 6-lD Oct. 1986 
FlinBy Switzeclaii 

AitaiDti^« Alton. (1984), Cnyian, Ek^laxl 3 t^. (i+114wf736+vf726) pp. Iffll 947719 06 7 



IteatmEnt: 



FIUCnCAL 



DDOBHit TVpes OOTEBENE BflHR 

la»Mffi: Bdlffl; Tte tetifacturiig AutoiBtiai PcptDool QttP) has rapidly beocne he most talked abort starxfard 
for nulti-4«iiar oomuiicaticxB in tte factory. MAP, based en a local area netwoddng iMioso|iy, 
oBbiLes iia r sfr" - of large smxnts of data betweai intelligafit nadnnes. Oi the factory floor, 
towever, there edsts a need for a fast, reliahle, low-cost oomiuucaticns standard that is ea^ to 
use. T^TTiR is a sTOor-actiBtar level interccmect sdiane desi^ied specifically to address the needs 
of such hiA-perfonrmse, cost-^roitive appUcatlois. This article oitlines the ^3ecificaticn of 
these two ocnpLaiHitary staxbrds and describes a set of CCM ncdoLes available to nBTufiacturers 
required to provide opai systens comectivity in their pcoknt affierii)^. 

Dteciiptors: IMA (DMMEXnCN SBEB; FAEHKr AIKMKniN; DQCSL ^BBMEIHHS; HCTOaiS; SE»0«B 



Identifiess: 



CSE; ftCSIS OlMMDOiaB; WMBOKDG imMMICN HOTOOOL; MfiP; IDCfiL mti ^E^^^arc; 

cnMMonaB simoto; nnHB; atHiwaiwiR m»L iMEKiMBcr scffic; OM KniES; oai 
SSCSIB6 (XNOcnvnY 



Class Cbdes: B621CL; C562CL; 07420 



1876139 

S^xnsor: 

Rjbl: 
Tteatmoxt: 



BB7CBB14,, C87023262; RDET: a local area netwodc of nultiple ccmectivitytehnai, H.H.; 
D^coseilliers, J.L.; \fllscn, J.D. ftpt. of Electr. Ehg., R. MQ. Ooll. ofCSnada, Kiiiptcn, 
Ort., 



HEE; lEHS EIHaKKHIM '8S. Qxiferace Erooaadii^ (Qit. N3.a5Cffi238-4) 64-7 vq1.1 1985; 7-9 Oct. 
1985 Toccnto, Qit., Canada 

IEffi,teftok,Ua3val. 675 ». U. S. Qwri^ Clfiaratt OEnter CJode: a5Cffi238- 4A»649ai.OO 
ESBCDOIEMU Dxunoit IVpe: GQtiEBSIZ BfiEER 

HGtCffl (IZItefe); HOET-K is a local area network of oxiiBctivity K ^3 cc 4). It has a n^gjilar 
structure axi us® the ndninuB nnter of lirks to obtain the required ocmectivity. The t ctxJogifis of 
ttese networics are pcesaited. A pcotDOol has been definad for the netwodc to enable the transfer of 
data in ai oc^niaed feddoi. The protocol uses three types of padoets. A preUndnary desigi is also 
pcesaited of a rxxie for ROET-S. These netwodB were sinulated en a Banq^MBll ccn|UtEr to obtain 
their tfaro^iut snl delay. Besults of the sinulaticns are presaited. 

255 



O^scrlpfxxs: E»IJ lOERttir COflJEDG; lOCtLSEkmSKBSi tENOERTnEOUXSf BKKET SHEKHDG; mmxns 

Idaidfies: SISNMZ I/N mOOaES; NDCE EESO; FHOET; UXSL i!IB^ ICMIK OF MIZIHE OGNeCUVnY; 
iraiiR SnUUBE; MINDUf NICER GF UNS; 1901011^ ESOMNSOT EESIEN; IfflOUGHEUr; OEIAf 

Cl£GS_Gbdes: 662104 HIIIO; B6150; CS62GL 

IP^jpTT^ EB7QE2B135| C87G23136, IB70Q1220; Trends in oamuiicatiais netvicdcs: fiat's imL and fiat's not 

Gkdoy, G.; \fccds (USA) moI. 15, no.4 12-17 Dae. Ide6-Jan. 19B7 

(XCDf; \HHIl 

IS99: 0164-4742 



TtQatHBit: 



EBACEECAL 



Docunentjype: JOUENAL GAISl 

la^guagBs: SCLCS; Hie treds in intiqgtatUn ad netucddz^ indufe the anoept of dep ar tne n tal ocnputii^gy or 
the clhtHt t iiH ital resouroe poooessx. DsfBrtncntal ocn|utiic is the idea tlatt betwaen the pgsonal 
(xniute: and the main&ane in a largp cogxaattai, there vill be a departmaital systBR acting as an 
Integcator fior iM^mml oGnpitEES* lb attBin a true siilti^^dor oiviiujiuiti ouinunicaticns bticJBSS 
between dlffiersit types of affloe s;ysten5| diffiecefit {xotoodls and different local area netwDdcs ace 
letiuiied. Ihe IBl tcten rix^ and the lEM PC netuock in the general enviroment of local area netuocks 
in lacge oocpocatiais ace inixxtEnt naa dennedcpnents. In additioi, JEM ocniBctivity is a gcovtfa acea. 

Oescciptocs: OHUIHl (EMIKS; DfflS^ OMlNIiCmEN SZSIEM5; INQR-OGMEUIER LDKS 



Idoitifiecs: aMUnOOIIIS IdUCFKS; (EnmOK;; IH»RII«I»L GMUEIIG; lE?mmmL FESOURCE HCCESSQR; 
msma CdfUIER; FWnCBttE; MUnSNDCR QMnNCNT; COtUIIOaiKIG HODGES; lOCfL HEk 
lESKBfSi TM in/W RDG; lEM PC tEIMOX; HM ONGCIIUnY 

Class Gbdes: B621CL; CS620; EGQ20 



iaS20Bl BB70BQQ749 C870!l£3B7; Aalysis of a kind of fauLt-tolEcant i n terocmectkn netwodc Jin, L.; langfY. 

Dept. of ELectr. Br^., BErnGylvania State Univ., Ufdvecsity Baodc, RV, USA, B(«ng, K.; Jaoobs, S.M.; 
Siertzlaikr, B.B. ^tocs) 

Sjpcnsor; IEEE; ftm^lvanda State UrLv.; ACM; R^ooeedinBS of the 1986 IhtecatiaBl OnfiBccnoe on I^aallel 

FtoQBSsii« (&t. Ib.86Cffi3S5-6) 335-42 19B6; 1^2 kjg. 19B6 St. Qades, IL, lEti 

R±l: WE Ocnpit. Sx. ftess, ^feddi^tsfi, DC, IE& xviii+lCBl pp. ISN 8186 0724 6, U. S. Goiyrie^t 

lOenterCode: Q100-391&/ 86/0000 -Qa3S$aL.Q0 



Tteatncnts 



mtcnctL 



Dboscnt IVpe: OOffiSCNCE EAEER 

langjBgsst ENUSB (6 BeEs); With the aim of desi^dn? a hig^ aR^dllahLe distributed Qcn|uter systan, an 
intEKGomection netMsric with nboed static and (i^^mdc topnlngles has been pcoposed and deMeloped. A 
quBntitatiw analysis is pcesoited for the fauLt-toiLecancae peEfiocBBnoe of the netwodc, indidiis the 
pcooessor oamsctivity and the wcst-^case dianetGr. Ihe DEthod used in the analysis is oonstiuctlMe 
in natuce so tiat the cesult not only ^ions that the fault-toLecanoe capability of the pcoposed 
iiiU&uiiJBCticn netMock is hi^iBr then that of othar adstins sdiaues, but also sqr seirve as tia basis 
of a distdbutal fault-tolecait routii^ algocitfaa vitfa lov space and time CMedaads. 

Descri p tocs; CQfUiro IdMIKS; DID& OMfMIOinCN SESIBS; nrSIWHlIED HOCESSPG; EAUJ TOHlftir GGKUEDG 

Idaitlfiecs: EHIT-TDLEEUNT INuAUitHHON tEINCK; UkjlkitaJIH) CCMUro SESIBl; INDERGCNQCnON NEnxIK; 
mtmc TORIDGIES; (mfmgTDm mSSES; HOESSOR aNBCnvm; iXBSr-Qffi 

wax-TamKEastEuin; iMraa:NH3miffiiNK; ixsnoEuiED PiuziaERair lo^^ 



Class Qxls: B6210L; CS220; CS15QJ; CS62D 



BBABOaB, (S7aifiai2; Ihter-orgpnizaticn nelMjrics: infOicatiais of acces ctnttol rajriranaits fee 



1JB42967 
dCEN: 



i«M} Qjipit. Qnmu. fev. (IBA) \rol.l6, nD.3 254-M A«. 1986 

COTE ISai: 0146-4833; ^ SEmM '86 Synposim en Ooinuii^tiais ito*^^ 

A^lSe6 Stowe, Vr, USA; U. S. Cbpyri^t deaianoe Oaita: Qrie: a«791-2Ol-5/86AHXWEM$0O.75 



lat^Eges: 



■QsatJiait: HUCHCAL 
DbaBBitJVpe: ODMBEOIE Bfiffil 

ENUffl (IB tefe); Uim ttc (r note distiart oi:gni2adais intemniKt 

netsiodB thar fcm ai Ihter-Ocgatizatlm Netvwk (EN). lOb awort the eG±a«B of CftlVCftM date 

to amlias' onfa-aitry siystaiB, and the disEBd ose of etpsBivB ocnpitetiaBl resources ly resear* 

SSte, as enailS. ^ aUr a»ly2« the ttdidcal inpllcadcre 

^ a^rizatioitembries. itfta: aBljsdi^ the ot^xiatim OTtert in^ch I^ 

author teBtmtes tint such intecaniectlais are not satisfied ly trafitloial netswk desi^i 

criteria of comectivity end trareparaicy. To the ccntrary, a primaiy l^^f^^-^J^'™^* ^ 

aoDBBS oaitml, axi particiiBtii^ org^totiaB nust be abk to liMt coiiectivityari 

hori^ries visible. 9ie describes a sd«E based on "«J^=f^ "^^^^ 
IntoomectiiK or^iisatiTO to oaifainB gatew^, netsnric, and q>stem-l£wl nEchanJans to entea 
cTDSS-bandary ooitiDL war inwaatiai and infiamatiai fLw, vMle ndmraizing interfaaioe with 
intamL qpecaticns. 

Daalptois; COfinHl NEEWHCS; HOnxaS 



IdEntifiecs: 



^EIWW:MHaNBCIIEN; AIESSaNIPDLREanFEMNIS; INIHgMtmi M HOTDCO S; ^gqCAtg^ 



C3£ssOodas: B6Z1CL; (2620 



1836336 CB7aifi6«; MiltiA«ibc intararects provide dissindlar S5®tan ctxiiectivlty »e1^ Vfataabe, 

B.M.; FlaLDKt Bentoi, U^ \Ek 

Aidoonr (USA) VDl.6, no.ll lAO-3 Itw. 1986 

COBk BRXEJ 

IS91: 0Z7^-8123 



Iteatnait: HMCHEAL 

Ebamt IVpe: JIRKLBAEBl 



BGLia; lhtilafiew>«saBB, iiHinfiaiEocn|juta3pciiiBri]ya«a^ 
gdid «^ udaoocnnitBS, aii the ofiBsis drifted to distributed processing. Tbdy, ttee^s a need 
fir oBinfEae camuteES to interamact with these nrini and ndanoonpitea, and tWs need inoeasinKly 
invQlva largTaiiMits of data in tinMritlcal ewiroiimts. The nBinfiaae has evohwd into a 
r^oslttay fine (kta ^i*" aii a woddttse for ccnputar-intensive opecatiaB. 



Descriptocst MIZORXESSHG SSIBfi; SOnWCE FCKEffiHHY 



Xdofitifiecss 



maiVEMXF 1NIH0CMH3S; SBIEM ONBCnvnY; MAMWIfi GCMUIHB; MDCHXXMUIHIS; 
HCOSSBB; TDfrOanCftLOWKNCNIS} MAPIIES; OMUIBR-INIHBDB CHRSnOB 

257 



l lfSIH IHIITO 



Class Godas: CSMO; QSllO 



1823013 CB7Q1CB61; Multiple-bus inteEamBctdcn for futuce nuLtipcooesscr system Eti^rif L.N. Gaiter fix 

tdr, Gcnput. Studies, ScutfBJestem ladsiaia Ihiv.t Tafeyette, lA, \Ek 

Sjpcxiscr: US Acny Res* QEfioe; RrooeedinBS q£ the \fcdcEhcp en FUture OLrectiais in Ooniuta: Architectuce and 

SoftuBie 9B-1Q1 19B6 S-7 )fey 1986 Charlestcn, SC, \Sk 

R±l: US Atny Bes. Qffioe, RESoacdi lUangLe Vaxkf IC, }JSk vMA pp. 

Iteatnait; HMCHCAL 



D3ainentJVpe: ONEBSCE HSBl 

lanfgjBfgssx EN3IS (15 Befis); The perBooiaiDe of nultipcooBSSor systans depends largeily on the pafimnm oe of 
the intecQcmectiGn netwodc (IN) that ccmscts ptncRssot^s to manocies or j axxxsac Ks to pcocessocs. In 
addition to pcovidins ^lAI amoctivity at lanf oust, the IN nust be fault toleont and be suitable fix 
a vBcied dass of algocithns that the systan ney csaeaite. Althai^ a lot of *gt*«g<g has besn plaoad 
lately on a dass of netMxks called fl&dtistage intecamecticn netModcs (MINs), th^ do not satisfy 
the later ocnditicns* Becently there has been ai nwjujtf of interest in mil ti pip-bus systens* Ihds 
esystem pcovides ixtiennt sinplidty of the sbigfl'B-bus architecture \«h£le pcoviding a la^ge bendwidth 
(EH) fix data ttasfier* Also, it is suitable fix ay kind of algoidthiB snd has ai added advaitgge of 
fault-toloaice. Ihe author presents the [jwi ftaiiHOi of both oenttalbed afid decattralized 
nultiple-bus intenxnnecticns. 

Dasodptors: OJtmaSR ilfSnSCaiE^ EMIT TOJEBmr GQrfUn»G; MULUBEIXSSSINB SmOfi 

IdentLfiiecs: EALLT TGUEUHE; MIHURXESSCR SESID6; BUUUNHHIN IdWFK; (XN^ECENnH; MULUFIE-OE 
SCSEEMS; B!MKIDIH; JXLkTB^iSER 

flagg Qodes: CS220 



138QB5 

CQBI: 
IS3I: 



(SECOeS/6; INIXGKIBIUrSUnMJN, F. lOGISnES ^m!G&£N^ SXST. CBOHl, UOQff-ainStSCN Am FCRE 
BAS, (H, lE&amjm«IU)(U5&)\aMl8tN3.agB67-a; 26S^r. 1984 

a«ffi 

0Q1&4841 



Tbeatncnt: iPPiSEi WCHEfL 
DbQJoentJlVpe: XUNKL BAEER 

la^gueees: MUS; Bepxts on ai intelligent s^tewey system, based on Bedoelfy 4*2 INIX with lamnoe livetmare 
lab atarEDcnts that will tie aU of the Irgtetics CGnnaid's infiggnBticn systens. Hie Intelligent 
GateuEy ftocessx QS) is nuch more then m interfisce betMaen tuo netMdcs. It does prcpvide a user 
with the ability to ccmect to local-^araa netuocks, public data Netwodcs, the Defense Ebta Netmlc 
(UN) and others, but the lEP provides nuch nore seEvice than just camectivity. It is a user's 
vlndnf to the world of infioonaticn prooassixB* 

tescrl p tor s ; fEMIK oratfllNS SISIB6; dlfUIHl INEEBEKES 

Idendfias: EHKOET 4.2 IND^ SHmOHEN SSIEMS; INimJISir GflEHff HIXES9QR; WOL^SEklXJSagS; RHJC 
DKIA IEENCER5; IHDS DOA lETWIK; aNBGHVETf 

Class Qxfes: CS61£N; Q615QJ 



258 



Hqj L2 Title : Automated Electronic OMI's 

Operations Requirement : 

Operational and support procedures should be computer-based and maintained. 

Rationale ; 

rnnv^nflonal hard copy procedures are difficult and expensive to maintain. The 

5n-.Sy errors Auto^ted procedures would control procedural sequence, data 
recording and associated support data presentation. 

Saaple Concept t 

Procedures to be received from vendor in MIL-STD-18A0A i"*^lj|«»i"8, «"P*»^"; 
These da?a then to be processed into an operational site procedure format. As 
JJocedures are scheduled for performance, the test conductor calls them up on 
Sn his terminal and follows display of instructions and sequences. 

Technology Requirement : 

Procedure authoring and update, standardize text and graphics formats. 

Technology References : 

NASA/RBCOH, 36Nn20., 86|;20.77. 8|J.2775*. 8|N27m, «N24833, 

■>"-== 1^2^: fXI^: i?l?t!l; iUiSI5; ItJSU- """"• 



259 



8aC1206» ISSUB U B£E 1850 Q!(IH2E7 62 aSABA^ 

UHL: Staifantizarioi of local area netwodcs (UtB)t UN sesrvloe and I/N intec^ce 

MM: A/VSiBSOD, J. 

GCFP: RriUpB IhteaBticiBl B.V.t EindiCMen (NethGrlails). CSS: (Pcocijct Dlv. TelaQcnnuiiGatiaB ^nsteisO 
AVULJIEIS 

SAP: K AB/MF KH In Kcnirklijk liist. vsn Jrgsdsjrs IbticmLe m^-DBy, In Search of the Pcaxdsed I^ 12 p (SE 
^66^212Q^ ll-«2) 

CD): IEIHS(UNS 

MAJS: /^ammxrsNi^aKiifs/ -^^ 

MINS: / (BSNELS (DKIA HWQflSSECN)/ CfflA LD«S/ DKIA HOESSINy WA WHOttSSBK/ mWOOL (COfUinS)/ 
MfinffNEaiKI) 

iSA: Author (ES&) 

ABS: Definition and sta YhrrHmtim pnsslhiHtles of a IJ!N tednolcey IndependEnt interface vitldn the (ip&\ ^fntms 
Ihtaccarectim Basic ReC a Bx je Model wane irMestig^ted. Ihis standard intecfaoe wtxdd enetHe a sinfiLe 
oomecticn betueai tTpmrinflls and liM's of diffiecent manifiactuceEs. Ihe i i Bpor tan oe with D^gard to future 
ocDnuiicaticn-integcatBd UtH'Sf pcovidiicr for the QcanuiiGatiGn in one bdMr^ oar oaqplexy ws enfiBEdzed. 
Hoce kinds of oomuiiGaticn on one UN neans the aptness of the Ii!N for the t ra i spuil of data blocks aid 
continuous data streans* 

•86raD477*# ISSLE U BCE 1733 CKIHIiar 18 RPr»: NlfiMI^177841 ^»S 1.26:177841 m>H13«A-\a^ t«S5-2B0BZ 

unL: Sjpaoe station data system analysis/architecture stud)/, l^sk 2: Options devekpnent, CBr-5* Vdhjns 3: 
Rxgcaninatic options 

OCBP: Md3onneIL-OtMsI^ Astroeutios 03.^ Bmtii^gtcn Boedi, Calif. AiSOLJins 

SAP: tCmAVIOL 

QD: INDEED ^j^ ^iws 

mjsx /^cawssR ssiems mxsms/ '^wys>W3 dkia sscsihc/ ^densL sbke ssmntE/ ^soN^szenan/ ^'Sssibs 
tsratafNT 

MINS: / OMfNAIZn/ OHfNDaniM ICTOCHS/ IKI& BASB M««G^ HCOICMENiy QMiHI 

(josasaj sf£E OMWDusnaa/ satosss/ sksqms inihxkcecn 

tBki M.G. 

i!B5: 'bsk 2 in the S^paoe Station Dsita ^stan (SSB) itnalysis/AcchLtectuce Study is the developnent of an infioonaticn 
base that viU s^^xrt tfie conduct of trade studies and provide suffidott data to neke desiffi/poqgtannatic 
dedadcns. Ihis ^xiIuib idoxtififis the pteBaial options in tiie iM i i^ i vpmm i*^ catqepcy and dBcacteciaes ttee 
options with respect to putfuumme attributes^ oonstraintSy costs, ad risks. Ihe [■ny^M ii ^ tir catqgocy 
includes nethods used to adtadnistratB/iiBnaBe te dB^lopaent, opeaaticn and DBintensnoe of tie sas. Ihe 
specific areas dlsa j sa e d include standardizatian/ocimnBlity; s^^tens maneeanent; a:vl systens deveLopmanty 
induUns barduBce proourensitt softfere deveLopicnt and systm intqgraticn, test and verificatiGn. 

83C77S4* ISSK 16 BAGE 2B7B GSmSCRT 82 BPTI: i&^a52aQl IIIVSQQ0.12-H-Fr-1 84/KVa) 174 B£ES UGi^SSIEIED 

oooiBir 

UtIL: BCD nBual fix standard data eLencntSy part 1 

260 



(OTs E^artneit of Dfefiase. %*ir«tcn, D. C. CSS: (Edrectocate fir JnbmOiai (^aatioB and Bqiccts.) 

/BffiiLjans 
'AP: mMSAVtca. 

C3D: INdfilSDaES 

M(US: /*aDINy ^OOA BftSE M««GafNr SBIHB' *^ 

HIN5: / [QENX HGSM/ nXUfiOS/ MttUOS 

ABS- This teiHl IspidishedtyiamirovidfflaourrHitrefieraioBSCuixete ^^ 

«7 «Sr Th aStim it oxitaixB aaiaal gyidelinas axl criteria fir the staxbrfizaticn of data eOaiHits 

S™d inftKmtim m data elfl«»t aid dfeitaoxtestajto^tim,^ 

lJ^^JLJ^l^^^^V^^t aiD^b^md ^critecia to ^appiisdin the stBobniizatim 
JSE^^ti^?SrM^lK^lL^^anS,ai.tai«B^ all DcD staidari ^ 

S^JO^S) enlists the ohsQlfitBliDIhtaelfliHitsard date standard iBfierare ru*er 

(iria:, aOiWbeticany ty rene, aid hy fc^^rocd cut of ccntert. 

©C7m#ISaEl6Bffi2774aaHIK32Rm: i>iwa32134 8^09/0) ITO RCES INlifiSIEIH) EOOlBir 
UnLiMaialysisofdfeitadlctlcrariesanithekroleininfaniHtimr^^ M.S. Thesis 

SJOi A/I/N3N, S. L.; B/OHB, R. L. 

OCBP: Ifewal RastgradiBte Sdiool, Montecey, CfeOif . AVAIL.NIIS 

SAP: fCfO^AVfCa. 

QOi ujfnsD snass 

MIUS: / ^OMUim HOaWB/ «fflA BASS/ «ICna«KlES/ ^^^ 

MBBsAHfUHR HOIWMNy lOFIHJlH) HIKESSINa/ aJ(»^^ ^^^^ 

SDQES 

ilBA: <KA 

AB- The floal of effidait na^aiHit of ai ois^ri2atim's infionatim recmB can be ao^^ '5°^^ 
Sl^tSm iS « TTSm dictioBry. T*^ t*«^ i^«te sttucture ari toc^^ 
SSry a«l aB]y» the atteipt of the fetioHl Bui«u rf Standards to pra^ g^ 

fflBdSSdm fx « in the waOmtim ari sdectlm of data dictlcnarles in the fied^ 

Sctiorary patteeasrFiiBUy, sane ideas oo»aiiir« poaslK^ «* 



aaC^e^ ESE 1A MGB m OamW e PPH: l«St<lH725ffi NSS 1.26:1725B2 CMIh NflGl-242 a&tBAB 107 BME 
(NXASSIFin) DOOUdT 

uriL: Beoutlve ccnttol systass In tJie enginserlng desiai ewircnmnt 
TIS*. M.S. Ihesis 

MJSBi A/HBSr, P. V. 

OW: Virginia ltoiv.,Cterio«»vlIl«. CSS: {SiaiL at^^fr^±% a^ ifpii^ SdmB.) imuins 



SAP: Bctos/tna 

QDi IMHED SEKIES 

WJS: /^itfTUDICRIS HOGRAfS (OCMEUIHS)/ ^^^flCHnECIlBB (CDCUIERS)/ 'KIlfUIER AIIED lESBIV KOWTER AIEED 

mvptcaiaix; 

HQ6: / CUSSIPSXnaiB/ CCMEUHR SJSIEMS TESSnS/ SOiiCSXnZiSnaV TFClNTfrar TRAEEER 
tBk: M,G. 

iSS: iki eaaaidMe oontcol systsn (HS) is a softttare structure fior inLfyijqg ^^ricus affilicatians ocxies into a 
oxprefaensiMe s;ystaiL It provides a libcary of appHcatiaSf a tiiifcxm aooess method thccqe^ a oentral user 
ints£aQet ad a data nEnagenHit ^cilLty* A sucvsy of tMcnty-fcur eHaoitlMe QGntrol systsss desiffied ro inify 
^/arious CSVCfE appUcations for use in diverse ergixBerir^ desigji avdiGnnaits vlthin gimimant and industry 
W3 cxnducted. Ihe gcBls of this research yecB to establish systen reqidrenEnts t30 sucve/ state-of-the-art 
architectucal desieii anxoaches, and to prc^dde an cK^rviev of the Mstodcal cMoIuticn of tiiese systems. 
Rufdaticns fior desigin are presented aid include enRdicnnaital settiif^y ^ystan reqidrenentSt major 
ardtLtectUEal ocnpnentSy ad a systen dassifiGatiai sdsne based en knouLeclge of the supfcrted cnsiiBeriris 
danain(s}. ki CMecviar of ttie desigfi approaches used in deMeikpdrf^ the nctjor architectucal ocD|3onents of m 
BCS is presented vlth csaqpAes take fcon the sucvi^yed systans« Attenticn is draun to four OE^or areas of BCS 
developnait: interdiscipilinary usage; standardtzatiai; knouOfi^ utUizatLcn; and onputer sdaioe 
tednolcg/ tzafsfer. 

a9I12793# ISSUB 3 B£E 439 QIOHZBY 8Z Bm: Sytl^^SSSD SMB/QO €7 BOES U^ „ ^ 

UnL: ki a tvLuad i to interfaring data bases in \MCES ACP 

HSP: M.S. Thesis 

AUIH: A/MdODSr, S. K. 

ODFP: (faval Rstgtaduate School, Montec^, Calif. ^AQmNHS 

SAP: fCiOMVKIl 

ODi INEIB)SEKIES 

MD6: / OmraOICDGN lEBKHS/ nnSIRTHJIH) mXSSSHG^ HCOMKnOI EaSSBONKCKM/ HfdHKEIIN FLOV/ IIFRKEDCN 

tBS: EuoLvizs recfuiranents indudiiig the devekpnait of the Joint OpaaJdai Bardrg and Eteouticn Sl^stem (JOES) 
are forcdns the Vbckbdde MQitacy Gkmnend ad Cbntrol ^stan (WHMXS) HP ocimuilty touard the deMelopnait of 
a distributed data base approach to Infiocnaticii aanaganatit* In this thesis the ELectxxidc Efetta IhterdEnge 
(JSS) Qonoept is CKanined as a proposed ^stan for realizi^s a distritauted data approach. Usirg tlK HI 
Qonoepty ary cdmcnd ^iMch could txaisQate to ad fixxn the BCOE stadanl data set could csocha^ data with a^r 
otiiEr panicipBtiiig uiuuid* Tnplflnpntation of this sort of systan would facilitate interfaces wang tiiiiimlM 
iMle not Unriting participating Miiiifciib to fyw^fir hatduGDDei softwaret or data base mBnagenent ^ysteas* Ihe 
thesis proposes die tui oonoept as a step tcwacd realization of better data distributicn and BEnagEncnt in 
\KKXSSF. 

8a!ia£mJS3E2W(E2f6(XSS0aSQ iaHai3923 84A]SAX) 18 BKE5 imAS^^ 

UnL: In €9<pert system for represeatb^ procaducal kncMLeclBe 

Mjax AASSOEFF, IL 

262 



OBP: 9([ JrOBOBtiaaL Gaq>., Hshlo ta±, C^Qlf. 

CSS: (Ardfidal IhtElligence Oentsr. ) AVMLMIS 

SfiP: KA22/Wi!013hDawB:teBaniiIhst. Artificial IhteUigaioe in MadntsHice p 153-170 (SE 185-11592 02-63) 

C3D: llinH)SCSIES 

MAjs: /**uia«anc tet HinMNiy *mHEnE hgms/ *E55Emr sibeb/ ^emit otk^ie/ «iEisnc jehes/ 

ASJS1B6 QGNSmG 
MD6: /KKWIBXZ/ WOMHiME^ IftNfflWNr fflHK/ FBEraaNESEKTB/ SBUMS IMHIWEaN 
mx AitfaorCCSA) 

ABB. DwelflpnaJt of effiectiT« autontic sjystaiB for feult isdatim aid diagnosis reyires reascning about saymos 

3^^^ actios. IhfortireSy, tx^^^^ ^>^ ^f^^ ?^ "^1^^ f^^^^^J^S^^ ^ 
^xatoL kno^lafee. 3h this paper, a sd«E is pcesaited *at aUo^ *e «phat rj^ 

d^Se aril^HJural tawl=tee with a uiified fianworic, yetre 

««t qfstBB SUA as fladhmty, «paaBt0cy capahmty art ^ •"^^f^liL^i?^ 

aT^haiistic dedaiative krwladfeB ttat madntaBree wgineens iw possess to be in^^Jj?^ ™ 
!3^3^!S^^^SaKio3orfSinBthxbofiiBintHmsplaB. taBirwpadfic metalewl knoKlaJ^ on 
also be^^^eaitBd within the saiEfoQiBlisn. A diii>lfi ^«sim of the sdiaiE has beai fiiUy iaplaiHitBd and 
ai^dled to the dcnain of aitninhile-fnginB fait diagnosis. 

8aa7968 BSE 17 HCE 2468 QflBGnff 17 8^00/00 6 EflGES INIASSIEIED DOOMNT 

UnL: Stanfard data prooaduces fix future space projects 

MM: MVim, G. V. 

B^ A/(Daitsche Fbtsduss- uii Mtouchsanstalt fiua: liift- wd Pamfehrt, Wassling, West Ganav) 

^OD: aam^mmL femuc cf? (obemi. ms, cesih). ari iwtBi 5^' *;S?t;^Jf^ JJ^S^^ 

atellltes, lstari9th,aiiTbpi<alMBetii«,Graz, Ajstria, J«2SOu]y7. 1984)i«wnces^ 
(ISai(E73-lI77), wL. 4, no. 11, 1984, p. 175-180. 

MDB: / HiVroaO im SSmty BaOBN SME HC(5»B/ Nft^ 

iiK: Ai imnriuctlai to the a«^to^ri <fata siystm oowpt ^Wdi oasiden both instru^ 
SeS^fia^guiadii«fiarpadertdOTtryaripad«rttd«^ 
Sj^aii dB«kped ifanntematioBl ooreultativB oanri^ 

Sob «Kd«rS discussed. The status of the doommts oi staxbcd data procatees ^f^ «f«^' J** 
iSlerriBsis glvai to the dooiieit en packet telanBtty. kitaxBOS pyload control, ^MA is a pilot 
prcject fior tte stu%r aii tte dancnstraticn of the nw data prooakices, Is describal. 

84Q1406** ISa£ U B£E 1748 OfSSSIS 82 84/04/GO 6 EASS UOASSIEIED aXXMENT 

UTIL: AitCDBted RDDP vmegaiBat systen 

AUO: A/BH2ES, P. 

OW: tbtioBl Awmidcs aiJ StBoe Ahdnistatiai, ttdringtcn, D.C /Hm-NEB 

SftP: BCAB/»iOllhits»SAAiBln. Ebta Base Itoaeawt ^fstans, 1S83 p lS-18 (SE 18W1403 11-82) 

QDt uinBJSIXIES 263 



mjSi /AQOA BAS }¥i»EaW£ SiSSBE/ ^TSf^RKHW WmSBHC/ mmSW£ IlfCmOXN SISIBfi^ iKN4JtE SISOStB/ 
^^SSSQMS SGDBERDG 

MD6: / CDfUIER GBAEHIiCS/ OlCUISl lEMIKS/ GCHEUEEBS/ OUMYOSS/ SCtN^SSSZSnSH/ SKSIBfi ENSI^aNS 



IBki AJLH. 

ABS: Ihe structuce of N!SA's Office of iteconBUtlcs and Space Tadnoikey eLactrcnic infionnaticn system netuodc &an 
1983 to 1965 is illustrated. Ihe KIOP aitcsBted systan takes advaitagge of exLstibng hanlhBrey softuaret and 
csqsertiset and provides: (1) ocniutedaBd ocMsr ^heet and resouroes focms; (2) eLectroiic sigiature and 
trarendssiai; () a data-based infiopnaticn system; (4) gcaiMcs; (5) interoaiter Gcnnuiicaticns; (6) 
mEneacBit infiocmaticn; ad (7) text editii^. Ihe ^ystsn is ooocdiiBted witfi Headquartecs efforts in oodes 
R,E, ad T. 



2QS7337 BB7Gf76456, CS706746O; M opaatiais system based oi sqsert system tedniquBS Sevdk, M. 

Sienens-Alhis IGf Zodcfat Sidtaerlaii 

SjptjBor: t™?-; IhteoBtiaBl Svitddzig £^m|Dsiun 1987: 'Sfncpgaticns in S(dtchii^ Tediioikg/' . EtooeediiiBS 

(C^. K>.S7CB2431-5) 160*5 voLA 1987 15-20 )facch 1987 Ehoadx, fZ, IE& 

RM: TFPR, New Yodc, NT, U5& 4 voL. »dvfl014 pp. U. S. Gbpyright Omcenx Center Qxfe: 

CBBG1-5/87/000O. aLeO$01.00 

TteatiDEnt: HUCdEftL 

DbojiBitJVpe: OCtfERSCE BARER 



IsngjBgssi 



Dssdiptocs: 



IdaitifLas: 



EN1I9 (9 Befs); rtindpal ocnoepts and iofiLanafitatiGn of an opecations ^ysten ace desczibed. Ihe 
salieit feature of the mderlying appcoach is die use of a fonnal kncK/ledlge repoesentaticn of 
opecaticn and neintaBnce pcoceduces for digital switddi^ syslBns. Ihis knovledge base uses die TL 
spedfLcatiGn and descriptim lapgguagei enriched ty a nile-tesed appcoacfa for SJL^iffBl definition, 
and not cnly replaces die ocnMenticnal opecating nenals but will be autonatically intcEpreted in ai 
expert cpeEatLcns system ocmected oiline to die switches ocntraUed. Ihe inplLenEntatlcn stiategy is 
based on a pasonal cxnputer (PC) and handles the opecating and medntOEnoe finctiais for the EU9) 
digital stduMic systan. EktenskiB in tie taowledl^ base allov for integcaticn of otter Etching 
systBDS as well* 



EDGEEAL GOMNIiCKEIIN SZSIEMS; EUdBCNIC SkiiuurG SZSEEM5; 
AEIUEKnCNS; NENIR OEERffllNC SSSIEHS 



SEERT S2SIB6; HKHXXIffUQR 



(HRfflmS SKSIBl; RRIAL KN310XZ MEESannXN; (JEBMSHW; WJSEESSXEi DHaXAL SHEKHDG 
SESBB^ KNMmZ B ftaE; S L SSIEIQIQDN ^ E EaggPnOI ItfOK E; B ttE -BAffl) iSHDACH; 
SCUSDGNIiL EEEDHZIEN; BSEERT (HKftUUNS SISIEH; IBESCNKL OlfUIER; BSD DSaXAL SUEKHDG SJSIBf 



20Q89Z4 BB7Q72S56, GB7062S57; Qonputedzed autanotive nedntaane systan (GMfi) amilton, S.C. Gen. Itotacs 

Qocp., Detroit^ ME» USt^ 

SpacBon Casa. Rtspanido Flxene; ftcndnoe FIgdoxb; IheoDtech. ilssoc. Tbscary; IMv. FLacenoe 16di 

TSKEki Th RssuLt of Hedidcal Bocellaioe. ftooeedinBS of the 16th IfataiBtiaBL ^inposiun en 
AitcfflDtiMe HlBchnQkksy and Attcmaticn, with Baortiajlar Befaenoe to AjtcmotiMe MccoELectccnlcs, 
^Udde Man^fanait ^nstas and Qnpiter-Aided Testii^ 09-39 vQiL2 1987 11-15 ¥bv 1907 Flocenoe, Italy 

AM: Axtcmotive Aitcnu (1984), Qxydon, Suctey, England 3 mqL (104457746SZ) pp. ISO 947719 10 5 

Iteatmant: WtCHEtL 

DDanHit JVpe: QNSWE BtfOt 

QmSB; Ifae desire for inczeased cLBtaner satiLsfactLon, and thErefio c e OBtamer Ic^ty, has RMealei 
a need fix inpxMed diagnostiGS systans for detecting probLaiB affirriatHt with ml cmjiiiotts or based 
eLectxofiic ocntzoUfiES in autonoti^ afplicaticns* GEneral Mbtccs' ocnputeciaed autcnDtiMe 

264 



BHintemE ^ystan (GM^3»6) is a (tedoe that was dewOcpri to 

rsovloB Snidai ^th m euOi^X,^ BS^vice tcoL rtat aj^tkaOy x^, Js^^bi^ 

peewits Kpair P^wedures, autniatic^ retets^ rqpao^ aiB «^^ 

actioB. QMMB also proiddes the (fesiffia«inBErir«Qaniuiity with iniiHHat^^ 

So^ ^AAcm be ^yaed ari usai to inptwe the design, nmifiactute ari fi:vloe of nej 

SSS.^ ^ dism^tl* anMtecture of QW»B with re^t to its dwd£p«it 

S3Sd«. in&tatlcn strat^i^, fault i^>^ii^ f^ ^y^Jfl^f^^' a«irieerii« 

feBdta*, infiomatiai protocnL, secvioe tednicisn interfaoe and nxbte caiahdlitifis. 



Descdptccs: 



IdoitifieEs: 



MKINE9KNCE BGINESOSG 



^jnolBIlIS; HIEIKME HGDHRDG aJfUEttC; FAIIIIE /MOSB; 



OOTRM MTOBS- mmn: TEEING; FAHIBE I9DL«EKN; Bar /NftLBB; nHOBSEKS SBIDB; 
E^rS^ ^bSt ffllKBDffilES; MiefNKEKN SIP«IH3K; HGIMERttG mom, 

TmBvsnatmmjJA aiwicE manrnw inisbr!ce; ikkoe cftPABiLmEs 



OassCbdes: BBS2DB; BCttTOI; B721CB; BQieO; C74/0; C7490; 07410) 



BBfiOTOBOe, €86057733; Expert nalntHWoe diagpostic ^ysten fer the 1^-15 flight caitrol systan 
Ihviscn,J.; AUstadt, M.A.; Bell, ILA.; mttnar, CJ.; Hofeatn, L.G.; Zsnpi, MJ. 



17S36S3 
Sjpcnscr: 

Rtt: 
TtoeatmEnt: 



IEEE; PkD(«Bdii«3 of the IEEE 1986 fetioHl itojspace and ElBctraiics GDT&raioe, I^^ (C^t. 

Nb.a6(a!3CI7-7) 1335-« vol.4 1986 19-23 Hsy 1986 E^rtai, CB, IBA 

I^ Ne^ Yoric, IB&4VDL. 1399 pp. U. S. (ipyri^t Ofiaiance OEnte: Qxte: (B47-3578/86AXXX) 

-1335601.00 

HUCnOVL 



DxunEntjype: (UfHOlE EftESl 



Descrlptocs: 



Idatitifias: 



HOIffl; The dwdcpiHit of a prototsTpe eqpert ^tm for the W5 fi:#it co^ 

diWlc I«ob4« is rqnrtai. Eh^iBsis is oi the «tertari sttucture of te 

SeSaisdcs of the devdcpiHit eFrtroiHit and usee interface. T*» P=I«?^ '^ «J!^g^ 

aHOlcatlm is to nahB aU «perts' kiw]e*p of the fW c^ 

te fbrfit line tedniciai, axi ly this n«B iBpwe the tediddai's effittti^a« a^ 

J^fioSS. ^iSaTisolatS failures belc tl« ^"placeablaurdt O^J^' J^ 

Su«lte tespoBihle fer a sigiificait ftacticn of flijjhtOTtni^tai^ 

opecatiaBl le«3^hidi ace lata detamlnBd to retest day (RTOQ at the in^^ 2?iS^ 

jSxXiai of the RECK ate is a urique ontributicn of this systan, resulting bm the Aarpa: 

diaffBstic pcooedixes it can erincbr* 

MOBBta QMUUR aMML; MCfflflCE aMUniG; AHCBBflCE TBT EfldLIIIES; EHTO SBIDB? 

mosta cMunR aMrau f-15 Fucar ombdl ssshm; mmm bhrt sbum; MftMHiME 

ODOiXnC; niEBASE; USRINIEBEACE 



ca^GbdBs: BTCaO? BOlflOj 87620? 07460; ca360L; C7420 



1713486 

SpOPBOCt 

RixL: 
TaeXamti 



086040386; ptactical oaii«t» aided BHintwanoB vjsii« the knwla*p and diso^^ Jack, 

W. 

m; lEECUloquimm'PfflcticaltbiiutarAidBiJfelntBms' (D^ 
Ediiluq^ Scotland 

IS, lodcn, England 18 pp. 

iBtcnctL 

265 



DaoflBitl^: CDCEBBCB BAEHl 



ENGLES; Ihe role of the maintenenoe dqmUMi t, and their goals are outlinad. ftMsver, reality 
tands to di f fi er fixm theoEy and these pcoblans ace ctisrifaged ly the authocs* He outlines the 
potHitial advaitEiges of oonpiterizijig msintHiaiQe pcooeduces aid describes criteria for tie selecticn 
of such systBiB. 

O^scrlptocs: MKINOraNCB ENStCEEONS 

Identifies: OMUIER AIIED MKDQENANCB; »ffiNIEN»CE EBPiSaMENT; KONamiE HOHXICS 

Class Gades: C7160; C74I0 



1670611 



CS6Q29833; 
Beale, G.; 
1986 



BuUdb^ €9qpert systens fior repair dGREdns IfafiiBniy M.; Qndedes, J.; Bbume, J.; 
BcodeEsai, A. HT Aetria, Wema, Ajstda; Bqaert ^?st. (G8) vd1.3, no.l 4-12 Jto. 



OXEN: 
IS9I: 



0066^720 



Iteatroent: HVdDCAL 

CbajicntJVpe: JXRiO. WSER 

la^gjages: ENUS (13 Befs); Ihe paper describes a ocnoEptual feaneuodc for building eqsert siystens in repair 
dcmEdns. A specific csaiple of the use of tlds &anewQdc in buildijig an eqsert systen for a f i eld 
service repair problem is givau Ihe eKanpfLe system is designed to assist field serrloe tednicias 
in tra±iLe^x)otiiis aid repeiriis eLectrcnic systens at the board level. Hiis systan, a Field Ssvioe 
Aivisor (Fielffaprve), is designed to diagnose single or nuLtlple defects in electrcnic ^ystenst to 
^dde a tednldan throgg^ appcopriate repair pcooeduDes, to vecify diagnoses and nadter repair 
effiBctLveness aid to msdntain reoocds for sdbsequant evaluatlczi aid quality ccntrol. 

Descriptocs: OlfUIER MKINIENINE; E9SEET SXSID6; SISSBE XffHSIS 

IdoxtifieEs: EUBCUCNIC STSIBS BEBKIR; ISBCT DMNEES; EXESRT SESIB6; FEEMIR 0CIKIN5; ONSIIKL FBA^fMIK; 
EBBL D aE RKKE BQHIRHIHBl; FIHD StHKE IHHOCMG; mXELEEffiOEIN:; FIEID SKKE ADUiaR; 
EEEUEEBUE; QUttZIY ONBOL 

(3assJ2xfes: OSUO; C7430; GQSHQD 

1593032 C8eQlCf723; BcperlaioBS in oaqputecizing plait ncdntaiaics (ooUiay pilait) Mdis, J. Hin. Ibdnol. 

(GB) Mal.67, no,778 267-9, 271-3 Ajg. 1S85 



aXB4: 


ttrnB? 


isai: 


0026-5276 


ItoealnEnt: 


apoc 


Doaaent 


IVpe: JOIRKLBAEER 



masaSi nds peper \as vidttm \dth the d^eet of esqilainins hw edsdi^ mdntaBiae pcooeduces 
hewe beocae moce efficient vltii the aid of tiie ccnputer. It ia hoped tet it vill ocntxifaute a 
siffdficant pact in vMrg the ^slneas' zoile, both mBcheniGal axl electrical, within the coiUiay 
aanesanait's objective ncce efficient by ceducins the amnt of douitine due to bceeMatBt ^Mle 
ndntainins ecfuipiBit in a safe ccnditlcn. The peper is sutMiivided into six Bsin cat^ocia: (1) 
egqOafBtion of tis failit^ of the nauQ. FIM schene, (2) introdbctlcn to tie facets of dHf (3) 
pcqBEatoy wdc for irputtdi^ data into the cai{uter, (4) qaatins the aases's sdne widi the 
ocniuter, (5) pcobLaiB encouiteced with operaticn of pdJot Off, (6) fiittxe iofXDVQiBits ad sunaiy of 
OH. 

266 



Efescriptoes: iraBDOAL OOMEUIHl OMSCL; MflNEWNS BOMBRDC; MINDC 

Idmtiflecs: ODMEUIHaZING HiWT MMMBWIE; MflNHNMlE HDCHIIES; OULIHDr M»eGa©ff'S; 

Class Cbctes: C7420; C33lJCE; CTieO 



DONEDC; 



150B409 €85038319, E85002131; Managii^ naintenaaae Sdneddemai, M. (Sn. Ctntrols & Instmiu (Canada) 

vdL.24, ix).3 eO-9 sipL. Viay 1965 



CHEN: 



casus lS3i: CXXB-3283 



TbeatHEnt: GQCBAU ^BIIB/ 

DDaiTEntJVpe: XIRKL EftPER 

la^uEges: EN3ISH; Ai integcatBd approach to maintaBnoe, both in selecting softvore progtans aid u tiHgrfn g 
than en tte dx3p floar, makes fiac better oaraudcaticns axi, most inportantly, keeps plait dcwitimB to 
a mininun. Ctmaiies tewe b^jn to realiae that a s^ystanatic integrated approach to neintenaice aid 
its M^jbUHit cai go a laig ysf towards wekirg ocntributlcns in tenns of: anoother, note cxntroUfid 
dfey-ttMfcy operations; better ari nnre ttady infamatiai fior dadsion nsking; aid increased net 
profit. Tbd^, a systenatic, integrated approach to mainterance ocnsists of five najoc elflieits: 
oorporate attitixte; ahiinisttative prooadures; maintaBnoe prooadures; oaipxtEr softvare; aid 
naintaaioe ocnputa:. A reagonahle balaicfi ancpg ti^se five elanaits jpes a Icng wy txrards aiairirs 
the fmbctivity ari ptofitahility of a irmifacturii^ operation. Ai integrated approadi will not, ly 
itself, elinriiBtB all ^^g fixm irate oustaners ocnplainiis about late deliveries or defective 
products. It (sn, towever, greatly reducae tiie frequency of late deliveries that are dje to 
breekdowra. It csn also ndniinize the production of defective products attributable to the inpxper 
fmctLcning of nenjfacturiiig equipnEnt. 



Descriptors: MmOB^I^IE EKINERDG; MMEKHIFE 

Idaitifiers: MHIfflBD AHKWB; SOP FlflCR; OMlNIDfllllB; 
/QONISIRffllVE HOCmBES; MfflOENKE mXHIEES; 



HiWr DOWNEDC; 
GGMEUIER SGFIWRE; 



CCRPCMIE AmSlE; 
F^ONIEmiZ OCmJIER; 



C3ass03de5: C7160; 12070 



1401285 
Sjpcnsor: 

RM: 



B85ai46?0, (35010571; A teil-held nawiachine intecfiacae using an elfictrQluninesoEnt natrix displ^ 
DSLDGRN, E.S. TBCAS II6IIW. TtC, I»IIAS, IX, lEA 

SID 1984 SID INIHNmiI»L SMCBEM. DKEST CF THHIICSL BAHSS 186^ 1984; 5-7 JUC 1984 SflN 

mnasDj ck, USA 

MISflES DBT. BES. aFWKES, tEl OTK, USA; 404 pp. U- S. Cbpyrigjit daaraBe Oaiter Gode: 
0097-G966X/84AXXX)-lfl6-$1.0Of.00 



D^eatneit: WtCnOL 
DDomentJVpe: O0MQ(QCB BAfER 



HCLCa (3 Itefs); Ptesantaticn of maintenaBB infiocnatiai to a military fieM tedidciai is gengaPy 
in ti£ focm of pt p r nenuals. Desired infiaciBticn nust be ectracted ty paging thrcM^ tte proceciires, 
sdBiBtiGS ad other d^ta ontainad in tiiose neajals. Ihe Job {^rfocnanoe Aid (JEA) is a ocncept for 
presaitb^ infodnatiai via grafMcs and a ocntroUad vxabulary to enhence ccnpcEhoisiai. Dcanatic 
leductlds in maintenance eEiors ail repair tfaes hewe beai dannstrated, but a ccess of the ccncept 
is limited ly its depaiknoe on the paper meditin. Ihe AiitaiBted ^tdntenERB Infioanatiai S^^stan (MBS) 
is ai int^rated ccnoept for automating the devekpnait and delivesy of JBAS. An intocactLve 
aitfaociic systen is used to develop the JBfS, axl a portable, nsgadiaad deliveiy systan is used to 
prasant tiian to the user. Ihe dell^«y systan is discussed. 

267 



DEScriptecs! rua BOB. DESnAZS; BLEdBOUllIICSCENr DCSEIASS; OHUEER StAFHEC HXIIBBir; Mnnw y HUBflir: 
MnXEHQT CnfUmG; mN4«CEI^E SS3XMS 

Idoidfiast H niKBr HCUIHBff; MHIBRr (OWmG; FIAT BML DISFLAr; fflN>-raD JMWSflJDE MHIME; 
HUBCaBDUMMOTff HfimX DESEWy; JB EEBFOWME AID; GRAfflHS; ONSCUm WXaHMBT; 
M HNIBNa NCE HHBS; FEEUR IDES; MCMOm MfflaS«NZ ITFIMKEECN SISIBl; MS; SOHMinVE 
AUORIIG SSSIEM; EUGGECHm) IHIVEPY S2SIEM 

aass_Gbdes: BTZIO^ B7260; 84260; CS5^; C7150 



1381439 

OJItk 
TtoatHEnt: 



C8SCD7337; jama- SXSQM RR EHESEL HBdRIC IUCMDEI^ REPAIR BNSaOSE, P.P.; JDHODN, H.E., JR. 
OCBP. BES. i!H)IB^., GEN. ElBCIR. CD. , aHMCEHJif , Mf, ISA HM. SXST. )«ms. flCIffiMiB) 
VCL.4, M).4 255^ iOUW 1984 

EWUISai! 0167-2533 U. S. Cbjyrijjit OfiEaHioe Cmta: Cbde: Q167-2533/84/S3.00 

mcnctL 



ObGUBEnt Type: XUNU^EAEBl 



BCLEEH (15Be£s); Gaiecal Eaectric Cbifa^s Qxpciiate teseeondi ad dewe^^ &pBct 

qistm tBdnakg/ to the pcoblan of ttoublediootiiig and the repair of diesel electric IooaiDti^«s in 
caUtCBd 'luninsieiBir shops'. Ihe esqiert systen uses pcoductiGn rules ad an infaaxs o^ine tiat 
cai di£0xse milriple pccUans with the loocnotive ad can suggest oepedr pcooBdutes to madntaaioe 
pecsamel. A pcototype ;^tem has beai inpleoEnted in fiarth, tuidiis en a digital equipnoit ECP 11/23 
iider RSS-UM. this ^ysten contains approdmtteily 530 rules (roi^ 330 rules fior tte 
trcuUedxntixs system, and 2CD niles fior the help systan), pandaDy rcpresaitiiig tis laxule^ of a 
senicr field service enginaa:. The infiecoxs engine uses a ndxedHnxfe oonfigMraticn, capUe OE 
rarairg in eitha: the fionacd or hadaard mode. The help systm can provide tfK opaator with 
assistance ly diqikyiDg textual inforaation, GflD diagrans or repair s eq u enues bm a video didc Tte 
rules azs written in a rcpresaitaticn language ocnsistii^ of nine predicate fiunctios, ei^t ^ots, 
ad five utility finctias. The first field prototype expert systan, desiffated QOS-l 
(GcDiuter-Aided IteubleEhnting S^fstoWasicn 1), ws deliT«ed in July 19S3 ad is ounaitly uds 
field evaluatiau 

Descr^Mncs: UttUU' SISQMS; HAINIEN!SNS SGDCERUCI; WESL-EISSBIC UXDUnHES 



IdoitifieEs: mESL QfiClBIC UXXMjrrm; ESOfl SISQM; TBOHEaXiniG; WStJB; FUNDC BS^OR SBDFS: 
HOXmCN HIES; ECEFEKZ QGDC; Waummzmsom^ FOEOB; nnmrrar. HryiiT MMr gp 11/23: 
BIPSISIQl; GKIS-1; COfUOR-AIEED IBaHEaDaniC SSIB1 

Class Gbdes: C7440; C7410 



1339096 

isak 

Ikeatmsit: 



BB40Ba86, C840437S3; CSIA: A COfUOR^aiZD lEST /NUXSES SZSI&l HEMS, C; FMIHBW P-; 
SHIlflQCSt, E.P.; MECffiL, 6. aBainS>N}SSIEMS LAB., QSS, SfflNT l«RnN IXmRES, IRttCB; mE 

US, ^roiEsr. amr. (usa) \il.i, nd.2 6B-79 r«nsB4 

G740-7475; U. S. Qoiyrie^ caearaioB OEnter Qade: 0740>747S/84AEOO -()O68$0i.OO 
HtACnCAL 



DxunentJVpe: XUNSLBAIQt 



BCUa <14Be&); Ihe 002^ ((biiutar-^idBd Test iinalysis) ^fstem telps opines ds^ 

tBstafaility, both in DBufiKturii^ and field nBintBHn situatlaB. 00% pnivids test ptmm 

^edficatias aitxnatically, ad supplies both the infixnatian paths thrac^ the sgstm ad a 

tqHton QE^nizatlon of test ptooedUEes. QOA coi be applied at vaOas levels of destxlptiai (fxm 

behBvicEal to registar tzasfier) ad in ^adcus test acntscts (e.g. boanl or systan productiai). ia 

a teailt, coginaets cai detamine the c^scted deB7» of di^^nsis resoduticn in tans of 

feult -ifnlatahle hankBte; thqr wiU aOso be guidol totanl the neoassaiy systan aodificatiaB. 

Saftwte pcDoakKes for GflA ate wcittm in BASCia. ad suRxrted by a \Ea U-7B0 00^^ 

268 



QEsaancES: cntuiHazB) oGnuBoyaxN; eaujuocaxecn 

BHJnPIHB: OMUIHWfflH) TSS£ tmSSiS SiSSSH; TESffiBimY; MAMFACHEIN;; EEEID MIONIHWCE; TEST IRX3WM 
SBSncmaSBi UIMGICSIS EEgaUHtN; FAUir-ISaAMaiE HHOKBE; BftSCftL; VAX U-7B0 COfWHl 

Class Gbdes: B7210B; C33aB; C74KD 



1221A78 



iS)-AL72 90Bi/2/3MB; >fen4fachine Jntscface (Incepts far an Advared Iht^giated tfedntaaice InfooiBtiai 
SistBB (Hral rejjt. Ifey SWfer 86) (haiznff , Andrew P. ; Bens, DehaC. ; Jtyce, Redd P.; Roth, 
implied ScdaBB Associates, Lie., Butler, EA. Cbrp. 



J. T. 



S[]UEoe_Gbde5: 006847000; 416572 

Spamar. Air Fbtoe Bum Iteouroes lab. , Btocks AFB, TX. ; Report No.: AHFL-TP-86-X Sep 86 11Q> 

la^uages: EhsUfhNHS 

ttloes: PC AK/WF ifllJbunBl Aranoanait: GROBTOe; C3cuitry_Qf_RiiLlcatiai: Uritai States 

Cbntractlb.: NSeOOl-fflJWXK; 2362; 00; The Air Faroe ftJHi Bescmfis lalxjiatoy is dewik^ tte 

IbintSHioe Infiomatiai Systan (MS). The purpose of this system is to ccrsolidate a^ «« ™ 
Marlous infoenHtiai systaiB used in Air Fbroe naintaiance into a sirgle set of haDthare, softtare, and 
pcotDools. Tte MS wLU increase productivity by reducing the amnt of trainiig "?^^ ^ 
tBdiridaB tobeaUetoacoass theMLsetof iiBintaHnQBdataardlynHldngawiderEanBeaf data 
readily avaiMile to each tediddai. This paper eqjlores the navnachinB interface retjdraiBnts of a 
systan such as DOS. 9/ ectrapolating current hardware ax! softiare trHids into the fijture, it 
riedlcts tie types of user-friariLy features diat viill probably be available vhen the MS is mlly 
inriflnmted. It catakss the Xyps of infonration that reed to be cmtainad in such a mainterBnce 
infioniBtim Sjystan. It outlii^ the relaticrdTips ain^f the indiviAal infooiaticnal elaiBits. It 
describes the (fata-proossii^ fixicticral requirHnaits that should be ptesait to ptooess infimnatocn m 
the systan. It describes display fomats for presaiting each class of data axi illustrates each 
foniBt. It dfflcribes tte ititasctl've capabilities that nust be inooporated to petndt the tednician 
to operate the systan easily ard effectively. 

mt( (XtBHSR imPPtOi SZSBMS EN3IBERIN3; *IW[IM«nCN SSSEB; IBJIIIOfNIS; MHSfflED 
SBIHB; niaiArSBIDB; RFWaS; ««IA MCESSnC; IHRIHCS; AIR POKE IWmDG; ^sMRtBAFT 

mmmmz 



Dsscriptacs* 



Identi£i£Es: 



MSOht^ratBd teinteaicB Ihf aaiHticn ^>s tan); H CPEnVEIY; MS SSSEM; TRAININ;; TNHWCnVE 
SISIS6; F«N mSINE S!SIB6; NHSXIXA; NIiaXIKF 



Sectim HeadiiiP 



88B (library aii MooBticn SdfinoBS Monation ^(stans); SSD (!Biaisdicsn!edr6k& aad Bjim 
Kctcrs B«iiBa±«-ajiHi Eactors aglrBering); 74E (Military Sdaices logistics, Military 
Facilities, and SiRilies) 



269 



No.: L3 Title: Text and Graphical Data Acquisition 



Operations Requirement ; 

Import and export of text and graphics requires that data formats be 
standardized. Eliminate hard copy transfer of text and data for information 
purposes and approvals. 

Rationale : 

The large volume of operations and support data is currently generated, 
maintained, and distributed in hard copy form and is highly labor intensive. 

Sample Concept : 

Text and graphics data imported and exported via MIL-STD-1840A. 

Technology Requirement ; 

Text and graphics standards: MIL-STD-1840A 

Technology References ; 
NASA/RECON: 86N17218, 84N24236 
DIALOG : 2037208 , 2027585 



270 



8S0.7218I ISSUS 7 EKE 1196 CBSOOS 82 
FPU: 11854)17637 S»lW5-12«ac (XIPSCSlS^l 
(Ml: IRJC0WQP-aJ789 85AXV(X) 77 EfiCES INlifi^^ 
UnL; Etoduct Ebta BrfHBB Stariatd (KES) 

Mjssi Mian, J. C 

OCBP: SariialbtlaHl labs., AlhxiiKEqiiB, N. Mek. INOLMJS 

SAP: K/CG/IP/aL 

OD: umiDSIfflES; Ptesmted at tte Ffedaal Oaiputa: OanferaxE, Vfedringtm, D^ 1985 

MUS: /*tfJia«fflaV ^<IMUimAniDM»«FiC^^ *II«TM«niWPEaRIEVAI/ *SIMMaZ«EKN 

ilBA: HE 



mto dweloD ai exdHWB staxbrd for product data In awort of indstrial aittnatiai, atid(2) to t^^^nt 

S^ .cddSntaKfard farthee^da^eofprcxtetdata^ Ar«.startta^ ^ 

^ tiHtroedstii«sta«fani(aibee«taxfedtosiJRxrtiidBtrMaut^ 

S^is^toS^gP«altlmprodu:tdBfiniticn<bta. ^^ ^j]^ *^ '=i^LSi*l!S^ ^ 
^ rf a crokjct; iim^tui±«, qiaUty assuraioe, testing, awort, etc. lAstrial predict are^ 



2™^ ^ S^ eKSSTs^xb^bworic within the HE Qxndttee includes medHiical, dectnc^. plait 
S^^aTiSe^^^ ™ ixteait liMtaticn in tte HE scx^ to tee ar=s, it ^^^t^^^^ 
Srf teTthese areas will be ain«rl« first to be aitassBd within HES. De«^^f f^!«*^ 
SS fe proSt (kta involves settlir« m a set of logical stnxturs to ccnteji tte pt^^ 
SSSicTariSS «ttlii« en tte nm«: in .Wdi these «*^^^ .^,^^^.^.^°:^.^.... 

8«04236» ISIB lA FWS 22D6 QOHIRr 61 KPHh AI>A139347 TfiHJ-m-U-a3 

QOf: l«339^-0<I)a ayi2A» 264 HGES IKl^^ 

Um^ Chiiuta: aided ]26«it of prooBduce infiimtim fix tiainii« ari 

n^P: Tednical Note 

MMt A/SttlA, C; B/BfflU, A. J. G. 

OFPtStateUilv. of Ifef York at BuffelD, Atest. CSS: (JDept. of li^tetrial B«in«±«0 AVftlUJEES 

SAP: VCaiMtOL 
(30: uinB)SEiaE5 

MMS: /-OOflDIR AIDED EESIQV ^COWHR (SAfflKS/ ^UMHIW 'WIMffly «IFISnC MffllB/ *yKUIS^ -EOS/ 
«iBAINnG EEKICES 

MD6: / (nvmS/ DMA HOBSDG^ HMN EOK HGIMHaNy DFRfflDIW/ lEAWDiy HRStNH. IIWQ£B®ny 
lOnaXffiB^ HOCHUE^ ISSS^ VISUAL AIDS 



iffi: Opoatiai a«i natatams tate for iwkm ndlltary ^ystoB oftm ind^ 

p£^£>a nBtbelfflnied«ithmperfcoBifiminBi«yvltiiti*hdpafs^ oaip:*aBi>« 



pDOCBduDes snd also as aids in pafuiinliTg pcocedLices* Ihds icjXE't descxibos an rffin't to lodLJoe the cost of 
pcodudx^ tBct-graphic papss thtoMg^ the use of ocnpitar routines* Ihe nain oonoeufi is autcoBtiiig the l^^out 
pnxBSS. A model wb dEMeloped to optimally deoc np os e a pcooadute into eHeneits, to logically divide the 
elflDEnts into sets that can be display en individual pagasy and to autcraatically fiocuBt tlie rectangLdar 
objects into pages. A heudstic was developed to hendOe dividii^g the pcoraiire into peges and the page 
foonatting pcocess. Ihe anaqgeraafit aid lagTCUt pcoblan of a sirigLe page is fiocnulated nBthenBtLcaUyt ard a 
heuristic prooeduEe based on a pairvise exdia^ mettrd \yQS d^^eiloped aid used to solve this problsiu Ihe 
CMBEall soluticn integrates these heuristics so as to ndndc an intplligent huiEn desigier for the splittix^ of 
ocnplEx pcooeduDes into page sized SEgnaits and the fonnattiis of these pBges* 



2Q3720B BBB000e94, (38007176 IEEE staifacd fior IcgHc droxit diagtans. Gaccected edlticn 

IssiBdJ^ Inst. Electr. & CLectmu Eog., Nev Todc, NT, US^ 1986 86 pp. 

Reportjb.: ^!NSI/IEEE Std 991-1986 

Ibeatment: WtCdCtL; 

DxufientJVP^ HbHKl' 

la^u^ges: ENGUS; /NSE/IEEE Std 91-1984 and ^INSE/IEEE Std 991-1966 pcovide netliods ty ^di 

tedixlciansy and servioe people can describe ad inksstaid the behavior ad inploiBfitatiGn of a IqgLc 
droilt. i^S£/IS^ Std 91-1984 pcovides a ^ley to describe a single Icgic fiictLcn with a sj^ntel, 
enabling usees to mdecstail the logic chacacteristics of these fincticns or dsvioes vithout recfudxiig 
ispedfir knovledlge of their intenal dHcacteristics. iHEi/ME Std 991-1986 deals with the selection 
of syfAxHSf the cepcesentaticn of camecticns anong thsn^ labeling and amotation that further dari^ 
d£ functian of a cirn.i1t» and metiiods ty \iiich a droiit diagram m^ be coocdinated with other fionns 
of product docunaitaticn. 

Dascriptors: UX3C CSiaillS; SQNlffiDS 

IdaitiLfiecs: /NSLOQE SID 91-1984; HSL/IMi SID 991-1986; lOSSC OKUIT; LOGIC FIKZKN; 
BEERESaaXEEN; aBOET IIAaMM; SOIXT DOCUENEKEIEN 

fHagQ Gbdes: H1265B; CS120 



saeis; 



2QS7SG5 

QOCBI: 
IS9I: 



BB7Gf760BSy CS?066574; G/sip 3/[ interoperafaiUty in thel^cifilc Fbfitaine, R.K*; Ibuers, E.L. Siffal 
(IBA) Mal.41, no.9 143, 1A5 f^ 1987 

SSttffi 

0037-4998 



IteatnEnt: GQERAL, ^WJEif 
DboinentJlVpe: JQUNALBAiEER 



EOJSt; lb acfada^ C/sup 3/1 intenpecafaility the US Brific CtmiEnd QnUned IhteEopeEafaility 
ftqgtan has been initiated. IMs amjji i njdat es both tie bit ociotted tactical digital infioDnation liiic 
and chacacter ociented ni'ff g T gi ^ text fcoiBt standacds. Ifae pcqgcaii also indudes oonfigucaticn 
of the doounentaticn standanls atxl testii^ of the sfysteoB that hewe ioplanEnted tiie 



Dascri p tO KS ! OOMKN) i!N) QCNmCL SESIEM5; MUZCHOT SBIQ6; SIttDKB; IHSOMNDinEN SZSIE^6 

Identlfiecs: SBIB6 lESEDG; (VSUP 3/1 INIBOHMiBniZIY; HOFDC; BET OOENEED TKHCAL CDCHSL INROFHKnill 
LDK; CHfSCIK (SraOB) leSSAGE IBET RRiKT; ONlOBAnCN mwaoir; DOCUBOXniN SCHOHS 

Class Cbdas: B6Z10; C71S) 



272 



„o. L4 Title: Automatic Test Requirements Verification 



Operations Requirement ; 

Test requirements verification must be automatically correlated with the 
completion of the associated procedures. 

Rationale ; 

Current manual method is inefficient, inadequate, and error prone. 

Sample Concept ; 

1^ each task is completed, without error, or retest accomplished, all 
associated test requirements are automatically ver ified. 

Technology Requirement ; 

Distributed data processing, networking, computer/data connectivity. 

Technology References ; 

NASA/RECON; 85N30000, 85A33722, 84N33290, 84A26738, 82N23042 

See also L2. 



773 



aaaXXX)^^ ISSK 19 EMGE 3226 QOHnV 18 

BERh NftSMR-lTlSD NftS L26:171513 Z-41D.l-^4-175-WIr2 

QB»x NASB-3SQB1 84/12/20 2 \a£ 134 TXXS IKIASSIFIED DOCUfiir 

UnL: Sjpaoe stat±zi autenatian stud/^sateUite sescvidr^y volune 2 

TLS*: Final Report, Jin* - Nov. 1984 

iWH: A/ieCSSDCHl, H. F. 

(JFPiTOISpBCBTSedxtikgfls^ A\KILJQIS 

SAP: mMJIATPOl 

CEO: INEIH) -^^ynsR 

MD6: / ^KHFECIAL 'B^nKUnEtJX/ HESSECN fUNlDC/ (SETT MATGUHSON; EtGDC (SMX SITIIE)/ IHBIXCGSr T TrnTTtfnm 

tBt^ J.V.G. 

/BS: Tadnokg/ requiranents for autcDBted sateUite servidi^ qBratioTS aboani the NASA <p»rp sitatiai moob 
studied. Ihe three nBJor tasks addressed: (1) secvidrs tequiieDcnts (satBLUte and ^ pye statioi elenaits) 
and the role of ajtcmaticn; (2) assessnait of autanatiGn tednoikey; and (3) ocnoeptual design of sescvidi^ 
fiadHtrlffs oi the space statdoi. It is fiouid that nary sBcvichig fiicticns doud bafiefit fcan autonaticn 
support; and die csertain research and developnait activities en autonaticn tedrokgies fior servicii^ should 
start as soon as possiUe. Also, scne advaioed autonaticn devekpcnts for ocfaital secvicirs oould be 
effectlMely applied to U.S. industrial graixi based qscatiGns. 

8^^33722 ISSUE 15 BKZ 21A0 C3aHnQr 16 RFI»: Sffi BISHl 84096B 84/07/00 14 EMXS UOASSIEim I^^ 

UHL: ElA operaticns - Ihoeptioi, vedfLcaticn and pDcgcam inpiLanoitatiafi 

^UH: A/KDG, K. R. BAA: A/(lUtedllBcind£gie8 Qxp., Ondltcn S^^ 

CD)! IMEIED SCKCES; AEAA, SAE, ifiC, AEOf, and ^91^ Xhtersodety Q aifiateiue en Bwinniaital Sjystens, 14th, Sbn 
DLqSO, G^ Ady 16-19, 1SB4. lA p. 

HUS: /^BOBAVfflini/ R tCEM U/ ^MN MKEDC SBIBE/ '■tOSSiai EAimE/ ^OBEM. SERUIOKV ^^SBfCE mtUBmS/ 
^■SACB ?^»i"R MESSECNS 

MIN5: / asT mnsES/ BJtm FAdORS Emmass/ 3Sf(z wmcnwr snagnns/ ssmiwFr eesdgn 

tBtiX L.T. 

^05: Ihe banfits of a more extensile use of cxtramhiailar activity (BA) as a pHamed ndssiai objective and of the 
mautlMj to a noce eEElciarit utilizatim of uridand and Qox^^ (X^ectiva ani 

perfioamoBs of previous EiiAs ate sunnariaBd, and the hunen vs machine p t efe rai^ e for a givm ndssdm is 
anQyaBd. MorecMer, appcoaches, facilities, and pcooedbtes associated with EOi similatiai ace discussed; 
fluid transfio: devices, 1-G similatim techiic|JBS, and am tiainii^ are considered. It is pointed out ttat 
effldmt inplsnaitaticii of tHk desigi and pcooeduces ^lOild require the incaorpccation of the desi^i far trHT ? 
focD the start of the satellite pcogEan. 

84032901 ISSUB 22 BKE 3674 QOBIXDr 82 RFFIN /I>A1A3438 AEn:.ISatH66-83 84/QL^ 72 I^ 
UnL: ki e«lLBtiafi of tio reUafaility and nEdntaliBfaility infiDdnation systans 

274 



T1& H.S.lhesis 

MBx A/BOCX, L. K. 

OEP: Air Fbroe Iret. of Tbdi. , Wd^t-ftitteEScn AFB, CWo. CSS: (School of ^^steis and lJ«isti<sO AVAILNEIS 

SAP: SADVHPAQL 
CID: INEIBD SBOES 
mJSi /^iXEk BASES/ ^CBaSKN mW^ *3NFCH«a3IN FEKEEVAI/ ^JftONIMeBIlIH/ ^MMWafNT DKFMfflHN SXSmC/ 

MOB: / mtD FCKES (IMTIH) SDflES)/ rrMP mrmTTY / DSIA HO ESSIKy E imKEKN / MflNfiGMNT IHHIS^ CUmiiy 
HRF1M**CE TESIS^ FEAL TttE (IHRfflE^ SSSIH! EFEBCmeESS 

ABA: ^thor ((SA) 

fES: Air Rxoe nHBgos requiie aiequatE and timely infiaoaticn in otder to make effiective dedsiois ne^nHrs 
reliability aii nBdntaiiribUlty (RSM) issues. SInoe 1980, at least two Air Rroe ocjpnizatiais hewe ccntracted 
for additiaBl oonpute' dfeita base systans to iqprove tlBir RSM data requlranEnts. These data base q^stens 
provide raal-ti m ncdntaxnoe snd opgatiofal data on caertain ysapcns systems. This study analyzed the oitpit 
daracteristics of these rm data base siystans to detenntae if thy did provide iii|»OMad infioenaticn aid 
canHriscn with te stsnbrd Air Raoce naintHienoB and opecatlcnal data reports. It wb Acmi th at tfe two nar 
(fata base systeiB did provide na^ timely RSM data ^irich resulted in infioraatlcn that allcwed for effective aid 
effideit na^gadal dedsim nBidi«. However, all te timely infiaonaticn awaUahle for menaeprial decisions 
will be hindeied ixitil data irpit ecrocs are reduced. 

a4A26738 ISaE 11 EKE 1500 OSSHS 4 83/CIVa) 8 EftGES IM1ASSIEIH3 DOOffNT 

UnL: IWliziig basic KMA ce^ribilities to inpxwe missiGn availability and reduce pilot wridoad — Iht^gtated 
Qjnanicatlcn, tbvi^tlan, IdEntiflcation Modes 

UMi A/MM), F. W. 

IftA: A/(irr, irr Aviodcs mv., Hitly, HI) 

CEO: INEEED SEKIES 

IN: Digital Aviodcs Si/stBm Qnfaatt, 5th, Seattle, Ufc, October 31-»Maiber 3, 1983, Ptoceedir^ (A8W6701 
11-06). New %dt, IiBtitute of ELectrlcal aii Electrcnics BgiiBeB, 1S83, p. 9.5.1-9.5.8. 

NUS: /^4JBCStFI HXIOMENiy MVENES/ GRADED HJIIRCNr 

MOB: / (mmSU OMUEOaD SMIAEHIV 007 EROCEUIGS (MUEBOO/ MMMHWIE/ MESSKN IWMOIC/ RADED 

mmxnw 
tela Jji. 

ABS: ki ow viev of eonfOes fran an Iht^cated QsnuiiGatiai Navigation likntifiGatiGn ^ndcnics (XMA) ocnfuter 
siliiilatian pccgcan is ised to describe the bmeEits resultiig fag the use of pcggraanaMe ™°4ilfi5 in*e 
IMA, a H^ily digital, Wjjily integrated, aiiboroe QfL radio system. In the presmt desdgi, eibedded 
ndcnDptooffisors control the real-time charactEristics of parallel real-timfr iaqiiaHiHiile moAilfis and also 
control the intexxiiBCtiis paths betweai moduLas. HepcesBntative TENTA missicn planning infoDnatlai is 
presoited, ix£ludii« a list of misskn phases £x a strike missicn and a list of (M slgrials fir in-flis^ 
refiuelii^. Also ocreidered are pce-flijjit checkout, in|BCt of slnuflatBd failures en missifln, pilot ovexide 
ad tie bunpiic of AJ voice, ad post-flie^t nEdntoisnoe. 

8aC3042» ISSK 13 EVffi lfl73 OOHIEr 81 RPI»: raM2-25 -2DB399 82/01/13 43 BfiGES lNlAbtiiJ?mi DOOlBir 
UEIL: Mission itsn essoitiality: An inportant iiHmjbflm t tool fir makiic more infirmed kgistics dedsicns 



nSP: Reprt to the Seczetary of Defense 
OBP: QEsaExaL tccaxitire QEfioe, \fa^ili«:tait D.C. 
SAP; Avail: SCO 
CED: INEIED SERIES 

wjst /KUDNV ^ransKN muic/ ^awEEHfiff HOOFBfNiy *ii«ENincr vmcEma/ nrasncs/ mjummz/ 

HIN: OXIDINKCDCN/ (XERAEKIG BB^SCH/ HOIBCT WmSBUT/ SISCBE HffillSES/ SBIB6 WSSSSEONi 
iBkt ILJ.F. 

SSi Hissdoi item essentiality, te nsens to ;ihidi tie essentiality of individual itans is lilted to ndssdoi 
essaitiality to the end-item is discussed. It ofEecs potential as a nenagEncnt tool for the secvioas in wekirg 
Icgistics dadsiais oonosoiiiis iec(jirBiBits deteodnation, resoucoe allocatiany and repair priorities. Ihe 
nppim iMit of Defiense developed a OGnoept gudde for use ly tie servioes. HoMevo:, the department has allcKi«l 
the secvloBs to pcooeed at their oun pace and appooach the natter haa diffienent areas; it wb anduded the 
depsrtmEnt should leciuixe the sendees to foUov ttie ooncept gqide and establish milestcnss fix aoocnpIi^hipK 
jde^spectQc tasks set forth in the guide. Ihe Air Fbroe is ahead of the other setvLoes in deMelopdrc a 



ocnoeptuaUy sotnl essentiality oodinE systan, but ran into pcobLems in inplanaitixs the systeiu (hoe the Air 
Rx^oe inpilaiEntatlcii pcohlaiB have been solved, it is aiqgUBd that the system will gceatly benefit the Air Bxoe 
in its logistics decision nckiis prooess. 



276 



Ho>: L5 Title : Final Stage Assembly at Launch Site 

Operations Requireient ; 

Perform initial stage assembly at manufacturing facility near Launch Center. 

Perform all stage assembly, refurbishment and T&C/O in one lov-bay building at 
the launch center; including horizontal installation of autonomous payload. 

Rationale ; 

Simplifies transportation from manufacturing facilities to Launch Center. 

Simplifies and minimizes assembly and T&C/O facilities. Eliminates a separate 
high-bay vehicle assembly building and large overhead lift-to-mate GSE. 

More efficient use of personnel who can be cross-utilized for assembly and for 
checkout. Proximity of manufacturing facility to Launch Center further enables 
cross-utilization. 

Sample Concept ; 

Reduce launch support facilities to three major categories; 

1. Stage processing, T&C/O 

2. Payload preparation 

3. Launcher/ pad 

Technology Requireaient : 

None. 

Technology References : 

This document 



277 



No: Title: 



L6 Horizontal Processing: Horizontal Transport 
L7 Horizontal Transport of Individual Stages to Pad 
L9 Erect/Mate Stages at Pad 



The following is an exercise designed to quantify the reduction in 
shuttle-equivalent KSC headcount made possible by a dramatically simplified, 
innovative ground processing scenario. SLSOCs L6, 7, and 9 are presented 
individually with their proposed operations requirements, rationale, sample 
concept, technology requirements, and conclusions. They are directly related 
and interdependent. 

The exercise is concluded with an integrated approach to quantify the potential 
headcount reduction by elimination of: 

o Mobile Launcher Platforms (MLP) 

o Crawler Transporters (C/T) 

o VAB high-lift/rotation/stacking scenario 

Headcount compensation estimated for smaller, simpler mobile transfer and stage 
erection techniques is added. Autonomous flight stages and separately 
autonomous payload "cargo canisters" are keystone to the entire SLSOC in 
general, and this exercise in particular. Advantages of the concept are, of 
course, capped and further enhanced by the "barren pad" attributes of SLSOC Item 
No. L8. 

See L9 "Conclusions" for quantified potential headcount reductions resulting 
from theoretical application of criteria L6, L7, and L9. 



278 



No: L6 



Title; Horizontal Processing; Horizontal Transport 



Operations Requireaent ! 

Provide combination of flight vehicle design, inter-related ground processing 
requirements, and support facilities resulting in the simplest, least costly 
repetitive launch cycle. Horizontal mode proposed by this study. 

GROUND PROCESSING MODE COMPARISON 



Rationale 



TtanspcrtatiGn 



Hanilix^ 



Bollout 



GpEEational Accaess 
(vehicle) 



ndlLtles 



VERTICAL 



oaqiLex transporter and 
self-leveling pilatfoomi 
• gEoatesT clfiacaice roqLdxBnaits 



cequires cKteisive use of hoists/ 
cranes/sliqgs srA stxan^sdxs 

' vehicle nust provide nuLtipucpose 
attach paints for eLaiHit rotaticn 

. fli^t v*iclffl ••in the air" durii« 
rotation, lift, & nate. penduliin 
effect creates tedicus & hazso^ckus 
operaticxis* 



L V integration 



- ocnpLac nate/denate operatiois 



. viMde stadced en lanch pHatfom 
\hich oust be nphUe and self- 
leveling 



HORIZONTAL 



+ stcap-oi ^heelad dolly or integral 
iffiftir^gpir for recxMerahles 



-¥ indivlduBl elencnt rotaticn 
not recidred prior to integration 
at pad 

4* concept utilises mobile ccane 
with power-^loun ocntrols for 
rotaticn (sinpHfifli capital 
ecjulpnent inuestmait afid & M 

+ fli#it vehicLBB aluevs in contact 
with ground uitil landi 



+ stage nesting or parallpl nate 
reckcBS hendlingi sinpHfied 
mate/dEnate 

+ rollout on gear or dollies 
- requires L V erector ssysten 
at pad 



OPF: 
•f sane as hociacntal 

FOSrOPP: 
. cdrajnEeraitial aprp«g * pn^/ides 

dindni^had oontiiuaus vehicle 
* ii cr eases logistical teapci wR 

of elevatocs or hoists/czaies 
-inoeasBS tediddas response tine 

- recjudres ntdriple entry access kits 
(vat., horiz.) (naixfactured horizO 

- greater luriber of iBzardous area" 
dfiBos due to cMeriiead hoisting 



POST OPF : 



+ lor^tudinal aooess - siiBtential 

CGRtiiuous vehicle aoQBSs 
•f decxeases logistical leepo n s e 
■¥ i na ea s e s opecaticns efficLaxy 
* udqje >«hicLe aooess kits 

rec|Ldxed 
+ andudve to jy^^^^^ operations 



. rec|Ldres tall structises vith 

adaqiHte ny to bEpr deac ames 
• recfuirBS oonplsc aooess platfoons 

(ectcnd/retract type) 
.inxeossO&M 
. requires oultiple vEhdcle 

relocatkns: receipt, c/o 

and standard integratim 
- requires craKLeiwy or eqdv 



-f faarxcn pad; caUifiitivifaic < 

gpoatly niniffliaBd 
-¥ synergistic to pcoducticn plait 
layout & aniHrwrifn 
(ocsBcn handling equip.) 

Lsfaer of vehicle notiaB 
O&M 



-¥ no separate vehLde integra t ion 

facility OHB) needed 
-requixes pett^ roaduey 



279 



L6 (Continued) 

VERTICAL HORIZONTAL 



-f cafekiB of hendlins vertical 

peyloads -* camot hEncfle vEactlcal 

+ SES ncn-OCD P/L's thru SIS-33 pe^loads 

yam 80 teciacntal -i* saHysis of mvAD SES R/L's to- 

106 VQTtiGal date si»s the horiacntaL^^ertLcal 

+ M^ ocbit ?AJs save ditical atio could hsra been 149/37 fior 

Lpi £fr t vith MertlcBl poocessirg US instead of the 80/106 

actual fx SES 
+ better peyload access - hic^ ocfait P/L's require 

inxMath^ horizcntsl support 
+ SE6S gromkule 6-6, "fior nev 
sjystanSy assune no peyload change- 
out at the pad." 



CONCLaSIONS: o Horizontal vehicle processing is aore efficient 

o Stages moat be self transporting (integral 
landing gear) or utilize strap on dollies 

Saaple Concept ; 

Horizontal T5C/0 processing concept requires the following full-cycle ground 
operations description to demonstrate viability. 

GROOHD PROCESSIHG SEQUENCE 

1. Flyback: — booster lands at post-launch post-mission intervals at the SLF 
or equal. 

2. Flyback: ~ Stages safed and towed on Integral landing gear to 
deservlce/ refurbish/ launch preparation. Facilities (OFF or equal). 

3. Stages assembled/serviced and prepared for launch. 

4. Autonomous pay load canister/cocoon/pallet Installed in orblter in 
horizontal attitude in same facility by overhead crane (OFF or equal). 

54 Stages towed in horizontal attitude on integral landing gear or wheeled 
dollies to launch pad and rotated to vertical about the aft wheels onto 
lift-off-style aft umbilical Q/D carriers, using specially selected mobile 
crane having power-down hook and boom systems, and horizontal 
vehicle-restraint wire rope system. Stages attached slde-by-slde. Any 
technician access via special mobile access manlift. Stage max. length 
limited by mobile crane boom-length/ load radius capability. 180-ft. 
maximum stage length considered feasible state-of-art with existing KSC 
equipment. 

6. Launch 

Technology Requirement ; 

1. Development of moderate-size stages with Integral landing gear. 

2. Radically simplifiedt autonomous (self-test/evaluation; self-contained 
electrical power) stages. 

3. Radically simplied, "barren pad". 

4. Acceptance/development of mobile crane usage for flight hardware based on 
highly satisfactory operational history at KSC. 

Technology References : 

NASA/RECON (abstracts attached): 86X76652, 85N16967, 85N16927, 85N12001, 

85A13163, 85A12988, 84X74531, 84N75063, 84A44153, 83X71371, 
83A31196, 81A26524, 80X72115 

280 



9soeBZciasBasiU9SAJ?/vs5ttcES\iuj£smmnsajw£}E(DJMSx^ 

OEP- Joint Rjhllcatiais Bseardi Secvioe, Arlii^tm, Vk. IK: 00 ]h Its IBSl Bqport: *ace. Sdected Artides 
iSaSSSS^Cba-ra^^ (JIBS4BP-lw»64.) 5p (aE]B6-76650 2^12) 

OD: U.S.S^ TtaBl. into ENUffl fran the bock ""Kbaiaiavtika: Ehtsiklopediya" Moscw, IBS, Stwetdcsa 
Bitsdklcpedi^fa, 1965 

»wss/<aaN)sifflinB/^aaN)SJRErsssiBB/*sfflmziE(Hiro stCEmam 

83n£S6m BSffi 8 Bffi Uffi QaHHff 16 85A)1/O0 15 EflGES INIASSinHD nXUfNT 

UnL: MBtteiitaL fimtures of the shittle rotating sovlce structure 

MBi AAHMP, J. M. 

OFF: I^mlds, adth 2nd ffiUs, JacksawilLe, Ha. AVAH-NEB 

SftP: b: A23/W Ad; IhNftSA. Jdreon Space Caiter Space Siattlfi Tfech. Qxif., Pt. 2 p 920-934 (SE !B^lfi937 
CB-12) 

GDO: INEIH) SERIES 

Mftjs: / *aaN) msntc/ ^oon) suket HjnMNr/ ^iaikhdc bads' nswac (smnas/ *SBfla: ajniES/ 
HUB: / mfflNS' HOTis^ SE«E ffljmE (BBinHs/ avffi aijraE E«a^^ 

^Sft: R.S.F. 

ifflS: Wth tte (teekpwt of the sjBoe duttte la«irir« fadUtles, it to m||^ 
rotatlr« substructure to prwide fix the iisertimari^rE^ 
iDtaSS servioe structure is a .«ldad tiixJar stB^^ace fa« M^ 
tro. At the plwtooilum the structure is suBXiteia>a»Jichd^n^^ 
opposite tandi« the structure is siWcctBdai two trudtas9B±ili€seBdiha«^ 
^i^teels. Tte Mlwii« fiEatures of the rotatii« SEwloB structure are dis^ 
arriomtiactim; (2) h«dcM tie dans; (3) p^IxbI dH«e(Mt roam (4) placed gconi hailllng nKharian, 
(5) peylcad jnd ocWter aooBss platfaaiBj and (6) ortdter carjp b^ access. 

ffiWfiaZT^H^ ISSUE 8 E(ffi 1096 QOHnff 16 85A)MXD 7 KCES l^^ 

miL: BctEDial tank pcocessiiig fton baise toped 

taO: A/QBEOaBtt J. E. 

OCiFrltartintteiettaCJncp., QxsB Beech, Fla. AVm-NEES 

SAP-. BC A25/» id; JnVfSfL jaisn Space Gsnter Staoe ftuttle Tbch. Orf., Pt. lp49e-50* (S «&-l£8B9 
OB-12) 

OD: IMEIEDSIXIES 

' Mys:/ **ssajNy «)osiHiiawBaMS^«aERW-ms/^aaiDsaiOTH^ *9ctn) 

HOQJiNr BOQ^ BGDG5 

HOC: / caaony hwisdh asiai hffdfmne/ sBiHB^p«aaiiy iHEMftL Homcnai 



ISSt Delivay and lanch reedlnass craits fior the Bctaxal TSarks (ET) aoce discussecl. Ihe ET is afif-loBded at the 
rsc BaiBB lUmiic Basin ail toued to the ^fertkal itesEnUy Buildizc; (VAB), Hi^ B^ 'Dsnsfier Aisle. It is 
erocted vertLcaUy and pQaced in the ET Checkout Area of His^ Bey 2 or 4 fix standalone chedocut. At the 
QCDpLetiai of dieckcut the ET is t ia i sfiaTed to stoca^e or to the IhtqgEaticn Area of Hic^ Boy 1 or 3 fx SEC 
aid Odxiter Hate. A S^stans Ihtggcation Test pafuuiad with the (Miter and Solid Bodoet Booster is described. 
Final checkout activities are also described. 

8aQ2001# ISSUE 3 BMZ 310 OOSIEI 15 84/01/24 10 BACES IN3ASSIEIED DOCLIQa* 

UEIL: Vim of Ariaie oouitdoun pnxedures, Kourou lanch fariHtiffl 

MJIBx A/aXSlf A. 

OFP: Joint Rtlications Research Service, Adiifrten, Vau ^SffllLJIEES 

SAP: S:f05/tWXfli IhitsVtetQjrope^pt.; Sci. andlbctroL (JH&4Sr-«4-(X)4) p 7-16 (SE IQ&-1199B 0^ 

OD: EBttCE Ikaisl. into ENGUS fixm Ihd. and Tech. (l^ods), 10 Sep. 1963 p 74-83 

)«us! / 4^9a»e lims vmoE/ 'Kxxinn]^ 

MDS: / GHXN) OSHS/ (SON) SUKRT BUOlCNiy UiNE WINXMS/ UUCHItC VfDS/ UOSD POCKET mJOSUJUIS 

ABA: ILS.F. 

ABS: Various activitiest grcuxi si^xxt equipnentt pcocedureSf and dTflllfrges associated with the lanchii^ of 
Ariane are described. Gcound crev nEs pc ns ihiHtiffl» lanch windows, rocket pcqseUants, and technical 
pecscmel are anopg the topics discussed. 

8aa3163»ISSlE3BMZZ73G«SaKriABFrft: lAF I»BER 84^^66 84/l(MX} 15 Bf£ES UCIASS^ 

UEIL: S^Boe 9ixttle gEcuil pcooessiic; - Ihe safiety chall^^ 

iUm: A/SEMt H. L., JL BAA: A/(IaidBBd SjpettC|)etatians (b., Utusv^ 

OD: INEEBD SEKIES; SiteoBtional AstxaautiGal Baderaticn, IhtenBticnal Astroneutical Oaqgcessi 35thy lasamet 
Suitaedad, Oct. 7-13, 1SB4. 15 p. 

mjSi /^^aarasNUic/^^fiffiErf E03^ 

MD6: /(3aN)aBIS/aaN)SUiaTHXIIEICN^ 

iBkt Aithcr 

iyaSt Ihds paper discuBses thesafiety aspects of the gccuid pcooassiicc of the 'Sjpaoe Shuttle': It describes in 
general tecuB tiie flov of the processii^ fixn ocfaiter laiUiig to the ffirrrrrHng lanch* It notes in scne 
dptail the knotn l^^^hfa associated vith the S^Boe Ttafiportaticn ^^sten and the inpact these I'wwufci hoMe en a 
sinsLe serial pcocessinB Bum e.g. , the cecfiixBaents dearii^ wade areas of nonessential perstmel to 
aiiiJiiHihte pnffirfhTp cscposutes to tcpdc ^ASpcrs and Hqidds or the hHSHirh associated with solid racket motor 
SQgpnents* It then describes hov these ItWginb and lindtations hBR^ sicpificsntly gcsater inpact ^lisfi 
ofTwidpned in lig^t of the niiltiplp flw pR)0BSsix^ reciuixed to ineet incceasiic^ launch rates* 

8SA131£3»ISSUB3BI)CE273QaHZIDri4BPF|N HAP Bffffi 84-266 84/lQAX) 15 BKS UGASSTFIS 
UEIL: SpBCB Siittle gcond prooessiis - Ihe safiely chaUanBe 
MID: A/Bet, H. L., JR. BAA: A/(LockfaeBd S^Boe Otserations Gb., TltusvdlLe, EL) 

282 



QDt UinH) SDOES; Ihtetmtional AstraBudcal BBtteratim, Ihtamtiaial Astiaaitdcal Gopgresst 3Sth, lajsanst 
SidtzeElavl, Oct. 7-13, 19B4. 15 p. 

MyS: / ^(SaiD EffUISSG/ *SAFEI7 EAdCBS/ -^tlE WtERELtSEBIl SSBl 

MIN5: / GKUO (SEUS/ OON) SUEKET EJSRBO/ Hf^/^CE/ IXXHSEPCS/ TTCINlffy AS9BS9CNr 

ate Aithor 

ifiS: This pepgr ^tign^g^g tte safety aspects of the gnxiid ptocessii« of the 'S^ It desc ri bes in 

gascaL tans the £lw of the pcocessiic fran ccfaiter landing to the socaaedirg lanch. It notes in scoe 
detail tte knoun Iszaa:^ associated with te Sjpaoe ^Daispcrtatiai l^nstan afd the infact these hazards have m a 
siicLe soial pcooessirs Bad e.g.t the rec|jiiBiHits cLBED±t; wodc areas of nonsssaitial peiSGmel to 
sccxmodaXB p^?^^^** esqxEures to ttKic vapocs aid liquids or the hazards associated vith solid rocket motor 
s^tHits. It tiiai describes hov these hazards and limitations have significantly greatar inpct Oiai 
oonsidaed in li^t of the nuLtiple flow pcocessing reqLilred to meet iixieasirs lauich rates. 

8ffl745ai# QDHUff 14 Rm: AE^«J78S2aL FID-IIXFS)T-1278^ 8am/2B 9 B^ 

UnL: lauxfa point - Hesetdc 

mnSk AA3JBSEJ, V. 

CEFP: Air R3coe S^^stans Oonnend, WW^t-^ttteEson AEB, (Ho. CS: (Floreign TfedixxLogy Div.) 

(3D: U.S.SJL Tiafil. into ENHISB from Ptavda (US31), no. 171(23697), 20 An. 19B3 p 3, ools 2-^ 

f«US: / ^yKEEFICEftL SfflHUIES/ ^WOSIER KXXET ETCttES/ ^LMCBINS STIES 

MttBi /OClBIHUCinW OON) SUEKKT BdHMNE/ SEIE SBLBCmN 

84173)63* CfflHIIff 82 RPr»: ^ftSMM-BSBOO K^5IJ6^ tttS 1.15:855^ 

UnL: *^[«rg liasportaticn ^stem Rrilitifls and operatkns 

OnP: Ihticial i^nsutLcs ad S^aoe ikkdnistratiau Jdn F. Koib^ Sjpaoe danter, Qxra Beach, Fla. AVAIL.Nn5 

CSh INCQD SEKIES 

MUS: / ^^3K KBMDr lANa OOflBy ^OON) SUIOff H^ 

MD6: /UiNmG ME/ msmHHr SRBMS/ SBKE SBEIIE EffidllfflB^ SURRT SJSSBS/ HRVfON) (SES) 

84M41S3 TSaE 21 S£E 3006 OaHZBT 14 84/08/00 4 BMXS IKIASSIFin) 000100* 
unL: S^Boeport Guiaa 

mab A/CBBmtto, m. 

ttAs A/ObtioBl S^paoe Institute, Ariingtcn, V^) 

OD: iMnH) SHOES; Staoe \fcdd (ESI 0038-6332), vol. IM-24B, Ag. 1984, p. 26-29. 

WU5: / ^>SKIGH1 SMS HOGRMS/ ^^iSNSDG BASS 

016: / igittEunmmnsiE/iSBmcauiiifjm^ 

tBki M.SJL 

iyaSt Hb innnaiBit. ocnditiora, cafdxQitles, and projects of the <3uiafB laundi coiDa: are revleued. Ihe facility 

283 



is TOf ocntrollQd ty AriafisiBoe, a private oocpocatkn with saidprtvate stoddioldecs. koianespBCBf actually a 
nBdoetli^ £irm, daiss tiBt tie Adae cai plaoe spacecraft into ncce pcecise gBostatioHiy Uasfief ocUts 
tiai cai the auttle, ttereiy ectaiiliTg GEO spacBCcaft lifiedmRs ty a year due to ocnservBd staticrkBepdrK 
fi^l. FUrthonccet the aUad <t»*^ gadnad ty a rodoet lajxhsd £ran near the eqiBtor increases tiie &el 
etticlency hy 17 paoent. A secrrd larch pad is beii« readied, aid a^site fp ri Mtim indxite a ^«tlcal 
int^catkn birildir^ fior ooniJUteriaBd systan check-out prior to lanch, lanch rates of 12 per year are 
pdaiiBd, with tte vdddes traisported fixm the assaiUy buildir^f to pad en a rail car apparatus* The first 
purely rm«»rr^-ial launch plarpr4 Sjpacanet-l in GEO for teLaoonnuiicaticn reiky fmctlons. 

a3X71371# QnH3DRr 12 82/11/19 9 BflCES INIifiSinED DOOMNT IB GW AGHCIES 
UnL: Air andCbanos report fran Bsetenr Cbsnxirane 
MJSk A/imSEBK, ?. 

OFP: Jbdnt RUlcaticre Iteseardi Service, Ariiigtan, ^feu In its USSR Kept.: Staoe ( JERS4/I0955) p 1-9 (^ 
ffl3-7137D 05-12) 

OD: HMME-ltaral. intoEKIia fcanAir ariGoanos (Kspds), no. 916, 17 Jdy. 1982 p 57-60 ari 68 

WJSi I ^^yUCHDG BASES/ ^mXSSSi SCEES/ ^,S.S.IL SACB mCIUM 

MINS: /HON) SUEFGFCr HXIRCNiy POCKET lAlKHDC/ 3Pt£SStFj: lAINSDG 

83A3Ug6» BSUB B Bffi 18U QXmaiff 14 CN»: ro47Dl-«>C<Xm 82A)QA» 17 KGE5 1^^ 

UHL: IXIV9iittle peyload grouii haiflii^ opecaticns at Kamed/ Sjpaoe Oaiter 

;uiH: a/sibn;, N. L. 

BftA: A/it^aoospBce Qxp., VsMcLa BigineeEir« Ulv., El Seffrio, a) 

OD: Uiira) SDOES; IN: ^^xspaoe Tstii« Saidnar, 6th, Los ^^ngeles, G^ (farch 11-13, 19B1, Ftooeadii«5 (AB3-31176 
IS-IA). ttxnt Rxspectt IL, Institute of Ehviicnnoital Sciaioes, 1982, p. 195^206; Edscussicn, p. 207-211. 

Hn6: / ftaunES/ uinsbx; WDE/iwsaas wnLssc/stsios) meswden 

aSi A desoipticn is presaited of the £acillties ad sjppxt eqpipnGnt \iiich vilL be used at Ksne^ Sjpaoe GEnter 
for pcoGBSsixi; vertically installed DCD peyloads txm the tine the peyload eleDEnts arrive at the lanch site 
mtil the ccqpilete intq;catBd caE^p is installed in the 9ixttle bey. Ihe feriHties treated include the solid 
oDtor assaiUy buikUis» the 9iittle peyload intqscatian fadlity, the rotatii^ service structure, and the 
(kUtor RnoBSsii^ Ekdlity. Ihe flo^ of peyload eleiBits thropE^ tlsse facilities axl tls oEmer in \iiich 
th^ are integrated, cheched out, servioed, and installed in the \arious hendUi^ fixtures are discussed. Ihe 
opesatiafBl pcGbLans associated with hendlipg, cLeBhliness, pcopellait servicix«, safety, and event schedulins 



81^06524 ISSLE 10 BVZ 1583 CnHXRf lA 81/OM]0 8 BK^ 

UnL: Ihe Boikcna: SS^ space launch facUities 

amx A/JHGCN, N. L. 

CDDt INNW S^BoeElie^t, vol. Z3, fpc. 19SL, p. 109-116. 

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284 



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l^utatam, east of tiB facaL Seeu A oonjectuial chccncxLcsy of lancfa pad desd^i, ocnstructicn and ncdiflGatiGn 
in mspfw^ to diEif^iis pEyloed ocnfigutatLcns is gi^^en in condusdai. 

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285 



No: L7 Title; Horizontal Transport of Individual Stages to Pad 



Operations Requireaent : 

Eliminate LV rotation, high-lift VAB scenario, and the related extensive GSE 
and GSO army. Provide simple, rapid transit of flight stages through the 
ground processing cycle: from landing site (if recoverable) or stage assembly 
facility (if expendable), to processing facility, to launch pad. 

Rationale ; 

Conventional rotation, lift, and mate in the VAB requires large mobilization 
for complex. Interrelated GSO, equipment, and personnel. 

The operational efficiency and cost reduction potential of this concept are 
strongly dependent on capability to insert the payload cocoon as late as 
practical in the flow, i.e., Immediately before vehicle transfer to pad. Use 
of landing gear, or strap-on dollies and aircraft tug-type operation (or 
rail/locomotive configuration) eliminate the need for large, O&M-lntensive 
crawler-transporter (CT) and mobile lannrhpcplatform (MLP), and allow rapid 
transit. 

Saaple Concept : 

Perform T&C/O of all stages in horizontal attitude. Only one set and type of 
access GSE is required. Complete T&C/O, roll individual stages to pad, rotate 
to vertical with mobile crane and engage stage-mate clevis. Simplified vehicle 
and pad are key to reduced time at pad. If access for vertical payload 
Insertion were made mandatory, it would cause the return of costly structures 
and O&M army and compromise the ''barren-pad" concept. 

Transit via integral landing gear or strap-on dollies also allows individual 
stage transfer to the pad and individual rotation - to - vertical about the 
wheels, or suitable pivot axis, using a mobile crane while maintaining ground 
contact with the stage* This would provide the following benefits: 

(1) Rapid/timely transfer of individual stages to pad. 

(2) Hinlmum payload ground loiter time subsequent to insertion in vehicle. 

(3) Requires roadway capable of supporting stages individually, but 
crawler- transporter and mobile launcher platform are not required; 
gravelled crawlerway and repetitive dragging / smoothing and gravel 
replacement not necessary. 

(4) Erection GSE greatly simplified. At RSC mobile cranes are routinely 
maintained and available. Rotation to vertical can be accomplished 
without lifting flight vehicle from ground; assures full control of 
vehicle while "on-the-hook", greatly improving safety of the operation. 
This method would also greatly increase the operational wind envelope 
normally associated with loads lifted clear of the ground. 

(5) For a ground processing scenario limited to horizontal vehicle handling, 
transit to pad can be either individual or piggyback. The concept of 
Individual stage transport promises a lighter booster, simpler 
processing facility (eliminates major vehicle lift), and simpler 
structural dynamics during transfer. 



286 



L7 - Horizontal Transport of Individual Stages to Pad (Cont.) 

Technology Requi regent ; 

Simplified launch vehicle and greatly revised design and operations philosophy 
aimed at eliminating all possible GSE and ground support operations. 

Proposed pad and vehicle are very much simplified from conventional concepts. 
Vehicle simplification, as proposed in other items herein, eliminates 
dependence on multi-level vehicle access/connections provided by swingarms. 

Technology References : 

None. 

Conclusions; 

See L9 "Conclusions" for theoretical quantified headcount reduction associated 
with criteria L6, L7, and L9. 



287 



No, 



L8 Title: Barren Pad 



Operational Requlreaent; 

Barren pad with essentially no GSE or supporting structures. 

Rationale: 

A major contributor to ground operations cost is the complexity of GSE and 
structures at the pad which require constant maintenance and/or refurbishment 
and modifications; each of which require small armies of supporting personnel 
(engineers, technicians, mechanics, clerks, etc.) 

The following SPC systems, responsibilities, and headcount during 51-L are 
representative of "hands-on" Operations elements not required by a barren pad 
concept; i.e., headcount and systems that can be deleted from future designs. 
It does not include process/sustaining engineering, QA, safety, logistics, etc. 

PADS 39 A & B - Pad systems, in general, are covered 24 hrs., 7 days, 3 shifts, 
using an odd work week schedule. Skill mix Includes certified mechanical and 
electrical technicians, generally performing the following variety of O&M 
functions: 

o Planned maintenance: cyclic preventive maintenance, including corrosion 
control, pressure tests, proof tests, and component/system calibrations 

o Unplanned maintenance: resolution of anomalies documented by PR's and DR's, 
and applicable re- test 

Modifications: implementation of ground system changes and applicable 
re-test 

o STS processing: mating, testing, servicing and closeout for launch as 
dictated by the processing schedule 

The following KSC shuttle systems and headcount are eliminated by a barren pad 
configuration. 

BHVIRONMBNTAL CONTROL STSTBM (ECS); 51-L HEADCOUWr - 32 

The ECS system provides air or GN2 to various compartments of the orblter, PCR 
white room, external/ inter tank area, and localized payload air conditioning. 

The ECS system provides temperature, humidity, and pressure levels to these 
various systems. 

ECS system technicians routinely have to adjust temperature or flow rates per 
OTC or engineering. 

SVIHG ARMS/HTDRAULICS FOR SVIN6 ARMS; 51-L HBADCOUHT - 25 

Maintain and service all associated systems including pneumatic systems and 
lines. 

Hydraulic charging unit and piping, GOX vent arm, ET vent arm, orblter access 
arm, ECS air for ET access and GOX vent arms. 



2fl8 



L8 (cont.) 

PATLOAD CHANGBOUT ROOM (POl) AND PATLOAD GROUND HANDLING MBCHANISH (FGHM); 51-L 
HBADCOUNT « 26 

PCR fixed platforms, extendible platforms, PCR doors, ante room, and air shower 
maintenance and PCR cleaning prior to payload installation. 

PGHM drive mechanism, hydraulic system, J-hook, support beam, LRU extendible 
platforms, counter balance beams and associated hardware, includes crane and 
hoist operation. 

Processing of vertical payloads both commercial and DoD into the PCR and 
installation in the orbiter and payload bay, doseout for launch. 

LAUNCH COHPLEX SITE MANAGEMENT AND MATRIX SUPPORT COORDINATIOH; 
51-L HBADCOUNT - 28 BARREN PAD » 17 (28 less 40Z) 

Direct supervision and management of ground support equipment technicians and 
coordination of site support requirements to ensure readiness of the site to 
support the vehicle processing schedule. 

This function includes all non- technician staffing, i.e., site manager, shift 
managers, systems supervisors, site support coordination, secretarial and 
clerical. 



PAD OPERATKmS QUANTIFIERS (51-L) 

o OMI S0009, Launch Pad Validation - 82 technicians 

o OMI S0024, Hypergol Propellant Servicing - 70 technicians 

o PRs, DRs, TPSs, average/month - 120 per pad 

o PMOMIs released into work control system/month - 80 per pad. 

o Payload installation at PCR (13.0 hours design) required 174 hours. 

Sl-L SYSTEMS NOT BLININATED BT BARREN PAD EXERCISE 

o Hazardous gas detection, GH2 leak/fire detection; 51-L headcount - 23 

o Hypergolic systems; 51-L headcount - 42 

o PRSD/fuel cells; 51-L headcount « 25 

o LH2 MPS storage /transfer; 51-L headcount - 19 

o L02 MPS storage/ transfer; 51-L headcount - 20 

BSTIMATB OP ADDITIONAL FACILITIES O&N HBADCOUNT ELIMIHATED BT BARREN PAD 



42 X .25 - 10 



o Low voltage electrical; 59 x .25 - 15 

o Pneumatics; 29 x .25 - 7 

o HVAC/ECS; 
o 

O — . -, , r 

o Cranes, doors, platforms, elevators; 90 x .06 - _5 



Industrial water; 37 x .8 - 30 

C/T, MLP, Pad Structures; 51 x .06 - 3 



Total! 70 



289 



L8 (cont.) 

Saaple Concept; 

A "barren pad" would have the following essentials: 

* Simple raised concrete structure 
^ Deep water exhaust buffer 

* Lightning/lighting tower 
^ Propellant farm 

* Mobile crane (as required) 

* Flyaway propellant connections 

* Hardwire electrical ground connections 

* Wireless (infrared/optical/RF) control & data connections 

It would not have; 

* Access structures 

* Swingarms 

* Retracting umbilicals 

* T-0 holddown 

* Firebrick flame trench and deflectors 
^ Deluge water system 

* Sound suppression water system 

* Extensive air compressor system 

* Extensive helium and nitrogen storage and distribution systems 

* Large pad terminal connection room 

* Ground power system and related GSE 
^ ECS GSE 

^ Vehicle system GSE 

* Hardwire connections to vehicle 

* Office and shop facilities 

Technology Requirement: 

Development only; heavily dependent on acquisition of autonomous payload units 
mated in an innovative manner, eliminating the need for a "payload city" 
anywhere in the ground processing/launch facilities scenario. 

Also heavily dependent on autonomous vehicle having presently unavailable 
self-contained electrical power system. 

Technology References: 
None. 

Conclusions ; 

A "barren pad" has the potential to decrease the "STS equivalent" pad operations 
and facilities headcount by 170 people; not including QA» safety and the 
support infrastructures. The Phase 3 Addendum to Phase 2 Final Report of this 
study, "51-L Work Volume Indicators", dated September 30, 1988 (page 3) shows 
the SPC skill mix includes 32. U "untabulated administrative!^ (QA, safety, 
secretarial, analysts, clerks, security, business, human resources, etc.). 
Applying that ratio to the 170 heads above provides a conservative additional 
reduction of 170 x .32 - 54; for a total potential headcount reduction of 224 
people. 



290 



Ho; L8.1 Title : Deep Water Exhaust Buffer 

Operations Requlreaent ! 

Eliminate/minimize/simplify launch pad flame trench and deflector. 

Hationale t 

Contemoorary launch pads are massive structures whose initial capital cost 
Include significant Lpense for fire brick, flame deflectors, water deluge 
sJstem^. wf?er control Sasonry, and retention ponds. Maintenance and operation 
7t ^ese systLis represents a sizable workload and headcount for the facilities 
organization. The thermodynamic and acoustic environment during launch is 
^f?2me w??h physical deterioration a function of launch rate. Future launch 
Chicles, with increased launch rates, are envisioned. Replacement of damaged 
or eroded firebrick, major refurbishment at repetitive intervals, and and even 
m^est structural ^osion of flame deflectors is costly. These should be 
greatly reduced or virtually eliminated. 

Sample Concept ; 

Construct the new pad with typically deep pilings and footers, although not 
necessary to support weight of MLPs and towers (they aren' used in proposed 
Dad) Dredffe very deep pond at base of flame duct (40-60 ft. deep). Utilize 
«avity-fed (no pumps) natural body of water such as a lake, river, or ocean 
connected by low-maintenance canal. Deep water will serve to quench 
exhaust and act as flame deflector. 

Technology Requireaent : 

Investigate water depth requirement as function of thrust level and rocket 
engine geometry. 

Technology References ; 

This document. See L8 "Conclusions" for potential headcount reduction 
associated with this criterion. 



291 '. 



No: L8.2 Title ; Flyaway Connects Only - No Retracting Umbilical 

Carrier Plates 

Operations Requireaent t 

Provide simplified vehicle umbilical disconnect systems. 

Rationale : 

Contemporary retracting quick-disconnect umbilical carriers are very complex, 
suceptible to launch-damage , and manpower-intensive for test and checkout. 
Post-launch refurbishment is repetitive, costly, and time consuming. 

Sample Concept : 

Proposed pad has no vehicle access towers, swingarms or retracting umbilical 
carrier plates. All hard connects to the vehicle (essentially propellant 
lines) are vertical lift-off type with simple, gravity operated protective 
covers for QDs and the carrier plate. 

Technology Requirement : 

None • 

Technology References : 

This document. See L8 '^Conclusions" for potential headcount reduction 
associated with this criterion. 



292 



No: L8.3 Title: No Svingarms 



Operations Requirement : 

Eliminate all svingarms with the related ground support operations, equipment, 
and structures to dramatically reduce repetitive costs. Eliminate repetitive 
tests and checkout at pad and post launch refurbishment. 

Rationale : 

Contemporary svingarms are expensive, complex, O&M intensive, and launch 
critical systems. 

Sample Concept : 

Proposed pad and vehicle are very much simplified compared to conventional 
concepts. Vehicle simplification, as proposed in other items herein, 
eliminates dependence on multi-level vehicle access/connections provided by 
svingarms. Payload canister inserted during T&C/O prior to transfer to pad. 
Passenger canister access (if any) via special mobile manlift. 

Technology Requirement : 

Concept dependent on development of simplified vehicle by related technology 
developments proposed in other items herein. 

Technology References ; 

This document. See L8 "Conclusions" for potential headcount reduction 
associated vith this criterion. 



293 



Ho5 L8,4 Title ; No Vehicle or Pay load Access Structure 

Operations Requirement t 

No vehicle or pay load access structure. 

Minimize vehicle resident time at pad. Rollout, erect, fuel, verify 
satisfactory self- test, launch. 

Limited LRU changeout capability at pad (boattail). 

Rationale ; 

Current STS requires two weeks or more at the pad for extensive interface 
systems test and checkout, pay load access for O&M, vertical P/L insertion, 
closeout and all-systems verifications. This time period and tedious process 
is not acceptable for reduced cost and high launch rate. 

Sample Concept ; 

Mandatory access for vertical payload insertion would return the likelihood of 
costly structures and O&M array compromising the ''barren-pad" concept of 
criteria item L8. 

Technology Requirement ; 

Mobile crane capability at KSC is historically and operationally well 
established, possesses excellent safety record, is highly reliable, and 
flexible, and falsely underrated for operational use. Vehicle, payload, and 
passenger support using some form of mobile crane-adapted system should be 
considered to retain "barren-pad" concept. 

Technology References : 

This document. See L8 "Conclusions" for potential headcount reduction 
associated with this criterion. 



294 



No: L8.5 Title : Simplified Holddovn/release 

Operations Requirement ; 

Greatly simplify vehicle holddown systems at pad. 

Rationale ; 

Holddovn system of some kind is presently considered mandatory to restrain 

vehicle in high winds and to stabilize motion during engine start. Existing 

mechanism incorporates hazardous systems, is costly, time-consuming, and not 

mandatory for a MPS designed to verify Pc OK characteristics during a ''slow 
rolling" start. 

Sample Concept ; 

Eliminate explosive aspect of bolts, and ultra-high bolt torqueing. Nitlnol 
mechanisms hold promise of holddovn/release systems having no pyrotechnics or 
movlng-linlcage mechanisms. 

Technology Requlrea^it : 

Innovative holddovn and release mechanism using Nitinol technology/mechanism 
development or equal. 

Critically reevaluate contemporary, stringent holddovn and release criteria. 

Technology References : 

This document. See L8 "Conclusions" for potential headcount reduction 
associated vith this criterion. 



295 



Ho: L8.6 Title; No Deluge or Sound Suppression Water 



Operations Requirement ; 

Eliminate very extensive facilities, personnel, test and checkout procedures, 
and costly O&M o£ pad water systems. 

Rationale ; 

Gross simplification of launch pad facilities and operations is essential to 
reduce repetitve cost-to-orbit by factor of 10, 

Sample Concept ; 

Proposed pad has no towers or access structures other than lightning-arrest 
and light tower(s). 

Firex/deluge water necessary to protect swing arm hydraulics, pro pell a nts, 



pneumatics, electrical cabinets and tower/MLP deck are all eliminated by the 
••barren pad" concept. 

Sound suppression water of the STS system is necessary to protect the launch 
vehicle from the low frequency, high energy acoustics generated by the SRBs. 

Technology Requirement ; 

None. 

Technology References ; 

This document. See L8 ••Conclusions" for potential headcount reduction 
associated with this criterion. 



296 



No: L8.7 Title ; No Pad ECS 



Operations Requlreaent : 

Delete extensive costly equipment and personnel providing internal pad 
structures GN2 purge and pre-launch pressurization. Delete similar systems 
providing vehicle ECS. 

Batlonale i 

A sizable "town" of facilities, systems, GSE, and personnel inhabit 

contemporary launch pads. These are costly in O&M personnel and 

test/checkout/pre-launch validation time, and are not necessary in the proposed 
"barren pad". 

Sample Concept t 

No vehicle on-board work is done at the pad other than erection, propellant 
loadinK and communications/ controls connect/ positioning. Therefore, no 
ground-provided vehicle ECS is required. Payload canister is autonomous 
(manned or unmanned). 

Proposed pad blast area does not include offices, shops, restrooms, or 
routinely occupied areas; only propellant lines, communications/controls and 
hold-down/umbilical access tunnels and lightning/light tower(s). 

Technology Requirement ! 

None. 

Technology References : 

This document. See L8 "Conclusions" for potential headcount reduction 
associated with this criterion. 



297 



Not L9 Title; Erect/Mate Stages at Pad 



Operations Requlrenent ! 

Eliminate complex rotation, mate, and associated GSE and bridge cranes in VAB 
vehicle-mating scenario* Also, eliminate need to trauisport very large, 
delicate y avkvard assembly to launch pad. 

Rationale : 

Mating remotely £rom launch center requires army of men and GSE for complex 

lifting/rotation harness, bridge cranes, MLP, C/T, platform retraction and the 

very expensive, labor intensive O&M ''tree'* necessary to support all this 
equipment. 

Sample Concept ; 

'^Barren Pad" equipped with very simple aft thrust/butt stands on side of flame 
trench vail. Individual stages rolled relatively quickly to pad on integral 
landing gear (reusable vehicles), rubber-tired dollies, or rail cars. 
Individual stages rotated to vertical using large mobile crane with additional 
winch for vehicle horizontal restraint line. Vehicle "nesting" concept greatly 
simplifies pad configuration. 

One of the prime limitations of mobile crane support is the pay load "swinging 
pendulum" effect which can produce disastrous boom side loads . This same 
effect is also a serious operational hazard with bridge cranes, e.g., KSC/VAB 
wherein any initial horizontal translation (acceleration) produces an 
"overswing" or loss of precision load control. Mobile cranes have been 
successfully used in place of the MOD to lift orbiters for mate/demate with the 
SCA on three occasions. Inability to restrain the load pendulum resulted in 
severe wind-speed limitations during those operations. Rotation about landing 
gear, single rear-axle dolly, or aft trtinion, can retain vehicle ground contact 
at all times and eliminate the pendulum hazard normally associated with both 
bridge and mobile cranes. 

Any large industrial facility (such as a major launch center) routinely 
requires large mobile crane support for a multitude of logistics and O&M tasks. 
Using such a system (carefully selected for capability) for vehicle erection at 
the launch center is like acquiring an erection system virtually for "free". 

Further simplification can result from booster/orbiter auto-mate of clevis-type 
fittings secured by weight and acceleration forces in place of explosive bolts. 
Separation can be automatic upon booster shutdown and can be safely controlled 
by fixed aerodynamic surfaces. 

Technology Require»ent; 

Development only. Note however, this ultra-simple technique requires 
parallel-mated stages that automatically engage with inter-stage attachment 
fixtures at termination of the erection sequence, eliminating elevated access 
structures at the pad. 

Technology Referencea : 

This document. See following L6, L7, L9 Summary "Conclusions" for potential 
headcount reduction associated with this criterion. 



298 



L6, L7y L9 - Siunary 

SHUTTLE EQUIVALENT HEADCOUNT REDUCTION 

MOBILE LAUNCHER PLATFORMS (OPERATIONS ORGANIZATION - SPC) 

The following describes scope of HLP systems subjected to the usual range of O&M 
for planned/unplanned/ preventive maintenance. Headcount as noted is a potential 
reduction for simplified transfer and erection. 

Skill mix includes certified mechanical and electrical technicians t performing 
maintenance, support calibrations, modifications, validations, and equipment 
operation in support of preparing the MLP to support the STS launch schedule. 
Technician distribution to the 3 MLPs for upcoming launch, follov-on launch, and 
refurb from latest launch averages 50%, 30Z, 20% respectively. 

TAIL SERVICE MASTS; 51-L HEADCOUNT > 21; SIMPLIFIED TRANSFER AND 
ERECTION » 11 (21 LESS 50Z): DELETE 10 

Maintenance and operation of the L02 and LH2 TSM systems (including all 
pneumatic panels that support the T-0 interface), the bonnet and drop weight 
system and the T-0 carriers. 



The average number of PMOMI's is 9/month and the average number of PR's, DR's, 
and TPS's is 20/month per mobile launcher. 

Equivalent systems will be pad-mounted (2 sets) rather than MLP (3 sets). There 
will * be no complex bonnets or drop weights and T-O carriers will be non-moving, 
rise-off type wi th infrared data/control/comm circui ts and gravl ty-powered 
propellant Q/D and carrier blast covers. 

DC POWER; 51-L HEADCOUNT » 17 

Maintain, operate, troubleshoot and repair all DC power supplies and '^back-up'* 
battery systems in support of all GSE and orbiter power. 

The average number of PMOMI's is 11/month and the average number of PR's, DR's, 
and TPS's is IS/month. 

Elimination of MLP DC power is dependent on development of presently unavailable 
"high density energy cells" enabling enhanced vehicle autonomy. 

GROUND HYDRAULICS; 51-L HEADCOUNT » 6 

Operation and maintenance of the orbiter/SRB ground hydraulic system in support 
of vehicle testing and checkout during prelaunch activities. 

The average number of PMOMI's is 5/month and the average number of PR's, OR's, 
and TP's is 11/month. 

Elimination of O&M-intense flight hydraulics enables deletion of MLP/pad/ground 
hydraulic systems. 

(HIDNANCB; 51-L HEADCOUNT m 3 

Installation and removal of ordnance on the T-0 demate devices and the hydrogen 
preburn igniters. 

Perform maintenance and checkout of all GSE pyrotechnic initiator systems (PIC). 

The average number of PMOMI's is 3/month and the average number of PR's, DR's, 
and TPS's is 5/month. 

299 



L6, L7, L9 - Sunary (cont.) 

Headcount deletion dependent on elimination of conventional T-0 holddovn 
ordnance and innovative MPS start cycle. 

ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL SYSTEM (ECS) /PORTABLE PURGE UNIT (PPU); 51-L HEADCOUNT - 4 

Maintenance, operation and troubleshooting of the ECS system in support of 
vehicle operations in the VAB, during transportation of the STS to the launch 
pad and through STS testing and launch. 

The average number of PMOMI's is 9/month and the average number of PR's, DR's, 
and TPS's is 11/month. 

Elimination of ground-provided ECS and purge is dependent on innovative vehicle 
and pay load autonomy. 

HAZARDOUS GAS DETECTION SYSTEM (HGDS)/GH2 PIRB DETECTION/LEAK DETECTION SYSTEMS; 
51-L HEADCOUNT > 12 

Operation and maintenance of the HGDS, which requires knowledge of electronics, 
pneumatic and mechanical systems. 

System is operational from validation of the orbiter/launch pad throughout 
testing, launch and post launch activities. 

The average number of PMOMI's is 13/month and the average number of PR's, DR's, 
and TPS's is 13/month. 

Pad located equivalent systems included in necessary headcount elsewhere (L8). 

MANAGEMENT; 51-L HEADCOUNT - 13; SIMPLIFIED TRANSFER AND ERECTION - 4 (1 mgr. 
and 3 shift supervisors for simple mobile dollies/stage transporters): 
DELETE 9 

Supervise/manage MLP technicians including training, certification, safety and 
administration in support of launch vehicle processing flow schedules. 

# 
This function includes the managers and supervisors required to direct 
operations on three (3) MLP's. 

SUPPORT OPERATIONS ORGANIZATION - SPC 

The following is an estimation of SPC-equivalent Support Operations headcount 
reduction enabled by replacing CTs and MLPs with simpler dolly-style mobile 
transporters and prime movers of a concept similar to Saturn-Apollo S-IC, S-II, 
etc. (liquid propellant expendable vehicles assumed). This is in addition to 
the MLP operations functions presented above. 

C/T, MLP, PAD STRUCTURES; 51-L HEADCOUNT - 51: DELETE 34 

51-L headcount breakdown: pad structures -3 (addressed in L8); remnant divided 
24-24 between C/T and MLP support. C/T support is replaced by rubber-tired 
prime mover and addressed in Heavy Equipment below. MLP support (2 ea. circa 
51-L) is reduced by simplicity of mobile transporters. A quantity of 6 ea. is 
envisioned; 4 ea./booster stages (2 cycles) and 2 ea/core stages (2 cycles). 
Transporter support headcount estimated at 14 (2 shift supervisors and 12 
technicians). 



300 



L6, L7, L9 - SuMary (cont.) 

HEAVY EQUIPMENT: AN) 19 

Additional heacount is necessary for: 

o Prime mover O&M (2 ea.); head count required: 

- 3 drivers, 8 observer/ techs (2 shift normal coverage) 
o Mobile crane stage rotation operations 

- 2 crane operators, 4 hook tenders, 2 mech. techs. 

CRAMBS/DOORS/PLATPORMS/ELBVATORS; 51-L HEADCOUNT - 90: DELETE 44 

C/D/P/E SPC EQUIPMENT; 51-L 

o Cranes and hoists US devices from 1 to 250-ton 

capacity 

o Mate-demate devices at KSC and DFRF 

o Power doors 55 rollup 

24 vertical lift 

12 horizontal 

o VAB and RPSP work platforms 462 platforms total 

236 power operated with 
remainder manual 

o OPF orbiter floor lifts 3 per OFF bay 

o Elevators 38 elevators from 3-floor 

o Bievators ^^^^^^ elevators to VAB and 

pad high rise elevators 

VAB-type bridge cranes for stage rotation/high lift/mate operations not required 
for horizontal processing. Extensive VAB vertical doors, high bay platforms, 
and high bay elevators also not required. 

Similar cranes/doors/platforms/elevators support for a simplified, horizontally 
processed liquid propellant vehicle will exist at a stage final assembly/test 
and checkout facility near the launch site. Support might be incorporated in a 
combination manufacturing and checkout facility, but for the purposes of this 
study comparison, is charged to ground processing. 

It is presumed that a horizontal test and checkout facility capable of handling 
two boosters, one core, and cargo loading, would require less than half the 
quantity of systems noted above. The following headcount results: 

Cranes/doors/platforms headcount - 79 x .5-40 

Bievators headcount ■ 11 x .5 ■ 6 

ESTIMATE OF ADDITIOilAL FACTLTTIBS O&N HEADCOUNT REDUCTION ENABLED BT C/T AND MLP 
ELIMINATION 

o Low voltage electrical 59 x .05 « 3 

o Pneumatics ^^ '^ '21 ' ? 

o HVAC/BCS 49 X .08 - 4 

o Industrial water 37 x .08 - 3 ^ 
Mechanical shops (fab, mod, refurb) 

- Mechanical 81 x .07 - 6 

- Electrical/electronic 29 x .07 - 2 

- Chemical sample/analysis 17 x .0 -0 

Total: 2ir 



301 



L6y L7y L9 - Siunary (cont.) 

Conclusions ! 

Replacing C/Ts and MLPs with mobile dollies and prime movers in a horizontal 
processing and transfer scenario holds the potential to decrease '^STS 
equivalent** operations and facilities headcount by 79 people; not including QA, 
safety and the support infrastructure. 

The Phase 3 Addendum to Phase 2 Final Report, '^Sl-L Work Volume Indicators**, 
dated Sept. 30, 1988, (page 3) shovs the SPC skill mix includes 32. U 
**untabulated administrative** (QA, safety, secretarial, analysts, clerks, 
security, business, human resources, etc.). Applying that ratio to the 79 heads 
above provides a conservative additional reduction of 79 x .32 « 25; for a 
total potential headcount reduction of 104 people. 



302 



H^j Lio Title : Pay loads: Standard Autonomous Cargo Container 

Operations Requireaent : 

Provide only simple mechanical interface between launch vehicle and pay load. 

Rationale: 

Orbiter payload bay modifications and payload flight support equipment software 
modifications are among the most time consuming ground support operations. 

Sample Concept ; 

Develop a payload bay module consisting of orbiter-unlversal strongback and 
environmental cover (as needed) that has internal capability to support payload 
electrical, environmental, and communications requirements from loading until 
orbital placement. This philosophy is also applicable to man-carrying orbital 
delivery module with life support systems. Concept is dependent upon forcing 
payload designers to accommodate the launch vehicle rather than vice-versa. 

Concept is equally essential to future expendable vehicle configurations. The 
next generation launch vehicle must become no more than a delivery truck, rather 
than an environmental Mother Goose. 

Technology Requirement ; , 

Longer-life, more reliable (high density) fuel cells or other electrical power 
source to support payload module. (See El). 

Technology References : 

NASA/RECON: 86A14382, 84A11721, 78A51985, 76N27347 
See also El. 



303 



86AI43B2* ilSSUB 3 BISGB 252 QOHZIff 16 IITI^ AIM BftEHt 85^6082 85/00/00 6 BflCES INJASSIEIED EOOlBir C llWim i' 

UnL: QriripliriBS for structural Meci£icat±xi and fracture oontroL of 9iJttLe poyloacte 

i^UIH: A/LDFER, C K; B/IOJ, M. C. 

Wa B/(Caiibxnia Institute of Tedmkeff Jet Etqulsicn Idnatosy, Baeedana) 

OQBP: Jet Rxpilsiai lab., CkLLfixnia Inst, of TadiM f^eadaia. 

QD: IMEIED SEKBSS 

IN: 9uttle BnRdrtxnent and OpaatUns II QnfeEcnoe, Housten, TX, NoMenter B-15, ISBS, IbdniGal fengs 
(A86-14376 03-16). New Yodc, AIM^ 1985, p. 42-47. 

MftJS: / ^^AEBOSBACE SAFER/ ^KSfOWl (EBtCOSHiG)/ '^SAFEIY FACTORS/ *S^£B SOIEIIE PA2IMS 

HD6: / BtAdlBE IBSS/fSS/ NGNESHUXIVE TESTS/ BEQIIBEtCNIS 

ABA: I.S. 

ABS: Ihe pRxaeduces foUcxel ly the NASA Offioe of the Chief Bigineer in developing the guideline cxxxanii^ tie 
sttuctuces, naterials, and fracture ocntxxxL of the S^aoe 3iittle peyloads are described. Eactocs ocntroUii^ 
the peyload launch safety, such as crev and pa ss m i ffs: safety, reusability, and mboes of peykaib in a sli^ 
lanch are eqphasdzed. St^rrial oonsidecatiai is gi^/ei to the SCS dssdgp and testir^ apprcachs, natarials 
considaatiais, safie^ czitLGallty tevia/ procaesses, ncnkstructive evakatlcn inspectLcn for SES pef^load 
fracture ocntcol, fracture tnachanics scieaiing procedures, and uji|uuits of ^rg^^^'' oanoeni (e.g., pressuriaed 
vessels, fastsiecSf and ocnposite structures). 

84AU721*» ISSffi 2 PAE 135 QflHTRy 12 RPIt: lAF PAEER 83^29 83/10/00 6 PAE5 INIASSDIED OXl^ 

UnL: Ihe spaoe statLcn - kx overview of the design process 

MJnb AAJJfmSW, C. 

BAA: A/QiASA, Jinscn ^pace Oentet, Sjpaoe Station ftqject Office, Houstcn, IX) 

GCRP: Ifaticnal Aercnautics and S^aoe Adtadnistxatiacu lyndcn B. Jdncn ?^wnp Gaite:, Bcustcn, Itex. 

OD: INdH) SDOES IhteiBtiaial Astnnutical Faderaticn, Ihtematicnal ^tetromtical Cbi9«s, 34tii, Bu±|3est, 
Bupgary, Oct. 10-15, 1963. 6 p. 

Hys: /^asasiivtasis/mskmattis/^^c&scKn^ 

NNS: / oak MttiAGBBOy HABCmBILIIY/ SBKHBAFT OCttUIIEmai/ StCSBtFI HNER SUEHJES/ SEMSXAFT HOUSHN/ 
aMHEAFT RFITffllT m/ SB^CHBAFT TRACKDIV SHUHIBAL EESIQ^ SSOHS BGDQRnCI 

fBAx D.G. 

fBSi Ihe desdffi fectcrs being ccnstdered in the NASA stBoenstatkn devekpcnt prcgran are gmwH^j. Tt^ 
oucxeitly cndstcned ndssicn recfjirenBits are listed, and the systm architecture is defined as a ooce statioi, 
DlssiavdedicatBd elanaits, and supporting equdpnent such as an orbit manoivering vefaide. ^sten dasiffi 
factccs itisn BBBd indude ocUt selection, ocntandnation oaitxol, automy, ssfStan safety, tecimLcgy 
inideiBitation, long lif^f reliafaility and naintainafaillty, and cost; sti^stsn desiffi fectocs include 
structural ccnsldeEaticns, electrical power, enRdicmaital ocntiol an! life sufiport, (fata neneamt, 
aamnicaticns and txaddng, cnboard pcqulsicn, habitahillty, and crev support. QonfiguratiorBl dsi0i is 
sem as driven ty a tuber of factors, pcbnacily the need to fit aU oonpaa to into the Siittle peyload be^ 
for assaiUy in IH) ty tie 9ixttle cresr. 



304 



TSASlSeStt ISSUB 23 EV£& 4145 QOHXRr 16 FFTft; AIM BMm 7&-lfi56 78/09/00 8 B(£S INlASSIFim DO^ 

unL: Sjpaoe Shuttle vEhide grovth options 

iVm: A/mL, M. V. J. 

ttAt A/(Etockuell Ihteaiational Qxp., 9uttle (ktdter Dlv., Edwi^i Chlif.) 

OD: INEM) SIKIES ^^nerlcan Institute of Aercnautics and Astronautics, CbnfiereiQe on latge Sjpaoe Ha tfi oa m s; FUture 
Needs axl Qtsdbilitiest Los inf^ies, GalifM Sept. 27-29, 1978, 8 p. 

(«US: / ^^SEfCE ainiE 2fS10XB/ ^^SBf(E aUTHES/ ^^S^CHSAFT IESB3S/ *IKFNnrfXy ASSESOCNT 

MDB: / Fin. T»RS/ ffiAVT UFT liUCH VEHKIES/ MfiMH) SME HJEHT/ MESKN HiWONy FELSfiBlE L4KH ^ffiHEClES/ 
SfCESJrUEBJSTEBS/ S£fCETMGE(Ert(nntl 

ifiS: Advaxsed "g pyy missicn cxnoeptual studies ocnckrted djcing the past five yeacs reMoal potaitial opera t io n al 
spirp txasportatLcn cecfLiiiBiBits b^cnd those of the pcesait Sjpaoe 9iittle System. Iheie viU be cequisenEnts 
fior increased peyload delivecy weie^t and wlune, indeesed lairh rate, increased cxof size and passenger 
delivecy, iicreased mission duraticn, increased electrical power, and increased vioste hsat oDl le ction and 
rejection in amectkn with potafitial future ndssicns curraitly bedns ocnsidered. Increased peQrloed ^ei^^t 
optiocs are CKandisl, taicbng into acoouit an ectemal tsric solid rodoet motor strap-oi ocncept, 
liqjidixopellait rocket booster designs, and an advanced shuttle onfigucaticn conoept. Attrition is eOso 
givei to a hmivy lift launch vehicle, afi extended-ducatiai ndssicn ocfaiter, an ocfaitec iBssa iger transport, 
scpects of lary diacEter peQrload delivery, a 'stretched' arbiter ccnoept, and pcoblans of M^jvenezgy orbit 
peyload delivety. 

7aC7347# ISSIE 18 PAS 2305 CfflHHff 18 RPTft: IlR-IB-5a2-75/19 TMXVOO 76 RCES In GHWflN UGAiilLUfcD DOOMNT 
DCAFBDQ2631 

UnL: Ariane passa^ger of the HVIR. Dcaft stu^ 

AUIB: A/FIEIRASS, A.; B/BISf J. 

(XBP: Deutsche Pocschic^ ind ^fersucfasEnstalt fuer Luft- md BaunEahtt, OberpfaffiahofEn (Uast Geonary). 

CSS: (Inst, fuer D/rEnik der FIiJBsg/stene.) AVAHJOIS 

sftP: a:$5.a) 

OD; GERffNT, MHtAL FTOSLDC GF 

WJSi / *tSailE lANH VEBBIE/ mSSBS H^NOKV ^&S1MS/ -^^StaSUUErinaiE INSnUBOS 

MINS: / HASHI^ VMEE/ SfflHIZIE AEIHIIE OJSnXU SfflSIHE amaBffiiaC/ SCIR IStOEBS/ UaBAVmET RfflUCmN 

iBki ESA 

IBSt A prcposal is made for an i^risne lauich ^/chlcle peylcBd satellite containii^ techfiolcgical and sdoitific 
cgqperjncnts. TJactnoLlcglGal cscperiinaits pujposed are: a three axis altitude system, a star field ssisor, an 
ion dlrectlcn soisor, an BF positicn ssisor, time neasurenent etfiipnait, a t^hazine pcopuilsicn init, and a 
mrytilar telaoetryteleocninBnd systan. Sdentific etperiments are: nsasureiEnt of the geoooccnal and 
interpiaietaiy scattered tadiaticn in the W and in^^stigaticn of tie plasnspause. The oonfigutation of the 
satellite is detailed, ad a ndssion plai described. 



305 



306. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

PAGE 
PARAGRAPH 

310 
Acronymns and Abbreviations 

312 

1.0 INTRODUCTION 

- 312 

1.1 General _ 2j^2 

1.2 Scope 312 

1.3 Vehicle Processing 2i2 

1.4 Chronology • 

2.0 PROPELLANTS/PRESSURANTS SUPPORT 313 

313 

2.1 LH2 (Propellant) -^^ 

2.2 LH2 (Fuel Cell) 3^^^ 

2.3 GH2 315 

2.4 L02 A 315 

2.5 L02 F (Fuel Cell) • " ' ' ' " 315 

2.6 G02 F 31g 

2.7 GN2 317 

2.8 GHe " 318 

2.9 Hypergols 3ig 

2.10 Toxic Vapor Scrubber Solutions ^^q 

2.11 R-21 320 

2.12 Delonized Water ^20 

2.13 NH3 

.... 320 
3.0 CARGO SUPPORT 

321 
4.0 HAZARDOUS WASTE SUPPORT 

322 
5.0 FLUIDS COST DATA 



fAK-?^^ .immnmBuw 



ACR0N7NS and ABBREVIATIONS 

APCI Air Products & Chemicals, Inc. 

APU Auxiliary Power Unit 

ARE (SRB) Assembly and Refurbishment Facility 

ASTF Aft Skirt Test Facility 

BAir Breathing air 

Big Three Big Three Industries , Inc. 

BOC Base Operations Contract (or) 

C-39 Complex 39 

CCF-39 Complex 39 Converter/Compressor Facility 

Cryoload Cryogenic loading 

DFRF Dryden Flight Research Facility 

DRL Data Requirements List 



EG&G 
EPS 
ESA 
ET 



EG&G Florida, Inc. 
Electrical Power Subsystem 
Explosive Safe Area 
External Tank 



FCSS Fuel cell servicing system 

FRF Flight readiness firing 

FSS Fixed service structure 

FTAT Fire Training Area Tank 

GH2 Gaseous hydrogen 

GHe Gaseous helium 

GN2 Gaseous nitrogen 

G02 F High purity gaseous oxygen 

HMF Hypergol Maintenance Facility 

(OMS/RCS Processing Area; ORPA) 

HPI Hypergol Propellants Incinerator 

HPU Hydraulic power unit 

Hyperload Hypergolic loading 

IPA Isopropyl alcohol 

KSC John F. Kennedy Space Center 

LC-39 Launch Complex 39 

LCD Launch Countdown 

LH2 Liquid hydrogen 

L02 A Propellant-grade liquid oxygen 

L02 F High-purity liquid oxygen 

MMH Monomethyl hydrazine 

HON Mixed oxides of nitrogen 

N/F Not forecasted 

N2H4 Monopropellant-grade hydrazine 

N204 Nitrogen tetroxide 

NaOH-.25 25-Percent sodium hydroxide 

NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration 

NH3 Ammonia 



310 



OHS 
OPF 
ORPA 

PDU 

PDT 

PHSF 

ppm 

PRSD 

psig 

QD 

R-21 
RCS 
RSV 
RTLS 

SAEF II 

scf 

scfm 

SRB 

STS 

TBD 
TDRS 
TPS 
TVC 

VAB 

WCDDT 



ACRONYMS and ABBREVIATIONS 
(Continued) 

Orbital Maneuvering System 

Orbiter Processing Facility 

OMS/RCS Processing Area (previously HMF) 

Portable deionizing unit 

Pacific Daylight Time 

Pay load Hazardous Servicing Facility 

Part(s) per million 

Power reactant supply and distribution system 

Pound(s) per square inch gage 

Quick disconnect 

Refrigerant 21 
Reaction control system 
Ready storage vessel 
Return to launch site 

Spacecraft Assembly and Encapsulation Facility 

Standard cubic feet 

Standard cubic feet per minute 

Solid Rocket Booster 

Space Transportation System 

To be Determined/Defined 
Tracking and Data Relay Satellite 
Thermal Protection System 
Thrust Vector Control 

Vehicle Assembly Building 

(Wet) Countdown Demonstration Test 



311 



STS-26R FLUIDS COMSUMPTION AND COST DATA 



1*0 INTRODUCTION 

1.1 GENERAL 

This report has been prepared as a supplement to the ALS Phase 2 
contractor work shops to be conducted by the SGOE/T Study team. It is 
intended to assist designers of future launch vehicle systems with 
quantified data as a baseline for fluids consumption and cost relative 
to handling and boiloff losses and significant waste product generation. 
The data are extracted from the propellants/presurrants support report 
provided by BG&G Technical Operations, EGG-630, during checkout and 
launch of the STS-26R vehicle. This launch was the first 
return-to-flight mission occurring since the loss of mission 51-L. 

1.2 SCOPE 

This data summarizes support provided for STS-26R from arrival at LC-39B 
thru FRF, WCDDT and launch, and encompasses the following categories: 

o Propellants/Pressurants Support 

Cargo Support 

o Hazardous Waste Support 

Data for life support services and KSC landing support are not included 
herein. 



1.3 



VEHICLE PROCESSING 

Vehicle processing was initiated with rollout to LC-39B on July 4, 1988 
and included two FRF attempts and two WCDDT' s. Launch occurred on the 
initial attempt at 1137 hours, Thursday, September 29, 1988 after a 
1-hour and 38-minute delay in the countdown due to upper atmosphere 
low-wind conditions. 



1.4 



CHRONOLOGY 

The following chronology presents the 
support during the processing of STS-26R. 



major test events requiring 



o S0024 
o V2303 
o S0014 



PRELAUNCH PROPELLANT LOAD - 7/10/88 - 7/13/88 

FCSS/PRSD DEWAR SERVICING - 7/18/88 

FRF - 7/24/88 - 8/11/88 

7/24/88 - Call to stations at 2330 hours 

WCDDT - 7/28/88 - 8/01/88 

7/28/88 - Scrubbed due to LH2 QD and 
L02 A pump problems 

7/31/88 - Second attempt initiated with 
successful completion 
at 0700 hours, 8/01/88 



312 



1.4 (Continued) 



8/04/88 - Initial FRF attempt scrubbed due to 
faulty engine valve. 



8/10/88 - Successful FRF at 0730 hours 
8/11/88 - Completed pad/vehicle safing 
S0024 PRELAUNCH PROPELLANT LOAD - 8/24/88 - 8/25/88 
V2303 FCSS/PRSD DEWAR SERVICING - 9/18/88 
S0007 LCD - 9/26/88 - 9/29/88 

9/26/88 - Call to Stations at 0800 hours 
9/29/88 - Launch* 
* Included an unscheduled 1-hour, 38-minute hold. 

2.0 PROPELLANTS/PRESSURANTS SUPPORT 

2.1 LH2 (; PROPELLANT) 

2 1 1 General. Total propellant LH2 consumption for processing and launch of 
iiSS was 805,000 gallons. For reference, volume of the shuttle 
external LH2 tank is 415,585 gallons. 

2 1 2 Test Support. The following quantities of LH2 were consumed for each 
m^jor test ev ent. NOTE: Data for the two WCDDT's are combined. 



1 



EVENT 

Combined VCDDT's 

FRF (first attempt) 

FRF (second attempt) 

LCD/ Launch 

TOTAL Propellant LH2 
Consumption 



GALLONS 



100,000 
105,000 
100,000 
500.000 

805,000 j 



Post-Launch Inventory, LC-39B - 310,000 gallons 



313 



2.1.3 Departures/Deviations from Planned Support . The following deviations 
from planned propellant LH5 support were incurred during STS-26R 
pre-laimch processing. 

o During WCDDT attempts (7/28/88 through 8/1/88), the A126 and A127 L02 
pumps would not start C^OIOO, 7/29/88) causing a 72-hour 
scrub/ turnaround. Refill was resumed at 2145 hours, 7/31/88 and the 
second WCDDT was completed at 0713 hours, 8/1/88. An LH2 QD leak at 
the ET umbilical was experienced during the second VCDDT. 

o During FRF, on 8/4/88, an automatic abort due to software anomalies 
occurred at T-5 (0730 hours) resulting in an LH2/L02 A drainback. 

o The launch consumption was 26 , 000 gallons above the expected 
consumption of 474,000 gallons. NOTE: The readability of the sphere 
liquid level gage is only precise to +/- 9,000 gallons. 

2.2 LH2 (FUEL CELL) 

2.2.1 General . Total LH2 provided for FCSS/PRSD dewar servicing for STS-26R 
was 57600 gallons. For reference, the EPS includes three LH2 dewars 
containing a total of 276 lb. LH2 (466 gallons). 

2.2.2 Test Support . Two FCSS/PRSD dewar servicing operations were performed 
in support of STS-26R as follows. 







EVENT 


GALLONS 


COMBINED WCDDT 's 


2,900 


LCD/ Launch 


2,700 


Total Fuel Cell 
LB2 Provided 


5,600 



No deviations from planned support were incurred. 



2.3 
2.3.1 



GH2 

General . A total of 92,248 scf of 6H2 were consumed during processing 
and launch of STS-26R. 



2.3.2 Test Support . The following data provides battery pressure readings 
before and after the events listed and the total GH2 usage. NOTE: Data 
are not available to provide a breakout of VCDDT usage from total FRF 
usage. 



EVENT 



GH2 BATTERY PRESSURE 

INITIAL FINAL USAGE 
(PSIG) (PSIG) (SCF) 



WCDDT' s 

FRF 

LCD/LauncE 



4200 



4000 
TOTAL GH2 Battery Usage 



2800 73,603 



3700 18,645 
92,248 



314 



2.3.3 



2.4 
2.4.1 

2.4.2 



2.4.3 



specification/ ready for launch. 

L02 A (PROPELLANT-GRADE) 

General. Total propellant L02 A consumption for processing and launch 

5r%S^26R was 740,000 gallons. 

Test supp ort. Th. «ol^ri->|,^n«'iSI ^^o'^W^D^^'arr^olSf.J!' 'ifr 
reUj.„:rvo!:;:r;f T-.^u'^ll 'ZV^ll'u,! ,an. is US.SOO gallons. 



2.5 
2.5.1 

2.5.2 





1 


1 

EVENT 


GALLONS 


Combined WCDDT's 


210,000 


FRF (first attempt) 


130,000 


FRF (second attempt) 


138,000 


1 LCD/ Launch 


262,000 


1 Total L02 A Consumption 


740,000 



Post-Launch Inventory, LC-39B . 262,000 gallons 



The following deviations 
incurred during STS-26R 



nAnartures/ Deviations from Pla nned Support. 
fr£m planned propellant L02 A support were 
pre- launch processing. 

, During VCOOI .tt«,pt, 0'^'f.J^''-^,'>i\Z]- l^^T^s^^ '".' ""••-' 

'"""^/...^iound" r'. Ill vis i«im.d « mS ho", ?/31/88 «.d th. 

scrub/ turnaround. Kerixi was "=*;*"'^" 0/1/00 An th7 OD leak at 
second WCDDT was completed at 0713 Jours, 8/1/88. ^ LH2 QD leak 
the ET umbilical was experienced during the second WCDDT. 

liquid level gage is only precise to +/- 9,000 gallons. 
L02 F (FUEL CELL. HIGH PURITY) 

^t.l;ln, /MVC of 2,343 lb. L02 (2*6 gallons). 16S lb. ot th. L02 
are for ECLSS. 

Tes t Support . Two FCSS/PRSD dewar servicing operations were performed 
in support oi STS-26R as follows. 



315 



2.6 
2.6.1 

2.6.2 







EVENT 


GALLONS 


COMBINED VCDDT's 


937 


LCD/Launch 


922 


Total Fuel Cell 
LH2 Provided 


1,859 



No deviations from planned support were Incurred. 
G02 F (FUELCELL. HIGH PURITY) 

General. A total of 43,979 scf of G02 F were consumed during processing 
and launch of STS-26R. *^ * 

Test Support. The following data provides battery pressure readings 
before and after the events listed and the total G02 F usage. 



EVENT 


G02 F BATTERY PRESSURE 
INITIAL PINAL 
(PSIG) (PSIG) 


USAGE 
(SCF) 


WCDDT's 


4,900 4,100 


17,554 


FRF 


5,600 4,800 


19,701 


LCD/Launch 


4,800 4,480 


6,724 




TOTAL 602 F Battery Usage 


43,979 



No deviations from planned support were incurred. 



2.7 
2.7.1 

2.7.2 



GN2 

gSg^ffjf- , The C-39 GN2 system supported processing and launch of 
STS-26R, Including two FRF attempts and two WCDDT's. Nominal daily uses 
for other C-39 facilities are subtracted from the C-39 Meter Station GN2 
totalizer readings which provide the following reported usages. 

Test Support. The GN2 flow rates for the following tests were obtained 
from continuous flow charts and readings taken at regular intervals at 
the C-39 Meter Station. 

o V1040 Orbiter PRSD Load 

The two Orbiter PRSD loads were accomplished essentially as planned 
with nominal average flow rates of 7,000 scfm. 



316 



o S0014 FRF 

GN2 flows for the two WCDDT's and the two FRF attempts were 
Ssentially as planned with peak flow rates of 16.000 scfm 
exD«ieSced. To?al GN2 usage for each WCDDT and FRF attempt was 
slight!? higher than planned due to extended purge requirements after 
drainback. 

o S0007 LCD 

GN2 flows for LCD were essentially as planned. Total usage for each 
STS-26R major event were as follows: 









1 


1 

EVENT 


•DURATION 
(DAYS) 


USAGE 1 

NOMINAL ACTUAL | 

(SCF) (SCF) 1 


VCDDT (1st Attempt) 


4 


17,000,000 


17,500,000 1 


VCDDT (2nd Attempt) 


3 


17,000,000 


19,000,000 


FRF (1st Attempt) 


4 


18,000,000 


19,000,000 


1 FRF (Successful) 


3 


17,000,000 


19,000,000 


1 

1 LCD 


3 


12,000,000 


12,000,000 



No significant deviations from planned support were incurred. 



2.8 
2.8.1 

2.8.2 



GHe 

r«n*.ral The mode of GHe support for STS-26R during processing and 

fSr' inSSdiSg two FRF attempts and two WCDDT's, was essentially as 

planned. 

T«at SuDoort. It should be noted that there are no flow recorders for 
6fll yobt; in the following consumption Jat a, battery pressure decay 

following usage, 
o S0014 FRF 

Total GHe usage for each WCDDT/PRF attempt was ^«":f^^»^,*^^«J" J'^^ 

Srerlomrrls^girtrlifrrf^^^^^^^ 

support dSrSg S0014 due to the higher usage and two additional 

vehicle tankings required. 

o S0007 LCD 

T«*al GHe usase for LCD was nominal for the 3-day period (l-ho«r, 
l7-iLte uisSedSed holdtime was considered in calculating the 

usage). 



317 



Total GHe usage for each event Is presented In the following matrix: 



EVENT 


DURATION 
(DAYS) 


USAGE 
NOMINAL 
(SCF) 


ACTUAL 
(SCF) 


WCDDT (1st Attempt) 


4 


1,500,000 


1,800,000 


WCDDT (2nd Attempt) 


3 


1,300,000 


1,900,000 


FRF (1st Attempt) 


4 


1,500,000 


2,000,000 


FRF (Successful) 


3 


1,300,000 


1,900,000 


LCD 


3 


900,000 


900,000 



2.9 HYPERGOLS 

2.9.1 General. Hypergols required for launch of STS-26R were MMH, N204 MON-3 
an^ N2H4. The LC-39B MMH and N204 RSV's did not require replenishment 
prior to LCD} however, a total of 256 gallons of N2H4 was provided, 
the following hypergol system volumes are included for reference: 



I- 



N204 
lb. gallons 



MMH j 
lb. gallons | 



CMS Basic Kit, 
1000 fps 
(2 pods total) 


14,866 


1,244 


9,010 


1,236 


RCS Aft 
C2 pods total) 
Forward 


2,976 
1,488 


249 
125 


1,860 
930 


255 
128 


TOTAL 




1,618 




1,619 



318 



2.9.2 Test Support . The APU/HPU servicing carts were filled in support of 
STS-26R as tollows : 



REQUIREMENT DATE 

APU Cart Loading 6/15/88 
HPU Cart Loading 7/07/88 



GALLONS 
216 
40 



Hypergol launch consumption and post-launch inventory levels are 
presented in the following. NOTE: All quantities are expressed in 
gallons . 





_.^^«*^— ^ — 




POST LAUNCH INVENTORY | 


HTPERGOL 


LC-39B 
PRE-S0024 


ONBOARD 
LOAD 


FUEL 
STORAGE 
LC-39B AREA 1 LC-39A 


HMH 


7,500 


1,060 


6,400* -0- 5,660 


N204 MON-3 


3,160 


1,060 


2,100** 2,375 6,500 


N2H4 


_ 


120 


1,320 



* Not verified 

** Calculated based on tank level 

2.9.3 Departures/Deviations from P lanned Support. No deviations ^jo™ P^f "«^ 
support vere incurred; h owever, during the performance of S0024 it was 
determined that the LC-39B liquid level gages were not calibrated 
correctly and previous RSV level readings were inaccurate; therefore, 
the N204 RSV level was "marginal" for Hyperload. The amount of N204 
required in the system piping and the RSV is being recalculated by LSOC 
personnel to establish a new minimum quantity (if necessary); the 
present minimum is 3,000 gallons. 

2.10 TOXIC VAPOR SCRUBBER SOLUTIONS 

2.10.1 General. Citric acid and NaOH-25 are used as scrubber solutions for the 
fuel and oxidizers scrubbers (respectively). 

2.10.2 Test Support . Scrubber changeouts are performed on an "as requested" 
basis. The t ollowing quantities were provided in support of STS-26R. 

o Citric Acid (Fuel Scrubbers) 

ARF - 2,250 pounds 
HMF - 255 pounds 
C-39B - 950 pounds 

o NaOH-25 

LC-39B - 660 gallons 



319 



2.11 R-21 

There were 533 pounds of R-21 consumed in support o£ STS-26R. Current 

inventory levels are 17,000 pounds contained in l^OOO-pound cylinders 

and 1,650 pounds in 150-pound cylinders. No deviations to planned 
support were incurred. 

2.12 DEIONIZED WATER 

PDU'S were maintained in "ready" condition for support of STS-26R. 
Units 1, 2 and 3 were utilized in the OFF and Unit 4 vas assigned to the 
O&C* Unit 5 vas maintained on "backup" status for emergency use if 
required. No deviations to planned support were incurred. 

2.13 NH3 

There were approximately 100 pounds of NH3 consumed in support of 
STS-26R. Current inventory level is 650 pounds. No deviations to 
planned support were incurred. 

3.0 CARGO SUPFORT 

The following propellants/pressurants were provided in support of the 
TDRS payload deployed from STS-26R. 

o N2H4 1,590 pounds (4 drums) 

o BAir 876 scf (4 K-bottles) 

52,218 scf (1 compressed 
gas trailer) 

o GN2 440 scf (2 K-bottles) 



320 



4.0 HAZARDOUS WASTE SUPPORT 

The following n^trlx presents only «Jfi^^"!f"J,<»S?;^^JJ"i;LS'''?S 
vaste venerated during processing and launch of STS-ZbR, inciuaing trt 
IS yCDOT support. Wastes volumes generated were not significantly 
^eatef^ha^ expe;ted. The list of potential contaminants exceeds 50 
line items. 



LOCATION/ 
PAaLITY 



GENERATING 
PROCESS 



ARF 
(L6-248) 



WASTE 

COMPOSITION/TYPE DISPOSAL 

WITH PROCESS CODE SITE/PROCESS 



QUANTITIES* 
FORECAST ACTUAL 



SREI 

TPS 

Application 



Solids 
KUB-NMS-L6248 



Solvents 



Complex 13/ 
Offsite 



K7-165/ 
Offsite 



50 



N/F 



82 



17 



Fuel Storage Dump and 
Area 1 Plush of 
(Facility Oxidizer- 
80500) Contaminated 
Components 



Corrosive 

Liquid 

KGG-HOD-80520 



Tanker/ 
Offsite 



500** 100** 



C-39B 



Oxidizer Farm NaOH-25 
(RSV) Scrubber KLH-HOC-J7A90 
Changeout 



NaOB-25 
KLH-H0C-J7337 



FSS Oxidizer 

Scrubber 

Changeout 

Fuel Farm Spent Citric 
(RSV) Scrubber Acid 
Changeout KLH-NFF-J7534 



FSS Fuel 
Scrubber 
Changeout 



Spent Citric 

Acid 

KLH-NFP-J7337 



Tanker/ 
Offsite 



Tanker/ 
Offsite 



HPI 



HPI 



1000** 800** 



1000** 200** 



300** 800** 



300** 200** 



Fuel Farm 
Sump 



Water with 
Slight Amount of 
MHH 
KLH-HFH-J7534 



HPI/ 
Offsite 



100** 75** 



NOTE: 



* All quantities are in drums unless indicated as ** (gallons) 



321 



5.0 FLUIDS COST DATA 

The following KSC cost data were effective May, 1988. 



LN2 $ 90. 00/ ton 

L02A 55. 00/ ton 

L02F 264. 00/ ton 

GN2 4.00/MSCF 

GHE 64.00/MSCF 

N204 2.75/lb. 

N2H4 10.00/lb. 

MMH 10.00/lb. 

H202 (90 %) 3.20/lb. 

LHE 3.65/Li (D) $2.75 (bulk) 

RP-1 3.00/gal 

JP-5 1.42/gal 



322 



fUASA- 



Report Documentation Page 



1. Report No. 



2. Government Accession No. 



4. Title and Subtitle 

Shuttle Ground Operations Efficiencies/Technologies Study - Phase 3 

Volume 3 of 4, ALS Phase 2 Contractor Workshop Data Reference 

Document - Simplified Launch System Operational Critena 



3. Recipient's Catalog No. 



^ 



3 o? -^ 



5. Report Date 



May 1989 



6. Performing Organization Code 



7. Author(s) 



A/ Scholz, A.L.; B/ Byrd, RJ. 



8. Performing Organization Report No. 

None 



10. Work Unit No. 

N/A 



9. Performing Organization Name and Address 

Boeing Aerospace Operations 
Cocoa Beach, FL 



12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address ,»,-o/-^\ 

Department of the Air Force - HQ Space Division (AFSC) 

Los Angeles AFB. P.O. Box 92960 

Los Angeles. CA 90009-2960 

Administered by NASA John F. Kennedy Space Center, FL 



11. Contract or Grant No. 

NASlO-11344 



13. Type of Report and Period Covered 

Final 6/88-5/89 



14. Sponsoring Agency Code 



15 Supplementary Notes 

This document is phase 3 of a 3-phase study. Phase 1 has been published as 
NASA CR-180581 thru 180585. 



16. Abstract 

This SLSOC volume identifies 61 items which drive operations schedules and cost _ Each item is 
IxDlained relative to- 1) Operations Requirement; the perceived/exper.er^ced need for 
fmDovemenror change ^2 for its impact on operations; 3) Sample Concept; free 

ZkinrexLmple wHh intint to inspi;e designers to search for other than "business as usual 
soSs- 4) Technotgy Requirement; in those cases where enabling knowledge and hardware are 
loDarent: and 5) Technology References; NASA RECON technical report references related to the 
fn^n^r ThP qLSOC are cateaorized- 1) Management and System Engineenng. 2) Avionics and 
So'L!e sfpTwerf 4) sTuS^^^^^ Mate'als; 5) Propulsion; and 6) Facilities and Support 
Equipment. 

Solutions /Sample Concepts to the problems are posed to stimulate a "new look" at old concepts a^^^ 
fo eS^^^^ designers and program personnel with the admonition to dramatically 

simplify systems and operations in all areas. 



17. Key Words (Suggested by Authorisl) 

Cost benefit analysis 
ground operations 
management analysis 
Space Transportation System 
technology assessment 



18. Distribution Statement 



Unclassified - Unlimited 



19. Security Classif. (of this report) 

Unclassified 



20. Security Classif. (of this page) 

Unclassified 



21. No. of pages 

321 



22. Price 



NASA FORM 1626 OCT 86